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THE MM RECORD. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING JAB , ...tnt. DEMOTT. Publisher* and Proprietors. Ollier on filed Street. Between Myers and Hum toon Street*. TERMS. One year per Mail *■» |* Sir months do * JJJ? Three months do - w Delivered by Carrier per month • Single copies ADVERTISEMENTS: Per square of ten lines or less, first insertion 1 1 Oo Earh subsequent insertion 1 A liberal diseonnt will he made in favor of those who advertise by the year. Business Cards inserted on reasonable term*. BUSINESS CARDS. JAMES GREEN, COMMISSIONER OF DEEDS FOR Novnd/v Territory- Office—County C lerk's Office, Court House. H. VAN ALSTYNE MOTT, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Will practice his profession in Oroville ami vi cinity. Can he consulted at his office as follows; Butte Bounty Hospital At his office on From 8 to 10 a a pomery street fMI» ■J. and 8 t > 7 P **-Persons wishing to he treated f-r any form of disease. will be furnished pleasant rooms at the Hospital, at a moderate charge. F. M. SMITH, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Office UpStairs, lluntoon Street, Orovilie. A. MAURICE, JR. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW Will practice in all of the Counties of the Sec ond Judicial District, and In the Supreme Court. Office—on Bird street,between lluntoon and Myers streets, Oroville. sep.'-hltf. E. S. OWEN, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW Forbestown, Butte County. California. FAULKNER & Co. Corner Myers and Montomery Streets. Oroville. E. LANE & Co. ■ c a m*. K ■« » , Montgomery Street, OROVILLE i.O.SILPSOS.J I TUOS. CALLOW A. G. SIMPSON, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in BOOKS AND STATIONERY. STAPLE AND FANCY ARTICLES, Theatre Block, lluntoon street, Oroville. E. DUNHAM; U.S ASSESSOR AND COLLECTOR OF BUTTE COUNTY, CAL. OFFICE—On Myers Street, Between Montgomery and Bird Sterel OROVILLE. THOMAS WELLS, ATTORNEY' AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC. Oflir —li» Tlu ntcr nnlitilng. Has resumed the practice of l.aw in all the courts of Justice, in Battc and adjoining counties. CHARLES F. LOTT, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. AND NOTARY PUBLIC. OROVILLE P.tTTK Cor NTT. Office—Bird St., between Mversand lluntoon. J. M. BURT, attorney and counsellor at law. Practices in the courts of the 2d Judicial D.strict and in the Supreme court. OFFICE -In Hurt's brick building, up stairs, on Bird street. Oroville. D. C. BURLINGAME, DENTIST, OFFICE—In Mathew-’ Brick IV.;dd ing. on llaut ' Mi St., between Mont goraery and Bird Streets. OKOVllalaK. W. PRATT, M. D. PftYSI C I A N AX D SURG E 0 N Kork frok, Unite Co—Cal. S. ROSENBAUM, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Office—Court House. Oroville. JAS. O’BRIEN, M.D. PHYSICIAN VXD S U R <7 EON. Particular attention ; ;i d to Chr rdc Diseases, and all others common t ■ this country. Has had large experience in hospital and family practice, and confidently hopes for a share of public patron age. OBn Within tn store. Myers street, Oroville. J. BLOCH & Co, DEALERS IN GROCERIES AND MIXERS SUPPLIES. Montgomery street. Or, •.Rle. GEO. C. PERKINS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN GROCERIES, PROYBIOMS AND PRODUCE, Corner Myers and Montgomery streets, Orcvillu. r o printers: A SUPER-ROYAL WASHINGTON PRESS Nearly new, for sale at this office. THE WEEKLY UNION RECORD. HOTELS, &C. International Hotel Corner Montgomery and Lincoln »t«.. Orovllle. RALPH BIRD, PROPRIETOR. THE PROPRIETOR would ashore the resident: of Oroville and the traveling public. that no nu-a’i will 1* left untried to enable him to deserve a share of their patronage. THE TABLE Is supplied with every luxury of the season, and every thine will l*e done to insure the comfort of the guests at this house. THE BAR Win always be supplied w ith choice li<iuors aad cigars. Single Meals Cents. Lodgings .50 to 75 Cents. «w. The Office of the California Stage Company is ai the International. Stages leave this hotel every day for all parts of the country. RALPH BIRD. BARNUM EESTA.tTHA.KT! Corner Montgomery *V liuntoun Streets, . OROVILLK. THE UNDERSIGNED. PRO prietor of this establishment.'sf, ij ° J ‘hereby informs the Public that he is prejiared to furnish meals at all hour, day and night, composed of all the substantial* and delica ies of the season which the market affords. BALLS, PARTIES. And Assemblies of every nature , willbe supplied with Dinners, Suppers and Coll a lions, iu the best style and on the most liberal terms. (’■•nnected with the Restaurant is a BAR. where an always be found the best and every description t Liquors. TERMS: S 5 oo Hoard per Week Single Meal* Board per Week with Lodging I.foldings per Mglit *-4A aplhtf J. REYNOLD, Proprietor. 4 » r. on ST. NICHOLAS HOTEI, Orov i 11 o. r UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECT * fully inform his friends and the public gene rally that he has rented the - ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL,’* (formerly kept by Frank Johnson.) in Oroville, : d he would be pleased to see his friends, when ver they will give him a call. ROBERT O’NEIL, Proprietor. Oroville. June 10th, I*o3. WHAT CHEER HOUSE. OROVILLE, Montgomery street Between Myers and Huntoon Streets. SUBSCRIBER RESPECTFULLY T.V I forma hia friends and the public, that he fur, tii.hes at the ab.ivehou.se thr best board and d giug for the following prices: Hoard and lodging per week $6 00 Board per week.. $3 00 Single meals and 50 A Splendid Bar Containing the very best of Liquors and cigars lias been added to the establishment. Call and examine for yourselves. R. OLIVER .GOLDEN GATE niLSTAUnANT, Corner of Montgomery & Hnntoon sts.. OROVILLE. The undersigned having purchased the entire interest in Ibis establishment, he is now jrMy repairing and new ly refitting every depart i-*r the accomm- dation of all who may favor him w th their patronage Having been engiged in the busine.<s for the » a.«: fif teen years he ho. e> give general sax.-faction to all. Opcix Dny anci Nislit. Board can be had by the day or we-*k. on the mos retv« 'r.4*'e terras. Meals at ail hour*, dav night April M U Wl; oNRPaN ETC. CAL. NOR. RAILROAD MARYSVILLE & OROVILLE tv* -3fc£vrv Regular trains leave marvsvtlt ft-r Oroville daily—connecting at Oroville with > - ft Stag Shast id the N rthern Mines. agMarysi IU Sunday ex epted at I a. M id 3 P. M- Sondaj i led) at BA. M and 6 P M. S nday- Leave Marysv:at 3 F M. LeaveO . i ea! G P. M. Freight reaching Marysvi’le by steamboat, cm ■gotd t-v-Careof KaJroad. will l»e received on f: - • . to Oroville without cost for forwarding commission or dray age. At Oroville. merchandise for ** up country” wi* be stored in the Railroad Depot, and delivered t orver of owner- free of charge. febCOtt ANDREW J. BINNEV. Sup't OROVIIIE, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE •>. 1864. PAYING WITH KISSES. ‘■Tell me. dear husband." Kitty said. “Before wo go, I pray. How shall I get the meat and bread For oar noon meal to-day ?” “Bnr them with sm:le«." the husband cried; “But that won't pay,** said she; “Then take this kiss.*' her lord replied. And to Lis shop went he. The noon tide came, and he came too, And dinner was prepared; A tender steak was fnll in view. • Quite splendid!" he declared. He said he wished to have such meat Three times a day in fata re; “But tdl me, love, for this great treat What did you pay the butcher ?*’ “What did I pay?—l paid the kiss; Twas all you left, you know;*' “A-a-l-I right,” said be. “but after this Take money irhen you go. Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun. — Being at that time a member of Congress, and having occasion to call upon the President on some business of a consilient. I found him in his reception room, in the piesence of some fifteen or twenty persons casually assembled there, most of whom he had probably never seen before, to whom he wasd.se arsing warmly on the great topics of the day. “Mr. Calhoun/’ said he. “talk? of a reserved constitutional right of nullification, as if any constitution could provide for its own destruction. He has got a lew county court lawyers to back him ; but,” the President said, placing his hand on a large file of letters. “I’ve got the people of the United States. If he means the law of nature, that’s another thing. But what is the law of nature? 11*s Andrew Jackson with his musket on his shoulder, and that’s a game, he’ll find, that two can play at.” As be uttered the last words, he straightened himself tip and made motion of “carry arms.” I his was a definition of tie jus natuici (law of nature), different from those of Grotius and Puffendorf, but not ill adaj ted to the exigencies of the times. In fact, General Jackson hud determined to set bis iron heel on the i: cipient rebellion, and he made no secret of Lis firm purpose, with the first overt act in Carolina, to arrest Mr. Calhoun. Hap pily for him ai d his friends, the compromise tariff brought forward by Mr. Clay, at the next session, (with the best intentions, 1 am sure, though as a member of Congress and a warm friend of Mr. Clay. I voted against it.) formed a bridge, over which the nullifiers were able to make a not wholly ign millions retreat. Look ing hack on these transactions under the light of experience, there is good reason for the opinion that it would have been better for the country, in finitely better for the South, if bis treasonable conspiracy had been allowed to run its natural course and meet its just fate. If the serpent of nullification had been strangled in South Carolina in 1832, by the hero of New Orleans, secession would not under her lead, in 1860-*6l, have shot forth its hydra heads throughout the South. —Edward Everett. The Monroe Doctrine. —When an over grown, lubberly mastiff manifests his canine displeasure at any person or thing by his hoarse bow wow, all the lilt le pups in the neighborhood immediately follow suit and set up a yelp of defiance. So it is with na’ions; now that “the nephew of his uncle” has taken advantage of the crippled condition of the United States, and set up a gill paper empire in Mexico, the ittle distempered cur known as Spain grows suddenly courageous and barks with the savage fury engendered by a sense of security. “Rot ten, cowardly Span as the Old Piute aptly says, “that hadn’t whipped nothing for the last two hundred years, now that our people are engagid in an accursed, internecine war, takes the opportunity to commit acts of gross outrage upon Peru, thinking, no doubt, that she can ride roughshod over Peru, and thus, through her, the Monroe doctrine, as hitherto sustained by our Government. But what makes us the madd st is the faet of their impudence and in terference at the present state of our home affairs Spain, had we been in good health, would have betn groveling at our feet in abject submission, this day ; but, instead of that, the dirty, sneaking whiffet has the impudence to interfere in American affairs.” But a day of reckoning will eventually roll around: the Western hemisphere is devoted to Freedom and Protestantism, (which a glance over the world will show to go hand in hand.) and none of the worn out, emasculated despotisms of the Old World can successfully interfere. Sprightly.— The New York Daily Times ha* a letter writer in the Pacific coast country. His last letter from San Francisco concludes in a sprightly manner. After assuring the eastern people that the want of rains will make many millions difference in the yield of the California gold mines, he suddenly remarks: "1 am called away by dispatch, and have got to go up to that hard old country, Washoe— in about ten minutes; that is. set out for it, and have not packed my paper shirt collar and wooden comb ; so I must leave you. If I don’t get shot through the head, in the neck, or down some > I those shutes or deep shafts in that mining inferno, I will tell you all about things on my return. It is a dangerous country and chock full of holes, and a fellow is in danger every moment of fal ing down through into China. The last time I was up there I saw a friend walking about near the edge of a deep shall, and two days ago met him on the wharf coming up from the diiection of a vessel just in from “somewhere.” with a small caddy of tea under one arm and a policeman under the other. It looked to me as if fie had gone down sud denlv without paying his bill in Virginia, which explained the policeman, and the lea caddy, and where he had been.” A “Moral” for Editors —The following is affectionately recommended to the earnest attention cf the editorial fraternity of Califor nia : Soon after his establishment in Philadel phia. Franklin was offered a piece for publica ti in bis newspaper. Being very busy, he begged the gentleman would leave it for con sideration. The next day the author called and asked h s opi: i n of it. “Why, sir.” replied Franklin. “I am srrry to say I think it highly scorn: a* and defamatory. But being a' a !o*s, on account of my poverty, whether to reject it or not. I thought 1 would put it to this is*ue—at nigh*, when my work was done. I bought a two penny loaf on which I supped heartily, and then, wrapping myself in my great coa r , slept very sound yon the floor till morn ing when another loaf and mug of water af forded a pleasant breakfast. Now, sir, since I can live very comfortably in this manner, why shoo’d I prostitute my press to personal hatred or passion Ur a more luxurious living?’’ A pamphlet la*e!y published broaches the theo-y that a man i* what a woman makes him. According to the author’s dictum, if a wife makes her husband a pudding, he is a pudding. A German wrote an obituary on the death of his wife, of wh ; ch the following is a copy : • if mine vife bat lived until next Friday, she would have been dead shust two weeks. Noth ing is possible mit der Almighty. As de tree falls so must it stand.” Indifference to Death. One of the most striking illustrations of the force of habit is the perfect indifference with which soldiers go into battle. This is not a characteristic of American soldier? more than of English or French, probable, though it is exhibited in a bolder relief, because oar inn; is composed of volunteers, generally men of in telligence. of religions training, and fresh ftom the peaceful pursuits of life. Yet the power of adaptation to circumstances is so string iu the American nation that within less than a year—often in six months —the raw recruit is transformed into the veteran soldier, who cares at little hr death as the grizzly Zouave and Turcos who gave the critical stroke at Solferioo. and nearly wiped out their regiments in this dangerous assault. 1 here ha»t been plenty of gallant charges in Ibis war equal to that, or the attack of the light brigade at Balaklava. It is quite shocking to a fastidious mind to read, as one often does, of the thoughtless, reckless behavior of our troops on the evening before a battle. The order has been read which dooms a man out of 6ve or six to death or wounds. Every man knows that he is to be fired at with rifle shot, rouod shot, grape shot, and Minie balls, for eight or ten hours; that be will probably be called on to charge a fortification or to lake a battery ; that be will be exposed to death during that whole time, whether lie lies down, stands still, walks, runs or rides. There is no escaping the risk, unless he runs away before the battle begins, and that be bus no tfaowgbt of doing. Now, it would be sup posed by persons accustomed to dwell much on the solemnities of the future, that a soldier s camp on the evening before a battle would be a scene of meditation and mental and spiritual preparation for the dread ordeal of the morrow : that the regimental chaplains would seize upon the occasion to hold religious services, which would be generally attended by the soldiers : and that the only absentees would be these who were engaged in writing last letters to their friends, and making their wills if they had anything to leave. Nothing can be farther from the truth than this imaginary picture. If the evening before a battle is remarkable over other evenings in the history of camp life, it is that the men tell more stories, laugh louder, smoke more pipe's, and arc generally jollier than at other limes. letters occash Daily get into print, written by officers, stating their fixed belief that they shall die in the coming battle, and taking a 'ad farewell of wife and family. If they chance to die. the letters are published, and pass as "extraordinary presentiments.” But the great majority of the rank and tile do not indulge in these mournful anticipations, either in their own minds or on paper. They do not expect to be killed. And strange as it may seem to us dwellers in peaceful ways, that are so careful of our lives and limbs on all occasions, they do not much care if they .are killed. As for the chaplain, it must be said, with every respect for his t fficc, he is not gt n erally sought for nor heeded on the evening before a battle. His ministrations on Sunday may be attended by the regiment, but be finds it hard to rally a dozen on the more solemn occasion to receive perhaps bis last uSeclionate ci unscls. It was stated by a geulleman, who saw and counted the number, that out of a whole brigade the chaplain by hard persuasion could only collect an audience of fourteen, just previous to Burnside’s disastrous attack on the heights above Fredericksburg. The rest of the brigade whistled, played games, smoked, aud kicked up their heels on the grass, just as if i hey were going on a pleasure excursion instead of into a tempest of shot and shell from w hich hundreds of them never returned alive. Rightly viewed, there is nothing profane or highly cen surable in this indifference to the grave realitiis of the hour. It is well meant on the soldier’s part, and should be accepted with the best coostructioo that can be pul upon it. Fighting battles to anticipation is worse thau fighting them in reality. "Cowards die a thousand deaths, brave then but once.” The brave sol dier may well dislike to dwell too closely on the horrors and fatalities of the approaching battle ; and it is not surprising that he affect, if he does not feel, an aversion to all ceremonial preparations for his possible death. Criticise or comment upon this gay indifference to fate as we may, it must be admitted that, when backed by energy and endurance, it is the stuff that wins the battles.— Journal of Commerce. American Hospitality. —George Augustas Sula writes to the London Telegraph that Americans beat the world in hospitality, and says : “In France, you know, you get little but sugar and water out of your friends; in Ger many nothing but smoke, and in Italy there are some grand houses w here you can only obtain supper by paying fur it. In Spain you can procure nothing to cat. because beyond egg', and chocolate, and garlic, (here is nothing to eat. But in the United States you may rum your digestive organs for nothing iu a fortnight. If the oysters and the canvas-back ducks don’t give you dyspepsia, the eternal ice creams and candied sweetmeats will; and when you fall sick you will find plenty of kind friends to press Hosteller's and Brake’s Plantation Bitters as curatives on your acceptance. All this is done in sheer bounteous generosity and kindness of heart.” The Frozen Horn. —Baron Munchausen relates, in one of his marvelous tales, that it was so cold one day in Russia when he began to play a tune on bis trumpet, that half of it froze in the instrument before it could gel out, and in a few months afterwards, while in Italy, he was startled to hear, of a sudden, the rest of the tune come pealing forth. When Lincoln was elected President, the rebels looted an air on the Southern horn that Lincoln would surely abolish slavery in all the States. This air fell frozen on Northern ears at the time. But the beat of three years' battles has warmed up the Southern horn or the Northern atmosphere, and the truth which the rebels originally pro claimed is now being felt throughout the nation.— Territorial Enterprise. Grand Calico Movement.— The latest manifestation of the patriotic sentiment in the East is the anti-importation movement of loyal women. A correspondent of the New York Tribune, writing from Washington, under date of May 3d. says : The loyal ladies here are earnest in their anti-importation movement, and already have some of the wealthiest women of Washington donned the domestic calico. Gold must go down and currency np. Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton suggests the greenback style of prints for these robes of patriotism. Here is one fashion that the broadcloth sex can heartily commend. Let it be understood among patriotic ladies that calico is your only wear—the greenback pattern having the preference — Weave no more silks, ye Lyons looms. To deck the girls for gay delights I The crimson flower of battle blooms. And solemn marches till the nights. A neat calico dress would be quite charming. Banish he Bon Ton.' Away with fashion plates ! Ofler your point lace upon the altar of your country 1 Declare your independence of guipure, moire antique, honiton and other begnilements of the dry goods men I I: i= very patriotic. Moreover, it shortens the bill and saves oar gold.— Union. A vert magnificent mansion is about to be built in Paris by Baron Rotbscbild. It will cost nearly four millions of francs. Loss of Cattle in the Lower Counties. There is no loss without some gain. Frjtm a gentleman who visited our re ms from Sac Bercardino, we gathered mary important items of the true condition of the lower counties. That there has been a lares loss of cattle in that section of the Sta’e there can be no doubt, for we learn that Abel Stearns. Esq . the gnat stock man of Los AogeWs. has lost some 12.0i"' head. Another large stock man has lost 3000 head, and of ers less numbers, according to the ei’ent of their herds. Bat that this is a calamity, or even a loss to our State, we do not believe There was a cn at surplus of these a i 1 and a'cist worthless cattle, all their value being their hides; these were gathered without the trouble of knock;. g down the cattle, for they were already down, and the owners s-’ld the hides readily. It is a sins; ;lar fact, that wefc this great loss ot stock, no .Lvcnrau catie •cf'c lost. We should esteem it the best thing (dr the country to get rid of these wild and worthless stock and breed and keep only the better kind. A good American beef b-ings S2O to S4O when fat —a wild ox S 2 t. S 3 and they eat up the en'ire country. It does not pay, and ranchers are beginning to see this. There is another great evil gr. wing out ol these immense herds of wild cattle, ai d these ranches of ter. and twenty lb. usand ac - es ; b ; g ranches occupy a'i the best land, and being open, not fenced or cultivated, are called wild land acd taxed at a valua'ion of only 10c an acre, and §2 valnation a head for cattle, while smail faims. cultivated ai d fenced, and an or nament and benefit to a win !e community, are taxed at a valnation ol SP an acre, and S2O a hea l valuation f t American cattle. Thus the some quality of laud is taxed be cause it is unproved, with all the improve ments. at a largely increased ratio, while land lying idle, with wild cattle, goes alnn st clear. Which bentfi’s the country most ? We think if all the wild cattle were to die off. and the large tiacts of land cut up into small farms. ourßtate would be greatly the gainer. The la'e d■ ought will, we think, compel many large owners to sell their land. This will be a benefit to our State, and w< si that good w ill come out of evil, or rather w hat was esteemed a calamity, proves but -a bless ing in disguise.” Several of the large Spm.’sh ranches are now being cut np aiul sold at 63 an acre The crops in and around San Bernardino are very lair, and the prospect is there will be as much grain as last year. Our informant has already cut one crop of alfalfa, and the clover is again six inches high. T his shows the advanced sta'e of the season and the bright prospect before ns. even down in the lower counties, where so dark a picture has been held up before ns. Marked Artici.es. —Some of the marks which are fastened on blankets, shirts, etc., sent to the Sanitary Commission for the sol diers. show the thought and feeling at home. Thus, on a homespun blanket, but washed as clean as snow, was pinned a bit of paper which said ; “This blanket was carri.d by M illy AI drich (who is ninety-three years old) up hill and down lull, one and a half miles, to be given to some soldier," On a bed quilt was pinned a card saying : “My son is in the army. Whoever is made warm by this quilt, which I have worked on for six days and most all of six nights, let him remember his mother's love.'' On another blanket w as ties : “This blanket was used by a soldier in the war of 1812—may it keep some soldier warm in this war against traitors.” On a pillow was written : “This pillow be longed to my Mule boy, w ho died resting on it; it is a precious treasure to me, but I give it to the soldiers.” On a pair of woolen socks was written : “These stockings were knit by a little girl five years old, and she is going to knit some more, for mother says it w.II help some poor soldier." On a box of beautiful lint was this mark: "Made in a sick room, where the sunlight has not entered for nine years, but where Ood has entered, and where two sous have bid their mother good bye, as they have gone.” On a bundle containing bandages was written: "This is a poor gift, but it is all 1 had ; 1 have given my husband and my boy. and only wish I had more to give, but 1 haven't.” Southern Chivai.rv.— Parson Brownlow, a Southern man born and bud, don't admit the superiority of the Southern chivalry, claimed by the Richmond papers. Here is his style of showing np "our Southern aristocrats” : Who are they as a general thing, and whence did they come? Twenty years ago this one made candles, one was a tanner of raw-hides, one sold butter, eggs and chickens, one butch ered. another worked in a blacksmith shop, another carried on a distillery, aud another was the white servant of some man of property. They were them w ith their families, elbowed out of the “first circles nf society " as they now pretend to elbow out others. They are a peo ple in the South acquainted with both ends of society—ns their chi dren are made to be by this rebellion—though it will not do to say so out loud I Often now you find the female class of these toiling, but ambitious worms, boasting that all the respectability of the country have embarked upou the same rebel sea they are on! They even now turn up their noses in derision at those who have more character, more money, more credit, and more to live on than they hav.-, with seven fold the stock of patriotism they can boast. Confederate Heaves.— lt's alive with “Dimmyerats, ’ and its fountains spout nothing but lightning w hi.-ky. Although it is eminently a peaceful clime, the little boys carry Arkansas tooth picks ; and the big chiefs wear wampun belts, composed entirely of Yankee’s ears, and drink altogether ‘from Abolitionists’ skulls. These ornaments and convivial vessels are cheaper there than they are at Gettysburg. No free negroes are admitted to that laud of Hoc-lab ; they are not considered Constituti.n al. Nothing but evangelical Confederate gospel is allowed to be preached. After their regular fi .gging. contraband Christians take the sacra ment at the quarter-, and with chock aprons on their beads, loliow their benefactors to contra band glory, where Abolitionists cease from troubling and wearied Butternuts are a' rest. Thrice happy heaven 1 where little negro cfcer übiois. with palmetto wings and butternut pants, flit ab-.nt in perpetual servitude, without the guardianship ol blood hounds or the stimu lus of the raw hide.— American Flag. An Illinois lawyer, defending a thief, wound up his speech to the jury in behalf of his injured client with the fell wing rousing appeal: • True, he was rude—so air our boars. True, he was rough—so air our bcffiilers. But he was a child of freedom, and his answer to the desp,ot aod tyrant was that bis home was on the bright setting of the son 1” A story is told of a yonng Frenchman who wanted to enlist trom Pittsficid. Massachusetts, but he was under size and so was rejected. He was determined to go. however, and wrote to Mr. Lincoln, teiling him so. The President liked his spirit, and replied, if he would show his letter to a certain New York cavalry recruiting officer, he guessed be would take him —and bo did. Plain Questions. Under this head a Copperhead paper pr pounds a lew questions, some of which we wi answer: ■•Have vou ever k"'wi a Democrat to; > :fv a vb-iatk n oftbe C astitatiou: ' Yes: Amos Kendall and a Lost of others, a the] stii it irary t Baca and destruction of mail matter by Sou.her; postmasters. “ Have v □ evt r known a stamp act ecac’ed under a D mocratic admit iitrai. Vrt : the Ca.itoroia Pass«: per S amp Act. Have you evei . ■ ■ - passed a Dei atrationl Yes; under the Admiuisliat; :i during the war of 1812, when maty were dialed into the service. ■ Have you ever known the lime, except the preset.’. w heu a citizen could be incarcerated in a dungeon without the authority ot law V Yes; many s, when, ii S U ted States wi t <; ;• Co: lined in durgeons. bat htir.it. or tarred a -i fea'hered, •• witi >ut the authority of law “Have you ever known a Kemocra'ic Presi de. :.t to suspet d the writ of habeas cc r. - \ es; Gt son. i be s it was before he was President, but that suspension of the habeas corpus was wh»‘ made him a Democratic President, aid a Democratic Concress afterwards justified the act. "Have you. b- 1 re this, known a time wl n the military was made suterior to the civil power Yes; durii g the last war with Great Britain "Have you ever known a citizen to be sent into banishment and exile under Democratic rule V’ Yes ; Underwood ai d scores of others, eiti ze;,s of that Stole, were exiled from Virginia when it was under Democratic rule. “Have you ever known an administration in opposition to Democracy to leave the ullairs of the country in us flourishing a condition as it found them f” Yes; Fillmore's administration left the financial affairs of the country in a much better condition than it found them, and Buchanan's (Democratic) in a much worse condition. “Have you ever known a time under Demo cratic rule, when the greatest crimes and out rages have been committed under a plea o! ‘military necessity.' er 'reasons of slate ” Yes; r . hanan’s, when th< rd Ruffians, under the plea of "necessity,' mnr dered, robbed and burned people and property in Kansas. Sac* cr.ci.to lice. His who Mistook tukib Calling. —Mr. C'Lailes Mathews made his first apptarance in the character of a student of utehitecture. Ben. Johnson was apprenticed to a bricklayer and then enlisted for a soldier, before he set up in life as a wit-combatant with Sbaks peare, and (ell out with Inigo Jones, who was associated with him iu the production of the fanciful court masques of his day, and before he was a member of the Club Sir Walter Raleigh founded, and wrote that song, like a loose pearl among his mors lengthy works. James Cook, the navigator, instead of run ning away ta sea like another Robinson Cru soe, was apprenticed to a country shop keeper, who. however, detecting the wistful glance the lad cast at the ocean, returned him his iuden lures. As a reverse to this example, enacted within remembrance, Clarkson Stanfield. R. A, went to sea instead of turning his steps straightway to the studio. Mr. Charles Dick ens and the younger Disraeli both mistm k their roads on the first setting out in life, thinking a lawyer’s office lay in their right paths. Barry Cornwall fell into the same error. Mr. Thackeray likewise L-t his way a! first, a: d tarried in Rome, stud'ing as an artist. David Roberts, R. A, climbed the ladder that led to his present elevation from the level of a bouse painter's apprentice with an interval of novjtiateship spent as a scene painter in Drury Lane Theater. Mr. Ru.-kiu coquetted with the bru-h be'ore he tuck up the pen, as vigorously as Bishop Colei,so at tacked algebra before he distinguished himself as a theologian. The German and Danish flags, which for the la-t two or three years have reaped a lib eral share of the advantages which the rebel lion in this country has conferred upon the merchant vessels of other nations, are now la boring under some of the disadvantages to which the American flag has been subjected The Danish and German Governments are sending out armed vessels to prey upon each other's commerce, and the result is already manifest on this side of the Atlantic m the disfavor with which both flags are re garded in commercial circles. It is stated that the New York and Breem ;o hoe of steamers has been placed under the Russian flag as a measure of protection, and the in surance against war risks on sailing vessels covered by the Danish and German flags is so high as virtually to exclude them from further competition in the carrying trade between this country and Europe. Meantime, despite the proposed conference to settle the Dano German struggle, it looks as though the war is to go on for a lengthened period. I’rus.-ia charges that the Danish order to capture ships has made the war general. Good Advice,— An Eastern paper gives the folcwing reasonable and excellent rules for young men commencing business : The world estimates men by their success in life, and by general consent, success is evi denoe of superiority. Never under any circumstances, assume a responsibility you can avoid consistently with your duty to yourself and others. Base all your actio’-s upon a principle of right; preserve your integrity of character, and in doing this ne-vc-r reckon the cost. Remember that self-interest is more likely to warp your judgment than all other circum stances combined ; therefore, look well to your duty, when your interest is concerned. S’ever make money at the expense of your reputation. Be neither lavish nor niggard'y; of the two av- id ’.he lafen A mean mm is universally despised, but public favor is the stepping stone to preferment; therefore generous feel ings should be cultivated. Say but little—think much and do more. Let your expenses he such e= to leave a bal ance in roar pccket. Ready money is a friend in need. Keep clear cf the law ; f r, even if you gain your ca=e. you are gene r ally a loser. Avoid borrowing and lending. Wine drinking and smoking cigars are bad habits: they impair the mind and pocket, and lead to a waste of time. Never relate your misfortune, and never grieve over what you cannot prevent. Platcabds posted on the streets in New York, which have attracted much attention, show that the expenses of New A rk county are. under Copperhead admieistrati n. Slo,- 000,000 per vear, 850.000 per week, 87.000 per day. and 883 per minute, while during the Republican administration of Adau s. the whole cost of the working of the United States Government was only about 813,000,- 000. Wherever the Copper-heads rule there is prodigality, corruption, peculation and ras cality in the management of public affairs. Th* Akksican Temperament.—ll has been that the temperament of the American rvop'e is emiuentlv buoyant and hopeful 11 at they i;re s-. Mom prone to regaid the nt.st unpromising future in the spirit of hope less despair is abundantly shown by our whole list -v. Hut ths sanguine elasticity of ebaf actor has its disadvantages as well as its ad' vantage. The New York Independent de dares that to it wo have owed most of cui reverses, no less than many of our successes It says: It i is st;r.,'.!ated th ’r industries and multi plied their wealth. It ha? led to overtrading ani wild speculations, and through thest plurgtd ’hem into calamitous disasters. 1 has carried them thr< oh these misfortune, i is true ; but, with a litlle m-'re consideratiol of natural anti social laws, and if their opera lion in the case of others, perhaps the goldei jo sieri’v might have been bad without tin deteriorating alloy. The history of this rebellion and the event; that ushered it in are lull of proofs of thi; proposition. Overweening confidence in thi stability of our institutions delivered us over at the beginning, unarmed and defenseless ti nor treacherous enemies. But the elasticity of our rati, ual spirits soon rose l shoes thi ast ; Ishment, and brought ns face to fao with them, resoited on their chastisement And, in spite of the defeats which the mnr derous blunders of the Young Napoleoi brought upon us at first, if. indeed, they wen n t orgai.iztd through his "strategy" —w; -prang to our feet, more certain of victor than before. Gettysburg. Vicksburg, an; Chattanooga have put a new face upon oo affairs. ai d our danger now lies in an ovci ito;: ing certainty of success in the field am in the terms of settlement which are to folios it.” Ma. l.tscetVs ! isr Joss.—Mr. Lincoln' last j ke is related as follows by Govern® Yates: The Governor called ou the Lies dent ills morning, and during their internet the latter remarked; "Yates, I’ll tell Vo the diffcience between the concrete and th abstract; when the Senate passed a resell ti n requesting me not to appoint any mor Brigadiers, as the vacancies were all fill that's the concrete. But when a Senate conus up here wiili a long petition and a Ion; er lace, requesting me to make a Brigadier oi if some scailawag of a friend of Ids, as hnppci s every day-—I call that the abstract. The Governor thought the illustration wa very good, and laughed heartily over it. Bv a new method of locomotion, a speed i six miles a minute is obtained, and capitalist are besieging the British Government to alio them to construct lines for passengers an traffic through all parts of London. The Loi dun Examiner exclaims on this : “Happy, a though unconscious posterity! We envy yoi we must crawl through life at the snail's pat ' of only a mile in two minutes, oftentimes It'S while b r you awaits the ecstatic bliss of bein sli u through space at the rate ol three hnndre «■ d sixty miles per hour.” One of the curious accidents of the war that by which Capt. Flusser, of the gunboi Miami, at Plymouth, North Carolina, wt killed by a piece of a shell from his own gt) rebounding from the rebel ram against whic it was discharged. There has, we boliev been no other such accident among all tl strange casualties of the war. I it we no faith iu cats; they are a col blooded race; they are the politicians amor domestic animals ; they care little who is masti or what are the overturning*, so their picking are secure; and what are their roidn I ; caucuses but primary meetings?— lk. Marti We hear a great deal about Hie prodig son. (Juite as much might be said about tl prodigal father; aye, and the prodigal moth and daughter. Sweet Margaret Fane came up the lan from plucking the red ripe berries, and m young Paul, comely and tall, going to mark with cherries. Slopping, she blushed, and looked flushed—perhaps ’twas the burden thi carried : and when they passed on, their burde were on . and at Christmas they were marrie A manufacturer has succeeded in makii such an improvement in Brittania metal goo that it is asserted he is obliged to warra them not silver. There is a gold fever iu Canada. T Montreal Herald says that the emigration the "diggings” is large, and that great quan ties of provisions heve been sent f( ward for the use of the diggers during t season. Tub salary of the Canadian Governor Ge eral is 831,111. besides little perquisites SoO 000 for Winter residence. STS,OOO f clerks, secretaries, office expenses, water, gs stables, church pew aud other expenses. Foheton papers ridicule some of onr r ports of the early engagements with the r bellion. What do they think of their own a count of a “recent heavy engagement, which the Prussian loss was two killed at twenty wounded ? Daov Mart Montauok, the famous w and beauty made the most sarcastic observ tion that was ever published about her o> sex. "It goes far,” said my lady, “to reco cile me to being a woman, when I reflect th I am thus in no danger of marrying one." The Sanitary Commission practices up the principle that none but the brave deser the fair.' As a consolation to benedicts, Punch sa it is better to be blown up by your wife th by a steam engine. The largest National Bank in the connt is the Fourth National Bank of New Yo citv, whose capital is five million of dollars. A litti.e girl died of excessive laughter Philadelphia a few days ago. The Potato Club” is the name of t gentleman farmers club in Paris. The key note of good breeding is B rati ai. aid that of speculative success is C shai Why are good husbands like dough ? I cause women need them. Jons Keyes, of Tomales, has a Span silver dollar coined in the year 1663. Ke; has refused a handsome sum for this aged cc He intends to give it to the San Franci Sanitary FaT. Several wells in Napa City, in which former years there has been an abundance water, have lately “dried op.” Farther the valley, complaints of a like nature are i uefrequent. San Francisco pays 59T.300 per annum school teachers. >G. 31.