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[gRING WHftT MAW DESTB0TED-S1LVER FOXES
B, B. D. OokpAc to PM«»OWi Bfact that Nature will preeerve ***?‘‘rfect epeciee. a*ain.t all k *^L7. exemplified In the cue* pak^er black fo*. This animal roamed the foreeU ot conalderable numbers, .muted a true apeclee, super S colorlnx and Quality of he common red fox of that *tbi.. Indeed, It waa the . beauty of the allver black bat became the principal ob - ' |ta exlatence, for we may *k!Jibat even prlmlUve man rec -Sfb. aupenor beauty of thU conaeguently. the animal waa P**1" bunted to the point of ex JU M a aep»«te *nd d,,tinCt ,t this point apparently that Jar. intervened and byceu.la, o-dver black to mate with his ««bler couiln of the red coat pre “Sd the breed being entirely wiped ,>he strain has persisted through Ssown generations and to this day wild state silver black whelps .Jfosnd in litter, of the red fox. Tks earliest fur traders In Amer w, knew and valued above all other " salts of this wonderful little ani Trappers and hunters were ZZ keen to obtain even a single !Limen To do so gave a mark of function. A single black pelt would ■T# ki,,, sufficient credit at the fur to render work unnecessary for months thereafter. Little won , tken, that the taking of silver kis^k fox pelt* wa* look*d upon ln tkat circumscribed world as the event o(. lifetime. 8otr. J6 years ago. In Prince Ed vard l*1*"'1 a trapper discovered a M containing silver black whelps. Hs conceived the idea of raising and these and thereby insuring kimself a steady Income from the mieof pelts. With two of his closest friends he determined to keep the meret, even from members of their families. They intended is ase this secret source for supply tag the pelt market, and did not re ikae the fact that by giving the news te the world they would reap a much paatar reward through the sale of the animals tor nreeoing purposes. He secret finally leaked out. This was disclosed by the sudden abnor mal prosperity of the three friends. The drafts received from the London tar brokers became too large to be bsssisd by the local banker, a fact which aroused a lively curiosity. Their struggle to gnard their hidden wares of wealth from possible com petitors makes a story by itself, of loag Journeys to distant points to m«n «~»ii packets of furs, and vari ous wily stratagems to defeat the cariosity and suspicion of their na tive community. Flnadly, the knowl edge was shared and three back seodtmen became millionaires, fath ers of a new industry. The demand ter foxes as breeders became acute. Prism went from $6,000 to as high as IIP,000 for one pair of breeding These were boom days when own ers of one pair of foxes could form a company, capitalising the pair (or $100,000 or more and have the stock oversubscribed in a taw hours. Many each companies were launched, some survived, but others smashed when the pricee suddenly declined. Following the break In the origin al combine the business of breeding grew steadily on Prince Edward Is land. At present there are more than >00 ranches in the province. Per sons employed number about 9,000. During 1921 pelts sold (or the aggre gate sum of $1,240,000. This is in addition to the value of the animals sold (or breeding stock (or which the figures are not available. The in dustry spread until "(ox ranching" exists la nearly all the provinces of Canada, and In the United States is found fn practically every Bute north of the Mason and Dixon Line. im rox-oreeaing industry at the present time la at the point of be coming of general Interest rather than being confined to localities. Closer co-ordination of the larger producing ranches In the opening of new producing points will within the next few years so Increase the pro ducing facilities that the enormous demand for these pelts can be met from the yearly increase without the danger of depleting the breeding stock. At the present time there are not enough ranch-bred foxes In the country to supply a fraction of one year's demand. Raw pelts of high grade sell in the fur auctions at from $600 to $600 each, with extra fine specimens commanding still higher prices, and high-grade registered stock can be purchased at approxi mately $$,000 a pair. The most significant angle of the story of the rise of fox farming to the position of a profitable Industry of national scope is that it heralds the return to this country of one of America's chief sources of wealth, furs. Furs were wealth. Furs were money. Furs were credit. Furs were commerce. But ruthless exploita tion combined with the rapid settle ment of the country practically elim inated the wild fur bearer, and now comes a newer generation to foster and restore another of America’s na tural resources. Instead of the picturesque front iersman In fringed buckskin whose pitfall, trap and gun, respected neith er time nor season, but killed when opportunity offered, we now have mating on sclentlflc lines, trained veterinarians and attendants, feeding schedules, stud books, and careful registration. Instead of pelts taken during mating season or when a denned litter of sucklings were sacri ficed with the death of the parent an imals, we now have furs taken at the very prime condition from animals killed quickly and painlessly. The ranch fox is a likeable chap. His conduct of family affairs and so cial relationships might well serve an example to the human family. Add ed to the ordinary fox psychology, developed In wild environment, the ranch-bred animal has a new set of impulses resulting from association I SCHNEIDER DRUG STORE ANNOTJN OBME3NT THIS old established business has been purchased by Dr. W. H. Brennen, who will continue to conduct the store under the name which has stood for honest mer chandising for over half a century. The same honesty and integrity which has characterized this business for the past fifty-two years will be the ideal by which its business policy will be guided in the future. The only essential changes will be the institution of more modern business methods, with an added variety of goods usually handled by a drug store. The quality of the goods, as has been the case in the past, will always be of the very highest. WATCH THIS SPACE FOR IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENTS LUMBER And mil its products, including Doors, Windows, Shingles, Loth, etc. Also Building Psper end Builders’ Hardware. MINING TIMBERS, WEDGES Wholesole end Retell VERDI LUMBER COMPANY Elko, Nevada ^_ - -— With mu. He still distrasta end I fears mankind In general bat Is quick to respond to cure and attention from the individual. foxes are mated In pairs. n»n»| usually endures for the lifetime of the animals. Bach pair occupies a space about 3U feet square inclosed br a special woven wire fence. The Inclosure has a woven wire partition, shutting oil about one-third the area of the pen whan occasion demands. A concrete foundation for the pen walls Is sunk to about 30 Inches be low the ground to circumvent the fox’s desire to dig himself out. Where the soil demands, a piece of woven wire about 18 inches wide Is laid flat below the surface of the pen floor just inside the walls as an added pre caution. The fox starts operations close to the obstruction. His engin eering does not quite run to starting a few feet back. The mating season la In January, and 61 days later the young are born. During this Ume the fox and his mate, particularly the latter, ex hibit those traits of character which In human beings are placed under the head of temperament. Tempers are short, and trifling annoyances be come causes of prolonged lrrltable ness, while fear may easily become panic. Visitors are excluded from January until early Summer. As their main residence, the pair select the largest den. This is a two roomed affair, the inner sleeping chamber being double-walled with a packing of sawdust or ground cork between the walls to Insure the litter against cold. The outer or living room has a single wall only but is weather-tight, as are all the dens. Some Ingenuity Is required to devise Ingress and exit. The (ox idea re quires that the real entrance to hia living quarters be placed as far as possible from the dwelling Itself and with no apparent relationship be tween the front door and the dwell ing. To humor this idiosyncrasy, ranchers have reproduced as nearly as possible the hollow log which the wild fox finds so convenient for dis guising the entrance to his den. Once settled, the fox and vixen find it ample for a home. The other two dens are used only for lounging. Near the time of maternity, the ner vousness and anxiety of the parents is evidenced by quarrels of high fre quency and tension, it is frequent ly necessary to isolate the fox. He is driven into the partitioned-off space. All openings are closed and father fox spends several weeks of enforced bachelorhood. The vixen left alone finds solitude more or less sedative. She is constantly under observation by the caretaker guardian in the watch tower, and when she emerges from the den exhibiting nervous ex citement he knows that a new family has arrived. He knows, too, just what will serve to calm her excite ment and as quickly as possible he gets a live chicken or pigeon, wrings its neck and tosses it to the vixen. The rending of warm flesh affords an outlet tor the vixen's lrritablenesb and quiets the nervous condition, so that she can give attention to the pupplea. In a few days the closed runways are opened and the fox fam ily circle restored. From then on the fox and vixen find their time fully and joyfully occupied. After the birth of the litter, me need for the third den becomes ap parent. As soon as possible, the caretaker lifts the top of the large den to count the Utter and to put the den in a sanitary condition. This act arouses the suspicion of the vixen. She seems to feel that the entire world has been let In on the secret of the location of her wonderful new family and decides to hide them anew. The third den otters a con venient hiding place. Without it. the vixen would undoubtedly attempt to dig out a den for hiding her puppies which might result In the death of some from exposure. Foxes are fed chiefly with cereals and milk, the old ones receiving meat twice dally. The meat, chiefly beef, with occasional allowances of poul try, is fed clean and sweet though mostly a little tough, and at no time are scraps and remnants allowed to remain about the pen. The eating and drinking vessels for the foxes are kept Immaculately clean and ev ery precaution taken to keep the liv ing quarters sanitary. The silver black will eat almost anything and thrive under any conditions, but mod ern ranchers whose stock consists of pure bred animals take every precau tion. ASSAYS ARE VITAL Assaying is Important and Cheap Gold and Silver . J-®® Gold, Silver and Lead . l oo Gold, Silver. Lead and Cop per . 26° R. h. OFFICER * CO. A88AYEK8 AND CHEMISTS 28 Years in Same location l«» 8. West Temple Salt Lake City Send for our Shippers’ Service Letter milk for sale 1 have first class milk for sale at my home on South Main street, and am also prepared to deliver It to patrons in Bureka who desire It left at their homes. _ wna T.BMi TOON ONI. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS Propositions To Be Voted on at General Election To Be Held m Nevada, November, 1922 Authorized by GEORGE BRODIGAN, Secretary of State The following constitutional amendments (No. 1; No. 2) were ( passed by the Legislatures of 1919 and 1921. and are to be voted upon by the people at the general election of 1922: No. 1 Assembly Joint Resolution proposing to amend Section 20 of Article 4 of the Constitution of the State of Nevada. Resolved by the Assembly, the Senate concurring. That section 20 of article 4 of the constitution be amended so as to read as follows: Section 20. The legislature shall not pass local or special laws In any of the following enumerated cases, that Is so say: Regulating the juris diction and duties of justices of the peace and of constables, and Axing their compensation; for the punish ment of crimes and misdemeanors; regulating the practice of courts of justice; providing for changing the venue in civil and criminal cases; granting divorces; changing the names of persons; vacating roads, town-plots, streets, alleys and public squares; summoning and empaneling grand and petit juries, and providing for their compensation; regulating county and township business; reg ulating the election of county and township officers; for the assessment and collection of taxes for State, County, and township purposes; pro viding for opening and conducting elections of State, county, or town ship officers, and designating the places of voting; providing for the sale of real estate belonging to min ors or other persons laboring under legal disabilities; giving effect to In valid deeds, wills, or other instru ments; refunding money paid into the State treasury, or into the treas ury of any county; releasing the in debtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation, association, or per son to the State, or to any county, town or city of this State; but noth ing in this section shall be construed to deny or restrict the power of the legislature to establish and regulate the compensation and fees of county officers, to establish and regulate the rates of freight, passage, toll and charges of railroads, toll-roads, ditch, flume and tunnel companies, incor porated under the laws of this State or doing business therein. No. 2 Senate Joint Resolution No. 4 of the Twenty-ninth Session. Proposal to amend the Constitution of the State of Nevada. Resolved by the Senate, the As sembly concurring, That section 12 of article 4 of the constitution be amended to read as follows: In case of the death or resignation of any member of the legislature, either senator or assemblyman, the county commissioners of the county from which such member was elected shall appoint a person of the same political party as the party which elected such senator or assemblyman to fill such vacancy; provided, that this section shall apply only in cases where no general election takes place between the time of such death or resignation and the next succeeding session of the legislature. THE DIVORCE LAW The Act immediately following was proposed to the Legislature of 1921 by initiative petition; that Legisla ture rejected the measure, and pro posed a substitute. No. 3(b), which is also here given. Both of these measures are to be voted on by the people at the general election of 1922, and the one receiving the ma jority of votes will be the law. No. 3(a) An Act affecting divorce and matters properly connected therewith, pro viding for interlocutory decrees of divorce in certain cases and elim inating what are commonly known as short-term decrees in divorce cases and repealing Section 22 of an Act entitled “An Act relating to marriage and divorce,” approved November 28, 1881, as amended, and all other Acts or parts of Acts in conflict herewith. The People of the State of Nevada do enact as follows: Section 1. Divorce from the bonds of matrimony may be obtained, by complaint under oath, to the district court of the county in which the cause of action therefor shall have accrued, or in which the plaintiff or defendant shall have resided six (6) months before the suit be brought for the following causes: First—Impotency at the time of the marriage continuing to the time of the divorce. Second—Adultery, since the mar riage, remaining unforglven. Third—Wilful desertion, at any time, of either party by the other, for the period of one year. ' Fourth—Conviction of felony or infamous crime. Fifth — Habitual gross drunken ness contracted since marriage of either party, which shall incapacitate such party from contributing his or her share to the support of the fam ily. Sixth—Extreme cruelty in either party. Seventh—Neglect of the husband, for the period of one year, to provide the common necessaries of life, when such neglect is not the result of pov erty on the part of the husband, which he could not avoid by ordinary industry. e Sec. 2. The judgment or decree of divorce granted under the provisions ot this act shall be a final decree; provided, however, that if the court shall find from the evidence produced upon the trial that a reconciliation may be effected between the parties, the court may order the entry of an interlocutory judgment declaring that the party in whose favor the court decides is entitled to a divorce, and from such interlocutory judg ment an appeal may be taken within six (6) months after its entry in the same manner and with like effect as if the judgment were final. Sec. 3. When six (6) months have expired wfter the entry of any Inter locutory judgment entered under section 2 hereof, the court, on mo tion of either party or on Its own mo tion, may enter a final judgment granting (1) the divorce, and such final judgment shall (2) restore each of the parties to the status of single persons, and (3) permit either to marry after the entry thereof; pro vided. however, that the entry of such final decree shall not validate any marriage contracted by either party subsequent to the entry of such interlocutory judgment and prior to the entry of such final decree, nor constitute any defense to any crim inal prosecution made against eith er; and (4) such other and further relief as may be necessary to com plete disposition of the action, but if any appeal is taken from any such Interlocutory judgment or motion for a new trial made, final judgment shall not be entered until such mo tion or appeal has been finally dis posed of, nor then, if the motion has been granted or judgment reversed. Sec. 4. Section 22 of an act en titled "An act relating to marriage and divorce,” approved November 28, 1861, as amended February 15, 1875, February 20, 1913, and Febru ary 23, 1915, is hereby repealed. All other acts or parts of acts in conflict herewith are hereby repealed. No. 3(b) An Act proposing a legislative sub stitute for “An Act affecting di vorce and matters properly con nected therewith, providing for in terlocutory decrees of divorce in certain cases and eliminating wliat are commonly known as short-term decrees In divorce cases, and re pealing Section 22 of an Act en titled ‘An Act relating to marriage and divorce,’ approved November 28, 1861, as amended, and all oth er Acts or parts of Acts in conflict herewith,” presented to this Leg islature by the Secretary of State upon initiative petition under Sec tion 8 of Article 19 of the Consti tution, and to provide for the sub mission of a legislative substitute by the Secretary of State to the qualified electors for approval or rejection at the next ensuing gen eral election. Approved March 28, 1921 Whereas, There has been transmit ted to this legislature a measure In itiated by petition of more than ten per cent of the qualified electors of the State of Nevada as required by law, entitled "An act affecting di vorce and matters properly connect ed therewith, providing for interloc utory decrees of divorce in certain cases and eliminating what are com monly known as short term de crees In divorce cases, and repealing section 22 of an act entitled ‘An act relating to marriage and divorce,’ ap proved November 28, 1861,asamend ed. and all other acts or parts of acts In conflict herewith”; and wnereas, ine legislature uas re jected such initiative measure; and Whereas, Under the provisions of section 3 of article 19 of the consti tution of Nevada, the legislature may, with the approval of the Governor, propose a different measure on the same subject which shall be submit ted by the secretary of state to the qualified electors for approval or re jection at the next ensuing general election; now, therefore, The People of the State of Nevada, represented In Senate and As sembly, do enact as follows; Section 1. The legislature of the State of Nevada, with the approval of the governor, proposes as a legisla tive substitute for "An act affecting divorce and matters properly con nected therewith, providing for in terlocutory decrees of divorce in cer tain cases and eliminating what are commonly known as short-term de crees in divorce cases, and repealing section 22 of an act entitled ‘An act relating to marriage and divorce,’ approved November 28, 1861, as amended, and all other acts or parts of acts in conflict herewith,” that section 22 of “An act relating to mar riage and divorce,” approved Novem ber 28. 1861, as amended and ap proved February 23, 1915, be amend ed to read as follows; Section 22. Divorce from the bonds of matrimony maybe obtained, by complaint, under oath, to the dis trict court of the county In which the cause therofor shall have ac crued, or In which the defendant shall reside or be found, or In which the plaintiff shall reside, If the lat ter be either the county In which the parties last cohabited, or in which the plaintiff shall have resided six months before suit be brought, for the following causes: First—Impotency at the time ol the marriage continuing to the time of the divorce. Second—Adultery, since the mar riage, remaining unforglven. Third—Wilful daaartloa, at aaj time, of either party hy the other, for the period of one year. Fourth—Conviction of felony or infamous crime. Fifth—Habitual gross drunken ness contracted since marriage of either party, which shall incapacitate such party from contributing his or her share to the support of the fam ily. Sixth—Extreme cruelty In either party. Seventh—Neglect of the husband, for the period of one year, to provide the common necessaries of life, when such neglect Is not the result of pov erty on the part of the husband which be could not avoid by ordinary In dustry; provided, that, unless the cause of action shall have accrued within the county while plaintiff and defendant were actually domiciled therein, no court shall have Juris diction to grant a divorce unless eith er the plaintiff or defendant shall have been a resident of the State for a period of not less than six months next preceding the commencement of the action. The judgment or decree of divorce granted under the provi sions of this act shall be a final de cree. Sec. 2. It shall be the duty oi tne secretary of state to submit to the qualified electors for approval or re jection, at the next ensuing general election, the foregoing amendment to section 22 as a legislative substi tute for said initiative bill entitled "An act affecting divorce and mat ters properly connected therewith, providing for interlocutory decrees of divorce in certain cases and elimin ating what are commonly known as short-term decrees in divorce cases, and repealing section 22 of an act entitled ‘An act relating to marriage and divorce,’ approved November 28, 1861, as amended, and all other acts or parts of acts in conflict herewith.’’ First publication Sept. 30, 1922. Second publication Oct. 7, 1922. Third publication Oct. 21, 1922. — NOTICE OF — BOND ISSUE FOR COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that an election will be held In Eureka County on November 7th, 1922, for the purpose of submitting to the vot ers of Eureka County the question of bonding Eureka County in the sum of $90,000.00 for the purpose of pur chasing a High School building site, and constructing thereon a new High School building, and Dormitory build ing, and for equipping the same. The polling places for said election will be the same as for the general election, and will be held on the same date, to-wlt: November 7 th, 1922. The polls will be open from 8 a. m. until 6 p. m. of said day. The amount of the proposed bond issue is the sum of $90,000,00. Said bonds Bhall bear interest at the rate of six per cent per annum and shall be payable and mature, as to the principal thereof, within twenty years from the date thereof. Said High School and Dormitory building site will be situated in the town and county of Eureka, Nevada, and the said High School building and Dormitory building will be built upon said High School and Dormitory building site, and the equipment will be placed in said High School and Dormitory buildings. The money realized from the sale of the proposed bonds will be used to pay the purchase price of said pro posed building site. High School building and Dormitory, and for equipping the said High School and Dormitory buildings. R. McCHARLES, County Clerk. First publication Sept. 16, 19 22. Last publication Nov. 4, 1922. NOTICE TO OWNERS OF LIVESTOCK Complaint having been made to the Board of County Commissioners that live stock has been driven,upon and across certain public roads In Eureka County, and has caused dam age thereto by rolling rocks Into the road, and otherwise, Notice is hereby given that all persons who may hereafter drive live stock upon or across any public road In Eureka County, will be re quired at his own expense to repair the road, or suit will be brought for the amount necessary to repair the same, as provided In Sections 3022 3023, of Vol. 1 as amended in Ses sion Laws, 1913, page 239. R. J. REID, Chairman Board of County Com missioners. Eureka, Nevada, June 5, 1922. Elko Light Machinery Repairing Company We repair Guns, Typewrit ers, Phonographs, Cash Reg isters, Sewing Machines, Adding Machines. Prompt attention given work sent in from outside. ADOLPH BIANCANI, Prop. 524 Commercial St. P. O. Box 342, Elko, Nevada MINING TAX Notice la hereby given that the tax es on the proceeds of the mines of Eureka County for the quarter end ing September 30, 1922, are now due and payable to me at my office in Eu reka and the law in regard to the same will be strictly enforced. W. J. HOOPER. 4a—aor of Soroka County, Nevada.