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A Lost Art Found.
The Boston Journal of Commerce has a highly important anil interesting article on the subject of welding cop per which has long been held to l*e im possible by the metal workers of the day, though it is known that the process was fully understood by the ancients. "The successful welding of copper," the Journal says "was one of the lost arts. Scientists have expended millions of dollars in attempts to rediscover the art known to the ancients, but have failed utterly, its discovery being re served to an unpretentious blacksmith Darned James Burns. James Burns was, until very recently a blacksmith in the Alleghenny Valley railroad shops at Vermont, I'a. He believed copper could be welded, snd \\ ith patience and perseverance set himself the task of re discovering the long-lost art, and after eight years of toil and study succeeded in welding together, perfectly, pieces of copper. Elated with success, but care ful to keep his method a secret, Burns announced his discovery and w as laughed at, but when he resorted to hammer, anvil and fire and in less than ten minutes welded together two bars of copper more perfectly than it was possible to weld steel, the doubters be came converts and realized that a dis covery had been made and scarcely sec ond to any made during the present century. Park, .Scott & Co., extensive workers of copper, of Pittsburg, would not believe that copper could be welded, notwithstanding the welded samples were submitted to them, whereupon Burns convinced them by going into their works, and in the presence of Mr. !>cott, the superintendent, and others, successfully welded, with ordinary tools, a number of pieces of copper, making welds so strong by pounding the pure copper together that it is im possible for them to give out as do brazed parts. "Mr. Burns' success is due, says the Industrial Gazette, to a chemical mix ture. or compound, the ingredients of which are kept secret. The mixture is cheap, and very little is necessary in making a weld, the discoverer in his public tests using only a small phial full. The discovery opens up a new field in working; in fact will revolution ize some lines of manufacture. The in ability to weld copper has always been an insurmountable obstacle to the eco nomic use of the metal in many direc tions, making it very expensive, where its use was absolutely necessary, owing to its peculiar qualities. In making copper steam pipes for engines and loco motives they had to be worked up out of the solid raw mass of copper by a sort of boring process, which was ted ious and costly. To make a copper ring for a joint in pipes or cylinders, it had to be cut round out of a square piece of solid plate copper. This causal waste, and the consumer was charged for the whole square. This waste could often Dot be melted over into another plate, because by the present smelting methods the slightest impurity mixing in it will will spoil the whole mass. To repair broken or defective copper pipes, chambers or vessels, brass had to be used, by which in a whole day's labor the piece could be brazed. But should an intense heat ever strike the brazed part afterward, the brass would melt and thus the piece be ruined. Mr. Burns' discovery, however revolutionizes old methods. A straight piece of copper can now be curved into a circle and then welded together in a ring for fit ting over joints, thus saving the waste of cutting it from a square plate. Pipes may be made in the same way, being welded instead of worked out of the solid. Mr. Burns has even made a cop per boiler for a small engine by his welding—something unheard of. In the process of welding the copper is purified, another remarkable feature of the discovery. No impurity mixing in the smelter interferes, and old scraps have been remelted and welded into all sorts of pipes, joints and fittings, by Mr Burns." Ko Room for Riel Refugee». A correspondent k of the Butte Miner writing from Orla, this territory, says an Indian council was held at the Flat head reservation last week, at which the chiefs, headmen and representatives of the Flatheads, Pend d'Oreilles and Kootenais, consisting of the confedera ted tribes who occupy that reserv ation The council was called in order to meet Pierre Busha and listen to the state ments of that half-breed Cree, whom as before stated in a special dispatch, vis ited the reservation to negotiate with the Indians of that favored locality for homes for sixty families of half-breed Créés, the followers of Louis Kiel, the executed chief of the half-breed up rising in the British territory. The Indians listened attentively to the pa thetic story of Riel's lieutenant, who depicted the sufferings, privations and hardships of those exiles of a lost cause in their encampment upon Amer ican soil, where they sought refuge after the execution of their leader. Michael, chief of the Pend d'Oreilles, replied in behalf of the confederated tribes, and informed Busha, that the In dians of the Flathead reservation, how ever much they deplored the misfor tunes of the Créés, could not entertain the proposition of offering them homes upon their reservation, giving among other reasons, that they expected the United .States government would re move the Lower Kalispels and also Chief Charloi's band of Bitter Root Flatheads to this reservation, and it would require plenty of land to furnish homes for those Indians who were of their kin and language. The council ended with good feeling, but the Cree half-breeds were left no hope that they could occupy land upon the Flathead reservation with, the consent of the tribes who live there. is ROYALM m *akiH* POWDER Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A marvel of purity, strength and wholeeomenees. More economical than the ordinary kind«« and cannot be sold in competition with the multitude of low test, short weight alum or phosphate powdere'. >old onlj in cans. ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 10b Wall St.. N. Y. ___ RANCH FOR SALE, With Two-Thirds of Crop. Four Miles from Big Timber. Price, WOO. SIMPSON BROS. tt ho College of MONTANA. i CLASSICAL. SCIENTIFIC. NORMAL. MUSIC & ART. Instruments. Apparatus. Laboratory Furnishings New & Complete. Open to both Sexes on Equal Terms. FOR TERMS, &c., apply to rev. d. j. McMillan, d. d , President of the College, DEER LODGE, Montana. ;3 2 m 33 a STOCK FOR SALE I have for sale near Livingston, Montana, 2 Thoroughbr'cl Hereford Bulls, 2 High Grade Hereford Bulls' v ,|H 2 Grade short horn Bulls, 1 grade Jersey Bull, 7 Cows with young calves, 5 Sad dle horses, 2 Work horses. Those desiring to purchase horses or any kind of cattle, will find it to their interest to come and see me. Ranch and Range on Fleshman Creek, about three miles from Livingston. J. F WILKIN. NEW STORE! NEW GOODS, AND NEW PRICES! I have just received a new stock of goods, consisting of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, Boots, Shoos, Clothing, Hats and Caps, and a full line of LADIES' AXD GENTS' FURXISHIXG GOODS, which will be sold at VERY LOW PRICES. BUTTER AND ECCS ALWAYS WANTED. EST' A portion of your patronage is solicited. Give me a call before purchasing. ALVA MAYNE, Main Street, Livingston. E. GOUGHNOUR, Lumber, Sash, Doors, Blinds, Moulding, Brackets, Pickets, Shingles, Lath, Plaster Paris, Cement, Plaster Hair, Paints. wishes to call the attention of the public to the fact that he has on hand the finest stock of Lumber, Sash, Doors, &c., of any concern in eastern Montana, with increas ed facilities for manufacturing, and a good Planing Mill to do all kinds of Dressing. Can always furnish any and everything needed for building purposes, and for proof of this fact only asks you to come and see him and be convinced. I make a specialty of the Heath & Milligan Paints, warranted— the best prepared paints made. E. GOUGHJSOUK, Second Street, Livingston, Mont. GEORGE W. METCALF, Feed and Sale Stables, CORNER MAIN AND CLARK STREETS. FINEST "TURNOUTS" IN THE CITY, Tourists and Travelers carried to or from the remotest points with safety and dispatcb Horses, Mules, Harness and Wagons bought and sold. Oats and Baled. Hay, Stock boarded by the day or week. Spectal attention given to Gentlemen Drivers Terms as reasonable as any in the city. Call and see us. APOLLO SPRINC BREWERY --AN I Soda & Mineral Water Works ADOLPH LANDT, Proprietor, LIVINGSTON, M. T. Milwaukee Keg Beer per quarter barrel, - Bozeman Keg Beer, per quarter barrel, - Milwaukee Bottled Beer, per dozen...... Bozeman Bottled Beer, per dozen ----- Families will be supplied by leaving ord-re with the driver or at the Brewerr. - $3 50 3 50 - 1 75 1 50 A. LANDT. J. F. LONG, SADDLES AND HARNESS Manufactured to Order. Repairing Neatlv and Promptly Done at Reasonable Prices. A full Stock of SM Sales, Bridles, Claperajos, Bits and SPURS always on hand. The Celebrated Single and Double Rig Visalia Saddle a Specialty. LIVINGSTON. MONT. WM. NELSON, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER. ill Kiels of Repairing Bone Promptly ael Wortaship Guaranteed. Will Manufacture any Small Piece of Jewelry Desired. Give him a call, Main Street, next door to Don ovan's store. 2 6E0. T. CHAMBERS & CO. DEERING ALL-STEEL BINDERS! are the Best and Simplest. THE NEW DEERING & STANDARD MOWERS, Chieftain Hay Rakes, Rushford Farm, Freight and Spring Wagons, are unequalled. Stoves, Barbed Wire, Tents, Wagon Covers, Paints, Oils, Glass, Shelf Hardware, Iron, Steel, Bind ing Twine, &c. Don't fail to see us. BEST GOODS AND LOWEST PRICES. TO THE PUBLIC. I would respectfully announce to the public of Park county that I have put in a branch Harness Shop at Livingston and will carry a large stock of Harness, Saddles, and in fact everything connect ed with this line of business. Besides manufacturing Harness and Saddles for sale I shall conduct a general repair business and do work of all kinds at reasonable prices. Will also handle as specialty the genuine Concord Harness, A share of the public patronage is res pectfully solicited. Shop and store in the old Bank of Livingston building, corner of Main and Calendar streets. E. J. 0WENH0USE. H. L. LOWNDES, DEALER IN 'L, COMMISSION MERCHANT. PROPRIETOR OF The Livingston Meat Market, West Side Main Street. HNÆ. Rotll, WHOLESALE DEALER IN Fine Whiskies and Cigars. McBrayer, Anderson, Old Crow and other First-class Brands KEP T IN S TOCK. SOLE AGENT FOR FALK'S BEER. Agent for Brunswick- Balke-Collinder Company. RANCHMENS' TRADE SOLICITED. Albemarle Block, - - Livingston, Montana. I. Orsohel A Bro.'s Special Announcemeu New Goods ! Low Prices! Wc have just received the Largest Stock of CLOTHING, GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS ! HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, ever ofte.ied in Park County, which we are prepared to sei lower than any other house in Montana. Suits from $5,00 up. Shoes from $2.00 up. æ°CIVE US A CALL..^£3 Pants from $1.00 up. Overalls 75 Cents. I. ORSCHEL & BRO. THE CLOTHING AND LIQUOR MERCHANTS PARK STREET, LIVINGSTON. SPRING ANNOUNCEMENT H. FRANK Has just received direct from the manufacturers the lar gest and best selection of spring and summer clothing ever laid down in Montana. Also a larger stock of gents' furnishing goods, hoot and shoes, and a general stock of merchant tailoring goods direct from the mills, of the latest styles and patterns. -MERCHANT TAILORING-- Our cutting aud fitting department is complete and we will guarantee satisfaction Main Street, - Livingstor NEW MEAT MARKET, MAIN STREET, HOLLIDAY & RICHARDS, PROPS A GENERAL SUPPLY OF FRESH AND SALT MEATS ---ALWAYS ON HAND. ALSO-- Game, Poultry, Fish, Butter, Eggs & Vegetable A FINE LINE OF TEAS ALSO IN STOCK. The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited. HOLLIDAY & RICHARDS PLEASURE RESORT AND HOME FOR THE SICK. HUNTER'S HOT SPRINGS AT MENDENHALL, MONTANA, 2*a miles from Springdale station on the Northern Pacific Railroad, where v l iages will be in attendance at all trains for the transfer of guests. Mails Delivered Twice Daily at the Hotel Office. TOWN LOTS for residence and business purposes for sale. C. B. MENDENHALL. Owner and Proprietor. MULKERN & MURRAY, -DEALERS IN Wines, Liquors and Cigars Pool Parle AND SAMPLE ROOMS ON PARK STREET Frank White's Billiard and Pool Parlor Brick Block under Enterprise office Park. Street. PURE WINES, LIQUORS & CIGAR IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC. JAMES CARROLL, Livery, Feed and Sale FINEST TURN-OUTS IN THE CITY Gentle Saddle Horses for both Ladies and Gents use Horses, Wagons, H' ,r etc., bought and sold. B ALE D H-A-IT, OJl'TS, And chopped'feed of all kinds, always on band at lowest prices. Forty*' of horses, mares and colts for sale. Terms strictly cash. Corner Lewis and Clark Streets, Living^