LIVINGSTON. - - MONTANA.
OFFICIAL PAFEB OF PARK COUNTY.
GEO. H. WEIGHT,
SATURDAY, MAY 21, 1887.
Entered at the postofflce in Livingston, M. T.
ne second-class mail matter.
Herr Most, the anarchist, declares
that "Liberty is a lie." He must confess,
however, that imprisonment is a great
truth, for he has tried it in a great vari
ety of jails._
The first number of the Daily Great
Falls Tribune has reached us. It is a
small but neat publication, full of tele
graphic and local news, and, judging
by the first number, we predict for it a
The new county of Park is fully or
ganized and ready for business. It is
compact little county, considered in its
area alone, but rich in natural resources
and we fully expect that a prosperous
and honorable career is before it.—Her
The population of Ireland, which be
tween 1800 and 1840 had risen from fivt
to eight millions, is now less than five
millions, and people cannot wonder at
the non-conducive state of feelings re
garding an enthusiastic Irish celebra
tion of the queen's jubilee. The records
of the world show no such a decrease
of population during a single reign, as
Some of the many heavy expenses
connected with the operation of a great
railroad system, is shown in the follow
ing salaries: President Roberts, of the
Pennsylvania,$35,(XX); President Harris
of the Northern Pacific $25,000: Presi
dent Adams of the Union Pacific, $30,
000; President Strong of the Atchison
Topeka & Santa Fe, .$25,000, and several
others at .$25,000 each per annum.
It is evidently the desire of President
Cleveland to conciliate the boys in blue
W'ho were so incensed by reason of his
veto of the pension bill lately passed by
congress. He gives out that he will
confine his summer trip to a visit to
several national homes for soldiers.
What tears of gratitude will fill the old
veterans' eyes for this eminent distinc
tion, and what will they do in recipro
The Ellensburg Herald makes a few
pointed suggestions to some of its pat
rons in the following style: Those who
write for sample copies w-ill please send
stamps, not for publication, but as an
evidence that they do not take us for a
bald-headed philanthropist with a gold
headed cane and an income of .$700,000
a year, who is printing a paper for
amusement and paying the postage on
it for fun.
i The coal fields of China are five times
more extensive than all those of Europe
combined, while gold, silver, lead, tin,
copper, iron, marble and petroleum are
all found in the greatest abundance, but
owing to the superstitiousness of the
celestials, the mines are not extensively
worked, it being the popular belief that
if they are developed thousands of de
mons and spirits that are imprisoned in
the earth would come forth and fill the
country with war and suffering.
An observing Washingtonian deli
cately remarks: "There,is a suspicious
air about the White House lately, which
some people maintain grows out of the
fact that Mrs. Cleveland is not much
given to social matters just now-. Pres
ident Cleveland wears a perpetual smile
on his face, and occasionally whistles
softly to himself as he gazes wistfully
over the Potomac. Anyway, he exhib
its feelings of pride." Judging from the
above, the irrepressible Lamont will,
ere long, have an increase in his duties
as "secretaire le private."
Gladstone: The institutions and pro
gress of the United States have alw ays
been subjects of great interest to me
ever since, very many years ago, I
studied the life of Washington. I be
came then, first aware of the magnitude
of the destiny reserved for Americans,
and, second, of the fact that the Amer
ican state was of more interest than
any other it was possible to study
Whenever a youth desirous of studying
political life consults me in regard to a
course of study in the field of history,
I alw-ays refer him to the early history
Chronicle: If the citizens of Cooke
as a whole entertain the same sentiments
as "Rose Leaf," who published a col
umn article in the Livingston Enter
prise, w-e advise the building of a barb
wire fence around that camp. We be
lieve that the Rocky Fork railway com
pany wish to build to Cooke, if they are
given half a chance, and we had hoped
that the citizens of that place had
reached that stage of their existence
where they w-ould encourage such an
enterprise, instead of allowing its pro
jectors to be insulted by an inexperi
With reference to the above comment
we will state that the correspondent
did not wish to advise the incorporators
of the projected line, but rather remon
strated against the stringent and un
reasonable terms proposed to the mine
owners for the construction of the line,
viz: to mortgage themselves to the rail
road company for a term of years, from
and after the completion of the road.
We fully concur with the sentiments
expressed by the correspondent, and
think the business element of Cooke
are acting in a judicious manner in de
clining to enter into any such compact
as the one proposed. There are any
number of syndicates who would be
willing to invest their capital in a road
to that point and trust to the business
they would obtain from the mine own
ers, without desiring any such ridicu
lous terms as those proposed by the
Rocky Fork company.
The Quarantine Law.
The proclamation issued from the
executive department on April 28th has
been construed in this manner: "That
persons desiring to ship cattle, horses or
sheep from any of the states therein
named, to points beyond Montana, be
fore passing through the territory must
undergo a quarantine of ninety days
ere they will be allowed to proceed."
This, however, has reference to stock
destined to points in this territory, and
not to that in transit, as was recently
ascertained at Glendive w-here there ar
rived two carloads of high-grade cattle
from Pennsylvania, consigned to parties
in Washington territory. The stock '
question was held in quarantine for a
term of two w-eeks and, upon receipt of
veterinarian's certificate at St. Paul that
the cattle w-ere free from contagion, it
was decided by the railroad company's
attorney that cattle in transit could not
be detained when they were merely
passing through, although they would
be required to pass through as quickly
as possible, and not be allowed to un
load for the purpose of feeding. In ac
cordance with the inter-state law
state or territory can discriminate
against another, and persons desiring
to move stock of any description
through Montana will only require the
certificate mentioned above.
Mortality Amongst Cattle.
The Commercial Bulletin of Boston
has published a special report of the
range and ranch cattle industry wb*ch
being compiled by them, was made
from reports of their special corres
pondents from thirteen states and terri
tories, covering the whole field, and the
conclusion arrived at is that losses hav
been considerably exaggerated. The
only territory w-here cattlemen suffered
severe losses was Montana, where the
mortality proves to have been from 15
to 25 per cent on the average, and on
the whole it is decided that the past
winter was a favorable one to the cattle
interest of the west, and that the hide
and leather markets w-ill not be per
ceptibly affected. That the stockgrow
in g vocation has reached its height
throughout the west is a w-ell known
fact, and those in the business are
strongly advocating the raising of
alfalfa and grass to provide against the
severity of another hard w-inter.
Inter-State Commerce Jottings.
Washington dispatch: The inter-state
commerce commission has received
from a committee on railroads and
transportation of the Prescott, Arizona,
board of trade, a protest against the sus
pension of section 4 and against rail
roads being allow-ed to charge more to
any part of the interior between the
Mississippi and Missouri rivers and the
Pacific coast than they do to the coast.
The protest says: "Wehere in the in
terior have been unmercifully treated
and discriminated against for the last
six years by railroads. For instance,
we have been charged from St. Louis to
Prescott from $700 to $1,300 per car,
w-hile the same kind of goods w-ould go
to San Francisco for from $125 to $250
per car. The distance from St. Louis
to San Francisco via the Atchison, To
peka & Santa Fe railway and the At
lantic & Pacific railroad is about 2,000
miles, and from St. Louis to Prescott is
about 1,700 miles."
The new law has added one dollar per
hundred to all freight received at Buf
falo, Wyoming, and this increase must
necessarily come from the consumer.
Throughout every state and territory
in the Union there are strong objections
against the inter-state law, and no less
than fifteen business failures have been
reported since its enactment.
It is alleged that at St. Louis last
w-eek, thafreight traffic manager of the
Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis road
court with violating the inter-state law
in billing 100 carloads of corn from
East St. Louis to seaboard points w-hen
their real destination was Louisville,
w-as charged in the United States
thus discriminating in favor of the
ow-ner of the corn, and doing so in vio
lation of that section of the law- which
requires public notice when rates are to
The current number of the West
Shore contains many beautiful engrav
ings of scenery in Oregon, Washington,
Idaho, Montana and British Columbia.
Among the leading articles are "Myths
of the Columbia River Indians," "Hy
draulic and Placer Mines," and "Kjok
ken Moddings," an essay on the shell
mounds of the northwest coast. "Mary
Queen of Scots and Robert Burns," is
the title of another of those interesting
rambles through Scotland. It is illus
trated with numerous fine engravings.
This popular western magazine has no
rival in its special work of placing be
fore the people the scenery and litera
ture of the West, and making the world
acquainted with its wonderful resources
and progress. Published by L. Samuel,
Portland, Oregon, at $2.50 per year.
The characteristic sketch of New
York society and of Knickerbocker
families, which Edgar Fawcett is giving
in the story of "Olivia Delaplaine," is
continued and brought down to very
recent years in the June number of The
Chicago Times : A curious geological
phenomenon exists in the vicinity of
Behring's strait. At Elephant point,
Kotzbue sound, a ridge two miles wide
and 250 feet high seems to be a vast
mass of ice, thinly covered with clay and
vegetable mold. In this soil birches,
alder and berry "bearing plants grow
luxuriantly, with the stratum of per
petual ice as the underlying rock with
in less than a foot of their roots.
An English merchant once presented
a $20,000 press to the London Telegraph,
declaring that he had make his fort une
by advertising in that paper and owed
this evidence of gratitude.
Of the Commissioners of Park County
Montana, in Special Session.
Livingston, May 12,1887.
Commissioners met at their office in
special session, pursuant to call of the
chairman published, in the Livingston
Enterprise May 7, 1887. Present:
Commissioners Geo. H. Carver, Geo. M.
Hatch and Benj. F. Myers, County
Clerk E. B. Martin, Sheriff O. P. Tem
pleton; John II. Elder acting as county
Several petitions were presented by
county superintendent, praying for the
establishment of new- school districts,
and change of boundaries of districts.
Not having the plats of the districts,
board was unablel to act intèligently.
All school district matters were laid
over until J une session.
A letter from Geo. O. Eaton of Gardi
ner, requesting that the board make an
appropriation to be expended in repair
ing the bridge across the Yellowstone
river at or near Gardiner, was received.
The clerk was instructed to give road
receipts to supervisor, instructing su
pervisor to collect the tax as provided
by law, and expend such amount on said
bridge as he deemed best.
J. C. Vilas w-as authorized to make
such improvements in probate office as
the judge may think advisable; also,
shelving vault as the county clerk may
suggest, county to pay three-fourths and
Vilas one-fourth of the cost.
The appointment of F. L. Gilchrist as
deputy county clerk and recorder was
ratified. He, as deputy county clerk
and recorder, was authorized to tran
scribe such parts of the record from
Gallatin county, Montana, as was re
quired for use in Park county.
Bond of A. J. Kinney as road super
visor for Shields river was approved.
The following resolutions were adopt
ed: Be it
Resolved, That Geo. II. Carver, as
chairman of the board of county com
missioners, is instructed and authorized
to contract with some other house for
blank book w-ork and records: providing
Journal Publishing company refuse to
sign contract and bond sent to Sanders,
Cullen & Sanders, of Helena, to be ap
proved by said firm.
Resolved, That on the seal of the
board of county commissioners of Park
county, Montana territory, and the clerk
of said county, shall be engraved the
words: "County Clerk and Recorder,
Park county, Montana."
Geo. II. Carver, Chairman.
E. B. Martin, County Clerk.
The New Road.
The Manitoba system, which is now
being constructed through Montana,
stands first in rank among the group of
United States railroads. It has promot
ed the development or the Red River
valley, by providing that locality w-ith
settlers and means of reaching the mar
kets, and of the 50,000,000 bushels of
wheat shipped annually to Dnluth and
Minneapolis, a large portion thereof is
carried by that line. It now operates
1,756 miles of track, and as soon as that
branch west of Minot is finished it will
have a total length of 2,297 miles. It
holds no land grants from the U. S
government but from the state of Min
nesota. Its financial credit is high be
cause the earnings are large and its
fixed charges are light. It is conducted
by president Hill, one of the most effi
cient railway men in the world and as
soon as it reaches the mineral fields of
Montana, the presumption is that it
will materially effect the lines that are
already operating in the territory and
cause them to make a reduction of their
rates in order to compete.
The Cœur d'Alenes.
Stimulated by investments in the
Wardner mining property, the people of
Portland, Oregon, are beginning to
awaken from their deep state of slum
ber, and have appointed a committee to
investigate the Cœur d'Alenes, with a
view to inducing the Union Pacific to
build a branch from Farmington, on
the O. R. & N., to the mines, and the
Oregonian is loud in its publications
regarding the diversion of the trade to
Helena and Puget Sound by the North
ern Pacific railroad company, if imme
diate steps are.not taken to secure it for
The best running time made on the
Northern Pacific between Glendive and
Billings was that made by the special
train last Sunday, consisting of a bag
gage car and one coach. The entire run
over the division, 225 miles, including
eight stops, was made in five hours and
fifty-eight minutes. The train was dé
layai in several instances by cattle, one
head of which was run over. The best
time was made between Custer and
Riverside, eight and a half miles, in
nine minutes. The engine w-hich made
the entire run is known among railroad
men as a "half breed," built at the Port
land, Maine, locomotive works, and is
numbered 366, and run by engineer W
B. Norton, who says he can make the
run in five hours and fifteen minutes,
barring all accidents.
Trouble in Wyoming.
The cattle company have failed to
comply with the proclamation issued
last March by President Cleveland
against the illegal fencing of the public
domain, and absolutely refuse to re
move the environment of their herds
and the general land office has found it
necessary to resort to extreme measures
by demanding of the war department
a troop of cavalry, to move upon the
barb wire fences. The president has
directed the secretary of war to assign
one troop to Cheyenne. They are to act
under the direction of the land officials
and an encounter between the cowboys,
and the government forces is not im
probable if this policy is pursued.
BABCOCK & MILES
Now have in a Car of the Celebrated
And will soon have finest line of
Buggies, Buckboards, Phaetons and
Family Four Spring Wagons,
Ever set up in the Livingston market.
Studebaker Brothers have the reputation of
making the ^ * our west
ble line of
make any purchases until yon see them.
Above cut represents something new and grand— a
wagon our cattle men have wanted for years. Our Cham
pion mowers and twine binders will be with us soon great
ly improved. A full line of hardware, paints, oils, glass,
Buckeye pumps, Charter Oak stoves, Hoosier calf weaners,
plows, harrows, scrapers, etc., always on hand, and being
sold at bottom prices. Orders from the country solicited
and the same will receive prompt attention.
AN IMMENSE STOCK OF
CONSISTING OF ALL THE
Combination Suits, Cable Cord Ginghams, Scotch Zephyrs,
Figured Batiste, Crinkle Seersuckers, Oriental Lace, Dress
Patterns, Embroidered Robes, entirely new style of White
Goods, Black and Colored Silks, Fancy Striped Velvets,
an endless variety of Hosiery, Gloves, Laces, Ribbons, etc.,
and all the nobby styles of Ladies' Collars and Cuffs, the
Spring shades of Veilings, White and Colored Embroider
ies, Fans and the finest lot of Parasols ever shown outside
the large cities, Ladies', Misses' and Children's'Trimmed
and Untrimmed Hats, Infants' Caps, Ladies' Underwear,
new Spring styles of Buttons,
ALL AT VERY LOWEST PRICES!
We are prepared to Offer Great Bargains.
our stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES
is yerv large and complete. The only full line of Men's and Women's Hand
sewed Shoes in the city.
The very Nobbiest Line of
Gentlemen's Hats—-All Entirely New !
Dry Goods Are Cheaper Than Ever !
And buying of us you are sure to get the very latest novelties and at a much
lower price than ever before.
At Wholesale and Retail. Special Prices Made on Large Orders.
Especial Attention Paid to Ranch, Hunters' and Miners' Supplies.
Corner Main and Calendar Streets.
Carver Mercantile Company's!
For the coming SIXTY DAYS we will offer special Bar
gains in every branch of our immense stock of
Seal Caps !
Fine Shoes !
Haugh & Ford's
THE FINEST LINE OF
REMEMBER ! we are offering SPECIAL bargains
in abundance: Albums, Pocket Books, Brush Broom
Holders, Men's Embroidered Slippers, Men's Neck Ties,
Silk Handkerchiefs, Ladies' Fancy Handkerchiefs, in fact
everything that man or woman could wish, you can find in
our complete stock.
Gent's Furnishing Goods & Underwear Marked Down.
As all our patrons know we will NOT BE UNDERSOLD
although all Staple Groceries are advancing, we still con
tinue to sell these goods at old prices.
Our Motto ! QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS
We guarantee the Best Goods and Lowest Possible Prices
of any firm in the city.
PROMPTLY TO ANY PART OF THE CITY
COME IN AND SEE
for yourselves the immense bargains we are offering a 111
we assure you your Christmas will be merry, and yourN e *
Carver Mercantile Co
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