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THE GREAT FALLS LEADER.
Hlstorical Society of Montana: DEVOTED TO THE AGRICULTURAL, MANUFACTURING AND MINING INTERESTS OF NORTHERN MONTANA , V O L , 1i, G R EAO F L A - VOL 1 GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1888, " ..N. N, I GREAT FALLS AND HELENA. County Argus Says of These Cities. Before one gives vent to his skeptici:sm he future of Great Falls he should visit that city, note its size, progress and the great scheme of its founders. Its size, lo 'ation, and the character of its business Juildings and private residences were a great surprise to the writer. The city has t beautiful location, in a bend on the east side of the Missouri, just below the mouth Vf Sun River, the city limits extending ,_k .to the gradually sloping bench ands. The Falls has the finest hotel build ng in Montana,capable of accommodating ever one hundred guests; the rooms are dcely furnished, heated by steam and provided with gas fixtures and fire alarms. Under the new management the hotel is doing a good business. There are be t.ieen 10 and 20 brick and stone business buildings on Main street, and others in the same character in course of con ction or contemplated. A new wagon ge a thousand feet long, has just been .pleted, costing $50,000. The branch oads to Sand Coulee and the reduction ks has just been completed, and large .sgs of men will soon be employed on Both terminals. The Falls has a good louring mill which will be kept running luring the coming fall and winter on diontana wheat. The future of Great Falls rests in the faithful carrying out of the grand projects upon which its origin was based. It is ot the work of weeks and months, but e work of years. So far the trium ate of captalists interested have given cause for doubt or fear and the busi tas men of the city, though trade is a tie quiet now with them, are hopeful of e future and have all confidence in the alls and the faithful prosecution ol ery scheme mapped out. There can be false play. It is upon the of promises e by honorable men the Falls has bed its present size. It cannot be led a net to catch suckers or tender t, for we believe the majority of the isiness men at the Falls are old Mon nians. No doubt the Falls has passed e "boom" period of its existance, and f there is a slight reaction it shold alarm o one but the timid and short-pursed. rent Falls like every other town, has its rsimists and kickers. But Great Falls cannot and will not pend upon its immediate surrounding untry. It would not hold up a town If its present size" It has a better butary region farther away, upon which . eyes of the capitalists are firmly set. e trade of the Judith basin could be .ed beyond all r. :arly and division by railroad to its center. Cattle, sheep, rees and wool would all go east via the eat Falls, and, 5,000 people would be aced within 4 hours ride of the northern etropolls. The mines of Fergus county, well as her stock and agricultural eatness are worth looking after. The amtoba company and the people of eat Falls must look to this country for pport in build.ng up their city and etting traffic. The men interested in Great Falls, an business. There are now about 200 n employed at the reduction works, ich will be built in 4 sections, each plete in itself, and it is expected that first will be turning before fall. The ihart ann Barker railroad, and a branch the Judith Basin, we are informed, sure to follow. Following up Otter ek front Belt could be found an easy de into the Basin at Stanford. rest Falls can become all that her zeus hope for if the projects now lined and decided upon are faithfully tied out. Works that have a monthly -ioll of hundreads of men and a rich utary country, are all that is necessary ake it one of the leading cities of the thwest. elena is enjoying a steady, healthy wth. It is rapidly becoming citified. as theatres, street car lines, electric t. water works and several lines of oads. Its streets are crowded with s and the sidewalks with rapidly ving pedestrians. A number of fine sidences and public buildings have en erected in the past two years. The w court house is a credit to Lewis and ,rke county and the pride of the city lens appears to be on the verge of a t mining boom. Men at the hotels constantly tu!king quartz and the t reduction wvorks. The capital for e works has all been pledged, and ject is in the hands of men who never de a failure of anything they under k. The initiatory steps'now being taken e aroused in mining matters and more ty, if possible, established the sup acy of Helena among her sister cities. ergus County Argus. Where to Locate. e American Settlers' Guide, pub d in Washit on, D. C., contains the wing impoSo advice to settlers the public . *s, which is founded the experle as of the past--the x of the future: ther things being equal, choose a ement near mines and manufactures, pid streams likely to be used for ufactures; near the junction of rivers alleys; where a valley crosses a river ds at a lake." 3uch locations always secure good -es for farm products and rapidly ad the price of land, becoming centers siess and sites of future cities." is should be gratifying to the people Ireat Falls and the owners of land "ssible thereto by railrsad or other . When the townsite was located it hear mines varied in character and apid stream then likely to be util for manufactures, and within an al incredible short period advantage een taken of it in this particular. have here the junction of rivers alleys, and what is equally impirt- 1 f railroads. The fertile valleys supply the miners, mechanics and manu facturers with products; the river, with a unlimited mechanical power, makes the mining and manufacturing possible and profitable, and the railroad facilitates the progress of all and practically places the producer at the very door of the con a sumer. It The rivers of this section seem to have naturally combined to make this point e the available center of the most stupeud uous network of nature's flumes for wood s and lumber in the world, not excepting the Mississippi and its lumber loaded trib utaries. Even the casual observer will conclude that Great Falls, with all the favorable advantages in its location, must become what the American Settlers' Guide proph esies for a locality with any one of the requirements mentioned -"a center of business and the site of a future great city." A Passage in Sheridan's Life. Philadelphia Times: The raising of Lieutenant-General Sheridan to the rank of general recalls an incident connected with his promotion to his present grade. I The autumn of 1868 will be remembered by many as having witnessed a series of n Indian atrocities on the Solomon and I Saline rivers, of Kansas, as fiendish and 1 revolting as any in the history of fron n tier experiences. Major-General Sheri dan then commanded the department of the Platte, with headquarters at Fort Leavenworth. With his usual celerity of action he sent out detachments of troops in pursuit of the savages, to keep them occupied while he massed his main forces and his supplies at Fort Hays and other points on that line. He resolved to make a winter campaign, an untried and hazardous venture, and determined to take chadge of the expedition in per son. The Indians had been routed at all points, villages had been broken up, ponies captured and utilized or killed. Many proud wariors had been laid low, and Moketavetah and his band of dog soldiers of the Cheyennes, the chief per. petrators of the Kansas massacres, had been annihilated with the exception of one warrior, who escaped. Upward of 10,000 Indians of the Kiowa, Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Comanche and Apache tribes I had been brought into subjection and placed under military surveillance in the valleys of the Wichita, near the mouths of Medicine Bluff and Cache Creeks. The campaign was ended. Victory had again perched upon the colors of Sheri dan. One day towards the middle of February there was a stir in camp. The general was about to return to the rail road at Fort Hays,whence he had started in November. The general, a detach ment of the Tenth cavalry, Col. Lebo, Col. Schuyler Crosby, Maj. J. W. Clous, Col. McGonigle and the writer constitu ted the party, and before them lay a vast Indian waste of 400 miles. The distance had been traversed. While approaching the Smoky Hill river, less than twenty miles from the fort, a fleet courier was seen advancing. It was March 6, 1869. The courier saluted proudlyand galloped up. An orderly was sent to halt him. The courier, being informed that the gen eral was at the head of the party, turned his horse and dashed gallantly up to the general. Bringing his animal on his haunches by tke suddenness of his halt, standing in his stirrups, and raising his saluting hand to the visor of his cap, he exclaimed: "I have the honor of saluting the lieut enant-general of the armies of the United States," simultaneously handing him a dispatch. The general took the yellow envelop. His face was flushed with mingled sensa tions of pride and emotion. His hand trembled with feeling as it never wats known to under the heat of battle as he opened the packet. It was a telegram from General Sherman substantialy in these words: 'trant has been inaugurated. He has just nominated me for general and you for lieutenant-general." "To timhe lietenant-general I" went up in shouts along the little column of officers and troopers which broke the solemn solitudes of the Smokey Hills. "To the lieutent-general!" again and again in in rounds of dheers. If ever a brave sa ldier looked an elo quence of gratitude and pride Sheridan did on that hright middayon the banksof the Smoky Hills. Spurring the prancing steeds, who seemed to feel the inspiration of the stirring martial scene, the column soon galloped across the intervening stretch of plain to Fort Hays. The next day the general, Col. Crosby, and the writer went to the department headquarters. Before the middle of March they reached Washington, where the lieutenant-general was laden with social honors by tne President and army in recognition of his victorious campaign and well earned promotion. How to Carve. First, remember that the easiest way is not always the best. Supply yourselt with a sharp knife, fork, and chair somewhat t higher than a common dining room chair. A roast of beef should always be carved toward the bone. The slices should be thin and even. Boiled ham should also i be thin, but mutton and pork and veal should be somewhat thicker. In carving fowls, it should be remembered that the true way to carve is to sever the lgi- c ments and joits without breaking the i bones. Inthe first place, the fork bet inserted firmly in the breast bone, with the neck of the fowl toward the carver, thus holding it solidly on its back. Re mere the legs and wings at the joints,d and then disjoint the leg. Commence at I the wing joint and make a diagonal cut- ( ting of meat on the breast. Cut throught the thin place Where the breast bone be gins and through the middle of the back. s This divides the fowl. As the pieces are I cut off they should be put on a smaller r plate than the one on wldhich the fowl | rests. To carve Ish, run the knife down [ the back; small fish may thns have the c backbone and meany of the sides removed ! without breaking the flakes of the fish, GRAND JURY REPORT. A General Summary of Their Work -The Needs of a Jail Set Forth. To the Honorable Thos. C. Bach, Judge of the District Court of the Fourth Ju dicial District of the Territory of Mon tana, in and for the County of Cascade: In reply to your charge of the seventh instant to the grand jury on that day em paneled, we beg leave to submit the fol lowing report: We have diligently examined into all matters and evils' referred to by the court, and found that there was much reason for complaint. Especially is this the case respecting the social condition as it now exists. Three indictments have been found against the proprietor of the Park theatre ir Great Falls, under the three special sections of the statutes of Mon tana, referred to by the court in its in structions to this jury. Indictments were also found against parties keeping disorderly houses. II the matter relating to Chiiiamen, touchec upon by your honor in your charge, we have to report that we find no cause for action. The matter of garbage has been thest oughly investigated, and we find that in most cases the offenders have already taken steps to remove the nuisance." We earnestly recommend that the proper au thorities be specially instructed to enforce the law in this respect. The carrying of concealed weapons by cow-boys and others has been the cause of much disturbance. Under this head one indictment has been found. Vagrants-We find that there are many men in the town of Great Falls who have no visible means of support, and have be come a fruitful source of annoyance and breeders of crime in thiscommunity. We recommend that the county commission ers procure proper quarters for caring for these despicable characters, and that the latter may be compelled to contribute to their own support, we suggest the or ganization of a chain gang under the sheriff of this county, who shall work these vagrants upon the public roads. Butchers.-We find that the butchers of Cascade county, having been ignorant of the law requiring them to record the brands of all slaughtered cattle, have neglected this important matter until re cently. But now they evidence good in tentions to comply with the law in this respect. As the county clerk is instructed to report all offenders against this statute, we believe there will be no further in fringement of it. The jail at Great Falls is unfit for hab itation of single individual for a day. At present it is crowded to overflowing, is utterly devoid of decent ventilation and its present condition is very favorable to the commencement and spread of disease in this community. We desire to earnest ly impress upon the board of county com missioners the importance of procuring at once a suitable site and of erecting thereon a jail building which shall be adequate to the present and rapidly in creasing wants. We find that some of the justices of the peace courts of Cascade county are con ducted in a manner unbecoming places of justice, and respectfully urge that the county commissioners investigate the competency of the justices of the peace of said county and that they proceed im mediately to remove all those who are found lacking in the qualities requisite to a justice of the peace. In regard to the lynching affair which occurred at Sun River during our session, we would say that every effort has been made by the grand jurors to ferret out the offending parties, but to no avail, not withstanding the officers of the law have acted with the utmost diligence in this case. We deem it of utmost importance that an officer of the law be stationed at the town of Sun River, and recommend that the county commissioners appoint an under sheriff for this district and grant him the full power of sheriff, the same to be compensated by a reasonable salary. The books of the county officials have been casually examined, but none of the members of this jury being expert ac countants, we feel incompetent to make, in a limited time, a thorough and careful examination. We have visited the different county officers and were received with uniform courtesy and attention. We believe that the several officers are attending to the duties of their respective positions with diligence and ability. We feel especially grateful to the efficient county attorney, who by his zeal in furthering the ends of justice, has been of inestimable assist ance to this jury. .Iolr T. ATIIEY, Foreman of Grand Jury. ARTHUR W. FORD, Clerk. The Railroad Party. The Helena Independent says: A large party of distinguished railroad magnates are at present visiting Helena. They will leave this morning and go over the Northern Pacific road to Cinnabar in the Park region. They are headed by Mar tin Hughitt, president of the Chicago & Northwestern railroad. They are on a pleasure tour which is unmixed with business, further than to see and note the appearance of the country and observe its resources and the condition of its enterprises. After looking through the scenic country in the south, they will on Saturday start east, returning through central Dakota and northern Iowa, arriv ing in Chicago on Tuesday next, in full time for the Chicago convention, which Mr. Hughitt declares is not in the slight est sense an object with himself. It was largely upon invitation of Presi dent Hill, of the Manitoba, that the party came into the country, and the Montana Central have extended them all the cour tesies of their road. Mr. Hughitt says he has been greatly pleased with what he saw and is much impressed with the imil eral resources of the country and the richness of the Sand Coulee mines, which he viewed carefully. He told the re porter that an amusing incident had oc curred in his trip, which consisted in his being mistaken for a distinguished gentleman, which mistaken identity, he says he has no reason to feel ashamed of. It was communicated from Great Falls to the papers of Helena that Mayor Hewitt, of New York, was in that town viewing the smelter in which he is interested. In point of fact the mayor was not there by some thousands of miles, but the railroad president, whose first name is Marvin, which was mistaken by the correspondent for Mayor, was set down as being Abram 8. Hewitt. He was much amused to think that in the guise of the mayor he was billed to speak on politics at a demo cratic jubilee in this city on Wednesnay night-and more especially as he is a died-in-the-wool republican. IIowever, as was observed yesterday by a well known gentleman, these mistakes will occur, and the more distinguished the personage who is made the brunt of them, the more ridiculous they appear. Our Coming Congressman. Editor of TaE LEALEB. While the republicans of Montana are anxiously awaiting the action of the Chi cago convention to select a national leader our pulse may vibrate with theirs and our hopes for success may be as ar dent, but the question of most importance to republicans in Montana is, who shall be our standard bearer here? The political complexion of Montana for the past six years has been a matter of doubt in the minds of all republicans. Have we ever brought out the full repub lican vote? The nearest we ever came to measuring swords with our opponents was in '84, when 100 votes would have elected Hiram Knowles to congress. The change in Lewis and Clarke county demonstrated the fact that the young re publicans of that county gave J. K. Toole his majority and elected him, while the legislature on joint ballot was re publican. Now let us steer clear of 'the sheals upon which we have "oie been wrecked and with careful consideration try to select, agree upon and bring out a man who is a vote winner; one that will not prejudice or imperil the party, but or ganize and draw to his standard, infusing new blood and progressive ideas, and hold the young men that naturally be long to that grand old republican party. Many republicans in northern Montana believe that our most available candidate fir congress is young Andrew F. Bur leigh, of Helena; and our reasons for thinking him a strong man are very plain. He is of the young school of republicans and in no danger of falling irto the trenches of the older politicans; he is not as bitter partisan as the states man of twenty years ago, while he is a strong believer in and advocate of the the principles set forth by the republican party; and as to talent and ability Mr. Burleigh is second to none and peer to many of our rising young statesmen. Although in the morning of life he is one of the most polished orators and bright esg younc. trnp of our day and time, who might reflect credit upon any state or territory hlie hails from. Mr. Burleigh is a man of very limited means, sur rounded by all the temptations of west ern life and Montana's great wealth, yet lie has never sought to work in the har ness of corporations or monopoly. These are ai few of the many reasons we have in asking for Mr. Burleigh and re publican success. It matters not who is pitted against him; no democrat in Mon tana can defeat him as the full strength of his party will be sure to follow Andrew F. Burlergh. DAN McKAY. What They Say About It. Chicago Tribune(Rep.)--Mr. Clevelant was willing to forego his pre-election pledges, and it if no injustice to him to say that he has been a candidate for a second term since 1885. His public pol icy has been directedin the aid of that, appointments have been made in furth erance of it. His partisans have skill fully cultivatod the idea. His success is necessary to their supremacy in the party councils and their retention of office. Their plans have been promoted by the lack of capable and available men in the party. The managers of the organization had to go to the brink of the grave for their candidate for vice-president. Chicago Inter Ocean (Rep.)-The dem ocratic party of today is .t fortuitous and irregularly cohesive concourse of ill-con ditioned atoms. In the main It is Cal hounish; three-fourths of the delegates from the southern tier favor a fiscal pol icy, which would reduce this nation to the rank of purveyor of food and raw ma terial to England; allied to these are a few Anglo-maniacs who are at variance with the southern tier in all except free trade policies. Another group of atoms, drifted from western and northern states, is allied to the Calhounites of the south ern tier in the heresies of state's rights and "strict interpretation of the constitu tron," but is opposed to the low tariff pol icy. There is not a single political idea which can be said to be common to all or a majority of the delegates to the St. Louis convention. Inter Moountain: Major Maginnis added nothing to his repution as an orator by his speech at St. Louis convention applaud ing Cleveland and denouncing Blaine. We think bad he expressed his honest con victions he would have denounced Cleve land and applauded Bluine. The Maine statesman, many times in congress, went to the rscue of Martin Maginnis, who was then delegate from this territory. On the other hand Cleveland not later two years ago postively refused to ap point Maginnis governor or to appoint any of Maginnis' friends to office in this territory. We do not think the major has a very high opinion of hiniself after his St. Louis effort, Saud Coulee Coal. Dr. G. C. Swallow has just completed an examination of the Sand Coulee coal mines. He states that four feet of the coal will coke, and as much more of the vein can be used for smelting ores with out being coked-its heating properties are of such a high order. The doctor brought home with him today a large specimen from the mine of the Montana Central Company. lie says it is a sample of soft coal that would be hard to beat in any country.-Helena Herald. O 0iYOU WONDE That my store has fairly swarmed with eager buyers every day this year? Well, its no surprise when you know the bargains I am giving in everything in my line, and that I tan selling goods at fully 25 per cent lower than they have ever been sold here before. Coats,- Pants - and"- Vests. ALSO IN Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes, Rnbbere and Slippers of all kinds, Boys's Suits of the latest styles, etc., etc. eHATS! HATS! HATS! Silk Hats, Derby Hats, Fur Hats, Cow Boy Hats and in fact every style known to the Hat-maker. iHats for old men, Hats for young men, I-ats for r- boys, Hats for children, hats to fit every head and ae every pocket-book at about 25 to 40 11 per cent less than ever sold here before. SPRING OVERCOATS SMy assortment this season is immense in qualte and great in variety. All of the popular shades and colors, made of the finest fabrics and in the latest and mosat aproved styles are shown by me. Some are silk faced some are full silk and satin lined, and all of them are nade ap in the e helghth of tailorinl art. MS prices on all goods cannot be equalled in the city. Yon'll make make money by seeing me pefore buying. ONE-PRICE ATCentral Ave. CLOTHIER. , I, Great Falls. WM. ALBRECHT, DEALER IN Furnit e and Hoouse Frniminas, g DECORATED AND PLAIN CHAMBER SETS. Window Shades, Picture Frames, Folding Beds, - Pier Mirrors, Office Desks, Curtain Poles, Book Cases, PARLOR DESKS, WALL PAPERI, BABY CARRIAGES, Bedding, Lounges, Bedroom Suites, Parlor Suites, CHAIRS, RIECLINING CIIAIRS, ETC. In fact anything you want int the Furniture line at Reduced Prices. CENTRAL AVENUE, (GREAT FALLS. M. T. New York Cash Bazaar. THE SPECIAL BARGAIN STOREI The Almighty Dollar, the Many have too Few and the few too Many. NOTE THE FOLLOWING EXTREMELY LOW PRICES: Ladies' Fine Kid Shoes ...................... my rico $2 00 Montana price $2so Ladies' Finest French Kid ..................................my rice i M ,l tana price 7 00 Ladies' (Goat worked lluttonhole hies i... ............ my piliCe 1.10 Moatiana price 200 Ladies' Goat worked Buttonhole Shesl . int se....my pri:e 225 Mont.ttia price e 0u Children's Solar Tip Shoes ................................. rie 1 n e Montana price 1I50 ('hildren's Fine High (Cut Sh s .......................... .my price 1' Molltalll prjce 2 0 Men's ongres, Whole Vamps .............................my price 2 00 Montana price 0s Men's Bals, Whole Vaips . .......... my price ( Montana price so Men's ('ongress or iale, Fine ('ailf, tioicor Welt ....... lly price 275 litna trie 400 Men's Saxony Hats ....................................... . . .......my re I t6 a price 51(O Men's ine r Hats............................ ....... y ri 1 75 Mo tana price 2.50 Men's Stiff Hats ............. my price 1.25 lMoitana price 200 Boy's Hats from 25 cents to $1, worth 5 i per cent inore. Everything else in proportion. A full line of Dry olods, Millinery, Notions and Gents' farnisning Goods at l'inic P'rices. R. D. BECKON, Central Avenue. PHIL. GIBSON, Insurance, Loans and Abstracts. W. B. rliALEG . EIGH Iii Ll J. W, ^ ELLIY W. B. RALEIGH & CO. The Leading DRY GOODS House. W Cairr the lar ogt o lnse.sce stock of Dry Goods, ICarpets, Notions, Ladies and Children's Shoes In Northern Mantans. Buying in elnialmctiun with I'i. lhtesa ht,tri sidirect friii factories wenre a i slle io n Oll Is ii t dls 2es wti Iwei liullS's thll~n tl, s.nsll r hnt,n si whli iiuy ho f jiE b lorti. e /til for sUIIPhsl. Mail Onero W, B. RALEIGH, & CO, 'lintitt,,.l. ...l.. Holicital ';ant k'allrj