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ITREASURE STATE FARM AND LOVESTOCKI
COLTS It Will Pay Every Farmer Well to Keep Brood Mares and Raise Some Colts. One often meets with the argumen that it does not pay to keep mares of the farm, that when raising colts the: cannot do their share of the work an( that it is cheaper to buy geldings o: mules for farm operations than t( try and raise them. Such contentioi is not borne out by the experience o hundreds of farmers in this and othei states. While it is true that mares do no raise colts with the regularity thai cattle produce their offspring, anc also that when a mare does raise a colt she must have some rest at par turition time, still ,these two things by no means offset the work of the mare and the value of the foals that are raised. For all practical pur poses a mare can do just as much work on a farm as a gelding. Little Time Lost. When a mare raises a colt she can do practically as much work as the horse with the exception of the two or three weeks which she must have for the rest at the time the foal is born. The value of the foal is cer tainly worth far more than the mare's work during these two or three weeks. In the Gallatin valley, where the general grade of horses is very high, due to the continued use of good sires, it is the general custom among farmers to raise colts from mares that do the farm work. These colts are broken as two and threes and do a share of the work until they are sold generally a year or two later. The bearing of a foal need not in capacitate a mare for farm work. While the farmer has to be a bit care ful not to use the mare beyond her strength and not to strain her, she is fully able to do any of the ordinary work of the farm. There are many instances of where mares were work ed to the very day of foaling, and while this is extreme, still a mare does not require more than two or three weeks off when she bears her foal. A week before the foal is due, the mare should be turned into a pad dock or put in a roomy stall where the foal can be borne in safety. Leave Foal in Barn. When the little frllow is a couple of weeks old his mother can be put to work again. It is a better plan to leave the foal in the barn where it is out of danger of getting tangled up in various implements or wire, and the mare brought in for it to nurse in the middle of both forenoon and afternoon for a time. Later it I will be necessary to bring her in only at noon. 1 It may be more or less trouble to a breed the mares, but nowadays there h are good stallions making the rounds 1 in most communities and these can be i: brought to the farms whenever they 1 are desired. With the present price of horses, draft colts can be raised f to good advantage, at a profit that a will far more than make up for the l outlay of time and trouble. v The reason why a girl doesn't for- c give a man for stealing a kiss is be- h cause she expects him to get busy and h return it. h Please mention the Reporter when a dealing with advertisers. Many a man without an aim in I life shuts his eyes and simply trusts t to luck. p ii $ $ EGGS $ $ ii PRESERVE them with the Gens- f1 ine WILLIAMS EOGG PREBSERVE, no water glass or grease. Two sies, 75c and $1.501 large 1ise will pre- h serve 120 dozen, small size, 0 deosea h Makes ergs look fresh, taste fresh, bharmless. Preserves perfectly for 8 three years, If your dealer ecaet 1h supply you order direct from N. I. Heath * Co., Bllnlge, Montana. Sat I.sfactlon warranted. B Accept no substitutes. Demand the ~eI Genuine Williams Preserver. WE WANT YOUR CREAM YOU WANT OUR MONEY LET US GET TOGETHER. BUTTERFAT Now Higher Than Ordinary Winter Prices wNeed of Your Poultry Shipments SEND FOR TAGS. Great Falls Dairy Products Co. Great Falls Montana ggII IIII ----- ----- ---- - -------I-- - We Are Paying 46c Per Lb. for Butterfat Write for Tags. LEWISTOWN CREAMERY CO. LEWISTOWN, MONTANA. --A IA A A A A A A A A A AA A A A A AIA A Hogan's $30,000 Crop Reply To Wilson's Call to Farms "There's our bit to help Uncl Sam, boys! Thirty thousand dollar t worth of farm products." With this exclamation to the hat vesting crew with whom he wa working Senator T. S. Hogan of Yel I lowstone county, just plain Tom Ho gan as his rancher neighbors call him tossed the last bundle of his sprini grain crop from the wagon to the stack and picking up the lines starte( the team toward his pretty white farm house, that nestles among the cottonwoods in the Pryor Creek val ley, some 14 miles from Billings. An old friend once asked one ni the senator's constituents what vo. cation was followed by the latter and the question proved a puzzler. Farm ing is probably his vocation but there is nothing so sure about it for he has had a score of avocations. Orig inally he was a miner, then a smelter man and afterwards was secretary of state for Montana. He took up law and practiced it successfully, went into farming aid stock raising with similar results and incidentally found time to serve as a state senator and land examiner and to make appraise ments for the federal land bank at Spokane. In between times he lec tured upon questions of public mo ment, was called upon frequently for addresses, and conducted several agi tations to right wrongs of which the farmers were complaining. It was not surprising therefore that his friend qualified his answer by saying, "I think farming." Planted Enlarged Acreage. When President Wilson sent out his appeal to the farmers of America to increase their crops, Senator Ho gan responded by planting a far greater acreage of spring grain than he had expected to sow. This was farmed according to the approved scientific methods and while there have been some failures of spring grain crops in the state, the Senator has proved that there is no occasion to have complete failure, as proper farming will insure a good crop. His 1917 crop, which he estimates will bring in about $30,000, is the largest by far that he has ever rais ed and the present year has been one of the most successful in his farm ing experience. Of course it has not always been so good as this year. 3ne season, when his crop looked nagnificent and he was sharpening he mower cycles, hail cut the grain or him. Another season he reaped a arge crop, but the price was low. Exceeds Youthful Dreaims He will receive 30 times as much or his year's labor as he secured in he days when he worked around the melter at Anaconda or the mines at 3utte and ten times as much as the tate of Montana paid him for serv rg as one of its chief officials. It is sum beyond the wildest dreams of t is imagination, when as a young fel- 1 w he plied the pick and shovel min-I ag and refining the red and white i totals. Tom Hogan does not look the armer, but rather has the appear- 1I nce of the statesman or scholar. A I road Irish brogue, such as you t could expect to find along the lane e -ading to Dublin university, and a onvincing manner of speech, make im an influential speaker. A heavy ead of iron grey hair, topping a igh forehead, and blue eyes add dis inction to a figure that is slender ad athletic. Montana, then a territory, was in lie making when he first reached lutte and secured employment in ne mines. In that making he has layed an important part, especially 1 its law making. Always a student t public questions, he took a deep iterest in the discussions that took 1 lace in the early 90's and as a popu- c st was elected secretary of state. c .t the expiration of his term of office c 1 1900 he was the labor candidate v )r governor. Elected Secretary of State. While serving as secretary of state d e completed the study of law, com- a fenced when he was a boy, and was a Imitted to practice. Soon after yaving public service he entered the sneral practice of the profession at illings and rose to a position of adership in the eastern Montana It . a The call of the wild was too strong, w le however, and about nine years age rs he secured extensive holding in th Pryor Creek valley and on the up lands in southeastern Yellowstone r- county. Taking the country in itr Is raw, naked state, he commenced iti 1- development and today as a result o o- his labor has thousands of acres un 0, der cultivation, hundreds of cattle g grazing on the ranges and a highl3 e improved country home. Intensive d cultivation is conducted by irrigatior e in the valley, while non-irrigated .e methods are used to raise grain or - the uplands. Three years ago he was elected state senator and at once became a leader of his party in the uppet e v t Senator T. S. Hogan of Yellowstone. branch of the legislature. He draft ed the present compensation law af ter much study and his knowledge of the subject was such that he ad dressed both houses upon it. In his first and second sessions he was the author of much progressive legisla tion. With the formation of the federal land bank at Spokane last spring President D. G. O'Shea induced him, because of his general knowledge of Montana conditions and lands, to be come one of the appraisers in this state and he has aided in placing much of the money which Montana farmers have secured through the new farm loan law. Next year he expects to devote his entire attention to crop production, believing that it is of as much im portance to the nation that great crops be produced as it is that a great army be raised, both being es sential to the successful conduct of the present war. He is a firm be liever in the future of Montana's agricultural land and declares that where farmers have really scientific ally farmed this year they have re ceived crop, though probably not so large as in former years, and they have demonstrated that it is possible to grow great crops of grain in the state upon the uplands. BUTTER ILooks as If It Was Going to Be More Valuable Than Fine Gold Before Winter Is Over. The man who pays the bills when he digs into his pockets this fall and coming winter to cover the extra cost of milk, eggs, meat and many other things to go to stock the larder wall have to dig a little deeper if he wishes his family to keep on eating butter. Butter is going up. Produce men do not predict how far the price will advance, but they are sure it will be a good healthy boost over the prices paid last year. And last year butter went to 50 cents a pound wholesale. Have Good Start. The fact is butter prices now are about 9 or 10 cents higher than they were a year ago at this time. Whole sale quotations to the trade are now 42 cents for the best grade. The trend is explained by the large falling off in the supply of butter on hand in cold storage houses on August 1, as reported to the United States government These reports show 81,502,751 pounds in storage, as compared with 102,537,337 pounds on the same date in 1916. Farmers Sell Cows. The reason for the shortage is de clared by produce men to be a fall ing off in the supply of cream. The farmers and dairymen have materi ally reduced their herds on account of the high price of feed, finding it more profitable to sell it than to feed it. The higher prices for butter are not being kept as profit by the mid dlemen, but are being passed on to the farmer, who is now getting 10 cents more a pound for his butter fat than last year. Then It Happened. "I wonder if you could?" mused the Rummy, as he finished the cher ry out of his cocktail. "You wonder if you could what?" demanded the Barkeep, as he reach ed for a club. "I wonder if, when two men are shaking for the drinks, you could say that they are having a rattling good time," replied the Rummy, as he headed for the door. .CELERY ' Time Has Come to Think About Blanching; Some of Best go Ways to Do It. ip ne Those who included celery in their its war gardens should begin to thiny its about methods of blanching, for thi, of_ vegetable is unfit for use unless the tle green coloring matter in the stalks ily has been removed by some method of Vt keeping them away from the light, on Various methods are employed. ed On a small scale, a satisfactory way on to do this is to draw the leaves to gether and wrap the plant in an old newspaper. a A common method used for early er varieties is to place 12-inch boards on - each side of the row, drawing them together at the top and leaving only the tips of the leaves out. The boards may be held together by a short piece of heavy wire with a hook on each end. Tar Paper Not Good. Tar paper is sometimes used in place of the boards, but occasionally this will cause the celery to smell and taste of tar and for this reason boards are to be preferred. Late varieties are commonly blanched with earth and many gar deners claim that this is the only way to produce first-class celery. This method is usually planned for when the celery is set out, the plants being set in shallow trenches. Banking be gins when the plants have a spread of 18 inches or when the outside leaves are from 8 to 10 inches long. The leaves are first drawn up to gether and held in place by earth hoed into the trench after which ad ditional earth may be pushed up about the stalks with a shovel or a regular celery hiller. May Cause Decay. TJie chief objection to using soil _ for blanching the early crop is that dirt pulled up about the plants in warm weather is liable to cause de cay. In most sections of Montana, e however, the seasons are cool enough to permit of blanching even the ear s liest varieties with earth. To avoid e any tendency to decay, one should be careful not to push dirt down into the crown of the plant and a good por 1 tion of the green foliage of the out side leaves should be left projecting above the bank. f About three weeks is required to - blanch early celery and a little lo.ig 9 er for the late green varieties.. With the latter varieties, however, blanch I ing can best be accomplished after the crop is harvested and stored. MONTANA BOY TO FIGHT HIS FATHER IN TRENCHES Somewhere in Europe, when the great American army now being as sembled, goes into action and Mich ael Mayer of Tobison, Mont., stands on the edge of an enemy trench with his bayonet pointed downward, he is going to look into the face of his father, for from the fields of Hung ary another Michael Mayer, his par ent, has been called into the service of his country. The Montana man, one of the first men sent by his country to the train ing camp under the draft law, is a native of Hungary, but a natural ized American citizen and a home steader. He is a fine specimen of manhood and when he was given his medical examination was declared in unusually good condition. He re fused to claim exemptions and de clared himself anxious to fight for his adopted country and the cause of world liberty. The elder Mayer has been in the field for the Central powers for 18 months and during that time has been wounded twice. He is 52 years old. The son has heard from him frequently and in a letter that arriv ed shortly before the draft it was stated that his father was again in the trenches. A UTO WITH WIRELESS WORKING BUTTE FLAT Wireless apparatus, transported in automobiles, is being used by German spies in Butte to send messages at night from the flat south of town to other sections of the country, if the latest explanation of the mysterious action of two automobiles that have been seen running two and fro in that sectiou. is correct. For several weeks every few nights it is said these automobiles with ei ther lights dimmed or no lights at all have been seen driving about in the early dawn apparently searching for something or somdone. From time to time they seem to signal each other as if working in pairs. All the permanent wireless plants privately owned in the country have been dismantled, but it is pointed out that it would be an easy matter to equip a machine with a telescopic tower, and procure the current from a generator driven from the engine of the car. The second machine that is always accompanying the first one is thought to be a guard machine doing sentry work to give warning to the one con taining the wireless station. A widow gets some consolation out of the belief that most of the married women of her acquaintance would like to change places with her. This is a great country. If a man finds that things do not suit him he can always join a political party that promises him what he wants. WORLD NEWS TOLD IN BRIEF S Washington-American prisoners in Germany will be provided with food through the Red Cross. London-The average age of the British aviators is 23 years; that of the French airmen, 24 years. New York-Orders for 6,000,000 heavy army shirts have been placed by the government in New York. Paris-Parisians are limited to two hot water baths a week. Paris and Rome need coal badly now. Rome--Rome has few motor cars [r and no taxicabs. Paris boasts of k more motor cars but has far fewer than London. Grass Valley, Cal.-Alma Edholm e is dead as a result of illness con s tracted from a cake baked by her f August 13, her 13th birthday. Philadelphia - Announcement is made by the Pennsylvania railroad that it will hire men between the ages of 45 and 70 during the war. 1 New York-The excitement of see ing his son make a home run killed William Koch, who fell dead of heart failure among the cheering fans. Davenport, Ia.-Daniel H. Wallace, arrested for violation of the espion age act, has been realeased on $10, 000 bail. He will be tried in Oc tober. Paris-War crosses for bravery un der fire have been awarded Earl Os born and Dominick W. Rich, both members of the American field am bulance. Oakland-A 70-year-old woman, living alone in a cabin, was choked to death by two boys, 14 and 17 years old, and her body thrown in a well. The boys confessed. Fargo-Four Germans applying for American citizenship before District Judge A. T. Cole were denied the right to become citizens, and Judge Cole stated that citizenship would be granted to no Germans. New York-Airplane flights be tween Italy and the United States by the use of the latest Caproni airplane are possible, according to Major R. Perfetti, head of the special Italian aeronautical commission in the Unit ed States. Condon, Ore.-A hen belonging to Mrs. F. N. Block of this town has laid an egg six and three-quarters inches long and eight and one-half inches around the middle, weighing four ounces. This is believed to be the biggest egg on record. Washington-Government exp.eti menters have finished a camera for aerial use which will take photo graphs of people a mile away as clearly as if they were just in front of the camera. The allies probably I will adopt it for their use. Chicago--Ira N. Morris, American ' minister to Sweden, considers the Swedish food situation so serious j that he is ordering flour, sugar, cof fee, lard and canned goods from Z Chicago. Coal in Stockholm is $130 per ton, and tea is $5 per pound. N Washington-There are 146,000 physicians in the United States. The ' army and navy want 30,000 and may need 50,000. The United States is A sending doctors to England where one doctor in rural communities is L looking after the health of 2,500. Buyers for Your Livestock THE GREATEST SALE OF LIVESTOCK EVER HELD IN THE NORTHWEST. OCTOBER 4TH, 5TH AND 6TH At Lewistown, Montana Under the Auspices of the Fergus County Sales Corporation List Your Stock with us Now There will be a big demand for feeders, milk cows, range cows and heifers. The sale is being advertised extensively thioughout Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Illin ois. Hundreds of buyers are expected who will be in the market for feeders. Good Prices Certain to Prevail Fergus County Sales Corporation H. L. Hull, Auctioneer and Manager. Lewistown, Montana. A WORD TO THE WEST When you ship your cattle you want to know who is to convert them into cash. Here are our salesmen. Note the familiar names. Chicago - - CHARLES O. ROBINSON Miles Dodd, John J. Hickey So. Omaha - ALBERT NOE Jas. L. Bush, Albert Noe Jr. Sioux City - ANDREW J. SIMAN City Lester Gravelle St. Paul LEO C. ROBINSON James R. Hunt Kansas City - JAME REID Frank Morgan, Charles Shriver St. Joseph THOMAS McKEE SoseFrank Jackson, H. C. Baker Denver - - CLYDE B. STEVENS James Miller Your cattle in our hands will be handled the way you like them handled, and sold the way you like them sold. CLAY, ROBINSON & CO. AT ELEVEN MARKETS rs Chicago-I.t is believed here that th 70 steamers from the great lakes will be sent to the Atlantic coast to take le the place of coastwise ships taken .f over by the government. Chicago-Mayor W. H. Thompson 10 has sued the Chicago Herald for ;d $250,000 damages, the publisher, James Keeley, being also named as a party to the suit. He alleges that he io has been injured by statements pub lished by the Herald calling him a s traitor. )f Vancouver-An epidemic not un r welcome at this time, when the de mands of war are depleting the man n hood of the dominion, has hit Van 1- couver. It is twins. There have been r 38 pairs of twins born in the past 30 days, 65 per cent of the children be d ing boys. d Washington-Major Murphy, Red s Cross commissioner in France, has ca bled that before Thanksgiving sever - al million garments will be needed d by American troops, including sleeve |t less sweaters, mufflers, socks, wrist lets, wash cloths, bed socks and bot , te covers. Deming, Now Mexico-Seventeen - Villistas were imprisoned here in the - state penitentiary to serve terms of from 17 to 80 years for participating - in the Columbus, N. M., riots. The - men were captured by General 1 Pershing and pleaded guilty to sec ond degree murder. London-There will be great im provement in housing English work ing people when normal conditions are restored. A government commit tee is working out plans for the erec tion of 1,000,000 houses of five rooms each, all to be constructed within four years of the conclusion of peace. The cost will be $1,000, 000,000, and the work will be done by the investment of government funds in the enterprise. Chicago-Retail stores in certain western cities are issuing tin "dis count coins" to customers. They are in denominations from one-half cent to 25 cents. Coin equal to two per cent of the purchase price is given on all sales for cash. The banks by arrangement accept them as deposits. Washington-Gaston de Laval, the Belgian lawyer who defended Edith Cavell, the English nurse who was executed by the Germans, has arriv ed in America and will report to the state department on the Cavell case. He says his report will be a terrific indictment of Prussianism. The Allies. Here's to the Allies, they're fighting as one, That the world may be freed from the scourge of the Hun! More power to the Allies, they fight side by side, That Justice and Mercy be not be crucified! More strength to the Allies, their lives they would give That Liberty in this world ever must live! A toast to the Allies, and conquer they must, Lest the Freedom of mankind be trampled in dust!