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Past Week The News Happenings of Seven Days Paragraphed INTERMOUNTAIN. To discover nil the books In the Scuttle library that might have pro Gcrmun leanings, is the task the library stuff has set before it. The latest discovery is a book of toasts every one of which is a toast to Ger many and a wish for her success. Vittori Hiittis. an Italian newspaper man. under indictment by a federal trand jury for attempting to discourage enlistment in the United States army, was arrested in Pueblo, Colo. Representative Japanese business men of the Pacific coast, from San Francisco, I.os Angeles, Portland and Vancouver. It. in conference with Seattle Japanese, sent a telegram to President Wilson pledging their loyalty and support to the government for the victorious prosecution of the war. Tacoma celebrated July 4 with five ship launchings, a military anil indus trial parade led by the First infantry, V. S. A., auto races at the speedway, evening maneuvers in the stadium by infantry, concluding with fireworks. Grain raised in Oregon, Washington, Idaho and western Montana to the summit of tite Rockies will lie routed to the Atlantic seaboard tills year via the Pacific coast and the Panama canal. Fire at Itlnghnm Canyon, Utah, de stroyed the school house, two apart ment houses and three residences, the loss running into thousands of dollars. Two hundred and fifty soldiers of the spruce division have been fighting a forest fire near Cochran, Washing ton county, Oregon, on the Southern Paeific line to Tillamook. DOMESTIC. The bodies of Miss Tillie Jackson arid a mule escort in an automobile ride I we^tj found in a marsh at Jackson, Mii;h., 'Satlirday afternoon. The worn inf's bead was almost severed. It is rfiWrieCted that a noted convict, named 'Burthen, with a lust for murder, killed 'toie ^>ttir. A' lJerman submarine hovering off thij 'Xffantlc coast was fired upon by a BritIMi sleamer, according to passen gers of the ship which arrived Sun day'at all1 Atlantic port. II frtdetrtHte postponement of the strike gf telegraphers employed by the Western Union Telegraph company, called tA Thegin Monday, was an nounced Sunday night, pending the Ainshldration by congress of the reso-i - tabUm,authorizing the president to take BverKlgyuig t|ie war all wire and radio t,\>\er a hundred people are believed to, have been drowned when the ex cuTfSiou steamer Columbia overturned incite Illinois river, live miles soutli of Peoria, 111. I.ouigis Mctiill, a negro convict, sale to have been Identified as the man who atempted to attaek the wife of a farm er living near Madlll, Okla., and who later Is said to have stubbed the an, Inflicting probably fatal injuries, was lynched Friday. Governor Hurmpiist lias notified Mayor Thomas Van Lear and Chief of Poliee Ilarthill of Minneapolis that unless rioting and disturbances Inci dent to a newsboys' strike are stopped, he would remove them from office. Charles M. Schwab, director gen eral of the emergency fleet corporation, launched a big vessel for every letter In the word “Independence”—from his own yards in the Sun Francisco dis trict July 4, directed the launching of five more from other yards, and then said that lie longed for many such days. With thousands of persons crowding its streets, Laclede, Mo., combined the celebration of America's Declaration of Independence with a day of tribute to General John J. Pershing, who was born there September 13, 1800. A munitions plant costing $15,000, 000 and employing 20,000 persons, will soon be constructed in St. Louis, ac cording to an announcement. The plant will be the only one in the United States to turn out a complete shell. Jack Dempsey knocked out Bob De vore at Joplin, Mo., July 4, in the first round of a scheduled twelve-round light. Devore apparently was not in |ood condition, while Dempsey was hard and lit. Six Japanese employed hy a fruit picking contractor were killed early July 4 when an automobile in which they were riding was struck hy a north bound Southern Pacific train at Pomur, ten miles south of San Jose, Cal. Ship production In the United States in June amounted to 380,400 dead weight tons, making the total 1918 pro duction to date 1,084.670 tons. The lawyers of Martlnshurg, W. Va., are being marshalled for farm work and the move is expected to extend to other cities in the state. It is planned that the lawyers close their offices for g month during the season when the courts are closed and put in the time helping harvest the crops. Reduction of $108,106,830 in the operating income of 123 of the largest railroads during the first five months under government control, compared with the same period a year ago, was announced Tuesday by the Interstate •oniincrco commission. Detectives Investigating the death o# John Klbbin, 35 years old, a waiter employed at u laborers’ camp at Ches terfield, MU„ reported that he was beaten at the camp in a fight which began when Kibbiu thought he was being mocked by another man who stuttered. • Two children of -Mr. and Mrs. John Dewitt, a girl aged ,S and a hoy aged 4, were burned to death at Snowflake, Ariz„ when the Dewitt home was de stroyed by fire. Two other boys, aged 12 and 10, who tried to rescue their ! brother and sister, were seriously burned. The Arkansas constitutional conven tion on July 4 voted to incorporate into the proposed new state constitution a clause giving women all civil and political rights, including suffrage anti serving on juries. WASHINGTON. Moving picture players are classed as "legitimate theatrical performers” in an order announced by Provost Mar shal General Crowder, and draft boards are directed to consider such players, musicians and all skilled per sons employed in creation and presen tation of moving picture productions as engaged in productive employment. Formal warning was issued from the office of tile fuel administration on July 7 that the stock of coal may be Insufficient to meet the domestic necessities during the coming winter. Only the strictest economy will see the country through the cold season with out suffering from lack fuel. Every American soldier who returns from France would be given his choice of a return to the life he led prior to entering the army, or a farm, planned out of the fifteen million acres of land, owned and untouched by the United States government, if plans of Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane, are adopted. The urgent desire of I’resident Wil son to have the resolution providing for the seizure of the telegraph and telephone lines passed before congress takes a recess was communicated >>ednesday to members of the house who were called into conference at the White House. Misunderstanding of the war risk insurance act either on the part of the enlisted man or by his dependents has caused much of tile delay in the mailing of monthly checks for allot ments and allowances, according to the findings of n special committee of in quiry appointed by Secretaries Baker and McAdoo. FOREIGN. General Count von Mirbnch, Ger man ambassador to Russia, has been ussassinated nt Moscow, according to a Berlin report received by the Havas agency. Two unknown persons were involved In the crime. The American Red Cross flood relief camp at Tientsin, with its lltX) fam ilies, aggregating 4380 persons, shel tered there when river Hoods drove them from their homes, is now only a memory, every family having been located in homes provided for them or of their own choice. Exports of foodstuffs to the central powers from Denmark is being curbed by tlie associated Scandinavian gov ernments. Germany will send three army corps to the aid of Austria, according to a Rome dispatch to the Temps. English and Japanese landing parties patrolled the streets of Vladivostok and enforced neutrality in the area where the eonsulated are loctted dur ing the fighting between the Czecho slovaks and the Bolshevlkl, according to a dispatch from Vladivostok. Stockholm advises state that Grand Duke Michael, brother of the former czar, Is inarching on Moscow at the head of a Czecho Cossack army. M. Volodarsky, Bolshevik! commis sioner for the press, has been assas sinated, the Central News learns, while returning from a meeting, the dispatch says. The war will continue until “Ger many is beaten and her power to break treaties at will is shattered,” said Iun MacPlierson, under secretary of state for war, to un audience ol Americans at the Palace theatre in London. The entire population of the Mur man coast (on the Kola penlnsula(bor dering the White sea and the Arctic) 1ms broken with Russia and Joined the entente, according to a dispatch from Vardoe, Norway. Conforming to the action of the director general of the United States railroad administration order ing United States carriers to increase transcontinental westbound commodity rates from the eastern states to coast points, the dominion railway board has authorized a similar increase in Cana dian rates, effective August 1. The American transport Covington, homeward bound after landing several thousand soldiers In France, was tor pedoed and sunk In the war zone. Six members of the crew are missing. The supreme war council held its seventh session at Versailles on July 5. it is permitted to stute that “im portant decisions" were taken. Gen eral Pershing represented the United States at the session. Several Dutch steamers, under an j armed convoy and accompanied by a j collier, sailed July 5 for the Dutch Hast Indies, says a dispatch from The Hague. Hundreds of guns have been seized hi Hallinasloe, Roscommon and King's county, Ireland, and many arrests have been made, according to a press association dispatch. Kdwin Samuel Montague, secretary of the state for Indiu, in a report sub mitted to the government July 5 recommends the adoption of home rule in India. PRESIDENT WILSON INSPECTS NEW MOTOR Equipped with the new Liberty motor, an army truck recently arrived at Washington. The photograph shows President Wilson taking a keen Interest In an explanation of the motor’s mechanism. MILITARY AIDED DY AUTOMODILES Real Significance of Motorcar in Transportation Problems of Present Day. SOLDIERS MUST BE CARRIED Food and Other Necessities Must Be Transported to Them Without De lay—Conservation of Gasoline Is Important. H. H. Franklin, president of a large automobile concern, in a recent ad dress before a large number of auto mobile dealers and owners, pointed out the real signficance of the motor car In the transportation problems of to day. “America Is at war now In the full est sense,” stated Mr. Franklin, “and under such conditions come natural transportation difficulties Incident to efficient military operations. Not only must millions of troops be transported from place to place, but food and other necessities must ulso be carried to them without delay. War Needs Are Primary. “Military needs, absolutely and prop erly, must have preference, and with the railroads taxed to their limits man ufacturers must find some other means of forming a regular and satisfactory contact between themselves and their public. “This problem Is already finding an swer In the use of automobiles and motor trucks. Not only are regularly scheduled automobile express lines be ing opened up between different cities throughout the East, but manufactur ers are finding It advisable to furnish their salesmen with automobiles In or der that they may not be dependent upon unsatisfactory train service. “The results In all cases where motor vehicles are being tried seem highly satisfactory, and it Is quite likely that even after the war Is over and condi tions have again become normal, thnt a greater appreciation will be had of tne desirability of automobile transporta tion. Drive-Away Satisfactory. ‘‘For example, the war has hrougnt about with our firm the necessity for insisting that dealers In adjacent ter ritory, or even territory within several hundred miles, come to the factory and j drive what cars they order home them selves instead of having them shipped. This hus proved very satisfactory, and, as even under normal conditions, sev eral days could be saved. It Is quite lllrely to be continued right along. “Another important outcome of the wnr Is the greater consideration auto mobile owners are giving to the gaso line their cars consume for each mile they are run. In the past little thought has been given to this question, but now, with our double need for gaso line, the issue must be faced. "War requirements alone are over 1,1100,000 gallons of gasoline per day, ant, ns the total dully production In the United States Is but 0,849,000 gal lons, the greatest conservation Is neces sary In order that a shortage inuy not occur.” DON'T ABUSE THE SPOTLIGHT — Its Frea Use Is Sure to Be Legislated Against Unless Drivers Restrain Themselves. Don’t abuse the privileges a spot light gives yon. This light Is won derfully helpful when properly used, but damnable when misused. Its free use Is sure to be legislated agulnst se verely unless drivers curb some pres ent propensities. Always carry the spotlight higher than the other lights. Never flnsh It on & vehicle which Is ap proaching—It’s blinding. Use It to light, up the road surface and to define ditches, tut never on another cur. PLEASE REMEMBER To say and to write: Passenger car or motorcar— not “pleasure car.” Runabout or roadster—not “speedster” or “sport car." And this Is the reason: Eighty to 90 per cent of the use of motorcars Is for utilita rian ends. The United States farm loan board has listed the automobile ns a necessary farm equipment, for the purchase of which the farmer may borrow money un der the hoard’s plan for aiding agriculture. The motorcar is just ns necessary equipment for the business man. The United States fuel admin istration In Its ruling that ga rages and service stations might use light and heat on the so called fuelless days definitely recognized the motorcar as a public utility. TURNING CORNERS AT NIGHT Invention of New Yorker Does Away With Necessity of Wigwagging Arm Outside Car. The autoist who In the daytime wig wags one arm outside his car to indi cate that he Is going to stop or turn will at night be relieved of that duty when the Invention of a New Yorker becomes a permanent attachment of Lights for Turning Corners. motor cars. This Is a combined tall light and electric semaphore with two lighted, arrow-shaped hands. According to Electrical Exi>erlment er, two buttons are attached to the steering wheel—one to Indicate a turn to the right and >ne to the left. When both buttons are pushed the signal Is set at stop, after the fashion of a railroad signal. AUTO HELPS TRADE BALANCE Motor Vehicles Require Little Cargo Space in Sh pplng In Proportion to Their Value. Importance of maintaining trade re* lntions In motor vehicles with foreign dealers was considered at a recent meeting of the export committee of the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce. Motor vehicles require lit- j tie cargo space In proportion to their value and serve to maintain the trade bnlance and the par value of the gold dollar In such countries as Chile, whose nitrates are required for am munition, and Argentina, whose beef and wheat are in great demand by America and her allies. PREVENT PLAYING WITH HORN Switch May Be Placed In Circuit and Current Turned Off When Car la Not Running. To prevent children from playing with the horn and thus exhausting the battery, a switch may be placed in service with the horn circuit and the current turned ofT when the car Is stopped. By Installing the system so that the horn switch operates In con nection with the Ignition switch, the later when thrown to “off” position would automatically open the horn cir cuit. Thus the horn could only be used when the engine was running, I NO PENCE UNTIL HUN IS CRUSHED, SMSKIDENT Speaks Washington's Tomb on Independence Day. SETTLEMENT MUST BE FINAL Says “Blinded Rulers of Prussia Have Roused Forces They Knew Little Of—Forces Which Once Roused Can Never Be Crushed to Earth.” Mount Vernon, Va., July 4.—Presi dent Wilson in his Independence day address at George Washington’s tomb here said that the father of his coun try and his associates spoke and act ed, not for u class, but for a people and that It has been left for us to see to It that It shall be understood that they spoke and acted, not for a single people only but for all mankind and were planning that men of every class should be free and America a place to which men out of every nutiou might resort who wished to share with them the rights and privileges of free men. The president then referred to the present world struggle and said that the peoples of the world tind themselves confronted by a selfish group of na tions who speak no common purpose but only selfish ambitions of their own and by which none can profit but themselves and whose people are fuel in their hands. lie declared that these governments are clothed with strange trappings and the primitive authority of an age that Is altogether alien and hostile to our own. He said the past and the present are in deadly grapple und tlie peoples of the world are be ing done to death between them. The rulers of the central powers even fear their own people, said the president. He declared that there can be but one issue in tills war and the settlement must be final; that there can be no compromise and no halfway decision is conceivable. The president urged the establishing of an organization of peace which will make it certain that the combined pow er of free nations will check every In vasion of right and serve to make peace and justice the more secure by affording a definite tribunal of opinion to which all must submit. The president in closing his address said: “The blinded rulers of Prussia have roused forces which aroused can never be crushed to earth again—for they have at their heart an inspiration and a purpose which are deathless and of the very stuff of triumph." Text of Address. The text of thp president's speech follows: “Gentlemen of the Diplomatic Corps and My Fellow Citizens: I am happy to draw apart with you to this quiet place of old counsel In order to speak a little of the meaning of this day of our nation's Independence. The place seems very still and remote. It Is as serene and untouched by the hurry of the world as It was In those great days long ago when General Washington was here and held leisurely conference ! with the men who were to he associ ated with him in the creation of a mi i lion. From the gentle slopes they I looked out upon the world and saw It whole, saw it with the light of the fu ture upon it, saw It with modern eyes that turned away from a past which men of liberated spirits could no longer endure, it is for that reason that we cannot feel, even here, In the Immedi ate presence of this sacred tomb, that this Is a place of death. It was a place of achievement. A great prom 1st j that was meant for all mankind was here given plan and reality. The as sociations by which we are here sur rounded are the inspiring associations of that noble death which is only a glorious consummation. From this green hillside we also ought to he able to see with comprehending eyes the world that lies about us and should conceive anew the purposes that must set men free. Planned Universal Freedom. "It is significant—significant of their j own character und purpose and of the influences they were setting afoot | that Washington and Ills associates, j like the barons at Runnyntede, spoke and acted, not for a class, but for a j people. It has been left for us to see to it that it shall be understood that i they spoke and acted, not for a single people only, hut for all mankind. They were thinking, not of themselves and of the material interests which oen tered In the little groups of landhold ers and merchants and men of affairs with whom they were accustomed to act, In Virginia and the colonies to the north and south of her, but of a people which wished to be done with classes and special Interests nnd the author lty of men whom they had not them selves chbsen to rule over them. They entertained no prlvute purpose, de j sired no peculiar privilege. "They were consciously planning i that men of every class should be free ! and America a plnce to which men out of every nation might resort #ho wished to share with them the rights and privileges of free men. And we take our cue from them—do we not? We Intend what they Intended. We here In America believe our purtlclpa tlon In this present war to be only the j fruitage of what they planted. Our .•ase differs from theirs only in this, that It la our Inestimable privilege to concert with men out of every nation what shall make not only the liberties of America secure but the liberties of every other people as well. We are happy .In the thought that we are per mitted to do what they would have done had they been in our place. There must now be settled once for all what was settled for America in the great age upon whose Inspiration we draw today. This is surely a fitting place from which calmly to look out upon our task, that we may fortify our spirits for its accomplishment. And this is the appropriate place from which to avow, alike to the friends who look on and to the friends with whom we have the happiness to tie as sociated in action, the faith and pur pose with which we act. Hun Rulers Fear Own People. •‘This, then, is our conception of the great struggle In which we are en gaged. The plot is written plain upon every scene and every act of the su preme tragedy, tin the one hand stand the peoples of the world- not only the peoples actually engaged, hut many others also who suffer under mastery but cannot act; peoples of many races and in every part of the world—the people of stricken Russia still, among the rest, though they are for the mo ment unorganized and helpless. Op posed to them, masters of many arm ies, stand an Isolated, friendless group of governments who speak no common purpose hut only selfish ambitions of their own by which none can profit but themselves, and whose peoples nre fuel in their hands; governments which fear their people and yet are for the time their sovereign lords, mak ing every choice for them and dispos ing of their lives and fortunes us they will, as well as of the lives and for tunes of every people who fall under their power — governments clothed with the strange trappings and the primitive authority of an age that Is altogether alien and hostile to our own. The past and the present are in deadly grapple and the peoples of the world are being done to death between them. Settlement Must Be Final. “There can tie but one issue. The settlement must lie final. There can be no compromise. No halfway de cision would be tolerable. No half way decision Is conceivable. These are the ends for which the associated peoples of the world are fighting and which must be conceded them before there can be pence: 1. The destruction of every arbitrary power anywhere that can separately, secretly ami of Its single choice disturb the peace of the world: or, If It cannot be presently de stroyed. at the least Its reduction to virtual Impotence. “2. The settlement of every question, whether of territory, of sovereignty, of economic arrangement, or of |iolitirnl relationship, upon the basis of the fits* acceptance of that settlement by the people Immediately concerned, and not upon the basis of the material Interest or advantage of any other nation or people which may desire a different settlement for the sake of Its own ex terior influence or mastery. “3. The consent of all notions to he governed In their conduct towards each other by the same principles of honor and of respect for the common law of civilized society that govern the Individual citizens of all modern states in their relations with one an other; to the end that all promlsi « and covenants may be sacredlyohserved.no private plots or conspiracies hatched, no selfish Injuries wrought with Impun ity, and n mutual trust established upon the handsome foundation of s mutual respect for right. "4. The establishment of on organi zation of peace which shall make It certain that the combined power of free nations will check every Invasion of right and serve to make peace and Justice the more secure by affording a definite tribunal of opinion to which all must submit and by which every International readjustment that cannot lie amicably agreed upon by the peo ples directly concerned shall be sanc tioned. U. S. Can Never Be Crushed. “These great object* can he pm l.tto « single sentence. What wc seek Is tlu> rclttn of law, based upon t)u> n,\ split of tho governed nnil sustained t y tin* organized opinion of mankind. “These great ends cannot lx achieved by debating und seeking to reconcile and accommodate what statesmen may wish, with their proj ects for balances of power and of na tional opportunity. They can be reached only by the determination «f what the thinking people of the world desire with their longing hope for justice and for social freedom and op portunity. "1 can fancy that the air of this place carries the accents of such prin ciples with a prouder kindness. Here where started forces which the great nation attains! which they were pri marily directed at first regarded as a revelt against Its authority but which has long since seen to have been a step in the liberation of Its own peo ple as well as of the peop’e of the United States—and I stand here now to speak, speak proudly and with con tident hope—of the spread of this re volt, this liberation to the great state of the world Itself. The blinded rul ers of Prussia have aroused forces they knew little of—forces which, once aroused,can never be crushed to earth again for fhey have at their heart an Inspiration and a purpose which are deathless nnd of the very stuff of tri umph." Rush Work on Locomotives. Washington, July 3.—The first of the 1,415 locomotives ordered by tho railroad administration In May has been completed.