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If You Bought a Diamond
Several years age, it it now worth much more than you paid for it. If you do not own one, you should con sider the purchase of one at once. They are advancing in price all the time. We are showing exceptional values, and our guarantees protect you. BOYD PARK rOUNMD MAKERS X)F JEWELRY 100 MAIN STREET SALT LAKE CITY BARGAINS IN USED CARS SO «plendid uned cars-Buicks. Oldsmobiles, Na tionals- $2*0 t'» $*00. Guaranteed first class running condition-eisy terms if wanted by right parties. Write for detailed list and descrip tion. Used Car Dept.. Randal l-Dodd Auto Co.. Sad Lake City FIRST USE OF GAS IN WAR In Crude Form That Weapon Waa Employed Centuries Before the l '■ . Coming of Christ. - A The earliest use of deleterious gases In siege warfare Is recorded In the his tory of the Peloponnesian wars from 431 404 B. C. During this struggle between the Athenians and Spartans and their respective allies the cities of Palatea and Dellum were besieged. Wood saturated with pitch and sul phur was set on lire and burned under* the walls of these cities In order ttt generate choking and poisonous fumes, which would stupefy the defenders and make the task of attacking forces less difficult. Another form of th«| same method of attack used about this date was to (111 a caldron with inolteq pitch, sulphur nnd burning charcoal, and to blow the fumes with the aid of a primitive form of bellows and nlr blnst over the defenders’ lines. 1 Greek-flre, about which much was heard In the wars of the middle ages, was a liquid, the composition of which ts now unknown, that was spurted through the air, chiefly in sea fights, In order to set fire to the ships of the enemy, and It was used by the Byzan tine Greeks at the sieges of Constan tinople In the years 1261 and 1412. INSECT POWDER GROWN HERE j Americana Lost Nc Time In Devel oping Industry Once the Secret Was Discovered. In onr grandfathers’ day the so called Persian insect powder (com monly sold nowadays under the name of “pyrethram”) cost $16 a pound. Pretty dear for a bug-killer. The stuff was a mystery. Beyond the fact that it was of a vegetable na ture, nobody knew what It was. As a matter of fact, It came from Transcaucasia, where its production •was a very important Industry. For centuries it had been widely used in Asiatic countries, and the source of the material was a secret carefully kept. f Eventually the secret was revealed by an Armenian merchant, who, trav eling through Transcaucasia, discov ered that the Insect powder was sim ply the ground-up flower-heads of a plant nearly related to our own field •daisy. Later on, attempts were made to In troduce the plant In the United States, but the seeds refused to sprout. This (ms finally ascertained) wns due to the circumstance that the persons from whom they were bought had baked them. At the present time we grow all oui own Insect powder In California. Onion Taken Off Pedestal. Another old-fashioned medical su perstition has been exploded. The odorous onion can never again be used as a therapeutic agent In tu berculosis. Old timers who have ■worn by the virtues of this tear proilucing product have humbugged themselves, for the onion has been investigated, classified, analyzed and everything else hus been done to It that the learned men of sci ence could think of, and In the end It was found to he only an onion— pleasing to the palates of some, however displeasing to the noses of their friends, but absolutely and unqualifiedly without any medicinal qualities or proprieties that maks it an aid In the treatment of tuber culosis. The white plague victims may as well use boiled potato peel ings or beet tops for all the good it will do them. Flower Friend*. Flowers cost so little and they mean so much. We need not go to fash' able florists for our messengers. One rose bought from a tray on the street mny mean more than the hand somest design on Fifth avenue. It Is these little things, these beautiful per sonal expressions, that make our flow ers worth while. But they must have n message or they cannot deliver it. Remember that.—New York Telegram. Destructive Grasshoppers. Nowendoc. N. S. W., is periodically plagued with grnsshoppers, and dur ing their visits the local hen eggs can not be eaten. Yolk and white are blood-red. a result of the ftrwls swal lowing the Insects. Origin of "Lawyer." The word lawyer is said by authori ties to be a modification of the old English “lnw-wer,” literally "law man,” the second portion of the word being a corruption of the Lntin "vir," man. ! NEWS OF A WEEK IN CONDENSED FORM RECORD OF THE IMPORTAN1 EVENTS TOLD IN BRIEFEST MANNER POSSIBLE. Happening* That Are Making Hlator) —Information Gathered from All Quarter* of the Globe and Given in a Few Line*. INTERM O'JNTAIN. A strict quarantine lias been estab lished at Camp Lewis, Wash., which l'orbids soldiers, including officers, en listed men and civilian employes, from leaving the military reservation and prohibiting civilians from entering. Reports compiled October 18 by the city board of health showed 1279 cnses of influenza had developed in Salt Lake since the outbreak of the disease about two weeks previous. Utah has been credited officially with being the first state to complete classification of 90 per cent of Sep tember 12 registrants, forward records to district boards and conduct physical examination of at least 90 per cent of Class 1 men in the last registration. Arthur Morse Moon, Salt Lake actor and playwright, died in Helena, Mont., a victim of influenza, being stricken while playing on the Pantages circuit. In spite of drastic action on the part of state and municipal authori ties the spread of influenza through out Colorado continues. The high Sierra Nevada mountains west of Reno are white with snow, far down their sides, that fell Wednes day. Dr. O. M. Lanstrum, candidate for United States senator from Montana, lins abandoned his speaking dates and volunteered his services to the state in lighting the influenza epidemic. Utah’s shortage in sheep this wluter will exceed 1,000,000. estimates .1. A. Robinson, rancher of Green River, Utah. Shortuge in fall feed and high price of sheep is given as the reason for the rush to market. DOMESTIC. "Public gatherings of all kinds" are prohibited under the Spanish influ enza quarantine order issued by the Iowa state board of health, and this includes football games and other out door gatherings, it was explained. Chicago & Alton railroad employes at Bloomington, Ills., must work or fight. Local exemption boards re ceived instructions Friday to put men fuiling to return to work in class Al. Unless peace can be restored “upon terras that will change the mental at titude of the German people towards Its own master and towards the rest of the world” the war will have been fought in vain, Henry Morgenthau, former ambassador to Turkey, said Friday at the Liberty loan rally at Cooper Union, New York City. Six sailors and soldiers are believed ' to have drowned In the sinking of the army transport America at her pier at Hoboken, N. J. Charles Crozat Converse, lawyer, in ventor, author and composer of "What a Friend We Have in Jesus” and other famous hymns, died Friday at his home in Euglewood, N. J. Declaring “the more coal you pro duce the sooner we shall huve peace," General Pershing through a cablegram to Fuel Administrator Garfield ap pealed to the coal miners of the coun try for increased production. H. Rivera, a wealthy wholesale gro cer of Douglas, Ariz., was arrested in Augua Prieta, Mexico, charged with complicity in the robbery on the night of September 80 irf the Mexican stamp tax office, when $8000 in American gold was stolen. A fund of $1,000,000,000. to be used to finance the reconstruction of the Jewry of the world, will be sought by the joint distribution committee of the American funds for Jewish war suf ferers, which, it was announced at New York, will undertake what It de scribes as “the largest purely humani tarian project In history to be at tempted by individual effort." Mrs. A. r . Kogers .was arrested at Los Angeles on a charge of conspiracy to defraud through the United States malls In connection with the alleged einbezzlemeut of funds of the National defense league of California. Influenza at Camp Kearny Is being kept well In hand, the few cases that have developed being of a mild type and no deaths attributed to the disease having occurred for the last ten days. Shortly before the American trans port America, formerly the German truns-AtluntlC passenger steamship Amerikn, was about to sail Tuesday for Europe with soldiers and supplies the vessel foundered at her pier at Hoboken, N. J. The .’500 soldier on board were rescued. Tentative settlement of the govern meat’s claim of $0,500,000 inheritance tax against the estate of the luti Henry Miller, California cattle baron was made when Internal ltevenue pol lector Warded accepted $2,500,000 fron the heirs and trustees as an initia payment. Jack Burkholder, a farmer, who wa charged with refusing to subscribe t the fourth Liberty loan, was ntobbe at Sterling, 111., by 500citizens. Hewn painted yellow from head to foot an ,a bucket of paint was dumped upo .bis head. Officers and men at Camp Keornj are being put through a rigorous course of calisthenics dally (luring th< period, of quarantine, with the Idea ol keeping the men in the 1 est possible physical condition. One hundred German sailors In terned at Camp Devens, Mass., for the duration of the war, subscribed $50C ■ to the fourth Liberty loan. In a Liberty loan address at Provi donee, II. I. Theodore Roosevelt de clared the "United "States will get peace with a machine gun and not with a typewriter.” “We are going to see ■ this war to a finish if it takes three years more, our bedrock dollars and the last man.” declared Colonel Roose velt. - - * Congressman Jacob E. Meeker died at St. Louis, October. 10, of Spanish Influenza, after his marriage at mid night the previous night to his private secretary. WASHINGTON. The $6,000,000,000 military de ficiency bill was passed by the house without a dissenting vote and sent to the senate in practically the same form ..that it came from the appropriations committee. The senate finance committee in re vising the war revenue bill struck out house provisions taxing the salaries of the president, members of the su preme court and superior courts and state officials. Fuel Administrator Garfield has lifted the request for gasolineless Sun days effective at once. In announcing tlie withdrawal of the request, the fuel administration said through the loyal response of the public 1,000,000 barrels of gasoline was saved for the military forces. Protest against the Americanization of German-owned business concerns, ships and other property by Alien Property Custodian Palmer, has been made by the German government to tlie state department. No further effort will be made by congress to continue existing dnylight saving law and the hands of the clocks will -be turned back an hour on Octo- 1 her 27 as originally planned. A nesv section providing for a tax of 2 cents on all bank checks payable ; on sight or demand was written into , the revenue bill by the senate finance ! committee Tuesday. The tax will ap ply to the checks irrespective of their value. FOREIGN. Allied forces have occupied the town | of Kudish In the province of Arch angel. and have advanced for a dis tance of six miles to the south of tlint place along the Archangel-Vologda rail way, according to tin official state- ; ment on operations in north Itussia. Independence of the Czecho-Slovak nation was declared formally on Oc tober 18 by the Czecho-Slovak national council, recognized by the United j States and the entente allies as u belligerent de facto government. Arrangements for feeding the civil i population-of Belgium as rapidly as! lie allies take over the territory is be- ! ng made by the Belgian relief coin- i nission. 1 Baron Burlan, the Austro-Hungarian oreign minister, spoke in the most I iptlmistlc manner of the prospects for 1 in early peace in addressing the for- ' ‘ign affairs committee of the Austrian lelegatlon at its meeting on Wednes lay, says a Vienna dispatch. Tidal waves which followed the earthquake in Porto Itico added to the loath toll and devastation. The city if Mayaguez, the third largest in the island, practically was destroyed by the inrush of water, while the town of Agudilla was badly damaged. Austria-Hungary is in the throes of a crisis which either will compel Ger many to accept President Wilson’s de cision or make it imperative for the dual monarchy to act on its own ac cord for peace. A dispatch from Amsterdam says in Prague the streets from the suburbs to tlie city proper are occupied by troops armed with hand grenades and 1 machine guns in consequence of a tiireat by the Czechs to call a general strike throughout Bohemia. Emperor William has issued a decree saying that martial law in Germany can only be administered by un agree ment between the civil and military authorities, according to a report re ceivea ui Amsterdam. With the Berlln-Gonstantinople rail road cut by the ullled occupation of Nish, Germany Is relying upon its ltluck sea fleet to hold Turkey In line. Information has been received thilt the 'furklsh government 1ms been told by Berlin that the fleet will open fire on the Ottoman capital at the first sign of defection. Refugees from northern France and Belgium, who are fleeing before the retreating German armies with the hope of making their v*ay Into Holland, may be taken cure of In eastern sec tions of Belgium. The Austrian emperor has declined i to accept the resignation of the cabl ' net of Premier Wekerle, according to I Budapest advices received here. The emperor said he had full confidence in the cabinet. Another attempt has been made upon the life of Nikolai l.cnine, the ■ Bolshevik) premier, l.enlne received a . bullet in the shoulder from a revolver In the hands of M. DwauiUke of the i • Information bureau of the soviet. 1 j According to figures compiled at Is ! ,ny, Scotland, and carefully checked * I with army records, the total loss ol »1 life as a result of the disaster to the 1 transport Otranto Is These figures * represent one American officer I enlisted men, 184 of the Otranto's of i I fieers and 'Tew, and six members ol I the crew of u French fishing boat. I GERMAN NOTE FAILS TO ACCEPT TERMS i UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER IA NOT MENTIONED BY BOCHE, WHO WOULD ARQUE. Protests Against the Reproach oi Illegal and Inhuman Actions on Land and Sea, but Avoids Big Issues In Replying to Wilson. Washington.—Germany lias replied i to President Wilson with a note which, though no one is prepared to say it will lead tiie president even to con tinue exchanges- on the subject of an armistice and peace, at least has served almost to bring conviction here that tiie people of Germany actually are taking tiie reins of government and sincerely desire peace oil any terms the United States and tiie allies are willing to give. ‘•In accepting the proposal for an evacuation of occupied territories, the german government lias started from the assumption that the procedure of this evacuation and of these condi tions of an armistice should he left to the judgment of the military advisers and that the actual standard of power on both sides in the held has to form tiie basis for arrangements safe guarding this standard. “Tiie German government suggests to the president that an opportunity should be brought about for fixing the details. It trusts that the president of the United States will approve of no demand which would he irreconcil able with tiie honor of the German people and with opening a way to a peace of Justice. “The German government protests against the reproach of illegal and In human actions made against the Ger man land and sea forces and thereby against tiie German people. For the covering of a retreat destructions will always be necessary, and they are car ried out in so fur us is permitted by international law. The German troops art* limler most send nisiruciious u> spare private property and to exercise care for the population to the best of tlieir ability. Where transgressions occur in spite of these instructions the guilty are being punished. “The German government further denies that the German navy In sink ing ships has ever purposely destroyed lifebonts with their passengers. The Herman government proposes with re gard to all those charges that the facts De cleared up by neutral commissions. “In order to avoid anything that night hamper the work of peace the Herman government has caused nr lers to be dispatched to all submarine ■omnianders precluding the torpedo ng of passenger ships without, how »ver. for technical reasons, being able o guarantee that these orders will each every single submarine at sea lefore its return. “As a fundamental condition for teace, the president prescribes the des ructhm of every arbitrary power that an separately, secretly and of Its own ingle choice disturb the peace of the vorld. To this the German government •eplles: “Hitherto the representation of the leople In the German empire lias not ipen endowed with an influence on the Formation of the government. ‘The constitution did rifit provide bir a concurrence of representation of Ihe people of decisions In |ieace and war. These conditions have just now undergone a fundamental change. A new government has been formed In complete accordance with the wishes (principle) of the representation of the people, based on equal, universal, se cret. direct franchise. 1 he leaders or the great parties nr the relehstag are members of this gov ernment. In the future no government can take or continue In office without possessing the confidence of a majority of the relehstag. ‘The responsibility of the chancellor of the empire to the representation of the people Is being legally developed and safeguarded. The first act of tin new government has been to lay before the relehstag a hill to alter the con stitution of the empire so that the con sent of the representation of the people Is required for decisions on war and peace. “The permanence of the new system Is, however, guaranteed not only by constitutional safeguards, hut also by the unshakable determination of the German people whose vast majority stands behind these reforms and de mand their energetic continuance. « “The question of the president—with whom he and the governments asso ciated against Germany are dealing— is, therefore, answered in a clear, un equivocal manner by the statement that the offer of peace and an armis tice lias come from a government which Is free from any arbitrary and Irres ponsible influence. Is supported by the approval of an overwhelming majority of the Oe. -an people. Finish "aurteen Ships in Week. Washington.—Fourteen steel nnd wood vessels of 77,150 deadweight tons were delivered to the shipping hoard during the week ended October 1ft. Nine of 50,150 deadweight tons were steel and five of IS.ihxi tons were wood. Merchant Killed, Wife Hurt. Santa-Fe, N. M.—C. K. llutton, aged 75 years, a retired merchant of Glande, Cal., was killed and his wife was se verely Injured when their car skidded at a turn and tumbled down an em bankment on Little Labajuda hllL PERUNA the best medicine for coughs and colds Miss Ivy Gray, Falrview, Kentucky, writes: ««t have taken Peruna, and would say that It la the best medicine for coughs and colds I ever saw. I And that it always AHfag m cold In n nhort wkllo# It also strengthens and builds up the system." gold Everywhere ; I Ever I Saw E MIm Grays utter breath- ' hope to the alllnir. It I, spiratlon to tho sick and Inarm. Llqald or Tablet Form One Dose of the Guaranteed Blackleg Vacch Made by Dr. O. M. Franklh, the originator, la GUARANTEED TO PROTECT A CALF For .... ariiKicmi ACKLEO It has stood the test for over four years on over a million c.i,.,„, * Ufl CSi wSttSErtnit WB BACK THAT CONFIDENCE with a WRITTEN CUAR^fe’ "** — wish, and charge you fifty cents pr-dose. Or will Send you the SAME vISeill? . forty cents per dose without the Guarantee We make ONE QUALITY OF vXj ONLY Syringe for Injecting, $2.50. Write us about It. VACCUR THE KANSAS BLACKLEG SERUM CO, *00 Lies Stock Eschange Bldg. DENVER, COM Leek Lovelier Than Lily. Vegetables are not usuully regarded a subject for eloquence. But Sir Charles Wakefield certainly uttalned some fine flights recently on the pre sentation of q basket of fruit ,ir|d vegetables to the lord mayor of Lon don. The master of the Gardeners’ company first declared that the pos session of un allotment was an almost certain test of good citizenship, and, growing alliterative In his enthusiasm, said he saw more beauty In the potato than In a pansy, more loveliness In a leek than tn a Illy, more honor In cul tivating the humble cabbage than In causing (he cultured carnntion to fur ther displays of pride. It Is to he noted, however, that the delegation to which Sir Charles acted ns spokesman presented the lady mayoress with n bunch of orchids and not of leeks such as Sir Charles’ statements might have led the lady to expect. Discouraged Frenchmen. A Frenchman complained that he j had difficulty In learning Kngllsh. Me j said that after he had learned to pro 1 nounee ‘typhoid fever” a doctor pro j Bounced It fatal. Probably Didn't ^ “There Is one good thing Adam.” * *Do,l, "What Is thut?” "He never wore his trouser. tm* UV ” m -’— --- I "Cold In the Head" la an acuta attack of Nasal Catsrrt iw Mina who are subject to frequent ■w In tha head" will find that the HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE Jj build up the System, cleans* the r£3 and render them less liable Vo Repeated attacks of Acute CatirrhVT. lead to Chronic Catarrh “f .HALL’S CATARRH MEDICINE u u en Internally and arts through the Rt*j on the Mucous Surfaces of the All Druggists 75c. Testimonials fnp $10000 for any case of catarrh ths HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE win 22 cur*. F. J. Cheney A Co.. Toledo, Ohio. Why Visitor Left Hurriedly. Willie (to tnlkntlve caller)—WHI, now Hint you ve conic, 1 suppose I * hhitll have to go for ii doctor. Tnlkntlve Culler—Why, Willie? Willie—Father suys you altvaji ■nuke him ill. - —_ Life Is n great mup, nntl most of« are vainly trying to figure out tfc scale of mites. Do You Think There U No Competition? If anyone thinks there is no competition amongst the big packers he ought to go through a day's work with Swift ft Company. Let him begin at the pens when the live stock comes in; let him try to buy a nice bunch of fat steers quietly and at his own price without some body’s bidding against him. Let him realize the scrupulous care taken at the plant that not one thing is lost or wasted in order that costs may be held to a minimum. Let him go up into the office where market reports are coming in,—and reports of what other concerns are doing. Let him watch the director of the Swift Refrig erator fleet, maneuvering it over the face of the country like a fleet of battleships at sea. Let him take a trip with a Swift 6c Company salesman and try to sell a few orders of meat. Let him stay at a branch house for an hour or two and see the retail meat dealers drive their bargains to the last penny as they shop around among the packers’ branch houses, the wholesale dealers, and the local packing plants. And then, when the day is over, let him have half an hour in the accounting department, where he can see for himself on what small profits the business is done. (Less than 4 cents on each dollar of sales.) If he still thinks there is no competition in the meat business it will be because he wants to think so. Swift & Company, U. & A.