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THE EUREKA SENTINEL
^TAFUSHED 1870 ____l'UREKA, NEVADA, NOVEMBER 4, 1922 PUBLISHED SATURDAYS g HIGH SCHOOL BONOS ARE FAVORED •wakening Interest In the High £i Mnd Issue Is being displayed !£?hsentire county, and as the Is #TW Hornes better understood the ,ae ”p#ultu(je becomes more and ‘ - in favor of their passage. “TMs been repeatedly explained, i many of the heaviest taxpayer, f .Harts of the county have ex *° * /.hamselves decidedly in favor !ftM pass«e 01 the ^°nd* 8t the jwdon to be held next Tuesday. Ho one really vitally Interested ha. • sianuted the need of the county J" , new High School building It JHnly been a question of the best Zl to do in raising the money A letter was mailed last week by ,aacounty Board of Education to ev il, registered voter In the county, flaming in detail the three ways of during the money for the erectiou of the building, viz: nret—By levying a special tax on .11 assessable property in the county. Second—By issuing bonds on per Btadon granted by the State Legis lates. • •_ .... Third—uy modI* of the county have voted them The majority of the taxpayer*, es oedally those who pay a goodly sum tataxes. realize and have expressed themselves firm In the belief that the hoed issue which permit* of the pay im of these bonds In small amounts over a period of years is much pref erable to the payment all In one year, thich the levying of a special tax soald necessitate. At a rally and general get together mttnng held in PalUade last Satur 4*. evening. Dr. William H. Bren sen, President of the County Board of Education, spoke at considerable length explaining In detail the ur gent need for such a building; the idvutages which would accrue to the entire county; the advantages of lereral rooms for the care of High School atudents from various parts of the county; and various means of reining the money. U connection with the revenue end, Dr. Brennen discussed fully the meaning of the law which provides for the building of high schools In the various counties of the State. We do not again puote the law as It was Included In the letter which the County Board of Education sent to the roters of the county. The Doctor says that the people whom he has met In his various visits la nil parts of the county express themselves as favoring the erecting of the building, and also express the hope that no one will stand in the say of the best for the education of the boys and girls of Eureka County. DAILY TRAIN SERVICE TO BE RESUMED Newt has been received In Eureka this week that the train schedule on tke local railway will soon be In creased to six trains each way week ly. The increase In service will come as soon as rolling stock sufficient to operate the trains is placed In first class order, which will probably be between the 10 th and l&th of No vember. The large shipments of spates that will be made by the Hlch mond-Eureka Mining Company are partly responsible for the improved service, which will restore the dally ■nail and passenger trains to Eureka. EUREKA MINING NEWS WBEKA-SECKKT CANYON Superintendent Clarence Johnson returned Monday from the Secret Canyon Mines and reports that they are following a pipe of Iron conglom erate opened recently In the north east drift of the Page shaft. They tre now getting boulders of ore and iron, and the pipe has widened out in the last few days with strong ln ilcatlons of a nearby ore body. In ;he southeast drift on the same level the ground Is getting softer and oe :aaional bugs of ore give promise of ••dins to a large deposit. PALISADE CORRESPONDENCE A free-for-all political dance waa given In Palisade Saturday night, October S8, in honor of Eureka Coun ty candidates. The people of Pali sade, Pine Valley and vicinity turned out to welcome and see the different candidates, and as a result all were well pleased and enjoyed themselves until 4 a. m. Miss Jewell, teacher of the Pal isade school, has a line voice and rendered several selections that met with hearty applause. Dr. W. H. Brennen addressed the gathering on the school bond Issue, and explained the purposes for which the money would be used In erecting a new County High School building. He explained the urgent need of tak ing action at once towards the erec tion of such a building, and when he completed bis remarks there was thought to be a general sentiment favorable to the bonds. W. R. Reynolds, District Attorney of Eureka County, and now a candi date for District Judge, auctioned a large box of candy as one of the startling events of the evening, and It was taken by the highest bidder, Edgar Eather. candidate for District Attorney. He again auctioned the box of candy, and it was bid in by Dr. Brennen, who opened It and treated the crowd. Mr! Eather an nounced that <7.75 had been realized from the candy and turned it in to ward the benefit of the dance. A. J. Maestretti, candidate for Dis trict Judge, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Bert Acree of Austin, donated the music for the dance, which was greatly appreciated by all, and we wish to thank them personally for the enjoyment afforded, and all hope that they will visit Palisade again. The net proceeds of the dance, with Mr. Bather's donation, amount ed to <41.75, which was given to the Palisade school for purchasing lights, etc. The outside visitors were Joe Flynn and his sister. Miss Kitty of Diamond Valley, and Mr. Parker, Sheriff of Lander County. The following candidates were present: Edgar Eather, W. R. Rey nolds. Peter Merlaldo, R. McCharles, Granville Fletcher, W. J. Hooper, William Hammond, Mike Donnelley, Hiram Kitchen, A. J. Maestretti, Dr. Urennen. Mabel K. Young, Herbert Burdick, Clarence Johnson, Mrs. E. M. Bradley. William Hawkins, J. P. Whitmore. Mrs. E. C. Carsonsen of Ogden. Utah, is here visiting with Mrs. W. P. Jones. The Eureka Land & Live Stock Company shipped eight cars of beef from Alpha last Saturday. J. D. Cockrlll of the J. D. Ranch made a four-car shipment of beef to California on Tuesday. Four cars of bulk ore from the Union mines went over the local rail way last week, and they are now completing a six-car shipment. Ross Plummer and Jess Knight are doing the hauling with eight horse teams. Deputy Sheriff Earl Cobb and Mel vin dark of Eureka were Palisade visitors Saturday and Sunday. Last Spring George Rommel, a lo cal trapper, thought he would go into the potato business, and he planted 25 pounds of seed. He later figured there was going to be a shortage of water and decided not to plant more. Last week Jack Frost made him get busy and dig a little, and when he weighed his crop he had 425 pounds. Do you want to buy any potatoes? Ask James Rattazzi. candidate for Sheriff, if Palisade isn't a pretty cold place to run a Lizzie. HIGH SCHOOL TO RESUME WORK The Eureka County Board of Ed ucation has leased the old E. E. Phil lips residence property on Nob Hill and Principal Luce with a force of men is now making a few needed re pairs to fit the building for high school use. School will begin the early part or middle of next week. Mr. Luce an nounces that he will post the exact date of opening In the Post Office lobby. The building now under repair will be put in first class condition, and will be clean and warm. Don't mistake a boaster for a hero. W. R. REYNOLDS CANDIDATE FOR THIRD JUDICIAL DISTRICT —EUREKA AND LANDER COUNTIES — ELECTION NOVEMBER 7, t#22 am GDUNTV STOCKMEN HOLD MEETING | J S The annual meeting of the mem- , here of the Nevada Cattle and Sheep Growers’ Association of Eureka County was held In the District Court room in Eureka Wednesday after noon, and was attended by a number of the stock raisers of this section. Vernon Metcalf, secretary of the association, was the principal speak er at the meeting and took up many subjects of vital Importance to those engaged in the Important Industry. He submitted many interesting llg ures and made valuable suggestions. Among the achievements of the association as reviewed by Secretary Metcalf and suggestions made by him on Important matters were the fol lowing: Achievements of Nevada Association In order to have Nevada share in the benefits to be derived through the United States War Finance Cor poration the association secured a committee of bankers, which, wttA a representative of the association, met with the director of the corporation when that officer passed through San Francisco on his tour of the West. The situation of the livestock Indus try in Nevada was explained in de tail to the Government official and assurances reoeived that plenty of money was available to cover all loans which could be protected with reasonable security, provided Nevada banks would handle the details of placing the loans with qualified ap plicants. The greatest benefit de rived from this was perhaps through the fact that immediately it became known that financial aid was avail able through Government channels the credit situation generally was re lieved. Money for loans from pri vate sources became more plentiful and the necessity for stockgrowera heavily in debt to force the sale of their stock in order to cover obliga tions commenced to disappear . This combination of circumstances re sulted in a prompt stiffening of live stock values, and from the time it became known that Government fi nancial help for Nevada stockmen was coming prices of livestock and livestock products have continued to increase. Tnrougn tne enorts tne state as sociation a cooperative loan associa tion was organized and financed to place these Government loans with qualified livestock borrowers in the main livestock section, this being found necessary because of the fact that many banka could not find It to their advantage under the rules im posed to place the Government mon ey with the stockgrowers qualified to receive it. Up to this Fall this cooperative association had placed in loans with qualified stockgrower bor rowers in Nevada approximately $400,000 of Government funds. By the end of the current year It Is an ticipated that $800,000 will thus be loaned, and this is the limit in the sum which the association can place in Nevada under the Government rule and the size of Its capital stock. The effect of these loans has been felt all over the State, resulting in a material lessening of tightened credit, in in creased business for all commercial and professional lines and in stimu lated prices for livestock generally. Organize Joint Stock Land Banks Under a new provision of the Fed eral farm loan act it Is now possible, through the organization of joint stock land banks, for farmers and stockmen to secure Government help in loans on their land and improve ments. Loans to a maximum of $50, 000 to an individual are provided for at an interest rate of 6 per cent. As long as forty years can be granted for payment. Advances will be made of sums up to 50 per cent of the ap praised value of lands offered as se curity and 20 per cent of the im provements. Steps have been taken by the livestock association to have Nevada placed under the territory of the San Francisco joint stock land bank, and Information to date justi fies the belief that this will soon be accomplished, when Nevada farmers and stockmen in need of help in this connection can have fair opportunity to secure the same. Government Financial Legislation Legislation looking to a plan of permanent Government financing -when needed for the livestock and agricultural Industries of the entire country Is now pending. In order that when this legislation is secured it may fit the practical needs of those which it is destined to benefit, com mittees of stockmen and farmers have been Invited to develop this leg islation in cooperation with Govern ment officials. To protect Nevada’s interests along this line the associa tion has succeeded in securing a place on this committee and Jerry Sheehan of Winnemucca has been selected as Nevada’s representative. Takes On Both I .and and Livestock The activities of the association during the last year in its efforts to secure equitable taxation on land and livestock in Nevada, compared with other classes of property, were out lined in detail. It was explained that this activity has been developed on the line of bringing out all possible points upon which an equitable plan of such taxation could be requested. Studies have been conducted and sta tistics secured upon the bases of which the burden of taxation being borne by the major Industries of the State could be compared. These studies have resulted in the claim by the association that proportionately the farmers and stockmen are being taxed much heavier on the basis of their total Income than are the other main Industries of the State. The showing has been sufficient to quite generally change the sentlmentwhlch previously prevailed that the opposite was true. On the basis of total In come these statistics show that for the calendar year 1921 while .42 per cent of the gross income from mining in Nevada was absorbed for State taxes and 1.36 per cent of the gross Income from railroads In Nevada. 3.06 per cent was taken from the to tal income of the farming and live stock Industry of the State. On the average basis In 1921 the average county tax rate was three times the State rate, the percentage ot the to tal Income of these industries ab sorbed for both State and county tax es is shown to be: For mines and Improvements, 1.26 per cent; for railroads, 6.44 per cent; for land and livestock, 12.12 per cent. These sta tistics also show that for the total agricultural and livestock Income In Nevada products represent close to 86 per cent. In connection with the valuations placed on livestock for purposes ot taxatlqi report was made that as a result of the hearing held by the tax officials and livestock association rep resentatives these figures for 1923 have been set at $25 per head on cattle and $5 per head on sheep, as against valuations ot $28 and $4 re spectively for 1922. In line with the whole subject ot livestock valuations it was reported to the farmers and stockmen present that the association was considering recommending a change in the law In this regard to provide that here after livestock valuations. Instead of being fixed by the State Board of Equalization, would be fixed by the g.'ite Tax Commission, the idea being that livestock is valued as a state wide property and not on a county b»ais; that the assessors are not In a favorable position to determine what the average of the livestock all over the State is worth. The members of the State Tax Commission, on the other hand, are in a position, as is true with ail other property which is valued on a Statewide basis, to consider the valuation of livestock on such a basis. By this change it is felt that a more equitable valuation on livestock can be assured. Problems of Marketing of Livestock The plans and activities of the live stock association in the marketing problems were gone Into in consider able detail. These involve principal ly a plan under which weekly the as sociation can post the stockmen on *»iat stock is worth compared with what is being paid for similar stock elsewhere. In this connection the point was made that in order for the association to be in a position to fur nish information on livestock sale prices at country points it Is neces sary for the stockmen themselves to promptly report all such sales, with details as to prices, contract condi tions, etc., to the association office. Announcement was made that through the efforts of western live stock organizations Government mar ket reporters had been assigned to San Francisco and Los Angeles for the purpose of issuing market re ports. This information has previ ously been available only through the source of the buying agencies. Mr. Metcalf stated that the Nevada Association planned to shortly give out a weekly market report to the newspapers of Nevada, and if stock men desired more direct information on a pending sale, the Reno office of the association would give them the market prices by telegraph. Dr. Edward Records, executive of ficer of the State Board of Stock Commissioners, then spoke of the work of the Board in controlling live stock diseases and livestock theft. The stockmen present stated there was little or no disease prevalent in this section, but there was complaint of stock rustling. It was stated the association would probably try and have a law passed by the next Legis lature making it compulsory for any one peddling meat to exhibit the hide and obtain a permit from the Sheriff before offering for sale meat in any town or city. This law if passed would cause the vendor some loss of time in securing a permit, but is be lieved by stockmen to be the only so lution for curbing stock rustling ac tivities. Predatory Animals The Important subject of the de struction of predatory animals was taken up by E. R. Sans, who Is In charge of the work In Nevada in co operation with the State Rabies Com mission and the County Rabies Com mission. During the twenty-one months from January 1. 1921, to September 30, 1922, the State and counties have expended in this work $29,192.65. In these campaigns there have been taken 1,275 bobcats, 8,748 coyotes, 4 mountain lions and 1 wolf, a total of 10,028 predatory animals. Re ceipts from State furs sold totaled $10,306.83 during this period. This money has been turned into the State Treasury. There is on hand approx imately $2,000 worth of unsold State furs. The county appropriations were were made late and little of those funds have been used. With the fa vorable poisoning season now coming on the force of hunters is being great ly increased and a thorough poison ing campaign i3 well under way. Through the aid of Federal funds the work during the period of twen ty-one months covered in the report of the biological survey, showed the cost to the State for the destruction of coyotes and other predatory ani mals has been considerably lees than ATTENTION ELECTION OFFICERS The Sentinel urgently requests the Inspectors of each election precinct throughout Eureka Coun ty, on the completion of the count, to take a sam ple ballot and mark the number of rotes received by each candidate, for warding the same en closed in an envelope to the Sentinel office by mes senger or through the post office. Unless this is done it will be impossible for us to furnish an early report of the result of the elec tion in Eureka County, as the ballot boxes and the returns sent to County Commissioner E. C. John son this year will not be opened until the ballots are officially counted. VOTE FOR CLUTE FOR STATE SENATOR To The Voters of Eureka County: In appearing before you as a can didate for State Senator at the elec tion next Tuesday, I wish to say that I stand firmly for the advancement in every way possible of the varied in terests of Eureka County, and espec ially for publicity regarding its min ing possessions. Development of these means better times for our farmers, stockmen, and merchants. The coming year will witness the be ginning of a protracted period of mining investments, and Eureka County should have a large share in the benefits to be derived from this movement. I have already expressed myself regarding the urgent necessity of re trenchment and efficiency in the ad ministration of the State's business. I regret exceedingly that I have not been able to meet personally all of the voters of Eureka County before election day, but trust that my state ments regarding my position in State and County affairs will be acceptable to the cltlezns, and if elected, I can promise that all of my efforts will be centralized in securing the strongest representation for our County and its interests in the coming legislative session that my ability and experi ence 1b able to accomplish. Sincerely, —Advt. W. M. CLUTE. PUBLIC SCHOOL NOTICE Owing to the fact that the Trus tees and the majority of the parents have considered the schoolhouse no longer safe for occupancy, the follow ing rooms have been equipped for temporary use: TOQNONI HOUSE, back of school building, for the first, second, third and fourth grades. HILDEBRAND HOUSE on the hill back of W. J. Swick home, for fifth and sixth grades. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH for seventh and eighth grades. Monday, November 6, school will convene in the above mentioned places, the schoolhouse bell ringing at the regular hour. Children should report directly to the houses desig nated. DELLA M. EICHELBEROER. Principal. $2 each. This does not take Into consideration thousands of coyotes poisoned but not found in time to se cure the skin or scalp. Thousands of magpies have likewise been destroyed in the campaign. This has resulted in a great saving in native birds of all kinds, as well as poultry, due to the fact that the magpie is a serious menace in the destruction particular ly of eggs and young fowl. They also carry contagious diseases, which spread through sheep and other an imals with disastrous results. The cost of destroying predatory animals by men working under sal ary and properly directed as com pared with what is commonly called the bounty system was discussed and attention directed to the fact that the number of animals taken by the co operative service, at 'a cost of con siderably less than 12 each, has re sulted in a saving to the taxpayers when based upon the bounty former ly paid in this State. It was further pointed out that in adltion to those animals taken through the service approximately 60,000 predatory an imals have been killed for their furs only, and under the bounty system would have resulted in an enormous outlay on the part of the taxpayers. Vernon Metcalf then brought the meeting to a close in an interesting address, wherein he pointed out many of the advantages obtained by the asociation for its members and gave an excellent account of the ac tivities during the last year. BITTEN BY A^RABID COYOTE An Indian sqanw was brought into Eureka Wednesday from the Pete Carletti ranch in upper Pine Valley, whose srm and wrist had been badly lacerated by what is thought to have been a rabid coyote. It appears that the squaw was awakened early In the morning by a dog barking and arose from her bed to find out what the trouble was. At that moment the dog ran into the tent pursued by the coyote. The squaw, who is old and nearly blind, was attacked by the coyote, which she grabbed by the ears and held while calling for help. Other Indians responded and killed the coyote with a shotgun. The squaw is now In the County Hospital, and Dr. Brennen states will be given the Pasteur treatment there. He has ordered a supply of the ser um, which will arrive at regular In tervals, and be administered In the usual manner. HALLOWE’EN PARTY The Sophomore and Junior Class es of the Eureka County High School gave a most enjoyable Hallowe’en dancing party at Pavilion hall last Friday evening. The grotesque dec orations of black cats, jack-o-lan terns. etc., symbolic of the Hallow e'en season, brightened up the large hall and added cheer to the as semblage of students, parents and friends. A fortune telling booth had been arranged and the various mes sages that were given out from the fortune teller to those seeking infor mation from that source created no little amount of Interest and amuse ment. At midnight a lunch of sand wiches, cake and coffee was served by the students in the hall, after which dancing was resumed and con tinued until 2 o’clock. Unanimous praise is being accorded the students as entertainers. TO THE VOTERS OF EUREKA COUNTY The report circulating around the County regarding a remark that I am credited with making about the Italians, is absolutely untrue and without foundation. 1 defy any one to prove that I made any ascertion referring to the Italians, or how many votes I was or was not going to get. I started out with the determina tion to make a clean, honest, upright, single-handed fight in this election, which thus far I have done, and will continue to do. It is simply the same old thing handed out, in a different style, by the smut delvers, for the purpose of defeating me. DR. MABEL K. YOUNG, Canidate for Clerk and Treasurer of Eureka County. —Advt. GENERAL MANAGER BROWN RETURNS TO WASHINGTON W. H. J. Brown, general manager of the Eureka-Secret Canyon Mines Company, accompanied by Calvin W. Morton of Baltimore, who is inter ested in the company, left last week for San Francisco, where after a short stop they will proceed to New York and Washington, the main of fice of the company being located in the latter city. Mr. Brown is as enthusiastic as ever over the future of Eureka and believes that a large expansion of mining development will take place next Spring in this district, as a num ber of many prominent mining au thorities believe that the ore deposits that will be found in many of the new properties will be as extensive as those extracted from the older mines. TO THE VOTERS OF EUREKA COUNTY There is a report going around that I will not need more than my own vote to elect me to the office of Justice of the Peace of Eureka Town ship at the general election on Tues day, November 7, 1922. I am thankful to state that my health is steadily Improving, and that I will be able to perform the duties of the office. No one doubts my cap ability, and I respectfully ask the voters of Eureka Township to sup port my candidacy on election day. My name will appear on the ballot as M. H. JOSEPH. —Advt. COMING COUNTRY FAIR DANCE The next social event In Eureka will be the Country Fair Dance to be given at Pavilion Hall on election eve night, Monday, November 6, by the Order of Rebekahs. It promises a diversion of amusement for all par ticipants in the way of attractions found at a Country Fair. A lunch that will include hot dogs, rolls and coffee, will be served in the hall. The music for dancing will be rendered by an orchestra, and a general round of pleasure is assured all attending. CATHOLIC CHURCH NOTICE There will be mass at the Catholic Church on next Sunday at 8: SO and 10 o’clock a. iu. The members of the Sunday School are requested to re ceive at the 8:30 Mass. W. F. KENNEDY. I)R. TAYLOR COMING Doctor Taylor, Optometrist of Reno, will be in Eureka Saturday, November 4 th. One day only. Eyes examined. Glasses fitted. If you are having trouble with your eyes or glasses you should take advantage of this opportunity to have them cor rected. —Advt.