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THE EUREKA SENTINEL.
ESTABLISHED 1870,EUREKA, NEVADA, SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1902. _FUHT.TSHEn SATURDAYS. ©ureka -Sentinel. TKBMB FOB WEBB I. T HKNTINEL. One eopjr, one ye»r.$6 00 One copy, *ix month*. 2 50 One oopy, three month*. 1 26 By Cmrier, per month.•.. 60 IRRIGATION IN THE WEST. Eastern People Are Being Edu cated on This Question. The following is from the Kao Francisco Gail: Representative Newlands of Nevada baa contributed to the New York Times aa instructive article on "Irrigation in tbs West,” which will doubtless have a good affect in educating Eastern public opinion on tbesubjsct. Mr. Newlands, from his long service in Washington, is familiar with the objections made by Eastern Representatives to the policy of irrigation, and he is therefore able to di rect bis argument especially to the points on which the East needs enlightment. In that respect this article is a valuable con tribution to the discussion of the subject, and may prove even more effective than a speech in the House itself. Tbs first issue with which the writer deals is that raised by the question, "What right has the West to demand Government aid in this matter?" He an swers simply that the Government is the owner of almost all the arid lands, having in its possession of arid and semi-arid lands upward of 1100,000,000 acres; that it is the doty of the Government to fit this land for settlement and cultivation by conserving the snow and flood waters and constructing such ditches and canals as an necessary to bring water within reach of settlers. In making such improve ments the Government will not be wast ing money, nor giving it away, for the lands when improved will be more valu able than in their present condition. Moreover, the work cannot be effectively or economically done by private parties It is therefore strictly a governmental task, one which is in the truest sense na tional, since it will benefit lbs East as well as the West. Noting the Eastern objection to voting money out of the national treasury for the enterprise, Mr. NewlanJs says the bill now pending before Congress provides (or establishing an arid land reclamation fund out of the receipts from sales of lands in the arid region, and adds: "In this way a revolving fund is created out of the sale of tbe lands reclaimed, which is applied to new work, and thus, in the end, the West will reclaim itself. The Hecretary of the Interior can make no con tract for irrigation works unless the mooeys therefor are in the fund. Thus the arid region will be reclaimed without taxation of the general public." One of tbe points upon which the East ern people moat need enlightenment is that relating to the effect the opening up of tbe new era for home-seekers will have upon Eastern farmers. Over aud over again it baa been said that the irrigation of arid land will serve no other purpose than that of encouraging competition to the East and injuring Eastern landed in terests. Upon that issue Mr. Newhmds says: "It might aa well he contended that the people of the original thirteen States suffered from Western develop ment as that the eighty millions of |>eo pie now occupying this country will suf fer from the development of the arid re gion. The arid region will simply furnish a market for Eastern products. It will not compete with the Eastern or Middle Western farms, because in the northern part of the arid region cultivation will be confined almost entirely to alfalfa, which is very useful in the fattening of cattle, and in the southern region cultivation Will be confined largely to the citrus frnits and other products of a semi-tropi cal character. It has only to be borne in mind that the entire area capable of re clamation does not exceed (>0,000,000 acres, and that thia area will only equal ths area of the two States of Iowa and Illinois. If a nation of a few millions of people did not suffer from the develop ment of Iowa and Illinois, how can it be contended for a moment that a country with 80,000,000 of people can suffer from the development of the arid region ?” To Californians it may seem strange that iaauea of this kind have to be argued over time alter time. It is, however, not easy to educate public opinion on a subject to which it is comparatively in different. Campaigns of popular educa tion are always long and sometimes tire some. This one, however, is going for ward at last with gratifying speed. In deed it is not improbable that the irriga tion bdl may be passed by the present Congress. Charles Brown, a Virginia City under taker, died last week. He was a native of Massachusetts, aged over 80 years, and a well-known character on the Comstock (otmanryMn. STATE NEWS ITEMS. A number of cases of scarlet fever are reported in Reno. The Central Pacific Company disburses about $20,000 per month at Winnemucca. Residents of Austin are preparing to beautify the town by planting shade trees. Reno labor unions have given contract ors until May 1 to accede to the eight hour-day demand. There are about 175 carpenters and brick layers employed in Reno and no more are wanted. Miners are being sent from Grass Val ley, Cal., to Reno, where the scale of wages is $2.60 a day and board. The Washoe County Bank at Reno has offered space for the exhibit of Nevada minerals collected by Major Ingalls. The excitement at the new mining camp of Ray, twelve miles from Tonopah, Nevada, appears to have completely sub sided. A general raising of rents in the busi ness section of Reno will came a number cf changes to take place in the next month or two. The estate of H. P. Kraus, late post master of Reno, was willed to the Ma sonic Lodge of that town. The estate is valued at about M,000. R. E. L. Windel of the Winneroucca Silver State is being rather prominently mentioned as a candidate for the Demo cratic nomination for State Printer. The Placerville, Cal., Democrat places Mr. Newlands of Nevada in nomination for the Chairmanship of the Democratic Congressional Committe in the coming campaign. A competitive examination of appli cants for appointment to a West Point cadetship will be held in Reno about April 15. The appointment will be made by Senator John P. Jones. The Tonopah Bonanza says that so long as the disturbing faction has a voice in the administration of the Tonopah Mining Company’s affairs, so long will its securi ties be unsought and hope deferred. A Smith Valley rancher was in Gard nerville last week trying to dispose of a horse that has been traded bo often that every time a stranger comes around it opens its mouth to have its teeth exam ined. Gardnerville Record : The contractors for the new Government poetoffice at San Francisco have placed a large order with W. A. Lindsay for red marble from hie Luning quarry. It is to be used lor wains coting. A Lovelock correspondent of the Vir ginia Enterprise says that the terms of settlement of the case of Parks, the ne gro soldier, were the payment of $100 costa and $100damages to O'Neil, the man who was shot. The Salt Lake ore buyers who have vis ited Tonopah have been unable to get a freight rate that will warrant shipment of ore to that city. The ore that is shipped is to go to Selby’s and the Ever ett people in Washington. Don't tie the top of your telly and preserve Jars In tboold fashioned way. Meal them by the now, quick, absolutely sure way—by . a thin coating of Pure V lie-lined Paraffine. Uaa Ri no taste or odor. Is HT air tight and acid proof. Easily applied. Hf Useful In adozeu other W/J ways about the house. Y Full directions with * each cake. Bold everywhere. Made by l STANO/tRD OIL CO. $100 REWARD The above »nm will be cheerfully paid by the undersigned for information that will lead to the arrest and conviction of per sons having in their possession unlaw fully any live stock belonging to this company. And $100 more will be cheerfully paid for information that will lead to the arrest and conviction of anybody unlawfully killing any of the cattle belonging to this company branded 17, right or left hip, or half circle M. D. right bip, or unbranded calves. THE EU&EKA LIVE STOCK COMPANY. Eureka, Nevada, January 23, 1902. 8t c. HAMILTON DENTIST. OFFICE AT THE W. E. GRIFFIN HOUSE ON SPRINQ STREET. BURAK A, . . • ARVADA Tbe Reno Journal saya the report of tbe present Grand Jury is an eagerly looked for document. It Intimates that the jury is investigating certain transactions in Reno’s court house that are Hable to cause a sensation when a little daylight is admitted. Dr. P. Harold Foss died in Reno on March 31 from scarlet fever contracted while in the discharge of his professional duties. He had been ill for about two weeks. Dr. Foss was from Massachu setts, and only came to Reno about six months ago. Virginia Chronicle: Dozens of people pass through Dayton every day bound for Tonopah, while the outcoming trains are just as heavily loaded with disappointed fortune-seekers. Caravan wagons can be seen nearly every morning passing on their way to Tonopah. The Keno Gazette of March 31 reports six new cases of smallpox in that city. A Mr. Kiddle had the disease in snch a light form that he did not go to bed and was about town every day. His wife and two children are now down with the dis ease, and the end is not in sight. The Supreme Court on Monday decided the tax case of the Nevada Central Rail road Company. The company refused to pay its taxes as assessed and took the matter into the District Court, where it lost. The Supreme Court affirms the de cision of the lower tribunal in denying a trial. Lincoln county is becoming the center of a great boom brought about by the surveying and grading for the two new railroads. Probably no other county, unless it be Nye, is so covered with pros pectors rushing in to take advantage of the very best opportunities that may offer. Several contracts for the reconstruction of the Central Pacific between Wadsworth and Ogden were let last Wednesday, mak ing a total of twelve contracts up to date. The latest contracts call for the building of 200 miles of railroad at a total cost of $5,180,000. Most of the contractors are at work and there are now more than 2,600 men and more than 1,300 teams em ployed. A Colorado Court recently decided that a notice of forfeiture of oo-owner of miniog claims, because of a failure to contribute his proportion of expend' itnres, is fatally defective if not speci fying the amount of money spent upon such claims, or facts which might ex cuse expenditure on each claim. The Postoffice Department has at last conclnded to place fonrtb-olass postoffices under civil service regula tions. Hereafter changes in such offices will not be made every four years, but incumbents will bold office indefinitely, subject to removal for cause only. The politics of the postmaster makes no difference in small communities; effi ciency of service is the object sought. Beatific Lodce No. 7, K. of P., Meets every Tuesday evening at its Castle Hall in the Smith A Rickard Building at 7 o'clock, from October 1 to March 31, and at 7:30 o'clock from April 1 to September 30. All Brother Knights in good standing are fraternally invited to attend. S. Reynolds, C. C. Attest: Geo. A. Bartlett, K. of R. & S. St. John’s Chanter No. 5. The stated Convocations of St. John's Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M., will be held at Masonic Hall on the Saturday next succeeding ths pale of the moon in each month. Thomas Dixon, II. P. J. H. Jcrt, Secretary. Diamond ReMah Lodge No. 8, Meets Second and Fourth Monday even ings of each month at 7. Miss Hannah Williams, N. G. Miss Marie Wittenberg. Secretary. Eureka Lodge No. 22, L 0. 0. F., Meets every Wednesday evening at F. 4 A. M. aud 1. O. O. F. Hall at 7 o’clock from October 1 to March 31, and at 7:30 o’clook from April 1 to September 30. All sojourning brothers are cordially in vited to visit. L. J. Ivey, N. G. John Gregovioh, Secretary. Eureka Lodge No. 16, F. & A. M. The stated communication of Eureka Lodge No. 16, F. 4 A. M., will be held at Masonic Hall on the Saturday of or before the full of the moon in each month. Robt. A. Laird, W. M. R. MoCh ARLES, Secretary. Alpha Lodge No. 1, A. 0. U. W,, Meets Second aDd Fourth Friday evenings in each month in Pythian Hall. A. Hintze, M. W. I. O. C. Whitmore, Recorder. OVER 25,000 WATCHES Repaired in Nevada If your watch stops, Mr. I. C. 0. WHITMORE, our agent, with Wells, Fargo & Co., will send it to us and it will be returned in first-class order. Prices Always Reasonable R- HERZ A BRO., The Reno Jewelers. THl’HDEH HOCHT1II. Salt I.ake Telegram, March 28: George R. Caldwell, special correspondent of the Denver News, waa in this morning from Ketchum, Idaho, where he has been making an examination of the Thunder Mountain country. “Fifty thousand people is a conserva tive estimate of the number that will be in the district by August 1,” said Mr. Caldwell. “People are slowly making their way in now, but I would advise them to stay out until June, aa the trail is now deep with anow and the route ia a hard one. “Indications are that the camp will de velop into one of the greatest producers of low-grade ore in the world. There is a district of 625 square miles that is prac tically a solid body of ore, running from (6 to (9 per ton.” Western HbMpan Comkla*. According to the Salt Lake Herald, a wool growers’ trust is being organised throughout the West. Already it is stat ed, seventy of the leading sheep men of Utah have gone into the organization, while many of the principal wool growers in Oregon, Nevada and Idaho have also joined forces with the new organization. Abolition of the middleman’s profit and the turning of the same to the wool grow ers is stated to be the object of the new organization. RAILROAD. On and After Sot. 1,1901, TRAINS Por Passengers, Mails, Ex press and Freight, WILL RUN DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY, (Pacific Standard Time), A* FOLLOW, 1 Leave Eureka at.1:00 P. M. Arrive at Palisade at.6:00 p. M. Connecting with West-bound train on Cen tral Pacific at 8:35 P. M., arriving San Fran cisco 4:25 p. M. following day. Also con nects with East-bound train at 6:20 P. M., arriving at Ogden 5:45 a. M. and Salt Lake City 8:20 A. M. following morning. RETURNING AS FOLLOWS : Leave Palisade at.7:00 a. m. Arrive at Eureka at.12:01 f. m. Stage for Ely leaves Eureka 1:30 P. M., arriving at Ely 8 a. m. following day. To make close connection passengers for Eureka and Ely from the West should take train leaving San Francisco at 8 a. H., and from the East should take train leaving Ogden at 10:15 a. m. any day, except Sat* urday. THE COMPANY WILL FORWARD ► FREIGHT .TO. Hamilton, Tybo, Ely, Belmont, Reveille, And all points South, by teams, with care and dispatch, and at lowest rates. Cor respondence solicited. The Company has recently built stock corrals at Diamond (12 miles from Eureka), Alpha, Hay Ranch and Palisade, and is now prepared to handle horses, cattle and sheep to and from all points reached by rail road in the country. Instead of driving it will pay stockmen to transport by rail. Water at all points. Track scales now being put in at Palisade for the weighing of cattle. Rates most reasonable and quoted upon application. G. D. ABBOTT, Supt. Palisade, Nevada. L. A HARCOURT, Physician and Surgeon GRADUATE OF THE MEDICAL Department of Buffalo University, Mem ber of the Chicago Medical Society, Hon orary Member of the Sacramento' Society for Medical Improvement. Special attention given to Surgery and Gynecology. Office and residence—Brown Hotel, Eu reka, Nevada. Office Hour*—S to 4 r. u. BANK OFJJEVADA. Virginia Street, Reno, JVevada.: DIRECTORS:—Daniel Meyer of San Francisco; Henry Anderson, A. G. Fletcher, J. N. Evans, G. F. Turrittin, Moritz Scheeline and P. L. Flannigan of Beno. Subscribed Capital - - - $300,000. Paid Up Capital, - - - - $150,000. Undivided Profits - - - $120,000. iletutl of Bank*, Corporation* tad Indl vKoals received on favorable term* Interest Paid on Time Deposits. Boy and aell exchange on all the principal cities of the United Bute., Canada, Inrope Asia and Africa. Messrs. Seheellne and Osbnrn are Resident Agents for twenty-eight F'l.e Insurance Companies the total assets of which are 1317,840,081. Safe Deposit Boxes for rent, prices according to slxe, varying from S3 to 111 per annum. QBO. F. TU BRITON... President MORITZ SOHZZUNR....Vice President A. Q. RAYORAFT— ......r. IS Your Property Insured? If not, Do You Think You Can Afford to Carry the Risk Yourself? I. O. O. WHITMORE Represents in Eureka Eleven of the Largest, Oldest, and Soundest Fire Insurance Companies Doing Business in the United States. as follows: Commercial Union, of England, Fireman’s Fund, of California, Hartford, of Connecticut, Hambubo-Bremen, of Germany, London & Lancashire, of England, Norwich Union, of England, Palatine, of England, Queen, of England, Scottish Union & National, of Eng. Western Assurance Co., of Canada, Liverpool, London & Globe, of England. Better Come in and See What a Policy Will Cost for a Year or Longer, Don’t Wait Until a Fire 8weeps Your Property Away. Then It Will Be Everlastingly Too Late. I. G. C. WHITMORE. BROWN HOUSE (FORMERLY THE JACKSON HOTEL.) A modern hostlery with a complete and efficient service in every department. Table constantly supplied with the best the market affords. Only Fire-Proof Hotel in Eastern Nevada. A First Class Bar in Connection. Booms Single or En Suite. MRS. JULIA BROWN Main Street* - - Eureka Nevada IP. 3EL SZCTTTL, Court Homo Block, Bnreka. .... DEALER IN.... FURNITURE, Oils, Paints, Varnishes, Window Glass. JUST RECEIVED, 4,000 ROLLS OF ML PIPER. Full and Complete Fancy and Gilt Dinner and Tea Sets, contain ing from 56 to 134 pieces, at from $8 to $25. ITT" AGENT FOB DOMESTIC SEWING MACHINES. Carpets, Mntting', Crockery, Glassware & Lamps Full line of Tin and Granite Kitchen Ware. Orders from the country promptly attended to. Undertaking in All Its Branches. SAN FRANCISCO BREWERY SALOON . AMD . PIONEER BOTTLING WORKS, EUREKA, NEVADA. Always on Handi^^^ Lemon and Cream Sodas, Sarsaparilla, Champagne Cider, Birch Beer, Klondike Fizz, Orange Cider, Ginger Ale, Sarsaparilla and Iron, Loganberry Soda, Etc. -ALSO Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Connected with the Saloon is a reading Room, where the latest daily and weekly newspapers, magazines and other periodicals can always be found. A liberal share of patronage is respectfully solicited. UT Orders filled the same day as received. F. J. BROSSEMER. : Proprietor