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STATE LIBRARY) Carson City Daily Appea TO MAKE KNOWN THE RESOURCES OF NEVADA VOL. LVH 25 cents per week CARSON CITY, NEVADA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1920 Five cents per copy- No. 289 So M V I n n II iff TTv flf Mil HHHTC i KK lilies Never Had a Chance to Save Pris oners; Knew None of Mob All Three Hanged to Same Limb of Oak Tree in Cemetery By United JVess SANTA ROSA, Dec. 10. "I had no chance," said Sheriff Boyes. Six guns were poked in my face by the mob, while two men rushed around the coun ter and grabbed my arms, slammed me down in a chair, while one man went through my pockets until he found the master key. They then hustled me into the undersherifFs office and kept me there. Just as we were all leaving my office the telephone rang and a man with a pair of pinehers cut the wires. Every man was so masked and muffled that I would not have been able to dis tinguish even my best friends if they had been in the mob. The men de manded my keys. They were so wild that they threatened to shoot the locks off the cells if they did not get the keys to fit. All of us tried to argue with the men, but they only pointed to the picture of Jimmy Petray and said. 'Don't try to argue with us; look at that! Isn't that enough.' The whole thing happened like a streafc of light ning. I had heard rumors that a raid would come off, but I had been inform ed that I would be given a half hour to determine whether or not I would give over the prisoners without a fight. I then rushed to the jail and telephoned all my deputies. All got there with the exception of Rob Dickson, who was held up on the way at the point of a gun. All that I can say about the matter is that the organization of the mob was too well planned for any hitch in the proceedings." District Attorney Appalled District Attorney Hole, when inter viewed by the United Press this morn ing, said : "The lawlessness of .the thing is what appalls me. It now be comes my duty as district attorney to conduct an investigation to determine if possible who is responsible for this lawless act. Lynching has been feared ever since the murders were committed Sunday afternoon." California Gives Nevada a Legislative Tip The telegraph today is almost entire ly given over to the lynching last night of the three gangsters at Santa Rosa. As soon as the first telegraphic file came in to the Appeal it was posted at the Arlington hotel, and soon the en tire town was commenting on the news. So far as learned there has been but little condemnation of the act. People generally are opposed to lynching, but this case has so outraged the sensibili ties of Nevadans as well as Califor- nians- that the act of the mob is not condemned. There is a lesson for the coming leg islature in this. The people of Nevada are very tired of the indeterminate sen tence law. The constant paroling of convicts has reached a point where it menace to society. A straight sentence should be given the convicted man or women, this to be shortened by credits for good behavior. We have a case in our penitentiary at the present time. The man commit ed a cold-blooded murder. Every time the pardoning board meets his name is up for parole. Some day people will get tired fighting his release and he will go free. His lawyers say that if he is not freed soon he will be of no use to himself or society at large. He never was, even lietore his incarcera tion, so why expect that he will be if released? It is time in Nevada to cut out the sob 'stuff over those who have flagrantly transgerssed. the law, and see that a new law is passed and enforced. Ne vada people do not want the stain of a lynching bee on the state's fair name, but that is what is being led up to. IBy United Press SANTA ROSA, Dec. 10. About 100 1 armed and masked men raided the So noma county jail at 12:30 this morning, disarmed Sheriff Boyes and his depu ties and dragged Terrence Fitts, George Boyd and Charles Valento, all under indictment for. the murder of Sheriff Petray of Sonoma county and Detec tives Miles Jackson and Lester Dor man of San Francisco, from their cells and lynched them. They were all hung on the same limb of an oak tree in Odd Fellows cemetery. After the bodies had hung for an hour, swinging in a gentle breeze which was blowing a light mist around them, Sheriff Boyes and the countv coroner cut them down. Fitts Begs for Life P.oyd, ' the gangster who fired the shots that killed the three officers, went to his death with hardly a murmur. He was dying gradually from a bullet wound inflicted by Detective Miles Jackson after the latter was mortally wounded. Valento walked to his place under the death limb with a laugh for his executioners on his lips. He laughed in their faces when taken from tlie jail. Fitts, known as the bully of the gang, screamed and cried like a child and plead for his life. At the scene of the lynching he became so vio lent and screamed so loudly that he was struck over the head with the butt of a gun and quieted. The lynchers were with rifles in their hands and revolvers strapped to the outside of their over coats were stationed at the four street corners leading to the county jail. All pedestrians and autoists approaching the jail were stopped and turned in oth er directions. When the band, armed heavily, rushed into the jail they were met by Sheriff-John Boyes and Jailer Jewitts, Deputy Sheriff Robinson and Ike Lindley, a former policeman. With guns thrust against' their stomachs the jailer, Jcwett, was made to hand over the cell keys. Quick Work Not over fifteen minutes was requir ed to carry out the purpose of the or ganized citizens' mob. Automobile headlights were used to light the way and direct the operation of hanging the three men. After waiting until they knew their work was completed, the members of the mob took their way in a dozen directions, showing that it was the work of the citizens of the entire county. Men Had Records All three of the lynched men were former convicts. Boyd had served two terms; Fitts three terms and Valento one. The three had been identified as having been members of the crowd who carried on the assaults at the Howard street house. Considering the magnitude of the clean-up Santa Rosa is comparatively Governor Stevens Passes Respon sibility To County Authorities By United Press I noma countv," Governor Stephens de- SACRAMENTO, Dec. 10.-"A sol-1.. , . ' - a sfatement :sW de. enin obligation to oe;u a:equaiciy wuu f the members of the Inching band now devolves upon the au.horities of So- J sters at anta Kosa. ' ploring the lynching of the three gang- The "Black and Tans;" Who and Why Told By Webb Miller, United Press staff enterprising, restless and reckless young correspondent. men more or less on their beam ends, ft r i . i LONDON. Nov. 22. by mail-Much a reanny jumpea at mc pros- has been heard of the "Black and Tans organized perfectly. Masked guards quiet following the hanging. Silver City Continues Mucin of Treasure "The Passing of the Oklahoma Outlaws Government Agents Walk Into Jaws of Death to Capture Bandits The United States government pays 1 $50,000 for the capture, dead or alive, of the Doolin gang, Bill Dalton, Bill Doolin, Al Jennings, Rose of the Cam eron, Little Breeches, Cattle Annie, Henry Starr and many others. See William Tilghman, Bud Ledbet ter, Chris Madsen and posse walk into the very jaws of death and drive the outlaws out of Oklahoma. Facts, not fiction. A film sensation. A picturization of law and justice in thrilling action, revealing with dramat ic attractiveness and the utmost clarity Oklahoma's desperate and successful sweeping of outlawry from within her borders, will come to the C and C theater and be presented with the freshness of a perfectly new product on tonight and tomorrow's matinee. "The Passing of the Oklahoma Outlaw" is its title, which speaks truth. The picture s no novelized version oi dramatic incidents, but a reproduc Silver City, which probably produces more gold than any camp in western Nevada, is also the least known to the other sections of the state. While a lot of booms have started and died out, and many more will be on the stampeed line, it remains for Silver City to keep on producing gold. exhibited from Nevada came from Sil ver City and a few such specimens yet remain in private collections. At least two specimens can be found in this city, and thev in mint value would be a tidy sum That there is something doing in this pioneer camp can be judged from the Situated down the canyon below the i following in the Virginia Chronicle tion of actual events as they transput ed It' is no pretty story written to glorify or exalt any person, but a picture nar rative of men and events and scenes that form part of the record of Okla homa's early history. It is a picture for youth to see, for it dissoWts any Jialo .that may surround criminality and shows the criminal as he really exists oppressed by a crown of thorns upon his brow. "The Passing of the Oklahoma Out law" shows in reality the historically recorded passing of the outlaw from that state. It shows officers of the law, grim, determined, relentless, pur suing without thought of halt men who preyed upon other's rights and proper ty. It shows these officers victorious, as law must always be, and the even tual disgrace and humiliation and suf fering and tragic death or imprison ment of outlaws. Matinee Saturday at 1 :30 p.' m. Comstock and the scene of some of the first prospecting in Nevada, this old camp keeps a string of mills running, while since the first days leasers have been extracting ore. Probably no one will ever know the entire amount of gold produced in this camp, as leasers take it to the best market, pay their royalties and many have retired from active operation with comfortable fortunes. It is safe to say that more comfortable fortunes to in dividuals have come from Silver City than any camp in Nevada. It was among the first to start a leas ing program. The original workings were skimmed by the big corporations and when big business could not make a go the leasers came in. During the past twenty-five years or more leasers Jiave been practically the only miners working in the district. Some of the richest specimen ore ever There is much mining activity throughout the district at the present time, ore extraction and ore shipments ' being made to various mills from nu merous properties, including H. P. Ker vin from the Willemma mine; Murphy & Byers from their claim; Henry Ben netts and Ed Colqhoun from Midas; John Yocimelli and Hugo Tegli from their claim; Stock & Windisch; John Marchi at the Cook & Gray; E. J. Jur ick from the Silver Hill dumps; Hickey & Hardwick from the Oest; S. L. Cain from the St. Louis, and Jolese Lawson, high grade ore from his mine. P. J. Corcoran and partner are hauling ore to the McTigue mill. Dr. Hodgins has a crew of men working on his claims Messrs. Fraser, Spillman and Bray of Reno were recent visitors looking over the various mining properties of the camp. F. Windisch continues active work at the Justice mine." Died In Florida Word was received in this city yes terday announcing the death of the father of C. C. Cottrcll. As Mr. Cot trell is on his way east Jo attend a high way meeting an endeavor was made to reach him by telegraph. To Spend Holidays With Relatives Mrs. Mary Cowing departed for Reno last evening having in charge two of the children from the Orphans' Home, who are to visit with relatives during the Christmas .vacation. in the chaotic war of assassinations, ambushes and reprisals in Ire'and, but probably few people abroad have much information as to who and what ihese men are. The official title of the corps is the Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary, and they were organized when the supply of recruits for the R. I. C. began to fail. The R. I. C, long famous as one of the most efficient bodies of semi-military police in the world, was formerly exclusively com posed of Irishmen. Men of magn-ficent physique, and superior intelligence, they ranked much higher than the ordinary policeman, and in the better-class Irish farmer families it was a subject for pride that they had a son in the R. C. Equally efficient as cavalry or infant ry, and armed with swords, rifles, bay onets, revolvers, clubs and hand-gren ades, the R. I. C. rarely had much trouble with the most turbulent Irish mobs. Only on rare occasions did they need any other weapon than their clubs, and a couple of these hardy horse-men would break up an ugly mob of con testants without doing more damage than cracking a head or two. And' the people thus clubbed bore no malice; in fact, the R. I. C. were generally well liked. Knowing that they could never stir up much bitterness against this for midable force, the Sinn Fein extremists set themselves to breaking it up by per suasion, intimidation and finally assas sination, borne, they reasoned with on patriotic grounds, and secured a few resignations, while a strenuous propa ganda campaign, coupled with actual intimidation and boycotting, prevented many young men joining who would otherwise have done so. The recent open campaign of assassination natur ally weakened the morale of the force, especially as a boycott was rigidly en forced against the wives, relatives and known friends of the members of the R. I. C. With the supply of recruits cut off, the Bitish authorities realized that bold steps had to be taken, especially as there was no time to train imported re cruits to R. I. C. standards. They ac cordingly formed the Auxiliary Divis ion and particularly appealed to Eng lish ex-officers and soldiers, well-train ed in the use of arms, scouting, and disciplined. The late war left many Advertise in the Appeal. I Ti-t 4if triurf 'Vilt itm-nt with tVl at tractive and unusually high pay of one pound a day, with uniform, equipment and all found. The authorities were able to take their pick from thousands of volunteers, and probably the world has never seen a more formidable body of war-wise dare-deveils enlisted. Nat. tirally it was these men who, feeling themselves scouting in an enemy coun try and carrying' their lives in their hands, were responsible for most of the reprisals. The nick-name "Black and Tans" was given them in derision, when the authorities, not being quite sure how they were going to uniform them, and not having sufficient R. I. C. uniforms in stock, fitted them out partly in the dark green (almost black) of the par ent corps and partly in ordinary army khaki. The sneer that these half-black. half-brown-clad men resembled the snappy little liack-ana-tan terrier was soon stifled and '"Black and Tan" is now a name of terror. Mostly, how. ever, the "Black and Tans" wear ordi nary badges, except for the black ac coutrements and bandoliers of the R. I. C. and lately a Scotch "bonnet" with a white St. Andrews cross as badge, in stead of the regulation cap Other forces in Ire'and, apart fom the ngular Isritish troops, arc the Li ef Wduntetrs, a '.rc? formed by the .. M ist leader, Sir Edward Carson, in 1913 to resist the passage of Home Rule. This again is a decidedly dan gerous army, numbering some 150,000 men, many of whom are well trained, having served in the recent war. The 36th Ulster Division in France was chiefly recruited from Carson's Ulster Volunteers. The Irish Nationalist Volunteers, originally formed as a reply to the Ul ster Volunteers, have mostly been ab sorbed by Sinn Fein and constitutes the Irish Republican Army." These again are a formidable organization as many have seen war with the 35th National ist Division in France. Those without war experience have been drilling and training for four years and if they could only obtain some artillery, there can be no doubt that an open rising would follow immediately. Ail the Na. tionalists however, have not gone over to Sinn Fein. So far the Ulster Volunteers arc not officially in arms, but the numerous outbreaks in Belfast, Londonderry and other parts of Ulster prove that they are ready to spring to arms at once. Nevadans Named At the meeting of the United Stock Growers' Association in Salt Lake City, where twelve western states met to se lect officers and map a program for the future, R. C. Turritin and Vernon Met- calf, both of Reno, were named as offi cers, the former Itcing selected as pres ident and the latter as secretary. T oo Advertise in the Appeal if you wish for results.