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LIVINGSTON. - MONTANA. OFFICIAL PAPER OF PARK COUNTY. 6E0. H. WRIGHT, - - - Editor and Proprietor. J. S. STUFF, Associate Editor. SATURDAY. MAY 26, 1888. Entered at the pogtofflce in Livingston, M. T. as second-class mail matter. The house Indian committee has re ported favorably Delegate Toole's bill for the sale of certain lands patented to the Flathead Indians. The lands are located in the Bitter Boot valley. The establishment of a pigeon mes sage service in connection with the sig nal office at Key West, Florida, is an nounced. An order has been promul gated by General Greeley for the neces sary loft fixtures and training baskets. It is proposed to employ 500 pigeons in the service. The object is to bring the adjacent Bahamas into communication with Key West, and thus by cable with the main land. The local option law in Michigan has been declared unconstitutional by the supreme court of that state. The court holds the law unconstitutional, on the ground that it is in direct violation of the constitution, which provides that no law shall embrace more than one ob ject, which shall be embodied in its title. The local option law is entitled "An act to regulate the manufacture and sale of liquor," which is not the object for which the law' was enacted. The recent number of the Helena .Sunday Record containing a portrait of the late J. E. Hendry, with a brief bio graphical sketch of the deceased, met with a demand that soon exhausted the edition and many applications for cop ies were necessarily refused. The pub lishers announce, however, that it is their intention to re-produce the same, together with an eulogy on the deceased, in the number preceding the date of the meeting of the Montana Press associa tion. Senator Blair's Sunday bill must have been a direct thrust at the Methodist brethren who, during the session of gen eral conference, printed a daily issue of the Christian Advocate, Sunday not ex cepted. This would certainly come within the provisions of the bill which prohibits, in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States,all secular w'ork on Sunday, except w orks of necessity, mercy and humanity. The bill applies to corporations as w ell as persons, and among other things pro hibits mail transportation and inter state commerce on Sunday. The secretary of the interior has ren dered an important decision in the tim lier culture contest case of James Lind erman, of the Tracy land district,against Amelia Wait, on appeal from the decis ion of the commissioner of the general land office. The timber culture act of June 14,1878, requires the entryman to plant and keep in grow ing condition for eight years two and a half acres of tim l>er on each forty acres of land entered The evidence in the case shows that eighty acres were entered and less than three acres of trees had been planted. The secretary grants the defendant thirty days in which to amend her en try for the remaining forty acres to stand. Under former rulings the whole entry w'ould have been cancelled. The method of handling the product of the Castle mines by the owners of property in that district is a step in the right direction. They propose to lose no time in developing their mines and will freight the output to Livingston for shipment to reduction works. Xo better inducement can be offered to se cure desired railroad transportation than to demonstrate that sufficient ton nage exists to maintain such railroad when constructed. The incorporators of the Livingston & Castle railroad only aw r ait sufficient development of these mines to assure a permanent busi ness before beginning the work of con struction, and there is little reason to doubt that this well-directed effort on the part of the mine ow ners wili result in its completion before the end of the present season. It is again declared by the Helena press that the location of the smelter near Helena is an assured fact. The reiteration of this statement will not affect the decision of the originators of this proposed enterprise in selecting a suitable location for reduction w'orks. Neither will it change the existing fact that Livingston offers advantages supe rior to any other point in Montana for the location of reduction w'orks—ad vantages that would result in the sav ing of many thousands of dollars annu ally in the operation of such a plant. This is a matter that will be considered by the stockholders, and is of much greater importance to them than the booming of the real estate market at the territorial capital. When a smelter site is decided upon its location will be determined by those inducements cal culated to secure the best returns upon the investment. It is therefore "an as sured fact" that Livingston's claims will not be disregarded by the syndicate having this enterprise in contempla tion. of of 60 to (five the that tice for If The senate bill granting right of w'ay through the Crow' Indian reservation to the Billings, Clarks Fork & Cooke City railroad passed the house Monday. It was justly opposed by Delegate Toole,| who argued for a delay of action for thirty days to permit the Rocky Fork company to complete negotiations for necessary bonds to carry on its work of construction. The difficulty which has been experienced in floating bonds to build a road to the Rock Creek coal are ing ried, their the W'ith easily and itant tralia exists. ter cutter is cut. three T. re bill to are an in the mines can only be augmented by a rival in the field with the same object in view. What the people demand is the construction of a railroad to these coal fields, and, aside from those directly in terested in this last scheme, they are not slow to see that the granting of a right of way to a rival company at this time will retard the accomplishment of this object and defer it for an indefinite pe riod. Xo one believes that the Billings, Clarks Fork & Cooke City road will be built further than Bock Creek in any event, and "the people of the whole of eastern Montana" who "hail with the utmost satisfaction the news of the pas sage of the bill granting it right of way" are confined to those interested in a rival coal company or a small coterie of followers at Billiners. on of of is Important Laud Oflice Ruling:. The following is a recent ruling of the general land office and will be of in terest to those intending to prove up on their lands: Department of the Interior, General Land Office, Washington, D. C., .May 3,1888. Registers and Receivers U. S. Land Of fices: Gentlemen:—Your attention is called to the language used in office letter of March 30, 1886, addressed to the local of ficers at Benson, Minn., (.See 12 Copp, page 18,) viz: "It seems to be the common practice at your office to permit homestead par ties to rile notice of intention to make final proof upon their entries, and make publication of the same, naming the clerk of the county in the county in which the land is situated as the person before whom the proof will be made. "The law' (act of March 3, 1877,1!) Stat. 403,) provides that homestead final proof 'may be made before the judge, or in his absence, before the clerk of any court of record of the county,' etc. There is therefore no authority for naming the clerk of a court, in such cases, as the person before whom the party intends to make the final proof, because that officer has no legal author ity to take the testimony unless the judge be absent. "The notices of intention in all such cases should state that the proof will be made 'before the judge, or in his absence, before the clerk,' naming the court. The names of the judge and clerk need not be mentioned in the notice. In all cases where the final proof shall have been made before the clerk of a court, you will see that a certificate of the of ficer is attached to the proof paper showing that the judge of said court was absent when the final proof was made; and should such certificate not be attached to such papers when re ceived by you, you w ill return the pa pers to the clerk for correction in that respect and request him to again for ward the papers to you with as little delay as possible." You will probably find it advantage ous to yourselves and of benefit to claim ants to send copies of this letter to judges of probate and clerks of court of record in district. of to for to of se judges of probate and clerks of court of record in your district. Also to that of letter "C," of July 11, 1887, addressed to the local officers at Huron, D. T., viz: "In the final proof of George Vind hurst, timber culture entry Xo. 12,126, Dec. 10,1886, commuting homestead en try Xo. 7,247, Feb. 27, 1884, on the south east quarter of section 24, township 120 north, range 67 west, the published no tice states that 'said proof will be made before the judge of the district court of Faulk county, D. T., or in his absence before the clerk of said court,' etc. This wording is used in a great many cases of commuted homestead proof and is incorrect, as proof in commuted home stead and pre-emption entries cannot be made before the judge of the district court. It is only final (five year) home stead proof that can be made before such officer under existing law. "Your attention is called to the acts of March 3,1887, and June 9,1880,pages 60 and 61, general circular of the gen eral land office issued March 1,1884, also to the circular from the general land of fice of March 30,1886, a copy of which letter is herewith enclosed." Y ou are hereby directed to have the published notice of final proof to con form to the acts and circulars above cited. Also to letter "C," of Feb. 29,1883, ad dressed to the same office, viz: Referring to the receiver's letter of Feb. 16,1888, stating that w'hen applica tions to make proof are presented at your office there is nothing to show' whether the party expects to make pre emption, commuted or final homestead (five year) proof, and consequently the notice of intention to make proof in pre emption cases sometimes reads 'before the judge.' You are expected to see that the claimants give the desired in formation, or, at any rate, before the no tice is ordered printed you must know for w hat kind of proof it is to be issued If the blanks are defective you must change them to suit the emergency." Sheep Shearing by Steam. Australia being a colony where sheep are grown by millions and sheep-shear ing being a business that has to be hur ried, the good shearers have pretty much their own way, or have had, for now the inventive genius of some suffering sheep-owner has proved equal to the occasion and has produced a machine W'ith which sheep can be sheared as easily as a mower goes over a meadow and cute down hay. The day of exorb itant wages for sheep-shearing in Aus tralia is over, and the danger of strikes during sheep-shearing time no longer exists. The invention is the w'ork of a sheep-owner, who has completed it af ter ten years of study. It is a simple machine, on the principle of the moving cutter of a mower or reaper. A comb is shoved along the skin and the fleece cut. This comb is a segment of a circle three inches in diameter, with cone rival in the coal in not time this pe be any of the pas of in of in on Of of of the in or for be all shaped teeth. It can be operated by any farm hand. This machine is driven by a stationary engine or horse-power Steam is preferable, as the more steady to work. With power enough fur nished, a dozen cutters shoidd work from a single engine. The New Mining Lair. The bill introduced by Senator Stew art of Nevada, and which has passed both houses, makes some material chan ges in the mining laws, of the benefits of which there is a diversity of opinion. Among the changes made are the fol lowing: The amount of work necessary to hold a placer claim is reduced from $100 per annum to $50 and limits the amount of placer ground that may be included in a patent to 160 acres. It fixes 12 o'clock noon on the 1st day of August as the commencement and end of the year for annual work, instead of the 31st of De cember, as now fixed by law'. This change was made to allow' re-locations to be made in day light and in the sum mer time, when the mountains are free from snow'. This will please miners everywhere. It requires, when annual work is pei form-nV Hie filing of an affidavit show ing ti e work performed in the county recorder's office of the county in which the mine is situated. It allows the af fidavits w'hich are required to be made under the mining law to be sw'orn to before any officer authorized to admin ister oaths in any state or territory in the United States. It reserves the right of way through or over any mining claim for roads, ditches, canals, cuts and tunnels for the purpose of working other mines, as now provided by law, and provides that any damages occa sioned thereby to the mine owner shall be assessed and paid in the manner pro vided by law for the condemnation of private property for public use in the states and territories in which the mines are situated. The most important provision is that which says that no person shall acquire by location or possession more than one mining claim on the same vein, nor shall any person re-locate a claim w hich he has previously located. This is to prevent repeated locations of the same claim by the same person to evade the provision requiring annual w'ork. The restriction to one claim on the same lode is really w T hat the original law' meant, but it has been construed otherwise and this declaration makes its meaning cer I paper court was not re pa that for little to of 11, at en 120 no of is of the of at tain. A writer in the Philadelphia Railroad Record says of us: Montana is the rich est territory in the union in natural re-1 sources, particularly in gold, silver, cop per, lead, and, we might add, coal and iron, which furnish the basis of so much wealth and which go so far toward making a country great and prosperous. Montana does not need the machinery of exaggeration employed by the mod ern boomer to call attention to her ad vantage**. The beautiful scenery, healthful climate, inexhaustible mines of gold and silver, forests of timber and fertile velleys need only to be known and understood to draw within her bor ders people seeking employment and homes, business men, manufacturers and capitalists desiring to make invest ments. Miner: The action of the house on Tuesday on the Billings, Rocky Fork & Cooke City sham was in the interest of a blackmailing scheme in which there is no merit, and we are very sorry that the scheme should have even a seconda ry consideration, for its only ultimate result is to make the owners of the Red Lodge coal mine, who are the original owners thereof, pay a bonus to Simes and his co-schemers for an interest in the mines in controversy. Successful Tiger Hunting. The Marquis de Mores, who has been hunting tigers all winter, is on his way back from India to this country. In a letter he states that he will sail from Cal cutta on April 27, and expects to arrive here about the middle of J une. At the time of writing he said that he had just got back from a hunt in Napaul. He w r as accompanied by hi ; wife and the Due d'Orleans, and a few othei scions of European nobility. The party killed tw'enty-one tigers. J. F. LONG, —Manufacturer of SADDLES AND HARNESS Repairing Neatlv and Promptly Done at Reasonable Prices. A full Stock of Stock Saddles, Bridles, Clajerajos, Bits and SPURS always on hand. Belts sad Pistil Nailers la Stock aid Made ta Order. LIVINGSTON , MONT. by fur fol per of in the for De af to in of the ROY •SOLUTILVCS POWDER Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A marvel of purity, strength and whoiesomeness. More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the multitude of low test, short weight alum or phosphate powders. Sold only in cans. ROYAL BAKING POWDER GO., 100 Wall St. N. Y. Children Cry for PITCHER'S mom Health and Sleep without Morphine. "Oastoria is so well adapted to children that I recommend it as superior to any prescription known to me." H. A. Akcukr, M. D. 83 Portland \ve., Brooklyn, N. V . "I use Castoria in my practice, and find it specially adapted to affections of children. Alex. Robertson, M. D., 1057 3d Ave., New York. The G entait is Co., 183 Fulton St., N. Y. ALBEMARLE Sample Room, MAIN STREET. Handsomely Equipped with BILLIARD AND POOL TABLES, CLUB ROOMS, ETC. re-1 Elegant Bar and Fixtures, supplied with the Best WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS, both Imported and Domestic SHELF GOODS A SPECIALTY. GtlitnmmMaaiK WINDSORRESTAURANT, Livingston Mont. W . F . KIRBY, Proprietor. Rates—$1.25 per day : Meals. 35,cents. Board and Lodging by the week $6.50: Board or Meal Tickets, §3.00. ALSO PROPRIETOR OF TnE HALF WAT HOUSE I | at Myersburg on the Castle Mountain Road Dinner Station for the Castle Stage, HOTEL, POSTOFFICE and STORE. Keep a stock of General Merchandise, Cigars asd Tobacco. Also Feed and stabling at Reason able prices. I | in W. F. SHEARD, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in mi | a I the He [ AND ALL KINDS OF SPORTING GOODS. The Largest and Finest stock of FishingTaclfle, Hunters' and Trappers' Outfits! in the West. Prices quoted on application. RAW Exporter and Dealer in And all kinds of GAME HEADS. FUK, HIDES Send for Price List. «ton have been appointed by Baker & Hamilton, of California, Montana A-entforl BURGON & BALL SHEEP SHEARS ! regular prices. All orders sent to I Can supply them in any quantity at their them from Montana wili be referred to me. Park St., Livingston, M. T. Reference: National Park Bank. I Correspondence Solicited. Ç E. J. OWENHOUSE, Manufacturer of and Dealer in ' HARNESS, WHIPS, Ghapajoros, Etc., Etc. SADDLES, Bridles, Bits, and Spurs. Repairing Promptly Attended to at Reasonable Prices Corner Mainland Calendar Street*, LIVINGSTON, If. T purity, in short only 100 that V . it York. LEGAL BLANKS. TnE Enterprise Office now has on hand ail of the following Blanks at the prices quoted, 75 Cts. per Doz., or 50c Half Doz: Liens, Ranch Claims, Warrantee Deeds, Deeds of Mining Claims, W'ater Right Declarations, Extension of Chattel Mortgage, -, Notice of Mining Location, Quit Claim Deeds, Chattel Mortgages, and Mortgages. Affidavit of Reresentation of Quartz Lode. Leases. Notes , „„ Satisfaction of Mortgage at 50 cents per dozen or 30 cents per half dozen. Also, a full line of Probate Blanks. Any Blanks not kept in stock will be printed and supplied on short notice when ordered. £g~Mail Orders promptly attended to. GEO. H. WRIGHT. JOHN O. SAX, NEWS AND FRUIT DEALER, AND CONFECTIONER. The latest eastern Dailies. Illustrated Journ Is and Magazines always on hand. MAIN STREET. GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY. Murray's Specific. lorvous ,'steri'a, Trade Mark. A guaranteed cure for all nerv ■ - diseases, such as Weak Memory, Loss of Brain Power, Hysteria, Headache, Pain in the Back, Ner vous Prostration, Wakefulness, Leucorrlm-a, Universal Lassitude, Seminal Weakness, Ini potency and and general loss of power of the Generative organs in either sex, M — caused by indiscretion or over ex bjlm Tablno- ertion, and which ultimately lead Before luting. ^ premature old age, Insanity a and Consumption. $1.00 a box or six boxes for $5.00. Sent by m ail on receipt of price. Full particu lars in pamphlet, sent free to every applicant. Trade Mark. We Guarantee Six Boxes to cure any case. For every $5.00 order received we send six boxes, with a written guarantee to refund L— the money if our Specific does not After Taking, effect a cure. vddrcssall communications to the Sole Mann-1 facturer», THE MURRAY MEDICINE CO. Kansas City, Mo. Sold in Livingston by C. W. Savaoe. sole agent. A. B. LIND, :t< Estimates furnished on all kinds of work. Brick work a specialty. Manufacture Brick, and will contract to supply ; quantity to suit purchasers, cr will lay them in wall as may be tlesii e.l. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. Best and For First-Class fori or Âuytùing in tie Jewelry Line Go or Send to W. P- MULHOLLAND City Jewelry Store. Livingston, M, T. 43 lU.-!* ail „„ THOMPSON BROS New Goods! We have opened the Season's business on a basis of Verv Low Prices, with every facility for maintaining the same and showing the latest and best produc tions as presented in the market. We have all the latest Xoyelties in W ASH GOODS! Plain and Tufted Ginghams, Toile du Kords, Seersuckers Percales and Batistes. New and Elegant White Goods ! , T Swiss, Kansooks, Yietora Lawn, 150 pieces oi new Ilai n | burghs—a big drive. Kew patterns in Table Linens, Napkins, Dinner Table Sets, Oriental Laces and Flouncing of every description, all sold very much lower than ever before. Ner and the sex, ex lead OUR DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT Comprises the celebrated Mann-1 I Jamestown Wors-ed Goods, Henrietta Cloth, Spring shades Flannels, Etc. A füll line of Braided, and Beaded Sets. A new assortment of Silk, Shetland, Cashmere Shawls and Wraps, Brick | An extensive line of Ladies' and Misses' Muslins ! Under garments, novelties in knit under wear, Hosiery Bed Spreads, Corsets, Kid Gloves, Silk and Lace Gloves and Mitts, tie | T. Tnnunefl W'e have also added manv new goods to our extensive stock of Boots and Shoes And can tit any foot of the smallest Baby to the St. Louis Belle. Gentlemen who appreciate a goo Shoe for wear and lit, should not fail to look over our stock of Eastwood Shoes, in hand eewed«ad Goodier welts. The finest Line of Cow Boy Mats in the City ! Soft and Stiff Hats, Engineer's Caps, And a full line of Linen, Flanel and Straw Hats and Caps in great variety. We make a specialty of Gloves of all the new patterns and best makes. OUR STOCK OF IS NEW AND COMPLETE. A new stock of California Cassimeres just received. Tfa are agents for one of the best merchant tailors and can guarantee a perfect fit and at a reasonable price. We will guarantee the lowest possible prices on FURNISHING GOODS. Our stock is complete and second to none in town« A New Stock of WHITE AND IP ANC Y SHIRTS, COTTON, LISLE AND WOOLEN UNDERWEAR Hose, and an immense stock of Summer X eckwear. I -OUR STOCK OF-- GROCERIES! is immense and we will quote prices with any concern i' 1 Eastern Montana. We are agents still for the cele n. brated roller process CDTJI1ÆJM2C' FTjQIXR, *uul the best brands of Montana Flonr, every saçk of which is warranted. We sell ft ELAINE" OIL, by the barrel, case or gallon. This is the best oil Family Safeguard." are a lways pleased to see our eustomciML merchandise given in exchange for Butter, Eggs aW ' kinds of produce. THOMPSON BROS. Corner Main and Calendar Sts., - LIVINGSTON, T '