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The Ronan pioneer. [volume] (Ronan, Mont.) 1910-1970, November 30, 1917, Image 1

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THE RONAN PIONEER .
The Oldest Newspaper on the Flathead Indian Reservation
Entered as second-class matter May 12. 1910, at the post
office at Ronan, Montana. under the Act of March 3, 1879.
VOL. VIII. NO. 31. RONAN, MISSOULA COUNTY, MONTANA, NOVEMBER 30, 1917. $2.00 Per Year
BOOK EXPLAINS
DRAFT PROCESS
The new selective draft regulations
governing the future drafts of regis
.sred men for military service, have
teen sent to all selection boards in a
nook of 255 printed pages, compiled
.nder the direction of Major General
IEnoch -H. Crowder, provost marshal
coneral of the army.
As has been previously announced,
the new regulations effect a material
change in the conscription process by
dividing all registered men into five
general classes, which will be taken
iP order. A man's liability number,
Therefore, determines only his order
within the class to which he belongs.
Class one will be exhausted before
uiass two is called.
The classification will be determin
tr by means of a questionnaire which
jYi registered men must answer. The
answers will show the industrial im
pertance of registered men and the
utent to which they are needed by
iiu:pendents.
Classes one and two, it is believed,
wull furnish all the men needed, un
;as the war is greatly prolonged.
Roughly speaking,. class one will in
tside men without dependents and
aot engaged in necessary industries.
`ass two will include men whose de
nrndents can spare them without
,rds hip and skilled mechanics or
'ricultural laborers engaged in nec
o7ary enterprises.
public officials, executives and
eosnagers of enterprises, men with
enendents unable to subsist comfort
n Wy alone, mariners and necessary
;u:blic employes will he in classes
ciree, four and five and will not be
;aled out until the first two classes
.c exhausted, which probably will
nrcer occur.
Classes one and two, then, ave the
mportant classes. And of the con- I
eiterations affecting. slat jifcations,
- c+ quelition of dependency is the most
t'sportant. In this connection, it is
taserted in the new regulations that
selective service law "exempts
a:r person from military service on
roands of dependency," but that it
'ris authorize "the exclusion or di's
'argo from draft" of those whose
:charge is advisable "because of
if position of those dependent upon
Fn for support."
'he rules than provide for classill
a.tirn (with respect to dl'pi'ndency) 1
;., follows:
'Rule IV.- In class I shall he placed:
(a) Any registrant who has neither
v' fe nor child, nor aged, infirm or in
ii id parents or grandparents, nor
B.er under 15 years of age, nor t
eather under 16 years of age, nor
saipless brother-'or'-wi-ster 8f what.- c
s- -r age, mainly dependent on his
ther for support.
1e) Any married registrant, with
e without children, and any father
of motherlcss children where the
iva or children are not mainly de
m;tdetrt on his labor for support for
t,'r reason that the registrant has
"t:itually failed to support them for
S";afficfent time to justify' a finding
Ie the board that he has been making
pe kona fide attempt to support them
ie the past and cannot be relied upon
tu do Ao in the future-this regard
?. of support rendered recently or
tewsletred for the purpose of evading
*tlttary service.
At) Any married registrant, with or
ws out children, whose wife and
ei.oiren (if any) are not mainly de
-.vdent upon his labor for support
ews the reason that such wife or
:tI diren (if any) receive no sub
nnEtial proportion of their support
Apan the fruit of his labor: put whero
*s the contrary, such registrant is
mw.i'ly dependent for his own sup
v.ort on the income (including earn
,s.av) of his wife.
".1) Any married registrant with or
w ihout children, who is not engaged
,v any useful occupation, and whose
wke and children (if any) are not
maicly dependent on his labor for
.&pport for the reason that his income
v- th income of his wife, or both,
is amply sufficient to support his
wi+e and children, and that the re
ucva of the registrant will not de
prive such wife and children of rea
se ably adequate support.
Rule VJL--In class II shall be
pi ted:
q'a) Any registrant with both wife
and children or any father of mother
lers children, where such wife and
children or such motherless children
3"c not mainly dependent upon his Ia
bor for support for the reason that
there are other reasonably cert
sources of adequate support (exclud
ing earnings or possible earnings of
the wife) availible, and that the re
moval of the registrant will not ii
prive such dependents of reasonably
adequate support.
(b) Any married registrant without
children, whose wife, although the
registrant is engaged in a useful oc
cupation, is not mainly dependent up
on his labor for support, for the rea
son that the wife is skilled in some
special class of work, which she is
physically able to perform and in
which she is employed, or in which
there is an immediate opening for
her under conditions that will en
able her to support herself decently
and without suffering and hardship.
Concerning industrial and agricul
tural considerations in the classifica
tion of drafted men the rules provide
that in class I shall be placed any
registrant not found to be engaged
in a "necessary" enterprise, or, if so
engaged, not "necessary" to it as a
skilled laborer or an executive.
In class 1I shall le placed those
who are engaged in "necessary" agri
cultural or industrial enterprises as
skilled laborers, but not as managers
or executives.
Concerning the word "necessary"
the rules say:
Rule XVII.-The wort? "necessary"
as applied to any industrial or agri
cultural enterprise within the mean- I
ing of these regulations shall ie tak
en to import that the discontinuance,
the serious interruption, or the ma
terially reduced production of such
enterprise will result in substantial,
material loss and detriment to the
military establishment, the adequate
and effective operation of military
forces, or the maintenance of the na
tional interest during the emergency.
Rule XVIII.---The word "neces
sary as applied to the relation of a
regirtrant to an industrial or agri
cultural enterprise within the mean
ing of any particular rule governing
deferred classification in these regu
lations shall he taken to import:
(1) That the registrant Is actually
and completely engaged in the enter
prise in the capacity recited in any
such rule and that lie is competent
and qualified in that capacity.
(2) That the removal of the regis
trant would result in direct substan
tial, material loss and detriment to
the adequate and effective operation
of the enterprise to a degree propor
tionate to the importnace of-the capa
city recited in tin rule.
(3) That the availiable sneply of
persons. competent in the capaity
recited in the rule, is such that the
registrant cannot he replaced in sunch
capacity without direct, subst ant il.
material loss and detriment to the
adequate and effective operation of
the enterprise to a degree proportion
ate to the importance of such capa
cit.
2,800 GERMAN PRIS
ONERS HELD IN U. S.
Two classes of German prisoners
are now detained in this country.
One is comprised of sailors taken into
custody when the United States en.
tered the War the other consists of
"alien enemies", civilians who have
been arrested and are now being
held under governmental regulations
for various reasons.
The principal detention camp is at
Fort McPherson, Ga., where approxi
mately 850 war prisoners are held;
at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga., there are
165 alien enemies; at Fort Douglas,
Utah, there are 517 prisoners of
war and 80 interned Germans. Small
detachments are now temporarily
quartered at Army posts throughout
the country, but their number is rel
atively small.
Altogether there are 2,364 actual
prisoners of war in the custody of the
War Department and about 400 in
terned aliens held at the request of
the Department of Justice.
It is estimated that Germany is
now holding 150 sailors taken from
American ships by commerce raiders
and other German vessels.
40 PUPILS AT TABOR SCHOOL
There are 40 pupils of various ages I
now enrolled at the Tabor school, I
with only one instructor at present. 1
As it is Impossible to do justice to 0
the different grades with this num- I
ber in attendance, it is said that
steps are now being taken to provide
an additional teacher, which would I
greatly simplify the work and bene- i
fit both teacher and pupils. I
NORTHERN PAmlFIC
STARTS ON DEPOT
A. A. Camp, construction foreman
of the Kerrick Construction Co., ar
rived in Ronan the latter part of the
week with a crew of men and sev
eral carloads of material and started
work on the depot. Rapid progress
has been made the past few days and
as we go to press the frame work is
up, walls enclosed and carpenters are
putting up the roof. The indications
are that Ronan can record the com
pletion of her first depot within a
week or ten days.
The depot is located on the east
sided of the track with the north
wall of the building in line with Cen
tral Avenue. and the style of archi
tecture resembles that of the usual
N. P. depot. It is 36x75 feet and the
space will be divided into sections to
provide ticket office, waiting room
nand freight depot.
When the final survey was made,
the impression on many not famil
iar with the situation was that the
depot was so far removed as to be
an inconvenl(nt distance for pas
sengers, but since the rails and nee
essary side tracks are laid, the con
struction of the two elevators and I
tthe instalIllation of a beet dump on the
right of way, and now the erection 1
of the depot, it is readily seen by the
most skeptical that the depot is lo- I
cated just where it should be for the
proper development of the town.
It is less than one-half mile from
the Scearce addition, which is con
venient walking distance, but without
doubt when a regular passenger ser
vice is put into effect automobiles
will meet all trains to accommodate 1
those who prefer to ride the few
blocks. Drays and auto trucks are 1
already in operation handling the £
freight hauled in from Dixon on the 1
construction train.
POPULAR RONAN
COUPLE MARRIED
Miss Ethel V. Heaton and Percy .1.
Carr were married in Missoula on
Thursday of last week by Justice of
the Peace Gagnon. Mr. and Mrs. Joe
Carr and son, Floyd, accompanied
them to Missoula and Witnessed the
ceremony, and the newly married
couple left hiat evening on No. I for
Spokane, which was dois~ leaton's
former home, for a short wedding
trip. They are expected to return to
morrow night and will mi 1 iake their
Ihome here.
The bride and groomn have 1)001)
friends since childhood which cul
minaited in this happy ending. While
Miss Heaton has been in Ronan only
a short time, her charming and grac
ious manner has won her many
friends. She is an accomplished mu
sician, both instrumental and vocal.
having studied for three years in Spo
kane and one year in the Conserv
atory of Music in Cincinnatt. The
groom is the eldest son of Mr. and
Mrs. J. I. Carr. He has also made a,
study of music and is an accomplish
ed pianist and baritone singer and
has a thorough knowledge of practi
caly all band instrument". He Li the
leader of the famous Carr orchestra
and also the leader of the newly or
ganized band in Ronan.
The Pioneer joins their many
friends in extending congratulations
and good wishes.
CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATIONS
Examinations will be held in Mis
soula December 1, 14, and January
5 for civil service positions. An an
nouncement from the civil service
commission states that ten thousand
stenographers are wanted by the gov
ernmenlt for service in Washington.
On December 13 an examination will
be held for men and women to fill vka
cancles as bookkeepers In the reels
mation service.
Full information about both exami
nations may be secured by addressing
Secretary, Eleventh Civil Service Dis
trict, 303 Postoffice Building, Seattle.
A. J. Brower has had the board
sidewalk taken up from the Dillon
barber shop on Central Avenue around
the corner to the Bowdish rooming
house and concrete workers have been
engaged all week putting In a fifteen
foot concrete walk, which extends
out to the curb. This makes a fine I
wide walk leading to the Ronan State :
Bank and offices adjoining and is a :
marked improvement over the rough 1
board walks of the past.
CONGRESS CON
VENES DEC, 3
Members of congress are returning
to Washington for the second session
of the war. Monday, December 3rd,
says a Washington dispatch of the
25th. This session is expected to
rival the last in importance and few
think it will end before the general
election next fall.
President Wilson's opening message
will determine In a great measure
the program of the new legislation.
War appropriation will require much
time, and many domestic matters are
also promised attention.
Future relations between this na
tion and Germany's allies may be de
termined early in the session. Many
members are expecting the presi
dent's address to deal with the ques
tion of whether war shall be declared
against Austria, Turkey and Rul
garia, Sentiment . is strong among
members for this action.
RAPID TROOP MOVEMENT
The American soldier is wearing
seven league hoots these days. Some
idea of how quickly the continent is
being spanned by the khaki contin
gent can be obtained from a state
ment by local officials of the Rail
rond's War Board that 8,00(u have just
been moved from the Pacific to the
Atlantic, 3,700 miles, in just six and
one half days. The men carried all
their equipment with them and were
provided with sleeping cars. The
trains operated in sixteen sections
and consisted of twelve tourist cars
and two baggage cars. There were
five hundred men to a train.
To assure the safety of soldiers in
transit, the railroads have adopted
an average speed of 25 miles an hour
for all troop trains except when
freight cars are included, when the
spged is reduced to 20 miles an-hour.
START WORK ON
NEW RONAN GARAGE
Harry Larson was awarded the
contrict for the construction of the
Inew Silver & Jones garage, and the
01work was begun this week. The old
XIIIult of the First National )nank, a
relic of the lig fire of 1912, still
stood on the site of the new building,
and bad to be cleared away by ti h
use of dynii a iti as an initiai step.
g len and team, have leveled the
ground and all additional crew has
completed the solid concrete fouina
tion this week. The garage will he
50x110 feet, constructed of brick and
concrete and will be absolutely fire
proof and modern. The building will
be completed this fall.
STINGER ESTATE IN COURT
The $62,000 estate which Mri,. Eva
'May Stinger left at the time of her
death ten years ago, has dwindled to
about $33,000, according to the report
pied before Judge Asa L. Dunca in
the district court by Andrew Stlager,
administrator of his wife's estate.
Against this diminished fortune J.
M. Keith, Missoula banker, placed a
claim for $29,000, representing money
said to have been expended for the
benefit of the estate.
Neither the disappointing report
nor the Keith claim will be accepted
without resistance by the numerous
heirs. Eva May Allard, daughter of
the deceased woman, was represent
in court by C. E. Mulroney, who de
ciared that the administrator's report
would be contested. Other heirs
joined Miss Allard in protesting
against the Keith claim Mr. Keith
is represented by H. C. Stiff and T.
N. Marlowe of Missoula
John P. Swee of Ronan and F. A. l
Roberts of Missoula, are representing
the administrator, Mr. Stinger, in
the proceedings, and Assistant
Attorney General Frank Woody of
Helena and United States Attorney
I3. K. Wheeler of Butte also represent
some of the heirs, who are wards of,
the government. The case occupied r
several days of the district court last
week but a verdict has not as yet
been rendered.
There will be two basket ball games
tonight, the first one between Dixon
and Ronan and the second between
Leon and Poison, and both promise
to be worth seeing. A dance and t
lunch will follow the games.
WAR SUMMARY
Petrograd, Novenmer 28.-- Repre
sentatives of the Bolaheviki have
been received within the German
lines ;.nd informed that the Germans
have officially consented to inmmedi
ate negotiations for an armistice on
all fronts of the belligerent countries.
The Germans set December 2 as the
,,date for a conference.
Over 10,000 prisoners have been
r taken by the British in their recent
1 drive against the Hindenburg line.
Some of the fiercest fighting of the
war has taken place at Fontaine
Notre Dame which Is now No Man's
Land and has been completely wreck
ed by machine guns Two vital Ger
man bases are menaced by the Brit
ish victory and the new encircling
-I drive of the French against Laon.
Cambrat is a vital railway center
! for the whdle German line. Five big
- railways converge there. Laon is th
- southern pivot of the German line
I and loss of these two bases woulb
1 compel them to retreat on the entire
line.
The Italians continue to hold te
naciously to their lines against
Austro-German forces who have in
unable to gain additional terrain in
repeated attacks. An armistice ii
order that they might bury their
;numerous (lead hls beenj requested
by the Austrians but owing to lack
of faith in the enemy's intenti.
the Italians refused to grant it. It
is believed that the crisis in Italy is
now passed. French and British-sol
diers have now arrived at that front
to aid the Italians after an eight day
march.
ANOTHER THRIFT
CAMPAIGN BEGUN
A National Thrift Campaign will
open on l)ecember 3rd and continue
through 1918, or until $2,000,000,000
has been raised in small loans for
the government. Plans for the pros
ecution of same in Missoula county
were developed at a conference of
bankers held in Missoula Saturday,
with J. I. Charles of Butte, one of
the organizers appointed for Mon
tana. Frank P. Keith of Missonla
was selected to direct the campaign
in this county.
1'Ph( lnmplign is explctrd to appeal
espoially to tholsi) persons who found
liberty honds 1eyo811 Iheir l ainns.
8eavvings stamps, worth 25 cents, will
1)l' p1)1d (ion Sale in ban5ks, stores,
post offices 11)11 schools. 'iirchalseirs
will affix the s1am1ps to savings
enrds, wih will cost 12 cents each,
designed to honl 16 stamps. A card
filled out, will thiu cost $4.12. It
may be exchanged for a certi ntc,
redeemable for $5.00 at the end of
five years, the difference representing f
Interest at four percent. Or the buy
er may save 20 of the cards, costing
$82.40 and receive a certificate worth
$100.00 In ftve years.
To raise $2,000,000.000 in this cam
'paign will, require a per capita in
vestment of $30.0$.
The postoffices will handle the
starnps for their communities and will
aseek the assistance of .stares and
other agencies. 'The schools will be
enlisted through Miss May Truroper,
state superintendent of public in.
struction.
FLATHEAD I)XGf
FINALLY CAIPTUEI)
According to information received
in Missoula Wednesday, George Der
mood, who robbed the post office at
St. Ignatius and the Stanley Scearce
store, has been arrested in Long
Beach, Calif., and confessed. lie was
arrested after detectives found him
burying a set of burglars' tools and
in his possession the police found
stamps and money orders taken from
the St. Ignatius post office. He will
be prosecuted by the federal govern
ment first and then mity be turned
over to Missoula county for trial.
Detectives have been working on
these cases for several months but
no clue to the burglar had ever been
found, until this man's arrest which
clears up the mystery.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Engle, and dau
ghter, Nina, Mr. and Mrs. Walter
Conway, Miss Bessle Knott and Paul
Reiberg were guests at the W. G.
Brown home for Thanksgiving.
W. V. McIntire went to Arlee yes
terday to spend the day with his-wife.
who fs iii at her mother's home.
WORK BEGINS ON
WATER SYSTEM
E. J. Haugen of Kalispell, foreman
for C. H. Kelley, who has the con
tract for the installation of the Ro
nan water works system, arrived in
Ronan Monday with a force of men
and are now engaged in placing the
concrete base for the tower and tank.
A carload of material has, already ar
rived and is on the ground and more
is in transit and it is not expected
that operations will be delayed for
lack of material, and the work will
be prosecuted steadily with the in
tention of completing it on schedule
time.
Lots 6 and 7 of block 6, Smead addi
tion have been selected as the site
for the tower' and tank, being the
highest elevation in the town. On
this site will be erected the 50,000
gallon wooden water tank on a 110
foot steel tower, the heighth of
which will be ample to furnish the
necessary pressure for fire purposes.
A well will be sunk in block 8, ad
joining Spring creek and the water
pumped from the well to the tank.
Under the present arrangements
the water mains will reach and sup
ply the greater portions of the in
corporated limits of the town, and
these will undoubtedly be extended
as the demand grows and the finances
of the town permit. When completed,
the water system will be entirely
adequate to the requirements and
will. cause much satisfaction to those
who have depended upon the
t(rusty) barrel for so long.
LOCAL MAN WINS
DESERVED PROMOTION
ROSS R. HOLLOWAY
As a reward of merit for ability
and integrity shown during the three
years he has been in the employ of
the Stanley Scearce "Big Store" of
Ronan, Ross R. Holloway has t&h%
week been promoted to the posipWhS
ofdepartment manager of that aill
tation. While a young man, yet .
Holloway has kad a wide and va$44
experience to the mercantile bug
ness and is eminently fitted for .ke
posotlon to which he has been *g
moted. The business of the Big S e6
tlls Crown to such proportions 4601
lag the past few years that the hW
vices of a man of Mr. HoilowiJBS
ability bave long been needed 4 a
in his selection Mr. Scearce feels lief
he has done well.
Mr. Holloway is a man of prorr
sie ideas and initiative and w"h
the experience he has derived Mf
previous association with some of Up
large firms of the east, will no doift
prove himself a valuable man to Ii
new capacity.
FIRST VESSEL LAUNCHED
Washingon, Nov. 24.-With *e
sliding of an 8,000-ton steel ship dopu
the ways of a Pacific coast shipyat*
today, the shipping board recordid
the )punching of the first merd1 snt
ship of the fleet it is building. Otter
accessions of the fleet will be laua*k
ed In a steady program from now oR
including three 26,400-ton steel ships
and three 10,500-ton wooden sbip.
during December.
HOT BREADS
Butter must be saved as well a
white flour. If we add more hot
breads to the diet to save the wheR),
we must see that we do not Increase
the use of butter. Use more cern
syrup-more gravy-more honey,

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