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Tonopah bonanza. [volume] (Butler City [i.e. Butler], Nev.) 1901-1909, February 07, 1903, Image 1

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VOL II.
IUJTLER, NYE COUNTY, NEVADA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 190.1
NO. :J5.
POPL'LATION IN
1900,
15
GROWTH OF TONOPAH
Tonopah in Decembei, 1900, a camp of prospectors along the cropping- of the Miz
pah. In January, 1001, a cluster of tent and a score of windlasses. Later a small
army of leasers, whips, and whims. During the summer an era of small gasoline en
gines hoisting out wealth. The winter of 1001-2, enormous ore dumps being drawn
upon by the carrying power of 1,000 animals. The dawn of 1003, twenty gasoline
engines and seven powerful steam hoists in operation. Business conducted by tele
graph; one hundred telephones and eight hundred electric lights in daily use. . . .
POPL'LATION IN
1903,
1 4,500
THE Tosoi'Aii Bonanza in this is
sue, so far as is possible by the aid
of photographic urt and the repro
duction thereof, presents pictorlally
something of the story of Tonopah's
wondrous growth. To give u fairer
conception of the rapidity with which
a city lias been created during the
time the earth has traveled once uud
a half round the sun kinctoscopie
views or a moving picture were
necessary. The long Main street of
to-day presents many features in
striking contrast to those of even a
month ago, as new structures re
place older ones for the second or
third time. This process is contin
uous, and with the improvements in
projection another year will behold a
city with solid granite buildings at
least on every important corner,
where so recently stood little more
t hau canvas shelters.
ing elevations that could not be bet
ter designed for the almost innumer
able residences with which they are
now covered.
The view given on page 2 presents
the first structural scene in Tonopah
ever depicted by the camera. The
principal unfinished building is that
of the Brougher Bros., the Mizpuh
saloon. Upon the roof of the other
one, Thomas Kendall's saloon, which
was then undergoing construction
also, may be descried the editor of
the Bonanza, attesting the fact that
with hammer and saw he began the
building of Tonopah. In a broader
Held of influence and effect he has
been upbuilding it ever since. 1 1 is
proper to remark here, parentheti
cally, that the aforesaid editor-in-chief
did not suggest this mention.
The summer months will witness
the erection bv the State Hank and
Tonopah's appearance at central
points, yet the general scene pre
sented on this page is of value
in its scope, showing the town look
ing from the slopes of Mt. Brougher
on the west. Mt. Oddie, scried with
ledges and ore channels from surface
exposure to the depths now being
rapidly explored, appears with head
reared over vast lodies of ore, the
extent of which is as yet unknown.
Hut, for the enormous quanti
ties so far developed, the ore in its
gold and silver combination shows a
higher average value than any other
ledge mines heretofore discovered.
The mountains overlooks mineral
locations to the number of 130!), rec
orded in this district to date, through
which the mineral-bearing formation
distinctive of Tonopah is underlying.
Upon the surface is being reared the
Queen City of the Desert.
that I considered it of very little or
no value. However, I took several
samples, passed over a great num
ber of ledges, went on about four
miles and camped on May 19th near
what is now known as the Gold Moun
tain mines, and saw those leads also,
but, as they were small compared
with the large ledges I had discov
ered early in the day, I did not think
much of them, though I took samples
with me which I afterwards had as
sayed. The first sample from Tonopah
which I had assayed contained 395
ounces in silver and 15J ounces in gold
to the ton. I spent some time in
waiting for an assay to be made at
Southern Klondike by Mr. B. P.
Higgs. and on May 26th returned to
Tonopah, made a dry camp, and next
day took about 75 pounds of ore from
the several ledges, which I subse-
sected with fissures 11 lied with quartz
containing rich sulphides carrying
gold and silver. The width of the
mineral zone is as yet unknown, but
there are twenty or thirty shafts be
ing sunk in an area of five or six
miles, so that later on the secret will
be divulged and the extent of the
mineral belt known.
Hanson Talks of Tonopah.
As mining operators become in
formed as to Tonopah the more
ardent their support, as evidenced
by the following :
Having completed the business for
which he came to Salt Lake to tran
sact, Mr. C. L. Hanson, the Tono
pah mining magnate, has taken his
departure and is now speeding on his
way to Chicago, where he expects to
remain for some time. In speaking
of the recent dieclosures in the Cali-
V-ffc- ! t -'"l " limn" flu" ' - g ?.M,g -4K-m&'&' " -w--1 " --s,T'.- .- f0 : ' -
I , , , .mmm
GENERAL VIEW OF TONOPAH, NEVADA, JANUARY 20, J903.
Such transition will be the result
of natural conditions. In remoteness
froiu railway systems the cost of
lumber is enormous, the aggregate
figures whereof would be far beyond
the liuancial possibilities of any simi
larly situated locality less endowed
with mineral wealth. The ever pres
ent danger of a conflagration enters
potently into the calculation. Con
versely, the city lies along the base
of a mountain topped with an lnex
boustilile quarry of gray granite,
upturned in basaltic fashion, easily
blown out in rectangular blocks.
Within two miles are great lodies of
while, volcanic tufa, tire-proof, hard
ening in time and which can be hewn
with an axe, As lime offers oppor
tunity advantage will be taken of all
these abundant sources of durable
building material. And there is no
mining town in the world that can
boast of a finer site, one upon which
a city of the grandest proportions
may be built. The broad main
street, unbrokenly paved with a nat
ural macadam, ascends with a slight
grade southward for two miles to a
plateau where the expanse of com
paratively level space is still greater.
( hi either side are lateral and inter
secting streets, lit gradually increas-
Trnst company of a companion build
ing to the (Jolden block, the home of
the Nye County Hank. Its location
is on central Main street, and the two
will stand as closely together as the
width of the east and west avenue
will admit. The new tire-proof, cut
stone structure will be three stories
in height on Main street, and cover
50x100 feet. This, however, is not
all. The Bonanza is in possession of
of information from first authority
that the large Hrongher lot on Main
opposite fiolden's, which has been
held against all would-be investors,
will be the site of a tine three-story
brick and stone edifice to be
erected for hotel purpose only,
by a combination of eastern and
home capital. The plan adopted
covers 90x100 feet space of the most
valuable ground in the city. In its
massive solidity, details of finish and
appointment the new hostelry w ill be
equal in every respect to any be
tween Salt Lake and San Francisco.
Four views of the east and west
sides of Main street looking both
north and south from Hrougher ave
nue, would show most of the principal
buildings, halls, hotel and business
houses would more, effectually con
vey to the outside world an idea of
KARI.V KACTS AMI DATA AS I'KK
SKNTKK II V ITS lIM'0 KKKK.
Amongst late contributions to the
descriptive and historical literature
of Tonopah is an article by Jas. L.
Butler, well-placed in the biennial
report of the state surveyor-general.
The text is as follows
, Tonopah is nn Indian name, which,
I learned when a Ixiy, signifies a
small spring. The Indians, on their
periodical trips from the Cowich
Mountains and other places to
Rhodes' Salt Marsh, camped at this
spring. Rich mines had been discov
ered in the San Antonio range, and
the country being highly mineralized,
I long considered the mountains in
the vicinity of the spring a good field
for the prospector. Attention to
! other matters kept me away from
! the range until May, 1900, when I left
Belmont, the county seat of Nye
county, on a prospecting expedition
to the south. I passed over the Man
hattan Mountains, left Rye Patch
and traveled all day to the spring
known by the Indians as Tonopah,
near which I found quartz. I followed
up the float and found leads. There
were bold, black croppings of fine
grained quartz, showing a great
quantity of mineral, so much in fact,
quently had assayed by Mr. W. C.
fJayhart, at Austin, the result being
640 ounces in silver and f 206 in gold
to the ton. I was absent from Hel
mont when the returns from the as
say reached there, and when I did
return to Belmont I had office duties
to attend to, and also to harvest the
hay on my ranch, so I did not return
to Tonopah to locate the mines until
August 25, 1900. Mrs. Hutler ac
companied me, and assisted materi
ally in locating the claims. My first
location was the Desert Queen, next
the Burro, and then I told my wife to
name one, which she did, naming it
the Mizpah, which at that time did
not look any better than the others,
but since has proved to be the richest
on record. I also located the Valley
View, Silver Top and Buck-board,
and the group as a whole proves to
be among the richest opened up to
date in any country. ,
The mines are in porphyry, or rhy
olite, and crop at' the base o.' Mount
Oddie and radiate like a fan. The
whole country is porphyritic; no lime
stone. The quartz contains gold, sil
ver and manganese. The leads have
talc casings, the formation being the
1 same on the foot and hanging walls,
i The country is a mineral zone inter-
fornia-Tonopah mine, which he pro
moted, he explained that the ledge
encountered carries a width of forty
feet; four feet of which carries values
which run up into the hundreds and
the balance is a low grade product
which will return a good profit after
milling. The ore was struck at a
depth of 140 feet. It is the intention
to continue the shaft to the 500-foot
level. At the 250 level a drift will be
run to cut the vein. The mine. Mr.
Hanson stated, is equipped with the
best machinery that money can buy.
The company has withdrawn the sale
of treasury stock and none of the
shareholders are disposed to relin
quish any part of their ho'dings.
Asked about the outlook for a rail
road being built into the camp, Mr.
Hanson replied that he expected to
see one constructed to Tonopah dur
ing the present year. "If the South
ern Pacific will not extend its Car
son & Colorado line into the district,
the mine owners of Tonopah will
bnild the line themselves, either to
connect with that line, the Nevada
Central at Austin, or possibly to
meet a line which might be extended
from Utah westward. We feel the
necessity of a railroad and we are
agoing to have it." Salt Lake News.

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