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HIE WHITE PINE NEWS
WEEKLY MINING REVIEW. Published Every Sunday at East Ely, Nevada, by A. A. MllKMMtV Editor ud Riiurr. Entered us second-class matter No vember 28, 1908, at the postofflce ut East Ely, Nevada, under -the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. TERMS OK SURPCMPTION: me Year, iu Advance.$8.00 Six Months, In Advance. 1.60 Three Months, in Advance.75 OnDKH IN HAITI. Order in Ha.yti has been established by American troops, although at a cost of thousands of human lives. The operations of the American marines In that island republic have been under Investigation with the result that an official report has been given to the public. In which it is said that 5.250 na tives have been killed in efforts to es tablish law and order. The casualty list looks big, but It is quite probable that it would have been greater had not the marines suppress ed insurrections and established a stable government, under which the natives may live in peace. Had they been left to continue their revolutions the loss of life would have been far greater, and there would not today be i\ government worthy of the name. None of the natives have been killed unnecessarily or wantonly, and tho greater number perished in the one battle of Pert au Prince, when the na tive Insurgents attacked the city. The murderous charges that have been brought against the American ad ministration in Hayti are not bourne out In facts; yet there may have been some violation* of the rules of war. and it Is no more than just that those guilty of murder, if any there be, should be brought to Justice. If the charge* are not warranted the world should know It. The fact* should be Wde public *h the Interest of good fedvernment. Haytl has for many years been I seething plague spot of revolution and crime, and it was to Ruppress those disturbances and establish a govern ment where the Jives and property of American citixens would be safe that the United States sent its armed forces there to maintain order and secure re dress for wrongs that had been com mitted In defiance of the protests of this government. HUNGARY BANISHES JEWS. Hungary wants to be rid of her Jew ish population and has ordered 11,000 Jews to leave tho country immediately. The expelled Jews want to go to Pal estine. and they should go; but mass Immigration to that country Is said to be now Impossible. Palastine Is the home of the Jew, and 1 If it Is Impossible to receive the people In their ancient homeland at the pres- ! ent time, all possible effort should be j made by the allied nations to prepare i a place for them there. The main difficulty now is the fact I that the land Is occupied by people who are not J>*ws—Arabs, Syrians. Turks and others, who cannot be removed ruthlessly from their homes. All the world is praying for the early restora- | tlon of the Jews to their native land, j Thousands are going there from all ! parts of the world, but It would be , placing needless burdens upon the pres- ; ent occupants of tne land to drive tlum away, regardless of consequences. Palestine will yet, under Jewish man- ; agoenint. become a land of plenty, but j the evil results of hundreds of years of Turkish misrule must be overcome and the property of the present Inhabitant.) disposed of by purchase before the land will again "flow with milk and honey" j under Jewish cultures and the Jewish government become an administration of a r< united people. Will rM»IDK GATHERING. War clouds are gathering In the fur cast. Japan is restless anil dissatisfied with the condition of her subject* In America. She feels that In discriminat ing against the Japanese America Is not treating her with the courtesy that should be extended to tho subjects of a civilised nation, and there Is In store for us more or less trouble until this matter can be settled; and there seems to be but one way to settle It. In justice to ourselves, and that Is to not only 1 •■elude the Japanese, but every other race. America Is full. All the human •nergy tills country needs Is Here and to continue the policy of the open door Is to Invite trouble of a more serious nature than any w-e have yet encoun tered. Japan feels insulted. She feels that as a flrst-cluss world power she Is en titled to greater distinction than to have her subjects barred from America as undesirables, and she asks for the same treatment as that given to Ruro peans. In preparation for rotnlng trouble the Is making an effort to ascertain the Willingness of her business and profes sional men to serve Ir. the army In case of war. IIIII’IIMII < (U1, STRIKE. Th«' strike of the British coal mlneis Involves a million men, and unless the I trouble is soon settled not only OreHt Britain but oilier countries dependent upon her for their coal supply will be without fuel ut the beginning of the winter. The strike bus assumed a seri ous stage and rioting has broken out In mnr.y places. Just what the miners want is not known to the general pub lic upon this side of the ocean, but whatever It may be England cannot afford to without justlco In a speedy settlement of the difficulties. These miners are not out on a strike unless there Is sonm grievance, and whatever it may be there should be a conference of the lenders nml operators with the purpose of ft speedy settlement. De lays at this season are dangerous and mean suffering and perhaps death to many innocent persons. The coal strike Is not the only trou ble England is facing; for the railway unions are liable at any moment to go out upon a sympathetic strike, tlelng up the transportation of food and other ne cessities. If the railroads are tied up and the mines abandoned It will not be long before the people of Great Brit ain will be face to face with misery that will make them think of the fam ine Id Ireland. The cause of this strike, while not entirely cHar at this distance, Is cluimid to be the result of Bolshevik teaching. It Is known that Red emis saries -have been active among union members for some time, and It Is be lieved that the strike Is directly due. to Ilolshevlk poisoning. Here In America the people are fac ing a coal shortage due to the activity of profiteers In supplying foreign mar kets at a higher price than can be pro cured In this country, and also to poor transportation facilities. Ours Is not yet a serious trouble; the situation Is growing better, and there Is good rea son to believe that there will be no se rious shortage, in fact we have faith that the government will Interfere In case of perlous trouble and take meas ures to mine the necessary coal. In Oreat Britain the situation is alto gether different und the workers, em boldened by strength of numbers, are j committing acts of vandalism that are a menace to old England. We an* all Interested In the growth and prosperity of our community. We want to sec new business coining to town. We want to be a trade and man ufacturing renter, an educational cen ter and o hustling and bustling com munity. That is why wo are bldd'ng for business. That is the reason why our merchants are advertising. That is the reason why we are spending money In school appropriations, mu nicipal Improvements and everything that goes to make our city attractive and r desirable locality in which to do business. Admitting this 10 be a fact, wc should go further and see to it that every road leading Into our city is put Into the best possible condition, that there be 11O obstacles In the way | of easy access to our markets, and the further we extend our Improvements the greater anil more influential will j our city become. Jn tho light of reci nt event* tlu ro seems to to a noej for the establish mi nt of a line of transports to itus sla. They will have full passenger list* upon tho outward trip, but some •tlier country should furnish the freight for the return voyage, nnd in no case should It bo human energy to bo exploited in the labor market* of America. We have enough at pre*ent. and before our reconstruction period is ended wo will havo an cxc'-sk that ; will be embarrassing. Russia concedes all of Poland’s de mands. So eager for peace l» she that terms and conditions are of sec ondary consideration. All conditions to which the Pole* objected have been withdrawn, the territorial offer In creased, and. strangest of all. the Sov iets agree to return all work* of ait, documents and historical souvenirs which the czars had taken. What more, except Indemnity, could ;• victor demand? Tho war destroyed 1200.000,000,000 I of the world's wealth, swept fully 50, [000,000 nun. women and children Into ! eternity, lowered the morality of thte nations of the world, created debts that will burden generations yet unborn. , caused serious labor problems, widened tho breach between capital and labor, j destroyed credits and engendered ha- j treds that a century of prosperity can- , not efface. . — —-I. —— The Milwaukee Inventor who has j devised a method for taking the smell j out of llmburger cheese Is not. In the opinion of epicures, conferring a boon upon mankind. What satisfaction is there In eating llmburger If you can not antell It? With the deodorising process will go the glories of the fame of llmburger. Why not try tho ex periment upon garlic? Harding is pleading for a campaign ! of honesty and Cox is accusing his op- ! ponent of preaching a creed of poison- j ou» hate, while both chairmen of the ' national committees arc claiming a | victory, "^he barrage Is lifting and It ! will be "over the top-' next Tuesday _ now have* tl.e oo and dow n con test ef the elevator men The next j thing w ill he the contest of the book agent In turning door knobs i.nd the j ftlver owners who have exerted enough energy In cranking to create a force j I that would lift a ton 5,2X0 fceL Japan has joined the League of Na tions. but idle is not overlooking the care of her teeth in the placing of order* for sixteen war vessels nnd her program for naval activities. Now that the Poles nnd the Soviets havo agreed to an armistice will they adopt the American plan and take two or more years to make peace? The Increase of taxes In Japan will turn the eyes of the Nlponese to Amer ica and make the problem of Japanese Immigration ft gr< nter one. The campaign Is getting warm In California, the radiator Is steaming, as evidenced hy the latest eruption of Mount lessen. If a female senator will be a cur loslty among the ninety-live senators, why not try someone who can ‘ vamp." If you L-t o hat on the outcome of the election, specify the price. The ohl $.'i varieties are out of date i The betters on the result of I lie elec tlon had better look out or the ‘’corrupt ' practice man” will g> t them. HAST. W KST. HOM Kg It KST It has been said that The Youth'i Companion has had more nadi rs per copy than any other publication In America. There is good reason to lc - lieve this to be true. But the Im portant thing Is that the Influence of the paper upon Its millions of reader < has always been directed to building character. "East, west, home's best," has been Its unuttered slogan. In its articles, editorial and otherwise, It has dwelt upon the impoitancc of good cit izenship. In all Its contents It Has aimed to give not only entertainment, but "stepping-stones to higher things." A year of The Youth's Companion brings a tremendous tide of delightful and diversified reading that cannot lie found elsewhere. The 52 issues of 1921 will bo crowd ed with serial stories, short stories, editorials, poetry, facts and fun. Sub scribe now and receive: 1. The Youth's Companion—52 saues In 1921. 2. All the remaining Issues of 1920. 3. The Companion Home Cab ndar for 1921. All the above for $2 50 4. McCall's M.ignzlns for 1921. The monthly authority on fashions, yi.60 a year. Both publicaUuns. only |3.50. THE YOUTH'S COMPANION, Commonwealth Ave. & St. Paul SI., Boston. Mass. New Subscriptions Received at tliia Office. Measures and Men Approved by W riter To tile Editor: it makes any sum man tired to .»• <■ supposedly rational Americans stand on a platform and shout. "'M-asurea, not men!" when they know If they arc] telling the truth, that If they want< d to employ a man to take charge of their personal affairs they would not trust every Tom, Iilck and Ilarry who comes along merely because he hap pens to agree or pretends to agree with them politically. firing this argument right home to yourself and give a candid answer of what you, as an Individual, would do about it. Suppose that the reader of this article Is the princpal owner or even a small stockholder of a bank. Would he cast hs vote in the stock holders’ meetings to place In charge of that bank a man who merely hap pened to agree with him politically, 01 would ho vole to hire one who was fitted by experience and competent to J (111 the position'.’ Public business should In no respect differ from private business, for the nterest ot everyone Ir. the government j Is his personal affair, made so by be ing the owner of a share therein. Then Is no sense or reason in this talk of hiring a man to manage one’s affairs if that man's sole recomcinndaton 1* nffablllty und lnubllty to say no. Carrying further the bank Illustra tion, It Is an old but true story that a banker must be a man who can stand before you, look you In the rye and be able to say "No.” It Is the man who cannot say "No" but says fc»" to two or more persons with opposing demands for tile same object, who Is finally forced to say ‘No." yet In doing it gives irreparable offense to the pilrty turned down. The one who can sa.v "No" on the start gtves no hard feel ing. his frankness with the rarest ex ceptions making friends of those to whom he tells the truth, saying it In the way that It is natural for him to say It. Admitting that a banker must be a man of that quality, as oil must admit to be the ease, can any person give nn honest reason why one who is wishy washy and all things to all men. who promises everything to everybody, linul ly having to have a row with the hind most, should be placid in office, hlgb, low or Indifferent? Indeed, can any person give an hon est reason why a man he would not vole to entrust with the management of a bank should be placed at the head of a state or given nn office on a par therewith? Issues nnd net men Is a falsehood, and never was the truth. It Is a de vice of the devil to place In office men who can be handled, those whose woe ful weakness condemns th* ni as being worse than those who are intentional ly bad. In this connection it is often said of sucii and such men that their Intentions are good, but the writer Is here to remind them that there is a place thnt Is paved with good inten tlons. No mention of names n« ed be made to clinch this argument The people of Nevada are either competent to select for office men that? the citizens there of, If they were stockholders of a bank, would not hesitate to place in charge of its management, or they are not competent to do so and may be found placing their governmental af fairs in the bands of men whose lack • f strength of character is such as to make their naming In this article su perfluous. “Measures and men"—not “Measures, not men.” I- •*. RRANSON. Mining News from the Eureka District Winze No. g of tile Kur* ku-<’roesu* property at Kureku Is down fifty feet and the last twenty-seven feet has been In ore of high values, says the Sentinel. Winze No. 6 lias found good ore in the fissure, while the shale raise is producing dally its quota of ship ping ore. From Week to week It is sometimes difficult to describe the op erations of a property, but It Is a sat isfaction to record the discoveries of new bodies of ore in holdings that were profitable during the administra tion of former days. Operations at the Molly mine con tinue to move along smothly ami reg ular shipments of high-grade ore are going forward to the Utah smelters. The drift being run to connect with the Rullwhacker workings Is expected to break through soon. It Is learned that some delay has been no t with in obtaining the machinery needed for the new mill, but it is thought delivery will not be delayed any great l« ngth of time. Reports from Ruby llill are that the I.ocan shaft has now been cleared of all water nnd muck down to the top timbers of the station below the 1,100 foot level, but the quantity ami nature of the muck In the bottom of tin shaft Is retarding progress somewhat. The volume of water making in the shaft Is less than was expected and lltt’e troulih In handling it after tin m <v station is pul in Is anticipat'd. Fletelier \ l-.ll* (till Slumping (around K. I,. Fletcher, formerly of Kiy but now of Suit Lake arrived In Kiy hiet Thursday lind rrjflstered nt the North ern. Mr. Fletcher was accompanied by hi* brother. O. F. Fletcher of Joplin. Mo., who was anxious to pay a visit t<> the mining center where K. L 1- letcher was for many years so active. After attending to some urgi nt business mat ters here Mr. Fletcher. the former principal owner In the Lincoln High way^ garage returned to Halt lanke. where h'- Is now busily engage-!. Services at t lirlsllno Silence ( liureli At Odd Fellows' hall, Monday, li a. in.: Sunday school, 10 a. in.: Wed nesday evening testimonial meeting. 7:45 Heading room Friday from un til 4 p. m. '.niest 41'iotntloe s on Knsleru Metal* New York—Bar silver, doniestlc. 99‘d: foreign. Copper, weak. Hpct, October. No vemher and December offered al I" Lead. weak. Spot. October. Novem ber, ♦?.SR; December, 6.90. Henson for the World's Inliepplness Most women worry more over wliut the neighbors will think than they do over what their hurliands will think, and that's one reason there's so much unhappiness In the world PERSONA L MENTION ■ J. H. Ferry of McGill *n* among the visitor.** In Ely during the week. t*. s. Miller of Aurum paid u short visit to Ely during the wo* k to look after business matters. U. Gardner canto in front his ttuil nystd-; ranch during last week :*.nd reg istered at the Northern. Mrs. Angus McDonald and Mrs. if A. Comlns returned this week froth a three wei ks' visit In Knit I>ake. John 1- Whipple arrived in the city Tuesday enrouto to his' ranch at Sun nyside after a visit to Salt lAtke. Fred Henrold and wife of Pleasant Valley were visitors In Ely during the last week and registered at the North crn. Charles S. Miller of Sptlng Valley wan a visitor during the week to look up laud matters connect* d with Ilia ranch. It. F. Qua vie of the firm of ChandHr V Quuyle, attorneys, returned to the city yesterday morning from a irip to , San Francisco. J E. Callahan of the Wilson-Hates, company, spent two days nt Sunnyslde and vlclntly, tl Is week on business for the furniture company. .1. II. ftolan came In from his runth| in Spring valley Wednesday and re turned home Thursday after attending to matters of business. The Bound)’ brothers, stockmen from fhellbourne, were visitor* In the city during the week while looking up land matter* ut the county clerk's office. (’. O. Bonner, deputy revenue col lector for this district, returned Sal nrday morning front a tour of his rev enue disti let In tie north* rn pai t of the state. County Commissioners John Weber and W. K. Meyers with Sheriff Kns lovv. made a trip to Cherry Creek, this wt«k on a campaigning tour, return ing Thursday evening. Joseph Tognonl, a rancher and stock - raiser from Duck water. was a visitor in Kly during the week, coining In front Ids ranch In the southeru part of the county to secure supplies. .1. K. Ferry of Barker arrived in the city last Wednesday on Ills return from Idaho, where he ha* been on a visit with relative*. Mr Ferry will remain in Ely until after the election. — Hoy Hendrix an*l William Hendrix of Fund were among those af the substan tial ranchers of the county who found It necessary to pay a visit to tha coun ty seat on buslnfs* during last week Fred Claik of ttie Clark drug store, with H. C. Nicholson und Hebert Baird, made a trip ove*' the northern and eastern parts it the county this week, calling on the vallev rancher* In tIt* Interest of the'r campaigns. Frank Norton of the Spring valley section wa* an arrival In Ely last Wed nesday, Frank is one of the hustling rancher* and livestock men of this county, whom all are glad to see when ever he get* Into the big city. John E. Bobbin*, register of the Fnited States land office nt Elko, spent the greater part of la*t week In this district. "Jack." a* he I* familiarly known here. 1* always glad lo g. t buck ami meet hi* old-time friend* Mr. and Mr* George F. hftnkuid, r** • Mis* Mallei Wheeler, left East Ely l ist Thursday evening for their future home at Boise, Idaho, where Mr. Kin kald I* employed as valuation engineer with the Idaho Power Company B. E. Bomeroy, former superintend ent for the Nevada Consolidated Copper Company wus a visitor at McGill 'lur ing the week. Mr. Pomeroy is now em ployed with the Bonnot Coal Pulveriz ing Company, with others in Salt Fak*-. B. T. Swallow of Shoshone wa* among tho Ely visitor* Inst week. "l)lck" I* obliged to come to the city quite frequently on account of hi* ex tensive business operations, but bo. cause of the demand* made upon hi* time nt the home ranch Id* visits nr of short duration. Mrs. .V C. Cleveland former ov* ni r of the Cleveland ranch I* making a visit In Spilng Valley with old li'l. rul Mr. and Mr*. John Yelland. Mrs. Cleveland ha* made her home In Cal ifornia for several years, returning to Ely several month* ago t<* vl:.*lt with relatives an I friend*. James Hlcrdun of Sunnyslde and Mrs. Uiordan came in from their raneJi Wednesday to attend the bazar of the Sacred Heart church. Mr. Illordnn is president of the Ely National bank nnd wlille in Elv attended tho stockholders’ meeting of that institution. They r* turned to their Sunnyslde home Friday. John ar.d Grover Tllford .ire among the visitor* in Ely and are spending some time arranging matters of bust le ms In connection with their mining operations. Grover Tllford report# Hint tile gold property tpon which lie ha* been working for several months ni'iir Osceola hn* a promising outlook The limit* friends of Axtel Hhh ld ■ the wi II known mining innn of the 1 In in 111 on n'rtlon wilt lip plruril to learn that, after In Ilia confined t« tin Kly Hurirlral hospital for about two weeks, he Is able to he about ntriiiii and will spend the winter In California, where It Is believed he will fully i cover Ids usual (food health. lAiaro ituldrl mine In fruin IiIh ranch near Cherry Creek Friday and wan huay ahaklng ounda wllli hla ninny frlenda. When naked nn what phi tirulur Inialnimi he emne In- anld Unit lie wua Inal trying In work up 11 Idg huntlPB party to go Into Idaho, hut ao for lie hail not found anyone who li.oj litre aufi'lrlent to travel after lIn- Idg game. I>aey It. Hovenden. accompanied by Ida wife and mother, arrived in Kaat Kly during th« Week from K1 lie no, Okla. They will apend aome time here visiting with Hr. C>. Ilovi nden of the rtli ptop Hurglcnl hoapllal ataff, Mr. Hovenden any* that lie la glad to have the opportunity to vlalt with hla broth er nnd feela doubly r -pald by getting a •‘cloapup’’ view of the great mining op era l Iona here. (Copyrlcbt. >»!#. kr Jmm~ Vonut) A BACHELOR PRESIDENT - i JAMES BUCHANAN was the last president to wrap bis neck In a stock, as Monroe was the last to wear knee-breeches—and be was the last of an era. An age paaaed away aa he passed oat of the White House. After Buchanan's birth at a Penn sylvania log cabin, his father, who waa an Irish Immigrant, prospered as a country storekeeper and was able to send his son to college. But the college sent him back aa a wild spirit that It conld not tatne. The pastor of the scandalised family begged and obtained a chance for the wayward youth, who Improved It so well that he graduated first In hts das*. Never theless. the still Unforgiving faculty denied him the honors of his rank. This would be but a dull atory of law and politics were It not for a single tragic episode which cast a shadow over the whole after life of our bachelor president, the only presi dent to die a bachelor. A young wom an, to whom Uuchanan was engaged In early manhood, a daughter of the wealthiest family In the county, wrote him a letter of dismissal under the spell of a Jealousy which had been aroused by gossips. Pride on both | J*m«» Buchanan. aides kept the two apart until their separation was made Irrevocable by her sudden death—probably by sui cide. In grief and horror, the young lover wrote to the father of the dead girl, begglDg the privilege of looking upon her remains and of following them to the grave. Hut the letter was returned to blru unopened. Four and forty yeni-a passed, and Buchanan went to hla grave without ever having taken any other woman to his heart. When hla eiecutors opened the papers, which the aged ex-presideot bad left In a bank vault, they found among tliein a little pack et of treasured love letters from his sweetheart of long ago. But In no cordmnce with the request written on the outside, those faded mementoes of hie only love were burned without breaking the seal on them. Buchanan was by no means a crab bed old bachelor. Ho remained al ways most courteously attentive to women, though with a perfect Impar tiality. Nor did he keep bachelor's boll. At Wheatland, his country place near Lancaster, I’a., he brought up, from early childhood, the orphaned son of one of hla sisters und the orphaned daughter of another, who became, us Miss Harriet Lane, one of the most admired mistresses of the White House. After Buchanan hud risen to top rank at tho Fennsylvanlu har, with a practice that brought him us much as $12,000 lu a yenr, ho entered poli tic*. Ht art lug us u Federalist, he be came a Democrat only at the death of the party of hi* first choice. lie wu* elected to the legislature nud to congress; was thrice elected to the senate; served as minister to llusstn and flreat Britain and wo* secretary of state in Folk's cabinet. For 20 years jyi unsuccessful can didate for the presidential nomina tion, the veteran politician had all but given up hope when at last It came to him uusouglit In 18Tid on bis return from a long absence as Ameri can minister In London. Ah he ac cepted It, he Hlghed that the honor had been denied him until he was too old to enjoy It, "when all the friends I loved and wanted to reward are dead and all the enemies I bated and bad marked for punishment are turned my Mends." eS==S==SKS=Es^at Five Minute Chats on Our Presidents p #»»»»»»»#. Mf JAMES MORGAN (CwrliM. 1»M. by Junw ADRIFT IN A STORM 1M7—March 4, Jamee Buchanan inau«urateB lith praal Bant «H alatyBhra. March 5, DraB Baatt Be 1MB Aub> Bp CawplMIwi af At lantta cable. AaA ftlMUBla — **| Wwfffl VfuWnU aMBM. DiU FM. 4, tha Bautham Can March 4, Buchanan ratlraB fraui tha uraalBancy. 1B44—June 1, BtaB at Wheat lanB, Pa., a«aB aavanty. (NVffl. BECAUSE the drama of history. like that of the theater, most have Its heroes and villains, James Buchanan has been painted all black In the opening scene of the Civil war. loaded down with all the weaknesses and alns of his generation and ban ished forever Into the wilderness. Any one can see now, with the aid of hind sight, what Bnchanan should have done, hut not whnt he could have done. The North Itself, In the bewildering winter of 180041 was far from agreed that secession could or ah*-'-* be stopped by feresi “Let the U Slide,” the abolitionists said. "Let erring brethren go," said Horace Gree-j ley. "Wayward sisters, depart In' peace." General Scott would have said1 to the seceding state*. In common with the politicians ef< hia fast vanishing time Bnchanan clung to the Idee that freedom rather than slavery was to blame for all the trouble. lie had not gone with Doug las and the northern wing of the di vided Democrats In the campaign et 1880, but had sided with the southern ers and voted for Breckinridge. When the first state seceded he wae already within ten weeks of the end of hi* terra, with a he«ri!e congress In Harriet Lane. front of him anti behind him u country aa Irresolute ns himself. A* he saw the I'nlon fulling *«» pieces he hoped on thut It eoultl be patched together again by another old-fashioned coni promise. All the while there were southern member* of his cabinet who were staying In Washington only to ■hip federal war supplies south and to aid In the preparation* for destroy log the government. Edwin U. Stanton of Ohio, although himself a Breckinridge Democrat bluntly warned Buchanan: “Tou are sleeping on a volcano. The ground 1* mined all around and under you and ready to explode, and without prompt and energetic action you will be th* last president of the United States." “Mr. Stanton,” pleaded the feeble old man, “for Hod’s sake come In and help me." The flrst day thut Stanton took his* sent at Buchanan’s cabinet table hr told the secretary of war, Floyd ol Virginia, that he “ought to be hanged on a gallows higher than Ilnman’s" for having ordered Major Anderson, with out the knowledge of the president., to sluy In a defenseless old fort at Charleston hurbor Instead of Irons ferrlng himself to Fort Sumter, as the major had done In dcflnnee of orders Before the middle of Jnntinry the cabinet was reorganised nnd Buchanan was surrounded by stanch Union men who swept him along at a jmee which sometimes left him breuthless. The new secretary of the treasury, John A Dir, quietly reported one day Hint he had sent to New Orleans his now famous message. "If any man at tempts to huul down the American flag shoot him on the spot." “Did you write such n letter ns that?" Buchanan exclaimed. "No." Dlx replied, "I telegraphed II." Had Buehunan been n man of Ironi Instead of putty, probably he could have done no good In that chaotlci Interregnum between the election and Inauguration of his successor. If hf| bad taken any step whlph should have hastened Virginia and Maryland Into revolt there would have been no ns-| tlonal capital on March 4, 18(11. The retiring president would only have made heavier, perhaps Impossible, the task which he wearily laid upon a stouter soul when he transferred the presidency to Lincoln and sadly toh torod Into the shadows.