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Yerington times. [volume] (Yerington, Nev.) 1907-1932, August 23, 1919, Image 2

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Either Caustic Soda or Caustic Potash
Without Other Substances Is
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
When circumstances are favorable,
as In the case of farmers who build
up their herds by raising the progeny,
the horns may be prevented from
growing by a simple and practically
painless method, and the custom of
preventing the growth of the horns is
becoming more popular and more gen
erally practiced under all conditions
except In the case of calves dropped
on the open range. The calf should
be treated not later than one week af
ter its birth, preferably when it is
from three to five days old. The agent
kkj uc uacu iim.v uc eiuicr tuusut' »uuu
or caustic potash, both of which may
be procured in the drug stores in the
form of sticks about the thickness of
an ordinary lead pencil and 5 inches
long. These caustics must be handled
with care, as they dissolve the cuticle
and may make the hands or fingers
sore. The preparation of the calf con
sists in first clipping the hair from the
parts, washing clean with soap and
warm water, and thoroughly drying
with a cloth or towel. The stick of
caustic should be wrapped in a piece
of paper to protect the hands and fin
gers, leaving one end of the stick un
Moisten the uncovered end slightly
and rub It on the horn buttons or little
points which may be felt on the calf’s
head, first on one and then the other,
alternately, two or three times on
each, allowing the caustic to dry after
each application. Be very careful to
apply the caustic to the horn button
only. If it is brought in contact with
the surrounding skin it will cause pain.
Be very careful also not to have too
much moisture on the stick of caustic,
as it will remove the skin if allowed
to run down over the face. After treat
ment, keep the calf protected from
rain, as water on the head after the
application of caustic will cause It to
run down over the face. This must
be carefully avoided.
Either caustic soda or caustic pot
ash alone, without the admixture of
other substances, answers the purpose
satisfactorily. Some years ago, how
ever, certain preparations or “dehorn
ing compounds,” composed largely of
one or the other of these caustics,
were generally used, and ns inquiries
are still occasionally received concern
ing such preparations, the following
formula is given: Combine in an
emulsion 50 per cent of caustic soda,
Custom of Preventing Growth of Horne
le Becoming More Popular.
25 per cent of kerosene, and 25 per
cent of water. The caustic soda Is
dissolved In the water and heated to
the boiling point, then removed, from
the fire, and the kerosene added grad
ually, while the mixture Is vigorously
stirred. This emulsion is applied in
very much the same manner as the
stick caustic, except that it is neces
sary to employ a short, stiff brush.
Sometimes a meat skewer Is used, the
large end being mashed to form a
stubby brush. Two or three applica
tions should be made to each horn
button, as In the case of the stick
caustic, with Intervals to allow it to
In the very young calf the horn
button, or point that will ultimately
develop Into a horn, has scarcely any
attachment to the skull, and may be
felt as a small button embedded In
tbe skin. In this early stage It may
be easily removed with a sharp knife
or a pair of curved scissors, but even
then caustics should be applied to kill
any remaining cell life belonging to
this germ point; otherwise there may
be some subsequent irregular horn
growth, which Is more or less of a
Proper Care Should Be Taken Not to
Lead Tee Heavily—Most Common
Cause of Lose.
When shipping hogs In warm weath
er care should be taken not to load
too heavily. Too heavy loading is one
of the most common causes of loss In
Shipments of hogs.
1—U. S. S. Mississippi, one of the. Pacific fleet, passing through the Gaillard cut of the Panama canal. 2—
Actresses in New York who took part in the strike of the Actors’ Equity association. 3—Nelson Morris, one of
the “big five” packers whom the government charges with profiteering and violation of the food laws.
* -.—
All Government Forces Concen
trating on Fight Against High
Cost of Living.
Test Case Against Alleged Sugar
Hoarders—Labor Situation Is Lit
tle Improved—Kolchak's Siberi
an Armies in Flight—Rou
manians in Hungary
Defy Allied Com
Spurred on by the welcome, if long
delayed action of the chief executive,
all available forces of the federal gov
ernment are devoting themselves to
the task of reducing the cost of liv
ing, and they are receiving the en
thusiastic co-operation of state and
municipal bodies and officials all over
the country.
Attorney General Palmer sent out
Instructions and authority to confiscate
at once hoarded food stocks, and large
quantities of foodstuffs in warehouses
were seized in Chattanooga, Tampa,
Jacksonville, Fla.; Fort Sam Houston,
Tex., and other places. In every case,
according to Mr. Palmer’s instructions,
the names of the hoarders and the
amounts of food seized were made pub
lic, for it was thought the publicity
would result in the Immediate release
of excessive amounts of foodstuffs
that have been withheld from con
sumption. The attorney general cen
tered his attention especially on Chi
tugu, uui uuij uctausc u 10 uic
est food storage center of the world,
but because he had learned the spec
ulators there had been particularly and
perniciously active. The Chicago
packers, naturally, are the chief tar
gets, because they are alleged to be
In control of the cold-storage business,
not Only there but all over the coun
try. This they deny. Senator McKel
lar has Introduced a bill for federal
regulation of cold-storage plants and
In supporting It he told of the vast
amounts of poultry, eggs and butter
In storage and of the apparent exorbi
tant profits made on those commodi
ties by some middlemen. Louis Swift
says he has been and Is In favor of
regulation of storage methods; and
President Horn of the American Re
frigerating association asserts his or
ganization would net object to reason
able regulatory measures, but that
most of the suggested plans are too
The government’s fight against the
sugar hoarders also centered In Chi
cago, and the first test case is that
against the officials of the Central Su
gar company who were arrested a
week or more ago. Henry H. Rolapp,
head of the sugar distribution com
mittee of the food administration, snid
the situation was serious, as canners
and dealers were clamoring In vain
for sugar. The railway shopmen’s
strike entered Into this, as 20,000,000
pounds of sugar was delayed in Cali
fornia by lack of cars. Mr. Rolapp
said that In a few days the arrival of
cane sugar from New Orleans and beet
sugar from the West would flood the
The entire food crusade had Its ef
fect on retail prices, in some Instances
only slight and In others, notably po
tatoes, very marked. The federal
agents Intend to go after the retail
grocers and butchers for profiteering,
as well as after the bigger game, and
before long the suffering consumer
may get relief that will actually affect
his bank roll.
In Boston a grand jury investigation
elicited the rather surprising Informa
tion that the American people demand
shoes of high grade and high price and
scorn the cheaper grades, of which the
manufacturers say they have large
stocks. In a wray this is borne out by
tjke statement, of a Berlin paper that
American' shoe dealers are making
ptrenuous efforts to find a suitable
market for their goods in Germany.
The witnesses in Boston said their
margin of profit was no larger than
when shoes were selling at much lower
prices, and that a decline might be
expected, perhaps a year hence.
The British, too, are attacking the
cost of living problem with vigor. The
house of commons had before it h bill
to curb profiteering, and after a hard
fight the measure was amended so as
to empower the board of trade, after
aD investigation, to fix wholesale and
retail prices. Sir Auckland Geddes,
minister of national service, said this
would operate in cases where com
munities were likely to be bled by any
combination, national or international,
for the purpose of raising prices; and
Andrew Bonar Law made it clear that
the government had no intention of es
tablishing a general system of price
fixing throughout the country.
. Belgium is suffering, like most Of the
rest of the world, and the labor party
there has suggested to the prime min
ister a series of measures to arrest the
increasing prices of necessaries, to en
courage tie home growing of food and
to insure the equal distribution of im
ports. The party wants the govern
ment to fix the prices of foodstuffs and
to control the prices of coal and cloth
Paris was the scene of some lively
scrapping last week between the food
vendors in the markets and the price
vigilance committees and would-be
purchasers. The committees endeav
ored to prevent foodstuffs bought by
the hotels and other large consumers
from leaving the markets, asserting
that the willingness of those buyers
to pay any prices, however high, re
sulted in the raising of nil prices. Dur
ing the fighting many stalls and shops
were looted.
The labor situation In the United
States did not show marked Improve
ment. In spite of all efforts to make
them return to work, the striking rail
way shopmen In many localities were
obdurate, and the officers of their in
ternational union were compelled to
threaten them with expulsion from the
union If they did not resume their la
bors. Then delegates representing
500,000 shopmen met In Chicago and
voted to go back to work.
Before August 25 a general strike
of steel workers throughout the coun
try may be declared. The men have
been taking a vote on the question In
all the plants. They demand $1 an
hour, a 44-hour week and better work
ing conditions. Such a strike will af
fect more than a million men.
As congress has not yet acted on
the Plumb plan, the railway brother
hoods are waiting. Meanwhile the
Plumb plan Is getting some very hard
knocks from Industrial and railway
experts, some of whom assert it would
Increase the cost of living. Charles
Piez says the Plumb bill is about as
bad as it could be made, adding: “As
a shipper and citizen. I should like to
be told what advantage or profit the
public will get outside of the privilege
of paying the yearly deficit.” Mr..
Plumb told the house committee on In
terstate commerce that he either had
or could procure evidence proving that
a systematized plundering of all the
railroads has been conducted under
the direction of the Morgan and Rock
efeller banking interests.
More interesting than important was
the strike of the members of the
Actors’ Equity association, which;
starting In New York, spread to Chi
cago. A number of theaters. In both
cities were forced to close their doors.
The actors demanded recognition of
their association and various reforms
In the conditions of working. The dis
pute was carried Into court by Injunc
tion proceedings.
A situation arose at the Chicago
stockyards which may teach union la
borers a lesson In the matter of ob
serving their contracts. Federal Judge
Alschuler, mediator, ruled that the
employees who quit work during the
recent race riots had violated their
pledge not to strike for one year and
thus had lost their - seniority rights.
Union officials objected violently to
this, but it seemed likely most of the
packing house workers would abide
by Judge Alschuler’s rulings, for the
present at least.
In New Yofk 1,2C0 Interior decorat
ors quit work; and representatives of
21 international building trades unions
began planning for a national strike
because of a dispute there between two
unions of plasterers.
Considerable uneasiness, not to say
anxiety, was caused in the capitals
of the allied nations by the news that
the Kolchak 'government of western
Siberia was “on the run” If not quite
collapsed. The bolshevik armies
gRined repeated victories over Kol
chak’s forces, and at last reports the
latter were hastily moving eastward.
The admiral’s plight was laid to short
age of guns and ammunition, and large
supplies of both were dispatched to
him from the United States by way of
the Pacific ocean. Whether they would
reach him inf time to save his troops
from disaster was uncertain.
Better news came from both north
and south Russia. On the Dvina a
force of British and Russians de
stroyed six battalions of bolshevlkl,
taking 1,000 prisoners and many guns
and advancing its front 12 miles. In
Vo'h.vnla the Ukrainians have taken
t'v railway center of Lutsk and the
1 yrtress of Dubno, and the bolshevlkl
also abandoned the Important city of
Vinnitza in the Ukraine. General Den
iklne’s armies were making steady
progress toward Odessa and at the
northwest corner of the Black sea
they were only 50 miles from a junc
tion with the Roumanian forces.
The Roumanians who occupied
Budapest were a stubborn lot and
flatly refused to take orders from the
allied commission there and get out
again, declaring they would remain
until a stable government was estab
lished. The peace council at Paris
was a bit flabbergasted and feared
that If Roumania were permitted to
defy Its orders, Germany and other
enemy countries might be encouraged
t<r do likewise. The Roumanians
threatened that if they were forced to
Withdraw they would strip Hungary of
everything, portable, and Indeed they
are said to be doing that now. Their
representatives In Budapest said the
only policy for Hungary was union
with Roumania under a Roumanian
king. Antonesco, the Roumanian min
ister to Paris, says Roumania does not
favor the Installation of Archduke Jo
seph in power, considering him reac
tionary. The situation was strained
but the peace council was hopeful of
ar. amicable settlement.
I According to an edict of the peace
conference, Austria is to be known
as the Republic of Austria, the word
“German” being eliminated. There
is a movement In Vienna to re-estab
lish the monarchy, but the entire
armed forces of the country, there and
In other cities, are demanding that the
republican form of government be re
After long delay, the British gov
ernment has found a man to represent
it in Washington, but only temporar
ily. Viscount Grey has agreed to fill
the post of ambassador until a perma
nent appointment has been made, early
next year. Great responsibility at
taches to the position just now, for
financial and treaty relations between
the two countries must be readjusted.
The London press predicts that he
will have some difficulties, and the
Dally News says his path will not be
smoothed by the British government's
“sustained refusal to make any ap
proach to a solution of the Irish prob
Presumably VlBcount Grey will come
over soon and will be in Washington
when the prince of Wales visits onr
national capital. That young man
landed In Newfoundland and Is now
making a triumphal tour of Canada.
The death of Andrew Carnegie re
moved one of the few survivors of an
Industrial age that has passed when
men of vision made Incredibly large
fortunes In ways that were not consid
ered reprehensible. His avowed de
sire to die a poor man was not real
ized, for though he gave away more
than $350,000,000, It is believed he left
an estate worth nearly $500,000,000.
Henry Ford’s libel suit against the
Chicago Tribune resulted in a verdict
for the pWntiff, who was awarded
nominal damages—6 cents. The trial
of the case had lasted many weeks, af
fording pecuniary profit to a few per
sons and amusement to still fewer.
United States Housing Corporation’s
Scheme to Assist Own-Your
Own-Home Committees.
The fact that plans for dwellings,
prepared by the United States Housing
corporation during war time for vari
ous government projects, are to be
made available for general public use
by the own-your-own-home section,
Information and education service,
United States department of labor, will
serve to stimulate the interest of wom
en in all parts of the country in this
Several types of houses have been
selected, and the plans for these will
be given to own-your-own-home com
mittees which are now carrying on
campaigns in more than 40 cities.
These plans are for dwellings that will
best serve the needs of average fami
lies. Beauty and utility have been
combined in the most practical manner
and the plans are capable of many va
riations. It is explained that the pur
pose is not to interfere In any way
with the work of local architects by
thus providing government plans, free
of cost, but it is expected that when
the estimates in widely separated
states are compiled the information
will be of value to prospective home
owners, while' it will afford compari
sons of the varying cost of construc
tion in many parts of the United
States. The employment of local arch
itects is advocated.
Requests that local own-your-own
home campaigns be started without
delay were sent out by the United
States department of labor to 400
cities. Letters were addressed to
mayors, labor organizations and the
clergy, as well as to clubs and other
associations that have expressed will
ingness to aid the campaigns. While
there are now 40 cities conducting well
advanced own-your-own-home cam
paigns, nearly 200 others have started
the work of stimulating building.
Writer Points Out Why Exclusively
Residence Districts Should Be Af
forded Proper Protection.
Chicago is asking the Illinois legisla
ture for a zoning law—a law that will
permit cities in Illinois to say what
part shall be reserved for residence
purposes. This is a thing that every
city in the country has some inter
est in because it Is a step in the right
direction, asserts the Davenport Times.
There must be factory and commercial
districts, of course, and there must
also be residence districts. But it Isn’t
fair to a man who has developed a
residence property, beautified the
grounds, and arranged the house to
suit him, to have all of sudden, some
sort of business concern established
next door, to the deteriment of his
home. Every city in the country has
numerous examples of just that sort of
thing. Restricting residence property
is going to become more and more the
thing as the years go by. We have a
few districts in Davenport that are
thus protected, but there are many
other districts where the people who
own homes have no protection at all
from the possibility of undesirable
construction and business enterprises
on the lots next door.
Building a House for 8unshine.
One of the problems of modern city
planning Is to get. sunshine. For ex
ample, to quote a Canadian city
planner propounding what almost
sounds like a conundrum: “How shall
a detached building be constructed and
oriented so that not only the exterior
wall surfaces, but also the surface of
the ground around them shall hnve the
direct rays of the sun for as long a
time as possible on December 21?” The
problem. It appears, can be worked
out, and has been, In the case of at
least one town, in which each house,
and even each building in the busi
ness section, is a solution of this tech
nical problem. It appears also that
the way not to do it is to follow the
long established custom of many build
ers In the north temperate zone and
square the walls of the building with
the points of the compass. The town
that gets all possible sunlight has no
north and south or east and west
streets, and the walls of its stnictures
stand at various angles with the
weather vane, if there la one, on the
church steeple.
Own a Home.
The ownership of homes makes for
the spirit of co-operation for the good
of the community, based upon full ap
preciation of the fact that no man’s
real success can be built upon the fail
ure of those arouqd him. Of the last
ing impressions that one gains upon
going to a new town are the character
of its Inhabitants and the character ol
the houses that they live in.
Roller-Skating in Business.
Roller-skating, once indulged in only
for pleasure, has now become an im
portant accomplishment in many busi
ness houses. Several large mail-order
houses in both Chicago and New York
require office boys to know how to get
about on skates, giving them a care
fully worked-out route between the
different departments.
M2m Kelly Tells How Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound Restored
Her Health.
Newarir, N. J.-^'For about three •
years I suffered from nervbos break*
ibii . | down and got so
11 If! i UOm weak I could hardly
stand, and nadnead
aches every day. I .
■'tried everything I
t could think of and '■
was under a phy
sician’s care for two
years. A girl friend
had used Lydia £.
, Pinkham’s Tege
i table Compound and
she told me about
Iit From the fL*st -
day I took itl began
.to feel better and
know I am well and :
"able to do most any
kind of work. J
have been recom
' " \ mending the uom
pound ever since and give yon my per
mission to publish this letter.”—Miss*
Flo Kelly, 476 So. 14th St., Newark,
N. J.
The reason this famous root and herb
remedy, Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable
Compound, was so successful in Miss
Kelly’s case was because it went to the
root of her trouble, restored her to a
normal healthy condition and as a result -
her nervousness disappeared.
Harry and Grace each received a
nickel with which to buy candy. They
hurried down the street to a little
shop, where the tempting array of*
chocolates in the window and the in
viting sign, “The Busy Bee," above the
door, lured them within. They made
their purchases and left. Once out
on the sidewalk, Harry held up his
sack, in which rattled wee particles of
“Busy Bee," he snorted. “No won
der they call It that If everybody who*
goes in there gets stung like we did."
—Indianapolis News.
Belgium After the War.
Statistical students of the cost of
living in Brussels show that for neces
sities the price of which may be des
ignated as 100 In April, 1914, Brussels
paid 699 in January, 1919, or nearly
• sevenfold increase. There has been
a constant drop since January, reach
ing 664 in February, 403 in March, 344
In April and 333 in May, 1919. Arti
cles not necessities have come down
from 615 in January to 406 in May,
and clothing, shoes, coal and light rep
resented by^16 in January, have drop
ped to 351 May. \
Getting Madder AM the Time.
Bobby noticed that his friend Johnny
was sitting on little Willie’s neck,
while the latter was faced to the
ground in a helpless position.
“What are you sitting on Willie
for?” demanded Bobby.
“Oh, I’m just going to sit on him till
I count a hundred, ’cause my mamma
told me to always count a hundred
when you are angry before striking
anyone, and I don't want him to get
away.” ......
Cutlcura for Sore Hand*.
Soak bands on retiring in the hot sods
of Cnticura Soap, dry and rub in Cu
ticura Ointment. Remove surplus
Ointment with tissue paper. This ia
only one of the things Cnticura will do
If Soap, Ointment and Talcum are used
for all toilet purposes.—Adv.
Perfect contentment kills all ambi
tion. No small «boy licking an ice
cream cone would change paces with
the president of the United States dur
ing that glad few minutes.
When a man marries his stenogra
pher, that is where he stops dictat
ing. _
Don’t Go From Bad to Worse!
Are you always weak, miserable and
half-sick? Then it’s time you found out
what is wrong. Kidney weakness
causes much suffering from backache,
lameness, stiffness and rheumatic
pains, and if neglected, bringB danger
of serious troubles—dropsy, gravel and
Bright’s disease. Don't delay. Use
Doan’a Kidney Pilla. They have
helped thousands and should help you.
Ask your neighbor!
An Idaho Case
Mrs. J. W. Webster,
V i 0U0 Eighth St., Lewis
tnn Tnnhn hmvm- "I
had trouble from my
kidneya of a dropsical
nature. Mornings my
hands were swollen so
l badly I could hardly
close them and my
feet were swollen, too
The flesh under my
eyes was puffed up
~ I had other an
noying symptoms of
kidney eempltlnt.
Doan's Kidney Pills
fixed me up In good
G*tD*«aWAay Star*. 60c* Box
D O AN * 8 *,““
A toilet preparation of merit.
Helps t .
pe to eradicate daqdrug.
r Restoring Colof niJ ^
ad Faded I lair.
t dfogWrta
If I PI 1# tllvU VY PI 9 Removes Corns, C*l» ’
IM'i duumm WAiRinf my. lira, dt n»i 1 or at wof*
gifts. BiMog'Cbemiesl works^Pstehogue, N. T.
» y—ontbto. BI|toBwfm»OM. BwtMnlsM.

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