A Lost Art Found.
The Boston Journal of Commerce
has a highly important anil interesting
article on the subject of welding cop
per which has long been held to l*e im
possible by the metal workers of the
day, though it is known that the process
was fully understood by the ancients.
"The successful welding of copper," the
Journal says "was one of the lost arts.
Scientists have expended millions of
dollars in attempts to rediscover the
art known to the ancients, but have
failed utterly, its discovery being re
served to an unpretentious blacksmith
Darned James Burns. James Burns
was, until very recently a blacksmith
in the Alleghenny Valley railroad shops
at Vermont, I'a. He believed copper
could be welded, snd \\ ith patience and
perseverance set himself the task of re
discovering the long-lost art, and after
eight years of toil and study succeeded
in welding together, perfectly, pieces of
copper. Elated with success, but care
ful to keep his method a secret, Burns
announced his discovery and w as
laughed at, but when he resorted to
hammer, anvil and fire and in less than
ten minutes welded together two bars
of copper more perfectly than it was
possible to weld steel, the doubters be
came converts and realized that a dis
covery had been made and scarcely sec
ond to any made during the present
century. Park, .Scott & Co., extensive
workers of copper, of Pittsburg, would
not believe that copper could be welded,
notwithstanding the welded samples
were submitted to them, whereupon
Burns convinced them by going into
their works, and in the presence of Mr.
!>cott, the superintendent, and others,
successfully welded, with ordinary
tools, a number of pieces of copper,
making welds so strong by pounding
the pure copper together that it is im
possible for them to give out as do
"Mr. Burns' success is due, says the
Industrial Gazette, to a chemical mix
ture. or compound, the ingredients of
which are kept secret. The mixture is
cheap, and very little is necessary in
making a weld, the discoverer in his
public tests using only a small phial
full. The discovery opens up a new
field in working; in fact will revolution
ize some lines of manufacture. The in
ability to weld copper has always been
an insurmountable obstacle to the eco
nomic use of the metal in many direc
tions, making it very expensive, where
its use was absolutely necessary, owing
to its peculiar qualities. In making
copper steam pipes for engines and loco
motives they had to be worked up out
of the solid raw mass of copper by a
sort of boring process, which was ted
ious and costly. To make a copper ring
for a joint in pipes or cylinders, it had
to be cut round out of a square piece
of solid plate copper. This causal
waste, and the consumer was charged
for the whole square. This waste could
often Dot be melted over into another
plate, because by the present smelting
methods the slightest impurity mixing
in it will will spoil the whole mass.
To repair broken or defective copper
pipes, chambers or vessels, brass had to
be used, by which in a whole day's labor
the piece could be brazed. But should
an intense heat ever strike the brazed
part afterward, the brass would melt
and thus the piece be ruined. Mr. Burns'
discovery, however revolutionizes old
methods. A straight piece of copper
can now be curved into a circle and
then welded together in a ring for fit
ting over joints, thus saving the waste
of cutting it from a square plate. Pipes
may be made in the same way, being
welded instead of worked out of the
solid. Mr. Burns has even made a cop
per boiler for a small engine by his
welding—something unheard of. In
the process of welding the copper is
purified, another remarkable feature of
the discovery. No impurity mixing in
the smelter interferes, and old scraps
have been remelted and welded into all
sorts of pipes, joints and fittings, by Mr
Ko Room for Riel Refugee».
A correspondent k of the Butte Miner
writing from Orla, this territory, says
an Indian council was held at the Flat
head reservation last week, at which
the chiefs, headmen and representatives
of the Flatheads, Pend d'Oreilles and
Kootenais, consisting of the confedera
ted tribes who occupy that reserv ation
The council was called in order to meet
Pierre Busha and listen to the state
ments of that half-breed Cree, whom as
before stated in a special dispatch, vis
ited the reservation to negotiate with
the Indians of that favored locality for
homes for sixty families of half-breed
Créés, the followers of Louis Kiel, the
executed chief of the half-breed up
rising in the British territory. The
Indians listened attentively to the pa
thetic story of Riel's lieutenant, who
depicted the sufferings, privations and
hardships of those exiles of a lost
cause in their encampment upon Amer
ican soil, where they sought refuge
after the execution of their leader.
Michael, chief of the Pend d'Oreilles,
replied in behalf of the confederated
tribes, and informed Busha, that the In
dians of the Flathead reservation, how
ever much they deplored the misfor
tunes of the Créés, could not entertain
the proposition of offering them homes
upon their reservation, giving among
other reasons, that they expected the
United .States government would re
move the Lower Kalispels and also
Chief Charloi's band of Bitter Root
Flatheads to this reservation, and it
would require plenty of land to furnish
homes for those Indians who were of
their kin and language. The council
ended with good feeling, but the Cree
half-breeds were left no hope that they
could occupy land upon the Flathead
reservation with, the consent of the
tribes who live there.
This powder never varies. A marvel of purity,
strength and wholeeomenees. More economical
than the ordinary kind«« and cannot be sold in
competition with the multitude of low test, short
weight alum or phosphate powdere'. >old onlj
in cans. ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 10b
Wall St.. N. Y. ___
RANCH FOR SALE,
With Two-Thirds of Crop.
Four Miles from Big Timber. Price, WOO.
ho College of MONTANA.
MUSIC & ART.
New & Complete.
Open to both Sexes on Equal Terms.
FOR TERMS, &c., apply to
rev. d. j. McMillan, d. d ,
President of the College,
DEER LODGE, Montana.
STOCK FOR SALE
I have for sale near Livingston, Montana,
2 High Grade
Hereford Bulls' v ,|H
2 Grade short
1 grade Jersey
Bull, 7 Cows
calves, 5 Sad
dle horses, 2
Those desiring to purchase horses or any kind of cattle,
will find it to their interest to come and see me. Ranch
and Range on Fleshman Creek, about three miles from
J. F WILKIN.
NEW STORE! NEW GOODS, AND NEW PRICES!
I have just received a new stock of goods, consisting of
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
Boots, Shoos, Clothing, Hats and Caps,
and a full line of LADIES' AXD GENTS' FURXISHIXG GOODS, which will
be sold at VERY LOW PRICES.
BUTTER AND ECCS ALWAYS WANTED.
EST' A portion of your patronage is solicited. Give me a call before purchasing.
Main Street, Livingston.
wishes to call the attention of the public
to the fact that he has on hand the finest
stock of Lumber, Sash, Doors, &c., of any
concern in eastern Montana, with increas
ed facilities for manufacturing, and a good
Planing Mill to do all kinds of Dressing.
Can always furnish any and everything
needed for building purposes, and for
proof of this fact only asks you to come
and see him and be convinced. I make a
specialty of the Heath & Milligan Paints,
warranted— the best prepared paints
made. E. GOUGHJSOUK,
Second Street, Livingston, Mont.
GEORGE W. METCALF,
Feed and Sale Stables,
CORNER MAIN AND CLARK STREETS.
FINEST "TURNOUTS" IN THE CITY,
Tourists and Travelers carried to or from the remotest points with safety and dispatcb
Horses, Mules, Harness and Wagons bought and sold.
Oats and Baled. Hay,
Stock boarded by the day or week. Spectal attention given to Gentlemen Drivers
Terms as reasonable as any in the city. Call and see us.
APOLLO SPRINC BREWERY
Soda & Mineral Water Works
ADOLPH LANDT, Proprietor,
LIVINGSTON, M. T.
Milwaukee Keg Beer per quarter barrel, -
Bozeman Keg Beer, per quarter barrel, -
Milwaukee Bottled Beer, per dozen......
Bozeman Bottled Beer, per dozen -----
Families will be supplied by leaving ord-re with the driver or at the Brewerr.
- $3 50
- 1 75
J. F. LONG,
SADDLES AND HARNESS
Manufactured to Order.
Repairing Neatlv and Promptly Done
at Reasonable Prices.
A full Stock of
SM Sales, Bridles, Claperajos, Bits
and SPURS always on hand.
The Celebrated Single and Double
Rig Visalia Saddle a Specialty.
ill Kiels of Repairing Bone Promptly
ael Wortaship Guaranteed.
Will Manufacture any Small Piece
of Jewelry Desired.
Give him a call, Main Street, next door to Don
6E0. T. CHAMBERS & CO.
are the Best and Simplest.
THE NEW DEERING & STANDARD
Chieftain Hay Rakes, Rushford Farm, Freight
and Spring Wagons, are unequalled. Stoves,
Barbed Wire, Tents, Wagon Covers, Paints,
Oils, Glass, Shelf Hardware, Iron, Steel, Bind
ing Twine, &c. Don't fail to see us.
BEST GOODS AND LOWEST PRICES.
TO THE PUBLIC.
I would respectfully announce to the
public of Park county that I have put
in a branch Harness Shop at Livingston
and will carry a large stock of Harness,
Saddles, and in fact everything connect
ed with this line of business. Besides
manufacturing Harness and Saddles for
sale I shall conduct a general repair
business and do work of all kinds at
reasonable prices. Will also handle as
specialty the genuine Concord Harness,
A share of the public patronage is res
pectfully solicited. Shop and store in
the old Bank of Livingston building,
corner of Main and Calendar streets.
E. J. 0WENH0USE.
H. L. LOWNDES,
The Livingston Meat Market,
West Side Main Street.
WHOLESALE DEALER IN
Fine Whiskies and Cigars.
McBrayer, Anderson, Old Crow and other First-class Brands
KEP T IN S TOCK.
SOLE AGENT FOR FALK'S BEER.
Agent for Brunswick- Balke-Collinder Company.
RANCHMENS' TRADE SOLICITED.
Albemarle Block, - - Livingston, Montana.
I. Orsohel A Bro.'s Special Announcemeu
New Goods ! Low Prices!
Wc have just received the Largest Stock of
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS !
HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES,
ever ofte.ied in Park County, which we are prepared to sei
lower than any other house in Montana.
Suits from $5,00 up.
Shoes from $2.00 up.
æ°CIVE US A CALL..^£3
Pants from $1.00 up.
Overalls 75 Cents.
I. ORSCHEL & BRO.
THE CLOTHING AND LIQUOR MERCHANTS
PARK STREET, LIVINGSTON.
Has just received direct from the manufacturers the lar
gest and best selection of spring and summer clothing
ever laid down in Montana.
Also a larger stock of gents' furnishing goods, hoot
and shoes, and a general stock of merchant tailoring goods
direct from the mills, of the latest styles and patterns.
Our cutting aud fitting department is complete and we will guarantee satisfaction
Main Street, - Livingstor
NEW MEAT MARKET,
HOLLIDAY & RICHARDS, PROPS
A GENERAL SUPPLY OF
FRESH AND SALT MEATS
---ALWAYS ON HAND. ALSO--
Game, Poultry, Fish, Butter, Eggs & Vegetable
A FINE LINE OF TEAS ALSO IN STOCK.
The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited.
HOLLIDAY & RICHARDS
AND HOME FOR THE SICK.
HUNTER'S HOT SPRINGS
AT MENDENHALL, MONTANA,
2*a miles from Springdale station on the Northern Pacific Railroad, where v
l iages will be in attendance at all trains for the transfer of guests.
Mails Delivered Twice Daily at the Hotel Office.
for residence and business purposes for sale.
C. B. MENDENHALL. Owner and Proprietor.
MULKERN & MURRAY,
Wines, Liquors and Cigars
AND SAMPLE ROOMS ON PARK STREET
Billiard and Pool Parlor
Brick Block under Enterprise office
PURE WINES, LIQUORS & CIGAR
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC.
Livery, Feed and Sale
FINEST TURN-OUTS IN THE CITY
Gentle Saddle Horses for both Ladies and Gents use Horses, Wagons, H' ,r
etc., bought and sold.
B ALE D H-A-IT, OJl'TS,
And chopped'feed of all kinds, always on band at lowest prices. Forty*'
of horses, mares and colts for sale. Terms strictly cash.
Corner Lewis and Clark Streets, Living^
xml | txt