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The Ronan pioneer. [volume] (Ronan, Mont.) 1910-1970, November 23, 1917, Image 7

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State Treasurer Harry M. Allen Re
ceives Most Encouraging Reports
and Prepared to Send More Than
Its Proportion From State to Na
tional Organization.
Y. M. C. A. workers throughout the
state have had great success in their
efforts to raise $90,000, the amount
Montana was asked to contribute of
the $35,000,000 fund, which the "Y"
is raising for work among the soldier
boys at home and abroad. As a re
Harry M. Allen of Billings, State
Treasurer of the "Y" War Camp
suit a great big bank balance is now
reported by State Treasurer Harry M.
Allen of Billings, with more money
being received every day.
Mr. Allen is one of the enthusiastic
workers in the Y. M. C. A. field and
was one of the first officials of the
Billings Y. M. C. A., the pioneer or
ganization of Montana. He has con
tributed lavishly of his time and
money to furthering the organization
throughout the state and has been an
officer of the state association since
its formation.
Together with other officials of the
state organization he has been great
ly pleased at the splendid showing
made by Montana and the hearty res
ponse that met the appeal for funds,
when the committee started soliciting
in the various counties. When the
final figures are tabulated and the
funds have been received for trans
mission to the proper authorities of
the national organization, it is cer
tain that Montana will greatly exceed
its proportion.
After Searching for Years, Lawyers
Find Heir to Poughkeepsie Estate.
Name Changed to That of His
Adopted Parents-Wealth Doesn't
Change Him.
Watching the fire box of an en
*gine that pulls one of the Northern
Pacific fast trains from Misoula to
Spokane, William O. Rogers has
worked for several years, unconscious
of the fact that in New York state
there was a large fortune waiting
Now, after a search of ten years,
he has been located by eastern law
yers and soon will come into posses
sion of his property. The estate
which consists mostly of money in a
bank at Poughkeepsie was willed to
Rogers by a grandmother, and has
been held there, increasing through
interest, since he was a baby.
Differences existing betwen his fa
ther and mother were responsible
for his not securing it earlier in life.
They bad separated and he was
adopted by a family named Rogers
when he was 2 years old, his own
name, Claude Van Wyck, was
dropped and he was renamed William
0. Rogers.
When the Van Wycks became es
tranged their baby was placed in an
orphan asylum. The mother died and
the father went to California, where
he died a few years later. Mean
while the baby was adopted by the
Rogers family.
Asylum Records Burned.
Later the orphan asylum was
burned and its records were destroy
ed. Thousands of circulars were
posted in the postoffices throughout
the west. Scores of letters were re
ceived in reply, but it was not until
recently that the lawyers got on the
right trail and discovered that the
heir was working as a locomotive
- fireman.
Sticks to Engine.
Coming suddenly into a good sized
bank account and going from me
diocre circumstances to a position of
affluence in a few minutes did not
affect the fireman very much for soon
after he was notified, hec limbed in
the cab of a big engine, pulled open
the fire box door, shoved in a heap
ing fork of coal, and then climbed
into his seat on the left hand side
of the cab as the giant started out
of the Spokane station.
Womijan Who Made Reputation As
sisting Girls Who Came to Billings
and Who Started Christmas Tree
For Travelers Now Matron at In
dustrial School.
A wonderful record made as ma
tron of the Union station in Billings
has resulted in the appointment of
Miss Mayme Kerr as matron at the
Industrial school at Miles City.
Officially her position in Billings
was "travelers' aid" and her work
was taken care of jointly by the rail-
road company and the Young Wom
an's Christian association. But she
enlarged the scope of her activities
far beyond the duties of her position
and made herself felt as an active
force for good in the community.
She held the position at Billings
almost from the time tne present de
pot was built some eight years ago
until she went to the industrial
school. Her work drought her in
contact with hundreds of young wom
en, who came to Billings in search of
empoyment or happened to stop there
on some trip, laying over to make
railroad connections. As a result
she was able to save many young
women from paths or vice and direct
their steps aright.
Qualifications Are Endorsed.
Working in co-operation with the
deputy humane officer she came in
intimate contact with unfortunate
young women, who strayed from the
straight and narrow path, and gained
thereby experience that especially
qualifies her for the position at
Miles City.
She received hundreds of endorse
ments for appointment as deputy hu
mane officer in southeastern Mon
tana last winter, and while it was
found advisable to name a man for
the position, owing to the many de
partments of the work, when the po
Miss Mayme Kerr, Matron at the
State Industrial School.
sitlon at Miles City was opened, im
mediately the state authorities
sought her and pursuaded her to
take up the work at the industrial
Christmas for Travelers.
As a travelers' aid, Miss Kerr has
gained a national reputation and her
advice and assistance has been sought
by heads of such work throughout
the country.
A feature she helped introduce at.
the Union station at Billings, and
which has gained national attention,
is the travelers' Christmas tree,
which she conducted and which
through the assistance of repot and
railroad officials, members of the U.
C. T. and the public makes, a "Merry
Christmas" for hundreds of travel
ers, who passed through the htation.
The tree, which has been a fea
ture of the holiday season in Billings
for several years, always contained
sacks of candy,.nuts, etc., "and Christ
mas presents, which were distribut
ed to those who traveled through the
city during the day.
Plans for the 1918 state contests,
to be held under the auspices of the
National Federation of Musical clubs,
have already been started and an
nouncement has been made by the
state president that they will be held
between November 1 and 15, 1915.
Following the state contests will
come the district contests after
which arrangements will be perfected
for the biennial program, which will
be held in June, 1919, at the beauti
ful home of Edward MacDowell, the
American composer, in Petersboro,
N. H.
Young artists, ready for the con
cert stage, are invited to prepare
themselves to participate in the state
contests. The state president has
emphasized the fact that it is not de
sired to have young students enter
the contests as failure is apt to dis
courage them and put a damper on
their ardor, as they sometimes are
not able to recoup and often cannot
survive the great disappointment of
Artists, who are ready for the con
cert stage, in a position to accept
management and make a creditable
public appearance are desired for the
contests. They must be entirely
American trained and must be be
tween the ages of 21 and 31 years.
The winners of the biennial contest
last year were Solon Robinson, pian
1st; Marie Loughney, voice, and Gra
ham Harris, violin. They are now
touring the United States in concert
" work under the direction of the Na
tional Federation of Musical clubs.
Mrs. 0. F. Wadsworth of Great
Falls is state president of the organ
Types of Blackfeet Fighting Men of the Old Pays.
In the year 1863, the Blackfeet
bands began to be troublesome-con
fining themselves for the time, how
ever, to the driving off of horses from
settlements and trains. Unless they
had become alarmed at the rapid in
flux of whites, consequent upon the
discovery of gold, there seems no
particular assignable cause for their
hostilities, but as no murders were
committed for a time, there depreda
tons may not have been so much the
result of hostility as a desire to se
cure a valuable consideration from
the whites, by first driving off their
stock and then allowing it to be ran
The American Fur company had
been compelled in some instances to
adopt a policy of concession in some
what similar cases; at all events the
conciliatory attitude, necessarily
maintained toward the Indians, by
the company, had placed far from
their thought all idea of any ener
getic retaliation upon the part of the
whites for wrongs perpetrated upon
A State of Semi-War.
But whatever reasons influenced
the Indians, they rapidly passed from
horse stealing to open hostilities, in
which Blackfeet, Bloods and Piegans,
were alike implicated. Retaliation
followed upon the part of the whites,
and at last murders became frequent
upon both sides. No general war
seems to have waged, however, for,
notwithstanding the state of affairs,
Indians belonging to the hostile
bands, visited the town of Fort Ben
ton for trading purposes and depart
ed unmolested, while the whites
seem often to have visited the Indian
camps with equal impunity. This
state of semi-war lasted for several
years, beginning in 1863 and not ter
minating until the severe chastise
ment of the Piegans by Colonel Bak
er in January, 1870.
In the winter of 1864-5 the Pie
gans attacked and burned agency
buildings at Sun River crossing, com
pletely breaking up the agency, and
compelling the abandonment of the
locality; the agent taking up his resi
dence at Fort Benton. Soon after
ward a party of 12 men, including
John Morgan, John Neubert and Jo
seph Spearson, left Fort Benton for
Montana is building up a splendid reputation for patriotism,
both as regards men and money.
Montana is the only state in the Union which has raised ap
proximately four times its quota of enlistments in the regular
army. The quota for the state was placed at 752 men but up to
date over 3,000 volunteers have been sent into the regular army.
Army officials say this is a remarkable record.
Secretary McAdoo has had many kind things to say of the
whole-pursed responses of the state to the two Liberty loan
issues. First, in which the state was asked for a subscription of
$7,500,000, resulted in a sale of $16,000,000. The quota was
$15,000,000 for the second loan, and about $19,000,000 was sub
The Red Cross quota was 100 per cent oversubscribed.
General Pershing was not a Montana man, but he spent his
fledgling days in the army as a lieutenant in northern Montana
and was stationed at old Fort Assiniboine for several years. All
the old border men of the state know him well.
Willis Haviland, a Montana youth, born in Butte, is one of
the most distinguished aviators in the famous LaFayette esquad
rille, the crack aerial organization of the French flying corps.
He has been cited many times in the war dispatches and dec
orated for valor twice. His achievements are such that his repu
tation is world wide.
John D. Ryan and William B. Thompson, two of the richest
men the state has produced, are devoting their time and millions
to Red Cross work. Mr. Ryan has general charge of all the hos
pital work of the Red Cross, and Mr. Thompson heads the Red
Cross mission to Russia.
Montana's draft registration percentage was 120.3.
Montana's contribution in men to the aviation forces of the
United States is the largest, in proportion to population, of any
an Indian hunt, capturing three Pie
gans, about a mile and a half from
Sun River crossing, whom they exe
cuted by hanging them to trees.
During the same winter (1864-5)
the Piegans committed a murder
which caused much excitement in
Fort Benton and greatly added to the
bitterness of feeling already enter
tained by the whites. A German
clerk, named Hunicle in the employ
of Carroll and Steele, an estimable
young man, accompanied by a
Frenchman, called by the nickname
of Petit Cris (Little Grey), or its
corruption of Logris, left Fort Ben
ton for the Gros Ventre camp on Milk
river to recover some stolen horses.
Surprised by Indians.
Their errand was successful and
setting out upon their return with
the horses in charge, they camped one
night in the Bear Paw mountains.
Here they were surprised by a war
party of Piegans ana captured. Hav
ing been stripped naked, they were
driven in this condition through an
intense cold, urged on with blows by
their inhuman tormentors, until
overcome with cold and fatigue they
gave out after several miles of travel,
when they were put to death, their
captors escaping with tneir horses.
Time passed and no tiding of them
were received at Fort Benton. At
last becoming alarmed at their pro
longed absence, Carroll and Steele
dispatched messenger after messen
ger in quest of them but without
learning anything farther than that
they had arrived safely and had de
parted from Gros Ventres. But not
withstanding the unvarying peaceful
attitude of the Gros Ventres, there
were not wanting those among
the whites who believed them at least
cognizant of the fate of the missing
men. To remove this suspicion the
Gros Ventres engaged activqly in the
search for them, finding the undies
late in the winter and thus unveiling
the mystery of their disappearance.
In addition to the foregoing mas
sacre the Blood Indians killed
Charles Carson and Charles Carofel,
trappers, who had passed nearly 40
years in the wilds of the west, at Pab
lo's Island in the fall of 1866.
Murder on Sun River.
In the spring of 1868, Clark, a
herder of the Diamond R freighting
company was found by his companion
killed in his cabin at Sun River,
about six miles below Sun River
Crossing. An alarm was immediate- t
ly raised and some 12 men speedily d
assembled to pursue the murderers
who were evidently Piegans. A par- o
ty of two warriors, and two squaws,
being then in the neighborhood, one
of the warriors called the Lone Writ
er and the two squaws eluded the
vigilance of the pursuers, but the -
other warrior was compelled to seek
refuge in a cabin about three miles
below Sun River Crossing. t
In the meantime, Captain Nathan- f
lal Pope, special agent of the Black- e
feet, and Deputy United States Mar
shal Hard, hearing of the murders at c
Fort Shaw, rode down to investigate i
the matter and found a party of pur
suers surrounding the cabin, await- I
ing further assistance before attempt- I
ing a capture. Pope and Hard ap
proached the door of the cabin with- I
out hesitation, when the Indian
threw it open and surrendered his
pistol, his only weapon, to the latter.
Capture of Lone Writer.
The majority of the whites insisted I
upon the immediate execution of the
Indian, but through the exertions of
Pope and Hard, his fate was post- t
poned, though it is doubtful whether I
such a reprieve would havy been per- t
mitted had he not promissd to lead
the party to the place of concealment I
of his companion who he said was the
murderer of Clark.
The party then proceeded to the
locality indicated by their guide, who i
was permitted to make signals from
a knoll to secure a response from his
comrades, but in vain. The guide
then indicated a ravine he desir
ed searched, and the party pro
ceeded to examine it, beginning
at its lower extremity, while Mr.
Hard rode by a short cut to its
head with a view of cutting
off the retreat of the Lone Writer
should he be concealed within it. Dis
covering a dark object, as he advanc
ed, he made a detour that enabled
him to approach within fifty yards
without discovery. Then, springing
from his horse and advancing to the
edge of the ravine, he found Lone
Writer and the two squaws lying
there in fancied security, evidently
awaiting the coming of their missing
Presenting his gun, Mr. Hard com
pelled the party to surrender and dis
arm. At this moment the pursuing
party appeared in sight below when
one of them recklessly fired, nearly
killing Mr. Hard, who believed such
to have been the fellow's intention,
though the latter stoutly denied it.
The efficient service rendered by
Mr. Hard in arresting and prosecut
ing offenders against the Indian in
tercourse laws, had procured him the
hearty enmity of the miserable class
engaged in the nefarious traffic, and
it is not unlikely that in this instance
the attempt was made to put into
execution the oft repeated threats
against his life.
Lone Writer Tried to Escape.
Through the efforts of Pope and
Hard an investigation was accorded
by the party before putting the Tn
dians to death, when it became evi
dent from the testimony of the
squaws, that Lone Writer was alone
responsible for the murder of Clark,
the remainder of the party having
abstained from all participation. The
investigation had taken place at Lar
gent's store at Sun River Crossing
and at its conclusion a sentence of
immediate death was imposed by the
party upon the culprit. Securing
him with a rope they proceeded to a
convenient tree, but before reaching
it, Lone Writer, who if a murderer,
was also a brave warrior, by a des
perate effort, loosed his bonds,
sounded the war-whoop, siezed a
stick, and delivering rapid blows
right and left among his captors,
nearly succeeded in effecting his es
cape, but he was at length overpow
ered and hung.
Several of the party, favored the
immediate execution of the other In
dian also, but through the efforts of
Captain Pope, he was confined in a
blacksmith's shop adjacent to the
store to await further evidence. This
was, however, but a pretended con
cesion to his entreaties, for the fol
lowing night the Indian was taken
out and shot by parties unknown. His
body being found the next morning,
riddled with balls. The squaws were
given their liberty.
City Council is Investigating Raise;
Most Unique Water System in the
United States-Was One of First
Achievements of A. M. Holter, 50
Years Ago.
Mrs. "Sallie" Bickford is the
only woman of color In the
United States to control a public
utility. She owns outright the
water system of Virginia City.
It came to her by inheritance
from her husband, who made a
fortune in the placer mines of
Alder gulch many years ago, and
who invested his competency in
the water system, and thereafter
just let the water run down hill
and collected the toll every
month. When he died his .wife
took over the management of the
property, and has controlled it
for 20 years, without untoward
But the other day Mrs. Bickford ie
cided that she was not getting enough
revenue from her property. So she
notified her customers that the water
rates that had obtained for 40 years
would be increased 10 per cent. It
stirred up a municipal tempest.
The Town Protests.
"This is tough," said Frank Mc
Keen, who had sold good liquor over
the bar of the best saloon since the
days when the plain whisky called for
25 cents in gold dust. "Here the state
of Montana goes dry, and Sallie
Bickford boosts the price of water.
It is getting to be a hard world in
which to live."
Things do not move as rapidly in
Virginia City as they did in '63, when
in the course of twelve short months
the town made enough history to last
the state for a century, so the Bick
ford boost of water rates excited con
siderable comment, just as they
would have in any other town where
one had been paying the same rate
for 40 years. Groups collected on the
corners and talked about it. Finally
it was decided to call a special meet
ing of the city council to discuss, the
raise. A committee was appointed
to confer with the owner of the water
plant. There the matter rests.
A Unique Plant.
The Virginia City water plant is a
most unique institution. It was built
by A. M. Holtor, half a century ago,
and was the first of many achieve
ments of that remarkable man. Hol
ter was a worker in wood and a gen
ins. He brought the first saw mill
to the state, and when Alder gule
was in its swaddling clothes was the
lumber magnate of the territory.
When he had sold the local market
stale with lumber at $10 per thou
sand, he conceived the idea of install
ing a wooden pipe water system for
the robust young town. He got the
necessary authority from the city
council, located some sweet water
springs a few hundred yards above
the town, sharpened up a big auger,
and hooked and aguered up so that
he could bore out nice six-foot
lengths of wooden pipe. One end of
these pipes would be sharpened and
the other end hollowed out like the
mouth of a funnel, and when he had
made a sufficient supply of piping,
dug his mains, wiped his joints of
wooden pipe with tar of his own mak
ing, and in a few months had one of
the niftiest water plants in the coun
try operating successfully.
Like the Wells of Lebanon.
There were plenty of wise individ
uals who prophesied that the under
taking would be a losing venture,
that the pipes would rot, and the
whole plant go to pot in a few years.
But would you believe it? These same
pipes that Holter made half a century
ago are still conveying the water
to the thirsty of Virginia City, and
are as sound as they were when they
were installed. The water has sheath
ed the inside of the bore with a thin
lining of limestone, and comes out
of the faucet as sweet as the wells
of Lebanon. It has been pronounced
the best water in the United States,
and this is one of the reasons why
Mrs. Bickford thinks she should have
more money for her product than she
is now receiving.
National Life Insurance
Company of Montana
Legal Reserve Company writing the
most liberal policies on the market.
ASSETS OVER $600,000.
Home Office
Butte, Mont.
Lewistown, Montana
Correspondence Invited.
Over half century in business. Low
Net Cost life insurance. Excellent
opportunity for a few good repre
sentatives on renewal contract.
PETTY and PETTY, State Mgr's.,
Lewistown Montana

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