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UNITED STATES MARINES HAVE LANDED
AND HAVE THE SITUATION WELL IN HAND SUPPLY TRUCK PULLING A LIGHT FIELD PIECE. “The marines have landed and have the situation well In hand.” How many times thnt message has been sent to Washington from the commander of marines on duty. Fighters on land and seas, always looking for a scrap and always ready, never asking why and knowing only that they are marines and marines are fighters, this body of men have won the admiration of the entire world. You may ask why the marines are superperfect. They have got to be. Their duty requires that they be proficient In every branch of fighting known to modern warfare. They are Infantrymen, artillerymen, ivlators, and mechanics, engineers, signallers and other parts of the military machine. But then they are part of the great naval machine our country has built up. On the seas they are everything necessary as sea fighters. Their training has fitted them for the strenuous life they live. Ready on a moment’s notice and the first to fight when there is fighting to be done, the United States marines are accredited the most perfect fighting corps In the entire world. ASK AUTHORITIES AID DRIVE-AWAYS National Automobile Chamber of Commerce Makes Appeal to Various Governors. OVERLAND DELIVERY OF GARS Manufacturers and Dealers Relieve Congestion by Delivering Ma chines Under Their Own Power —Federal Law Urged. Governors of the different states, who are In all cases at the head of the various state councils of defense, will he asked by the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce to request local authorities not to Interfere with the overland delivery of new automobiles and motor trucks from the factories to dealers. The manufacturers and dealers are relieving railroad freight congestion by delivering new cars under their own power Instead of shipping them by rail. Thirty-three per cent of the production of eight of the larger automobile man ufacturers was delivered over the high ways during the first three months this year. The number of machines driven nway was 88,000, which relieved the railroads to the extent of about 10,000 freight cars. With a probable production of 1,000,000 motor vehicles this year, the total saving In railroad ears by this method will amount to about 80.000 curs. uemana state License. Considerable trouble has been caused by local officials, who Insist every car In the drive-sway “strings” shall carry a state license plate, and sometimes that each driver shall have a state op erator's license. Owing to lack of uniformity In the state motor vehicle laws, full compliance with require ments In one state Is not held to be sufficient In some other states, and much delay, annoyance and additional expense have resulted needlessly. The N. A. C. C. hns token this matter up with the director general of rail roads, with the secretary of war os chairman of the council of nutlonnl de fense, und with the secretary of com merce os a member of the council. It Is also preparing a definite plan to of fer to the governors whereby motor vehicles In trnnslt may be allowed to proceed to destination without Interfer ence over the question of license. Purpose of License Plate. When the motor vehicle laws were en acted, no such shipping situation as now exists was foreseen and no provi sion was made for the delivery of mo tor-cars by highway. The purpose of license plutes Is to Identify the cnr and Its ownership In case of uccldent or Infraction of operating regulations, and where a string of drlve-awny cars remnlns together and the cnrs carry Improvised duplicates of the manufac turer's or dealer’s license plate, such Identification In sufficiently establish ed for the purpose. Many manufacturers and dealers are urging fhe enactment by congress of a federal license law which will sweep away the lnck of uniformity In the state laws that are now Interfering with this form of interstate commerce. DIAGRAM OF WIRING SYSTEM Without Chart New Car Owner May Find Himself in Difficulty With Electric Apparatus. It may not be out of order to sug gest to the new car owner that one of the “tools” that should always be car ried In the car Is the chart of the wiring system. Without this he may find himself in difficulties with the electric system thnt will be almost Impossible to locate. OLD TIRES QUITE VALUABLE Possible to Get Ten Blow-Out Patches From Wornout Casing—How They. Are Made. The average owner hns formed the habit of disposing of old tires for a few cents and Is not awnre of the fact that the casing can be utilized for making blow-out patches for the inside of casing. These home-made patches serve even better thnn the cheap ones sold at supply stores. The patch Is mode simply by ripping off the tread and one or two layers of fabric. The thickness of the patch should be equal to about two or three layers of fabric, and of course cut to the right length. It Is possible to get ten blow-out patches front a worn-out casing which probably would bring a : dollar or so from the Junkman. LIGHT WHERE IT IS WANTED Dirigible Device So Constructed That Rays Can Be Thrown Downward or to Either Side. A “dirigible” headlight, constructed so that the rays can be thrown down ward or to either side of the road, Is offered by a New York manufacturer. A variety of uses Is suggested. Includ ing those of keeping glare out of the eyes of an approaching driver and Dirigible Headlight. lighting the side of the road, close by, when driving through fog. Any head light. It is claimed, can he attached to the appliance, permitting the lights to i be thrown from 800 feet ahend to 12 feet In front of the ear. A simple con trol Is placed at the driver’s hand, the control rod being carried either through the dash or to the side of the windshield. WILL WATCH AFTER THIEVES Government Takes Up Matter of Stealing Automobile Parapher nalia While In Transit. Director of Itallronds McAdoo has notified the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce thnt lnstend of petty larceny the offense of stealing lumps, speedometers, tires and other paruphernulla from motorcars In tran sit on railroad cars has been made a federal matter and an olfense which Is punishable by a maximum penalty <jf ten years’ Imprisonment. Through out the country It had come to he a popular sport, this stenting from cars In transit, and state authorities did not give punishment fitting the crime. LAWS ON STORING GASOLINE Before Installing Underground 8ystem Car Owner Should Make Careful Study of Matter. Ilefore making nrrnngcments for In stalling an underground gasoline stor age system, the car owner should look well to his local and state laws. In many places It Is necessary to vent the tank so that the vent pipe comes within a given distance of the roof of the -building. Some laws make It nec essary to have the tank located u given distance from the house, and If this Is not complied with certain rules regarding venting must be met. Ex amine all phases of the matter care fully beforehand. Slipping of Gears. The* slipping of transmission gears out of mesh Is something that nearly every owner has to experience sooner or later. 1—View of Solssons, at the northern end of the allied offensive In the Aisne-Marne region. 2—Depth bombs on the Harvard, formerly a yacht, now an American patrol boat In European waters. 3—Victor Vandermerck, an American soldier who killed a German with the butt of his rlffe In battle In France. NEWS REVIEW OF THE GREAT WAR General Foch Is Squeezing the Crown Prince’s Army Out of Soissons-Reims Salient. NUNS IN PERILOUS POSITION American Troopa Are Highly Praised for Their Fine Work—British in Flanders Take Meteren—Silly Exploit of U-Boat Off Cape Cod. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. "We’ve got ’em on the run" was the Joyful cry of America as the news came In of the victorious progress of the allied troops In the Soissons-Reims salient. In a measure this was true, for the Germans Were being gradually squeezed ou^ of the salient, and there was every reason for elation over the splendid fighting of the allies. But to hall the success as a great decisive victory was premature and foolish. Such running as the Huns did was done only at the start of Foeh’s offen sive, when they were taken by sur prise. Their commanders quickly re gained some measure of control, nnd thereafter the enforced retreat was conducted skilfully nnd slowly, every bit of ground being bitterly contested In order that as many guns and as much supplies ns possible might be saved. Renllzlng that his entire army south of the Alsne was in grave dan ger, the crown prince sent In more and more of his reserves until 40 divisions were engaged, and desperate efforts were made to stabilize their lines of defense. However, nothing was al lowed to stop the steady forwnrd movement of the .allies on three fronts of the salient, and the path of re treat was narrowed day by day. All of the territory yet held by the enemy was brought under the fire of the heavy guns, nnd the airmen In great numbers flew over the region day and night, working havoc with tlielr bombs nnd machine guns. At the beginning of the week there were highly successful operations on the west front of the salient. In both of which the Americans played an Im portant part. At the tip of the Ger mnn advance Chateau Thierry was taken by storm and a large section north and east of It was cleared of Huns. Here thousands of Germans were killed, other thousands captured, and grent numbers of cannon and quantities of supplies were tnken. From this point northward to Sols sons the Frnnco-Ainerlcans swept east ward until Neullly St. Front was tnk en. Oulchy threatened, Soissons Itself brought under gunfire and the very Im portant railroad from there to Chateau Thierry crossed at so many places that It could no longer be used by the en emy. This drive, to be wholly suc cessful, had to be carried to Fere-en Tardenols, through which rnn the only remaining railway which the Huns could rely upon to get their war sup plies out of the way of Foclf’s\ pincers, and before the week closed the French and Yankees were moving steadily to ward that town from the west and south. It must not be supposed that their progress was easy The Ger mans counter-attacked repeatedly and fought brnve and stubborn rear-guanl battles. The vlllnge of Epleds. for In stance, after being taken at the point of the bayonet by the Americans, was recaptured by the Huns, and again won by the Yankees, who then ad vanced their lines far beyond It. Some of the fiercest fighting toon place nlong the Marne east of Chatean Thierry. At first the Germans retreat ed across the river so hastily that the movement amounted nlmost to a rout. From the heights of Jaulgonne, Barzy and Passy. the American guns poured a deadly hall upon the fleeing foe, many of whom, throwing away their itflea, sought to swim the river, and Were drqwned. —I»— When Foeb wns secretly preparing lor his great strategic attack he called a strong force of English and Scots troops down from the north, and they quietly slipped around south of the Marne toward Reims. At the ap pointed time these seasoned fighters hit the German lines southwest of the cathedral city a mighty blow. In the succeeding days, acting as the east arm of the pincers, they pushed for ward Into the salient from the Moun tain of Reims toward Vllle-en-Tarde nols and Flsmes. Their progress was slower than that of the Franco-Amerl cans on the west, for the country in which they were fighting was much more difficult. East of Reims the French and Italian held their own and even made some advance, though the plan did not call for a drive by them. —1»— When Foch's offensive was a week old It appeared probable that Luden dorff would attempt to mnke nt least a temporary stand on the half-circle running from Solssons through the outskirts of Oulchy, below Fere-en Tardenols and across toward the Mountain of Reims. Competent ob servers believed his troops were too disorganized to hold this line for long, and that he would be forced to fall back to the Vesle river, which runs al most due west from Reims, joining the Alsne near Solssons. The main efforts of General von Boehm, the Immediate commander of the Germans In the salient, were di rected to keeping open the roads of retreat. He was given the assistance not only of most of the crown prince’s reserves, but also of nine divisions from the army of Crown Prince Ru preeht of Bavaria. Already he was having great difficulty In feeding the men he had there, and the additions did little but stiffen his resistance and add to his commissary troubles. At the time of wfitlng, the full scope of General Foch’s plans Is not re vealed. He has the Initiative, and may elect to continue the offensive with all nts strength In the effort n> drive the Huns beyond the Alsne and ns much farther ns they can be forced; or he may find It prudent to hold them at the Vesle and await the arrival of more Americans. It Is a noteworthy fact that 70 per cent of the allied troops engaged In the present Imttle nre French. A considerable portion of the remainder are British and Ital ians. If so much cnn be done with so comparatively small n force of Ameri cans taking part, ask observers, what will happen to the Huns when a mil lion Americans nre in the fighting line nnd another million at least waiting their turn for action? And this state of affairs will be reached by October, i it Is predicted. —fc — Paris nnd London nre loud In their | praise of the quality nnd behavior of the Americans In the Alsne-Mnrne bat tle, nnd the newspapers there relate many Instances of their bravery, cool ness nnd determination. They nre ad mittedly ns fine troops ns ever were seen, nnd even the least experienced of them have no Idea of anything but winning every fight they go Into. Their marksmanship, both with the rifle and with larger weapons. Is re markable ; their doggedness Is tem pered with an unquenchable humor, nnd their stamina Is such that at times bodies of them fought for many hours without food or drink, declining to halt their advance to let the commis sary catch up with them. These j splendid troops, with their gallant and competent officers, have done thbir full part In stopping the German offensive and converting It into an allied offen sive, nnd If they nre now called on to stop and await the arrival of more of their countrymen, America should rest satisfied, patient nnd proud. The American casualty lists will be longer and longer each day for a time, but the bereaved ones may well take ex ample by the proud, unweeplng grief with which Colonel Roosevelt received 'the news of the death of his gallant son, Quentin. In Flanders the British carried out an Important operation that resulted In the capture of Meteren. They have been devoting themselves to preparing for the new offensive which, according to the logic of the situation, Luden dorff must undertake and which, ac cording to military experts, probably will he directed against some part of the line held by the British. Such an offensive would be largely to Influence public opinion in Germany and direct attention away from the crown prince's disastrous attempt on the Marne. General Foch has not had to call Into action the bulk of his reserves. In the midst of the biggest battle he found time to order a swift and fierce attack by the French along the Avre^ In the Montdldier sector. The posi tions aimed at were feebly held by tired troops that did not expect an attack, and the objectives were gained within a few hours, large numbers of prisoners being tnken. —1»— Rome received the Information from some source that the Austrians were preparing a triple offensive against Italy. This, according to the story, Is to consist of a great land attack on the Piave river line, a naval attack on Italy’s Adriatic coast and an extensive counter-attack In Albania. The Ital ian commanders have no doubt of their ability to repulse any or all of these attacks. In Albania their forces, with the French, have kept moving for ward and are now In very strong po sitions. The threat of a serious naval operation by Austria seems most fool ish of an. —1*— President Wilson completed his pro nouncement of plans for the participa tion of the United Stntes In the Rus sian expedition and was awaiting only* the reply of Japan to the American proposals. It had been thought Japan had agreed to these, but dispatches from Tokyo told of an exciting contro versy over them, two Influential groups strongly opposing Intervention. Mos cow advices said general mobilization of the Russian army—meaning the bolshevlki—had begun, hut this did not worry the allied statesmen. The plans of the British, Americans and French for the protection of the Mur man region against the Germans and Finns are believed to be all settled. The people will be fed and their In ternal affairs will not be Interfered with by the expedition that will be sent. General Horvath, provisional ruler of Siberia,. Is co-operating with the Ozecho-Slovnks, and matters look more promising In that country. Conditions in the Ukraine grow more unsettled dally, and now the Germans and Austrians ore cnlled on to fact a great uprising In Roumania, where the people are disgusted with the peace with the central powers and with the treatment they are receiving. Proba bly half a million Teutonic troops are tied up In these two countries, which helps some. v —fc — The Atlantic seaboard was amazed rather thnn alarmed by the sudden ap pearance of a large German submarine close to Cape Cod. The vessel at tacked a tug and sank the three stone laden barges it was towing, using up two torpedoes and a lot of ammunition In this footless operation. Other U boats bagged bigger game when they sank the British transport Justlcla, 32.234 gross tons, off the Irish coast. The transport, which was westward hound nfter carrying 10.000 American soldiers to Europe, was attacked by a fleet of six or eight submarines and fought them for ten hours. Of her crew of some 000 only ten were killed. — *— So foolish ns scarcely to merit men tion Is the latest list of German pence terms, which it Is said will he offered through Spain. They disown nn.v de sire for annexations or indemnities on the west front, hut would leave Bel gium, the Balkans and the self-deter mination of peoples for the peace con ference to settle; the peace treaties with Rouinantn and Russia not to be questioned, and all Germany’s colonies to he restored. Also the seas are to be free nnd Gibraltar and the Suez canal defenses dismantled. —1» — The British government Is having trouble with the pacifists, who hnve permeated all the war materlul fac tories, and last week caused strikes of thousands of munition workers. The cabinet decided, It was reported, that If the strike continued the strikers of military age wAild be drafted Immedi ately Into the army. —* — Finally authentic word of the deatu of- the former czar came out of Rus sia. He was ordered nhot by a local bolshevik official because of counter revolutionary plots, and his son Is said to have died of exposure a few day* later. Our Experts Know everything there is to know about watches. They c n make a poor watch go and a good one keep accurate time. We sell dependable time-pieces at modest prices. BOYD PARK POUNDCD ifl<>2 MAKERS OF JEWELRY 160 MAIN STREET SALT LAKE CITY BARGAINS IN USED CARS 50 splendid used cars-Buicks. Oldsmobilet. Na tionala-$250 to $800. Guaranteed first class running condition-easy terms if wanted by right parties. Write for detailed list and descrip tion, Used Car Dept.. I Rand all-Dodd Auto Co^ Salt Lake City |_______I FAMOUS “FIELD OF BLOOD” •aid to Ba Spot Judaa - Purchased With the 8ilvar for Which Ho •old Hla Master. Just outside the walls of Jerusalem, In the Valley of Hinnom, Is a rocky plain known as the Aceldama o*j Field of Blood. It la the potter’s field, purchased with the SO pieces of silver! for which Judas sold his master. Herat for centuries visitors to the holy city, dying while on their pilgrimage foundl a resting place. Gray and barren, It Is a desolatet spot, solitary but for the chance vis itor and a few withered gray-clad monks from a nearby monastery. For a small fee, one of these ancient re cluses will show you the sights of the piece. Caves and underground pas-; sages, honeycombed with tombs, arei cut in the rocky field. Your guide leads you down age-worn steps, cutj perhaps In the sixth century, into crumbling halls. Ills torch casts flick ering uncanny shadows on the damp gray walls. The place seems to re sent your Intrusion; It Is the “place of sleep,” the hall of the dead. On one side Is the tomb of some warrior monk who followed the fortunes of Richard Lion Heart of England to the holy land, dying at the very gates of the city his master had hoped to con quer. He must have died penniless, too, as so many of these zealots did, else his bones had not rested in the potter’s field. .Near Aceldama is a ruined cnarnes house, said to have been built by the Crusaders for their dead. It Is a tum bling ruin, nearly thirty feet long by) twenty wide, with one side of naked rock. Beneath It are two of the larg est caverns, their rock sides pierced with tombs and shallow graves. In the roof of the ruin are holes through which the bodies of the dead were lowered. The Field of Blood Is on the north eastern slope of the Hill of Evil Coun cil, where tradition says the villa of Calaphas stood, and where the chief Cst and elders plotted the execos of Jesus._ SAVE MONEY FOR FARMERS Direct Testimony Showing That thg Woodpecker Should Be Protected by All Agriculturist* We are assured on high authority that If birds were as numerous today as they were 60 years ago It would mean a saving of many million dollars to American farmers. The slaugbtei of migratory birds Is surely followed by the Increase of destructive insects, Among the farmer's bird friends art the woodpeckers, especially the red* headed members of the species. In proof there Is cited the following Instance: A pair of them nested In a dead cottonwood tree near an orchard. One day the observer watched them through a pair of glasses. The youn|| birds were about half grown. Tha parents made 96 trips In one hour, each time with a worm. It Is safe to say that they saved 96 apples In that hour—a box worth, say 51. If tha birds worked ten hours a day, they were worth $10 to the owner of that orchard, dr, In the three weeks the birds were In the nest $210. It Is plain, then, that no furmer can afford to kill a woodpecker. Testing Pleurisy With Coins. A novel method of diagnosing pleu risy Is described by P. Lereboullet In the Paris Medical Journal. The ex aminer applies his ear to the patient’s chest, closing his other ear, while coins) are clinked at the patient’s back. The' sound of the coins coming through a healthy, normally aerated lung seemsi distant and dull, while through an af-i fscted lung, through solid or homo-! geneous tissue a clear, silvery metal-< 11c ring Is heard. 8panlsh'8ulphur Deposits. In the province of Murcia, Spain, there are a number of sulphur depos its. One of the most Important of them Is that of La Surata de Lorca, near the town of Lorca, the bed of which extends over a length of ten kilometers and a width of one to two kilometers. - ■ Slow Progress. “Takes ray wife a long time to get ready for breakfast." “How’s that?” “She’s a great reader and has to peruse every curl paper as she takes It off."—Louisville Courier-Journal. Then She Froxe Up. Housewife—I’ve nothing hot fbl you: but I can give you a little some* thing cold. I Tramp—All right, mum; make It t| j little cold cash. If yer will.—Boston • Evening Transcript.