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Survey of the World’s News
WHEN the new parcels post system becomes ot>craUve on Jan. 1 twelve new stamps will l>e placed on sale In post offices for affixing to packages. These stamps will he larger than the ordinary postage stamps and so dis tinctive as to prevent possible confu sion with other stamps. The twelve stamps will l>e Issued In three series of designs. In the first series modern methods of trnns(»ort1ag mail will be Illustrated. The mall car of n railway train will be shown on one stamp, an ocean steamer on an other: the third will have a motor wagon of the type used In the postal service, and the fourth will show a mall carrying aeroplane. Postal em ployees will he shown at work in the second series. The figures will be those of railway mail clerks, postofflee clerks, city letter carriers and rural free delivery carriers. The third se ries will represent four Industrial zones, showing the principal sources of products that will be transported most extensively by parcels post By Dec. 1 the stamps will probably be ready for dlstrlbnlton to the 60.000 ! post offices In the country. Special maps with zone circles mark- '< •d off In red. for use of postmasters * la determining rates on parcels post ' packages, are based on a ao called "flawless” map of the United States coast and geodetic survey. The ne cessity of obtaining a perfect map Is to prevent error In computing postage as such would make a considerable difference In the rate from any given point The aim Is to get maps In the hands of the postmasters as mneb In advance of Jan. I next when the law becomes effective, as possible, to give thorn time for study. * R ARGENTINA’S BIO PROJECT At an estimated cost of 150.000.000 a now railway la to be built In Argen tina, It will follow almost a straight line from Rosario to Mendosa. R * ILLINOIS WOMAN JUSTICE Judge Mary Bartelme. the first wo man ever honored with a call to the bench In Illinois, who sits as associate - Justice with Judge Plckney, asserts her belief In the Immediate necessity for reform in trials by Jury by amend ment of, the statute to permit service of women equally with men. R R TO ENCOURAGE ORATORY William B. Austin, president of the Hamilton clnb of Chicago, has an nounced the organization of an inter ■•ollegiate oratorical contest open to representatives from the universities of Minnesota. Michigan. Iowa. Illinois, Wisconsin and Chicago and Nerth wedern and Indiana universities. The i oiliest will he lie.’d In Chicago under li e auspices of tlie club on Feb. 10. R R THE HOR3E SHOW The National Horse Show Is with ns i in. Opening Katnrday. Nov. Ifi, it . out Imres till Nov. Madison Square Carden will dally lie the scene of fashion’s lest creations. The boxes V. :!I lie tilled with people fnmous In the society world of the country. The itoard of directors of the Na tional Horse Show Is practically the ■unic ns last year. It Includes most Alfred Gwynni Vanderbilt, Head of National Horae Show. of the country’s best exhibitors of prize winning horses. The list follows: M. L. Akers. Adam Beck, Raymond Bel mont. Frederic Bull, Colin Campbell. J. H. Childs. Frederick M. Davies. Rob ert A. Falrbairn. Henry Fairfax. Jo seph W. Harriman. Arthur G. I-eon ard. William H. Moore, J. A. Spoor. Malcolm Stephenson. E. T. Stotesbury. Alfred G. Vanderbilt. Reginald C. Van derbilt. G. Mifflin Wharton and for mer Lieutenant Governor Horace White. The lutter succeeded Roy Gas ser. who resigned. Alfred G. Vanderbilt is the president; E. T. Stotesbury. vice president: Fred erick M. Davies, treasurer, and James T. Hyde, secretary. •t «t NEW QUEST OF SCIENCE When the Vale Peruvian expedition returns uext Christmas its members are expected to bring hitherto undiscover ed secrets about the remains of men found In Peru supposed to be between 22.000 and 50.000 years old. Hiram Ringbatn Is head of the expedition. ' whose mission Is to ascertain whether Pern really was the cradle of the hu man race, as has been asserted. The expedition was organized under the j auspices of Yale university and the Na- j tional Geographic society, and will make efforts to continue and extend the work accomplished by the Yale Peruvi-, an expedition of last year, utilizing the discoveries then made and continuing further along the same lines. Twenty thousand dollars was raised for the present work. Yafe contributing $10,000 and the National Geographic society an equal amount. An attempt will be made to discover and Identify the places mentioned in the Spanish chronicles and In the early accounts of Peru, particularly the places connected with the thirty-five years of Inca rule after the advent of Plzarro. •t at BAOEN-POWELL'S ROMANCE After his engagement to Miss Olave St. Clair Soames. an English girl, had been announced Lieutenant General Sir Robert Bnden-Powell, speaking of the crowning of his romance at the age of fifty six. said. 'The afTalr was not so new as per sons imagined. As a matter of fact. Miss Soames was traveling in the West Photo by American Press Association. Lieutenant General Sir Robert Baden Powell, the English War Hero. Indies when I went there In January, and we were In America on Washing ton's birthday, Feb. 22, which, curious ly enough, is the date of nay fiancee’s birthday and of my own. I well re member how we were both interested in the Httle axes which they sell for wear in the buttonhole in the United States on that day." Miss Soames is much younger than the hero of Mafeking. m SHE RULES JOHANNESBURG Mrs. A. M. Ellis recently was elected mayor of Johannesburg, South Africa. ' She is said to have an unusual record as a successful business woman. •t It i INVENTOR OF SHORTHAND The centenary of the birth of Sir Isaac Pitman, the inventor of the ac cepted system of shorthand now in use throughout the English shaking world will he commemorated Jan. 4 next. In England the preparations for the celebration of the anniversary are in the hands of a distinguished commit tee, with Sir Thomas Crosby, lord mayor of London, at its head. A com mittee has also been organized to fit tingly observe the 'occasion in the United States. The projected program in this coun try will include dinners in all of the leading cities, at which speeches will be made by eminent educators and business men. Among the list of distinguished pa trons who have promised to lend their financial supi>ort to a fitting celebra tion of Sir Isaac Pitman’s birth ap pears the name of Andrew Carnegie. ; The New York committee consists of ! Charles M. Miller, director of the Mount Vernon Trust company nnd president of the Commercial Schools’ association: David J. George, president of the Shorthand Writers' Association of America; H. W. Hammond, member | of the faculty of St. John's col' *ge. Brooklyn, nnd Robert A. Kells, associ ate editor of Pitman's Journal. * K EVENTS OF THE WEEK j Nov. 11.—Annual meeting of the American Association of Farmers' In ; dustrlal Workers and annual uieetiug ! of the American Agricultural Colleges and Experiment stations at Atlanta, I Ga. Annual convention of the Amer I lean Federation of Labor at Roches I ter. X. Y. Nov. 13.—United Daughters of the ' Confederacy at Washington. Nor. 18.—American mining congress convenes at Spokane. Wash. H * BRITISH LAUNCHINGS The launching of the British super Dreadnought Ironduke by the Duchess of Wellington Nov. 12 will be followed by a like ce. einony for the sujier Dreadnougbt Marllsjrough. Nov. 2«. the Duchess of Marlborough presiding. ADVANTAGE OF PERSONAL CONTACT WITH TRADESMEN. Corresponding With Mail Order House* Is Unsatisfactory Wsy of Pur chasing Your Goods. How good It Is to have friends: Do you realise the local merchant Is your friend? It is be who tries to make your life easier by contracting for goods which he takes a chance on your ; buying from him. He invests bis com paratively small capital in things that you need, which you use. always with an eye for filling your wants. If he j bandies perishable goods It is his loss If they become unsalable. He must worry and take the responsibility for the running of his business. And what Is it all for: The local merchant, as a rule. If he Is adjudged a succesa, takes no more profit than the success ful man working for a salary. Tet he is forced to be always agreeable to his customers whether he feels In the hu mor or not and must shoulder the full weight of the cares of bis business. Take the head of a large mall order concern. He also Is filled with the cares of business. But his mind works along different channels from those of the local merchant. Fine words and al luring paragraphs sent to your home In expensive circulars (for which you par) are his specialty. He may get np in tne morning wnu a grouch and his ill temper stay with him all day. He doesn't have to sup presa his feelings before his custom ers because bis customers never come In contact with him. ne has hundreds of clerks under him who are formed tnto various departments, if yon have received something from his concern of which you have some complaint to offer, you write to the office and a subordinate replies, usually with a stereotyped excuse signed by one of the managers. If this answer Is un satisfactory you write again and again, perhaps, before yon get nny where near a satisfactory rectification of yonr complaint. In Just this respect Is where the lo cal merchant proves his value. If by chance an occasion arises In which he has not given you entire satisfaction the local merchant is always there to receive you and makes things right. He has to And he does it at once. You see the proprietor in this case, and HK is responsible to you. not some clerk a hundred or a thousand miles away whom you never saw or con versed with. It is to yonr advantage, Mr. Cus tomer. to trade at home. I.eave your money with the man who is working to please you and who has cast his lot with your community. Don’t dis courage an optimist All lo^al mer chants are optimists when they start In business, and It Is up to the pur chasing public to help Increase that optimism. Optimism cannot prevail In nny town whose people send money j to the grasping mall order houses whi'e the local merchant right at one's ! very door, continually catering to the i wants of his fellow townspeople by , stocking his store with necessary sup 1 plies. Is left to fail for want of patron age. i-——— Farm Ad'Vice and Suggestion FALL SPRAYING ADVISED TO KILL FRUIT TREE ILLS. Only Way to Control Ban J*** and Othor Paata la Troatmoni With Inooetieidoa. Many men hare picked qualities of good frolt from trees that a few years before seemed hopelessly taken by sc»'o and other pesta. Controlling Ban Jose scale la a decidedly easy propo aitlon when compared to some orchard pesta. Accidentally, the lime sulphnr aomtion waa found to be an effective remedy. It is today the leading rem edy for controlling the scale, says the American Agrtculturist. All spraying for the control of the San Jose scale must be done while the trees are dormant—that is. after the leaves drop in the fall and before they appear In the spring. As a rule, the conditions for spraying in the fall are more Ideal than in the early spring, as there are more calm, warm days at that time. Then. too. if one tails to cover all the tree the first time he will have opportunity to go over the tree again In the spring, which could not be done if the first spraying came In the spring. In all cases where scale is serions a thorough application should be given in the fall. The results of spraying depend upon the thorough ness of the application. Kvery twig on every tree must be coated with the mixture if best results are to be had. A single live scale left on a twig may j infest the whole tree in one season. hence the importance of thoroughness ; in the work. r an spraying win ne very ocueociai i to the orchard In other ways as well I as by getting the scale under control. ; Nothing Is known that will be more : effective In the way of cleaning up 1 trees than the application of these ' chemicals. They will cause the re moval of the old dead bark and the . Improvement of the general appear nnre of the tree. It Is difficult for one to helleve that by simply spraying cer tain chemicals on a tree such changes will result. The only way Is to try them on your own trees. Then, too, fall spraying Is a great help In clean ing up fungous diseases. There are large numbers of disease spores being 1 scattered about the orchard all through ' the fall and winter, and It Is Impossi ble to determine how mnch benefit will j result from fall spraying if these spores ! are destroyed. Treatment For Scaly Lag. The repulsive looking scaly legs In chickens can be Improved In appear ance a whole lot by rubbing them at j Intervals of a few days with n salve made of equal parta of lard, snlpbur and kerosene. __ Fall Traa Planting. If you Intend to plant a few choice ' trees next spring dig large holes for them In fall, fill them with manure, removing the next spring, and filling It up to the desired depth of the tree. The Sunday School Lesson SENIOR BEREAN. INTERNATIONAL SERIES. Golden Text—Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.—Matt. xvi, 16. Chapter vili, 27 30.—A great confes J slon. Jesus was now more than ever de termined to meet the twelve by them selves. So he kept away as much ns possible from places in the north i where he would probably be known i and entered "the towns of Caesarea ; Philippi.” This city was about twen \ ty-flve miles from the sea of Galilee. I • • • “By the way.” Luke states that JesuR approached this season of cat echizing the disciples after a period of \ prayer (chapter lx. 18). “Whom do men say that I am?" Different lmpres i slons hnd been made on the [>eople. but In every case Jesus was regarded as a severe and uncompromising teacher. “John the Baptist” was the prophet of unswerving loyalty to the law of right eousness. “Ellas" was the fiery scourge of Jehovah, heralding penalty to king and people. “One of the prophets.” Matthew adds the name of Jereminh, who had predicted the exile. All these | guesses concluded that Jesus was out of the ordinary, but they were inade ' quate. “But whom say ye that 1 am?” | Did the disciples share in these opin ions? Here was the opportunity for them to utter their mind, and Peter seized It on behalf of the twelve. ‘Thou art the Christ.” Matthew adds “the Son of the living God.” and Luke re ports the reply in the words “the Christ of God.” The three accounts agree In the essential truth that Jesus is the Messiah. This confession was acceptable, and Jesus shed on Peter a holy benediction (Matt, xvi, 17-191. ! “Tell no man of bim." He strictly coru ' manded that they should not make known this truth about his Messianic I character to the i>cople. They were not yet prepared for it. and miscon ceptions would surely multiply. Chapter till, 31 -33.—A bad mistake. The important feature lu his Instruc tion of the twelve is here explicitly set forth. "Must Buffer many things.” The thought of a suffering Messiah was repulsive, although the prophets i had emphasized it. 'The elders were “the nonprofesslonal or lay element in j the council" (swetei. “The chief : priests ” These consisted of the high priest the ex-high priests and the lead ers of the priestly party who belonged to the Sadducees. "The scribes” were the teachers or doctors of the law (Luke v, 17V "Rejected.” • • • "killed.” • • • “rise again.” These three events literally took plaee In Je- i nisalem. and the instigators were these members of the sanhedrin. “Openly”—without reserve or modld- j cation, so that the disciples could un- I derstand bis meaning. “Peter took him.” This was not an act of sheer Impulse, hut was dorte after thought; hence the force of the severe rebuke of Jesns. “Get thee behind me. Satan.” It was this same temptation of nn easy way to success, at the cost of character, that Jesus resisted once be fore in the wilderness (Matt. lv. 10). Peter was here Inspired by the evtl one. who for the moment was using him as his agent. “Savorest not,” “mlndest not” (revision). The fact that he resisted the purpose of Jesns was proof that he was not In sympa thy with the mind of God. Chapter vlii. 34. to lx. 1.—A serious program. Some time was given to the people In the villages of Caesarea Philippi. Many were trying to enter the king dom of Clod on ensv terms and with out considering fully the conditions. These words on dlacipleshlp are ad dressed to "the people." • • • "with his disciples." No one is rejected ex cept those who deliberately reject the conditions. "Whosoever will come after me." This means any and all. without respect of persons. "Iieny 'limself.” True self denial does not consist in mutilation, bnt in consecra tion of life to Jesus Christ.. "Take up his cross." This is the symbol of sac rifice. “Save his life." He who Is moved by a spirit of self seeking may obtain worldly success like rnanv In Caesarea, but lie will lose the higher life of the Spirit- "What shall it prof it?" Not only is the exchange of donbtful advantage: it is a positive loss. "Ashamed of me and of my words"—through a lack of moral courage to stand for the truth as one f*-es it "Adulterous and sinful.'' be cause they had turned away from God. ••When lie corueth"—at the end of the world., to wind up the affairs of earth.' * * * U« AJ Power Spray Outfit In Use Photn*rsph by Missouri state fruit experiment station. WE OUGHT TO DO AS WELL. French farmers get 20.3 bush els of wheat from the acre on the average: our farmers get 11.7 bushels. Speaking at a confer ence of bankers’ committees from the various states held In Minneapolis James J. Hill told about farming In Denmark, the model farm country of the world. They raise thirty-eight bushels of wheat to the acre. Their land originally was very poor. “By keeping dairy cattle." said Mr. Hill, “they fertilized the hind, and they have gone on un til now they have exported to Great, Britain $48,000,000 a year of butter and $21,000,000 of bn oon. They feed their own two million six hundred odd thou sand of people, and they export annually $U an acre for every acre of land In r*enmark. For a period of ten years the gross re ceipts from our farm* altogether have not been $0 an acre." Gat Out and Saa Things. A farmer Is very apt to stay at home too much to compete with other Indus tries. We must e<> out and see what Is ! beln# done. Farmers must work alone scientific lines, co-operate to make an acre yield more and a cow produce more and nse the most modem machin ery "ke other Industries.-American Cultivator. A TWENTY-EIGHT BUSHEL TRIP What Extra Yield of Wheat Meant te an Oklahoma Family. The Ilohlens live near Amorlta. Okla The farm spreads over r little more than l.tJOO acres, 800 of which Is la wheat. This wheat harvested twenty eight bushels to the acre this year tind thereby hangs the story to explain s sitecinl car attached to the Orient reg ular passenger a short time ago when It pulled into Wichita, linn. "Hoys.'* said William Holden, the father, "if she goes twenty bushels or better 1 11 take you nil- the w hole kit and boodle 0f vou—to California on a sightseeing trip " "She" went twenty-eight bushels, so Mr Holden did bundle the "whole kit and boodle" of them Into a special car and went to t'nltforola. And the "whole hit ant! boodle" meant forty five per sons. There were Fa Holden, seven boys and girls, the wives of a fe« married sons, fourteen or fifteen grand children. two ndphews. one or two hired hamls and mother. The trip was to last a mouth. "The extra eight bushels an acre said Mr. Holden, "will pay the bill for the trip The 800 acres yielded about 23.000 bushels, which sold for $21,830. nearly *10.000 more than 1 ex pected to get "—Country Gentleman Old, but True. Raise horses for big money, csttle for sure money and hogs for qui'k money. Is an old saying, and a good one. Tradition of the Arctic Night > -. By SAMUEL E. OV ERTON THAT there hare been great cli matic changes In different parts of the earth Is well known. But. though geologists can tefl us that they have occurred, they do not tell us why. Some of hem have possibly come to pnss since .nan attained sufficient Intelligence to hand down from generation to genera tion traditions concerning their origin These traditions, arising when the hu man fancy was untrammeled by fact and when rude people spoke by natural symiiois, are often very poetic. Here is one current among the Eskimo* of Greenland accounting for n change they believe long ago took place de priving them of periietual sunshine and substituting the dreary arctic night: "Time was when the sun, which now hides himself beyond the southern ocean for many months In winter, dr cled always above the northern hori zon. Aa it Is now night for many months. It was then always day. for at midnight the sun still stood above the horizon. Then our mantle, instead of the white one It now Is. wns a |>er [>etual green. Our [teople lived on luscious fruits that grew without cul ture and bathed In the tepid waves that danced lightly on the strand. In those days they knew only happiness. "But one day when some were mak ing merry under the green trees and others were sorting in the waves a canoe white as the snow amid whim we now live was discovered far out at sea. now gently raised on the crest of a billow, now sinking out of sight, but slowly drifting toward the land. •awesiru'-it, me people waited on the verge till the white canoe reached the sands, and there within It. Infold ed In a robe of ermine, lay a maiden whose skin wits fair and whose hair fell over her shoulders like rivulets of sunshine. The chief stood where the canoe touched the beach and. stooping, took the maiden in his arm*, carried her up to n grassy slope and asked: “ What art thou, and whence cometh thou " T am lte.fa, the daughter of the Spirit of the \\ Inds, and I come from his Ice castle in the far north.' '• ‘And will you stay with us.' asked the chief, 'or will you. having gladden ed our hearts by your coming, leave us to remember you Us |u a dream?' "I will not 'save you. My borne shall be with yon forever.' Then was bean] a far distant moaning in the north, rising ns it ap proached till Ithecame nn awful roar If was the voire of the Spirit of the AMnds. and It commanded our people to return at once Ids daughter to her white home i„ the north Terror stricken, the people flocked to their chief and brought him to give the malilen to tier father. But the chief stood mute, pointing to hi* house, which was now ruin. Entering there, they saw on a touch the maiden, her hand*, white n* marble. folded over her breast. "Then an awe greater tlinu th»t which had fallen on the people when the maiden first touched their land came to them, for they knew a grent calamity was about tovlslt them. The King of the Winds looked down on the form of Ids daughter, now cold In death, and great was hi* wrath. The multi tude knelt before him. supplicating him to apare them. But he heeded not their prayers. At his command hi* servant, the darkness, came and threw a black mantle over the land. "And so. bereft of the light and warmth of the sun. the verdure whiten ed and died The north wind blew snow from the clouds and the cold congealed the waters. The sun. who** track had been a golden circle In th* north, went to the south and hid be hind the ocean for many months. Then our ancestor*, who had lived under the trees, fearing no frost, were obliged to build huts to protect them from th# cold. The warm waves in which they had bathed became Icy cold, then hard ened. The people. I<ereft of the fruit* of the earth exposed to the cold, died In s*ent numbers. It was many months before the snow king relented suffi ciently to t*ermlt the sun to show hi* face agnlri and his warm breath to re vive the frozen land even for a brief season. ‘•Since that period, etery winter, tne sun goes south and leaves us In dark ness. The fruits which grew so pi*11 tifully for us hare never flourished again. But the spirit that deprived u* of them sent the white bear and the walrus, and we are obliged to h'-nt them In order to sustain ourselves with their meat nnd warm our bodies by burning their oil. The sun continues every winter to hide his face beneath the ocean nnd when ho comes back u> summer shines for so short a period that there Is no time for the fruits of the earth to ripen.” Is this tradition, based on «"Bi« change in the plane In which the earth revolves, a new direction In the cur rent of that mighty river we call the gulf stream, a shrinkage In the terres trial crust, or is It an ebullition of that poetic constitution common among men when they first enter npon a clvilt*» condition? Whether It Is to 1* plained by the first or the second b.t pothesls. it Is certainly a very lieaut fu! conception. And it is to these *00 ceptions of primitive people, groping “ the unexplained universe, grasping o the truth, that the poet who Interpret the world of romauce Is indebted.