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THE RO OAN PIONEER Entercd as second-claws matter May 12, 1910, at the Fct Located in the !icart of the (rcat Flathead Indian Reservation office at Ronan, Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879 Volume H. No. 34. RONAN, MISSOULA COUNTY. MONTANA, DECEMBER 22, 1911. -- - -$2 Per Year Reservation Roads Again Held Up by Department During the past two year quite a number of county road have been located and platted b; the board of county commission ers across the Flathead reserva tion. At the time such actioi was taken the county surveyo] was instructed to make blut prints of each proposed road and to furnish the interior depart. ment with a copy of same thai the road may receive the approv. al of the department. This ha, been done in each and every in stance. Previous to Jan. 1, 1911, the department, for some unac countable reason, rejected the applications for easements over certain allotments, and thus pre vented the board from establish ing the roads as desired. An other letter has lately been re ceived from the department an nouncing that the matter was closed against the county. This placed the county officials in an embarassing position and pre vents the improvement of the roads on the reservation as has been contemplated. It stopped all road work under consideration and leaves the people here at the mercy of the elements. or upon their own resources so far as road improvement is concerned. Another feature which is not the least vexatious is that all the money expended so far may have been spent in vain, as the roads upon which work has been done may be closed against them 'at any time. When it is known that fully $20,000 was expended on the reservation roads this year it becomes more serious than would appear at first thought. Again, it was intended to com mence in the early spring an other campaign on the reserva tion and build more roads and repair where needed, the roads improved during this year, This will also be impossible now, or until the matter has been thresh ed out with the department and I some title secured in the county, for an easement over the lands adjacent to the roads. There is probably not another I parallel case anywhere in the whole state of Montana. Here is a new country, settled by pro gressive, energetic people, com pletely at the mercy of some bureau chief in Washington for relief from the disadvantages of having no roads. It is a condi tion that should not be tolerated for one moment. The board of county commissioners realize the great need of road work and are ready to do more than their share toward this work, but find their hands completely tied by some departmental regulation regard ing allotted lands. To this paper it seems as though the man or men who have the matter in their control at Washington, should either come out here personally, and in vestigate the condition and do something to correct the abuse, or else should communicate with the local Indian office and get such data as would change their attitude thereon. It can be stated as an absolute truth that the increase in value which is bound to come to every Indian allotment with the build ing of a good road alongside such allotment, should and would be enough to more than offset the depreciation resulting from the loss of the narrow strip taken for such road. Just think of it. A farm without a road to it. Such folly is beyond the reason ing of the most imbecile mind, 's to say nothing of a supposedl: is educated, thinking person, hold ýy ing a responsible position witl i- the general government. n Apology Not Needed r e A prominent business man of I Polson was in town one day' this - week and while here took espec. t ial pains to say to several Ronan - men that he wished to apologize s to the Ronan Commercial club on - his own behalf and for many of the delegation from that town, - who came to Ronan to attend 3 what they supposed was a rail road meeting gotten up by Ronan people. He said that, after the meeting started they learned that they were more mislead than the people here, and to set them selves right before the Ronan business men, he wished to say that none of them were cogniz ant of the real intent and purpose of the meeting. It is very gratifying to Ronan people to know that the real busi ness men of Polson take this view of that meeting. At the time, some felt that it was an imposition to come down here and present such a proposition as was presented, and some resented the imputation that the delegation from Polson should consider us so gullible as to be taken in with such chaff. The people here are ready to assist in every way in their pow er to promote and encourage a legitimate scheme for the build ing of an electric line over this country, and are not particular where the said railroad starts or ends, but it must be a business proposition and not a J. Rufus I Wallingford story. Blackie Daw i may have many counterparts, i and J. Rufus many subterfuges c to part the unwary from their t money, but when Ronan people i know it, not a dollar is going to e be filched from any of them. E The Pioneer congratulates the N PoIson delegation on seeing a c colored gentleman in their wood- r pile, also. Presidential Office. Ronan is now a presidential postoffice, it having been advanc ed to a third class office. Wed nesday Postmaster Sterling re ceived the following letter which explains itself: Washington, Dec. 16, 1911. Postmaster, Ronan, Montana. Dear Sir: The receipts of your postoffice and your compensation as postmaster for the quarter end ed September 30, 1911, have been sufficient to advance the office, under the provisions of the Act of Congress approved March 3, 1883, from the fourth to the third class. Your salary as postmaster has been fixed at the rate of $1,300 a year, beginning January 1, 1912. Respectfully, C. P. GRANDFIELD, First Assistant Postmaster Gen eral. Usually when a postoffice is ad vanced to third class the salary starts at $1000, but the receipts and business of the Ronan post office has been so great that in stead of starting at the minimum the salary is started at what the receipts warrant the department in fixing at $1300 from the start. Mr. Sterling has improved the office equipment to meet thegrow ing demand, and during the rush hours of the day has added to the working force so as to expqdite the handling of the mail. All these are in keeping with the growth of the town and patrons of the office appreciate it. Mr. Sterling's commission from thE president is expected to arrive t any day. "Ring, Ring for Liberty" ly Through the courtesy of Pablo 1& Potvin the above patriotic pic ture now adorns the wall of the principal's room of the Ronan school. On Saturday last the presentation was made by Fred Potvin, the junior member of the firm, and the pupils join with s Professor Healey in expressing their appreciation of the gift. As the title would indicate, it e is the picture of the ringing of liberty bell on July 4th, 1776, at f Philadelphia, and the coloring is in harmony with the subject. It is a gift from which all may re ceive a lesson in loyalty and fealty to the country and is a fit ting object to look down upon the pupils of any school. Ain't it the Truth Pioneer:-My attention was called to the fact that Stanley Scearce renewed a bridge six miles south of Ronan, in better shape than it ever was before. So if the Reclamation Service put in the same kind of lumber over our ditches where the travel is great, I feel sure that the bus inessmen and the community at large would be highly elated. JOHN G. WALMAN. t Superintendent Harmon's Visit State Superintendent Harm n and County Superintendent Mrs. Pearl T. Marshall, were in Ro nan Monday and Tuesday. Mr. Harmon was on his way to Poison to help dedicate the new school house being built there, but upon arriving in Ronan was informed that the building was not completed as yet and that no dedication would take place at this time. A meeting was ar ranged here for Monday evening, and one of the largest audiences assembled in the opera house which has greeted any one up to date. A. Sutherland was the presiding officer, and extended a hearty welcome to Ronan to both Mr. Harmon and Mrs. Marshall, and after listening to several musical selections, Mr. Suther land presented Mrs. Marshall, who spoke on the school problems confronting the people of Ronan and the reservation. She re viewed, briefly, the work of the past 18 months and congratulated the people on the spirit shown in advancing the schools of the rcs ervation. She said that 18 months ago there was only one school, while now there are 18. This is one of the best signs of the class of people who have come here to make homes. Mr. Harmon was introduced and for about an hour gave the people an impromptu address along educational lines. He dis cussed the modern methods of teaching and told of the work of his office during the past seven years. He pointed out some of the defects of modern teaching and told why it was that teach ing as a profession was not as successful as other professions. The real reason, in his mind, wns the fact that four yeurs wa.; thu average life of the school ma'am service, they leaving off teaching to engage in other avocations and thus forcing the inexper ienced into the school rooms, while in other professirnm i. is a life work to ail who engage therein. His talk was entertaining to parents and pupils alike, and if ý e his advice is taken there will be ea great improvement in the schools of the state. Both speakers advocated the consolidated school, basing their conviction on the idea that better o service for less money can be se cured through the establishment e of one central school, graded to meet the demands of the locality, than with many small schools where the teacher has from one to eight grades to teach. It is their opinion, also, that it is much more economical to convey the pupils who live at a distance to the central school than it is to maintain so many smaller ones. It is a matter which should be carefully considered by the peo ple here now, as the indications are that more room must be pro vided for Ronan during the com ing year. In fact, it is certain now that this must be done, and if one central school will do bet ter work and at less cost than many small ones, then we should by all means build the larger and central school. Mr. Harmon and Mrs. Mar shall remained over to attend the farmers' institute and enjoyed the speaking as much as any of us. We all hope to have both of them come again. Miss Effie Hollingsworth filed on a homestead in section 15, 20-20 this week. She purchased the prior entryman's right. I What Would He Say Farmes Gregg of MinnesotE said at the institute Tuesday, that he thought this the best favored country he had even seen during all his many trips over the country. He said that he had visited many states and that nowhere had he seen such great natural advantages as was to be found here in the Flathead. "Why," said he, "you have the richest of soil, the best of water, are protected by the high moun tains to the west and east, have unlimited timber for all purposes and the only thing to fear is that with all these blessings you may become shiftless though not beiug made to exert your selves in making fine homes." Coming from such an author ity that sounded good to us. But does Farmes Gregg understand the matter all the way through? Does he realize just how much there is to discourage, and just what obstacles are thrown in the way of the settler who has located here intending to carve for himself and family a home? With all the vast amount of tim ber to be seen skirting the high mountains to the east of us, there is not one stick available to the settler with which to im prove his land. The settler must have a permit to cut a little wood for fuel; he must have a permit to cut a fence post, to cut a house log, or to use the timber for any purpose. After securing the per mit, he must pay a price fixed by some bureau chief in Washington for the timber. The settler finds that he cannot secure the building of a road to and from his farm, owing to the fact that some allotment may be touched (nroute. He finds that a telephone line cannot be con structed to his farm home for the s:ime reason. He finds that in stead of aiding him to make im p -ovements and develop the re s ,urces of the country, the gov e ronment is pl1 cing every possible obstacle in the way. The thought occurs, what would he say about such treatment if he only knew? Farmers' Institute Tues day Was Well Attended The farmers' institute advce ;e- tised to be held Tuesday was we nt attended by the farmers livin to tributary to Ronan. The day wa Y, pleasant and the speakers arrive )ls before noon from PoIson, when ne they had held a similar meetini is the day before. 15 Professor Cooley, superinten ' dent of farmers' institutes at the ,e agricultural cultural college, way in charge of the speakers, anions S. whom were Farmer Gregg of e Minnesota, of whom it is said n( ) man, dead or alive, has done s( 5 much for the farmers of thai state; Prof. M. L. Wilson, in charge of experimental stations n in the eastern part of the state d and of the faculty at Bozeman; " T. A. Hoverstad superintendent n of farmers' institutes at Fargo, dN. D. d The meeting was held in the opera house at 2 o'clock, and the higher grades of the public school attended in a body, being in charge of Principal Healey, and all of the pupils gave close atten tion to what was said. The course of study adopted for Montana carries a study of agriculture with the other branches and it was deemed wise to have the pu pils attend these lectures. Superintendent Hoverstad talk ed on poultry subjects and gave the experience of the station at Fargo, in its care of chickens and the means adopted to get the hens to lay best in winter. What he said should be of value to the farmers here and should give the industry added value. Prof. Wilson talked on flax cul ture, and while it is probable that very little of this crop will be attempted again next year, by reason of the results attending the efforts of those who sowed it last year, what he had to say on the- subject should be taken in account by anyone who may ven ture to do so. Farmer Gregg lectured on strawberry raising as done by a Minnesota farmer and his exper ience is a valuable asset to those who may contemplate setting out beds of this most desirable fruit. He told how to get the best re sults from the least work, a mat ter of great concern to the busy In the evening at 7:30 another meeting was held and the same interest was shown as at the afternoon meeting. Lectures on subjects were discussed, and bc sides those who spoke in the afternoon State Supt. Harmon talked on his experience as a Gallatin valley farmer. Mr. Har mon owns and operates a farm near Bozeman and while he may be termed an educator he is also a good farmer and is realizing handsome profits from his exer cise of modern methods thereon. Taken all in all, the meetings held in Ronan and in other towns on the reservation will be of in calculable benefit to the new farmers and will give them bet ter ideas on how to start in right. From here the entire party went to St. Ignatius and good meetings were held there both afternoon and evening on Wed nesday. Double Purpose Chickens E. E. Healey, principal of the Ronan schools, is a chicken fan ceri. He has devoted consider able time and study to the busi ness and prides himself on hav ing some of the best of the dif ferent breeds he owns. He has some (l the iinest Leghorns and 11 gets eggs every day, more than g enout h to supply his family s wants and sells a dozen every d once in a while to the writer. e They are good eggs, and when r one says a good egg that means considerable. There is not any - degree of goodness when it is applied to eggs. Then he has what he calls his "double pur pose" chickens, and they are the Buff Cochins. He has a rooster, a mammoth fellow which he in tends to harness to the cart when he moves on the farm next year, and may use him to plow with. Mr. Healey says he has a breast like a Percheron and can travel' as fast as a turtle, so if that is not a chicken for a farmer to breed where will you find one? Big Poultry Show The Western Montana Poultry association will hold its first an nual exhibition at Missoula, Jan uary 9 to 13, inclusive. The state show was held in Missoula last winter and served as an eye opener to the possibilities of the poultry industry in Western Mon tana. It is confidently expected that the coming show at Mis soula will be one of the biggest and best in the Northwest this winter. The premium list is ready for distribu tion and con tains an attractive list of prizes. Poultry breeders and fanciers are invited to send birds to the show at Missoula. If you desire a premium list, send your name and address to L. W. Austin, Secretary-treasurer, Miss oul a, Montana. Mrs. Mix Dead. Word was received in Ronan Wednesday of the death of Mrs. Norman A. Mix at the family home in Missoula early that morn ing. Mrs. Mix was the wife of N. A. Mix who clerked for Fred Potvin about a year ago, and was well known to many people here. She was a niece of Mrs. Potvin and Mr. and Mrs. Potvin and Mr. Rainville left at once to attend the funeral. Besides the sorrowing husband she leaves a young baby and three other small children. Married in Missoula On Dec. 14th, 1.911, Mr. C. S. Lionberger and Mrs. Ella Mc Donald, by Rev. I1. S. Satley, at the home of F. M. Truesdale. The bride and groom were ac companied to Missoula by Mr. and Mrs. Chris Vandenburg. Supper was served following the ceremony and the happy couple are now at home on the ranch northwest of Ronan. Mr. and Mrs. \Tandenburg have also re tarned home. Moving Picture Show. On Christmas day, Monday next, at 2 and 4 p. m., the motion picture show will be on the boards at the Ronan oteý'a house. The electrie light will ! e used for the first time and >. ecial picturss will be shown. Admission 15 cents. Captain Joh n W. 2wanson of the City of Poison, running be tween Some;'s and Poison during the summer mn.nths, was in town Wednesday and filed on a home stead in section _-21-21. Mr. and Ci s. .. C. Luallin have moved back to Ravalli where the foin:er's business re quires his presence.