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FROM GUATEMALA head of state industrial ac cident BOARD MAKES FLY ING TRIP TO SOUTH With Larry Dobell, Editor of Butte Miner, Attends Christening of First Ship of New Merchant Marine of Little Republic as Guest of the President. A. B. Spriggs, chairman of the in dustrial accident board, returned re cently from a hurried trip to Guate mala, South America, where he at tended a big celebration when the first unit of the Guatemala merchant marine was christened. Governor Spriggs was accompanied by Mrs. Spriggs and by J. L. Dobell, editor of the Butte Miner, and made the trip at the request of President Estrada Cabrera of the Guatemala re public. The new steamship was purchased by the southern republic from the United States shipping board and is a steel ship of 4,000 tons burden. Guatemala is "wet," Governor Spriggs said, and champagne of rare old vintage which had reposed quiet ly for years in a New Orleans wine cellar was spilled over the new ship's b,ow r as the name, "Présidente Estra da Cabrera," was given. The ship was christened in the port of Puerta Barrios, the principal At lantic port of Guatemala, which is 1,000 miles due south of New Or leans. The little merchant marine with many other ships will be used in exporting bananas, sugar, coffee and hides to the United States and to import from this country all lines of manufactured machinery. Governor Spriggs lived for several years in Guatemala and is an old friend of President Cabrera. FIRST CARPET IN STATE AND USE IT WAS PUT TO Over half a century ago, when Mrs. Wilbur F. Sanders left her eastern home for Montana, she brought with her a roll of carpet. She arrived in Virginia City, along in 1863, when the great placer camp was at its best. There was very little lumber in the camp, and what little there was sold at fabu lous prices because of the labor in its manufacture, every piece of timber having been made by the whipsaw process. The whipsaw pro cess consists of two men operating a large saw with which rough boards are sawed from a log. Mrs. Sanders, in common with every other good housewife, lived in a log cabin with a dirt floor. She, therefore, had no occasion to use her roll of carpet* One day W T . H. Bartlett, the Butte pioneer, came to her and told her he could sell her carpet for her. He was of the opinion that he could get sev eral hundred dollars for it. She commissioned him to make the sale and in a few days he brought her $800. ...Bartlett had retailed the carpet in small pieces to bar tenders in the numerous saloons. Gold dust was the only medium of exchange. When a miner bought a drink he would take gold dust from his "poke" and pour it on the gold scales. If he happened to be the worse for several drinks he might spill a little of the precious dust on the bar. Then he would scrape it back into his "poke." Bartlett sold the carpet strips to go under the gold scales. Then any spilled dust disappeared in the nap of the carpet. At the end of the day the bartender would clean ont his carpet and the mixologist who did not realize $100 per week from this method threw up his job and went to some saloon where business was more brisk. After that the bartender who did not have a strip of carpet was out of luck and out of money. ed ■o* Discuss Oil Lease Regulations Governors of California, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana and Louisiana were asked by Director Manning of the bureau of mines, to send two re presentatives each to a conference in Washington on April 1 to discuss the interior department's tentative regulations for carrying out the oil land leasing act. "A new note weVe struck it" —Chesterfield sharps", no flats", but my I how Chesterfields do Satisfy! A delightful selection of fine Turkish and Domestic tobac cos, harmoniously blended — that's Chesterfield ! N « o 99 et P « P P I ' ^ nn B B On September 8th, 1883, one of the most distinguished gatherings of celebretles that Montana has ever seen was held on historic Gold Creek, now in Powell county, to wit ness the driving of the golden spike that symbolized the completion of the Northern Pacific railway and furnished Montana with a transcon tinental line. The ceremonies were carried out under the supervision of Henry Vil lard, first president of the Northern Pacific, who had brought with him some of the biggest financial men of the United States, several noblemen from England, noted foreign capi talists from Belguim, Prance and other European countries, and, last but greatest, U. S. Grant. Villard was extremely unpopular in Montana. He was a man of un pleasant personality and much egot ism, who had shown very little ap preciation or gratitude for many favors shown him by Montana peo ple. His only interest in Montana lay in the possibilities that existed for making money out of its lands that had gone to the railroad as an inducement to build the line to the coast; and whatever freight business that the state might develop. When he arranged for the cere monial exercises to mark the com pletion of the road, including the driving of the golden spike, he ig nored Montana people entirely and made no place for them on the pro gram. In fact he was so little re gard did he have for the proprieties of the occasion in his anxiety to in clude his financial friends in the program that he entirely ignored General Grant and left him out of the proceedings. Villard's Program Spoiled. But when the great gathering, drew up around the point where the golden spike was to be driven, and after Villard had called on two fin anciers to strike the spike, a sturdy Montanan pushed through the circle and shouted: "Let Henry the Second strike." Villard looked up in surprise, but his wife caught what the Montanan meant and smiled. "He means let our little son strike." The sledge was therefore placed in the hands of Villard's five-year-old son and he struck the spike, amid much cheer ing. Then the Montanan shouted loud ly, "General Grant, General Grant!" and the people cheered wildly again. As the general stepped forward and took the sledge, the Montanan shout ed, "Send her home, Grant," and with one hard blow the general drove the spike to its head in the tie. Villard turned to a railroad en gineer who had been in charge of the railroad surveys in Montana, and said: "Who's that man who spoiled our program?" our program?" "That," said the engineer, "is Rod Leggat of Butte." Made Leggat Popular. The incident described above made a popular man out of Roderick Dhu Leggat, and no doubt many old timers in the state thought of how Leggat broke up Villard's program last week, when news of the pictures que old pioneer's death at Butte was carried over the state, for there was probably no better known or better liked member of the Montana Pioneers' society when he passed away March 15 at a Butte hospital. The body of the pioneer was taken to Grand Haven, Mich., where it was laid at rest by the side of his mother in a cemetery donated to the city of Grand Haven by, her more than 60 years ago. Roderick Dhu Leggat was 80 years old when he died, and he had been in Montana 54 years. In 1866 he and his brothers, John and Alexand er, bought a steamboat, the Gallatin, and loaded it with goods, which they brought up the river to Fort Benton, which they reached in August of that year. There they had an offer for the steamer and sold it. What to do with their stock of merchandise was the next question. Business at Helena, Virginia City and other of the larger mining camps seemed to be overdone, but Leggat and bis brothers heard of a new camp, Highland Gulch, near where the city of Butte stands today, which seemed to be a promising diggings. They therefore contracted with freighters to transport their mer chandise, and upon its arrival at Highland Gulch, at once opened a store in which Leggat was interest ed until 1872, when he sold out. Mr. Leggat was a prominent mem mm 3 ^ ■ à SSI * 'A j&fi v I BS> f X i ■m . > m SM . % sW-. I éfà E; ■ « K k:.. ■ X« « üosr i M? X » A m/m V •■4 ' ODERICK Dhu Leggat, Montana pioneer who established Leggat Fund to aid Montana pioneers who have met mis fortune in their old age and need assistance, and whose 'death at Butte last week removed one of the picturesque type of frontiers men who built Montana. Leggat ran a store in Highland Gulch, from where city of Butte gets its water, in 1866, and no man who ever asked him for credit was refused. The friends he made in those early days remained his friends through life, and he never forgave nor forgot an enemy. R ber of the Montana Society of Pio neers, and at one time was presi dent of that organization. He took an active interest in the affairs of the society and numbered among his TINY MONTANA PUBLICATION If the question were to be asked, "What is the smallest, the most pop ular and at the same time the most unique weekly publication issued in Montana," it is probable that many hundreds of people would vote in favor of the Official Bulletin, pub lished weekly by the Montana De OFFICIAL BULLETIN OF THE MONTANA DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION A Slale Wide OnJ Devoted Mo. Well. >d I be Df of Her Ri General Offne: Billiot'. Montana VOI. I MAKCH 13. 192« *0 u YellowMone *alional Bank Buddm* RELOADING THE BLUNDERBUSS It begins to look like the "Square Deal" policy »s going to be popular in the state this summer and fall. A few candidates who had loaded the trusty verbal blunderbuss with a heavy ' class appeal" charge, have dug out the wadding and emptied out the load, to replace it with a single, large round ball marked "A Square Deal." For tunately. the change has been made early enough in the game to save embarrassment in many quarters. For it is one of the signs of the times that the voter is beginning to cast an Interested and spec ulative eye In the direction of the pöliticia begins to look like the business man is going to take an active pan in determining what sort of men are to be entrusted with (he important work of formulating our laws in the future. He is not going to sit idlv bv and leave politics wholly in the hands of the politicians and those who respond readily to the class appeal There is going to lie a big, determined, con structive force in politics In the state this year, and the politician already recognizes that it is a force which must be reckoned with tend an invitation to farmers, professional me*», teachers, pastors and others to join in this big movement At Livingston the meeting Commercial Club rooms and about seventy-five business men were present. Following (he talks of Secretary C. W. Fowler and Business Econ omist Hobt. C. Line, the discussion was carried on by the members themselves in ^n interesting way for more than an hour. AH expressed en thusiasm over the plan. Farmer» Are Enthusiastic held ;n the At Bozeman the meeting was not so large, but was nevertheless in teresting. Three representative farmers were present, and it is encouraging to note that they were fully as enthusiastic as the merchants at the close of the meeting. Each endorsed the work of the Association most heartily One of them said. "I fell out of place when I came to this meeting. I thought it was strictly a merchants' meeting, but I have learned this is a big, co-operative plan in which farmers, business men and others can all join harmoniously. I hope you can return to Boze so°n and give all the farmers of the Gal latin Valley an opportunity to-hear what the Development Association plans to do." At Butte 115 of Montana's most Influential and astute business men gathered in the Silver Bow club for luncheon and responded enthu siastically throughout the program. At Anaconda a dinner was served at the Mon tana Motel, following which the meeting held. About seventy-five were present. A num ber of the members entered enthusiastically into the discussion following the Association speak ers Evidently they are ready for business in Anaconda. it <ha CARRYING THE MESSAGE The big plan of the Montana Development Association to carry the doctrine of a square deal to everybody, in every corner of the stale of Montana, is under Last week s meetings were most encouraging and the speakers who carried the message of the Association's plans and ideals to several of the larger cities of the slate returned glowing with satisfaction, as a result of the interest ay every here shown and the spirit of acclaim with hlch the plans of the Association were received Enthusiasm in Helena At Helena the meeting was held in the new Grill room of the Placer Hotel Secretary Max M. Goodsall interested himself especially, calling a joint meeting of the Chamber of Commerce and Hotary Club. One hundred and eighteen were present, and Chairman Geo, Raipsey set ih- meeting in motion. Horace Ensign led the singing and the meeting developed into a very responsive one A night meeting was held in Helena also, and in Line's practical talk on the problems of today met with most enthusiastic response. At Missoula Director C. H McLeod invited In th- public, and the meeting was held in the To Reach Every Town in State This is the beginning of a campaign which will reach to every town :n Montana and eventually to every school house. Through the ( ounty chairmen, lists of meetings be held this summer throughout the entire state are being prepared. A speakers' bureau is being organized in every county, so that traîne 1 talk 'll! be on hand at public gatherings through out the summer, to tell in a plain, forceful way I hat the Development Association is founded upon the principle of a square deal for all and explain the way in hic h are to era hich the Association hopes to accomplish this for Montana's fut . and ex Front of Montana Development Association Bulletin velopment Association and read by more than 30,000 Montanans. The little weekly has only four pages and there are, on an average, three complete articles to each page. It is printed in two colors—the heads and subheads in red and the rest of the reading matter in black—and is very attractive in appearance. It is seldom that a large list of subscribers awaits the initial num ber of any newspaper or periodical, but the first issue of the Bulletin went to 3,000 regular subscribers and the circulation list has grown with great rapidity since that time. ! is now very generally read in all ! close personal friends practically all of the older residents of the state. Two years ago he started what is known as the Leggat fund of the so ciety, for the assistance of indigent parts of the state, publication in Montana of general circulation which carries no adver tising, and the only one whose col umns are not for sale to any ambi tious advertiser regardless of price offered. On account of the fact that it car It is the only of subjects, including politics, good citizenship, good merchandising, eco ries no advertising, the Bulletin is denied the privilege of second class postal rates. "special permit No. 40" and one cent postage is paid on each copy sent out. It is mailed under The Bulletin has no space to waste and uses no unnecessary words or phrases. Its statements are brief, forceful and very much to the point, and this explains in a large measure its surprising popularity among the business men of Montana. It carries news and editorials of a most timely nature and deals with a wide variety pioneers who have suffered tempo rary reverses, this fund still being in existence and used to assist old Montana residents who are in need. Mr. Leggat started the fund with contribution of $5,000, a similar sum being added by Col. W. B. Thomp son of New York, a former Montana resident and old friend of Mr. Leggat. Administration of the fund was placed in the hands of Charles Power, Norman B. Holter and Clin ton H. Moore, the only instruction given the administrators of the fund that they dispense the money "in accordance with their judgement." From this fund a number of pio neers who have suffered reverses have been relieved. Helped "Pat Jack." Clinton H. Moore, a friend of Mr. Lggat for 40 years, met him at the train on his recent return from Rochester, Minn., and in discussing old friends remarked that "Pat Jack" had gone to the soldiers' home at Sawtelle, Cal., in hopes the trip would benefit his health. "I told Rod that 'Fat Jack' was some what in need," said Mr. Moore in detailing the conversation, "and his first question was 'Did you give him money from the Leggat fund? I told him that I had done so and he said: 'That's right; we must take care of the men who made Mon tana.' "That is the last conversation I had with him," said Moore, "and my heart is heavy today, when I know that he is gone. He was a nomic facts, financial news, adver tising hints and other features. The Bulletin carries each week under the heading, "Washington Tips," confidential news from the national capital which will be found in no other publication and this is one of its most popular features. An other valuable feature is "The Trend of the Times," which gives valuable and authoritative facts regarding the business and financial conditions in the United States and Europe. All of the articles are as of great inter est to the general public as to the business men of the state. The Bulletin is not only read with interest each week by all members of the association, but it includes among its readers practically every clerk in the state. Farmers, ministers, law yers, housewives, bookkeepers and stenographers are numbered among its faithful readers, and every editor in Montana receives a copy as regu larly as he does his most valued ex change. A few weeks ago the general of fices of the association at Billings sent out return postal cards to read ers of the Bulletin asking them what features they liked best and if they thought the publication should be continued, plies were received and every one urged its continuance in enthusiastic terms. It requires a little less than 20 minutes to read the entire issue each week and there are few business men in the state who do not find time to give it a faithful and thoughtful per usal. are constantly sending to the general offices at Billings lists of names of friends, acquaintances and custom ers to whom they want the Bulletin to go, and these are added to the mailing list as soon as they are re ceived. In this way the circulation list is swelled steadily and rapidly. When the Montana Development Association was first organized it was proposed that a weekly bulletin be issued to bring to members regu larly information regarding the pro gress of the association and its pro gram from time to time, but at that time no one foresaw how popular and how widely read and quoted the lit tle publication was destined to be come. With this week, the little periodi cal is in its sixteenth issue. Many hundreds of re Members of the association If ^bu like The Taste Of Coffee You'll like INSTANT POSTUM and youll like it better if you are one of these with whom coffee dis agrees. < cTKe flavor is similar but JPosiiULzn. does not contain, caffeine or any other drug. Better health follows the change. Sold by all Grocers Made by PostUHi Cereal Co.,Battle Creek,Mich. L large-hearted, pioneer. ing generously, and seeking oppor tunities for giving, and a man who was noted for his unfailing gen erosity. "When he started the Leggat fund, he said to me; 'We ought to have patriotic, valorous He was free-handed, glv money care of the old pioneers who need help. I think I had better put aside $2,500 for that work.' Then he thought a minute and said 'No, I had better make that $5,000 to make sure none are in need,' and thus the fund was start ed." a Inseparable From Pipe. "Rod was very fond of his Scot tish ancestry," said Gen. C. S. War ren, a friend and associate of Mr. Leggat for over 50 years. "His full name was Roderick Dhu Leggat and he was a 'canny Scot' in every sense of the tern. When he believed a po sition which he assumed w r as right, he would stay with it in spite of all opposition, and you knew you would find him taking the same stand 40 years hence. "Rod and his corncob pipe were inseparable, in fact I believe he still had the same old pipe which he had smoked for many years at the time of his death. A number of years ago he was in Chicago with a party of friends, and as usual he was smoking the villainous old pipe. They de cided to play a joke on him and ar ranged with a porter at the Audi torium hotel to notify him that smoking such a pipe was forbidden in the hotel. "Rod was sitting in the lobby roll ing out clouds of smoke when the porter came up and delivered the message, and right then the trouble started. The porter fled to the clerk for protection and Rod followed. The row was fierce while it lasted, and I don't remember just what the out come was, but I know Rod kept the pipe and he smoked it at will in the hotel from then on." Never Refused Credit. In speaking of the business policy which characterized the old pioneer, General Warren said: "The general store which he had at Red Mountain City, in the Highland Gulch district, was the finest store in Deer Lodge county, which Included all of this territory at that time; in fact it was the finest store in all Western Mon tana. He never turned a man away from his place, irrespective of whether or not the man had money, and he never refused credit to any one. And he made a wonderful suc cess in spite of the fact he numbered his creditors by the hundreds. "He was a member of the demo cratic party and was prominent in the politics of that party in the old territorial days. He was very mark ed in his likes and dislikes, and the friends he made were warm ones, who remained true through all the years of their lives. The friends he had 40 and 50 years ago are the friends he had at his death." Mr. Leggat was born in Albany, N. Y .,' June 14, 1839. His parents were natives of Scotland and came to Albany in 1831. Mr. Leggat was educated in the Albany public schools and moved to Grand Haven, Mich., when he was 17 years old. In 1872 Leggat acquired valuable mining properties and making many improvements in Highland gulch. These properties he sold in 1895 to the Butte Water company and the water supply of Butte now comes in part from this route. Mr. Leggat went to Butte in 1876 and had been a resident of this city since that time. In 1878 he took a 60-acre placer claim in what is now the heart of the city. This was put on the market as the Leggat and Foster addition in 1880 and many of the lots were sold at a very low price, some of them even being given to people who would agree to build upon them. Mr. Leggat retained part of this property until the time of his death. He was interested at different times in many mining pro perties, not only in Montana, but in Idaho, Alaska, British Columbia and other parts of the continent. He was associated with T. C. Power of Helena in the sheep business in 1895-96-97.