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I iDotniR i luno j^v^zzii st «• *-«- -«. v«. «**~. endin* 6 p. m., .31. For the storm. inS Work Is Folly and Accurately ^ 1.69 inches. Covered. Associated Press and United «■»of fmm METAL MARKET Press Wire Service Brin* News of \irlSl TTOJ1X l fie NEW YORK, Feb. 18. (U.R) — Bar lh<“ World to Th,s P»P*r—A Leader D/v«/t> r*P»n/7 silver, 30c an ounce. Zinc 2.82'jc a I'or More Than a Quarter of a LSQlljr \JllflU ( pound. Copper, 6.25c a pound. Lead, Century. n 3.75c a pound. By C. P. S ■ -11 _ ■ ■ ■ — ._ THE NEW REPUBLIC_VOL. XXVIII. LAS VEGAS, CLARK COUNTY. NEVADA. FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 19, 1932,_No. 43_ the motions of establishing a repub lic. That is. they, which means the Japanese conquerors of the region, are adopting a declaration of Inde pendence (from China) phrased, we are told, after the fashion of our great declaration. Which we adm:t can hardly be improved upon. Then they are electing or about to elect, a new president, in the i person of the deposed boy emperoi of China, who will be president for life. And will have about as much power as the proverbial rabbit. There have been many new re publics established since the World war, most of them republics in name only, purely perfunctory. In most of those countries, called republics, there is some strong figure or group in control. In few of them have the people sufficient self-control to carry out the forms of democracy or abide by the will of the majority. The stability of the United States comes largely because we have the wisdom and strength to submit our selves to the will of the majority. Not that the majority is always right! Par from it. But we have become sufficiently civilized to real ize that our reforms must be carried through by steps in an orderly man ner. And we have faith that, witli the increase of knowledge, the poli cies best for all will be ultimately adopted. The new republic of Manchuria will have able sponsors and protec tors and guidance. Under the Japa nese the country will be well and honestly administered. Its industries will be established and its natural resources developed and its security assured. As happened in Korea. JAPAN AND KOREA When Japan took over Korea, vie are told, the people of that country were held in a condition of serfdom. A small number, perhaps pne hun dred families comprised the wealth and aristocracy of the country. They assumed and exercised the power of life and death oyer the bulk of the population. Then came the Japs and created an entirely new nation. Law was established and the rights of prop erty assured. The wealthy and pow erful were not permitted to plundei the poorer classes. As a result, wealth and prosperity were created with remarkable rapidity, and the country today is well established and the people happy and contented. SHOCKING CHINA We see in the news dispatches that China is rejecting the Japanese ultimatum and the statement that the present tragic happenings at Shanghai may “shock the people into nationhood.” Which sounds encouraging, but of which there is slight chance. The China as we know of it is the fringe of the continent bordering the Pacific. This fringe, in some few places like Shanghai, Hong Kong and other ports, has been leavened slightly by the western civ ilization. Yet even there its effect has been only nominal. In the interior of China there are no railroads, no telegraph — no means of communication whatever except along some of the great riv ers. mere are hundreds of millions of Chinese probably, who never heard of Japan or the United States or cf Shanghai. They speak in vari ous dialects In various parts. They have little or nothing in common. For the most part their existence is devoted entirely to the struggle for enough rice to keep the wolf of star vation away from the door. They have no schools as we know them and education is confined to a very fe.v of the ruling classes. Their government is not by con stitution, tradition or law, but by the small band which far the mom ent has established itself as the most powerful. Under such circumstances it is not surprising that there Is constant civil warfare between various por tions of China. They have little in common except racial resemblance. And it will take a much greater shock than Manchuria or Shanghai and, we fear, a thousand years of time to develop in China a national consciousness which includes more than an occasional local area. LONG WINDED We observe that the delegate to the League of Nations disarmament conference from Haiti, spoke two hours, which was much longer than the representative of any other power. He objected to the protection (Continued on Page Six) Payless Chicago Teachers May Go On General Strike No Salary For Months, Educators Plan Walkout By FREDERICK C. OTIIMAN (United Press Stall Correspondent) CHICAGO, Feb. 18. <U.R> — Unless salaries are forthcoming within the next three days, Chicago’s 14,000 school teachers probably will strike, announced Miss Agnes Clohesy, one of their spokesmen, tonight. TALK WALKOUT “For ten months we've been pati ent—and payless," she said. "Now we’re desperate. The walkout move ment is spreading; teachers’ groups are taking strike votes. We hate to do it. but it is the only way out. “Unless the mayor and these bankers he's conferring with actual ly do something instead of merely making statements about the seri ousness of the situation, we’re going to quit work." "God help Chicago," said Mayor Anton J. Cermak before he went in to conference with the city’s finan cial leaders. He hoped they might do something, somehow, to relieve the acute situation brought on by adjournment of the state legisla ture, without having set a date for the collection of taxes, some of which have gone unpaid for three years. When they filed from' the Chicago clearing house offices, the bankers refused to say what,, if anything, they had accomplished. IN SAME BOAT "The school teachers are in the same boat with all other city work ers," he said, preparing a list of 2,479 municipal employes who will be discharged immediately. “No cash, no jobs," explained Cer mak, adding that every city depart ment, including the police and fire departments, would feel his pruning knife in his final attempt to avert governmental collapse. He intimated that Chicago might seek aid from the federal govern ment, then ordered the city con troller to get out the 1930 tax bills at once. They had been delayed for one year at the behest of the legis lature. The city of Chicago and Cook county now have outstanding $643, 577,000 in bonds and tax anticipa tion warrants. They owe’ millions more in bills and past due salaries. On March 1, the teachers, for in stance, will have $30,000,000 coming to them. On April 1, the various lo cal governments must raise $23,000,- 1 000, or admit Impossibility of paying! maturing bonds. Issues of some tax- ] ing bodies already have defaulted. GO PAYLESS In the last ten months, the teach ers have received salaries for only a few weeks. Police and firemenj have gone payless -since December. | “The employed are worse off than i the unemployed,” sighed the out spoken Cermak, Bohemian immi grant who rose to wealth and power ; in Illinois Democratic circles. “They j are receiving no pay. but are run ning big bills every day in the week. I don't know what the hell to do. “I thing it was damnable for the legislature to adjourn without pass ing bills that would give us relief.” SALT LAKE HOY IS ‘PUT ON SPOT’ SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, Feb. 18. (U.fi)—In true gangster style. Gerald Rose. 16, was shot tonight from a passing automobile as he walked along a street here, police said. He was not serously wound ed. Rose told police he was walking along the street when a car drove up to the curb, and slowed down. A shot was fired and the car drove away. It was the second attempt at Rose’s life, police said. The first time, the assailant missed his mark entirely. To Wed Net Ace ; . ...- -»l Miss Verle Low of Pasadena, school day sweetheart of Ellsworth Vines, national singles tennis champion, who will become his bride soon. Vines is now a student at Uni versity of Southern California but is building for his future respon sibilities as a married man by working part time in a brokerage office. —-| COOK GIRL SENT OWN DEATH NOTE SAYS NEWSPAPER BOSTON, Friday, Feb. 19. (U.R) — The Boston Post said today in a copyrighted article that Elizabeth Barrett Cook, Brookline heiress herself wrote the fake cablegram which preceded her death aboard the freighter Chinese Prince, in the opinion of passengers who sailed w'ith her on her last trip to Europe Passengers on the Fabre liner Providence said they felt sure tire girl had written the message telling of the death of her fiance “in a sympathetic search for thrills," the Post said. The Post quoted a pas senger as describing Miss Cook in an apparent suicide attempt from which she was dissuaded by women onlookers at the suggestion of the purser. The incident of the hoax message happened when the Providence was at Lisbon, the Post said, and the no-sev knew the message was not genuine. Boston. Feb. 18. (U.p)—'While the freighter Chinese Prince churned through heavy seas en route to Bos on tonight, its captain, Howard Uncles, received wireless orders to deliver to the British consulate here the spurious message which may nave led Elizabeth Barrett Cook, 20, Brookline heiress, to her mysterious death aboard the freighter. This was announced at the British consulate office while attempts were made to learn when the storm-de layed vessel would come into port. H. L. Porter, Boston agent of Fur ness, Withy & Co., Ltd., steamship agents, said there was not “the re motest possibility” of the Chinese Prince docking tonight. TO BE QUIZZED Loitering in the 300 block on south Second street, Tcny Romero and Jose Sanchez could give no satisfactory reasons for their be ing there, or where they were go ing, according to police, and were taken to the station under arrest. They were held on a vagrarev charge, for further questioning this morning, as police tmnk they may be connected with some of the "prow-ling" activities in that neigh borhood for the past few weeks. Depression Not So Bad, Thinks 111 Year Old Man j As He Lights Cigar And Tells Yarns Of Long Ago ST. PAUL, Neb., Feb. 18. (U.PJ—Sol omon Franklin Ftickner, “just turned 111 years old," lighted a long black cigar tonight and settled back in his easy chair before the fire to muse on the goodness of life. For Solomon believes life is good. He's seen depressions come and go; has fought and worked and played through nearly twice the span of life of the average man. “And I've enjoyed every minute of it,” he told the group of old friends and acquaintances with whom he spent his birthday. He’s an optomist, this white hair ed man whose alert mind and active body give the lie to his authentic age. He believes that prosperity is “just around some nearby corner.” and that its game of hide-and-seek is about up. “There’s nothing to complain of in present conditions," he told his friends. "Land sakes. I can remem ber times lots harder than these. And we always came through all right.” Then Solomon dropped into a moody silence. Possibly he was musing of days when first he came to Nebraska more than 60 years ago. He was a comparatively old man then, as thd average person reckons age. But he came to the state as a pioneer. He broke prairie sod with hard hands that had poured steel in eastern mills, panned gold in Cal ifornia streams and carried a mus ket during the Civil war. There's just one thing he believes the country really needs today, Rickner says. And that is a second Abraham Lincoln. "If we had a national leader like Lincoln today, we wouldn't know anything about depression," he as serts. Rickner spent his 111th birthday actively from early morning until his regular hour to retire. ENGINEERS TO BE HONORED AT ELKS FETE Special Train Brings 160 Salt Lake Lodge Members For Rites Many Other Outsiders To Be Present For River Ceremonies At the meeting of Las Vegas lodge No. 1468. B. P. O. E.. last evening, the final plans of the committee of arrangements on the bi-centennial celebration of Wash ington’s birthday, ’.vere approved. By report of Brother O J. Pott hoff, ticket agent of the Union Pa cific, it was learned that ar rangements have been made for 160 on the Salt Lake special to arrive in Vegas Sunday morning. SOUTHERN UTAHANS A delegation of at least 25 from Cedar City and St. George was an nounced and also at least ten from the Kingman, Arizona, lodge. If the weather clears and the roads are in reasonably fair shape, there will be many Elks from southern California and all parts of the southwest coming by automo bile. Pem Pembroke for the entertain ment committee, announced that the banquet at the Meadows Sun day evening will be held at 5 o’clock so that the lodge may open for initiation of the large class at 6. The dinner will be for stags only, but at 9:30 the Elks will return to the Meadows with their ladies for the dance. Two additional copper plaques were received from the Salt Lake lodge, to be placed on the base of the flagstaff overlooking Hoover dam, NAMED ON PLAQUES One of the plaques is in commem oration of the great work done by President Hoover in behalf of the Colorado river project. The other is an appreciation of the services of Walker R. Young, engineer in charge of construction, and other officials of the reclamation service; Frank Crowe and other officials of Six Companies for the assistance they have given in arranging for the flag staff dedication. The matter of a delegation of the local Elks to meet the Salt Lake special at Moapa was discussed and Exalted Ruler Roscoe Thomas ap pointed a committee to consider the matter. It was announced that the Amer- j ican Legion drum corps will meet j the special when it pulls in at 8:00: Sunday morning, and will march m | the parade Sunday afternoon. The Ogden Elks' band of 26 pieces j will furnish music throughout tlie| two days, it was stated. TO INITIATE CLASS A class of approximately 50 new j members will be initiated into Elk dom beginning 6:00 Sunday evening. There will be 25 from southern j Utah points and the following Las • Vegas and Boulder City men: Claude P. Williams, Geo. H. Tay- j lor, M. Depew, O. J. Lyke, Harry A. | Wagner, Harry Haskell, B. J. Tur- j ner, Wm. R. Barnett, Ernest L. ■ Thompson, W. S. Goodwin, Joseph j Keeler, Jacob O. Angle, Daviu Stearns, Thomas Enright, Raymond T. Titus, Sam Poulos, Prank S. R. i Bambino, Glen D. Kennedy, C. J Spellman, Patrick DeLulio and (by: demit) Frank T. Crowe. FUNERAL HELD FOR WATTSON L. J. Wattson, former owner of the Village Inn, found dead in his j room there early this week, was buried yesterday at 2:30 p. m. from the Palm funeral home, the ser vices being conducted by the local Elks lodge. Fred Stoller delivered the eulogy during the services, which were beautifully and impressively con ducted. -v_ ROADS ARGUE FOR PASSENGER PACT WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. OJ.R’— The Great Northern and Western Pacific railroads today argued to the interstate commerce commis sion that the Southern Pacific should be compelled to interchange tourist round trip passengers with them at San Francisco. A. J. Dickerson. Great Northern passenger agent, said his road will not be able to open up its new line from Portland and Seattle to Beaver, Cal., to passenger service on account of the Southern Paci fic attitude. CHINESE BIG GUNS ROAR DEFIANCE TO JAP EDICT Declare Independence For Nipponese Manchuria — I MUKDEN. Manchuria. Feb. 18 (U.R l —A declaration of independence lor I Manchuria, somewhat similar to the [American declaration of indepen ! dence, was proclaimed today by pro ! Japanese leaders of the three east 1 ern provinces under presidency of Cliang Ching-Hui. LARGE AREA The area involved in the declara tion includes the provinces of Kirin, Hedungkiang. and Fengtien; a spe cial area in Mongolia, a special area at the city of Harbin and the pro vince of Jehol, which is sometimes included in the boundaries of Man churia. The new indepen<fc>nt area is of vast dimensions, extending from northern Heilungkiang province bor dering on Siberia, to a point some 800 miles to the south of the Yellow sea. East to west it extends from the Siberian border near Khaba rovsk to a point in Mongolia, per haps 800 miles away. It will be un der a modified republican govern ment. Considered one of the richest areas in the far east, and known as the granary of the orient, the territory was ruled by Marshal ! Chang Hsueh-Liang, whose govern ! ment was allied with the Chinese re gime at Nanking, until the Japanese | troeps occupied It early this winter. RAILROAD PRIZE Through the heart of the terri tory runs the Chinese Eastern rail road, jointly controlled by Soviet Russia and China and involving vast Soviet interests centered at Harbin. The rulers of the provinces under the regime now being established in clude Gen. Ma Chan-Shan, the Chi nese general who defended Tsitsi har from the Japanese but recently had aided them in negotiations here. He will be governor of Heilungkiang. Chang Ching-Hui. Harbin leader, handed the text of the declaration of independence to the press, saying the negotiations would be continued to decide definitely th eform of gov ernment which will be established and to frame a constitution. The former boy emperor of China, Henry Pu-Yi, has been frequently mention ed as possible head of the new state, as he is in complete sympathy with the Japanese attitude. The declaration of independence followed the lines of Japanese policy in Manchuria, pledging the new re gime to support the "open door" policy for foreign trade as demanded by the United States. All nations will have equal rights and all resi dents of the territory will be placed on an equal basis. All relations with China are severed. The White Russians, foes of the Bolshevik regime in Moscow, are ex pected to collaborate with the new government. Japan will not recognize the in dependence of Manchuria until the new government demonstrates its ability to control the area. DE VALERA IS IRISH VICTOR DUBLIN, Irish Free Slate, Feb. 18. <U.R)—Eamon De Valera, anti British Republican leader, contin ued to lead the field tonight as the general election returns trick led in from outlying districts. With 60 out of a total of 146 parliamentary seats accounted for. De Valera’s plurality over the government party headed by Wil liam T. Cosgrave stood at 9 seats. Latest returns showed: De Valera’s party, 30 seats; Cos grove’s party, 21 seats; indepen dents, 6; labor, 3. Several hundred ballots have been spoiled by practical jokers who wrote in bad verse and puns attacking Cosgrave and De Va lera. The Republicans have won seats in widely separated government areas like County Meath. Dublin and Cavan, showing the widespread losses of the government party. TRANSPORTATION MEN ARE FINED One having pleaded guilty, and the other having been found guilty in Judge Frank M. Ryan’s court. Albert Edwards and W. C. Loomis were fined $50 each for violation of the state motor vehicle act. Neither man was able to pay the fine, and were sentenced to serve their fines out at the rate of one day in the county jail for each two dollars of the fine. The two men were arrested for selling transportation in unlicensed passenger-carrying vehicles. ILL? TRY SOME WILDCAT HEART! n. .' The heart of a wild wildcat may not be the popular idea of a panacea, but it is good enough for Toy Took, chef aboard the liner Santa Cecilia, who is headed for San Francisco to eat the heart of this particular specimen. Feeling ill, he telegraphed his cousin. Ah Jim, to get a wildcat, and one was captured in Mendocino county. Here he is, with Miss Norma Cereghino to guard him. awaiting Toy Fook's arrival so he can fulfill an old Chinese custom of eating wildcat heart to cure all ills. TO ORGANIZE OWN CABINET PARIS, Feb. 18. (U.R)—Paul Pain leve, former premier and leader of the Republican Socialist faction in the chamber of deputies, an nounced tonight that he would form a new cabinet to succeed the resigned government of Pierre La val. Painleve made his announcement after a visit to the Elysee palace, where he conferred with President Paul Doumer. - - -...I. . THREE ARRESTED IN POLICE RAID City police last night made three liquor raids in the downtown dis trict. seizing a quantity of liquor alleged to have been on the prem ises raided. At the B and B club. M. Murphy was arrested and charged with the illegal possession of a quantity of whiskey alleged to have been on ihe premises. Murphy was jailed pending his trial this morning in Municipal court. E. C. Goodrch was arrested at the Blue Goose, and was also charged with the illegal possession of the liquor seized. He was re leased on $150 bail. Eddie Williams was charged with illegal possession, following the raid on the Golden Camel, but ,was also released on $150 bail. 11 INJURED IN K.C. EXPLOSION Kansas city, mo.. Feb. is. <u.r> —A fire and explosion combined today to wreck the huge Missouri Kansas grain elevator here, cause the death of one fireman, injury of 11 others, and damage estimated at $500,0000. The fire, first breaking out in an old wooden headhouse of the ele vator. was followed by a blast, de stroying about 150.000 bushels of wheat owned by the federal farm board. Another cement headhouse and 15 large grain storage cylin ders were badly damaged. Workers still searched tonight for the body of William McDaniels. 47-year old veteran who plunged to his death while fighting- the flames cn the fifth floor of the wooden headhouse. Eleven others were injured, two seriously. ANOTHER MAN IS FOUND DEAD HERE Third man to be found dead this week, the body of William E. Thomas was found lying on the floor of his room in a local room ing house this morning. The body was taken to the Palm funeral home, where it will be held until some friend or relative appears to make funeral arrange ments. A coroner's jury yesterday after noon held that the man nad died of natural causes. *> Hundred Thousand Concentrated By Chinese First Actual War Pictures Shown on Page Six SHANGHAI. Friday. Feb. 19. (UP) —Japanese leaders held a council ol war today as Chinese troops, esti i mated at 100,000 by military observ ! ers and equipped with the latest ; types of aircraft guns, accelerated their concenti-ation in the Shanghai | area. TIME EXPIRES With the expiration of the time limit set by the Japanese ultimatum only a few hours away, Chinese troop trains poured thousands of fresh troops into Nanking from the north. As the situation grew threatening, Lieutenant General Yueda hurried ly called in all Japanese regimental commanders, the chiefs of the army and navy air forces and Admiral Stumada, chief of staff of Admiral Nomura, Japanese naval command er-in-chief, for a conference at which they were believed to be re ceiving final instructions as to Jap anese strategy in the impending battle. Chinese big guns went into action shortly after midnight with a roar which sent inhabitants of the intei - national settlement tumbling from their beds. SHELLS GRAZE JAP SHIP Shells dropped all around the Japanese marine headquarters at Hongkew while others fell danger ously. near Admiral Nomura's flag ship in the Whangpoo river. Japanese artillery immediately re turned the fire which cracked back and forth for an hour. It died down to a sporadic engagement after 1 a. m. It was learned from authoritative sources that General Tsai Ting-Kai was preparing to reply to the Japa nese ultimatum between 5 and 7 p. m. (4 and 6 a. m.. New York timei flatly rejecting the Japanese de mands. General Wu Teh-Chen, commander of the 19th route army, issued a statement saying he would "ignore'' the Japanese demands. Meanwhile, toiling Japanese sol diers shed their tunics and began moving 16 large field guns into po sition in the Hongkew area in pre paration for the long delayed gen eral offensive. Japanese army and navy airplanes went up this afternoon to observe all Chinese positions between Cha pei, Wcosung and northwestward as far as the Yangtze, and southeast ward as far as Hangchow bay. JUDGE PERFORMS DOUBLE WEDDING Judge William E. Orr yesterday officiated at a double wedding of two middle-western couples who came here to be married, immed iately after granting a divorce to one of the principals. James O’Keefe, of Milwaukee, Wis., took as his bride Miss Wil helmina Schaefer, of Kewanee, 111,, and Jack Burkhardt, of Minne apolis, took as his bride Marie Morris, who had just been granted her divorce by Judge Orr. The double ceremony took place in the judge’s chambers, with court house attaches as witnesses. MILLIONS IN OLD BILLS IN HIDING WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. <U.R> — More than $573,000,000 in old fashioned oversize paper currency ; still is lying about the country. This money, representing almost nine per cent of all the paper money in existence, is believed to be held largely by hoarders. Banks have long since ceased using it and have exchanged it for the smaller size. Bill Shakespeare Comes To Assistance Of Greek Dramatist As City Of Angels’ Police Tell Stories ; LOS ANGELES .Feb. 18. (U.R) — William Shakespeare came to the i aid of old man Aristophanes today to prove that excerpts from many ! old plays would sound pretty bad when read in a courtroom. A police shorthand reporter was reading notes he had taken while attending the rollicking Greek com dy, "Lysistrata." The defense ob jected because he was reading only the parts he thought obscene. Judge Benjamin. Scheinman thought a moment. ! “Yes," he agreed. -It is unfair ,tp Aristophanes to read only those parts of the play. Why, if he had William Shakespeare on trial here, and read only the obscene things he wrote, it would sound pretty bad. And it wouldn't be fair." Through his ruling, the defense won a major point, and the 58 de fendants charged with participating in an indecent performance cheered for "Good Old Bill." The police reporter, however, was permitted to go on in his own words and tell what he saw at Lysistrata before the play was raided by a pel oe vice souad. “It was this way,” said the re porter, Arthur M. Custer by name, •‘a bunch of guys on the stage was arguing who won the war. Then Lysistrata comes out and tells the Janes that she could stop any war if she wore a dress thin enough. She told the gals to wear transpar ent things, but not to let their lov ers. well— “You see, she said for the girls to go to their rooms alone. That would sorta teach the soldiers a les son. And the girls weren't to let their husbands, uh, love ’em or any thing unless the wars were stopped. The women were tired of being left alone while the men went away to | war."