LIVINGSTON, - MONTANA
GEO. H. WRIGHT, - Publisher.
SATURDAY. MAY 1. 188G.
Entered at tlie postoffice in Livingston, M. T.
as second-class mail matter.
Orders have been issued by the treas
ury department for the fitting out of the
revenue steamer Rear at San 1 ranciseo
for a cruise to Alaska. She is to pro
ceed as far north as possible, and to
make a thorough search for the crew of
the wrecked whaler Amethist.
The delay in the confirmation of Mr.
Kimball as director of the mint has been
occasioned by Senator Beck. Mr. Kim
ball is a strong opponent of silver coin
age. Mr. Beck takes the ground that
the president has no right to appoint a
man to execute the coinage law that is
not in sympathy with it, and several
members of the committee agree with
Captain Quinn, in charge of the im
provements on the Yellowstone and up
per Missouri rivers, favors the building
of a dredge and towboat for use on
these streams. As the appropriation of
•325,000 will be insufficient for this and
to carry out the other work already un
dertaken, Delegate Toole hopes to se
cure a sufficient additional appropria
tion for that purpose.
The nomination of Col. Chas. D. Cur
tis, Helena's efficient fire chief, to be
postmaster at Helena has been sent to
the senate, the present incumbent, Mr.
Cuthbert, having tendered his resigna
tion. Col. Curtis was one of the pio
neers of Montana, is a public spirited
citizen in every sense of the term, and
his nomination to this position—one of
the best within the gift of the federal
government—gives universal satisfac
tion to the citizens of Helena.
At the executive session of the senate
last week Senator Morrill entered a mo
tion to reconsider the vote by which
Gen. Rosecrans was continued as regis
ter of the treasury. Since his confirma
tion charges have been filed with the
committee alleging that he was engaged
in a land steal in California, and proof
is said to exist in the report of the Uni
ted States supreme court, which decided
a case in which the general was inter
ested. The nomination will probably
be recommitted until an investigation
can be made.
The senate commerce committee
which has in its care the nomination of
Captain Beecher, a son of Henry Ward
Beecher, to be collector of customs at
Port Townsend, are reported to be dis
satisfied with the explanation of the
charges preferred against him, and have
requested the President to withdraw his
nomination. It is charged that while
Beecher was purser of a Puget Sound
steamer he took from a gentleman 3300
to be used in the purchase of postal
notes, and that neither the money or
postal notes were ever returned.
We learn from the Billings Gazette
that the surveyors of the proposed route
for the Billings, Clarks Fork & Cooke
City railroad will find it necessary to use
pack horses in order to continue the
journey after reaching the canyon.
This, in the face of its persistent state
ments that the route is for most part
over a comparatively level prairie and
the balance accessible to heavily loaded
freight wagons over gently sloping
grades, is quite refreshing and may have
the effect to deter the capitalists (?) in
terested in that road from investing in
a scheme which is liable to prove so
enormously expensive. The incorpora
tors, resident at Billings, should muzzle
the Gazette or it may, in its overween
ing desire to assist them, frustrate their
attempt to defeat the granting of the
right of way to the Cinnabar & Clarks
Fork railway through the Park. Be
fore the survey is completed the Gazette
may go still farther and announce the
necesity of furnishing the engineers
with extension ladders in order to en
able them to scale the precipices which
they will encounter before reaching
Tli« Chicago & Northwestern.
Montana is an inviting field for rail
road enterprises and is pressing her ca
pabilities upon the consideration of dif
ferent railroad corporations looking for
western outlets to their roads now in
operation. It has long been known that
the Chicago & North western had its eye
on Montana as a field for its future occu
pation, and a letter just received by a
citizen of Helena shows that these pre
vious entertained notions are resolving
themselves into active movements. The
letter is a private communication from
an army officer, formerly in Montana, at
Fort Niobrara, Nebraska. It is under
date of the 19th inst. and says: "Look
out for a railroad to Montana from this
side. The Northwestern is coming
The above from the Helena Herald is
fully corroborated by the statements
made to the Enterprise by a promi
nent citizen of this town, recently re
turned from a visit to the east. While
in Chicago he met an official of that road
who, upon learning that he was from
Livingston, gave him a somewhat ex
tended statement of the future plans of
the Northwestern in regard to Montana.
He stated that it was their intention to
reach Buffalo, Wyoming, from which
point they would run the line in a north
westerly direction, through the petro
leum fields of Wyoming, taking in the
Rock creek coal measures, and striking
the Yellowstone at some point this side !
of Stillwater. After reaching the Nor- j
them Pacific they will parallel that road j
to Livingston—the objective point be
ing the National Park. It is expected
to cross the range at Trail Creek Pass
and continue the road as far west as
Helena and Butte. A branch from this
place to Fort Benton via White Sulphur
Springs is also one of the projects un
der contemplation, for the purpose of
securing the stock shipments from nor
thern Montana. They claim they would
be able to control a large portion of this
traffic by virtue of their ability to carry
freight from Montana to the Chicago
market in twelve hours less time than
by any competing line. The apparent
familiarity with the country traversed
by the proposed extension of the North
western road, andthe earnest manner in
which the official discussed the advan
tages to accrue from such an invest
ment, led our informant to the belief
that a competing line to Livingston was
not only a possibility but one of the
probabilities of the near future.
Another ol' Sparks' Rulings.
Washington special: It is probable
that another of Sparks' decisions will be
set aside. The Washington territory
legislature some years ago passed a law
providing for leasing the sixteenth and
thirty-sixth sections of land in the ter
ritory, set aside fof school purposes.
Nearly the entire body of the school
lands in the territory was leased and
put under cultivation, and much of it
was fenced. The recent fence law en
acted by congress forbids the fencing of
public lands. Sparks holds that the
school lands of Washington territory
are still part of the public domain, and
that the occupants of them are tres
passers and liable to prosecution. He
has ordered suits to be brought against
a number of persons who occupy these
lands under lease provided for by the
Washington territory legislature. Sen
ator Mitchell presented the case to As
sistant Secretary .Tenks and was inform
ed that Sparks' ruling was improper,
.Tenks said that the matter would be in
vestigated at once.
Montana*» Mineral Output.
In commenting Jupon the official fig
ures from the Denver mint for 1885,
which shows a total mineral output in
that state during the year of 822,561,000,
the Helena Independent says: Colorado
wil lhave to keep rustling to keep within
speaking distance of Montana for the
current year. Butte's output alone in
1885 was fully 817,000,000 and the bal
ance of the territory made up fully five
millions more. For the year Butte's
output is likely to reach 820,000,000; the
Granite Mountain, the Drum Lummon,
the Elkhorn, the Helena company, the
Boston and Montana, the Heela and
numberless lesser properties will add at
least 810,000,000 to what Butte produces.
It is safe to say that for the year 1886
Montana's metal output will be 830,
000,000, and may considerably exceed
that sum. Montana will lead all other
states and territories in the output of
her mines in 1886. *
The May number of the Overland
Monthly contains an unusual number of
high-class stories and sketches. One is
an impressive and fantastic story, "In
Favilla," by a new author; "Biscuche
Bill," a story of the Andes; a story of
the "Fruit Yale Camp Meetings," and
several other Pacific Coast stories, mak
ing one of the most readable numbers
ever issued. It also contains an inter
esting paper by Robert T. Devlin, state
prison commissioner, on "A Study of
Prison Labor in the two California Pris
ons." The sketch "Martial Experiences
by the California Volunteers," will at
tract much attention. Among the char
acteristic features of the Overland are:
Strong papers upon social, industrial,
historical and economic subjects; short
stories of character and adventure, pio
neer reminiscences and tales of the min
ing camps; serial stories of California
and Mexico, during the current year;
the best thought of the literary and po
litical leaders of the far west. Over
land Monthly, 120 Sutter street, San
New Northwest: Philips, the special
agent of the interior department, has
reported against granting a right for
the construction of a railroad from Cin
nabar to Cooke City, which would run
through one edge of the Yellowstone
National Park. He recommends the
route from Bi.lings to Cooke City. If a
railroad from Billings is practicable, and
not too expensive, perhaps it would be
as well to adopt that line. But Philips'
objections to the proposed line from Cin
nabar are, we call out west, unadultered
An Important Decision.
Courier: A decision was rendered yes
terday by J udge Pollard, in the case of
Sheriff Edsall vs. Commissioners of Gal
latin county, that affects every sheriff in
the territory. The case was brought by
Sheriff Edsall to recover 81.25 per day
for the keeping of county prisoner, hold
ing that the law of last session, cutting
down the price to 75 cents and 60 cents
was not in force. The decision of Pol
lard holds that the law of 1883 is in
force, which allows 81.25 per diem, as
the law of 1885 does not attempt to re
peal it, but instead repeals a previous
enactment. The decision will be hailed
with delight by all the sheriffs in the
territory, and we think it is one of sim
ple justice to them all and one that will
be maintained by the supreme court if
A Boycotted Post Trader.
A correspondent of the Glendive
Times furnishes the following case of
boycotting at Poplar River: The post
office at this place has been moved to T.
C. Power's store, L. V. Bogy being the
postmaster, and the removal has result
ed in considerable boycotting. No sol
dier is allowed to go to the store at the
agency, consequently can not go to the
postoffice. The post commander decides
that as a post trader is not allowed to
sell to Indians the other traders
cannot sell to soldiers. The soldiers
hering this and believing it to have been
done to favor the post trader by com
pelling them to trade there are boycot
ting the post trader.
Washington dispatch, 30th: The sen
ate in session to-day resumed the con
sideration of the nomination of Charles
R. Pollard, of Indiana, to be judge of
the supreme court of Montana, and the
senators having fully digested tlje ad
verse report in his case,all opposition was
withdrawn and the case was unani
Sheep Raising in Montana.
The April number of the C., R. I. & P.
publication contains the following rela
tive to Montana's sheep husbandry:
"Prior to 1874 there were no sheep in
the territory. Now there are 600,000,
valued at 82,000,000. With this increase
there has been a corresponding improve
ment in stock and the quality and quan
tity of fleece. Montana wool ranks very
high in the United States and commands
good prices. Severe snow storms are so
unfrequent that neither shelter nor win
ter feeding is often required, and the
ranges of the northwest are so high and
dry that diseases peculiar to lower lati
tudes are comparatively unknown. The
profits on wool are by many considered
greater and more certain even than on
cattle. Conservative breeders figure a
profit of 25 to 35 per cent., and all agree
that the wool clip will pay every item
of expense, leaving the increase a clear
gain. The losses are estimated as low
as 2 or 3 per cent., the annual increase
at 48 per cent., and the increase of 1,000
ewes (two years old and upward) from
50 to 150 per cent. Sheep readily sell at
83 to 83.20 per head. One herder can
take care of 2,000 head.
A Hellish Fiend.
On Saturday last the wife of Jacob
Freidmuth, a homesteader in Seward
county, Kansas, was outraged and cru
elly murdered by Fritz Rupin, a half
witted German, who had for some time
enjoyed the hospitality of the Freid
muths. After binding the lady hand
and foot and cutting her throat from
ear to ear, the brute secured a rusty hoe
with with which he disemboweled her.
Mrs. Freidmuth wasenciente, and when
discovered her unborn babe lay a few
feet from the mother cut in two. When
the husband discovered, upon his return
the next day, the mutilated body of his
wife he became a raving maniac and
ended his life with a shot gun. A posse
set out in search of the murderer, who
had fled, and found him secreted several
miles from the scene of his crime. A
fractious and spirited horse was secured
and saddled, one end of a lariet fasten
ed to the pommel of the saddle and the
other around the murderer's neck and,
amid the shouts of the men and the
crack of revolvers, the horse was start
ed. After a run of nearly five miles
the beast fell exhausted, and the lifeless
body of the murderer was loosened as
soon as the men came up.
To Protect Settler».
The house bill to protect homestead
settlers within the railway limits, which
recently passed the senate, provides:
Homestead settlers on public lands with
in railway limits who are restricted to
less than 160 acres, who have heretofore
made or may hereafter make the addi
tional entry allowed, either by the act
of March 3,1879, or of July 1,1879, after
having made final proof of settlement
and cultivation under the original entry,
shall be entitled to have the lands cov
ered by the additional entry patented
without any further cost or proof of
settlement or cultivation.
The supreme court of California have
rendered an important decision affecting
the rights of property owners to water
flowing through their lands. The
case in question was a suit
brought by Lux & Miller to
enjoin the Kern River Land &
Canal company from diverting the wa
ters of Kern river, which flowed through
the lands of plaintiffs. The decision
holds that owners of lands by or through
which water naturally flows have the
right of property of its waters. Justice
McKinsley wrote the decision and Jus
tices McKee, Thornton and Sharpstein
concurred. Chief Justice Morrison and
Justices Ross and My rick dissented.
Utica (New York) Press: When Jay
Gould boasts that the law will defend
him he must forget the occasion when
with 200 roughs from the wharves about
him, he was barricaded in a room of the
Grand Opera bidding defiance to the law.
It was about the 11th of March, 1872,
that Mr. Gould learned to respect the
law he had thought worth so little.
There were 300 policemen who were too
many for the 200 toughs and a crowbar
broke down the barricade and a legal
order was served on him. Then Jay
Gould was forced to give up about 8
000,000, and he began to think the law
was worth respecting.
Senator Morgan has introduced a bill
to pay the Chinese for losses sustained
by them in the Rock Springs, Wyoming,
riots last September. The bill provides
for the strict investigation of claims for
damages, the reports thereon to be sub
mitted to the president, who shall award
on each claim. The aggregate amount
awarded is not to exceed 8150,000.
Civil Engineer Robert E. Perry, of
the United States navy, has been grant
ed leave of absence for a year for the
purpose of exploring the interior of
Greenland. He w'ill leave St. Johns
early in May for Disco and be accom
panied by three men. It is a private en
terprise and entails no expense on the
A missing chapter house, which was
buried during the great fire at Dublin in
the thirteenth century, has been discov
ered by workmen who were excavating
underneath "Christ Church cathedral."
In the chapter house were beautifully
carved effigies, coins, tiles and marvel
ous specimens of architecture.
A. E. Simpson has been commissioned
postmaster at Albright, Custer county.
NEW MEAT MARKET!
Calendar Street, Rear of Bank,
W. H. PREWETT, Prop'r.
A GENERAL SUPPLY OF
Fresh and Salt Meats !
—ALWAYS ON HAND. ALSO—
Game, Poultry, Pish, Butter, Eggs & Vegetables
A FINE LINE OF TEAS ALSO IN STOCK.
The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited.
W. H, PREWETT.
New Drug Store!
I have opened a FIRST CLASS DRUG STORE
in the building now occupied by Wells-Fargo Express
Co., Main street. I have a complete and fresh
stock of Drugs.
PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED.
Soliciting a share of the patronage, I am,
J. E. MINTIE
JOH3ST H. li.A.IFL'V'.A.T,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Mutton, Lamb, Veal and Pork,
HAM. BACON AND CORNED BEEF.
Fresh Mountain Trout, Game and Poultry in season.
MAIN STREET, - - LIVINGSTON, M. T.
GEO. T. CHAMBERS & CO.
Now have the Largest and Best Stock of
Hardware, Stoves and Tinware
that lias ever been in Livingston, and
At Prices that are Out of the Reach of All Competition.
THE RUSHFORD WAGON !
and others. Also a Full Stock of
West Side Main Street,
HAI HAI HAI NEW GOODS
Sixty thousand pound of new goods just recived. Pur
chased for cash at the very lowest Chicago prices,
and are now opened by BABCOCK &
MILES for prices never before
witnessed by Livingston patronage.
The Champion Mower
And Bain Wagon !
Excell all other makes for light running and durability, being made especially for
tni8ection of the country. They save horse-flesh, time, wear and tear of harness
conscience andpocketbook. *
NEW GOODS AND NEW PRICES. Our business is now conducted with
one half the expense as formerly and we are giving the patronage the full benefit
by good bargains. Call and see our new and elegant stock and learn onr nr ices
We can save you money.
BABCOCK & MILES.
Carver Mercantile Company's Spring Announcement.
Dry Goods ! Dry Goods !
We have just received the largest and most complete stock
of Dry Goods ever brought into Livingston and are offering
IN THIS DEPARTMENT:
Fine Prints 5c per Yd. Staple Ginghams 10c per Yd
A SPLENDID LINE OF DRESS GINGHAMS.
Great Bargains in White Dress Goods, Lawns and Oink
New Ladies' Cloth,
Ladies' Muslin Underwear
An Elegant Assortment of
Edgings, Insertions and All-Overs.
s m— 5 r*>r—**frx In Great Variety, and we are selling them i
COR £3 CL I O CHICAGO PRICES.
We must make special mention of our Hosiery Department
Fine Ladies' Hose, 2 pair tor 25 cents. Cotton, Bal
briggan and Lisle Thread Hose, in Plain and Fan
cy Stripes, at prices that will surprise you.
OUR BOOT AND SHOE DEPARTMENT.
We have an immense stock of Ladies' Shoes and Slippers, and we are selling
ten per cent lower than any firm in the city. Great Bargains in Men'i
Great Bargains in Men's Fine Shoes. Great Bargains in Boys and Cbildwn
Shoes. We mean business, and will keep to the Front in honest Goods and
Men's Furnishing Goods!
HAYS AND CARS.
We also have the largest and most complete stock in this line ever shown in Li 1
ingston, and we are offering them at prices that will astonish you. Call andi
ns prove our statement.
OUR MAMMOTH STOCK OF
Special Bargains in our Grocery Department. Belle of Jamestown Flour $3.35
Sack. Fargo Best Flour $3.35 per sack. Story's Montana Belle Flour.
CANNED GOODS ! CANNED GOODS !
Our stock of Canned Fruits, Vegetables and Meats were brought in in car lotti
we can undersell any firm in town. 3 pound cans Tomatoes--per case. P
Corn, $3.50 per case. We defy competition in this branch, and will not be
Dry Salt Bacon, 10 cents. Long clear smoked, 10 cents. Choice Ham6, Break! ,
Bacon and Spice Roll.
TEAS, COFFEES AND SPICES.
"Arbuckle Coffee," 6 pounds for $1.00.
DRIED FRUITS :
We make a specialty in this line and we can please the mo6t particular 'Old fi
with Evaporated California Apricots, Pears and Plums, "Oriole" Et
Peaches, Apples and Raspberries.
SAFETY NITRO POWDER :
We are agents for Gallatin County for this celebrated brand of Mining Po*
We are the local agents and jobbers for the Continental Oil Co. Special 1
given to large consumers. Best Oil per gallon 40 cents.
With our large and compiece stock of Goods in c
line, and the advantage of low prices obtained by CL
BUYIXG, and the greater advantage gained by ship?,
our Staples in in car load lots, we can make it an object*
you to come and test our claims. We mean to get y
trade and we shall use every effort to do so, and if Ytf
obtain it we will hold it.
To the public we extend our thanks for their patron
in the past and we hope by careful attention to busin
best quality of goods and "Bed Rock" prices to fl*®* 1 /
continuance of their patronage and to double our tra p
the coming season.
Carver Mercantile Cl
xml | txt