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THE ELKO INDEPENDENT
VOLUME 48 _ ELKO, NEVADA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1913 NUMBER 38 K'om Wednesday's Daily. BOMB MAILED TO GEN. H. G. OTIS BY A NEW CRANK A dispatch from Los Angeles says that an infernal machine was sent through the maila yesterday to General Harrison Gray Otis, publisher and proprietor of the Los Aaieles Times. Apparently the bomb was discovered in time to prevent any serious conse quences. It was Gen. Otis bitter hatred of and twenty five yenre flkht against union labor that led to the blowing up two years ago ot his paper, the Time*, and the killing of 21 people. The Me Namnra brothers are now paying their penalty Tor the crime. It wee believed that with the im prisonment of the McNamaras that further violence toward General Otis or hia property would ceaae, but yesterday's bomb Indicates hos tilites hava again been resumed. The bomb^is presumably from aome of Otis'a enemies. SMALL FIRE 1CDAY IN PIONEER RUIL0IN6 A amall Are was discovered this forenoon among the rubbish in one of the rooms on the second floor of the Pioneer building. Some paper was afire when discovered but the blase was quickly extin guished before any great damage had been done. The Are depart ment turned out but ita services were not needed. refugees Teach u. s Over 100 refugees from Mexico: reached San Diego, Cal this morn ing on the U S Cruiser Buffalo. They said they had suffered more from hunger than bullets while in Mexieo. TWO TRAMPS JAILED This forenoon Officer Fernald brought three tramps before Jus tice Caatlc on a vagrancy charge. Two wsro given thirty days in jail. The third w?a floated ont of town. SHERIFF CLOSES SALOON Sheriff Harris left tnis morn ing for De?th where he will close the saloon of Staton and Parker whoa* license was revoked by the county Commissioners yesterdav. WHITE SLAVERS SENTENCEO In the United States District Court in San Franciaco today Judge Van Fleet pronounced sentence on Diggs and Caminctti who had been eonvirted as white alavers. Dig^a who wan the ringleader in the Reno escapade win sentenced to two ycara in San Quentin prison ?nd fined I2.00Q. Caminetti was sentenced to a year and a half in San Quentin atid Hned $1,600. GOOD ROADS ASSURED ? r Attorney F S Oedney. good romls enthusiast, today announced that 1604 had been miaed In Elko and Wella for the repairing of the road at White Hnuae for a eonaid ?table diatance and the erection of ? bridge arroM Rock Creek at that point. Lander county and Wlnne mucca citizens have raised $600 ?nd thia with Elko'e fund will cov er. the improvementa now under way. EDITOR STENIN6ER RETTER E M Steninger of the Free Preaa who underwent an operation for ?ppendicitia in a San Francisco hoepital several daya ago ia report* ?d to kc on tha road to recovery. Today his condition ia niueh Im proved. NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS The Board of Equalization of Elko County, Stat* of Nevada, will convene for further proceedings at the hour of 10 a. re of Monday, the 22nd day of September, 1913, in ordfr to receive and act upon the complainta of those taxpayer* who might otherwise be prejudiced hy the delay in publication of the tax liat. By order of the Board. Fred C Voight, County Clerk and Ex-Officio Clerk of the Board of Equalization. (SEAL.) 6RAY TO LIVE IN RENO According to the Reno Gazette, United Statee Martha! A B Gray who came in from Deeth last night is making preparations to move to Reno and expects within a short time to give up the lease which he h^s held on a farm in the Starr Valley, near Deeth which has only until the first of the year to run. . Mr Gray said today that great interest is being exhibited in Elko over the recent strike by leasers in the camp of Bullioa, 30 milen out. He brought a good-sized sample o i the silver-lead ore Reno. The property has had persistent hacking by Fied Davis and A J He- I Bride of Elko who have continued work on a long tunnel month after month. The strike is in n shorter tunnel well above the company work. The veins appear to be ex- 1 tensive. Charles Mayor of the May?*r Hotel company at Elko took samples end secured four assays' the lowest $38 a ton and the high-' est $190 a ton. Fruits, -egctables, grain, hay, and alfalfa of Nevada will be ex hibited next week in Keno at the State Fair to refute the prevailing opinion that the Sagebrush State is barren and unproductive waste. And beside there will be samples < f gold, silver, copper, and other ores taken from mining properties now producing to show the state ia not a "ban been" mining camp, with the best of the high grade ?id workable ore taken out. As an added and chief attrac tion there will he aix days of the best horse raeing ever aeen in the atate, more than 100 horses being entered to compete for the various large purses offered by the man agement. The race horaes com prise the best in Nevada and scores of others from nearby states. The race track naa been put in the pink of condition by the management and ia the fastest it ever has been. The grandstand and buildings in tha fair grounds have been repair ed and painted, and are in first elasa condition. Special railroad rataa will be effective for persons desiring to go to Reno for fair week. From Wednesday's Daily MORE STAMPS TO CONFUSE Washington, Sept 17 ? Beginning today the United State Postoffice Department will sell to the publie pre-eancelled postage stamps. The stamps have printad on them the j name of the postoffics before they are sold. Such stamps will be valid for postsge on second, third and i fourth class mail and merchandise or parcel post matter but not on letters or other sealed mail mat ter. The stamps will be r cogniz ed only at the office named on then. "I am convinced that the loss hy the re-use or fraudulent use of such stamps will be negligible" says Postmaster-General Burleson, as i compared with the great saving in expense and the increase in the efficiency to be effected by their use. J T Ellis of Skeleton is an Elko visitor today. W EGray of Tuscarora is in town today. Justice H U Castle today receiv ed an elaborate filing case for the records and papers of his office. Heretofore he has been greatly in convenienced on account of a place to file his records. The new case wa? purchased by the county. ? ? mm m m -mm GARLIN NEWS W. J. Wilson, of Elko was greet ing old friends in Carlin Sunday. Mrs W J Wilson of Elko was a Carlin viaitor Thursday. Mrs Mary Brakey of Mistonea, Mont, is visiting her sisters Mrs W F Linebarger and Mrs J Jones. Mr and Mrs J W Scott and fam ily will laave for Las Vegas, Maw Mexico, where they will visit rela tives. Little Wilma Critrhley is on the sick list. Mrs Zermia Lir.ebarger viaitei frienda in Elko Saturday. Mrs T J Critchley of Elko is vis iting Mr and Mrs W Critchley. Eric Pearee laft for Sacramento. Cal, Monday, where he will visit his parents. Mrs A Altenbery, of Battle Mountain, Nav., ia the guest of Mrs Dan Thompson. Mrs B H Hill leaves for Sacra mento tonight where she expects to make her futuro home. Miss Nellie Young, of Tuscarora, left for Keno last night, where she will take a course in nursing, George Whalen leaves tonight for a visit in Salt Lake City. Hoy and Elmer Koseberry of Tuscarora returned from a trip in (he east last night. F J Earles of Deeth ia here on business. Walter Jones of North Fork is in Elko today. J F O'Bryna of Jarbidge is a guest at tha Elko Hotel. From Thursday's Daily UN ELKO liiVENTOR J F O'Bjrne a mining engineer of Jarhidge ia in towt for a few davs. Mr O'Byrne ia tha Investor and patentee of a nolseleis type writer. It is said to he a wonder ful piece rf me?h?nism and experts have pronounced it to be the best thing in the typewriter fleld. The inventor leaves today for Ogden to meat Frauk W Powar of Spring field, Mass. to conclude negotiations for the sale of tha pHtent for the sum of tea thousand dollars. If it proves to ba what the iaventor believes it will revolutionize the typewriter industry. Now if some body will invent a noiseless opera tor our cup of happiness will b full to overflowing From Thursdays Daily SENATOR NEWUND'S FINAL SPEECH ON THE TARIFF Senior Senator Says His Fight Has B*?o Strictly Within Party. Votes With HU Party on all Amend ments and Final Paiujo Washington ? Seaator Newlanda before voting on the tariff bill on final passage. >r?de tha statement that on all tha amendments to the bill ha had baen paired with Sena tor Hurton, Republican and just before casting his vote for the bill on final passage he mada the fol lowing addresi to the Senate In part : "Mr President, whilst the pend ing bill makes material reductions in existing duties, It does not in my judgment go far enough. I have always believed in radical accom plishments by progressive methods; and while I have thought that in some of the reductions made, we wcra going too fast, 1 have been in sympathy with my party as to tha goal ultimately to be reached. My views whiie counseling moder ation in the preliminary stages of tariff reform, would result in a much more radical reduction of tha tariff than that contemplated by tha pending bill. In these views I have been overruled by my party associates iu the conference of the party. Tha only question that re mains therafora ia whether or ?>t tha pending bill is an improvement upon the existing tariff. That it ia I have no doubt; and I shall therefore vote for the bill. 1 believe that alfalfa and sugar beets will b? the chief products of the irrigat- i regions of the west and that if the sugar industry is not seriously disturbed tho produc tion of sugar in that region will be more valuable than our entire mining product. I be'ieve the pro duction of beets tends to intensive cultivation, so essential to this country and tends to that careful husbandry which has beea so ne glected here, as the result of which neglect tha yield per acre in this country ia only one half the yield on what we are accustomed to re gard as the old, worn out soils of European countries. So far as wool is concerned, 1 believe the injury to the wool u rower will not be a serious one for the increased value of mutton will probably compensate to the wool growers for the diminished price of their wool; but I should have preferred a slower re-adjust ment of thia industry. I believe in party responsibility. I believe that as a party wc have pledged the country to definite ac tion in the line of material reduc tions ia the tariff. Necessarily it would he difficult for all ef us to agree as to the exact amount of reduction that should be male. There must in the party conference, aa there were in this case, great difference of opinions upon these subjects; and necessarily the party action must mean a compensation of party differences or else tho party never would be able to act and to respond to the pledge giv?n to tha people. Regarding, as I de, party solid arity of tha highest importance, I should feel guilty of a hreach of trust of that party were I unwill ing without tha gravest reasons to make its will effeetife. For tWs Season, as ths party aetion differs materially from my views upon only two items out of 4000 items in the tariff bill. I propose to yield my views upon that question, and to stand with my party. 1 do not regard tariff making as finished as many do. Wc are told that tariff tinkering should be at an end; that the country should have industrial ealm; I believe In a steady and progressive move ment in tha line of tariff reform? a movement which should go on through accomplished experts ev ery di.y in the year, until a just, impartial and an equitable tariff is established. CATTLEMEN WILL IGNORE STATE TAX COMMISSION'S DEMANDS FOR REPORTS Authority To Meddle In The County's Taxation Affairs Denied - Body Impotent to Enforce Its Own Orders Is Commun Opinion \esterday the Independent ex clusively pointed out that Elko county would refuse to surrender its tax rolls to the state Tax Com mission on the tjround that the law did not require it. Now comes more trouble for the state Tax Commission. Over in Reno the District Attorney's office has just decided that the orders of the commission are not mandatory. Thu* it will be seen that the law empewesing thn commission to. work is being knocked full of holes in every part of the state. Here is what the Washoe authorities have decided according, to the Reno Gazette: "That the Nevada Tax Commiss ion is powerless to compel the county boards of equalization to raise or lower assessments estab lished by assessors is the opinion of Assistant District Attorney Moore after an examination of the law creating the commission. It is the opinion of the county official that the county hoard of equaliza tion may use its own discretion in increasing assessments and in cases in which the figures of the tax commission are doubted may refuse to act, leaving the matter up to the commission when it reviews the tax rolls next month. "The point was raised yesterday when the equalization board re ceived instructions from the com mission to establish assessments in accordance with figures furnished the board. The board found that in many cases the commission was in error and refused to act, leaving the matter up to the state board. "In the OBse of most of the sheep owners cited by the commission the figures furnished are believed by the county board to be correct. They correspond to the county as sessor's roll. In cases, however, where the two sets of figures vary there is no proof on which to sup port the estimates mado by the commission and the question of whether to assume the tax com mission or the assessor correct pre sents itself. Many shcepownvr* herd their bands close to the stata line keeping their flocks in Cali fornia part of the time and in Ne vada part of the time. In some in stances theso sheepmen have given in half their band to Washoe coun ty and the other half to the Cali fornia authorities." The Tax Commission and its pro posed mttho()a is unpopular in this County and practically every cattle and sheep man In Klko county is CLARK'S DOG POISONED "Bud" tha pet dog of L C Clark of the Elko Hotel was poisoned this morning. This was the fourth at tempt on the dogs life and was suc cessful. The dog was harmless and a valuable one and if the poison er is found he or she will ba pro secuted. To bo thrown upon nn?'? reaottrrM I* to bo mat Into the lap ef Ilonjamln franklin. u unit in fighting the method of taxation or equalization proposed by the State Commission. There; is going to be the greatest fight in the history of the state against the Tax Commission's mandates. Elko C ounty cattle and sheep men or at least ninety nine per cent of them have refused to file any statement as to the number of cat tle or sheep they own. In other words they *re putting it up to the Tax Commission to find out the in formation the best way they can. Practically all the lawyers in Elko have or will advise their clients not to pay any attention to the State Tax Commission with regard to fil ing sheep and cattle reports. It is the opinion that the local assessor and Equalization board are the proper officials to regulate tax aE seasmenta in the county. One of the absurdities of the Tax Commissioners rulings is shown by a local attornsy. A cattle man living TO miles from Elko filled out his cattle report to the Slate Tax Commission but failed to swear to it, and here is the curt letter he Rot iu reply from the State Tax Commission: ? "We are returning to ynu live s'ock report, with instructions that che same must be properly sworn to and returned to this Commission as soon as possible. "Taxpayers not making the prop er returns as direcUd have no standing before this Commission at the time of equalization, and the Commission will proceed to as sess at that time according to the last information on file in this office, and it will become the duty of the proper County officials to enforce the collection of the tax thareto. "Statements will be received up to and including October 6, 1913, the date of conference with live stock ownera. Very Truly Yours Nevada Tax Commission." Thus it will be seen that although he supplied the information de manded, it was rejected because he failed to swear to ft. To comply with the Tax Commission's second demand he would have had to lose several days work and travel 140 miles merely to swear to his state ment. When he aiked the advice of his attorney in Elko, the lawyer told him to pay no further atten tion to the tax commission as their demand was without the htunds of reason. The Elko County Commissioners sitting as a Board of Equalization have asked the District Attorney for advice as to what they shall do. This morning the District At torney's offic* was asked for a statement, but that office did not care to issue a statement for publication at this time. The Dis trict Attorney will give the County Commissioners his opinion on all the nuinta involved at their meeting Monoay. In several instances the local Equaliiation Hoard and the State Tax Commission are in eonflct as to authority and the District Attor ney will solve the knotty problem of who is hoss, by Monday. The Tax Commission declares if no cattle or sheep reports are filed it will base the taxation on the last report filed in their office. Local attorney's will object to taxation on such a basis claiming that such information is generally purely hearsay and unreliabe. It now looks as if the Tax Com mission will be done unto death be fore it gets done fighting with the cattlemen, sheepmen and County officers of the state. The law is so inconsistent and full of Iuod 1 oles that it will be shown at the finish the State Tax Commiasion doesn't amount to anything and ba^ no powers to meddle with the taxi'ion machinery of the state of Nevada. From Thursdays Daily. BOOHER REAPPOINTED W W Boohur received notice this morning of his reappointment as United States Commissioner. This makes his fourth term. ?? ? ? >n ? - ? ? ' GOOD SHOW AT SRADLEY At the Bradley tonight there is * an exceptional good vaudeville act by Gilbert and Bramnick entitled "The Professor and his Pupil" direct from the Reno Wigwp.m. PARENTS TD MEET TEACHERS The parent! and teachers Assoc iation will hold their fiist met ting of the year at the grammar school tomorrow, Friday afternoon at three o'clock. This meeting will be in the nature of a reception for the parent* and new teachcrs of the grammar school and all par ents and interested friends are cordiall} invited to attend. Rose Gardner, Pres. Mrs W D Higginbotham. Bet*. Richard G Lambert of the Lam bert Paper Co. Salt Lake is talk ing to Elko business men today HOWS THIS? Wo ofTcr One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot ho cured by Halls' Catarrh Cure F J Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio W c the undersigned, have known F. J Cheney for the last 16 years and believe him perfectly honor able in all business transactions and financially able to carry out any obligations made by his firm. National Bank of Commerce, To ledo, Ohio. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken in ternally acting directly noon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free Price 76 cents per bottlo Sold by all druggists. Take Hall's Family PHls for constlpaiton.