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LIVINGSTON, - MONTANA GEO. H. WEIGHT, - Publisher. SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 1886. Entered at the postoffiee in Livingston, M. T. as second-class mail matter. The senate on Monday confirmed the nominations of Dr. G. W. Monroe to be register of the Bozeman land office, and Abram Hall as receiver of public monies at Miles City. _ The house has passed the senate bill granting the right of way to railroad companies through Indian reservations in northern Montana. The bill now only awaits the signature of the president to become a law, which it will doubtless receive. _____________ It is stated upon the authority of P M. Gallagher, surveyor of the proposed railroad from Billings to Cooke City, that the Clark's Fork canyon, through which the road would pass, is more con spicuous for natural scenery than nat ural railway grades, and that to build a road through it would require the con struction of three bridges and a half mile of tunnels. _ The senate has, bTa two-thirds vote, passed the joint resolution introduced by Mr. Ingalls, providing for the sub mission to the several states of the con stitutional amendment extending the period of the presidential term and the session of the fiftieth congress until the 30th of April, 1889, and substituting the 30th of April for the 4th of March as the commencement in the future of presidential and congressional terms. The senate committee on public lands have amended .Senator Mitchell's pro posed amendment to the bill to repeal the pre-emption, timber culture and desert land laws. It now provides that nothing therein shall be construed as depriving holders of military bounty land warrants, or other land warrants or land scripts, at any time heretofore issued under or in pursuance of the pro visions of any law of the United States, of their right to locate such warrants as scrip on public lands of the United States in the same manner as if this act had not been passed. In this form the committee will receive the amendment. To Restrict Territorial Legislation. Washington special : Mr. Harrison, from the committee on territories, to day reported favorably the house and senate bills prohibiting special legisla tion by the legislatures of territories upon any of the following subjects : Granting divorces; changing the names of persons or places; laying out, open ing, altering and making roads or high ways ; vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, or public grounds; locat ing or changing county seats; regulat ing the justice in courts of justice; reg ulating jurisdiction and duties of jus tices of the peace, police magistrates and constables; providing for changes in venue in civil and criminal cases; in corporating cities, towns or villages; changing or amending the charters of any town, city or village; providing for the election of members of the board of supervisors in townships, incorporated towns or cities; for the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors; for the assess ment and collection of taxes; the open ing and conducting of any election or designated place of voting; the sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or others under disability; the protection of game or fish; chartering or licensing ferries or toll bridges; re mitting fines, penalties or forfeitures; creating, decreasing or increasing fees and percentages on allowances of pub lic officers during the term for which said officers are elected or appointed; changing the law of descent; granting charters to any corporation, association or. individual to lay down railway tracks, or amending existing charters for such purposes; granting to any cor poration, association or individual any special or exclusive privilege or fran chise whatever. In all other cases where a law can be made applicable, no special laws shall be enacted in any of the territories. The provisions of both house and senate bills are incorporated together and cover the above ground. Senator Harrison appends an extended report on the evils of special legislation and furnishes let ters from the governors of several terri tories showing loeal and county indebt edness of an extensive character as one of the bad effects of the liberal passage by territorial legislatures of local law s. The Crows in Montana. Senator Harrison has presented the report of the special committee, con sisting of himself and Senators Ingalls and Jones of Arkansas, on the condition of the Crow Indians of Montana, whom they visited in compliance with instruc tions from the senate in August, 1885. The report states: They went from St. Paul to Montana after their visit to Pierre, and made a thorough examination of the great res ervation of the Crows, containing 4,500, 000 acres, and the condition of the In dians thereon. Game is almost exter minated, and the land, while of good quality, is so situated that without irri gation it affords no aid in the support of the Indians. The committee believe with Agent Armstrong that instead of paying $30,000 per year to these Indians for twenty-five years, it would be much better to increase the amount yearly and reduce the period of payment ; fur ther, that some of this increased amount should be annually expended to secure stock, farming implements and facilities for irrigation for the Indians. The res ervation should also be largely reduced and lands allotted to the Indians in sev eralty. The committee calls attention to the lease made under authority of the interior department, granted August 11,1883, by these Indians, of 3,000,000 acres of land to Blake & Wilson for grazing purposes, at an annual rental of $30,000. The committee state that charges of fraud in the negotiation of w to a $2 the lease w ere made and assert their disapproval of the action of the depart ment in allowing Indians to make any bargains whatever. The committee recommend no special legislation, as there are several bills pending looking to the relief of these Indians, but desire to draw the attention of congress to the condition of these Indians and the ne cessity of early legislation for their re lief. Expelling French Princes. In accordance w r ith the provisions of the bill passed by the French chamber of deputies and adopted by the senate, for the expulsion of the French princes, the government on Wednesday issued a decree expelling them from the country. The order w as complied with the same evening, Prince Napoleon going to Gen eva, and his son, Prince Victor, and fif teen of his most prominent adherents, including the Marquis Valette and Baron Hausmann, started for Brussels. The Count of Paris, his son and suite, started for Tunbridge, England, where they will take up their residence, issue a manifesto protesting against his ex pulsion and outlining the monarchical programme. The royalist press pro nounces the passage of the bill a fore runner of the downfall of the republic. Moderate republican papers generally criticise the measure as unjust. Oppor tunist journals urge the government to disregard the demands of the irrecon cilables and radicals, and they demand a firmer republican policy. An Important Decision. Register Rea, of Bismarck, on Mon day received a decision from Commis sioner Sparks in the John Walton Winona townsite case which makes a radical change in what were supposed to be the rights of the Northern Pacific railroad company to lands located with in the ten miles indemnity grant. The decision holds that because the railroad failed to make the proper selection of its indemnity lands it has no legitimate claims to any land outside the original forty mile grant. This decision practi cally results in throwing open to settle ment all odd sections between the forty and fifty mile grants, involving about 1.100.000 acres of land in Dakota. The decision is important as it will allow those who wish, to rush into the terri tory thus thrown open for settlement. The Crow Grazing Permits. Washington special: The report that Agent Williamson, of the Indian office, has been disregarding the law or his duties by permitting the illegal occupa tion of Indian lands in Montana is doubted by Commissioner Atkins. The department denies, in behalf of its Crow Indian agent, the truth of the assertions relative to the illegal granting of graz ing permits by Williamson, basing this denial upon the thorough knowTedge of his probity and lack of any accurate in formation as to which Crow reservation is used by the stockmen, either with or without permits or under leases granted by the Crows without the government's approval. _ Nova Scotia Bound to Secede. Halifax special: Excitement over the political situation is increasing. The total popular majority for secession from Canada is over 12,000 out of about 60.000 votes polled. The decision is so emphatic that it cannot possibly be mis understood. The successful party will make this a test question at the Domin ion elections, and feel confident of elect ing almost a solid delegation of seces sionists to the Ottawa parliament. Then, after thoroughly ventilating their demands in the federal legislature they will appeal to the imperial government. To Visit the Custer Battlefield. Capt. Godfrey, Lieut. Slocum, Surgeon Porter and other survivors of the ill fated Custer expedion will visit the bat tlefield to-day to properly observe the tenth anniversary of the massacre. The Sioux chief, Gall, now of Standing Rock agency, who was in command of the Indians during the massacre, but has hitherto refused to talk of the details of the fight, accompanied the party and consented to tell just how the massacre occurred, the point of attack and other particulars of the battle. Louis Sitting Bull, son of the old chief, will also be present. __ The Timber Suits in Idaho. Missoula Times: The suits against the Montana Improvement company and the Northern Pacific railroad, insti tuted at Lewiston, Idaho, for an ac counting of timber alleged to have been cut on government land, came up in the United States court last week. The motion of defendants' attorney to quash the summons on the ground that the United States marshal of Idaho had no jurisdiction outside of that territory, was sustained. It is believed this will end all proceedings against the Improve ment company in Idaho. Col. Marshall w ent over to defend the company and arrived borne Sunday. Advice to Settlers. Chronicle: A late letter from the commissioner of the general land office to a settler says: You are advised that a person applying to enter land within railroad indemnity limits and whose ap plication is rejected at the local office on this ground is not required to settle up on and improve the land pending the re sult of an appeal to this office. During the pendency of applications to make homestead entries or pre-emtion filings the applicants sould not make valuable improvements on the land applied for until the right to file for or enter the same has been confirmed by the land de partment. _ _ An Important Victory for Silver. Without division the committee of the whole have incorporated an amend ment in the sundry civil bill requiring the secretary of the treasury to issue certificates of the denomination of $1, $2 and $5 on all surplus silver dollars now in the treasury, in payment of the appropriations made in the bill and other expenditures and obligations of the government. Is It the Lone Lost Monument? Geo. B. Foote of Helena has written a letter to the Independent regarding the peculiar pre-historic monument, the discovery of which was mentioned last week. He says: I am informed that this monument is on or near the main divide or summit, and from its position as described to me must be near the old Flathead trail from Little Blackfoot to Ten Mile. If so, the following facts may be of importance in solving its object: In the years 1742 to 1744 a party under the leadership of Sieur de la Verendeye, crossed from Lake Superior to this vicinity and south to the Snake country. They came by way of Assinaboine and Mouse rivers to the Missouri, up which they came. They arrived in sight of the Rocky Mountains on the first of January, 1743. In the account of said expedition (which is deemed mythical by many) it is said that they first met the Mantancs (Man dans), and next the Brachets, after these were the Gros Ventres, the Crows, the Flatheads, the Blackfeet and Dogfeet, who were established even up to the f alls and that about thirty leagues be yond the rapids they found a narrow' pass in the mountains (Gate of the mountains), on the 12th of January, 1743. They ascended the mountains and went south among the Snakes. From these dates and data it is evident that they passed south by way of the Deer Lodge pass, for had they gone south to the Snake river via the Mis souri river, they would have noted Three Forks. They w'ere prevented from going further south than the Snake country (probably the head waters of Jefferson river) by reason of war be tween the Snakes and Arcs. They must have crossed the mountains, judging from dates and distances, by way of the old Flathead trail which runs up Ten Mile and down the little Blackfoot. On the 12th of May, 1744, they returned to the Missouri river, and when in the Pe tite Cerise (Little Cherry) country, they planted on an eminence a leaden plate of the arms of France and raised a monument of stones, which they called Beauharnois, w ? ho, I believe, was then the French governor of Canada. I think it highly probable that the relic in ques tion will prove to be the one erected by this earliest of explorers of these moun tains. I look for the finding of evidences to prove this, and think that the Histor ical Society should ask for the preserva tion and custody of the find. Should it prove as I have suggested, it will be a confirmation of an almost forgotten page of the history of our mountain land. ___ Missoulian : Legislative candidates are not developing very rapidly, the un certainty caused by the county division question having a somew hat depressing effect. For the council Hon. F. L. Worden has been spoken of for the Re publican nomination, and the present member, Will Kennedy, will probably be a candidate for the same place. On the Democratic side Hon. W. E. Bass and Hon. W. J. McCormick have both been mentioned, but it is doubtful if either will make any canvass for the nomination. For the house, W. M. Bickford is spoken of on the democratic side, while W. H. Straub is said to be willing to carry the republican banner to victory or defeat. Dow r n the road, N. Lynch, Sr., of Horse Plains, and Ashley Cooper, of Thompson Falls, are mentioned by admiring friends. English sparrows have become such a nuisance in New Jersey that they are hunted regularly. The professional hunters usually perform their work at night in the vicinity of hayricks, where sparrows pass the night. The method pursued in catching them, which is call ed bat-fow'ling, requires the presence of four men. One carries a long, heavy stick with which he beats the sides of the rick and starts the game. Another bears a lantern at the end of a long pole toward w'hich the birds fly when dis turbed. The other two hold close to the roosting haunt of the birds a wide mouthed net, into which the sparrow's dash, bewildered by the noise and daz zled by the light. Companies that insure against loss by wind storms are fast organized in the West. One of them has this advertise ment in a Kansas City newspaper: "The black monster of the air has already ap peared in 1886. Take out a Tornado pol icy in the Pioneer Cyclone and Wind Storm Company." Senator Dawes has reported favorably a bill which provides a penalty of $500 and forfeiture of his merchandise against any person other than an Indian who attempts to introduce goods into or live in an Indian country. THE GILT EDGE! WAKELIN & LOMU, Prop'rs. The Choicest Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Mixed Drinks a Special Featvre. Elegant Club Rooms in Connection. MAIN STREET, LIVINGSTON, MONTANA "OTTO'S PLACE," Main Street. Wines, Liquors and Cigars OF THE BEST BRANDS. Club Rooms in Connection. OTTO LENK, Prop. NEW MEAT MARKET, MAIN STREET, HOLLIDAY & RICHARDS, PROPS. A CENERAL SUPPLY OF Fresh and Salt Meats ! --ALWAYS ON HAND. ALSO Game, Poultry, Fish, Butter, Eggs & Vegetables A FINE LINE OFTEAS ALSO IN STOCK. The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited, HOLLIDAY & RICHARDS. JOH3ST H. H-A-rUV-A/r, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Chojce Beef, Mutton, Lamb, Veal, Pork, Ham, Bacon and Corned Beet. Fresh Mountain Trout, Game and Poultry in season. Main Street,__ Livingston, Mont. TREMENDOUS DISCOUNT -ON HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE, Damaged by the Late Fire, -AT GEO. T. CHAMBERS & CO'S. Æany Articles now being sold at a heavy discount, are in reality as good as new, and now is the time to secure rare bargains. CALL AND SEE. GEO. T. CHAMBERS & CO. FISHING A C K l_ E I agSP' OF every description. Trout Flies of all kiad3 and qualities. I keep in stock over 500 different Patterns and can All your order for any standard fly made, at from 50c, 75c, $1, $1.25, $1.50 and $2.50 per doz. Split Bamboo Fly Bods from $10 to $20. I carry a full line of Jointed Wood and BamboolKodî, from 25c up. Solid Lancewood Rods from $3.50 to $8. Cane Poles 25c. Extra Long White Japanese Bamboo Poles 50c. Leaders of all kinds single, double, tribble and twisted3,6 and 9 feet, at from 50c to $12 per doz. Fish Lines of all kinds. Orders filled by Return Mall or Exptees when possible. Rods Repaired, Extra Tips and Rod Material Fnrnished. SHOT GUNS AND RIFLES ! THE MARLIN RIFLES with the improved carrier block are without doubt the best Magazine ______________ Rifle made. The new Carrer Block Rifles you can fill the magazine with dmerent lengths of cartridges, or even empty shells, and it will work them through like a charm, while with the old style block it would be impossible to work cartridges through one-eighth inch shorter than the regular length. Dont let an olu style Kille be sold to you for the new improved. I give prices below for both : ■Hu RMm. 45-85 or 40-60 cal., 28 inch Octagon Barrel, old model $18.25, new $24.00 Stifte». 38-55 or 32-40 cal.. 24 inch Octagon Barrel, old model, $17.00, new *20.00 or Shot Gun Stock, 6ame price. Set Triggers, $4.00 extra. ®ä Winchester Rifles, 45-75, 45-60 or «-60 cal., model 1876. from $15.00 np. Winchester Rifle«, ■«, 38, or 32 cal., Model 1873, from $14.uu up. hot Ghana, from $3.50 up. onhle Barrel Shot Highest Market Price Paid for all kinds of Raw Fora. Beaver $2.60 to $3.30 per lb. Bear—81L ver Tip, Brown or Black, $5 to $25. , W. F. SHEARD, PARK STREET. - - - - ETVINGSTON, MONTANA fy Goods Shipped by Express, C. O. D., subject to examination. Carver Mercantile Company'. Spring Announcement. Dry Goods ! Dry Goods I We have just received the largest and most complete stock I of Dry Goods ever brought into Li\ingston and are offering j EXTRAORDINARY BARGAINS IN THIS DEPARTMENT: Fine Prints 5c per Yd. Staple Ginghams I Oc per Yd A SPLENDID LINE OF DRESS GINGHAMS. Great Bargains in White Dress Goods, Lawns and Crink led Seersuckers. New Cashmeres, New Ladies' Cloth, Ladies' Muslin Underwear.! An Elegant Assortment of Edgings, Insertions and All-Overs. j e —5 In Great Variety, anti we are selling them *t; CHICAGO PRICES. HOSIERY ! HOSIERY ! We must make special mention of our Hosiery Department: Fine Ladies' Hose, 2 pair for 25 cents. Cotton, Bal briggan and Lisle Thread Hose, in Plain and Fan cy Stripes, at prices that will surprise you. OUR BOOT AND SHOE DEPARTMENT. We have an immense stock of Ladies' Shoes anti Slippers, anti we are selling them 1 ten per cent lower than any firm in the city. Great Bargains in Men's Boots.! Great Bargains in Men's Fine Siioes. Great Bargains in Boys and Children'!. Shoes. We mean business, and will keep to the Front in honest Goods and Bot | tom Prices. Men's Furnishing Goods! FLANNEL SHIRTS. HATS AND CAPS. We also have the largest and most complete stock in this line ever shown in Liv- j ingston.and we are offering them at prices that will astonish you. Call and let ft us prove our statement. OUR MAMMOTH STOCK OF GROCERIES Special Bargains in our Grocery Department. Belle of Jamestown Flour $3.33 per Sack, Fargo Best Flour $3.35 per sack. Story's Montana Belle Flour. CANNED GOODS ! CANNED GOODS ! Our stock of Canned Fruits, Vegetables and Meats were brought in in car lots and we can undersell any firm in town. 3 pound cans Tomatoes-per case. Pear! Corn, $3.50 per case. We defy competition in this branch, and will not be un dersold. -MEATS :• Dry Salt Bacon, 10 cents. Long clear smoked, 10 cents. Choice Hams, Breakfast Bacon and Spice Roll. TEAS, COFFEES AND SPICES. "Arbuckle Coffee," 6 pounds for $1.00. DRIED FRUITS : We make a specialty in this line anti we can please the most particular 'Old Timer with Evaporated California Apricots, Pears and Plums, "Oriole" Evaporat« Peaches, Apples and Raspberries. SAFETY NITRO POWDER : We are agents for Gallatin County for this celebrated brand of Mining Powder. KEROSENE OIL! !Y® * r . e î he locaI a S ente and jobbers for the Continental Oil Co. Special i given to large consumers. Best Oil per gallon 40 cents. With our large and complete stock of Goods in ei BT ? vt Nr ^vantage of low prices obtained by CL( ^ c/ i ' . an ? ^e £ rea ter advantage gained by shipf oui staples in in car load lots, we can make it an object you to come and test our claims. We mean to get y rade and we shall use every effort to do so, and if we obtain it we will hold it. . -the-public we extend our thanks for their patron^ e past and we hope by! careful attention to b usiner oest quality of goods and "Bed Kock" prices to merit « con muance of their patronage and to double our trade f° r the coming season. Respectfully, Carver Mercantile Co-