THE WEEKLY UNION RECORD.
THE UNION RECORD.
/.« wiostair. ». *. smm. r. f. •«««
Publishers autl Proprietors.
Offiir an lllnl Slrrsl. Mji r» anil
II mi toon Sts.
One rear per Mail •.
Six Month* do . . (M)
Three Months do - **
delivered by Cartier j»cr Month ■ ■’#
Single Copies.. 10
Pet*-iijusre 'f ten lines >r le--*, li»>t in.^rti-n .$< 00
Each subsequent insertion 1 : »h
9d~ A liberal discount will be made in farorof
those who advertise by the year.
tr Business r'ards inserted on reasonable terms
B. VAN ALSTVNE MOTT, I. 0.
Physician and Surgeon,
Will practice his profession in
OROVILLE AND VICINITY.
Can be consulted at bis office as follows:
Butte Bounty Hospital I At his oflh-e on Mont
From to 10 a m 1 goinery street from Ito
2 and 6to 7 r a.
«*-Persons wishing to lu- treated for any form
of disea-e, will Vie furnished pleesaut room-at the
Hospital, at a moderate charge.
E. S- OWEN,
AT TO UA K T A T I. AW ,
Forbestowu, Butte county, California
FAULKNER & Co.
■ c m ■*. bcbcm.
Corner Myers and Montomery Streets, Oroville.
B. I.AS E. I I J. CONLY
E. LANE & Co,
■ s » -m, m*.
Montgomery street, Oroville.
A U.BILPSON. \ i THOS. CALLOW
A. G. SIMPSON,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in HOOKS AND
STATIONERY. STAPLE AND FANCY
Theatre Block, Huntoon street. Oroville.
I', S. Assessor anti Collector
OF BUTTK COUNTY.CAL.
Oh' Kit K—tin MjrrtSlrcil.
Brhreen .T/on/gomrrtr anit Bn I Streets,
Attorney at Law N Nol’ry Public
Oilii lii Theater llullillii*;.
Has resumed the practice ot Law in all The courts
t»l Justice. in B.itte and adjoining counties.
CHARLES F. LOTT,
ATTORNEY VN i» COUNM-’.LLOR AT LAW,
VXD NOTARY PUBLIC,
Or'vii.LK. . .. Bittk o«'i nty.
Office—Bird si., between M vers ami Hu• • n.
GEO. T. SHAW,
Ami Commissioner of Deeds for .Vi rada Ter.
Officr—At A.<s. S|in|irou'« Book Store.
J. M. BURT,
Allornoy ami ( miusi llor al Law
Practices in the courts of the ‘2d Judicial District
and in the Supreme court.
OFFICE lu Hurt’s brick building, up stairs.on
Bird street. Or »ville.
L. C. Granukk.] [A. Matkick. Jr.
GRANGER & MAURICE,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW.
Will practice in all of the Counties of the Fif
teenth Judicial District, and in the Supreme Court.
Office—on Bird street,between Huntoon and Myers
•Ireets. Orovih.r. sep.2’,*tf.
D. C. BURLINGAME,
I* F. N T 1 S T .
gm OFFICE In M a the a■> Prick
mg. <ui H ; it—>u St.. U i
lIJTT* g' lucry and Bird Streets,
W. PRATT. M D.
I’liysieiau .v. '<ir:?ou,
llork I'rrrL. Hull. 1 ul.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
OFFICE- COCUT lltU>F.. OBOVII.LK
JAS O’BRIEN, M. D.
Particular attention paid to Chronic Diseases,
and all others commoo t»> this country. Has had
large experience in hospital and family practice,
and confidently hopes for a share of public patron
OlHrr Within two doors of Clark A Bro.’s
store. Myers stroel, Oroville.
J. BLOCH & Co,
PF.U.F.KS IN GROCERIES ANT* MISERS
Montgomery street. Oroville.
GEO. C. PERKINS,
WHOLESALE ANO RETAIL DEALER IN
GROCERIES. FRHVISIOMS AND PROOCCF
Coriirr ) anil l.lmolii »!»•.
THE PROPRIETOR would assure the residents
of Oroville and tit.- traveling public, that n«» means
will be left untried to enable him to de—.-rve a
share of their patronage.
Is supplied with every luxury <>t th** season, and
every thing will i e d *ue to insure ibu comfort of
the guests at this house.
Will always be supplied with choice liquors ami
Single Meals 50 Cents.
Lodgings 50 to 75 ( nils.
t*>. The Office of the California Stage Company
is at the International.
W Stages leave this I.- tel every day 1 r all
pails of the country.
Cor. Mont;onii r\ & lliiutoon Sts.,
th k rx'PEnsicxKn. rno
__ prietor of lliis e^Tabli-hment, >*-
ereby ini thal v;
he is prepared t<* furnish meals it all hour, day and
night, composed of all the substantia Is and delica
cies of the season which the market affords.
And Assemblies of every n iturc ,
will lie supplied with Dinners. Suppers and Colla
tions, in the best style and on the most liUral
Connected with the Restaurant is a BAR. where
can always l*o found the best and every description
Hoard per Wrrlt.... Sl» OO
.M« :iU . . . "il
Hoard per Wn-I* willi 7 ., ,»l
l.*»il ini’* per .Mg lit ‘4"*
aplhtf J. REYNOLD. Proprietor.
ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL,
npHK UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECT
rally that he has rented the
•• ST. NICHOLAS I!‘>TEL, V
(formerly kept by Prank Johnson-) in Orc.villc,
and he would be pleased to *ee hi- Liends.wheu
ever thev will give him a 'all.
ROBERT O'NEIL, Proprietor.
Oroville, June loth. 1st;:;.
What Cheer House,
ouovl L L E,
Between Myers and Iluntoon Streets.
r|IHE SUBS< RISER EKSPB TFULLY IX-
M forms his friends and the puhlie. that he fur
nishes at the ah >ve hou>e th be.-t board and lod
ging for the following prices:
Board and bulging per week fu 00
Board per week.. $o 00
Sin i teals .......
Beds. 23 and 50
A Splendid Bar
Containing tin* very best of Liquors and cigars
has U en added l<* the establishment.
Cull and examine fi r vursclves. K. OLIVER.
S XD II
1). >1 VITK, Proprieloi*
plcasa I -
ilies and tran>ieul Boarders.
Board and Lodging at Reduced Prices.
nil D. MATER.
Day 0c AVI real on.
p|HE UNDERSIGNED U K
Nye and Conel.y, w horeafte
ry oa the
o • • • •. '
Montgomery and Uuntoon st reels. Oroville
«»«»«■ Wt s«l»l
can alwavs be furnished t•> parties fr-uu abroad.
F W. DV V
i';. \ ht . W VV
OROVILLE, SATURDAY APRIL ‘23, LSG-t.
fllrii' N f‘ * UERTIF V TH AT THE SUBSORI
rc.|uitfn:.-!.T' 4>r i ;.«* 1. .■> '■' \\ . >;aU'. .f Ca'if-ruin.
i itl • -i'. » 1 # » .*»: i -slid
Slat.-. entitled. •’ An .»• t n.« -i umg i’■*poralion>.''
l-.t-.' iA * --d. A. It 1 ■'•au. ... •! .ill a-auien
daV yto .-1 * -; 1 1 1 td a: ; and under and
hv :ri»i»■ I that certain act entitled, *Aa Act to
auil,<*rize .1. Bidwed. J. C. Man Av;l!e, and others
!•» a WaC ’.i 1: - i in the C->unti<s . |
Butte and Pluma*. (.!;■; rvtd April luh
‘Abed an A> I to auth-Eze J. lb-:.veil. J. C- M mde
viile and others to cnoduu, ; a AVap*u Iw> ad in the
Counties <*f Butte and Plumas—approved April
Ilth. W. 3, (approved March Wit ) And in con
formity with ' b tier laws relating to the fbrma
. . -
pane under the law.- aforesaid, and further declare
as bdi ivs :
Fihst.—The Corpora to name of said compare
Skc The object f said company i- to con
stru t. keep in repair and maintain a War »a Hoad,
comnuuiu.g at the town o? Chico, in the county
of Butte, d miming thence > y the most direct
’ ■ ftbeSUteof
ni.i, at or near w it i- known as Honey Lake Val
ley : to erect Toll Ca T e> there on. and to levy and
collect toll thereat f t animals and vehicles travel
ling up n the 'i n- of 'aid r«»ad.
Tuihd—The amount of the Capita! Stock of said
| company shal be Dollars
ForßTH.—The said company shall continue for
the term of
Fifth.- The business of said company shall l*e
! conducted by a Board of Direct u>. which Hoard
'hu i be composed of nine members of said com
S:\tii.—The t.;di . aru principal place of business
- •. md is t
the town of < hi.-o.in the county of Hutto and the
said town of Chico, in the county of Butte, is here
by d -vcriatf.i a< the place, and the 2bth day of
April, A. I>. I'-' t, a- the time * >r the mooting of
the ! ;!>ors hereto, for the purooses of ORGAN
In testimony whereof the undersigned have
here iuto >ct their hand' and seals, this 13th day ot
Ai r.I. A.I) ls»U.
Al (i II I II APMAN
n M CiIpHAN.
J. C. MURRELL.
r. r.» >. wood.
HA km PN lIA V.
J AS. A.COIK.
STOP THAT COITJHLML
SOME OF YOU CAN'T. AND WE PITY YOU.
V• •.i have tried every remedy bnt the one des
tined,by its intrinsic merit, t ■ supersede all similar
preparations. It is n--t surprising that you should
he reluctant to try something else after the many
experiments you have made of trashy compounds
foisted on the public as a certain cure; but
!■* really the very best remedy ever compounded
for the cure of Coughs. Colds. Sore Throat. Asthma
Whooping cough, Bronchitis and Consumption.
Thousands of p<%>plein California and Oregon have
; been already bvnelitted by the surprising curative
And with one accord give it their unqualified ap
probation. We now address ourselves to all who
are iiiKv qnamed with 11..'. tin* greatest Panacea of
the age. h r the healing <<f all diseases of the Threat
and Lungs, assuring you that
Has cured thousands and it cure YOU if you try
it. it is indorsed by the following gentleman, all
of them well km wn in San Francis .> as respeetable
citizens : K.S. Wmil.l LV. grocer. 3.‘>s Stockton
street ; H. P. HUBBARD. merchant. Sansome st.,
near Clay ; JAMES PRaTT, at Towne «V Baron’s
printers. Clay street, and hundreds of others in all
parts ..| Caiiiornia.
►HIDINGTON t V CO.. Sole Agents. 41*» and IH
r rout street, Sau Francisco, and for Kile by alt
Druggists. Cmar2s bin
Corner of Montgomery & Huntoon sts,.
11.. 3 )
(L - )
t*. » )
(L. S )
(1.. S >
Tm: l NDKiiSIdM.!! lIAVINU ITRCM ASKI» Tin:
« snitTfsl in tins t*sratilt.'him*iil. I.«- is n<*w
I lit •roughly repairing nu.,l new y rvflttii.u «-v,r\ depnri
iitent, lor t! accoiinuodatiou ni all who umy favor him
with their patr«nau<*
Having Ihvu engaged in the business for lb*' flf-
Uh a years he bo, «>s u* give general saiirfaclion to ail.
Open 3Dny mxcl IJislit.
Board can be hnd by th. day or we>*k. «>n the moat
retumiahle n*rms. Meals at ail hours, dnv night
April LKWIS CARPAXETO.
CITY MEAT MARKET
Schwein & Hust,
Alonigomvrv Street, C>r»villc«
.• k 'ep constantly on
h -nd a large and >p:eudid
Beef, Pork, Mutton,
AND MKATS i>K EVERY VARIETY ”
and die bes the c- unlry Mai k* t aIT ml*.
Filled in the nv-sl sniis aetory and accommiHtatinc man
■“ A'.l me.-u* delivered free of charge •.<• parts of
I e CUT
A liberal share of the j üb’u • patronage i* respectbih'r
<>i! . .-1. SCUWV IN’ Ac Ill’s?
UWINC. PURI lIASED OF JOHN GREEN
I ws 11.; 1 ■ we shall . ontbie.e the business at the old
stand. We keep constantly on hand
The Very Best of Meats,
And of every variety the market affords. No pair.-
wbe spared :ili all orders in the most siii-!ac
I* ry manner, while purchasers .an re*t assured
that tiny will be served With such an arti le as rep
ALL MEATS DELIVERED FREE OF CHARGE.
All orders wall receive prompt attention, and a
: solicited. W. W. BEN TO V.
s march’.S tf J.G. IRWIN.
Livery and. Sale Stable.
Frank Multner. Proprietor.
>‘age C ' Sta: a.
Having purchased and refitted
with Coral attached. I l*g leave to inform my
above bu'ine-ss in all Its bra’.cbes.
Sing ggies, Snddk
Horses et .. always ready.
My B ggtes, Harness etc., are new and of the
latest sty .<■. *
Part? uiar attenti- n will be paid to transient
of a:: si rids of 'r.H’k.
* ■ in lin-iial i .
arransoi tor iht at
THE UNION RECORD.
Causon L'itv, April 11th, 1664.
iiiUß Union Kecorb: —Owing to the fact
that we have been laboring under a severe
attack of the prevailing mama for (eel, and
that iu consequence our brain has been con
tinually muddled with "bricks” and things (not
re-1 ones in our hat. understand.) we have
neglected to come before the intelligent readers
ol the I'm on Reccbd wi lit our second comma
mention much iongcr than we desired. But
then it is never Wfc late to do good, and, con
sidering 'hat an apology for injticthig number
two might be more apropos than for its tardi
ness, wv w iii just sail in and try to make jteople
think our letters are loadable, for •eternal
brass is the price of life. ’
Since arriving in the sage brush. «c have
rnsbed around considerably, found quite a
number of old acquaintances, formed several
new ones, and tried to impress upon them the
fact that we are "considerable,'' stuffed our
pockets full of old papers to give ourself a
business like appearance ; but in this we over
did the thing, for we soon found people avoiding
us. and discovered that we had taken too many
papers, so that the bundle looked like a medi
cine case, and we were taken for a quack doctor.
A friend made us the happy recipient of some
feet, or, at least, a piece of paper with some
very handsome printing and pictures on it, and.
though we have no idea where the feel are.
have no doubt they are very good ones, and
tr- iJd sell them for a good price.
We have endeavored to make up our mind
how we liked the country, but have finally
concluded to reserve au unqualified opinion
until the effects of time arc shown in our
finances. It all depends on the •■feet.” There
is one very serious objection to Ibis country,
and that is ; the two features of facilities for
business and a comfortable place to live are
rarely found combined. Carson, Washoe and
tieuoa are all very pleasant places to live in—
the water is abundant and good, the air is pure
and pleasant, and the scenery is enchanting ;
but Fortune must bestow signal favors on au
individual who becomes wealthy very soon in
any of those localities. Un the other hand, in
those localities presenting the greatest facilities
for speculation, it is like excluding yourself
from all the comforts and pleasures of life to
remain. Virginia City is the groat mining
and commercial metropolis of the Territory, for
the very simple reason that necessity makes it
so. The resources of her mines arc immensely
rich and incxhaustablc, which is the only
favorable future about the place; for the
water is sickening, and the winds blow almost
continually as if “Old Boreas” had released bis
envenomed hosts to disperse the avaricious
throng from the barren hills which have so long
been his favorite haunts. In consequence of
the principal portions of the business of the
Territory being confined to particular localities
and as most of the emigration is to such places,
of course everything is overdone, and several
years will be required to bring things to their
proper level. The different vicissitudes and
the ups and downs in life to which we arc all
heir arc cot dissimilar here to other parts of
the world, though the extremes are greater,
and a man once upon the upward turn of the
wheel of fortune becomes fabulously rich, while
the poor unfortunate who happens to meet a
series of reverses goes to the last stage of
When we contemplate the millions upon
millions of dollars in bullion constantly stream
ing from this desert Territory, we are impressed
with the idea that the omnipotent hand ol God
wisely plac-d alkaline plains, bleak, barren and
rugged hills, and savage tribes, to guard and
obscure ibis treasure of the world from the
avaricious eyes of man. and to preserve it to be
discovered at the very time when His people
require it to pay those noble braves who are
dole:. ding the proud banner of freedom from
the assaults of those rebellious hordes of infamy
Surely, the wilderness has blossomed as the
I. ts N uvi.eon's Schemes. —'The San
Fraucisc-- INmocrat (German paper), of a dale
date, iu au article nn the French occupation of
Mexico, speaks at some length of the quiet
preparations being made by the United Slates
to repel foreign encroachments upon the North
A metiean continent. The following extract in
regard to Louis Napoleon is from a translation
furnished us by I’rof. Strauss :
In many respects 100 uncle was wiser than
the nephew. He perceived that England could
not more surely be brought to her downfall
than by a strong and mighty Republic. He
foresaw tho future when he signed the treaty
bv which Louisiana came in possession of the
United States, at the same tune speaking the
prophetic words: "This stroke of my quill
,K-‘r vs England's sway upon the seas." The
uncle perceived that France had but one natu
ral ally—that every gain of power of that ally
was a weakening of England, a*d tl at weaken
it g our Republic would revive the lifeblood of
Kngland. All this the nephew seems to have
forgotten. Instead f the sagacious policy of
tho first Napole.n are established the low and
despicable cabals of an adventurer, whose aim
is the partition of a nation whose unity the
older Nap .-o-. vi--w- Ja* a blessing to T ranee.
Upon the chair of the greatest man of the
century is tie w silt; g a despicable gambler,
whose highest triumph is to draw the cards
pel! me!!: whose court is a pool of corruption,
whose m 'i int mate counsellors are accused of
the grossest frauds. It is a maddening carnival,
iu which all are tumbling towards a precipice
a criminal game played w ith the liberties and
rights of nations. Hut there is a Nemesis
Mexico, which seemed to be unable to resist
three months, has become the rod which Louis
Nape . baa brt ghl upon bis own back,
hindering him in all his plans in Europe, laming
his arm in Italy, making him a dependence of
the English, who are ever ready to go band in
hand with the E'uited .States, if it leads to the
destruction of her arch foe. The sound sense
of the French people understood this from the
first moment, and therefore the Mexican war is
unpopular in France.
An able physiologist has written that one
fifth of the human body i? composed of phos
phorus. Bunch remarks that this most likely
POPPING THE Q¥ESTION.
We have beard of many cases of • ppit g
under very singular ci cum-tanccs—the ec
centric, tbe abropt. the busim -s like, the sil
ly, aid a band red other s'yles Of the ec
centric. we could file the cases of a well
known merchant, who. one d,y dining at a
friend s house, sal next to a lady who posses
sed rare chaims of conversation. 'l"he mer
chant did not possess this faculty in a very
rare degree, bat he could do that which is
next best, he couid appreciate, an apprccia
lion which he endeavored to show by the fol
lowing mode of action ;
■•Pi you like toast, >1 iss H 7”
"Yes." responded the lady, slightly surpris
ed at the question.
“ Buttered 1-,-ast 7 "
"That is strange; so do I. Let us get mar
Thera cannot be much doubt but that the
lady was taken slightly aback, a lact 'hat did
not prevent the marriage from coming off iu a
month afterwards, nor the accession of the la
dy to one of tbe fin ’st establishments in the
As a specimen of the abrupt, we shall cite
the case of a gentleman who had retired Irom
business at the age of forty, and built him a
beautiful bouse, determined to enjoy life to the
utmost. One day a friend was dining with
him. and said, half Jokingly :
"Yon have every thing here that the heart
can desire, but a wife.”
' IT ala true. 1 must think of it," said he ;
and then relapsed into silence for a few min
utes. at the end of which lime he rose, beg
ged to be excused for a short time, and left
the room. He seized his hat and went in
stantly to a neighbor s and wasshowo into the
parlor with the information that neither the
master nor mistress were at home. He told
the servant that he wanted neither, and re
quested that the housekeeper be si nt to him.
She came, and the gentleman thus addressed
"Sarah. 1 have known you for many years,
and have just been told that 1 want a w.le.
You arc Ibe only woman 1 know, that 1 should
be willing to entrust my happiness with.and
if you agree, we will bo instantly married.—
What is your answer?
Sarah knew the man that addressed her,
and knew that bis offer was serious, and as
well weighed as though considered for a year ;
and she answered him in the same spirit.
“Will you be ready iu an hour 7”
“1 shall return for you at that time.”
Which he did, the gentleman who had sug
gested the idea accompanying him to the cler
gyman's. Many years have passed since then,
and neither party has seen any cause to regret
the abrupt proposal and acceptance.
Of the business style, wc can cite a case re
lated to us, which we know for a true one.
A young man who had succeeded to the ill
kept and badly cultivated, though really val
uable farm of a deceased uncle, saw at a glance
two things absolutely necessary to enable him
to succeed ; the first being a wife to lake
charge ol the woman ? department, and the
second a few thousand dollars to stock it with.
He could not help thinking to himself that,
pos-ibly, these two grtat aids to bis happiness
and prosperity might be found together, and
yet without attempting to put his matrimonial
and financial ideas into practice, he allowed
them to haunt him continually.
With this upon his mind, our farmer started
upon a horseback journey to a distant part ol
the country, and upon his return made an ac
quaintance upon the road, in the person of an
old gentleman who was jogging the same
way. The companions dined together at a
wayside inn, and fraternized pleasantly, duiug
which tbe young man opened his heart to the
elder, telling him all his plans and aspirations,
when the old gentleman addressed the young
"I rather like you my friend, and your bon
cst way of telling your story, ai d if you will
come and sec me, I shall be glad I have
three daughters, all as good girls as ever lived.
Now, perhaps, one may be the very one you
are looking tor; if so, I will do my best to
ward making tbe balance of tbe matter agree
able. Hide over and see me to morrow, take
dinner and stay in the afternoon, w hich will
give you a fair chance to sCe them and judge.”
The young man instantly agreed to the
proposal, making only one condition, that the
young ladies should not be informed of the
nature of his errand. This was agreed to and
The next day, at Ibe time appointed the
young man dismounted at the door of the
boose of his new made friend, and was hearti
ly welcomed. The hour before dinner was
consumed iu looking over the farm, the young
man in admiring its keeping, and tbe old one
in approving of the sensible and practical re
marks of the younger, when the meal was an
nounced. and the three young ladies and their
mother were injroducrd. They were all, as
the old gentleman had said, fine girls, but the
younger, rosy cheeked, blue eyed and laugh
ing-faced. charmed tbe young tarmer especial
ly. The dinner over, they once more walked
out for a chat.
“Wall, how do you like my daughters?”
was the old gentleman’s first question.
"They are all nice girls, very nice,” said
the young man thoughtfully
“And which of them do you like best,” was
■ The' youngest, Kate, she is charming, and
if I am to be your son-in law, you must give
me K ate !”
•This w ill never do to take tbe youngest
and by all odds the prettiest,' said tho old
"I must have her nr none,” was Ibe re
sponse spoken decidedly.
“How much money did you say you want
“Five thousand dollars will put my farm in
excellent order, and make it wtrih twenty
thousand to morrow. I must have five thou
• I'll give you the sum with cither of the
other girl-.' said tbe 1 positively; ‘ but
I will give you three thousand with Ka'e '
"Then I may as well go to my home. Five
thousand I must have—l have set my mind
“And I have iust ass'rongly determined to do
on!v what 1 have sail." was the old gentle
mac's rcplv ; -so 1 suppose the matter is at
an end. However, we will be good friends
and you must sometimes run over and see
This ended the conference and they par‘ed.
The young mac mounted his horse, and rode
down toward the road, but just as be was
about opening the gate, stooping from his
saddle, tbe langing faced Kate sprang thr.-ugb
the shrubbery to save him tbe trouble.
“Can't yon accept my father's terms 7”
“Y'cs. by George I w ill, it you say sc," was
the instantaneous response.
“Then come over to-morrow morning before
ten o'clock and tell him so." and the girl van
ished like a fairy among the leaves.
Tie young man rode slowly home, but he
was ou'hand next morning, according to bid
ding. and married the fair Kate in two i*vnlhs
The horrible expression “Bully boy with a
glass eye.' is considered endurable when ren-
Thomas Starr King;.
by jous o. Buirran.
The great w rk ’.aid upon bis two-score year>
■ 1' d.'ue, and well d *ue. It we dr p our tears.
Who U‘vn3 him as few men were ever loved.
We m*arn no blighted h,«i»e nor broken plan
W ith h:tu whose lire Mauils roi nded and aj pr.ved
In the f«i;i and >utdre of a maa.
Mingle. O a! . g llie Western
Wtih your deep ! !1 a - mod • faith and hope ’
Wav, , hoer.ly U a;.r.,r half way down.
Fr. ;n masted bay «ud suppled town *
i et organ with .Is proudest swell
, Lift the proud sorrow ot the land, and lei I
That the brave sowers.,* hi> ripened grain.
«* Last and West. O unru and > . twain
N* more torever has be lived m vain
Who. j rie>t of Freedom. made ye one. and t, Id
Your biiiial service from bi> ot g -id I
French juries have a curions habit of
declaring criminals guilty, “with extenuating
circumstances.” and they do ibis sometimes
' under very odd cii cums’ances, as the following
instances, collected from a number ol French
I reports, show :
In a ir.au killed his mother, and then
: reduced the body to ashes m the fireplace. He
was found guilty, but with “extenuating cir
cumstances.” A bare verdict of guilty was
doubtlessly reserved in case any other man
. should advise himself to burn his mother before
1 she was absolutely murdered. In 1843, a
' servant girl committed several robberies on her
master and mistress, who, unwilling to prosecute
her, contented themselves with giving her notice
to leave. The girl profited by her short slay
to poison them both. The jury found her
| guilty; but, considering how much she must
have been irritated at the prosjuxt of being
discharged, added that it was under •extenu
About the same period, a young woman,
aged eighteen, w ho had not been married many
months. hapf>ening to have had some little dis
agreement with her husband, was guilty of the
horrible cruelty of pouring molten lead mto his
ear as he lay askep. He did uot die, but his
sufferings were intense u- d prolonged. The
girl was tried for the offence; her counsel did
not venture to affirm that Lis client had not
, committed the deed imputed to her. but sug
gested that it might have been the unhappy
result of a mental aberration to which pregnant
women are occasionally liable. The jury found
lids conceit so excellent that it “extenuated ihe
circumstances” up to the point of depriving
them of the semblance of guilt. They returned
a verdict recording the innocence of the inter
t s ing criminal.
A poor woman earned Rosalie, unable to
support her illegitimate child and not having
the courage to take it herself to the hospice les
enfous trouves, agreed with a neighbor that he
should convey it thither for a certain monetary \
consideration, to procure which the poor woman 1
gave her last sou, and sold the remnant of a
scanty wardrobe. When tlie day came, the
man expended the money in drink, and then
coolly threw the child on the ground, crushed
its head with the heel of bis wooden sabot , and
digging a hole, buried it out of his sight. It
wiil hardly be believed that any jury could find
extenuating circumstances in this ruffianly case;
but nevertheless so it was. Guilty, with the
invariable addition of les circumstaiucs ottenu
ates. A widow iu thedepar'ment of Vaucluse,
in 1 545. was proved to have buried alive three
illegitimate children in as many years. 'I he
same verdict was recorded.
Another woman, married to n bricklayer,
and who. it is to be presumed, bad at least some
sentiment ot hostility towards her husband,
took the opportunity, when he was working at
the bottom of a well, to kill him by literally
stoning him to death with her ow n hands. The
same verdict was returned. At Isere, a man ]
set fire to the loft whore ids father (a paralytic '
man of upwards of eighty years of age) slept, j
and fairly roasted him to death. It was re
numbered by witnesses that the accused Lad •
threatened his father in these words: “I would ■
like to see thee roasted like a toad on a shovel.” ;
And he had, to the best of bis ability, redeemed
bis promise. The jury, struck with admiration
at the scrupulous fidelity with which the-pris
oner kept his word, returned a verdict of guilty,
but with “extenuating circumstances.”
Change of Countenance.
Charles Bergen, a pi .vate in one of the New
York regimeois which lift this city for the seat
ot war in ISC 1. was taken sick soon after
reaching the field, when the surgeon of the
command to which he was attached (an inconi
potent man) dosed him with calomel until ho
was completely salivated, and could scarcely
move band or foot. What seemed to be a
cancerous formation made its appearance in his
throat, and he " a* finally discharged from the
army on ground of physical disabili’y. He
came home to die, and in December. 186‘d. was
admitted to the New York Hospital, where his
case excited much interest. 11 is upper jaw. lip
and one eye had been eaten away, and the car
tilaginous portion of his nose terribly mutilated
by the corrosive nature of the drug administered
to him. Dr. Buck, one of the oldest surgeons
attached to this excellent institution, at once
stop|« d the doses of calomel, and set to Work
to mak- bis patient a new face. Incisions w re
made in one cheek, and pieces of flesh drawn
over, from which a lip was formed. These
pieces were carefully joined, and at the expira
lion of a few months the Doctor had the pleas
tire of finding the parts firmly united. An
artificial jaw was then formed from one source
and a glass eye from another, and properly in
serted. Bergen continued to improve rapidly,
and. with bis new countenance, can hardly be
recognized by his friends At present, he is
engaged aj one of the corps nurses attached to
the institution. Shortly after his admission.
Superintendent Roberta, of the Hospital, had
a plaster cast made of Bergen’s face, which,
when compared with his present features,
cannot fail to excite wonder at the remarkable
change effected.—A’. 1. Tribune.
Rnvsosrs foe Dfsebtino.— A rebel Captain
recently came iuto our lir as at Chattanooga,
and took the oath f all'' -.ance lie gives the
follow ing explanation upon being asked why
he deserted the rebel cause:
Well, sir. if you would know why I deserted
the Confederate service, 1 will tell you It
cot because of the hardship? of camp life, or
the belie! that the South is right: that the Gen
eral Government ha? no coDsiilutional power
to cs-rce States; yet 1 deserted; and have just
ttk-.u the amnesty oath. Well, you may be
astonished My reasons for deserting are ; I
could no longer fight against a Government
that is feeding my wife and children, and keep
ing from my door starvation and want. 1 have
been in the Confederate service over two years
but when 1 found the l uited States were
feeding gratuitou-ly the families of those in
arnu against them I resolved that I would no
longer carry a Confederate sword.
Litti.f, Expejsbs.— What maintains one
vice would bring up two children. You may
think that a little tea. or a little punch now
and then, diet little more costly, clothes per
haps a little finer, and a little entertainment
now and then, can be do matter; bn; remem
ber. many a little niabes meible : and further,
beware of Mule expenses ; a small leak will
sink a great ship.
Credit. A wise provision by which coo-
I'm Batti.i Gkocnd oi GcrmtoM. —A
g.w>: ••All the bodies ef the Union soldiers
hare low bet a disinterred fn*ro iLe pits and
the bfttt . aed carci. y boned io Ibwr appro
priate places in the cemetery. Ihe total
Vl> nt one thousand of them are unknown, and
deputed in that part of the inclosure sot apart
.. I. New b
fourth of the who <. number of the s’.aio belong
New 1 Ma
k >wn bodies have since been recognized, their
Faroes having been discovered from litters,
ph iu graphs, medals, diaries, clothing, and
oilier things found up*>n the corpses. Quite an
a.' .. t of money, in small sums ranging from
the fractional part of a dollar up to fitly dol
lars. was aiso found upon these bodies by thoso
who dt sin I erred them. Thirty six dollars m
gold were found in the pockt l of one. and thirty 1
to forty dollars—pajn r and gold —in the gar
ments of others, besides many relics, mementoes,
tic. All this money and these relics have been]
taken care of by the Committee, properly
labeled, and held in safi keeping for the rela
tives,should they ever be discovered. An elegant
hunting case gold watch and five or six silver
watches were also found upon different bodies.’’
Foreigners and inf English Language. -
The English language must appear fearfully
and wonderfully made to a foreigner. One of
them, looking at ap. jrc of a number of ves
sels. said : “See what a Hock of ships.” Ho
was told that a dock of ships was called a fleet,
i but that a fleet of sheep was ca led a flock.
And it was add* d. for bis guidance in mastering
the intricacies of our language, that a flock of
girls is called a U vy, that a bevy of wolves is
called a pack, and a pack of thieves is called a
gang, and a gang of angels is called a host, and
a host of porpoises is called a shoal, and a shoal
of buffaloes is called a herd, and a herd of chil
dren is called a troop, and a troop of partridges
i is called a covey, and a covey of beauties id
called a galaxy, and a galaxy ol ruffians ia
calhd a horde, and a hoard of rubbish is called
a heap, and a heap of o\cn is called a drove,
and a drove of blackguard’s is called a mob,
; and a mob of whales is called a school, and a
I school of worfbippers is called a congregation,
and a congregation of engineers is called a
; corps, and a corps of r bbers is called a band,
and a band of locusts i- called a swarm, and a
swarm of people is called a crowd, and a crowd
lof gentlefolks is called the elite , and the clue ol
; the city’s thieves and rascals are called the
roughs, and the miscellaneous crowd of city
folks is called the community or the public,
according as they are spoken of by the religious
community or secular people.
r*£TßOi.Ki m is exported to every country in
the world In IBf>l we shipped 1.112,476
gallons; in 1833 it rose to 10.88*7,701 gal
lons and in 1803 it reached the extraordinary
quantity cf 28,000,000 gallons. Of this total
1 'J ,544.(104 gallons wore shipped from New
York. In addition to this foreign export, the
home demand is enormous. *1 hough the whole
business is strictly a new one. yet it has al
ready assumed shape and stability. Ships for
conveying it to England are constructed oil
I tight, and the barrels empted directly into the
hold, thus carrying it into bulk. The export
of last year employed what was equal to 252
ships of 1.000 tons each, and was worth near
1815,000.00(1 il crude. The export lor this
! jea is estiu*aled at 30,000,200 gallons.
Many Facts in Small Compass —The
number of languages spoken is 2,094. The
number of men is about equal to the number
of women. The average «>f human life is
thirty three years. ()nc quarter die before the
age of seven. To every one thousand persona
one rarely reaches the age of one hundred
years, and act more than one in five hundred
w ill reach the age ol eighty.
There are on earth 1,000,000.000 inhabi
tants. Of these about 33,333.333 die every
year. 01,824 die every day. 7.780 every hour,
and CO every minute. These losses are bal
anced by an equal number ot births. The
married kre longer lived than the single. Tall
men live longer than short ones. Women
have more chances of life previous to the aee
of fifty years, but fewer after than men. The
number of marriages is in proportion of sev
enty to one hundred. .Marriages are more fre
quent after the equinoxes, this is. during the
months of June and December. Those bora
in the Spring are more robust than the others.
Births and deaths are more frequent by night
than by day.
Discouraging from Idaho. —Chase, a re
turned Boise miner, is not by any means :-an
guine about the chances in that inhospitable
region. He says the mines in California are
much richer than those of Idaho—that in the
latter country they occupy a very limited
space and are poor at that. It wascslimal
ed that 80.000 men in Idaho were out of em
ployment. and everything exorbitantly high.
The climate is cold ai d they have ice there in
August. It is nothing uncommon to have
four or five feet of snow which lasts through
lbe Winter. —Aurora Tunes.
Eyes. — Major Noah says a hazel eye inspires
at first sight a platonic sentiment, as securely
‘founded as the ruck of Gibraltar. A woman
with a hazel eye never elopes from her husband,
never chats scandal, never sacrifices her hus
band’s comfort to her own never talks 100
j much nor 100 little—always is an intellectual,
I agreeable and lovely creature. The gray is the
! sign of shrewdness and talent. Great thinkc.s
and captains have it. The dark hazel is noble
in its significance as well as its beauty. The
1 blue ia amiable, but may be feeble. Th 1 black
take care! there’s thunder aud lightning
Key. Gto. Gilfillan, of England, pleas
antly remarks : ‘lt is generally understood
Itbat the first -hot, let it be fired where it
| may, will aw u k«.n ail the guns on the conti
nent, and that then shall be seen the awful
sight of a blazing Europe responding to the
fires of a blazing America, like Vesuvius re
plying to Cotopaxi across the deep. ’ If C 0....
.... were a little farther north the simile
would be better.
4 r. Cuckoo. —The notes of this bird have
been heard in the San Joaquin valley, but the
|b rd itself has not yet been seen. So says a
St' ckton paper. It’s a queer bird, that—but
it’s home is a “hole in the ground. *
Nova Scotia Grindstones are now largely
>uperceded be those obtained in Ohio, which
for aM :ne different varieties of grit, either for
wet or dry grinding, are pronounced equal, if ,
( not superior, to the best English stone.
Advick to horse fanciers—Bridle your am
’ i.ition and curb your desires. or you will, some
ifit'C iDornsr.tr.find yourself without a bit to
I put in your mouth, and even your horses will
j t>e saddled with debt.
It is said that the Tartars invite a man to
drink by gently pulling his tzr. A good
many of our people w ill generally "lake a
pull" without waiting to have their ears pull
A Richmond paper boasted a while ago
that if the rebels ever caught Grant they
would skin him alive. A jiag-GrayU opera
tion. as yet unaccomplished.
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