Newspaper Page Text
IN GREAT FALLS TOWN BOOSTERS HELD DECORA TION DAY EXERCISES BUT HAD NO DEAD The railroad Colonel Martin Maginnis, After Eloquent Tri bute to Soldier Dead, Asks Way to Cemetery, and Was Told the Town Had None; Why Cooney Remained in Great Falls. Sam Hill was one of the attrac tions at the Billings good roads meeting. Hill was one of the foun ders of Great Falls and a pioneer of Montana. He is now a retired capitalist and lives in a beautiful home in the Puyallup valley, in Washington. In his address to the road makers, Mr. Hill told of incidents that occur red when Great Falls was a village of a few hundred people. The boost spirit, which has made of Great Falls the fine city that it is today, was apparent in those days, according to Mr. Hill. Memorial day was ap proaching and some of those interest ed in the town thought it w'ould be a good idea to hold a Memorial day observance, made through James J. Hill for the best orator that could be obtained in the Twin Cities, magnate picked Martin Maginnis, then considered one of the most elo quent speakers in the northwest. Cow'boys and Indians About 200 persons, including cow boys and Indians, were present when Colonel Maginnis arose to speak. He was in fine form and swayed his aud ience with his eloquence. Maginnis, as nearly everyone in Mon tana knows, had been a distinguish ed soldier in the civil war, then fresh in the memory of those who had par ticipated in it, and was full of his subject. He had a weak spot for the soldier dead and knew how to talk Arrangements were ■ v - ;y ç ■ We Major Martin Maginnis, Who De livered a Memorial Day Address in Great Falls Before the Young Town had a Cemetery. of their sacrifices. As he concluded he paid an eloquent tribute to the veterans that had passed and asked that all present follow him as he led the way to place flowers on the graves of the departed heroes. Out in the street the entire as semblage, Including cowboys and In dians, lined up, Colonel Maginnis heading the column, started to move, the orator turned to Colonel Broadwater, who was the front rank, and asked. Had No Cemetery "By the way; in which direction the cemetery?" "Hell," said Colonel Broadwater. "We ain't got no cemetery, haven't been here long enough for that." And a little boy who had gathered a bouquet to put on the grave of some soldier, threw away his flowers in disgust. But afterwards, on reflec tion, he concluded that a town with out a cemetery must necessarily be the home of live ones. He resolved to stay in Great Palls. This he did and in later years became the editor of the Great Palls Daily Leader. He is E. H. Cooney. As the line -o ONLY 284 VETERANS OF CIVIL WAR IN MONTANA Montana has just 284 Civil war veterans, according to J. P. McCain, after an inspection of the G. A. R. posts In the state. He likened the hoary veterans to a "thin blue line." Mr. McCain is the department com mander of the G. A. R. in Montana., Mr. McCain, who is a pioneer resi dent of western Montana and is an active worker for the Grand Army despite his advanced age, has just re turned from an official visit to the various Montana posts, having stop ped off at Butte, Helena, Livingston, Billings and several other towns. He officiated at the installation of offi cers at each of these posts and re ports that all are flourishing and in excellent condition. Though 284 Union veterans are carried on the roils of the state en campment, there are a number who are not affiliated with the organiza tion. The annual state encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic will be held at Livingston on June 17, 18 and 19, Mr. McCain announced. o The advice "Watch your step!" was never so necessary to pedestrians in the city of Washington as it is right now. So many ears are to the ground. -O The railroads don't know where they're going, but they're on their way. O OKQ O Ö CKO) 10 The year 1919, just passed into history, will be remembered by live stock men of Montana as being the most disastrous year in the annals of the cattle business, with the ex ception of the winter of 1886-87, which was made famous by the sketch drawn by Charles M. Russell called "The Last of Five Thousand." In the winter of 1886, with its suc cession of terrible blizzards, which lasted from Christmas eve till spring, the range was practically depleted of cows and steers. Practically every stockman in Montana went broke. The past year has not been so dis astrous to the owners of stock, al though many have lost a great deal of money, but on account of general conditions throughout the western range country, the depletion of the Montana ranges of cattle in 1919 is a serious matter for the state and it will take several years to recover from the effects of it. Nearly 700, 000 cattle were shipped out of Mon tana last year, as against an average number of 200,000 shipped annually for the past 10 or 15 years. Texas and other large cattle pro ducing states in the southwest lost many hundreds of thousands of cat tle in 1916, 1917 and 1918, and Mon tana cannot look to them for a sup ply of breeding stock and young steers, as could have been done any time in the past 40 years. The Situation in 1886 Old time stockmen, in comparing conditions in 1886 and 1919, tell some interesting history about the early cattle business in Montana. In the spring of 188 6 the valleys of the Yellowstone, Musselshell and Judith were heavily stocked with cattle that had been brought north from Texas. The summer of 1886 was an extreme ly dry one, and many of the cattle men were forced to go north and drive their herds across the Missouri river into the Milk river valley ranges and thus there began a new chapter in the story of Montana range days. A. J. Noyes, who made an investi gation of early cattle days oh the Milk river before his death a couple of years ago, found that the first cat tle raised on the Milk river ranges were owned by Thomas O'Hanlon and a few others from around the Fort Belknap Indian agency. This was about 1878. A1 Shultz became fore man of the outfit. Fort Assinniboine had not then been built and there were few sol diers in the country, so the danger of stealing from the reds was great and the stock had to be close-herded. In 1882 Simon Pepin moved from his western range into the Milk river valley, and Pepin & Broadwater ran cattle there for years after. It was probably their stock- that was first run under what might be called range conditions in that section. Drive Across Missouri The next cattle that came north the Missouri were those of Granville Stuart, the famous pioneer of the gold camps; Conrad Kohrs, John Bie lenberg and others who had been running their herds south of the Mis souri. These came in the fall of 1886. The season had been extremely dry, and Granville Stuart, then one of the leading cattle men in the state, got permission from the government to cross the Missouri and take his stock to the reservation near the Little Rockies. The water holes were so dry that when the cattle reached the Missouri near Rocky Point, they were in misery. As soon as the steers scented the water they started for it on a run, and before the cowpunch ers could turn the herd away from a big bar of quicksand, hundreds were bogged down hopelessly. Every effort to get them out was futile. Even a steamboat on the river tried. by means of a line thrown around a steer, tried to pull one animal loose and succeeded only in pulling the poor brute in two. The cowboys had to take their six-shooters and kill the whole bunch that got into the sand to put them out of their misery. The winter that followed that dry summer of 1886 was probably the worst within the memory of white men in Montana, and hundreds of cat tie men who were wealthy that year emerged in the spring of 1887 with out a cent—some of them hopelessly in debt. Conrad Kohrs, one of the oldest living Montana pioneers today, and John Bielenberg, who were among the biggest stockmen in the state, lost all they had — some $400,U00 worth of cattle, but fortunately were able to pay their debts. Davis Stakes Kohrs One morning in the spring Kohrs met A. J. Davis, the Butte banker, who said: "Con, I hear that you have met with some heavy losses this past winter. How is it?" "We have," replied Kohrs, "but we had enough to pay up everybody," "Well," said Davis, "I thought I would let you know that there is $100,000 to your credit in the bank. so you can start business again as soon as you want to." Kohrs was very much surprised at this remarkable extension of credit to a man who had just gone complete ly broke and after thanking Davis, he began turning over in his mind what he would do with the money. He concluded to go to Oregon and look over the situation, and after do ing so was so enthusiastic about the chances for buying cattle there that he exhausted his $100,000 at once and wired Davis to find out if he could have another $100,000. Davis telegraphed him to do what ever he thought best, so Kohrs spent $260,000 before he got back to Mon tana and thereafter made a big sue cess in the stock business. The brand of Kohrs was D-S, and his foreman was John R. Smith. The headquarters of that outfit was on Dry Beaver creek, at the east end of the Little Rockies. The Coburn brand. Circle C, had headquarters not in is ■Karl jprr ms. - ■ ■ yf 3 m V ■ pi? ■■ * ... ... mm. r-.Si' Mi .* ■ pry Ns L' * ss >>ct ■ % . •* / M m- '• V ■f&M fm i 4 ■» / Æ £Jj r/ -, " I m ■; - 'h SB IP : •; 4 mm IS; « fPs 'rfjÉÜLn n : w •• v:>. a mm ->< ■'***'i***JS, *■ Charlie Lenoir and Dogie Taylor, Two Cowpunchers of the 80's, who were Well Known on the Range; This Photograph, Which is the Property of Teddy Blue of Gilt Edge, Is an Interesting Relic of Those Days. Taylor Was a Texas Cowboy, and Is Wearing the Mexican Hat that He Brought North With Him and Used to Use When He Wanted to Dross Up a Little to go to Town. far away, with Horace Brewster in charge of their stuff. Henry Selben also had a big outfit with Frank Arnett as foreman. County. Beaverhead - Big Horn - Blaine - Broadwater - Carbon - Carter Cascade —... Chouteau - Custer - Deer Lodge Dawson ... Fallon Fergus Flathead _ Gallatin.. Garfield Glacier Granite Hill _- Jefferson_ Lincoln - Lewis and Clark Madison_ Meagher - Mineral Missoula - Musselshell _ McCone Park-- Phillips_ Pondera Powder River Powell _ Prairie_ Ravalli_ Richland Rosebud_ Roosevelt . Sanders _ Silver Bow Stillwater . Sweet Grass Sheridan_ Teton_ Treasure _ Toole _ Valley _ Wheatland . Wibaux _ Yellowstone m Money on deposit in the banks of Montana late in 1919 totaled $231, 696,129, according to a tabulation just made by H. S. Magraw, state super intendent of banks. The report includes the totals of 278 state banks, eight private banks and 140 out of 142 national banks. There are 428 banks of all kinds doing business in the state. On the last call made by the state bank examiner the state and private banks reached the highest point in their total resources in the history of the state, amounting to $127,179,020, as compared to $123,952,587, the pre vious high point, on call of December 31, 1918. The total resources of the national banks on November 17, 1919, showed a total of $107,642,542, making a total of $231,595,129 for all the banks in the state. The total deposits on this call were $104,667,278 for the state and pri vate banks, and $88,002,140 for the national banks, making a total of $192, 669,418 for all banks; of this amount $72,569,366 is made up of time tificates of deposit and savings accounts. Comparing this amount with the savings deposits since the beginning of.the war in 1917 the examiner gives the following figures on the last call prior to the declaration of war and on the first call after the armistice signed: cer was March 5, 1917, time and savings deposits were_$49,499,673 December 31, 1918, time and savings deposits were 68,530,343 November 17, 1919, time and savings deposits were 72,569,366 Showing an increase of $14,039.023 since December 31, 1918, and an increase of $23,069,693 since March 5, 1917. Taking everything into consideration, the financial situation in Montana is in a very satisfactory condition, and one good crop will relieve the strain all the banks in the state have felt during the drought conditions of the past three years. By counties, the distribution of cash is as follows: Time and Savings Dep. $2,425,001 350,264 646,890 328,554 1,982,041 136,852 5,406,028 1,517,031 3,380,062 2,931,650 1,062,224 511,948 3,255,259 2,391,883 2,223,523 28,581 146,217 380,909 1,697,312 212,221 352,095 6,077,264 577,170 340,648 14,858 3,336,877 1,260,403 143,692 3,598,817 727,673 761,011 12,808 1,100,719 520,602 725,829 1,306,431 866,720 1,561,594 272,849 9.436,589 960,571 733,497 2,671,066 377,406 115,948 260,866 1,238,078 717,839 491,685 3,256,569 State Private National Demand Dep. $ 3,629,191 1,439,356* 1,322,056 646,365 2,250,493 394,211 8,439,276 2,086,862 2,871,607 1,613,653 1,721,178 724,282 6,926,669 3,172,010 3,906,266 272,862 666,989 995,402 2,286,627 773,178 721,347 12,232,431 2,066.243 1,159.929 126,465 4,771,361 1,776,189 312,353 2,731,156 1,488.564 1,186.078 179,652 1,691,060 481.199 1,798,844 1,222.176 1,608,400 1,600.878 622,267 16,182,926 1.Z05.670 1.067.222 2,400.888 1.077.379 322.233 699.664 1.589,894 1.393,732 617,914 8,891,267 4 o 3 6 4 2 1 9 1 3 2 1 -13 1 6 .10 6 3 4 1 1 3 4 6 2 -19 1 _. 7 4 8 4 1 1 2 2 4 0 .15 6 .. 2 1 a 3 1 7 2 _ 7 1 3 1 1 0 5 4 8 3 3 1 2 5 3 4 4 5 3 1 1 1 ._. 3 6 2 .. 6 4 .. 5 4 8 5 .. 5 1 2 3 2 6 3 0 _17 7 2 7 1 1 .. 6 2 .10 7 6 1 2 .. 2 6 .10 Northern Montana was soon in its glory as a cow country. The ranges were filled up and the cowpuncher was having his day. Spring and fall roundups were big affairs and ship ping cattle to market was an art. Weeks were sometimes required in getting range stock to the railroads, often many hundreds of miles away. To take cattle that distance and keep them from losing flesh required a lot of knowledge of the game and much judgment. Fording streams with a big herd was another problem. The Yellowstone in flood was always a trial to cowpunchers. Once a herd of Kohrs took three days to cross, so slow was the work, and 83 head were drowned. There were many amusing inci dents that happened in those days of the open range that have been hand ed down by such story tellers as Charlie Russell, Teddy Blue (E. C. Abbott) and others. One of these had to do with the first "circulating library" in Montana. It happened that Nick Bielenberg bought a bunch of cattle from Gran ville Stuart ar.d had to move them across the country to the railroad. Stuart was along with the outfit, but he did not pretend to take a hand with the cattle, but devoted most of his time to reading. He also thought it wouldn't do the cowpunchers any harm to read a few books, so he brought along a w'hole sack of them. The "Circulating Library" "The way those cowpunchers would tackle those books was a cau tion," said Nick Bielenberg, in tell ing the story. "They would come in to camp and pick up a book. Pre sently the cook would holler 'Grub Pile' till he was red in the face, but he could never get all of the boys to come and eat at the same time. Just as soon as one puncher would drop a book, another would grab it. "Finally the cook came to me and said: 'Hell, I'm goln' to quit this job. If these damn cowpunchers like them books better than they do my grub, let 'em live on 'em or starve!' "This man was a good cook and I did not want to lose him. I said: 'Bill, you stay right on the job and I'll see that you have no more trou ble.' "That night I sneaked around to Granville Stuart's bed roll and stole his sack of books. Next I wandered in among the bed rolls of the other boys and picked up every book I could find cached. I then took my saddle horse and rode five miles to the Yellowstone river. As I watched the books spinning around in the cur rent on their way to New Orleans, I said to myself, 'There's a real circu lating library.' " HOW OLD TWO DOT FOOLED COWBOYS LEFT THEM IN CHICAGO WITH OUT MONEY FOR PLAYING PRACTICAL JOKE 'Two Dot" Wilson Was Famous Cat tle King of Early Days; at Instance of His Cowboys He Was Arrested in Chicago as Vagrant and How He Got Even. "Two Dot" Wilson was a famous cattle baron of central Montana in the days of the open range. He took his sobriquet, or rather had it wished on him, because of Ills cattle brand, two large dots, and the town of Twodot, in Wheatland county, is named for the "Two Dot" ranch, one of the places where he made his headquarters. He became a man of considerable wealth, but was always, even in the days of his old age, a cowboy. One season he made a large shipment of steers to Chicago, and several of his cowboys who went with him thought they would have some fun at his ex pense. The boys were walking up a street near the stockyards, "Two Dot" be ing perhaps half a block behind them. They met a policeman and told him the old man following them was a vagrant and that he had asked them for money. "Two Dot's" appear ance, being dressed just as he was on the range, bore out the charge and the policeman promptly arrest ed the old cowman. He wanted to know what he was arrested for but was told curtly that the police magis trate was the man for him to talk to, and that if he did not submit to ar rest, there would be trouble. As he had left his revolver at the stock yards he was forced to submit. Passed His Own Bunk So "Two Dot" went along with the officer, while his cowboys, keeping undercover half a block away, laugh ed. As Wilson and the officer passed a bank "Two Dot" asked if he could go into the bank to get some money. The policeman consented and accom panied him. It happened to be the bank in which "Two Dot" had just deposited small fortune, the proceeds of a sale of a train load of Montana steers. He walked up to the cash ier's window with*the officer at his elbow and asked if he could get a check cashed. "Certainly, Mr. Wilson," replied the obliging cashier. "You have about $30,000 on deposit here. How much do you want?" "Blanked if I know how much this blankety blank policeman wants," re plied the irate cattle king to the tonishment of the policeman, who im mediately gave him his liberty. , , „ cowboys had made him and Wilson , the victims of. Wilson got their des- j as Gets Even With Cowboys But before the policeman got away from Wilson he told of the job the BULLARD TO TAKE OFFICE FEBRUARY 1 VETERAN IN SERVICE BECOMES SURVEYOR GENERAL OF MONTANA Grandfather Was the First Treasurer of Jefferson County; Lives in Same House In Which He Was Born in 1873; Has Served Under Many Surveyor Generals. John Gilman Bullard, who has succeeded Henry Gerharz of Billings, resigned, as surveyor general of Mon tana, comes of pioneer stock of Hel ena, his home; of Montana, and of the nation. His mother's father, John C. Gil man, was a trail-blazer and the first county treasurer of Jefferson county. His father, William R. Bullard, a well known physician, was born in Cambridge, Mass., and William R.'s father was the famous Asa Bul lard, founder of many Congregational churches in New England. Henry Ward Beecher is also relat ed to this family, which is of pioneer Puritan stock. The new surveyor general lives in the house at 309 East Broadway, in which he was born in 1873. His mo ther and a twin sister reside with him. Mr. Bullard has spent all his career in the service and is a singu lar example of a man beginning at the bottom and rising to the top. He went into the surveyor general's of fice as a boy under George O. Eaton, and learned lettering under Fin lay MacRae. John S. M. Neill gave him a permanent position in the ser vice in 1893. He served as draughts man in the mineral and then in the agricultural department. In 1908, he became examiner of agricultural plats, which position he still holds. Mr. Bullard's long service may be gathered from the fact that he has \ John Gilman Bullard, New Sur veyor General of Montana. been in the office under George O. Baton, John S. M. Neill, E. W. Beat tie, F. J. Cone, Jetry Locke and Henry Gerharz. Mr. Gerharz resigned to enter busi ness for himself and after nomination by Senators Myers and Walsh, Mr. Bullard has just been confirmed by the United States senate. He expects to enter upon his new duties Febru ary 1. "I hope to make the office of the surveyor general a source of bene ficial information to prospective min ing men and persons desiring infor mation in regard to agricultural land," Mr. Bullard said, when asked of his plans. MONTANA CROP VALUE 1919 TOTALS $60,000,000 Montana crops planted on 4,328, 000 acres yielded $59,493,000 in 1919, according to figures received by Charles D. Greenfield, commis sioner of agriculture and publicity, from the federal department of ag riculture. The products, acreage and yield for the year were divided as follows: Value $19,021,000 25,214,000 5,569,000 3,067,000 766,000 2,861,000 603,000 4,512,000 Crop. Hay_ Wheat Oats_ Flax . . Barley _ Corn_ Rye_ Potatoes Acreage 762,000 ... 2 , 221,000 .„ 612,000 ._ 410,000 90,000 128,000 68,000 47,000 In addition, Montana produced 11, 000 bushels of pears, valued at $3 a bushel. The total apple crop was 1,298,000 bushels, of which 124,000 bushels comprised the commercial crop. The growth of the corn acreage in Montana is another factor in its pro duction. In 1900 there were 1,598 acres in corn, which yielded a value of $14,172; in 1909 it increased to 6,000 acres with a value of $150,000 and in 1915 it increased to 70,000 acres with a value of $1,362,000. The last year broke all records for corn production with 126,000 in crop, which returned $2,861,000. acres cription. They were his cowboys. He remembered that he had not paid them and that they had an appoint ment with him at their hotel where he was to give them their season's wages. Instead of going to the hotel he kept out of sight for a day and then took the train back to Montana, leaving them to find their way back as best they could. It is needless to add that they never tried to play a practical joke on "Two Dot" again.