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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY E3. A. . 9KILLMA 3ST. FORTY-EIGHTH YEAR SUBSCRIPTION RATES One copy, one year.$3.00 i )ne copy, six months . 1.60 One copy, three months.76 Single copies ten cents Entered at the Postofflce at Eureka as Second Glass Matter. SATURDAY. JANUARY 25, 1919 BURIAL OF PIONEER EUREKAN Remain* of John L. William* Laid to Re»t Beiide Those of Hi* Deceased Wife The funera of John Louis Williams, brief mention of whose death was made in last week’s 1 ENTINEL. took place Saturday afternoon from the home of his daughter, Mrs. James Mackey, on Atlas Hill. The services were conducted by W. R. Reynolds, and the hymns, “Asleep in Jesus,” and “Good Night,” were sung by Mrs. J. B. McNaughton and Miss Althea Eather at the home. Many of the older residents and friends of the deceased and family followed the remains to the city cemetery where they were interred beside those of his late wife, who passed away here about three years ago. Mr. Williams and his deceased wife were among the early settlers of Eureka, coming here from Ohio in the early 70’s. For a number of years he followed mining, and later worked at the furnaces. At the time his health began to fail he was living in Goodwin canyon and con ducting a dairy business. Deceased leaves no near relatives but his daughter, Mrs. James Mack ey. He was a native of Pontardu iais, Wales, and aged 76 years, 6 months and 7 days. ELY SITUATION UNCERTAIN The labor situation at Ely, owing to uncertainty of the copper market, presents some very serious problems according to Governor Boyle and State Labor Commissioner Robert F. Cole, who passed through Reno on their way to Carson City after spend ing several days in the copper camp adjusting the trouble between the railroad men employed in the Ruth pit and the company. All differences have been settled satisfactorily for the time being and there is no trouble in the camp at present. There have been about 800 men laid off by the company and not a pound of ore has been sold for some time. Production is going on to a limited extent, but how long this will continue is not known, according to Mr. Cole. Whether the company in tends to close down entirely for a few months or whether a reduction of wages is contemplated has not been given out, Home-Made Drinks Our Find tart New York, Jan. 20.—-Home made wine, from “devices already on the market for making alcoholic bever ages in the home,” will be the last resort of drinkers under nation-wide prohibition according to a statement to-night by William H. Hirst, counsel for the United States Brewers’ asso ciation. Mr. Hirst asserted that “people are going to have wine just as long as nature produces the ma terials.” “Already there are devices on the market for making alcoholic bever ages in the home,” he said. “Neither a federal amendment nor any other device can stop the American people from making their own wine.” CARD OF THANKS We desire to express our apprecia tion and thank all those who rend ered us any act of kindness during the illness, death and burial of our beloved father, John L. Williams. Mr. and Mrs. James Mackey. L KWmKn Ni«iP>™r W.!; • 'W—^ 1_New Curtiss airplane, fastest in the world, built for the American navy. 2—The Emir Felsal, son of the klig of the Iledjaz. who has been in England to present his father’s respects to King George. 3—Government troops in Cologne celebrating the order to re-mobilize to combat the Spartacans. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Formal Sessions of the Peace Cong.c'ss Begun; League of Nations Up First. MANY PLANS ARE PRESENTED — Americans Carefully Safeguarding the Monroe Doctrine—Poland to Get Help—Armistice Terms Made More Drastic—United States For National Prohibition. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Unless the peace congress, which held its first formal session on Satur day, changes its mind, the world must be satisfied hereafter with such infor mation concerning its deliberations as Is contained in the ofiiciul communique issued daily. Possibly because of a breach of confidence on the part of some correspondent, the supreme al lied council adopted a resolution that the delegates shall not talk outside the peace chamber of the doings of the conference. The hundreds of high priced journalists gathered in Paris from all parts of the world can devote their time to describing the majesty of the Arc de Triomphe and the allure ments of the Paris boulevards. The American and British correspondents formally and energetically protested against this rigid censorship. Later the rule may be relaxed, otherwise the demand for “open covenants of peace openly arrived at” goes by the board. In the preliminary work of the con ference the make-up and procedure of the congress were settled. It was de cided that the United States, the Brit ish empire, France, Italy and Japan should be represented by five delegates apiece. The British dominions and In dia besides are represented as follows: Two delegates respectively for Aus tralia, Canada, South Africa and In dia, including the native states, and one delegate for New Zealand. Brazil has three delegates. Belgium, China, Greece, Poland, Portugal, the Czecho slovak republic, Roumania and Serbia have two delegates apiece; Siam, Mon tenegro, Cuba, Guatemala, Haiti, Hon duras, Liberia, Nicaragua and Panama one delegate apiece. The delegates will vote as units. A great deal of time last week was devoted to eonsiderntion of the various plans for the league of nations, the organization of which was the first matter taken up by the peace dele gates after they began their formal sessions, in accordance with the de sire of President Wilson. Many schemes for the league were submit ted, these dividing themselves gener ally into two groups which differ as to the means of making effective the de cisions of the league. One holds that the rulings of the society of nations should be backed up by its combined physical forces; the other, that such force will not be necessary. Iu the ex amination of the plans it seemed cer tain that a compromise would not be difficult to reach. Prodded by the expressed anxiety of the senate, the American delegates carefully examined every scheme sub mitted to make sure that nothing in them endangered the cherished Monroe doctrine. They appear to be satisfied that this American ideal Is not imper iled and that, on the contrary, the league would in effect extend the prin ciple of the Monroe doctrine to the whole world. The senate is not so sure of this, and Senator Borah, who strongly opposed the formation of the league, introduced a resolution which, If passed, would serve notice that the senate will not ratify a treaty the pro visions of which conflict with the Mon roe doctrine and with the traditional duty of the United States to enforce that principle. -Re — The matter of extending aid to Po land was one of the serious things dis cussed last week, especially serious because it probably Involves the prob lem of what the allies shall do In the case of Russia. The American and British delegates were said to have agreed that, while none ef their own troops should be sent to help the Pol«s, the two Polish divisions recruit ed in the United States should be sent from France through Germany to as sist the government: set up by the Po lish national committee. These troops would co-operate in stemming the tide of bolshevism that is flowing west from Russia, making the new Poland ] a strong bulwark against that flood of ] anarchy. The plan is a concession to ! the ideas of the French, who are con vinced that bolshevism cannot or should not be dealt with militarily in Russia by the allies. It also is likely to compel General Pilsudski to come to an agreement with the Polish na tional committee as represented in Poland by Paderewski. The Spartacan revolution In Ger many—or at least in Berlin—has fizzled out. Llebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were captured and, according to report, killed. The other leaders are under ar rest or dispersed and some hundreds of their followers tire dead. After it week of terror the police were reinstated and armed, order was restored and busi ness was resumed. In some other cities the "Reds” are still in control, j but their chance for ultimate success seems to have gone glimmering. For one tiling, Hindenburg still has under his command an efficient army of more than a million men, and most of these troops he is holding true to the Ebert government. — ^ — This fact about the German army leads to the warning Issued by the Central News of London, that a situa tion exists in Europe under which war may break out again at any time and that the British scheme of demobiliza tion will have to be radically changed —which may also apply to American demobilization. An “unimpeachable authority” is quoted as saying that Great Britain will have to keep an j army of occupation on the Rhine for many months, which accords with the j opinion of others concerning all the j armies of occupation. It may be this note of alarm was caused by the dis covery that the Germans were trying to evade some of the terms of the armistice and by the more drastic conditions imposed by Marshal Foch in granting an extension of the armi stice. It was reported the marshal even threatened to march directly on Berlin if the Huns didn’t fulfill their pledges. It was stated unofficially that the new terms included the following: First—Retribution upon the Ger mans for the murder and ill-treatment of allied prisoners. Second—The machinery and goods stolen by Germany from France and Belgium to be at once given up. Third—German gold, amounting to more than $500,000,000, to be moved from Berlin to a safe place, probably Frankfort, and protected from bolshe vism in Germany en route. Certain other property to be surrendered. Fourth—Germany to give over her shipping, of which she is believed to have 4,000,0(X) tons, to carry food sup plies to countries in Europe in need of them. Fifth—Any U-boats on the stocks to be handed to the allies for their dis posal, or to be destroyed, and no more submarines should be built. — Germany is fully justifying all those who refused to believe in her good faith under any circumstances. She is determined not to permit the estab lishment of an independent Poland be cause she still proposes to grab enough in the east to make up for her losses on the west, and a Polish state would prevent this. The Germans are said to be supplying arms to the bol shevik! who are ravaging parts of Poland, and there was heavy fighting last week between the German troops and the Poles near Kalmar. It was re ported that Hindenburg himself would lead the German army against Poland. —tei— The world-wide activities of the bol sheviki took in Argentina, Uruguay and Peru, where there were desperate strikes accompanied by bloody fight ing, engineered by bolshevik agents. They also sent from Russia 4,000,000 gulden to Holland for a coup d'etat and riotous demonstrations planned for January 20. In this plot the Ger man radicals were co-operating with Wyncoop, the Dutch socialist leader. — fe — Because of dissension ovei Ita'.v’s territorial claims the cabinet resigned and Premier Orlando was commission ed to form a new one. Several mem bers were bitterly opposed to Foreign Minister Sonnino In his demands that Italy be given the whole of the Dalma tian coast, holding with President Wil son that part of that territory should justly be given to the Jugo-Slav state. Little Luxemburg also had her crisis last week. After a republic had been proclaimed, and suppressed within a few hours by the French military au thorities, Grand Duchess Marie abdi cated and was succeeded by the eldest of her sisters, Princess Charlotte. Marie had lost the favor of her people because, though she protested against the passage of the German armies through the principality, she after ward entertained high German per sonages. -Hi-* Speaking of high personages, there are some queer reports coming from the refuge of the former kaiser In Holland. It is declared he is border ing t>n insanity, talking almost inces santly and incoherently and wandering about at night. It is also said that his hea'th is failing rapidly. The Germans, who supported Wilhelm heartily until he turned out to be a loser, are now heaping abuse on him and the German commission appoint ed to determine his responsibility for the war has recommended that he be brought to trial, declaring that mar ginal notes In the kaiser’s handwriting on papers in the foreign office prove him to have been one of the chief war makers. This venomous course of the Germans certainly is superfluous, for the allied governments will see to It that Wilhelm and others get the pun ishment they so richly deserve. The desperate need of the liberated peoples of central Europe for food will be relieved as soon as possible. Urged by President Wilson, the American house of representatives appropriated $100,000,000 for this purpose, and it is understood the other allied nations will do their part. The money is not to be spent for food for the Germans, but much of the relief will go to the peo ples formerly under the rule of the Emperor of Austria. The British army in Italy did a graceful thing the other day when they sent several trainloads of food to starving Vienna in recogni tion of the decent way in which the Austrians had treated British prison ers of war. Hungary, which has been made a republic under the presidency of Count Sarolyi, is appealing to the allies for its share of help, as well as against being deprived of any of its territory by the surrounding new na tions. —1*^ Turkey came to the front wlth thj report that the Turks had finally g^ rendered Medina, the holy city of the Mohammedans, to the king of the Hedjaz. This capitulation wan t* eluded In the terms of the armistice; but was delayed by the long Isolation of the garrison. The disposition o! Constantinople also was brought nn. der renewed discussion by the submit sion of the claims of Greece to the peace delegates in Paris. The general belief was that the city would be placed under international control rather than turned over to the Greek* —**— The United States went dry last week, national prohibition “golnj over the top” when Nebraska ratified the constitutional amendment, bein| the thirty-sixth state to take that ac tion. The amendment goes into effect one year hence, but as the war meas ure passed by congress establishes country-wide prohibition on July 1 the dry era will really date from that day, The leaders of the prohibition party naturally are joyous over the triumph of the cause for which they struggled through so many years, and they now have a vision of a boozeless world. They have established headquarters in many foreign cities and say they are making great headway. The Unit ed States is the first great nation to adopt prohibition, for the Russian ban was only on vodka, and that has been lifted by the bolshevik govern ment. Nevada State News Mountain lions have made their appearance in Ruby Valley, says the Wells Herald, and are doing consider able damage to the live stock of that section. An Indian killed a lioness several days ago which had two baby lions. The cubs were taken alive. David McLean, sherriff of White Pine County for the past four years and for many years a peace officer in that county, retired to private life on the first of the year. For the past two years the work has been very hard for^Ir. McLean, owing to his advanced years and he concluded not to be a candidate for re-election. The most valuable carload of farm produce ever to leave Lyon County was shipped a few days ago when a consignment of alfalfa seed was shipped out to Chicago by Harry R. Warren. The consignment weighed 60,711 pounds and sold for 17 cents a pound f. o. b., making the lot worth $10,320. Another carload will be shipped next week. When the Mineral County Board of Commissioners render a decision it will carry some weight for the people of that county claim they have the weightiest hoard of commissioners in the State if not in several States. Commissioner Miller weighs 200 pounds and is the smallest one in the lot; Commissioner Boerlin tips the scales at 230 and Commissioner Baker is high man with 285. Together they weigh 715 pounds. T. M. Cook of Ely was arrested a few days ago by Sheriff Enslow of White Pine County and charged with selling liquor in violation of the dry law. Suspicion was aroused against Cook by the many visitors who fre quented his cabin day and night, l’he sheriff made a raid and uncovered sufficient evidence in the cabin to make a good case against Cook. At his trial he plead guilty and was sentenced to pay a fine of $250 and serve three months in the county jail. After a discussion regarding the care of Nye County’s indigents, the Board of County Commissionersgave out to its legislative delegation that it was desired to enact a law that will make it more difficult to receive assistance from the county. In fact, the consensus of opinion prevailed that a State home should be provided for indigent men who are now re ceiving a monthly stipend for their support; Tonopah has a number of old men who must be looked after, and it is beleived that by establishing a-home in this State that they could at least earn a portion of their daily keep. Classified Advertisements BABY CHIX-BABY CHIX. All breeds; also hatching eggs, eto. Buy your chix from a man that has lived in yonr State a long time and thor onghly understands handling and shipping them in this State. Chioks properly handled and shipped are half raised. Write ns for prices, etc. The G. A. Archibald Poultry & Produce Co., P. O. Box 716, Reno, Nevada, j-25.