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BATTI A<) MO U N'T1 A I\ NK V AI) a No. 9 TOE CENTRAL IEVADAI. PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY DENNIS & ELLSWORTH. TKKMB OF »I BM< KIPTIO*. One Year.$6 00 Six Months. 3 00 HATH* OF ADVEBTIHhB. On# Square, ten lines, firs nsertion.|3 00 Each subsequent insertion. 1 fit) Orders for Subscription, Advertising, and Jab Work, will receive prompt at ten ton. Authorize A Agents. C. W. CRANE, 318 Hr.o Street, Room 19, ■an Francisco, California. L. 1*. FISHER, Room 21 Merchant's Ex change, 8an Francisco, Cal. GEO. M. MOTT, Nos. 42 and 44 J street, Sacramento, is our only agent in that city. GEO. P. ROWELL & CO., 10 hpruce street, Rew York City, New York. CUAS. K MILLER 4 CO., No. 2 Tribune Building, Chicago, Illinois. The above agents are authorized to collect mone>s due thu MnssKXOKB, take orders for advertising, solicit subscribers and attend to any other business for us that may be connected wuli his titlee. So.entitle MUcallauv. It has been proven to the French Association for tlie Advancement of Science that the surgical operation of trepanning was practiced in prehis toric ages. Dr. Sephns 'Tromholt, of Norway, is about preparing a catalogue of all the auroras which have been ob served in Northern Europe from tho earliest times. Tho re-planting of forests in North western India has already made it self beneficially felt, according to Sir (i. Birdwnod, in increasing the rain fall of various districts. The deep sea Crustacea, acccord ing to Prof. Moseley, either have very large eyes or are eyeless, and there must In- a source of light in the deep sea. That source, he eiaiins, is phos phoresenee, but its light must he very dim. The little living worms which have been most unexpectedly discov -red in ieo are dcscrilied by Prof. I.eidy as Is-ing white or colorless, and from one-fourth to one-six' i of an inch long by onc-sev nty-liftii of tin inch in thickness, the species being un known. A Swedish naturalist, >'r. Wills, has investigated tho strength of va rious kinds of sea weed to resist drains, such as are caused by the swell of the sea. lie finds that sea weeds are very strong and elastic, the parts which ordinarily lie lowest in tlio water being capable of bearing tlie greatest strain. According to Sir Trevor Lawrence, M. I’., there is a collector of oichids in England who employs fourteen tiersons—nearly all Gorman natural ists, and each costing at suit $0,000 a year—to search for different s|s'cies und varieties in different parts of the world, lie has twoacresof the plants under glass, and bis total annual ex penditure on orchids is nearly $100, To provo that l>r. Kwh’s “comma bacillus" is not the cause of cholera, und that the vomit of cholera pa tients is not infectious, a French physician has swallowed some pills made from the vomit of a person w ho died from cholera. He was only slightly affected, if at all, Imt two guinea pigs and a dog w hich were in oculated with the same vomit suc cumbed at once. A Horace or Pork Watch.—In a communication to the French Acad emy of Science, Mons. A. II. de Vil leneuve has urged the im|x)rt:inee of using distilled water for drinking pur poses, and has suggested that the cost may Is- greatly reduced by using that obtainable from steam engines. He asserts that it is not unpalatable and eontains sufficient air, while the absenee of lime saltH is an advantage. Protected Son..—A German ex perimenter, Prof. E. Wollny. has found that soil covered with living herbage or dead vegetable (matter is colder in summer and warmer in win ter than hare soil under otherwise similar conditions. The difference of temperature is greatest in summer and least in spring and autumn. Karo |soil heats more ipiiekly in the spring and cools more quick ly in uutumu than that covered with living or dead vegetable matter. Hoots Turned Aside by Gases.— It has been demonstrated by Dr. liana Molisch that roots of plants may ho deflected from their normal direction by exposure on one side to certain gases. If such gases are in moderate quantities the roots bend away from their source; if in larger quantities, towards such source. The side of the root exposed to the action of the gas grows nioro strongly than the other. Eartiiuuakr Velocities.—In ex periments by Profs. Milne and Gray it has been determined that normal earthquake waves are transmitted, through hardonod mud at the rate of -437 feet per second, and traverse waves at 357 feet per second. Mallett's earlier experiments allowed that earthquakes traverse sand and at a speed of 835 feet, jointed granite 1,300 feet, and solid granite 1,(105 feet per second. Prof. Ewing considers the last number to be very much too small. FIGHT FOR LIFE. A Thrilling Story of Winter Life In Dakota. At the time of which I write I was a settler in Dakota, north of the Northern l'acific road. One day in December 1 went to a neighboring town to transact some business in connection with my farm. At two o'clock 1 started off for tnv fifteen miles’ drive due north. Every thing went well at first—the team jogged along at a good pace, know ing that they were going home, and I hardly noticed that the wind had lulled until 1 saw a heavy bank of clouds ahead of roe. I felt sure that this indicated a change in the weath er and made up my mind to get home as quickly hn possible. The horses responded to my call in a cheerful manner, and rattled along at a good pace. I suddenly remem bered that I had brought no overcoat or rugs w ith me, and had even ne glo< ted to bring my gloves. The clouds in the north suddenly liegau to rise and grow blacker and blacker, and a cool wind came sweeping down. In a few minutes the whole sky was overcast with dense clouds, and a fine dusty snow was soon filling the atmosphere ami wilting into every part ol my clothing. I was convinced that this was a “blizzard,” and from its appearance it promised to be one of the worst kind. Every minute the skv got darker and the wind blew fiercer, and every moment the cold increased and the blinding snow came thicker. I was now thoroughly aroused to my danger. I knew that if I ilid not reach some house in a short time that 1 should he lost on the prairie, and probably freeze to death. 1 could not locate my exact position from memory, and to see was impossible, as in the blinding snow 1 could barely find the true a before mo. 1 reckoned that at thu rate I was traveling I must have come ten miles oat of th.' lateen, and I knew there was no eh..me n! being able to reach home in it night, for even if the team could have kept the track I should have Irozen in thu wagon. The wind was now howling and shrieking like a thousand d •nions, and ev -ry demon voice in that i \ir fli 1 wind seemed to scream out for the possession oi my little lo-t self. The terror of iny position s"etne 1 to make nie even colder, and us I s..t shivering and shaking in me storm l remembered that a n ■ n dang r had arisen, lor the n -xt l'e ding would ho a sense of calm ness and repose, indi cating sleep, and before it was ever lastingly ton lat - I made up my mind to get out oi the wagon and try to will a by the side and lead tne horses, so us to keepmyself awake. lint an other danger now arose; the snow was drifting into every little hollow and piling against every little ridge. The horses were unite blinded hv the storm, and refused togoahead. They turned around w ith their tails to the w ind, and tried to run with the storm. My lingers were numbed by the most fearful pain I had ever experienced, and my . ars were ringing with the frost. There was no time to ho lost. Seiz in u’ hold of the horses’ heads I held them while trying to rein ‘mber about what part 1 was in. The extreme l>eril of my position seemed to quick en my faculties, and I judged that 1 must not be fur from a certain hay stack that I had sci 11 in a slight hol low and drove past in the morning. As the darkness of the night had not quite set in, 1 thought 1 could (>cr liaps manage to discover that hay stack, and then 1 could pull out enough hay to cover myself, or per haps creep into the stack itself. It w as a last desperate effort, and I made up my mind to try it. Ity carefully leading the horses along the ridge, 1 tried to note every little hollow on the left hand side. For a long time 1 discovered nothing to reward me for my effort, and the night was fast coming on, while the cold grow more intense and the wind howled fiercer than ever. Suddenly 1 thought 1 noticed a slight lull in the elements, as though something had broken the force of the wind for tiie moment, which could only he caused hy some building or hay-slack. 1 immediately led the team to what 1 hoped was the hay-stack, and was delighted to find that 1 soon ran full tilt up against the very thing 1 was looking for. Hy dint of very great effort I man aged to unhitch the horses and let them run loose. 1 thought it was only fair to give them their foil lib erty and let them run home if they could find the way. And now the main trouble arose. I found l could not pull out enough hay to make a covering for myself, and my hands wore becoming so be numbed that 1 was hardly able to do anything. Hy this time tin? darkness of night had set in, and to the othi * terrors was added the ■•ertainty tlni? 1 must soon succumb to the fatal drowsv feeling that was stealing over me. 1 wanted to get on the lee side of the stack and lie down out of flic wind and sleet. It was by a most determined effort that 1 roused my self and strove to think how 1 could save my life. Again the exigency of the danger seemed to sharpen my wits, and I saw that my sole chance lay in setting tire to tno stack and warming myself by its (lames. My lingers were so benumbed and painful that 1 could with difficulty nml my matched. There were only a few in tlio box, I discovered, and llio danger of not lieingable to get a light in such a furious wind made me more nervous than ever. 1 knew that 1 must set it afire from the leeward side or the fire would not last long, for if it had the wind to fan it there would be no chance of its continuing till morning, so 1 tried to light it from the sheltered side. 1 first of all pulled out enough hay to make a little pile, and then 1 carefully struck a match by rubbing it on ray trousers. For tunately the first one was enough, and I soon was surrounded by a nice blaze. The flames increased rapidly, and 1 thought the whole stack would soon bo consumed, but luckily the snow that had collected on the sides and th■■ top melted as the tire ajs prunched them, and in this way part ly subdued the rapid spread. In about a quarter of an hour I felt thoroughly warmed through and through, except my feet and hands, These extremities 1 now knew w. : frozen, hut how much they were frozen I was unable to tell. The heat thawed the snow from the ground, and 1 was aide to and on the ban prairie sod. After a little n-M i pulled a lot of hay, and, placing it in a I.cap, sat down and waited for the dawn. When 1 look back at it now it seems like a hideous nightmare. Surely iic*''i wuliiem ni'ir e 'iriuiiii'' jxiHitioii for a human being, and surely tin* means to savo a li:e were justified. Hut at-the time the fact of eetting another man’s stack on fire never struck mo as being unreason able. [ sat and watched the greedy flames dart and flare up with the most intense interest. My only hojie was that the fire might not go out. Toward morning the last vestige of hay was gone, anil nothing remained but the embers. As a last resource I was compelled to stir up the ashes and stand in the midst of the last re mains of the fire. I was at times al most choked by the fumes as they were whirled by the furious wind into my face When daybreak came at last I looked round in the gathering light and thought 1 saw a shanty’down the “shea ,!i” (valley). As the light in creased I was a .In to see clearly, amid the still falling snow, that it was a house. 'Idle farm i received ine with every ! ospitality. He would not listen to my circling to pay for the stack, but seemed delighted to think tiiat it had saved a human life from a painful d-atb. lie drove me home a'i -r breakfast, where we found my horses lying l> core my stable door, both frozen to death. Mi’.shroo i l*oisonino.—During last summer fifteen jiersoos were killed in France by eating fungi which w.-re believed to be the edible mushroom. Tlu* fungus eaten in some of the cases was of a kind which is ordinar ily wholesome, but which develops poisonous qualities under certain conditions. In cooking a common test for poison is a piece of silver, which theory assorts will become blackened when placed in the ves sel containing the poisonous forms of fungi. This lest bus proven to bo unreliable, as in several of these ■Tench cases it was applied an 1 the silver remained unatTecte 1, while the mushrooms killed tlio.se who ate them. 1IIK I MSSOI.VINO ( UNTINCATS.—K«< sides tin* vast quantities of solid nar ticlos which arc washed from tlio land into the sea—reducing tho height of the entire Mi-si-sipni basin at tle V-ti.ei lied rate of one a ot in 6,000 years—much matter is dis solved by the water, and carried away in a state in which it ordinarily escapes notice. From data furnisned by tie Mississippi, th l.a i'lata, the Amazon and the St. Lawrence, Mr. T. Mel la rd Koade, an English geolo gist who has devoted much attention to the chemical denudation of the earth’s surface has calculated that the whole American oontin"tit is losing in this way an avoragt of 100 tons per square mile each year. Similar results have been obtained for Eu rope, leading Mr. Heude to infer that the whole of the land draining into the Atlantic Ocean from America, Africa, Knroi>;' and Asia contributes matter in solution which, if reduced to rock at two tons to the cubic yard, would equal one cubic mile every six years. _ _ What N uuilow of Meals? llespeeting the numlier of meals one ought to patronize, that must bo regulated by want and habit. To digest well, it is necessary that the stomach should have completely dealt with the (previous m l How - ever, feeble and deliea ■ omaclis have need to eat hut little ui a time, though frequently. Also, to make an intelligent selection of those aliments which refresh, heat and sustain. The aliment which digests best is the most, suitable. Digestion is hut the pief erenee of tho stomach for something it likes, the attruction of suitable in gredients; it is the sustaining of our organs and their tissues, and if the stomach he healthy and well-consti tuted, its instinct wifi never he at fault. “Strawberries and cream make me sad,” said Madame du Pefland, hut they agreed w ith her not the less. An Illinois woman has put an in junction on her husband's body, pre venting her father-in-law from disin terring it. I-effeml of tbn Client Dipper, Tlio faces of tho stars sliono so brightly, one night, that the earth children thought the Mamma Moon telling a pretty story, and so Blie was was, and this is the story : “The great dipper, which you, my dear children, re love to form, has a deep meaning, which you are not to forget as long as the stars shine. 1 tell you the story as often as you ask it, and your asking makes me quite as happy as my telling can make you. “See the dear baby stars running to make a small dipper like theirohl er sisters!” said the Lady Moon soft ly to the great Mars, who leaned over her chair as she spoke.* “In another world than ours,” cor, tfnued the Lady Moon, “there was a great trouble. No; it was not in the earth- wo rid, my dear,” she said to a tiny star, who always asked ques tions. “It was not not in the Heaven world either, hut in another far-away world where many children lived. For som > good reason, which only the Father knows, tho people and children, the animals, and every liv ing thing were suffering great thirst; no water, nor dew, nor drop of moist ure could they find anywhere. il was very norriDie, ana uie peo ple were very near to death. “A little child of that world went out alone in the dry, dark night, car rying a little tin dipper, and prayed very earnestly ior just that littie cup of water; and when she lifted the cup, it was brimming with clear, cold water, which would not spill, though she ran rapidly, her hand trembling with her faintness; for she did not ; taste the water, having prayed for another’s need. As site ran site j stumbled and fell; tor she was very weak, and when feeling about, trying to rise she touched a" little dog that seemed to ho dying of its thirst, and j the good child poured a few drops of the precious w ater in the calm of her i hand, and let the dog lap it. He seemed as much refreshed as if lie 1 had drank from a river. The child could not sec in the dark what l.aje pened to her cup: but we saw ui sang for joy ; the cup turned to silver ; and grew larger, the water not hav : ing become iuss, but more, by her giving. “She hurried on to give the water to one who wa < guite unable to come tomcat her- none other than her own dear mamma, who took the water eagerly, us one in a deadly fever of thirkt, hut without putting it to Iter lips, for sh' lu . nl just then a we..k nm i, which came from her faithful servant, who tried to lalse her mis trr •’ it id, but found she hail not I Hie strength. Th? mother pressed the d- 3 r into the hands of the maid and u.uule her drink, feeling iter owl life so wash 1 that one Hide cup of water ; could not renew it. And neither maid servant or mother noticed that the 1 dipper changed from silver to gold, and grew larger than before’. The ; good servant w; s hunt to give each j member of the family one spoonful of the precious water, when a stranger elite, ed, dressed in a cos I tunic unknown in that country,apeak* ! ing m a strange tongue, but shove,ug ! the same si as of thirst and dietre.-s I its im m. 1 inn. a iiv- ui.u'.rnu j said: “ Sarredjure the needs of the 1 stranger in a strange land,’ and pressed tho dipper to tlie patched lips | of the fainting man. “Then the great wonder was l wrought, and the golden dipper I flashed forth incrusted with the most precious diamonds containing a foun I tain of gushing water which supplied | the thirsting nation as freely and I surely as it quenched the thirst of the little dog. Then the stranger said: ‘Blessed is he that giveth a cup of water in my name.’ “And the po - v on of a dipper j blazing with diamonds is in that country a sure badge of royalty; for no one can buy or receive one as a I gift, nor can fathers bequeath them j to children. “Kneli child is given a tin dipper at its birth, and only by purely unsel fish nets can tho diamond one be w rough t. “Some of (lie foolish people have not yet learned its secret, and they go about seeking to exchange their tin for silver by doing kind things. Sometimes tliev accuse the Father of I All very bitterly, because they grow old possessing only tUo tin dipper; for the secret of the exchange can uo more be told than the beautiful, flash ing, sparkling diamonds can be pur chased. “Sometimes there are great sur prises when people give up the hope of such a possession and forget them* I selves, for then they often find tho cast away tin bearing evidence in sil ver, gold, or even diamonds, that somehow they have become royal; but by that time they have no vanity because of their fortune. Only mod est, thankful, brave, happy feelings possess the owners of diamond dip pers.” The Lady Moon now lifted a white finger toward tho oast, which was growing rosy, an 1 the baby stars all knelt a moment, looking like while robed nuns at prayers. Then tho morning wind swept aside the great blue silken euitaiti of the sky, anil the Mamma Moon followed her chil dren into heaven, to do or play what ever the Father had planned for them while they were out shining for llis earth-children. still Lower, Paradis, flour is now selling at $3.”o per hundred at Lemaire’s. PARSERS’ MILL IMBMIIHE, M/I IDA. aims NEW MILL, WITH THE LATEST Improved and hrst machinery, ia now prepumi to till all order* for Flour, Shorts, .AND r^iZaX. sra-'criE^ETSS A full ri.pply of which is kept constantly on hand by A. D. LE11AIRE At Rattle Mountain, Nev., FOR SALE AT Wholesale and Retail, £J7'Orders from a distance will receive prompt attention. tfjrAddrt.ua all orders and communication* MOTT d POTT IvI.L, I'tiratlhr, or A. n. I.RM.4IE!!:, Inutile .tlouJluhis Nffadfl. RAILROAD MEAT MARKET, RRINSDEN 11ROS., PuoritiEiocs. Having rented this old stand, we are now prepared to furnish tlie public with first-class CCHNED BEEF MUTTON, Which will he sold at the lowest pos Bible rates. The patronage of the public is respect fully solicited. D. s \Y sor igt. fur <) c uni Schwiein. Deni Meiiacheiu „.ib er Dierund Wein DA'«VL£ MOUNTAIN, NEVADA the undersigned having rofUied the iiId UNION BREWERY, and en gaged ihc servLos of a FIRST CLASS liRKWER, is now prepared to furnish his customers and the pub lic in general with a good article oi Draught or Bottled BEER BOTTLED BEER A SPECIALTY Saloons and families will do wul to give it a trial. Beer will l.»u duiiv ered to customers in B title Mounts in and vicinity free of charge, and is for sale by the gallon, quart or glass at the Brewery. MATT. J. STAHL, Proi*. SPRING STOCK ....OF..., NEW GOODS JCST OPENED AT A. D. LEMAIRE’S P.TWO STORY NEW BRICK. CONSISTING OF EVERYTHING TO TB FOUND in a General Merchandise Store. SEIUNC AT REDUCED PRICES. NEW GOODS! LOW PRICES!! Oar Roods are not shelf-worn. They are direct from Imoorter's hands, consisting of CLOTHING, LOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS Mining Implements, HARDWARE CROCKERY. GLASSWARE (JESTS’ FINISHING GOODS, GROCERIES .AND. PROVISIONS, DRY GOODS, Lwro'EraLonrs &o. EXAMINE AND YOU WILL PURCHASE 'xsa_Wo know you can be pleased Biriuess permanently located Remember the Place! JAMES MUHIRY^ -DL« L'.ii IN*-'-* DBY GOODS, L GROCERIES, CLOTHING, Hats, and Caps, BOOTS and SHOES, Mining Supplies. —ALSO— WINES, LIQUORS AND CICARS. BULLION, NEV. Tlie above feiisineM i* for nale cheap for cash For terms enquire ol the proprietor. tobfl Chong Sing & Co., -DEALEEi IN CHINESE MERCHANDISE -AND Cor.trartors for China Labor BATILE V'OlUrAlN, NKV.