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VOLUME 49 ELKO, NEVADA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1914 NUMBER 6 PBEOICrS GREAT FUTURE FUR 6ULR CIRCLE 6RUUP Jchn Boyle, judge of Miilns town ship, Elko County, nnd Rav Hanley. also of Midas, are in Winneumcca on business. Both are enthusiastic and predict great things for Guld Circle during the coming year. Judge Boyle confirms the sale of :he Elko Pr nee mine and states that Gold Circle is assured of big work. The Elko Prince, Eastern Star, Colorado Grandies, Esmeralda and Rex are producing bullion and with tne installation of adequate treatment plants Beyle predicts that the coming summer will see 400 men working for wages in that favored district. ? Silver State. A REVOLUTION UF CANDLES The creation of the oaraffin in dustry is thus strikingly set forth by Oildom (Bayonne, N. J.,) : "Twenty live years ago a tank of paraflin burned in Cleveland, Ohio, and the officials there sighed with relief. It wa3 out of the way and they did not know what to do with it. One of the employes of the Cleveland refinery wondered if par affin would not do to make candles with. He tried it and the candles burned nicely. He suggested to the Standard Oil Company that a factory might be started to make these candles. Today S. O. is mak ing 300,000,000 paraffin randies a year. Those who have seen tullow dips burning know what the differ ence between them and paraffin c.in Us is. Tallow candles have passed with the spinning wheel. Try to buv one now it you don't think so; yet at onetime they could be purchased in every grocery sture." NOT SO RAO AS REPORTER The Times received a dispatch from Reno yesterday stating that a report was in circulation there to the eff -ct that Yerirgton was sur rounded by a sea of water Hnd there was danger of a great fiood. We did have some rain out this way and some Bnow in the mountains and the river is still pretty high, while the roads are nothing to speak of to make time over. But the cold snap has stopped the snow from melting rapidly and the river has not yet got out of its banks. Tli* roads are gradually drying up, and unless we get more warm rains and winds there will be no danger of the river doing much damage. We have had some mnisturo out this way however ? more than at nny timo since the winter of 1889 90. ? Yerington Times. MANHATTAN WAS REAR Manhnttan won n dead camp the most of this week. It was the origi nal lnnpfome town. Some one said that it was so drad that If a man hnd tieen killed on Main street Monday ho would not hnve been found until Thursday. Thi* is the first timo Post renders hnve ever read such an admission in these columns, and it is to be hoped it will be the last time. There is only one thing that can "kill" Manhat tan, nnd that is thewenther. Fortu nately tho killing wns of only tem porary nature ns climatic condi tions here are as a rule ideal. But flurries will como to the best regu lated communities at times and this week brought tho ramp enough real weather to last it for awhile. Tho worst snow storm in the camp's history camo Sunday night, nnd when the "downy flakes" had ceas ed to falj nnd tho sun showed enough through the dark storm clouds to permit the residents to glimpse their surroundings, some thing liko two feet of snow was found to hnvo fallen. In places whero It had drifted, snow was as much aa .fivo and eight feet deop. ??Post, ' THE WOOL MARKET According to the Salt Lake Her ald-Republican, wool growers of Utah were advised in a telegram received by C. B. Stewart, Bece tary of the Utah Woolgrowers as sociation Tuesday, against con tracting for their output this year at the prices now being offered. Ac cording to the telegram wool has now reached its lowest price not withstanding that the demand is better than for months past. Fol lowing is the telegram: "Boston, Jan. 27? Reported here there is considerable buying in your State. Woolgrowers should understand that markets have reached the bottom. Any change will be for the better. London market closed strong with five to ten cents higher on all gond clips. Boston markets better than for months. Stocks on hand small and demand good. (Signed) R. B. Thompson" It announced here Tuesday that Eastern buyers are now in Utah ard are offering 14 cen's a pound for the spring clip. It also has been learned that buyers have offered as high as 14 J cents a pound for thr spring clip, but so far no on. bar been found who has accepted the offer. In speaking of the reported at empt of eastern buyers to take advantage of the prisent low price of wool and corral, the output [in Utah the report says: "Possession of plenty of free capital and the low points toward which domestic wool stocks are rapidly dropping have caused some dealers to look about for opportunities for invest ments. Tentative efforts already are being made to contract for wool on the sheep!1 backs in Utah. "Offers are being made at one to two cents below the figures actually paid for the same wool last year. This is not approved by the wiser heads in the trade and farmers apparently have decided that they were down to a free trade basis last year. Anyway no success is re ported. The presrnt improved tone in the local wool market regarding both price and demand is likely to give growers a somewhat inflated view of the value of their product and to work against the securing of the new season's clip on n basis which will allow a profit. The report says that according to returns made by lending dealers lully 60 i er cer.t of the wool in stock January 1, 1914, has been distributed and already dealers nre beginning to think that they were too ready to sell at the pre vailing low prices. "Sell and re pent," continues the report, "that ancient diction of the wool trade in now being heartl in more than one wool house." P0P0LMI0UND~WEflLTH The population of the United States and the population per*tq. mile havo almost doubled since 1880. The national debt is $10.00 per capita, less than a third of 1880. Next dccadc will probably show an increase. Money in circulation la $34.06. There nre now 7,473 national banks, twice as many an in 1000. There are now 10,766, 000 depositors in savings banks, again 6,100,000 In 1000. Individ ual deposits in national and savings hanks aggregate $10,680,000,000 against $5,847,000,000 in 1000. Fnrm and farm lands increased in value from $20,000,000,000 in 1000 to $41,000,000,000 in 1910. Im ports of merchandise were $1,813, 000,000 last year und exports $?, 456,000,000. In 1010 they were only half as much. Railway mile ago has increased little in the Inst few yearn.? Kxchange. Tnmt Form of Rsllglon. The bent brand of rcllgloa In tho kind a man uson In hln business.? Chicago News. MBS. 0. F.. ROGERS Mrs. O. F. Rodgers, an old resi dent of Elko in the 70's and 80's will be remembered by the few re maining pioneers in Elko, died in Krandenberg, Montana, on Sunday at 2 o'clock d. m., January 25th, 1914, and was buried, in Miles City, Tuesday, January 27lh. The fun era! was held from I hi* Episcopal Church at that place, and was eon ducted by the Rev. Duront, the minister in charge. Mrs. Rogers ?as born in North Carolina Aug. 26th 1835, and mov ed to California with her parents in 1850. She was married to Mr. C. C. S. Wrigh' in 'hat slnte in 1852. T i that union were born two chil dern, one of wborr died in infancy and the other, who grew lo man hood in this community, afterwards moved to Miles City and died there about twenty years ago. hlrs. Roger's first husband died in California after which she mar ried O. K. Roger in 1857 and lived in that state until 1800 when the Central Pacific was being built. Mr. Rogers was a teamster and follow ed the railroad until he got to Elko where he settled on the lots now occupied by the residence of Mr. J. A. McBride. Mr. Rogers planted the trees now growing in the yard in front of Mr. McBride's h iuso. The original house occupied hv Mr. Rogers is still standing, it was movt'd to rest Idaho street and is the property of Mr. Henry V< iglit, and is still serving as a residence. Mrs. Rogers moved to Montana in 1881, where she is survived by her husband, one daughter, Mrs. Craig McDowell, nee Miss Fannie, one son, J. Fred Rogers, and a grand son, Harry Wright, son of C. C. S Wright. Mrs. Rogers took muen interest in Church work in Elko, she was one of the original eight charter m rubers of the First Presbyterian church in this place. ABOUT SROES The shoe bill is a large item in the family budget nowadays. With three or four athletic boys, Dad is lucky if he eets out of it under $10 a quarter. Rubber overthocs often wear out in a month. The standard shoe once retailing lor $8.50 is of ten second grade now. To protect the public against the skimping of shoe material a congressional com mittee is now drafting a "pure shoe bill." It is proposed to have the presence of leather substitutes indicated by stamps. The shoe trade has an exceptional chanc to slip in inferior stock. Formerly many persons were misled bv "loa ther-board." This was a compound of ground leather chips and other material. It was RtilTor than real leather nt the start, but wilted if wet. Tin re is a great demand for "solid" shoes now, and this form of adulteraiion is not so common. One condition which the congressional committer should consider is the great differ ence existing between different parts of the skin or hide. Toward the backbone of an animal, the rkin is closely knit and capable of great resistance. Nearer the Hanks it is loose and breaks apart easily. Hy skillful dressing and reinforcing a very "slimpsv" fabric ran lie made to stand up firm and smooth. Hence the difficulty if the proposed law undertakes to analyze and tag shoes us you would label n drug com pound. In the long ru.i manufact urers will fare best if they throw their cards on the table and show up their poods for their real worth, The public mny by the proposed law bb warned against the presence of infrrior substitutes. Still the substitute may be hotter than the rcnl thing, if the latter Is cut from an unfit portion of the hide. The public must use some judgment. If h shoo wrinkles too easily, select another pair. Shoes cut from poor leather are n bad investment, ev? n if cheap. The honest manu factor era will be glad to have his trade demand well selected stock. -Ex change. / MUST SHUN INTOXICANTS ? UA UO TO STATE PRISON Upon condition that he wo:ild re frain from drinking intoxicating liquors and report to the court every month for a period of two years, William McCormick, who pleaded to a charge of second de gree burglary, was released from custody Friday afternoon by Judge Somflfs of the district courtt. After imposing a sentence of two years in the state prison upon Mc Cormick, and hearing the testimonv of County Clerk Hamilton, Tim Connelly, Constable Toohey and Charles Cannon as to his previous good behavior, Judge Somers sus pended it, with the admonition that if he fail to fulfill the condi tions of his release he will be again taken into custody and sent to the state prison to serve the term nam ed. While under the influence rf liquor, McCormick entered the cabin of William Arnigger on North Fifth avenue November 9 and stole two revolvers. ? Goldtield Tribure. ALASKA COLO MINES Unlessa long list of our most ex perienced engineers have committed an error of judgment, the Gasti neau district, of Alaska, including the mines of Tread well 'island on one side of the Gastin?au channel, and those adjacent to the. town of Juneau, on the opposite channel, is destined to become, during the next five years the most important gold mining district of America. The mines cf Treadwell island have been for many years producing about 53,500,000 in gold per an num, and without doubt will con tintue to do so for many years to come. Around Juneau there is now being developed a deposit of gold ore which, in point of ton nage, probably exceeds anything else that is known in the world except perhaps the Rand. Several mines are now being developed, these including the Perserverance, Juneau and Ebner. I- or the Perser verence and the Juneau stamp mills are already in course of erection It i9 contemplated that the Alaska Gastincau Mining company (Perser verence mine) will eventually mine and mill 20,U00 tons of ore per day, the Alaskan Juneau about 12, 000, the Ebnor about 8,000, a total of -10,000 tons per day, or say 12,000,000 tons per annum. It is expected that this ore will yield about $1.50 per ton. If this esti mate is borne out we shall have a new production of $18,000,000 per annum, or nearly 20 per ccnt of the total gold production of the United States at the present time. ? Engineering and Mining Journal. GOT ON DAN6ERUUS GROUND Tolling of his experience in Jolo in trie Phillipines, n writer in the New > ork Times soys: "When I was first picking up som? of their language there ran toward me one tiny a handsomely dressed little boy his mother following at a distance. I picked the boy up and askrd bis mother how much he was worth, 1 thought it an utterly harmless wny of attempting a civility, H it the scream the mother let out followed by a quick rushing of men with knives from all the huts roundabout soon convinced me 1 had ofTended seriously. A priest of their faith who had been giving me language lessons, was luckily nmong the firBt to nrrive. 1 explained to him I had meant nothing wrong. Ho in turn explained ',o mo that barter ing in children was very much of a reality among them and more than that it was not tha custom for any man ever to address a remark to their women at ill. I had doubly otTended as the child wns a datto's son, and only the children of the low and enslaved were for Bale/' DEATH OF JOE MEN6HIA (Communicated) Joe Menghia, who had almost reached eighty years, the well known buccaroo and prospector, passed away o?. Tuesday evening' last at the Horse Shoe ranch, Beo wawe. He was born in Sonora, Mexico, and was remarkable for his grasp of not the Californian but the genuine Castilian Spanish. Joe spent about thirty years of his eventful life in Nevp,da and was Inown and loved by a large circle of acquaintances. The obsequies took place on Thursday, when all that was mortal of the old Mexican was laid to rest beneath [the shadow of the cross that rises over the Maiden's Grave near Bcowawc. Ranchers tnd miners turned out in numbers to pay last tribute to Joe's memory. The Rev. Father VV. H. Corcoran conducted funeral services Bnd delivered an eloquent adddress at the grave side. THE DRAB CARD I am overwhelmed with admira tion, I get that way whenever I re ceive a drab-c ilored card from headquarters all printed over with official words and sentences ? advice warning, etc., to notify me that (one) cent is due the U. S. post office department on a card that ib being held for me in an office on the other side of the continent. It will he held for me two weeks, if during that time I enclose a one ent stamp "loose" which it is ex plained means "not attached to the card" putin an envelope, etc. The interesting part of it is, the card of information was mailed January 3, and reached me January, 15 be ing insufficiently addressed ? twelve days of the two weeks gone! It is the beautiful system of 3 cents' outlay to collect one cent that "gets" me. Common sense would send on the card as a letter ? due one cent. Now because I could not get my one cent to Toledo, Ohio, within the time limit (their fault) my _ (Yew Year's card likely), will go to Washington to the dead letter office where a clerk will spend his valuable time deciding if it be of sufficient value to send across the continent tn me. In my letter inclosed with the drab colored card and the one-cent utamp to the To ledo postmaster I requested the re turn of my stamp loose, in a sealed envelope, if it reached him too late ? through no fault of mine? and save complaint to the govern ment. I really feel as if I had been transacting business with the U. S. government and trust 1 have done it in a business like manner. ? Ex change. THE DEST REWARD Gratitude given or received is one of the best things in the world. We need far more of it and < far better quality, Yet I have never read any satisfactory account of what it so gloriously means. Its value be?ins just where the valu able pay ends. Thanks are personal and at to > pt to tit an adequate re cponso to the particular acrvicc per formed. P&y is an impersonal coin which has been handed out to many others when it leaves you. It is your right and you aro not grate ful for it. Hut thanks are a free gift and enrich the giver. There is no nobler art than the art of expressing one's gratitude in fresh, unhackneyed, unexaggeratod tcrma which answer devotion u ith devo tion, fancy with new fancy, charity with sincerity. Artists who get their reward only in money and in the stale plaudit of clapping hands are restless for something more in dvidual. They want to be intimate ly understood and beautifully ans wered. For such graditudo they look to brotht-r artists, to tho few who really understand There they find their best reward ? but even this leaves something wanting.? Tho Atlantic. POISONOUS PUNTS Dr. C. D. Marsh, who is new'Jn the western states speaking before agricultural colleges and stockmen's assemblies on poisonous plants, is of the opinion that the losses to stockmen from poisoning are great er than from any other cause. Dr. Marsh is in charge of poison ous plant investigation of tho bur eau of plant industry, and in coop eration with the Forest Service has 'or several years been making a study of the different poisonous plants on western ranges; their distribution, relative toxicity, symptoms and results of their pois oning and remedies. Lo?*o is reputed to have caused as great loss as $1,000,000 annually to the stockmen of Colorado. Water hemlock and death camas are even more violently poisonous, yet more rare. Although more moderate in its effect, lar.tspur, because of its greater abundance and longer sea sonal growth, is considered more dangerous for cattlc on tho range than any other plant. Dr. Marsh states that sheep are not poisoned by the larkspur and that horses al though subject to its poisoning, do not eat it readily. The low larkspur grows generally about one foot, and ra:ely two feet in height, at elevations from 4,000 to 6,000 feet. The tall larkspur is found at elevations of 6,000 feet and higher and grows to a height of from four to six feet, and in Montana and California as high as six to eight feet. The blossom is blue and "spur-red", by which the plant is readily identitied. With the leaf alone it is sometimes con fused with acomto or wild geran ium. As preventives, Dr. Marsh recom mends that cattle be kept off from areas where tall larkspur abounds until after the plant has blossomed, when its toxic properties, except in the seed, largely disappear. The small larkspur is poisonous how ever, during tho entire period of its existence. He also recommends that when it is necessary for rattle to pass through such areas they first be well filled up and then permitted to drift in small bunches instead of driven hurriedly; that small areas be eradicated and larg er ones Kiiied out by frequent sheep grazing. The animal must eat a quantity equal to three per cent of its weight (i.e. 30 pounds by an animal weighing 1,000 pounds) in order to produce noticeable effect. The symptoms are arched back, lowered head and sttiggcring back ward movements. Tho animal falls and is unablo to immediately rise. It should be then placed with its head up hill that the stomach may pull away from the respiratory or gans, death usually resulting from asphyxiation or paralysis of the respiratory organs, and constipa tion. Cattle poisoned by larkspur should be kept as quiet as possible, should be pauncned if bloatng oc curs, should not bo bled, and in many cases can be saved by a sub cutaneous injection preferably in the shoulder, of physostigmin sal icylate, philocarpin hydrochlorid, and strychnine sulphate. These remedies ma> usually be secured in prepared doses from local drug* gists. Tho method of eradicating pois onous plants by frequent heavy grazing of sheep recommended by Dr. March is going to be adopted on the Kuby National Forest next season. Sheep will bo allowed to graze over the worst poison areas within cattle allotments but will not be allowed to graze over any part of the cattle range whose poisonous plants do not exist in quantities fatal to cattle. N(, regular permit will bo Issued to tho owners of shetp used for this purposo, and they mav be removed from the cattle range at any time that it is found that their prosencc is injurious to tba cattle interests. HEARST'S EASY QUESTION NO. 2 The December link in Hearst's string of government ownership sausage is not overly creditable even to thnt organized purveyor of intellectual excreta. It is devoted entirely to rethreshing the worn* out straw of the mismanagement and lnisfinancing of the New York. New Haven & Hartford Railroad. In true Hearsteeque style the threadbare recital is closed up with the convincing stem winder: "How would it have been had the government owned New Haven?" Well, if it had been the kind of a government that Hearst gives when ever it gets control it would have been as much worse than it is now, atupidicy is worse than cupidity. Hearst is as crauked aa Wall Street ? only not so smart. It was Hearst that saddled Chicago with n trillion dollar contract for voting machines that you can beat with a bent hair pin. Tha 's what Hearst's idea of government would do to the rail roads if it had a chance. That's what Hearsts is playing for : A chance to beat the railroads aa it has looted every treasury but its own <m which it ever got its claws. Hearst h for Hearsts govern ment first, and then government ownership <>f any kind that has a dollar that can he garnered in. ? Searchlight. HOW TO MEASURE HAY Measuring hay in the stccks is a common method of Belling hay, but the methods and rules uied are very varied. Very little aetual ex perimental data has been obtained upon the accuracy of the different methods. The U. S. Department of Farm Management has made some experi ments and )6es 'the following method to find the cubic feet con tent of the stack: Measure the length of the stack then the width, then with a tnpe, measure over the stack, from the ground on one side to the ground on the other side, (Thia distance is called the over), ? mutij lv the width by the over and this bv .31 (thirty-one hundredths of one). This will give th6 area of the cross section. Multiply this by the length and get total cubic feet con! tents. The factor, .31 is variable according to the height, width and fullness of the stack and may be as low as .24 in low ' stacks or as much as .38 in hign stacks. The number of cubic feet, to al low for one t?n varies with tho kind tf hay and length of time it has stood in the stack, and is usual ly determined according to local custom.? -S. B. Nuckols, Colorado Agricultural College, Ft. Collini, Colo. CAN YOU SOLVE THIS? Here is the chain problem ttfat has the Middle West guessing*. "A miner asked for room and board at a hotel for fifty days. He is told that the price is $1 a day. He has no money, but he haa a hoavy gold chain with fifty links, each worth a dollar. He agrees with the land lord to cut the chain and pay one link each day. At the end of fifty daya the miner will redeem tho chain and have it soldered togeth er. The miner doea not wish to cut the chain in any more than is nec essary for him to cut? Tho nida tion of making change with thr ilnks enters into the problem vary strongly. The answer is tho small est number of links that will be necesarv for him to sever." A plant ecologiat from the District Forester's offlc* at Ogden will have charge of the plan and it la ex pected by local forest officers that many cattlemen will cooperate in trying out the plan, since the an nual loos of cattle on the Ruby Mountains from poisonous plants Is very great.