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Past Week The New* Happening* of Seven Days Paragraphed B -B INTERMO'JNTAIN. Two crosses of St. George and pa pers found In the effects of a ship yard laborer, who died from influenza in a hospital at Seattle, identified him, police said, ns Lieut. Kirill B. Lagldlze, former commander of the Kussluu sub marine Kuguar. Complete military victory over the Germans was the keynote of the Lib erty day program at Camp Lewis, Oc tober 12. In three big athletic fields more than 40,000 soldiers and civilian visitors listened to speakers attack the German militaristic system and laud the forward moves of the allies. Though reports received by the state hoard of health indicate a spread of Spanish influenza throughout the state of Utah, no occasion for hysteria exists, according to statements made by Itr. T. It. Beatty, state health com missioner. Twelve hundred cases have now been rc|>orted in Utah. The meanest person in Utah and who should be with the Huns is the thief who burglarized the Ited Cross storehouse In Silver City and stole a lot of clothing which laid been collect ed for the Belgians. There Is no clue to itie unpatriotic thief. A quarantine against the city of Se nt! le for soldiers In Camp Lewis, was ordered Thursday. The order was Is sued at the request of Seattle city authorities to prevent soldiers con tracting influenza, which is prevalent in Seattle, according to military authorities. A saving of $800,000 lias been ef fected to apple growers in Oregon, Washington and Idaho tills year, ac cording to K. J. Miller, chairman of the Oregon Public service commission, who telegraphed from Washington that the railroad administration has granted a reduction from $1.25 to $1.10 jmt loo pounds In the transcontinental freight rate for apples. A fight between a negro ar.d a white man in Ilrooklyn precipitated a riot, in which two negroes received mortal Injuries, eighteen policemen were stabbed or cut, many civilians suf fered minor hurts, and several sol diers and sailors who tried to restore order were injured. More than 300 of Cleveland's 600 firemen have presented blanket resig nations to Fire Chief George A. Wal lace. to take effect October IS. The men demand that the city enforce the eight-hour charter amendment, back pay and an Increase in wages. Mrs. Woodrow Wilson selected “Allies” and “Consort” as the names for two ships to he launched at the yards of the Submarine Koat corpora tion In Newark on October 14, in the presence of diplomatic representative! of tile twenty-three allied nations. WASHINGTON. Germany’s reply to President Wil son's inquiry. Intercepted as it was being sent by the great wireless tow ers at Nuuen and forwarded to Wash ington, Saturday night in i)n official dispatch from France, declares Ger many is ready to accept President Wilson's peace terms, evacuate the Invaded territory as a prerequisite to an armistice, and that the bid for peace represents the German people as well as the government. The war risk insurance bureau has asked congress for $134,000,000 addi tional to pay family allotments and allowances of soldiers during the pres ent fiscal years. Previous appropria tions have aggregated $141,000,000. Acceptance in any degree of the German reply to President Wilson's note means the loss of the war for the sillies, Senator Isidge of Massa chusetts, minority leader and ranking Republican of the foreign relations committee of the senate declared Sunday. Reports that millions of persons in the United States are drug addicts and that many men called in the draft develop the drug habit to avoid military service, were denied Satur day by the military intelligence brunch of the war department. With more than 1,900,000 American troops embarked for the front and an army of 3,000.000 men in preparation to make victory certain. General March, chief of stuff, at his weekly conference Friday, sounded an urgent rill for popular support for the fourth liberty loan In order that the Ameri Ui armies may have full support. TiioOPS CONVOYED TO FRONT LINES BY MOTOR ALLIED NATIONS Events Leading Up to Break Be tween Huns and the Powers of Europe. King George Sent Appeals for Peace, but Kaiser Decided That Sword Had Been Forced Into His Hand, and Hostilities Began. On June 28. 1914, Archduke Frank Ferdinand, heir apparent to Austria Hungary, was assassinated, with his consort, the Duchess of Hohenberg, by Bosnian conspirators at Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, where Pan-Slavic feeling ran high. On July 23 the Austro-Hungarian minister ut Belgrade presented to the Serbian government a drastic ulti matum, demanding punishment of the alleged Serbian instigators of the trag edy and imposing, along with many other humiliating demands, the con dition that Serbia “accept the collab oration of Austrian officials In the sup pressipn of the Pan-Serbian move ment,” and giving her weaker neigh bor forty-eight hours in which to com ply. Good Jewelry When you b,.v jewelry, it should be good in quality as well as style. Cheap, unworthy articles are an extravagance. Honest values are a good investment. Everything we show is dependable. Prices reason able. BOYD PARK rotiNMD MAKERS OF JEWELRY mo MAIN STREET SALT LAKE CITT BARGAINS IN USED CARS rplend d used ear*~Bulck«. OMsmobile*. Na lional*- $2S0 to SHOO. Guaranteed first clan runninc condltlon--ea*y term* if wanted bf t'fht parties. Write for detailed li*t and descrip tion. l’*ed Car Dept., Randall-Dodd Auto Co^ Sait Lite Cltr EXPERT KODAK Finishing Have our professional photographers do your finishing -C Uipi CDC 144 South Mala Box 791. unirixita Sal* Lake City Films Cameras Supplies HELP WANTED It rmi want big wage* lean* ntfcr •»*»"*« barber trade Many small towns need barbers: good opportunities open for men over draft age. Barbers In army bar* good as oltleers commission Oet prepared In lew weeks. Call or write. Moler Berber College, 4.T S. West Temple 8t.. Salt Lake City. T MANDALAY BEST IN WINTER Burmese Capital Known to All Whitaa in India aa an Ideal Cold Weather Resort, British reserve troops being hurriedly convoyed to the front lines by motor lorries. A detachment of the medical corps Is on foot. SELECT BACK ROADS FOR MOST PLEASURE Advice to Motorists Who Prefer Not to Eat Dust All Day. Average Motorist Is Learning That There Are Two Kinds of Highways —One Is Main Road Utilized Mostly by Speeders. There are at least two distinctive classes of motor-car drivers. One in cludes those who desire to Ret from a Riven point to another Riven point in the shortest possible time. The other enjoys motoring because the automo bile gives one a chance to see the beauties of nature, to seek out quiet and primitive spots, and to view the country at its best. There is a sharp line between the two. Most of the casualty lists nre made up of mem bers of the first. Accidents to the driv er who is In no particular hurry are more infrequent. DOMESTIC. Walter lllncs Page, retiring Ameri can ambassador to Croat Britain, ar rived at New York, October 12, from England, critically 111. lie Is suffer ing from heart disease. From a steam ship lie was brought ashore oil u stretcher and removed to a hospital. Theodore Koosevelt declares: “1 earnestly hope that the president will instantly send hark word that we de mand an unconditional surrender and ilmt we refuse to compound a felony by discussing terms with the felons." Barricading herself in the tower at tin* Pennsylvania railroad crossing at Cist, Pn.. Miss Kmum Vensel, signal operator, plucklly held her post and fought a revolver duel with three men who attempted to wreck an ummunl tion train by placing ties across ilie trucks. Word has Just reached the national war work council of the Young Wom en’s Christian association that Eng land lias requested the American Y. W. A. to establish “foyers” or club houses at munition centers in England, similar to foyers lu France. Boilermakers in the Oakland nml Alameda shipyards refused to wuri: Saturday when they were refused double pay because of Its being a holi day. The other employes of the yards worked the full day. Cerumu newspapers received at New York generally attlrhute the success of the allied offensive to the employ ment of huge numbers of tanks. Hurry lUltgllng, youngest of the six brothers who during the last twenty five years have beeu prominent in the circus world, (lied at Buruhuo, WIs., of heart tilid other inti riiul disorders. A German submarine was sunk a few miles from the Atlantic coast Friday morning by u shell from a Brazilian steamer. It was reported when the ves sel arrived at an Atlantic port. Postmen within a few days will as sume the task of delivering telegraph messages classed as night letters tn cities and towns where jiostiil deliv eries arc maintained. A resolution recommending that the Thomas .1. Mooney case "ill Its labor aspects'- tie presented to tile war labor board and tie dealt with as a war Issue, was adopted unanimously by the Cali fornia Federation of Labor in ouiveti lion at San Diego. Repealed statements by public oseciiting officials that no woman could lie convicted of murder in Cook county (Chicago' were modified on Thursday when a Jury found Mrs. Agnes Kowalski, an aged union labor worker, guilty of iimnshiiightor at her trial on a charge of beating to death nisilhcr woman who tiad refused to h»u a union. 1 i announcing awards In three la bor •ontroversies, the war labor board 'aid town the rule that no worker shall draw overtime or extra time pay an tis. he works forty-eight regular hours a week, except where illness or some other Jim cause prevents. Scores of American sailors were killed or wounded by shrapnel fired h.v u Herman submarine tiller It had tor pedoed i lie steamship Tlcomlerogu, 1 Till) miles off Hi • Atlantic coast, ac cording to tlie story told by twenty survivors who arrived at an A tin lit Ic p /iA aboard a British freighter. rUntl uli. The tendency Is remnrked in cer t a In German circles, says a dispatch from Geneva to tlie Temps, to repre sent the eventual fall of Kmperor William as a concession which tlie Germans would he disposed to allow to the allies If they demanded it. In an extraordinary outspoken ar ticle, the Kranklische Tagespost, the Nurenmherg socialist organ, flatly de mands the uhdlcation of the German emperor. The German answer to President Wilson |s#the first diplomatic message of its kind In the history of the em pire to speak of the “German gov ernment." It Is tlie first note of its kind to omit tlie word “imperial.” Ilegret that President Wilson was not encouraged by Germany in ids ] policy of peace before America’s entry Into the war Is voiced in an editorial in the llerllu Tageblntt. The Finnish government lias asked Germany to withdraw her troops from i Finland. The request was recently delivered to General von der Goltz, the German ldgh commander on Fin nish territory. Spain, according to advices re ceived ,n Paris from the Spanish fron tier, has decided to seize German ships in her ports to the extent of 1.1.500 tons, in Indemnification of Spanish shipping losses. Restriction of war marriages In Germany is demanded by the New Saxon church paper. The material advantages which a young woman oh lalns by the war marriage are so al luring that only a few resist the lure, says the paper. The Frankfort Zeltung states that among the reforms the German em peror intends to renounce is the right n» declare war. The national restaurant at London, established to expose the profiteer, is not only self-supporting, but is making a good profit, according to Alderman C. K. Spencer, its director. (Jen. Michael Alexleff, commander in-chief of the Russian Imperial armies in 11(17, died at Yekaterinoinur on Oc tober 10, according to a report received here from Kiev. A Canton dispatch say# the southern military government has formally de clared war on the government of Presi dent Hsu Shin Chang, “because llsu Shlh ('hang accepted a bogus parlia ment election, thus recognizing the new parliament and refusing to respect the existing provisional constitution.” The porte has been advised that llulgarla Is expected to send troops' against Turkey In an expeditior planned by the entente .(Hies, accord ing to a dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company from Amsterdam, quoting advices from Constantinople. The social unrest in Japan, which started with the rice riots, spread to the mining districts of southern .lapan. The miners recently requested nil increase of wages to meet advanc ing prices. In Yamaguchl prefecture miners set fire to the house of the mine owner. Troops were “tiled out. I Emperor William has sumuoued the j sovereigns of all the (Jel'inan federal stales to Merlin for a consultation he | fore answering President Wilson's : noto, according to a Cologne dispatch. ! Such a conference is unique in the bin I torv of (iermanv. I NEED OF EXPERT TO FIX BATTERY 4 . - Starting Mechanism of Car Is Regarded by Too Many Mo torists as a Mystery. TIME FOR MAKING REPAIRS Should Be Opened for Owner’s Inspec tion and All Separators Removed —Reinsulation May Be All That Is Needed. “TVspite the educational campaign enrried on by battery manufacturers, a groat mnjority of motorists still con tinue to treat their starting battery as a mystery, and the same question is occurring day after day. When should a battery be repaired and when should It be thrown away? The answer to this Is, “Put yourself in the hands of an expert and at the same time bear the following points in mind,” says F. T. Kalas, manager of a battery depot in Washington. “Have your battery opened for your own inspection, and all separators re moved, so that the entire surface of the individual plates may be readily seen. Expense of Reinsulatlng. “If the examination shows that the positive plates (a chocolate brown In color) and the negative plates (slate gray) are mechanically Intact It Is sim ply a case of reinsulatlng the plates with separators, and this can be done at an average expense of approximate ly one-sixth the cost of a new battery. In some makes of batteries a very thin wood separator or Insulating ma terial Is used, and, judging from care fully kept records, extending over a period of one year, these very thin separators break down In approxi mately eight months’ time, whereas the thicker type of separators last twice as long. “If the positive plates are severely warped or show excessive loss of ma terial, a new set of positive plates and new separators are necessary. The cost of this repair Is approximately 50 per cent of the cost of a new battery, nnd such repnlrs would give a battery life about equal to the life obtained from the first set of positive plates. In many cases the life Is longer, as tne owner of a new car usually abuses the car and the battery In the early part of Its life. Repair or renewal of positive plates is perfectly safe, as the negative plates are almost equal In life to two sets of positive plates. Purchase New Battery. “If the examination shows that the negative plates are excessively worn In uddltion to the positive plates It Is then advisable to purchase a new bat tery, us the cost of repairs In a case of this kind Is excessive by compari son. “There mny be some slight varia tions from the above principles, but they are exceedingly few and rare. "Don’t get your knowledge from the outside of the bnttery box—obtain a complete Idea of the Inside, learn what the parts are for and why. It only takes a few minutes and It will save more dollars.” GOOD VALVE GRINDING HINT Piece of Emery Cloth Can Be Em ployed Satisfactorily If Direc tions Are Followed. In cases where a badly pitted valve requires grinding there Is a short cut. Cut a piece of emery cloth In dimen sions a little hit wider than the valve seating and twice as long and then double it over so that both surfaces are cutting surfaces. Next cut a hole in the cloth so that the valve stem may be passed through and the emery cloth brought close up against the valve head. The valve Is then placed In position for grinding under com paratively high pressure. Both sides of the emery cloth will conform to the valve head and the seating, and if the valve turns and the emery cloth remains stationary the valve will be ground on the upper emery, whereas if the cloth revolves the valve seating Will be ground ou the lower emery. A iiiuu wuo lias urivtrii a ear im wv oral years says that one can tell the speed of a car without a device that registers the number of miles an hour. When the car Is going 20 to 25 miles an hour there Is plenty of conversa tion on the back seat. The occupants point out things of interest nnd com ment thereon. When the speed gets up to 35 or 40 miles an hour there Is less talking, and when a higher mark is attnlned there is dead silence. Ev erybody in the car has his eyes glued on the rood ahead, and is hopeful that nothing will happen. There Is no time nnd no Inclination to talk, even If the rush of air would permit It. Happily, the average motorist does not drive at an excessive speed, and it is the average motorist who is learn ing that there nre two kinds of high ways. One kind Is the main road be tween cities, much utilized by speed ers—the drivers who watch the speedometer nnd who brag on what they have been able to “get out of her.” The other kind of driver .» learning that there usually Is a back rond. At this season of the year many of these hnck roads are In better condition than the main highways. They are smooth er and there Is less dust. Little traf fic Is met, and the surrounding coun try, as a rule, is prettier and more pas toral. The man who seeks out these back roads may have to drive a few miles farther than if he had kept to the main traveled ways, but the quiet and beauty of the scene more than pay for the extra gasoline. TESTER FOR A LEAKY VALVE Simple and Certain Method Is to Apply Small Bottle of Water as Illus tration Shows. Leaks at the valve in a tire of a bi cycle, automobile or other vehicle are difficult to locate, by ordinary examina tion of the suspected valve. A sim ple and certain method is to apply a ■ ■ ■ « ■ ' '■ ” ■"I Testing Leaky Valve. small bottle of water to the valve, as shown, both with nnd without the valve enps In place. The cap Is often sufficient to hold the air, hence this added test. If the valve leaks, re placing the plunger with a new one Is the most effective method of overcom ing the trouble. HOW BRAKES ARE ADJUSTED Not Advisable to Remove Slack at Same Place—First on Rods, Next on Bands, Etc. In taking up on the brakes do not always remove the slack at the sami place. There usually are two or tlm | places in the brake assembly where a “take-up" Is possible, and each time the brakes ere adjusted a different place should be used. The first time take up the rods at the rear, the nex* time at the brake bands, etc. it was openly tne aim ot Austria, “in accord with Germany,-’ not only to deprive Serbia of its political in dependence, but also to inflict a check to Russia. From then on events moved rapidly. Serbia, on July 25, gave way to all the Austrian demands, but denied the right of Austria to ex ercise judicial authority in Serbia. Italy, before the expiration of the ultimatum, made it known that she was not in sympathy with the Austro Hungarian note to Serbia. At once diplomatic exchanges be gan between the various powers to avert the war that was impending; but, on July 27, Austria issued a note to the powers stating that Serbia’s ac quiescence to her demands was un satisfactory and “filled with the spirit of dishonesty,” and on the following day, July 28, Austria declared war ou Serbia. Russia at once began to mobilize, and notified the powers that she would not permit the invasion of Serbia. Thp next day Sir Edward Grey, British secretary for foreign affairs, sent peace proposals for a council of Eu rope to both the kaiser and the czar. His action was supported by France and Italy. The kaiser's reply was a general or der of mobilization and an ultimatum with a twelve-hour limit, to Russia to stop mobilizing. Of France, Germany demanded to be informed of her atti tude in case of a Russo-German war. This was on July 30, and on the same day Austria Invaded Serbia. On July 31 military luw was pro claimed throughout.Gennany, and Rus sia ordered a generul mobilization. Personal messages were exchanged between the czar and the kaiser, to both of whom King George sent np penls for peace, but on August 1 Ger many suddenly decided that “the sword hud been forced into her bund” and declared war ou Russia, while Austria was still actually negotiating with the czar. France at once ordered a general mobilization and Italy formally de clared her neutrality. It was plain that a general war was Inevitable. The kaiser sent an ultimatum in German to King Albert of Belgium on August 2, demanding free passage for his armies. The same day German forces crossed the frontiers of Luxem burg ami France, and on August 3 Germany declared war on France. On the morning of August 4 the German army Invaded Belgium, which had already appealed to England to preserve her neutrality, and the Brit ish ambassador in Berlin demanded the immediate withdrawal of the kaiser's forces from Belgium, and, un uble to obtain satisfaction, England de clared war on Germany the same even ing, to the unaffected dismay of the German chancellor, w ho could not be lieve that “just for a scrap of paper Englnnd was going to make war." Does Not Please Lodge. Washington. — Acceptance In any degree of the German reply to Presi dent Wilson’s note means the loss of the war for the allies. Senator Lodge of Massachusetts, minority leader and ranking, Republican of the foreign re lations committee of the senate, de clared. No Peace Short of Surrender. Chicago. — There can ho no peace short of unconditional surrender, Gov ernor Frank O. Lowden of Illinois averred in a speech at the dedication of tin; Illinois Centennial monument Sunday. American Submarine Chaser Sunk. Washington. — An American sub marine chaser, designated as the 210, sank in foreign waters October 0, after an explosion, with the death of one enlisted man and the injury of one officer and eight men. Hunger Aids Downfall of Bolsheviki. Stockholm.—Hunger is hastening the downfall of the Bolsheviki regime I in Russia far more than the feeble I and disorganized efforts of the op I posing political patties, according to reliable news received here. Doubtless It will surprise a great many persons to learn that Mandalay, famed of song and story, Is little more than a half century old. It wus built In 1850 by King Mindon, who made It the capital of what was then Indepen dent Burrnah. Something more than 300 feet ahova the level of the sea, Mandalay sitfl tightly upon a stretch of tableland just In front of the Shan hills. Tha city proper extends over about live square miles, but the military district of Mandalay covers a more extensive area. With the British soldier, Mandnlny has taken on a great deal of the char acter of a vacation resort. In the tor rid months of the Burmese summer the heat becomes very great, some times making the thermometer rise to 119 degrees In the shade; but relief la easily found In the adjacent hills. Tha British sanitary officers have succeed ed In exterminating all the fevers and other diseases with which the climate was once infested. In winter—or as near to winter as It gets—Mandalay becomes a semlpnra dlse, for the temperature stays at about 60 degrees. Happy the British soldier who Is assigned to this garri son. Like as not he sits of afternoons un derneath the shadow of the Moulmlen pagoda gazing dreamily at the flotillas on the Irrawaddy. “Can’t you hear their paddles chunk in' from Rangoon to Mandalay?” Or perhaps he looks at the distant mountains, fabled to be so rich in ala baster and rubles. And very often tha whole picture as drawn by Kipling Is complete, even to the temple balls and the Burmese maiden. RANG OUT ALARM OF FIRE As Late as Civil War Days New York Employed Bells to Warn Citizens of Danger. Not longer ago than Civil war days fire alarms were rung In the city on great bells hung In towers erected for the purpose about the town. The bells Indicated the district In which the Are was and sometimes a good deal of ground was covered In looking for a fire. The First district, for instance. In Civil war days extended from Twen ty-second street north to Yorkville and from the East river to the North. The bell ringers were constantly on duty In the towers watching for signs of a fire. An Inventory of the contents of the old Marion street bell tower In 18G5 shows the equipment then in use. It Is as follows: “One bell, weight 11, 000 pounds; one striking apparatus, one stove, table, clock, one spyglass, one field glass, one slate and book.” The fire bells of the old city coul be heard all over the town unless gale of wind was blowing. The larges bell was In the City hall tower. Its weight was 23,000 pounds.—New York Times. Amusing Trick Is Simple. One of the most amusing tricks la fireworks Is the serpent’s egg trick, where a little pellet when lighted turns Into a horrible snake, many, many times the size of the pellet. How awe-inspiring It Is to the youngster I Most people have no Idea what In the world causes the snake to appear. The explanation Is simple. Mercury sul pho-cynnld burns with a volumlno. ash. The little pellet Is nothing morn than some mercury sul pho-cynnld. The heat causes the ash to move off so quickly from the burning pellet that It writhes nnd distorts Itself Into tha shape of a miniature snake. The Social Fabric. To uphold the social system women submit to uncounted tests of their con stancy. They endure physical discom fort, ennui, the peril of cold drafts nnd damp places, hours of weariness and moments of acute annoyance lor the sake of what, to a man, is an unim portant social mutter. And even though u! times she feels that it would matter little If the whole social scheme of things should perish—and that ln stnntly with tiro and bloodshed If need be—rather than require so much of her, she stands to her colors.