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THE GREAT FALLS LEADER.
DEVOTED TO THE AGRICULTURAL, MANUFACTURING AND MINING INTERESTS OF NORTHERN MONTANA, L, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JUNE 30, 1888, NO, 3. DO YOU WONDER D no surprise when you know the burgains I am giving in everything in my line, and that I am selling goods at fully 25 per cent lower than they have ever been sold here before. oats,- Pants - and - Vests. ALSO IN ents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes, Rubbers and Slippers of all kinds, Boys's Suits of the latest styles, etc., etc. c ATSI HATSI HATS! 1k Hats, Derby Hats, Fur Hats, Cow Boy Hats and in fact every style known to it the lHat-maker. Hats for old men, Hats for young men, Hats for at boys, Hats for children, hats to fit every head and n every pocket-book at about 25 to 40 Y per cent less than ever g sold here before, h PRING OVERCOATSI My assortment this ER.ason immense in alty and great in ariety Allof the popuiar s. adeand colors mdeof the finest abrics and in the latest and mGt anproed stylrieshown ome aro me are full silk oe and ll of themarcmalde up inthel W indow Glass, Iron Roofing, Gi annot be eqlas ting Powder, Caps, Fuse,'llmake NE-PRICE Plaster, air, Plain and Tar Building Paper CLOTHIER. M ill Great Falls. iaURHYmond, GoldCLAY &COust, CENTW.AL AVENUE, GREAT FALLS, M. T. BEI W. B. RALEIGH IN & CO. fine Tea and Coffee, Lelstkow's Patent Ilour, Pladt o Washburn's Mascotte Coal il, FAMILY, MINER'S SHEP`PMEN AND RANCHER'S SUPPiLIES. Refrigerators, S sWindow , ooBlackr iths Mas. Windlow Gluss, Iron Roofing, Giant and Blasting Powder, Caps, Fuse, I Cement, Plaster, Hair, Plain and Tar Building Papere. Stoves and Tinware, Crockery, Compswre Tin shop in connection with store. Prompt attention given to mail orders `H Lime . . . - PRSO $15 per toO MoPresident Viebaled haPresident. $16 per tore. CATARACT BIIL COMPANY Oats erchant illers. 0 pr Merchandise acture moved to any part of the followcity.Freihting Brreceived ands of High-Grade Flour: Diame corner of entrGold Dust, ,Cataract, Silver Leh CASH PAID FOR WHEAT. MILL FEED fOR SALE OFBI(:P -Cent Avenue. near corner of Park Drive. HILL - Foot of.&Central Avenu e Y C . 1 A. T WIALAL S. W. B. RALEIGH F. H. MEYER. J. W. BELLIS W. B. RALEIGH & CO. j The Leading DRY GOODS House. We carry the largest and best selected stock of Dry goods, Car et, Notions, Ladies ald Chidreii's Shoes In Northern Mantana. Buying in sonnection with the Helena house direct from factories we ar able to sell you goods at poeat deal lower figures than the smaller honses who buy of jobbers. Send for samples. HailOrdr W. B. RALEIGH, & 0 'entrl Avenue, DOW & TUTTLE, hGeneral Hlardware lerchalts. Ot 01cc corner of ('entrel avenure and Foortb strreet. THE REPUBLICAN PLATFORMI. Declaration of Principles-Protection for American Industries the Chief Plank. The following is the republican plat form: The republicans of the United States, assembled by their delegates in national convention, pause on. the threshold of their proceedings to honor the memory of their first great leader, the immortal champion of liberty and the rights of the people,-Abraham Lincoln-and to cover also with wreaths of imperishable re membrance and gratitude the heroic names of our later leaders who have been more recently called away from our councils,-Grant, Garfield, Arthur, Logan and Conkling. May their memories be faithfully cherished. We also recall with our greetings and prayers for his recovery, the name of one of our living heroes whose memory will be treasured in the history, both of the republicans and of the Republic, the name of that noble soldier and favorite child of victory, Phillip Sheridan. In the spirit of those great leaders, and of our own devotion to human liberty, and with hostility to all forms of despotism anid oppression which is the fundamental idea of the republican party, we send fraternal congratulations to our fellow Americans of Brazil, upon their act of abolition of slavery through out the two American continents. We earnestly hope that we may soon congrat ulate our fellow citizens of Irish birth upon the peaceful recovery of home rule ior Ireland. We reaffirm our un swerving devotion to the national consti tution, and to the indissoluble union of the states, antd to the autonomy reserved, to the states under the constitution as to the personal rights and liberties of citi zens in all the states and territories in the union and especially to the supreme and soverign right of every lawful citizen, rich or poor, native or foreign born, white or black, TO CAST ONE FREE BALLOT in public elections and to haye the ballot duly counted. We hold the free and honest popular ballot and the just and equal representation of all the people to be the foundation of the republican government, and demand effective legis lation to secure the integrity and purity of elections which are the foundation of of all public authority. We charge that the present administration anti the dem ocratic majority in congress owe their existence to the suspension of the ballot by a criminal nullitication of the con stitution and the laws of the United States. We are uncompromisingly in favor of the American system of protection; we protest against its destruction as proposed by the president and his party. They serve the interests of Europe; we will support the interests of America. WE ACCEPT TIIE ISSUE and confidently appeal to the people for their judgment. The protective I system must be maintuined. Its aband1 onment has always been followed by i general disaster to all interests except those of the usurer and the sheriff. We a denounce the Mills bill as destructive to the general business, the labor and the farming interests of the country, and we heartily endorse the consistent and patri otic action of the republican representa tives in congress in opposing its passage. We condemn the proposition of the dem ocratic party to place wool on the free list, and we insist that the duties thereon shall be adjusted and maintained so as to furnish full and adequate protection to the industry. The republican party would effect all needed reduction of the national revenue by repealing the taxes on tobacco, which are an annoyance,tud a burden to agriculture, and the tax ,ipon spirits used in the arts and for mercantile purposes, and by such revision of the tariff laws as will tend to check the imports of such articles as are produced by our people, the production of which gives employ ment to our labor; and release from im port duties those articles of foreign pro duction (except luxuries) the like of which cannot be produced at home. If there shall still remain a larger revenue than is requsite for the wants of the govea n ment, we favor the entire REPEAL OF INTERNAL TAXES rather than the surrender of any part of our protective system at the joint be hest of the whisky trusts and the agents of foreign manufacturers. We declare our hostility to the introduction into this country of foreign contract labor and Chinese labor, alien to our civilization and our constitution, and we demand the rigid enforcement of the existing laws against it, and favor such imnuediate legis lation as will exclude such labor from our shores. We declare our opposition to all combinations of capital organized into trusts or otherwise to control arb itrarily the condition of trade among our citizens, and we recommend to congress and the state legislatures in their respec tive jurisdictions, such legislation as will prevent the execution of all schemes to oppress the people by undue charges on their supplies, or by unjust rates for the transportation of their products to market. We approve the legislation by congress to prevent alike, unjust burdens and dis criminations between the state. We altirm the policy of lnpropriating the public lands of the United States to be home steads for American citizens and settlers not aliens, which the republican party es tablished in 1862 against the persistent oppression of democrats in con- ress anti which has broughlt our great western do main into such magnificent development. TE he restoration of unearned RAILItOAD LAND GUIANTS to the public domain for the use of actual settlers, which was begun unltler the administration of President Arthur, should be continued. We deny that the demlocratic party has ever restored one acre to the people, but declare that Iy the joint action of republicans and democrats about fifty millions of acres of unearned lands originally granted for the construc tion of railroatds, have been restoredl to the public domain, in pursuance of the condi S tions inserted by the republican party in the original grants. We charge the democratic administra tion with failure to execute the laws se curing to settlers their title to homesteads and with using appropriations made for that purpose to harrass incocent settlers with spies and prosecutions under the false pretense of exposing frauds and vindicating the law. The government by congress of the territories is based upon necessity only, to the end that they may become states in the union; therefore, whenever the conditions of population, material resources, public intelligence and morality are such as to ensure a stable local government therein, the pen ple of such territories should be permit ted, as a right inherent in them, to form for themselves constitutions and state governments and be ADMITTED INTO TIHE UNION. Pending the preparation for statehood, all officers thereof should be selected from bona tide residents and citizens of the territory wherein they are to serve. South Dakota should of right be imnmediately admitted as a state of the union under the constitution framed and adopted by her people, and we heartily endorse the ,ac tion of the republican senate in twice passing bills for her admission. The re fusal of the democratic house of repre sentaives, for partisan purposes to con sider these bills, is a wilful violation of tile sacred American principles of local self-government, and merits the condem nation of all just men. The pending bills in the senate for the acts to enable the people of Washington, North Dakota and Montana territories to form constitutions and establish state governments, should be passed without unnecessary delay. The republican party pledges itselt to do all in its power to facilitate the admission of the territories of New Mexico, Wyom ing, Idaho and Arizona, to the enjoyment of self-government as states, such of them as are now qualified, as soon as possible, and the others as soon as they may be come so. The political power of THE MOIRMON CIIUUCH in the territories, as exercised in the past, is a menace to free institutions and dan gerous to be long suffered. Therefore, we have pledged the republican party to appropriate legislation, asserting to the sovereignty of the nation in all the terri tories where the same is questioned, and in furtherance of that end to place upon the statute books legislation stringent enough to divorce the political from the ecclesiastical power, and thus stamp out the attendent wickedness of polygamy. The republican party is in favor of the use of both GOLD AND SITTVER AS MONEY, and condemns the policy of the demo cratic administration in its effort to de monetize silver. We demand a reduction of letter postage to one cent. In a repub lic like ours, where the citizen is sover eign and the official the servant; where no power is exercised except by the will of the people, it is important that the sover eign and the people should possess intel ligence. The free school is the promoter of that intelligence, which is to preserve this a free nation. Therefore the state or nation, or both combined, should support free institutions of learning, sufficient to afford to every child growing up in the land the opportunity of good, common school education. We earnestly recommend that prompt action be taken by congress in the enact ment of such legislation as will best se cure re-establishment of our American merchant marine, and protest against the passage by congress of a free ship bill as calculated to work injustice to labor by lessenini wages of those engaged in pre paring materials as well as those directly working in our ship yards. We demand appropriations forthe early rebuilding of our navy, for the construction of coast fortifications and modern ordnance and other improved modern means of defense for the protection of our defenceless har bors and cities; for the payment of just pensions to our soldiers; for necessary works of natural importance;an improve ment of harbors and channels of internal, coastwise and foreign comnmerce; for the encouragement of the shipping interests of the Atlantic, gsrf and Pacific states as well as for the payment of the maturing public debt. This policy will give em ployment to our labor; activity to our vu rious industries; increase the security otf our country, promote trade, open new and direct markets for our produce, and CHEAPEN COST OF TRANSPOIRTATION. We affirm this to be far better for our country than the democratic policy of loaning the government's money without interest to "pet banks." The conduct of our foreign affairs by the present admin istration has been trifling with us by its inellfficiency and cowardice, having with drawn front the senate all pending treaties effected by the repuldican administration for the removal of foreign burdens, the restrictions upon our commnerce and for its extension into better markets. It has neither effected nor proposed any others in their stead. Professing adherence to the Monroe doctrine it has seen with idle complacency the extension of foreign in fluence in Central America, and of foreign trade everywhere among our neighbors. It has refused to charter, sanlction or en courage any American organization for the construction of the Nicaragua canal, a work of vital importance to the main tenance of the Monroe doctrine, and of our intion'al influence in Central and South America, and with the islands and further coast of the Pacific (ocean. We arraign the iresent democratic adminis tration for rTS WEAK AND UNPATiRIOTIC treatmenlt of the fisheries question, and its pusillanimous surrender of the essen tial privileges to which our fishing vessels are entitled in Canadian ports unlder the treaty of 1818, the reciprocal mairtimne leg islation of 1830, and the comity of nations and the treatment which Canadian fishing vessels receive in the ports of the United States. We condemn the policiy of the present administration, and tTle demo cratic majority in congress towards our fisheries, as unfriendly and conspicuously unpatriotic, and as a tending to destroy a national industry and indispensible re source of defense against a foreign enemy. The name of American applies to all citizens of tile republic and imposes on all alke the same obligation of obediences to the laws. At the same time that citi zenship is and must be the panoply and safeguard of him who wears it, and pro tect bhim whether high or low, rich or poor, in all his civil rights. It should and must afford him protection at home and follow and protect him abroad in what ever land he may be on a lawful errand. The men who abandoned the republican party in 1885 and continue to adhere to the democratic party have deserted not only the cause of honest governnment, of sound tinanlce, of freedom and purity of the ballot, but especially have deserted the cause of reform in the civil service. We will NOT FAIh TO KEEP OUtR PLEDG],ES because they have broken theirs, or be cause their candidate has broken his. \Ve, therefore, repeat our declaration of 1880, to-wit: "Reform of the ciiil service auspiciously begun under republican ad ministratioun should he observed in all executive appointments, and all laws at variance with the object of the existing reform legislation should be repealed to the end that the dangers of free institui tion which lack the power of otlicial pat ronage may be wisely and effectively avoided." The gratitude of the nation to the defenders of the union cannot Ibe measured by law. The legislation of congress should conform to the pledges made by a loyal people, and be so enlarg ed and extended as to provide against the possibility of any matn who honorably wore the federal uniforml to become an innate of an alms house or to depend upon private charity in the presence of an overflowing treasury. It would be a public scandal to do less for those whose glorious service preserved the govern ment. We denounce the hostile spirit shown by President Cleveland in his nums erous vetoes of measures for pension re lief and action of the democratic house of representatives in refusing even consider ation of general pension legislation. In support of the principles herein enunciat ed we invite comparison of patriotic tmen of all parties, and especially all working men whose prosperity is seriously threat ened by free trade policy of the preser administration. No Use for Conquerors. After all there are greater possibilities awaiting the boy of today .. :wn:iit eds the young son of Phli., .. Iin. Every Anmericanl boy has piss ilities that Alexander ne\'ver !l. There is a chance for him (and Alex.,nder only had ai cllhance) to becomnie th, ;tllntr it newi states, the developer of ,v ri - i.nsI, tih leader of new tmovem .s, ill preacher of new creeds. When Cyrus Fieli jutid the first At lanti' c(able, lie did at I i z:,-r wv. k for the wor1 than (lid Alexatdier whi( ii hli colt qmu: i Darius, WhVle, Morse invented thi.e legraph lie laid tit. fiu'n dation of tr, tenedous and tunhiled .f progrTess. i\ hen Alexanlder conqueired the Iersian . empiire lie laid the founmsdation for vwars :ail bloody rapinle for eoinntlh got - eritions. Napoleon .iiii t:i Li :t.-st of the nii , vrnl s who .it :let . "ii I .. gait siy great exteni t x.f mi bi i;y conquest. i\\',ll 'I'Thomais .Iefferson bought Louis ania of Napoleon, lie showed the great Corsictan i better way to conquest than his genius had ever suggested. Where is Nuipoleon empire now ? lBut the Louis iana of Jefferson, embracing nearlv ill our territory between the Mississipplli nlld the lRocky mountanis, and beyond, is il ready one of the greatest emlpires oil earth and destined for untold strides of progress. SO the occupation of conqueror is gone, the modern boy who reads the life of Al exander the Great need not envy that reckless and dissipated young king. lie was a great king in his dlay, linbut there is a possibility for the modlern American boy to do more good in the world than he did. Stock Outlook. Never during the history of stock raising ill Montana have reports from the spring or June roundups been so en couraging as they are this year. The great range grass crop of '87, followed by a mnost favorable winter, has bornle abiun dant fruit i an n unprecedented increase of herds and flocks throughout the country. As one stockmanl expressed it,"every cow has a calf; every ewe has twins and tie losses among them are insignificant." Tile unusual rainfall during the past mouth has insured ia luxuriant growth of grass, and as the ranges, thus fal, are not over crowded, a good supply of winter feed may reasonably be exlpected. The out look for stock to recover in a great nleas ure their losses during the memorable winter of '86 and '87 is extremely llatter inhis favorable condition of range in terests will also lead to other gratifying results. Stockmen will lie relieved of that fear which cut such an imporltant figure in inducing tlem last year to sac rifice their cattle on 'a glutted market. There is al abulndRiace of feed with every assurarnce of ia good winter r'aIgC and as cattlemen are financially inl a bettercondi tion than they were a year ago there will be no haste upon their part to sell their bleeves. 'They can afford to hold them for the best market and with the presert railroadl translportation facilities they can take advantalge of it with no extra explense. And then againl ouir constantly ilncresing piopulation is oipening up nuew mnarkets for beef widening the old ones. It will take at least 65,0H0 head to keel) our butcher shops running this year. In view of these facts it is safe to plre dict that the time is near rt hand when M3ontana cattlemen will lie pilac(ed in ai position where, if they cannot dictate their own price for undreesed I.ef, they can, at least, readily avail thenmselves of the most favorable markets. There is mucn h to encoulrage stockimen in this as pect of the situation. --Montana Stock .Journal. A Quiver Full of Arrows. hlusband--VWho is this 3Mr. Smith you have down for our party. Wife--My first husbiand, dear Hluslbund-And Mr. Brown'r Wife--Ohi , lie's the gelntlemali I've( promilsed to mairry if w.r ever divorce. - Town Tolpics. A GOOD STORY. Bob Bnrdette's Experience as a Local Journalist in the State of Iowa. Robert J. Burdette, whom everybody knows whether they ever saw him or not, used to run a little daily paper in Peoria, Illinois. I believe it was Peoria-any how, it was the paper he enjoyed so much because there was never any uncertainty about it. lIe knew positively every Mon day morning that there wouldn't be enough money to pay the compositors Saturday night. He hadn't written so much good humor then as he has since, but it used to crop out once in a while-he couldn't help it. One day a prominent citizen of Peoria got into trouble with a hackman aboutthe amount of his charge or something, and took off his coat and fought him all around the block. lie made it a red day for hackmen, too, and got pretty excited before le finished. The next morning Burdette had pretty nearly a column about it. There had been so much space to fill and he turned his fancy loose and filled it. lie had laughed about it quiet ly to himself all the way home that night after lie wrote it, and inthe morning read it over to see if the boys had got it set up all right, and smiled sort of Inwardly to himself again. About the middle of the afterenoon the man who had the trouble came in. Bur dette trembled a little at first, because he didn't know how he might have taken it, but the man wore a broad grin on his face and seemed to be very much tickled over it. "That was a good one on me in the i'lowlet' this moreing," said the man. "Er-yes--do you think so?" said Bur dette. "Oh, capitol-took it off first-class. Did onu write it." "Oh, yes, I scratched it off in a hurry tonight. We have to have something to lill up." "Of course. But it was really good. I didn't know you could do as well as that," went on the lman enthusiastically. "Oh, I didn't think much of it," return ed Burdette modestly. "If I had only had a little more time, perhaps I might have mntde something out of it." "Oh, you had time enough-plenty of time, I assure you. It was fine. Of course I didn't really do all you said I did." "Oh, of course not. Certainly not. Got to have something lively in a newspaper, you know." "I see--especially in a live local paper." "You understandl it." "I think so. Of course I didn't yell like a man with his foot in a lawn mower all the time I was having the controversy with him." "Oh no--we have to exaggerate a little." "I see-an then I didn't raise the hack man up and pound the fice of the earth with him till the police stopped me from wearing out the pavin ." "No, not at all-had to make it lively you know." "Of course. Then I didn't chase him into the country half a mile, did I now?" "I never heard that you did. I just slipped that in. You know a local pa per "I understand. Then of course I didn't roar so coming back that people thought that there was a hail storm coming." wtlR mere was n u nit aiurni uIuming. "Oh, you didn't roar at all. I made that part up to make it lively." "I thought so. Then I didn't stand on the corner and howl till I was tired and say I could lick any hackman that ever looked through a collar, and go around the streets cracking my heels together and saying I was from Bitter creek where it wa'n't more than a foot wide." "Of course not-nothing of the kind at all. I just put that in-got to in a small town with a daily paper, you see." "I notice you have to. It was a funny piece, take it all together." "Y-e-s, I thought perhaps it was a little funnuy, admitted Burdette a little uneasily. "You say in it the hackman was a small mian?" "Why, yes, rather small, I understood." "Probably not as small as you are ?" "Oh, n-no, I persume not. Im unotvery big you see. Pleasant weather we're ho.ving, major." "Y a-e-s, very pleasant--a little cold for hackmten and some editors I know of. Probably, then, if I licked the hackman there wouldn't be any doubt but that I could lick you?" "Ohll, no; no, sir; not a particle of noubt. (Going to the circus to night, colonel?" "I expect to lie there, but you won't you'll be in the hospital--you little, insig nificant, one-horse country editor," and he reached out and got Burdette b) the col lar. "Chased the manl out heyond the fair grounds, did I? Roared like the 8:30 express comning back, did 1?" and he be ,iun jabbing him up and down like the tasher of an oll-fashioned churn. "My actions would have made a fish laugh, eh? Ioswled around till I tmade the world's back ache, did I ?" and all the time he was dancing around the otffice with Burdette at arm's length. "Oh, you're going to be the great American humorist! No doubt of it at all! You'll make the universe double up and roll on the grass some day! You're funny, oh, so very funny! Just give you a little more practice on me and you can start out lecturing!" and it's hard to tell what would have become of poor lHlrdette if a big pressman hadn't come in just then, with his sleeves rolled up and ink on the sidle of his nose, and re lieved him. The pressman fought the man ten minuites bIefore lie managed to tear his coat off and shut up both his eyes and lire him down the stairs and half way across the sidewalk. lie accomplished it at last, however, and went back to work and llurdette gathered himself together and wrote up a solemn account of the death of the oldest Free Mason, who had just passed away.