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-tratiou law tor M ontaij*» J^and statesman-diip well master the qu arrange the details of such a Ml N. Uh- ut 1 urther suction : an l a meas urc of tL:is if*d t/> applv to tti pK>pu. < i fourni t<> be the strong e9 i safeguard Vgainst the enemy to arid fair elections. it is sawl "penal ilVfiual t > prevent bribery, lntiuu- fraud," and that "the primary m«1y is the s-cr-t ballot." I have had r- n-iun to ivstow some study upon the so- d Australian system of voting, -fitly >een adopted in the kind condition* this territi are in* daii-ui am free laws can has re which u ....... _ state of Massachusetts, and wî-nt into effect in that s» \te a' the beginning of tliis year. It has has been tried, too, in the govern- ments o' England, Scotland, Ireland ami Canada, and bad the favor of those coun- tries There certainly are some wise lea tures amt effectual safeguards against in- timidation and Bribery in this system, y s*« s-«.-» - « some of which, if not all, might Oe u ' a(1 '' useful in thi-territory. ATTORNEY GENERAL. At the extra session of the last legisla tive assemhly, held ill .September, lHhl, a law was passed exempting the couuty a torneys from appearing as counsel tor toe territory in the supreme court, ana re pealing the law in that regard, t he 1)1,1 so pas ed, created the office of attorney general for the territory, and prescribed tlie du'ies assigned him It also provided tna' the governor should nominate and ap p. int n^ ami with the advice and consent of tbe council. The governor made a noini ua'ion for that offi •« in pursuance to the provisions of the law, and the same rejected by a majority of the cou ^ci that body adjourned leaving the " they had created vacant of the supreme court and was and »fficethat The first term after the adjourn ment of said extra session of the legisla ture was in the early days of January, 1888. The public interest demanded that there sh mid be an attorney general (since the county attorneys were exempted) to look after and attend to the business of the territory pending in that court, and likely to occur in the after terms of the court. Because of such necessity, Hon. William E Cullen, a gentleman and lawyer of distinguished and known ability, residing in the city <>t Hel ena was appointed on the 81st day of De cember, 1887. and commissioned hy the governor to iil! and discharge the duties of that « »ice tor ihe time, and until the last day of this regular session of the legisla tive assembly, tor the territory of Montana. He accepted the appointment, and has most faithfully met and performed all the duties of the office. There is a statute in this territory enacted February, IKiH, which foibids the payment of any salary or compensation to any pub lic officer appointed by r the gover nor till his appointment is approved there after by the legislative council, provided the vacancy in office, to fill which such ap pointment is made, existed at the ad journment of the legislative assembly pre ceding such appointment. Untier the frowns and remonstrating voice of that, law the attorney-general has been kept out of any pay for his valuable services to the public, and bas never received anything I recommend that you at once provide for the payment of his salary'. Surely there is no man in Montana ready to refuse this just and long delayed claim. The attor ney general has made a detailed report to the governor, showing his services ren dered, and his careful and laborious exam ination of the statutes of this territory, and subjoining some wise suggestions, which 1 submit for your consideration. CODIFICATION OF THE LAW. I ask your earliest attention to the un satisfactory condition of the statute law; to the fact that in many particulars it is not up to the standard of progress which char acterizes the policy and jurisprudence of the most advanced and enlightened states; and to its manifold inconsistencies and un certainties. The injunction to "know the law" should succeed intelligent enactr ments. and not be made b< fore them; and the time is come for you to adopt a plan so to r. vise the law of its existing confusion, and to fix its rules, that the people who are expected to obey them may know them. It has been found possible by experience to codify the rules of the common law and to reduce then to the form or the statute. David Dudley Field, whose able and per sistent efforts were begun in 1889, is en titled to the credit for the first of such pos sibilities, and the legislatures of California and Dakota to the other; while New York has only been prevented from adopting the full results of her several code commissions because her legislature has been too much occupied with special legislation to give the necessary time for their consideration —a reason which does not exist in Montana and should not delay you. One of those results—the code of civil procedure—has been adopted by New York and by I weu y-iwo other states and terri tories, including Montana; and there is every reason for the opinion that the penal, political and civil codes belonging to the system, of which the code of civil proce dure is a part, will, if adopted in'o law here, prove equally salutary and benefi cent. I, therefore, recommend that a law be framed by you for the appointment of a code commission, to be composed of gen tlemen learned in the law, with sufficient power and means to prepare and present tor the consideration of tbe legislative as sembly at a future session a code or codes of the law; that the rules therein contained be a reduction to the form of a statut - of the body of the law; that the powers of the commission be plenary in the adoption of the results of other American codifiers, preserving, however, those statutes in ex istence in Montana which have been enact ed with reference to local conditions; and that tlie rules contained in such codeur codes, when authoritatively prescribed, be the law and the only law of this common wealth, except so far as the same maybe controlled by the constitution and laws of the United States, or by subsequent en aettm nts of the local assem bly. Sufficient time should be given to the commissioners to discharge their import ant duties with care and accuracy, and a sufficient means should be placed at their disposal to enable them to perform their task conveniently and with suitable facili ties. MILITIA. I submit herewith the biennial report of the adjutant general to December 1, 1888, showing the state and the strength of the National Guard of Montana. 1 cordially approve of the recommendations he makes to bring the regularly enlisted, organized and uniformed active*militia of Montana, which constitutes the National Guard, to a degree of effectiveness for immediate ser vice in the field, in the event such services should be at any time required. Since the date of the report the two houses of con gress have made a special appropriation of about thirty three thousand eight hundred dollars to arm and equip the Natioual Guard of Montana, and the bill so passed will doubtless receive executive approval. The law authorizing and regulating the National Guard is extremely defective and »should be so amended as to create a system ot rules applicable to their object, and 1 hope that the enactment of proper and needed rules and regulations upon that subject will receive your careful at trition. in imitation of the law of many states and territories, where no larger force of active militia is encouraged or required than that of Montana, the offices and du ties of quartermaster general, com missary general, inspector general, paymaster general and judge advocate general are united with and devolve upon the adjutant-general, with authority in him to appoint an assistant; and as there can not be a well-ordered, active militia with out an adjutant-general, and as his report shows that the proper discharge of his duties require considerable time, attention and familiarity with those duties. I sug gest that the offices above be combined, and that a salary be fixed for the adjutant-gen eral and his assistant compensatory to the services rendered. MONTANA LIBRARY. 1 submit with this communication to you the report filed with me of Hon. N. W. McConnell, chief justice of the supreme court, touching the care and supply of tbe Montana library, and I invite your favora ble action upon the suggestions and recom mendations of that report I men tion the further fact that there are thirty-five hundred to five thousand volumes and publications — ut tL:is < i had so- free laws of that has ami lea in- of the miscellaneous part of the Kbrary, for the care and preservation of w tich suffi cient provision is not made. I invite you to couie and see for yourselves lue eondi tien it is in. and to adopt the proper reme dv. This library, tiiat is the law, miscel laneous and historical departments, should all he made one great, growing interest m the territory. Already it is one chief at traction and subject of praise and wonder to all strangers who vis it the capital, and is the pride of Montana's people as they point to it, and r, -alizé that its present proportions and ex tent far exceed line enterprises and depart ments in many of the states. This «nein rerest in Montana should he nursed and made to grow by the legislature. I trust you will open a liberal hand to its en °Then" are'a number of great interests, full of promise and much of the spirit of en « I t.irnrisit» and invt*4tm£nt of Cftpitalj äIi u\cr a(1 '' i this territory and yet there is no conflict of . forces in the m a a toe re 1)1,1 ap the and was and that to of of a and Hel De the of last has the in ap ad the out I for is to 1 to of so to interests or antagonizing forces in the in dustries and striving development of this country. In the natural conformation of the territory tliere is, and must for eastern, western, northern and southern divisions of this government Neverthe less, these parts are one common whole, and one government. You are the trusted agents to consider and act tor all. and not for a part of the people; and no such thing as class legislation or sec tional measures will receive your favor, ex cep- as may be for the piml.c good. Each part of the territory must help support the othor, and so every separate interest and industry must hold up the other. 1 shall gladly help and co-operate with you in everything for the honor and tor the good of this peuple. _ 1 Phkston H. Leslie, Governor. Montana's Isolons. THE CO »NCILVEN. W. M. BICKFORD. W. M. Bickford, of Missoula county, was horn in the town of Newburgh, Penobscot county, Me., Feb. 25, 1852, and while still a boy his parents removed to the village of Bradley, on the Penobscot river. While living in Bradley he completed a course of study in the common schools of the village, under Prof. Joel Pease, and then attended the East, Maine Conference seminary at Bucksport, Me. He afterward pursued a a three-years classical course at the Maine Central institute at Pittsfield. At about this time his parents removed to Butler county, Pa., and after teaching school one winter Mr. Bickford followed them (in the spring of 1873) and lived in tbe town of Petrolia, where he commenced the study of law under Col. Geo. II. Beemus and Hon. Gi-o D Hammer. He w as admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania in 1878, and have ever sin.-e made the practice of law his profes sion. Having become interested in mining properties in Colorado during the Lead ville excitement of 1879, Mr. Bickford re moved to Summit county, Col., in 1880 and remained iu the town of Robinson from the summer of 1880 until the fall of 1888. when lie removed to Denver, and from there to Missoula, in the spring of 1884, where he has ever since resided. Shortly after reaching Missoula he found a partner ship with Judge W. J. Stephens for the practice of law, and they have since been engaged in the business. This is Mr. Bick ford's first experience in politics, he never having been a candidate for any office be fore, although he acted as city attorney during all of his stay in Robinson, Col., and lias always been identified with, and worked for, the democratic party. L. A BROWN. Judge Lawrence A. Brown, of Beaver head county, is well known in the western part of Montana, and having served in the house at the last session of the legislative assembly, he will enter the council with legislative experience. Judge Brown is 62 years old. lie was born iu Georgia and is a tnroughbred American, his grand father being onq of the old revolutionary rebels who helped tu capture Corwallis and Ins army at Yorktown. When a young man he started for California, and going round the Horn he reached the Golden State In 1853. In California he practiced law and luiued. When the silver excite ment broke out he went to Washoe and lived in Nevada for some time. Drifting into Utah, he was a miner, a lawyer and a Gentile justice of the peace while in Mor mondom. When he first came to Montana he opened a law office in Butte, and was city attorney when Butte was having its first real boom. Judge Brown boxed his law library, and, buying the New De parture mine in the Blue Wing district from Hon. Wash Stapleton, went into mining. For several years he worked this mine without a cent, but he stuck to it, and his efforts have been rewarded by opening one of the best paying silver mines in southern Montana, with §200,000 worth of ore developed and in sight. Judge Brown was a democrat until the last year. He received the republican nomination for councilman by acclamation and was elec ted by a handsome majority—beating the strongest democrat in Beaverhead county for the council. DR. C. K. COLE. Dr. Charles K. Cole was born in Plain field. 111., April 5, 1852; educated at Lin coln university; studied medicine under Dr. David Prince at his private infirmary in Jacksonville, 111., and received his de gree of Doctor of Medicine from the Miami Medical college, where was conferred upon him the highest honors of his class. While practicing his profession at Jackson ville he married Miss Gillette, daughter of Dr. Gillette, who has somewhat of a na tional reputation, being the founder of the largest deaf and dumb institution in the world, at Jacksonville. Dr. Cole has two children, a boy and girl. During 1879 he removed to Montana and located at Helena, where he has since resided, in the active practice of medicine and surgery, and has succeeded in acquiring a comfortable for tune. In 1888-4 he was a member of the city council. In 1884 and 1885 he was in spector of public institutions for this terri tory, under appointment by the governor. At present he is vice president and a director of the Second National Bank of Helena, which institution he helped organ ize about seven years since, and is in terested in various other business enter prises iu Helena and vicinity, as well as owning a large stock ranch on the upper Madison. In a number of fraternal and benevolent societies iie has added to his membership therein an active interest and effective work, having for a number of years been state medical examiner for the A. O. U. W.; filled the chairs of grand master of Odd Fellows of Montana; grand chancellor in the Knights of Pythias, and is at present representative from Montana to the supreme lodge of the world of the latter order. JERRY COLLINS. Jerry Collins haR had a busy career. He came from Cork, Ireland, when a child to this country and settled with his people in Indiana. He completed his education at the Indiana State University, where he graduated with the first honors in his class. He was editor of the magazine pub lished at th university. After leaving there he became associate editor of the Wabash Courier, of which the noted Lee Linn was editor. He next became editor in-chief of tbe Pbarol, published in Lo gansport, Ind., a city of 18,000 people. In 1882 he removed to Fort Benton where be became editor and manager of the River Press, which was founded in that year. After conducting that journal with success for four years be went in 1886 to Great Falls, where he is editor and man ager ot the Tribune, which has daily and weekly editions. Last year Mr. Collins was elected councilman on the democratic ticket jointly for Choteau and Cascade counties. Mr. Collins was chairman of the county committee during the campaign. He was one of the founders of the Montana Press association, and secretary thereof for two terms. He is a forcible writer and ar dent friend of progress. He enjoys the good will and friendship of his fellow-citi zens Irrespective of party. Mr. Collins married la lndieaa and resides, with his wife and three children, In tbs ivburba of Great Falls. WARREN A. CONRAD. W. A.Conrad.nf Dawson andYellowstone was born in 1864, near Winchester. Va and is the youngest son of Col. James W Conrad, who was the largest and most sue cessful farmer of the Shenandoah valley at that time. He began his education Smith's military academy in Winchester leaving there to come to Montana in 1878 with his father. The following year he returned to Minnesota and completed his education at Bishop Wnippie's scho d at Faribault. Oa his return to Montana he was associated with the firm of 1. G. Baker & Co. merchants of Fort Benton and the Northwest territory of Canada. In 1887 he severed his connection with that firm and joined h mself to the business of J. H. Con rad & Co., of Billings, where he has since been located. Mr. Conrad is largely inter ested in stock raising, both in Northern Montana and the Northwest territory, and is a young man of pluck and perseverance as well as ot no little ability. During his residence in Billings he has gained the esteem and confidence of his social and mercantile associates. G. M. HATCH. G. M. Hatch, of Park county, was born at Griggsville, Pike county, 111., May 8. 1852. He accompanied his father, an offi eer in the volunteer service, to Cairo in 1861, and stayed with the army along the Mississippi river from Cairo to New Or leans in 1865. He attended public school Quincy, 111., in 1865 aud 1867, and Racine «O iege one term in winter of 1867 8 He w nt to Wyoming territory on survey for me Union Pacific railway: from Cheyenne to Echo Canon July, 1868, to January, 1860 He was also with a surveying party run uing the line for the railroad from St, Joseph, Mich-, to New Buffalo, Mich., in the summer of 1870. Mr. Hatch went to California in July, 1871, and clerked for C C. Bush & Co., general merchandise, at Shasta and Redding, until October, 1872. He was then employed by Wells, Fargo & Co., as agent at Redding, and changed that position for that of messenger between Redding aud Scramento. He formed partnership in 1864 with C. C. Bush and engaged in sheepraising and ranching. He drove a band of sheep from their ranch in Shasta county, Cal , to Mon tana in 1876, wintering near Bannack. Iu March, 1877, he drove to near Fort Logan, sold out and returned to California, dis posed of his interests in California to his partner, and purchased and drove sheep to Montana in the summer of 1878. Reaching Montana Mr. Hatch located upon the Mus selshell range, in Meagher couuty, where he resided until March, 1886, and engaged in wool growing and sheep raising, when he removed to Big Timber, Park count,y.his present residence, engaged in general mcr chandisiug. Mr. Hatch represented Meagher county iu the house in the four teenth session, and was appointed and served as commissioner of Park county since its creation hy act of the fifteenth ses sion. He was married in 1885, and has one child. C. W. HOFFMAN. Charles Wheeler Hoffman, joint council man from Gallatin and Meagher counties, was born at Niles, Mich., in 1846, and so has spent a great portion of his life along the pioneer line of civilization. He came to Fort Union, at the mouth of the Yellow stone. in 1866, and to Bozeman in 1869 Since living iu the territory he has been en gaged in farming, stock growing, merchan dising, coal mining, staging aud the geu erol business of a successful western man. He was married in April, 1869, at Buffalo, N. Y., to Elizabeth B. Peufield. He has one child, a sou, 18 years of age. In poli tics he is a democrat. He was a member of the preceding legislature. WILL KENNEDY. Will Kennedy, who served two terms as councilman from Missoula county, will represent Jefferson couuty in the present council. He is a printer by trade, an editor by profession and a republican in politics. He was born in Kent county, Maryland, iu 1845. In 1857 his father had settled with tils family In southern Indiana and in 1861 he was a drummer boy in the Fifty-second Indiana luiantry. His service lasted until the close of the war and he participated in some of the hottest battles. After the war he became a rover and, learning the prin ter's art, tramped all over the Union, fol lowing his trade and frequently doing répertoriai and editorial work, iu 1881 he came to Missoula and remained there until August, 1887, the greater part of the time in the capacity of editor of the Missoulian. Then he came to Helena to take city editor ship of the Independent, succeeding to the editorship of this paper on the death of Mr. Hendry. He removed to Boulder in February, 1888, where he founded the Age, which he is still publishing. In 1884 lie was elected to the territorial council and again m 1886, as a republican. He is married. C. R. MIDDLETON. C. R. Middleton, of Custer county, was born in Washington county, Minnesota, Jan. 81,1853, was raised on a farm, educa ted in the district school and in the bt. Croix Valley academy, in where he gradu ated in 1874. His father enlisted in the war of the rebellion in 1864, and died in the service at Memphis, Tenn., one year later, and as the subject of this sketch was the only son in a family of four, at the age of thirteen years he took charge of his father's farm and worked it until he was admitted to the bar in 1881. In 1876 he commenced the study of law, in the office of James bmith. Jr., in bt. Paul, and in. the winter of 1877 and 1878 took the first N course of lectures in the law department at the University of Michigan. For two years thereafter he worked on his raothei's farm iu the summer and taught school in the winter, and in the fall of 1880 returned to Ann Arbor and completed his course in the law department. In 1881 he was ad mitted to the bar in Minnesota, in 1882 he located in bt. Paul and commenced the practice of law, where he remained for six months, after which he went to Still water, Minnesota, and became a member of the noted law firm of J. N. & L W. Castle, where he remained until July, 1884, at which time he came to Miles City, bince that time he has been engaged in the active practice of the law at Miles City. On the 6th day of May, 1884, he was married to Ida Ruth Castle, a sister of J. N. and I. W. Castle. In Miles City he was a partner of Andrew F. Burleigh, up to the time Mr. Burleigh removed from Miles City to Hel ena, in June. 1887. His politics are demo cratic, and he is possessed of great orato rical power. L. B. OLDS. L. B. Olds, of Madison county, was born at Norwich, Vt., in March, 1839: moved to Iowa in 1850, to Colorado in 1859, and to Montana, at Alder gulch, in 1863. He has lived in Madison county most of the time since. He is a millwright by trade and has a common school education. He was a member of the house of representatives from Madison county in the Ninth session. Mr. Olds is now engaged in mining and has been for the past fifteen years. He was a Douglas democrat till 1863 and since then has been a republican. W. H. THOMPSON. William M. Thompson, of Deer Lodge, was bom at La Fayette, Indiana, April 22, 1853. In 1860 his father located at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. There he attended school and clerked in his father's store, afterwards taking a course of studies at Cornell col lege, Mount Vernon, Iowa. In 1869 he en tered the quartermaster's department in the United States army as transportation agent and held the position for eleven years in Nebraska. In 1880 he moved to Ogden, Utah, and was the manager of a newspaper called the Ogden Pilot, and held the position until the latter part of 1881, when he moved to Pocatello, Idaho, and was there agent of the Union Pacific railroad until February, 1884, when he ac cepted aposition from the Anaconda com pany. He remained in tbe employ of the Anaconda company until December, 1886, when he moved to Deer Lodge, having been elected county clerk and recorder at the fall election of the same year. Mr. Thompson was married at Ogden, Utah. July 81, 1880, to Miss Flora L. Young, anti has two children, a boy and a girl. WILLIAM THOMPSON. Thompson, republican, from Silver Bow county, was born at Cobourg. Canada, on March 1.1838, and has been in Mon t ana sin c e August, 1868. He U a ear al at Ë a 17 ing Mr. of has ing of not ple penter by trade, and claims to have brought the first kit of carpenter's tools into Virginia City. He lived in various parts of the territory until 1878 he located at Butte, where he is in the planing mill and lumber business, and has iu operation several steam mills. He is also promi nently identified with various mining en terprises at Butte. Mr Thompson was married in October, 1869, to Anna M. Boyce, daughter of Maj J. R. Boyce, and is now the father of four children. He is a E rominent Mason aud also a member ot the mights of Pythias. Mr. Thompson was a member of the fif teenth legislative assem bly. representatives. CHARLES P. BLAKELEY. Charles P. Blakeley, of Gallatin county, was born near Gallatin, Daviess county, Mo., June 1834, and had but little early educational advantages. When 18 years of age he left home, without means; but, well endowed with energy and enterprise, he has not only been able to make a comforta ble living for himself, but has contributed in no small way to the needs of others. Mr. Blakeley is a farmer and stockgrower by occupation and choice, lie was mar ried when 22 years of age. He served in the confederate army. In 1854 he went to Kansas and located where the city of Atchison now stands. He drove a bull team to Ft. Laramie, in 1855, went to Colo rado in 1863, left Denver in 1864 for Vir ginia City, Montana, ami arrived In May, 1864. He went to the Gallatin valley Octo tober 4, 1884, aud followed farming on the West Gallatin for several years. Mr. Blakely has held several positions of offi cial trust in Gallatin dounty, with great credit to himself aud the satisfaction of the people, lie represented Gallatin county in the legislature of 1866 7; helped to organ ize the first democratic primary meeting ever held in the county, and was a delegate to the first democratic county convention held in Gallatin county. Was elected sheriff and served two years. In this ca pacity Judge Wade said that Mr. Blakeley was one of the best sheriffs he had ever had any dealings with, bince this time Mr. Blakely has utterly refused to accept a public office until the demand became so clamorous last fall, when he Reluctantly agreed to allow his name to be used for the legislative position. E. E. CONGDON. E. E. Congdon, the young republican member from bilver Bow county, was born at the city of Anrora, 111., April 2, 1860, and s, therefore, in his twenty-ninth year. Mr Congdon is a thorough going, energetic business man. He cam* to Montana in 1881 and connected himself with the Ben nett Bros, agricultural implement com pany, and is at present treasurer of tlie same and one of its directors, lie is also general manager of the Butte branch ot the firm, which does a large business iu grain and farming implements, and is sec retary and directorjof the Butte City street ailway company, and interested in the general merhandisise house of M. T. ■shirley & Co. at Butte, established in 1883 lie is very popular on the west side, hav ing received the largest vote of all the legislative candidates at the last election. He is a well educated man, aud represents the miner element of Silver Bow couuty. Mr. Congdon is married. GEORGE H. CARVER. George H. Carver, of Park county, was born June 10, 1850, in Pawiet, Rutland county, Vt. He attended school in Pawiet and in Fulton, N. Y., until he was 18 years of age. He then entered his uncle's gen eral merchandise store in Fulton, where he stayed for five years. For the next few ears he was engaged in merchandizing, finally coming west in the employ of U. A. Brunes & Co., the Northern Pacific con tractors. During the period of the con struction of this road he was the manager of their stores and supplies all through the Yellowstone valley. In the fall of 1882 he reached Livingston and went into Hie general merchandise business on his own account. In January, 1886, the Carver Mercantile company was organized, of which Mr. Carver is the leading spirit. In 1886 he was elected couuty commissioner of Gallatin coun'y. The question of the nivision of Gallatin county then arose, and Mr. Carver led tne "division" party and was chiefly instrumental in obtaining the victory which resulted in creating the new' county of Park. On the organization of Park county, May 1, 1887, he r« signed from the Gallatin county board and served as hainuau of the ooard of commissioners of Park county until the general election last all. He was nominated for representative by acclamation and was elected by a rna >rity of over 600 in a total vote of 1,750. ouncil JOHN R. COMFORT. John R. Comfort, member from Madison county, was born in Susquehanna couuty, Pennsylvania, April, 1844. His education al advantages were only those of the com mon schools of that time. His arrival in Montana dates back to 1879, when he lo cated at Twin Bridges, and has resided there ever since, following the business of blacksmithing. Mr. Comfort is an old vet eran of the war. He served in the lS7th New York infantry and followed General Sherman in his famous march from "At lanta to the sea." This is the first time he has ever held an official position. He is a married man and a considerable property wner in Madison county. JUDGE JOS. DAYIS. Judge Joseph Davis, member of the house from Lewis and Clarke county, was born a small village in the eastern part of Pennsylvania, Nov. 6,1846. His education advantages while young were meagre; after passing through a common school education he spent three months at the Howard Academy, after which he began to strive for himself. During 1866 he started for the west to "seek his fortune," and after a long journey across the plains landed in Last Chance gulch in 1870. He immediately engaged in mining, and iu the course of a year bought a piece of ground which he worked for several years, accumulating considerable money, which he invested iu Helena real estate. Being an ardent re publican he took an active interest in terri torial politics from the start. In 1876 he was elected to the legislature by a large majority. He was subsequently elected probate judge of this county in 1880 and again in 1884. Two years ago he was a îaiu I n , a ' r piacer | candidate tor mayor of the city of Helena and during the late unpleasantness was elected to his prese t office. Judge Davis present is a gentleman of affluence, be ing a heavy real estate owner and identi tified with several mining enterprises, among which are the Jay Gould and Poor man properties. He is also one of the pro rietors of the Helena Cab company. Judge »avis is a married man aud has three chil dren—two boys and a girl; W. D. FLOWERS. W. D Flowers, of Gallatin county, was born near Memphis, Tenn., in 1842, and re moved with his parents to Missouri in 1845 His grandfather on his raoth*»i's side was major in the United States army in th* war of 1812. H. W. Lyda, his mother's fifth brother was a member of congress from Missouri. When Mr. Flowers was years old, and clerking in a store, n« undertook a course of study at Edinburg college, in Grundy county, Mo., but rfi* breaking out of the war termmated his op EtitarAK than a year. In 1861 he went to Texas and enlisted in the southern army. After be in several engagements be was cap tured by Sherman's command at Arkansas Post He was held a prisoner at Caine Douglas, Chicago, for six months. In J864 Flowers crossed the plains to Mon tana; arriving at Virginia City on Oct. 12 that year.* Since coining to Montana he been continuously engaged in the min and stock-growing business. WABBKN C. GILLETTE. The subject of this sketch was horn in Oneida county, New York. He is 55 years age, having been born in 1833. While a college graduate he acquired an am -1 common school edu ation, and In his I *® younger days taught a village school. Like I many young men of an adventuresome 1 10 character of his time he started for the » o* is »f u> c-. tor - ter ' n have tools various located mill promi en was M. and is a the was a assem county, county, early of well he others. mar in to of bull Colo Vir May, Octo the Mr. offi great the county organ elected ca ever time a so the born and Mr in Ben com tlie also ot iu sec street the T. 1883 hav the golden west, and the year 1862 found him iocated at Bannack City, at that time the capital of Montana. This was during the palmy days of Alder gulch. He soon formed a partnership with a Mr. King, the firm being styled King & Gillette. They engaged in general merchandising and enjoyed a very large trade. The firm moved to Helena a couple of years afterwards and continued the general supply business, which soon placed tne gentlemen in the lead of Mon tana merchants. During 1865 Mr. Gillette inaugurated the wagon road from Helena through Prickly Pear canyon. This was a gigantic undertaking, which when com pleted had cost $60,000. Mr. Gillette ob tained from the legislature permission to collect toll on this road for ten years. In cluding the present session he has served four times in the legislative assemblies of Montana. He has been twice elected to the council and served during the Eleventh session iu the lower house. Mr. Gillette is a single man. He resides at his ranch at Dearborn, in this county and follows the business of stock raising and woolgrower. Besides owning a flock of 15,000 sheep he ha« considerable real estate in the city of Helena. E. C. GARRETT. was years gen he few A. con con 1882 Hie own of In of the and and the new' of from as of last rna in lo of vet he a E. C. Garrett, joint representative for Choteau and Cascade counties, was born in Lancaster county, Pa., July 28,1856. He received his education in the common schools of that couuty and Philadelphia. Some of his fondest recollections are of making night hideous with halloos while on the way to spelling school in some ad joining township. He was a pretty good speller then aud usually got to the head of Hie class. It was about this time young Garrett became desperately and hopelessly infatuated with several young ladies who were from one to ten years his senior. In 1873 he removed with his parents to Ala bama, where he lived on a farm until tbe following year, when his roving disposition took him to New Orleans. He was engaged m steamboating between that city, Galves ton and Mobile until 1877, when he came to Montana. Mr. Garrett was chief clerk for Gen. Brooks, commandais of the military division of Montana, until J882, when he engaged in the hardware business with James Gibson at Sun River crossing. Sub sequently he became book-keeper with the late firm of Hamilton <k Mazlett, at Cho teau, at which place he has been in the real estate and conveyancing business for the past three years and justice of the peace for the past year. He is unmarried —a bit of information of interest to the young ladies of the capital city. H. J. HASKELL. Henry J. Haskell, republican member of tin* house from Dawson county, resides at Glendive, where he has prominently iden tified himself with interests of Eastern Montana for a number of years. He is a college graduate, a gentleman of fine legal attainments and has practiced at the pro fession of attorney at law since his resi dence in the territory. He is thoroughly posted on the needs of Dawson county, rwo years ago he was elected county at torney at that point. Mr. Haskell is a man about 45 years of age. WILLIAM H. HUNT. William H Hunt was horn in New Or leans. La., November, 1858, and is eonse quently in his 31st year. II.- enjoyed good educational advantages, having graduated from Yale college after a thorough course in the grammar schools. He also studied law under his father's tuition in the Uni versity of Louisiana. During 1878 he moved to Montana, locating first, at Fort Benton, where lie engaged in the practice of law. In 1886 he located at Helena, fol lowing his profession, having formed n law partnership with H. R. Buck. Dur ing 1887 ex-Gov. B. Platt Carpenter joined the firm. Mr. Hunt, in 1884, was a dele gate from Choteau county to the state con stitutional convention. He has also served for two years in this judicial district as district attorney and attorney general. At present he is the joint member of the lower house tor Lewis and Clarke and Jefferson counties. He ia a married man with two children. C D. JOSLIN. C. D. Joslyn. of Derr Lodge county, was born May 1, 1859, at Oourtlandt, DeKalb county, 111 , went to school and graduated at the same place, but afterwards went to commercial college at Milwaukee, Wis. Ilis first business ventures were at Lead ville and Pueblo, Col., but not liking Colo rado, he moved to Beaver Canyon. Idaho, and opened a general farm implement store, which he moved along to all the ter mini of the Utah & Northern railroad until it got to Silver Bow, when he closed out and started a general forwarding business, the firm name being Joslyn & Morse. He continued in the forwarding business until Jan. 1, 1885, when he accepted the position of general manager for E L. Bonner & Co at Deer Lodge, which he still retains. In October, 1885, Mr. Joslyn married Miss Mamie Kelly, daughter of United States Marshal Kelly, and has one child, a girl a ye r old. Mr. Joslyn has always been a staunch republican. of the to a he iu re he a GARL T. JONES. Carl T. Jones, of Missoula county, was raised in Howard county, Missouri. He grew to young manhood with but a limited education, but taught a district school mi til he had secured sufficient means to at tend college, when he took a course in civil engineering in the state university of Mis souri. He came to Montaua during the sixties, but owing to poor health moved to Oregon, from whence he returned to Mon tana in 1878. He still practises his profes sion of engineering, and farms near Cor vallis, in the Bitter Root valley. He has four children, two of whom are grown He is about 55 years of age. He is a re publican, but lias never sought any office He was elected by 149 majority. E. H. JOHNSON. Eugene Henry Johnson, member from Luster county, is generally known among friends and spoken of in print as "Skew" Johnson. He was born at Clarksville, Ark., I the age of 9 y pars be went r with his parents to San Antonio, Texas, at | which city and G„ nza!e8> in the samp gtatp he lived untii 1869. He was educated prin-' cipally at Gonzales college. During th last two years ot the civil war he bore arms in the Texas militia a3 a private in Fulk rod's cadets and in Scott Anderson's regi ment. His service was confined to the state and he participated in no important battles. From 1869 to 1874 he drove cattle on the T ex&s trwii, aud in the letter year went into the cattle business in Wyoming with hpi)Hniiart«iPg of t. ' ^rested wu^s^cM C ,l ieyenn r p ' bein 2 >n ^ 1^1 H-n Bros 'u n the earl v Hdls excitement he sup be schools^one yeärV \nd tE »r" ,ent * th * Ä ™'- -1 tonnant -6'----- ' »»tmnu I *® nden ^ 1 the Pyrenees Gold Mining com I a 7 ' ot Fyrenet?8 » trom whence he hails 1 10 aa 7 » «n»« q„„ lkjc mantle. o* Silver Bow, county, was bora in Fng plied that district with beef and had sev eral sharp skirmishes with Indians in get u r the trail with his men and herds in 1881 he came to Custer county, Montana and engaged in stock-growing as chief partner a nd manager of the firm of John î!'" & Graham. He was a member of the Fifteenth assembly. He was married in Denver to Miss Fannie Greene, and has one îïï d *mÄ" r ' Mr ' Jul '" son was elected CLINTON H. MOORE. Clinton H. Moore, of Deer Lodge countv. is a native of New Hampshire, born in iu?!' ^duated at Dartmouth college in la/4 and received the degree of A. M. from the same institution in 1877. He came west in 1876 and resided in Nevada two years and Herded eows and coyotes but returned to Montaua in August. 1877. He was principal of the Deer Lodge public .u „ 18 *d«cted the in iK 7 o ,. tlie College of Montana pitv ui Mr -Moore went to Boise Ut>, Malm to teach In 1880 he was ap pointed by President Hayes the supervisor »f the tenth census of Idaho territory, and u> ur . m r. e 8a ne year was married to Miss c-. J. Hutchins, of Helena. Mr. Moore re turned to Montana in 1881, camped at Butte uty and kept a book and stationery store tor a time. He was elected superintendent C01,nty in - r , was appointed the first postmas ter of Anaconda. Montana, and in spite of ph»r® eiB (Pht 0 nmtdw him while in tne dis charge of his duty, he held the office till November. 1885. when he resigned. Leav ' n « Anaconda he r^r urned to Butte City. ?"A in . Febr . uary > 188t * w «8 elected superin to 23 uy, aud has for was him the the soon a being in very a soon Mon Gillette Helena was a com ob to In served of to Eleventh is at the he of for in He of while ad good of young who In Ala tbe Galves to for he with Sub the Cho the for the the of at iden is a legal pro resi at man Or good Uni he Fort fol n Dur dele con as At two was to Wis. Colo ter until out He Co In Miss a a was He mi at the to has re at th the ' v in in in land In 1854, came to America in 1863, lo cated at Salt Lake City, in 1870 removed to Idaho and for several years was in the em ploy of the Western Union Telegraph com pany and took charge of their offices at various points along the line of the old Overland Stage company lines, at the same time acting as agent for Gilmer & Salis bury's stage line. In 1877 lie took charge of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s office at Butte, and upon the completion of the Montaua Cen tral Telegraph company's line to Butte in 1879, he was appointed as its manager. In 1881 he was one of the principal ones to organize the Inter Mountain Publishing company; was immediately upon its organ ization elected business manager, and has held the position ever siace, ne now being one of its principal shareholders. He was one of the founders of the Butte race track and, until recently, its principal owner. Mr. Mantie has taken an active part in pol tics; has been elected aideruian of Butte, was member of the territorial legislature in 1883 and 1887, and attended the national republican convention at Chicago in 1884. He is a prominent member of the order of Knights of Pythias and was the first grand chancellor of Montana. Mr. Mantle is not married. 8. G. MURRAY. 8. G. Murray, of Missoula, was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, in 1852. The following year his father removed to Miami county, Indiana, where the subject of this sketch was brougtit up on a farm and attended the public schools during winter months until he arrived at the age of 18, when he began to teach during the winter months and attend college during vacations. After completing his collegiate course he took charge of the public schools of Robinson, 111., where he remained five years. Coming to Helena at the conclu sion of his work in Robinson, in the spring of 1884, he took charge of the Helena schools in the fall of 1884. and remained here one year. He then went to Missoula, where he had charge of the public schools, and opened a law office. He wasjadmitted to practice law while residing in Helena. He lias been elected city attorney of Mis soula twice and is now serving his second term. H. T). PICK MAN. Dr. H. D. Pickuian, of Beaverhead couuty, comes from an old family idonti lied with the history of Massachusetts. His ancestors came from England in 1661, and settled at Salem, Mass. Dr. Pickman was born at Salem on Sept. 26, 1848. He graduated at the Salem High School in 1861, and entering the Union army lie served three years during the war of the rebellion, lie entered Harvard College in 1864 and gradnated in 1868. Coming west, be shipped in the Labe Superior copper region awhile, and reached Utah in 1879. From Utah he went to Idaho, and prac liced his profession for about three years at Challis and Salmon City in that terri tory. In 1883 he moved to Montana aud located in Dillon. He soon obtained a large practice, and has become thoroughly identified with the interests of Beaverhead county and Dillon. Dr. Pickman served four years as coroner of bis county. He was elected representative by a large ma j irity at the late election. In politics the doctor is a republican. LORING B. REA. Loring B. Rea, of Custer county, the third on the republican ticket, was born iu North Andover, Mass., in 1850: he was ed ucated iu the public schools of the town, and finished his education at Johnson high school at North Andover. At the age of 21 Or engaged in the wood and lumber business, aud in a few years was in condi tion to engage in the farming and dairy busi ness on a large scale. In 1883 he accepted the nomination for selectman of his native town and out of a total vote of 626 he re ceived 624. Soon after the expiration of his term ot office he removed to Montana, arriving here early in 1884, and at once go mg into the cattle business, the firm being R j a & Barker. In the fail of that year Mr. Rea sold out his interest and the Rea Cattle company was formed, consisting of Messrs. Rea, Davis, Wiley and Stevens, ail of North Andover, and all ex-siate sena tors. Mr. Rea is a'so interested in the firm ot ltea, Davis, Clark & Co; the ranges of both outfits are on the north side of the Yellowstone m Custer county. Mr. Rea married Miss Moliie Downey, daughter of Rev. Mr. Downey, of Miles city. WM. H. ROBERTS. Judge Win. H. Roberts, of Silver Bow, is an Englishman by birth He left the old country while young and engaged in min ing in Pennsylvania, subsequently moving to Colorado where he pursued the same oc cupation for some time. About 1880, while a resident of Aspen, Colo., he was nomi nated for justice of the peace on the repub lican ticket aud received nearly the unani mous vote of the town. After his term ex pired he moved to Montana and followed the business or mining at Butte, at which he has been constantly engaged. When informed he was placed on the republican ticket for the legislature, he was roiling away in the lower levels of ihe Lexington mine. Mr. Roberts is a representative of the laboring element aud a prominent mem ber of the Miner's Union. He is a great reader, can make a good speech, and is well versed in matters of law. He is about 50 years of age. J. E. SAXTON. J. E Saxton, of Meagher county, is one of the lew who came here for his health He was born in Port Huron, Mich., in 1844. and was educated in the public schools ot Detroit. He was in a general merchan dising and wool dealing firm from 1859 to 1862, which later closed out the merchan dise and devoted entire attention to th** wool trade, under the firm name of Thos. M_Grand & Co., of Detroit and Boston. In 1875 Mr. saxton married and withdrew from tne wool business aud assumed the management of the Globe Tobacco com pany. an instition which he assisted in or ganizing iu 1872, and which has crow n beyond the most sanguin* expectations of its founders. II managed the company until 1883 when his health failed and he closed ip career tliere and came to Montana in July 1864. in search of health He invested in cattle and settled in the mountains, and ar the end of three years had about as many cattle as he started with aud good health, tnaki g the investment an exceedingly profitable one S. A. SWIOGETT. S A. Swiggett, of Jefferson county, was born in Dorchester county, Md., May 19, 1834. When he was 13 years of age he was placed in care of relatives in the country Becoming dissatisfied he tramped to Cam bridge, the county seat of Dorchester county, aud made his own coutrae.t with a gentleman to learn tailoring. At'tor com pleting his trade he emigrated to Cam bridge city, Ind., at the age of 19. Three years later he removed to Blakesburg, Wappello county, Iowa. In Dec., 1865, he married Miss Eliza H. Vancleav. In Aug , 1867, he recruited a company, which was a signed to the Thirty-sixth Iowa infantry as com pany C, with Mr. Swiggett as its captain, who participated in all the engagem nts the regiment was in, and on April 25. 1864 after a desperately fought bat tle, he with 1,400 others, was captured and taken to Tyler, Texas ar riving there June 10. On Aug. 15 and Dec 23 he escaped, getting 100 miles away the nrstand 275 miles the second time, but was recaptured both times and taken back to Tyler. After being a prisoner over four teen months, and being confined in two stockades and a dozen jails in Arkansas. Louisiana and Texas, he was finally turned out. the war having ended and his company and regiment having been exchanged about four months before. Atter returning home Capt. §wiggett fol lowed merchandising and speculating, ex cept an interval of four years, in which he was twice elected sheriff of Wappelio county, Iowa. In April, 1887, he came to Jefferson county, Montana, with his fam uy, and stopped m Clancy until October, when he moved up in the Cataract district, aud engaged in mining more extensive'y. Lapt. Swiggett, besides being a republican, has been a member of the Baptist church for the last thirty-three years. . OZIAS WILLIS. Ozias Willis, joint representative from Beaverhead and Madison counties, was born in the town of Ashfield, Franklin county, Mass., Feb. 7, 1843 His boyhood was spent on a farm, working during the summer months and attending tbe district sohooi while in winter eeseion. The foun of of is the he is out he tor of if tion 100 be ire to lor will tral, city * G. son, A. of a be the were tar K. Lee As no are is are they there Yet the so pages boys the lives of held lo to em at old in In to of in to dation of a common school education was thus laid. Rejecting the offer of relatives to pay his exp* rises through college, he en 1 sted in the Forty-second inlantry. He was taken prisoner at tbe battle of Galves ton, Texas, Jan. 1, 1863. At the close of the civil war he emigrated to Alden, Hardin county, Iowa, where he married and engaged in the furniture and agricul tural implement business. Lung disease, contracted in the army, caused him to re move to Virginia City, Mont., where he ar rived in the spring of 1870. iie followed mining and prospecting until his removal to VV illow Creek, in Beaverhead county, where hotel keeping and stock raising be came his vocation. Later he purchased the extensive stock farm, now his home, at Birch Creek, where his time is occupied in caring for his live stock interests, and sup ervising the workings of the Shelby Mining company's extensive iron mines, in which he is a part own»-r. JOHN D. WAITE. John D. Waite, of Fergus county, was born iu Saratoga county, N. Y., (Vet, 17, 1858. His father, who was extensively en gaged in Limbering and manufacturing, died in 1865, leaving a wife, two daughters and one son. In 1867 they moved to Starkey, N. Y., where tne children attend ed Starkey seminary. In 1876 the family moved to Ober lin Ohio, wle-re Mr. Waite and his sisters attended Oberlin college. In 1878 the tailing health of the youngest sister compelled them to leave Oberlin. Thence they moved to Penn Yan, N. Y., where Mr. Waite's mother and sisters still reside. After leaving college Mr. Waite was engaged for two year-* as clerk in a boot and shoe store. In the spring of 1880, together with three other young men from the same town, Mr. Waite came to Mon tana. He at once engaged in the sheep business and has followed it ever since. In 1886 Mr. Waite went back t<> his old home and married Miss Matilda E Sluaue. FRANKLIN 8. WHITNEY. F S. Whitney, of Yellowstone, is a na tive of Iowa, who came west at an early date and was a resident of Cheyenne, Wyo., during the first settlement ol that place, and lived there for about fifteen }ears, at the time being extensively engaged in freighting from Fort Pierce, Dak., and Cheyenne to the Black llills during the mining excitement there. From Cheyenne Mr. Whitney came to the Yellows one country about six years ago and lias since followed his former vocation <<t forward ing under the name of ihe Merchants For warding company of Custer .Station, Mon tana. Mr. Whitney is about 45 years of age, and besides serving out a full term of enlistment during the war. lias occupied several important public positions, in which he has gained the confidence of his constituents for his fairness, sound judg ment and personal sacrifices to the public good. He was for two terms a member of the lower house of the Wyoming legisla ture irom Laramie county, and has served acceptably as county commissioner of Yel lowstone county for the past two years. READY FOR BUSINESS Legislators Coming in Prepared to Attend to the Weighty Business They Expect to Transact. Candidates for Positions Within the Gift of the Solons as Numerous and Offensive as They Possibly Can Be. But few members of the legislature ar rived in the city yesterday and those who did passed the time in the hotel lobbies meeting and becoming acquainted with each other, but their time was generally occupied by the candidates for clerkships, who are euga„- 4 in pulhng the wires. "I have received fifty cards, bearing the names of applicants for positions in the house or council," said a member from Beaverhead county yesterday, "aud not not one of them has asked me to take a drink," and then the solon burst out in his own pecu liar laughter, which attracted the attention of people a bloek away. The only new candidates heard of since yesterday are M. McGutrk, of Boulder, who Is an aspirant for sergeant at-arms, and Carl Edwards, ot Gallatin county, who is after a clerkship. This gentleman at one time served as a member of the house. Ex-Sheriff Harris, ot Billings, reached the city yesterday. As mentioned before, he is a candidate for sergeaut at-arms, and is a democrat. He is hard at work, how ever, and comes well supported by east side republicans, notwithstanding his political tendencies. Sam Alexander is out of the race tor office; iu fact, he says he was never an aspirant. COUNTY DIVISION. W. D. Flowers, ot Moreland, Galiatin conn y, is the only democratic member who has arrived in the city. In conversa tion with a reporter for the Inde pendent he stated that the resi deuts of the northwestern corner of Madison county are preparing a petition tor presentation to the legislature praying diät that portion of Madison county from Meadow creek to Warm Springs creek be joined to Gallatin county. The Madison representatives will fight this proposition unless in exchange thuy are given a strip of laud on the Madison ri ver running into Gallatin county ab mt 100 miles. This change will square ihe counties geographic ally. I lie neck of Iaim ia Madison county if cut off will increase Gallatin's popula tion about 300, a tide that section embraced almnr the Madison river would only add 100 to Madison's population. Another scheme for couuty division will be brought up during the session. The mining men oi Cooke City, in l'ark couuty, J ..... 'f being severed aud joined ire desirous to Yellowstone, and a petiriou forTltis pur pose is being circulated among the inhab itants of the C 'Oke City district and is re ceiving many signatures. LEGISLATORS IN TOWN. A general influx of legislators is looked lor to-day. [lie silver Bovv delegation will arrive to-day over the Montana Gen tral, a ai the Northern Pacific trains will bring in the eastern aud western Montana members, l'he members at present in tlie city are: At the Grand Central: (' R. Middleton, * arren A. Conrad, E. C. Garrett, Geo. M. Hatch, Loring B. Rea, S. a. Swiggett, £>. G. Murray, J. E îSaxtou. At the Cosmopolitan: Wm. M. Thomp son, L. B. Oids, W. D. Flowers, Lawrence A. Brown, J. R. Comfort. it was an expressed desire by a number of the faithful that a sufficient number should get together last evening and hold a caucus in order to determine who should be president of the council and speaker of the house, but as the majority of the boys were not on hand those in the city can vassed among themselves,aud the result,as tar as could oe ascertained, was that Dr. C. K. Cole would be elected president of the coucii without opposition, and that Hon. Lee Mantle would be speaker of the house. As to who will fill tne minor positions, no one seems to know. There are mauy applicants, and the truth is applicants iu abundance who are unable to fill tlie positions to which they aspire. For instance, it is claimed there are candidates for engrossing find en rolling clerkships who cannot spell cor rectly, and who if allowed to enr ll bills would make the territory a laughing stuck. Yet there are good meu aspirants. Nor is the male sex alone, as twenty live women so far are applicants for positions. As tor pages their name is legiou. Some of the boys will have to go unsatisfied Eugene Dickerson is iu the lead for the pagediip of the council, and will probably have bis ambition satisfied. He is iu every way qualified for tbe pince, for no brighter boy lives iu Helena A caucus of the members of both branches of the legislature will b* 5 held to-morrow morning.