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THE m RECORD PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING Jii. WIG-T*FK,.. W*. DEMOTT, Publisher? and Proprietor*. Oiler on ntrt* Street, Between M> «r« «»•«* li a n loon **trerf*. TERMS. One year per Mall $.» 00 Six months do 3Do Three month* do - W Delivered bj Carrier per month *0 Single copies ADVERTISEMENTS: Per Each nuh»e<peut insertion 1 56 A liberal discount will be made ic favor of lh»**e who advrrti.se br th* rear. Business Cards inserted on reasonable term?. BUSINESS CARDS. GEO. W. PRINTY, UNITED STATES COLLECTOR FOR BUTTE COUNTV. Office on Myers Street. l»etween Montgomery and Bird Street, Oroville. DR. F. S. SNYDER, Hawog permanently located iu the town of w v andotte. butte county, cal.. may be found at hi* office at all hour* when not ab sent on professional business. Sept. ‘l2, 1664-tf n 47 JOHN DICK, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, NOTARY PUBLIC. Office--Theatre Building, opposite Court House, OROVTI.LE. JAMES GREEN, COMMISSIONER OF DEEDS FOR .NEVADA TERRITORY. Office—CountJ Clerk's Office, Court House. F. M. SMITH, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Office—Up Stairs, Huntoon Street, Omville. A. MAURICE, JR. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW Will practice in all of the Counties of the Sec end Judicial District, and in the Supreme Court. (Iffice—on Bird street .between Huntoon and Myers streets. OttoviLLK. sep.2»tf. E. S. OWEN, attorney and counsellor at law, Forliefitown. Butte County, California. FAULKNER & Co. ■ C «, MLKMM, Corner Myers and Montomcry Streets, Oroyiile. t. LINE, t I J.CONLT E. LANE & Co. ■ C UK ■*. K*. Montgomery Street. ORON H.I.L. *.o. sn.rsos. A. G. ! ruos. CALLOW SIMPSON, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in BOOKS AND STATIONERY. STAPLE AND FANCY ARTICLES, Theatre Block. Huntoon street. OroviUo. E. DUNHAM; l S. ASSISTANT ASSESSOR OF BUTTE COUNTY, CAL. OFFICE—OiI Slyer* Street, Retwen Montgomery and Hint Streets. onovn.t.y.. J. M. BURT, attorney and counsellor at law, and notary PUBLIC. Practices iu the courts of the - I Judicial District and iu the Supreme court. OFFICE -lu Burl’s brick building, up staire, on Bird street.Ororille. D. C. BURLINGAME, DENTIST. OFFICE—In Mathews' Brick Build ing.on Huntoon Si., between Mont* * gumery and Bird Streets, OHOVILLK. W. PRATT, M. D. rHYSI C I A N AND sUI! C. EON, Rink Creek. Iliitte Co„ tat. S. ROSENBAUM, attorney and COUNSELLOR AT LAW• office—Court House. Orotrillc. JAS. O’BRIEN, M.D. rBYSI C I A N AND SITK C. EON. FaitkiuUr attention paid to Chronic Diseases, jind all others common to thin country. Has had Urge experience in h»«plul and family practice, and confidently hopes for a share of public patron age. Office—Within two door? of Clark A Bi». s More. Myers atreet. Ororille. GEO. C. PERKINS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN GROCERIES. PROVISIONS. And Produce, Corner Myers and Montgomery streets. Oroville. J. BLOCH &. Co., Wholesale A Retail Dealer? in GROCERIES. PROVISIONS, AND PRODUCE. Opposite Wells Fargo A Co’s. Office gomery Street. OROVILLE. CHARLES F. LOTT, LAW, OKNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT AND NOTARY PUBLIC. OROVILLE BITTK Cot'NTY. hoc-Bird ?!.. between Mvyrs and Huntoon. J. HAMELL, UNDERTAKER, BIRD STRUCT OP.ivil I y THE WEEKLY UNION RECORD. HOTELS. UNION HOTEL. l'9ntrr Montgomery 4 Myer< *frrrf, OROV I L L E • npllis NEW BRICK AND ELEGANTLY FUR* J| m>bed Hotel elands first in the Slate for com fort and accommodation for the traveling pnblte— every room being well ventilated and nea?!v fur nished. The Table Is supplied with every LUXURY OF THE SEAS ON, and everything ” will be done to insure the Tom tort of the guest of this House. In connec tion with this House b lb* Bar and Billiard Saloon. New BiHard Tables of the latest Patterns and Improvements, The Bar Will Cwars be nrppfied with fMTOKT LIQUORS and CIGARS. PRICES MODERATE. The Office of California Stage Company Is at the UNION HOTEL. STAGES LEAVE THIS HOUSE DAILY, FOR All parts ol the Country. U. DIU1), Proprietor. Carr- R. Biri». formerly of International Hotel. NOTICE. f|lO MY NUMEROUS OLD AND TRIED I friends that have stood by me so long and faithfully—permit me to inform you, one and all. that I nave removed from the International Hotel to the New Brick Union Hotel, corner Montgom ery and Myers Street. Oroville—noping that I may not see less of you, but otteuer. Yours with Respect, R- BIRD. Oroville, July 12th. 18*V4. n 37 ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL, OR or I L I. npllis HOUSE I> WELL ARRANGED, BEING ft provided with pleasant rooms well ventilat ed. affording a pleasant home for families and tran sient and permanent boarders. No pains nor ex pense will he spared to administer to the comfort of those who may favor the House with their patronage. The St. Nicholas a« heretofore, will be kept as a First Class Hotel. The Table Will at all times I** served up with the greatest variety of eatables —the l>est tin* market affords and in a style to suit the most fastidious taste. A Splendid Bar. Is connected with the House, where will Ik* found the very best of Liquors and Cigars. Also, Two fine Billiard Tables A tine Reading Room is also attached to this House, constantly supplied with the latest dailies and periodicals. My old friends and customers are most respect lullv invited to continue their patronage. ROBERT OLIVER, Proprietor. Oroville, Sept. 24, 1*64. n 47 Golden G<*te RESTAURANT! Corner of Montgomery and lluntoon Streets. OROVIL Is F. . __ THE UNDERSIGNED having repaired and fitted * up the above Restaurant, will hereafter keep everything usually kept in a FIRST CLASS lIESTAFK A\T ! Fresh Oysters IN EVERY STYLE. AT 20 CT3. PER DOZEN. Open Day and 3VTlslat. FrO'h Oysters furnished Families. Balls. Parties, and assemblies of every nature, at reasonable rates. Having been engaged in the business for the past fifteen years, he hopes to give general ’*ath*faction to ail. Meals at all hours, dav and night. Oct. Uih. 18t>4. LEWIS CARPENTER. BARNUM RESTAURANT. Cornrr Montgomery A (lunloon Street*. OROVILLE. THE UNDERSIGNED. FRO prielor of this establishment, hereby informs the Public that he U prepared to furnish meals at ail hour, day and night, composed of all the substantial and delica cies of the season which the market adhrda. BALLS, PARTIES. And Assemblies of Every Aature, will he supplied with Dinners. Suppers and Cona tions. ta the best style and on the most liberal terras. Connected with the Restaurant is a BAR. where '•an always be found the best and every O! Liquors, TERMS. Board |»rr Week OO Slnylr Meal* *5 Bonnlpfr Week with Lodflnf <* 00 ngs per Mch* op I'D J RL YNO LD Fropr sei.r OROVIL.L.E, SATURDAY MORNING, NOV. 12, 1864. Interesting Discoveries at Pompeii. C. W. Russell. whose name is associated with some of the most successful searches ia the rains at Pompeii, contributes the following to the Athena um : Just two rears ago I communicated to you my good fortune in witnessing, during a visit to Pompeii, the disinterment of a baker's oven with its fall batch of loaves nmeuebed since the moment, eighteen hundred years ago. w hen they were deposited by the unforebodirg baker for the sales on that morrow which he was fated never to sec. la my present visit 1 find myself close upon the track of the discovery, hardly less enriens, of another of the elements of human life—that of an ancient well, with i's waters still as fresh and sparkling as w hen, on the day of the great catastrophe, the aqnartus of the house to which it belongs drew from it the supply of the last meal of the doomed family. The well is in the cellar of a house w hich has been recently excavated, and in which have been discovered many objects of interest, es pecially a small bat beautiful s'atne, of which I shall have occasion to speak later. The well is about sixty five feet in depth, and still retains about fifteen feet of water. It is surrounded by a low parapet, but in all other respects is quite unprotected, being without cover or other defense ; however, as the entrance to the cellar was completely blocked up with ashes, the well, although open, was perfectly secure from injury, and the water supply has remained probably nudiminished in depth and unaltered in quality since the day of the eruption. The cellar is of small dimensions, but the approach to the well is rudely decorated with the cu-tomary altar of the Lares. I was naturally attracted, in the first instance, to the house of the baker which I hud seen disinterred during my last visit. It is now carefully cleared out. and all its perma nent apparatus —as corn mills, kneading troughs, Hour bins. etc.—remain in situ, the smaller and the more perishable objects—as the measures, the weights, the loaves, the corn, etc.—being placed in the temporary museum which has been formed at Pompeii. The attractions of this bouse, however, have been eclipsed by those of a similar establishment immediately adjoining it. which had been dis covered, but not fully excavated, before the disinterment of the oven. The second bakery is much larger, and the appointment on a much more extensive scale and in greater variety. The dwelling house of the owner, 100, is much more luxurious. Although connected with the bake house, it has a separate entrance and double atrium and peristyle, both of which are of mote than ordinary extent, and in their size as well a= their decorations bear witness to the wealth and luxurious tastes of the occupant Among the relics of this house, preserved in the local museum, ia one which throws a curious light on the domestic arrangements of the Pompeian baker, being no other than one of the dishes which were actually in process of preparation for dinner on the very day of the catastrophe. Upon the cooking stove in the ki'cben was found a s'cw pan, half filled with ashes and in the bottom appeared an indurated mass, which Signor Fiorelly rightly conjectured to have been produced by some of the viands which lay within the pan. and which, though long since decomposed, had left their impress on the now consolidated ashes. Acting on this happy thought, he applied in this instance the same ingenious process which was so sue cessfully adopted in reproducing that painfully lifelike group of human figures described with such terrible fidelity in one of your former numbers ; and the result bus fully satisfied his anticipations, being an exact fuc simile in bronze of a young pig, which was being stewed for the family dinner at the very moment when they were surprised by the stroke of doom. In connection with this curious relic, I may men lion the discovery of a skeleton of a horse, which, together with two other skeletons of horses found many years ago. has. through the anatomical skill of one ol the members of the Academy, been carefully put together and placed in one of the rooms. I have had the curiosity to examine the "tooth marks" of the most recent of these skeletons, and find that the animal was just five years old at the time of the destruction of the city. All these horses were small sized, but of good shape, and of a type still common in Southern Italy. Von have already recorded the discover; of more than one valuable specimen of ancient art. and especially ol the exquisite bronze Narcissus, now in the Naples museum, but I do nut think your readers have been informed of a still more recent acquisition—a small, but highly charae terislic Silenus, which was found in the same house in the cellar of which was the well de scribed above. The figure is about fifteen inches high, and stands upon a circular pedestal ol bronze, not unlike an inverted platter, inlaid with arabesques in silver. This admirable Silenus was evidently a stand, either for a lamp, or. more probably, tor a glass vase, frag ments of which were found close by. lie is represented with the legs extended to the utmost, for greater firmness of attitude, and holds high above his head, grasped firmly in his hand, the bronze ring, in which the vase was intended to rest. The vase may hare been meant to hold flowers, or, if oue could argue from the air of drunken gravity, and of ludi crous anxiety to guard against the spilling of i's contents, which the artist has thrown into the features of Hlcnus. it might mord probably be supposed to be intended, like Mrs. Gilpin's stone bottles, To bold the liquor which he loved. And keep it safe and sound. Taken as a whole, this I’ompeian Silenus. although it substantially preserves all his trade lional characteristics—the squat, punchy figure, the prominent paunch, the snub nose and dis tended nostril, the shaggy hair and beard, the maudlin stare of the eye, and the jolly but stu pid good humor—is of a higher type than the ordinary Silenus of Grecian art. The figure, although coarse and massive, is lull of a law muscularity; and the look of preternatural solemnity with which he struggles to preset ve his balance is indescribably amusing. To Keep Tires ox Wheels.—Hear what a practical man says on this subject : "I ironed a wagon, some years ago, for ray own use, and before putting on the tires I filled the felloes with linseed oil. and the tires have worn ont and were never loose. I ironed a bnggv for my own use seven years ago, and the tires are as tight now as when put on. My method of filling the felloes is as follows: I use a long cast iron oil heater, made for the purpose, the oil is brought to a boiling heat, the wheel is placed on a stick, so as to hang in the oil. oach felloe an boar, for a common sized felloe The timber should be dry, as green timber will not take oil. Care should be taken that the oil should not be made hotter than a boiling heat, in order that the timber be not burnt. Timber filled with oil is not susceptible to water, and the timber is much more durable.” \ German locksmith has a plan for making strong boxes without key®. Inside the box is placed a clock-work, the tan£ of which the owner places at the hour and minu'e when he wants access to the box. The clock work begins to move' as soon ac the lid is shut, and Cnsns the look fro~ the inside at the moment which the hand of the clock indicates. Time, dependent upon the owner, is the key to the lock, a key which can neither be stolen from bits nor imitated. Ix ninety nine cascsoutot a hundred, wealth crea'cs more »ac's Ifca-j it supplies Merriam's Si rmarine A csku—A corves pendent who has been down in the submarine vessel recently invented sod tnar.nfactartd in this city, by S. S. Merriam. *nd tost tested by himself and the Government near New York, sends us the following account of fan expert ecces: •Entering the singular vessel from the top. the door was closed, sod the order Men to your places,’ given to the little crew, who promptly obeyed. When everything was ready, Mr Merriam tamed some valves, and the com pressed air came hissing in producing so an pleasant sensation upon the drum of the ears, of which one was at ance relieved by inspiring and swallowing. The vessel seemed perfectly under control, for we slopped when halfway down to the bottom and raises! the door on the bottom of the boat, but the air inside of coarse prevented any water from coming in even enough to wet the sole? of oor feet, t'oc of the crew from yonr city improved this opporta nity to dive out and come op on the surface of the water, much to the astonishment of the spectators on the bank, lie afterward rctnrned and entered the vessel from the bottom, when the door was closed, another and heavier rush of compressed air came in, and we were on the bed of the river, twenty odd feet order water this distance requiring an addrionai pressure to resist the water with the door open. We could stand on the bottom of the river and not wet our feet, and at that distance under water could easily see to read by the light that came in at the glass windows. Kells ringing outside were also heard distinctly. To return to the rest of the world, only a few strokes of the pumps were necessary the air rushed out of the bottom and the boat was quickly on the surface of the water. We moved with a pro peller easily under as well as upon the water, and in all respects the vessel worked so com pletely that its success is undoubted—Spring field Republican. The Moos and the Weather. — Mr. Mer riam. lately diseased, who probably watched the weather and made more close observations with instruments for over thirty years than|anv man living, declares that in all his experience he has never been able to perceive that the moon has the least influence over the weather. And yet. to what multitudes is this rank her esy. How they rnn to almanacs to see when the moon is new, when il quarters, and when it is full, and predict changes in the weather at these points. The fact is, the moon is new, or quarters, or is full once a week the year round; and in our variable climate, the weath er changes often—about once a week —when it does not remain unaltered for weeks; and so if a change in the weather lakes place any where near the change in the moon, she is the author of the change. 1 have known educa ted men to cling to this notion instilled into them in their childhood. 1 have known men who are careful not to plant—especially beans —in the old of the moon. And 1 put it to my reader, w ho. as I have no doubt, is wise and well educated, and free from all supersti lion, had you not a ‘■leetle’’ rather see the new moon over the right shoulder than over the left? Don’t you always think of it when you see the new moon? Can you tell why? It is one of those old roots which time and Chris tianity have not yet removed. So many would rather see a crow fly over the right shoulder than over the left—a remnant of the old Ho man notion of omens. The number and varie tv of superstitions which still linger and bur row in the world, like the remnant of the old Canaatiites whom Israel “could not drive out" is far larger than most suppose. My wonder i=. not that there are so many roots of the old tree remaining, but that Christianity lias done so much towards removing it.— Dr. Todd. Where Mo-qiitos Come From.— These posts of Summer proceed from the animalcules commonly termed the • wiggletail.” Il a bowl of water is placed in the summer’s sun for a few days, a number of wigglelails will be vis ible. and they will continue in size till they reach three sixteenths of an inch in length, remaining longer at the surface as they ap preach maturity, os if seeming to live on influ ences derived from the two elements of air and wa'er: finally they will assume a chrysalis form and by an increased specific gravity sink to the bottom of the bowl. A ft w hours oniy will elapse when a short black furze or hair will grow out on every side of each, till it assumes the form of a minute ca’crpillar. Its specific gravity being thus counteracted, it will rcaiii iy ll ial to the surface, and be wafted to the side of the bowl by the slightest breath of air. In a short timea fly will be hatched and escape leaving its tiny house npon the surface of the water. Any one who has hud a cistern in the yard has doubtless observed the same (fleet, every summer, although he may b« ignorant of the beautiful and simple process of development. If a pitcher orjcistcrn or other water contain ing these animalcules is placed in a close room over night, from which ail mosquitoes have been previously excluded, enough mosquitoes will breed from it daring the night to give any satisfactory amount of trouble. In fact, standing by a shallow, half stagnant pool on a midsummer's day. the fall development of any number of wiggietails to the mosquito state can be witnessed, and the origin ol these dis turbers of night's slumbers thus fully ascer tuined. Knclaxd no Longer a First Class Power. The I.ondon correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says Lord Palmerston has recently made some significant declarations in explaining the policy of the British Government. In dis cussing the affairs of America and Poland, he said England would go to war—wrodd have gone to war several times during the last five years—if she dared. She dare not, he says; she has not the power; she has not the means. She has only an army for defensive purposes. And again, in treating of the Danish question, he said, in substance : " The German armies are too strong for us. Our object is defense, not aggression. Wc can bold our coasts, with the help of the volunteers, but we must never again venture on s battlefield in Europe.” This is really the effect of what the Premier did say, and almost the exact language he used. No other possible construction can be put upon it, and the result is that Lord Palmerston has distinctly and formally abdicated, on the part of Great Britain, her position and character as a first class power. Braitifil Extract. — When the summer of youth is slowly wasting into the nightfall of age. and the shadows of the past years grow deeper and deeper, and if life were on i's close it is pleasant to look back through the vista of time upon the sorrows and felicities of years. If we have a home to shelter and hears to re joice with ns. and friends have been gathered together by our firesides, then the rough places of our wayfaring will have been worn and smoothed away in the twilight of life, while the sunny spots we have passed through will “rew brighter and more beautife! Happy, indeed, are those whose intercourse with the world has not changed the lone of their holier feeling:, or broken those musical chords of the heart wbc-sc vibrations are so melodious, :d teaching in the cven'ng of age. Pinch says; ‘'Women are said, to have stronger attachments than men. It'isnotso. A mac is often attached to an old hat; but did you ever know of a wdtran having an attach •sett toae old boattet ? Echo answers Never AsiUtls Iksei>ded is Stone.—F'nqufnt iutim. *3 il is well known, wre recorded by B»:or»hsts. >1 loads snd some other animals which have been found completely imbedded in solid rock. Some people are disposed to be •oMewbat skeptics! in relation to these facts, but they are too well saihenticaud to admit of dembr. since there is nothing tn them that ssTors of ibe miraculous. Let it be borne !b mind that toads are cold-blooded animals, and that there is a great physiological difference between the cold Hooded and warm Hooded animals, inasmuch as the former can pres- :ve Hfe or vitality under circumstances which wonld be immediately fatal to the latter. Mo instance is recorded of the discovery of a warm blooded a; mal being found imbedded in stone Pal toads and other reptiles, and shell fish, like raanv sorts of insects, may be preserved lor an indefinite length of time, in particular states cf confinement from the atmospheric air. This vitalitv is very much like that of an egg. A perfect chicken would perish in a very few hours, if it could not escape from the shell; bnt the contents of a fresh egg will preserve their vitality tor an indefinite length ot time, if the 1 pores of the egg shell are completely closed by some kind of substance applied to the surlace ol the shell. Shell-fish and loads, imbedded in sand or clay, or any soft substance that should harden into stone, would lay there in a torpid state for ages. They arc cold blooded, and as long as no heat comes to them from without, they cannot perish. There is nothing contra dictory to the laws of Mature in these tacts. Model. Fobtitckk Dependent on Habit.— When life is in danger, either in a storm or a battle, it is certain that less Icar is fell by the private soldier actively engaged, or the common sailor laboriously occupied, than by those who are exposed to the peril, but not employed in the means of guarding against it. The reason is, not that the one class believe the danger to be less: they are likely in many instances to perceive it more clearly. Hut having acquired a habit of instantly turning their thoughts to the means of counteracting the danger, their minds are thrown into a s’ate which excludes the ascendancy of fear. Mental fortitude de pends entirely upon this habit. The timid horseman is haunted by the horrors of a tail. The bold and skillful think only about the best means of curbing or supporting his horse. Even when all means arc iqually unavailable, and his condition appears desperate to the by slander, he still owes it to Ins fortunate habit that he does not suffer the agony of the coward Many eases have been known where fortnude has reached such strength that the faculties, instead of being confounded by danger, are never raised to their highest activity by a less violent stimulant. The distinction between such men ami the coward does not depend upon difference* of opinion about the reality or extent of the danger, but on a state of mind which renders it mire or less accessible to fear Sir James Mackmloih. Thk Coarsk Arts.—" The fine arts do not interest me,” said Theodore I’arker, "so much as the coarse arts, which feed, clothe, house and comfort a people. 1 should rather be a great man like Franklin than a Michael Angelo nay, if I had a son, 1 should rather see him a great mechanic, who organized use like the late George Stephenson, in England, than a great painter like Rubens, who only copied beauty. In short, I take more interest in a cattle show, and feel more sympathy with the pope's bull than his bul lum. Men talk to me about the absence of art in America. You remember the stuff which M used to twaddle forth on that theme, and what trans cendental nonsense got delivered from gawky girls and long haired young men. I tell them wo have cattle shows and mechanics' fairs, and shovels and ploughs and harrows and saw milk sowing machines and reaping machines, thresh ing-machines and planing machines. I here i.- not a saw mill in Rome. I doubt if there is in the I’ontificial States." A Dkxai i.tim; Victorias a Confederate General.— We recently, says the San Fran cisco Ilulletin, published among our Eas'ern news a dispatch dated Washington, September 20-h. by Secretary Stanton, in which he men tioned the victory gained on the previous day by Genera! Sheridan, over the rebel General Early, near Hunker Hill, in which Generals I Rhodes and Gordon were killed. The Hri'.ish Colonist (Victoria, V. I.) copying this dis patch, remarks : “There can be little doubt that the Confederate Genetal Gord on alluded . to in our dispatches this morning as having lost his life at Bunker Hill, is our whilom Victorian and ex member for Esquimault Town; Gordon, the defaulting Treasurer of this Colony, who, one bright Sunday morning, 2’, years ago, picked the lock of the side gate leading to the barrack yard and escaped. Il was known here, eighteen months ago, that oar ex Treas urer had joined the rebel army as a Captain in A. I‘. Hill's stuff, and it is no’t al all improba ble that he was subsequently promoted to a brigadier generalship, and while engaged in ihe raid with Early, lost bis life." The Mendocino Herald of Oct.2lst contains an account of a distressing case of poisoning in Ukiab City, by which Charles Meschea, a printer in the Herald office, a native of lowa, aged thirty two years, and Carter Tarrant, aged twenty seven, a native of Frankfort, Ken tucky, came to an untimely end. They had been on a little bit of a spree, and. finding a bottle of tincture of colchicum in the office, which the editor was in the habit of taking tor medicine, supposed it was w hisky, and drank its contents, abont a pint and a half, between them. They lived a couple of days, when, notwithstanding all efforts made for their relief, they died in convulsive agony. It would be well for those who will drink whisky to be always sure they get the right article, and when certain of that, to let il alone altogether. This prevents any danger of being poisoned through mistake. Oir Generals. —Of the American Generals at this moment prominently before Ihe public, I fix is the oldest, having been born in the Slate of New Hampshire, in 1796; Hunter was born in Washington City, in 1802; Me demand in Kentucky, in lei 2; Meade in Spain, of American parents, in 1616 ; Canby in Kentucky, in 1617: Butler in Mew Hamp shire, in 1818; Hooker in Massachusetts, in 1819; Sherman in Ohio, in 1820; Grant in Ohio, in 1822; Franklin in Pennsylvania, in 1823; Hancock in the same State, in 1824; Burnside in Indiana, in 1824; Sigel in Germ anv, in 1824; and Slocum in Mew York, in 1827. The last named is one of the youngest Generals in the service. “I have always been astonished,” said Mrs. Smith, “at the anxiety of young ladies for beans; 1 never pitied a female more than when Miss Mcuntflalbers left my school. Seeing her gazing toward the sky, I asked her what she was looking for ? That beau,' said she, which is told of in Genesis as being set in a cloud. 1 wish he'd come down.' ’’ C.v socount of tla number of oil wells in the country, a Wastern exchange thinks the United States ought to he called Modern Grease He who meddles with another man's business milks bis cc* into a sieve. As “object c? i'etere-t”— eg’r! wlicet intone IS B 000 £ TtST A DREAM. [The f- wing |v*in was uWivrml by David Johnson. Ikq.. of Herrv Urerk. at thv U;.i unset in OtvriSJe. on Friday. Nov. 4th ] • They ’tavx ike soirit> of the past, they v* l * Tike the falure. ••••*♦ 1 woniu retrai} a vs»h*c which 1 dima «i Perchance in :-leep Ptron. N * long ago 1 had a drt- n About the situation P? certain of thf grand Of this great Yankee Nation Ami a.- the drram \ dreamed i' :* e.- Po true that none can doubt it; I've writ it down—and here I've ewe. To tell r»Hi al! about it. 1 dreamt ti 1 >aw. in I* **y tdi- vi. roinrlod as frum a >Ut > !e, A Starry Flag, whose bia.on wa» ' Thk Fkeebox of rnr PkuPlf ”’ I '-w i Vs! Flag fiaunl proudly o>r The Fe-tern W**♦£•s fotornotion. And w’tb t« eelotilhstknM bright Illume the Western Ocean And u*er the intervening breadth Of Mountain. Plain and Valley, its gorgeous folds—Red-White aud Rl~e Did with the breezes dally ; And al! Free who dwell Beneath this Flag of Beauty. Were “unco happy” while tr d The paths ot Peace and Dutv. But o'er the spirit of my dream There came a change;— and sadly 1 -miw that glorious Flag a-sailed By Traitors—oh, how madly lu frenzied wrath they >truck it d >w:i. And into tatters tore it; Then wreaked their d»*mon vengeance on Th* gallant men who bore il ! Yes—with the Xorlh the Southrons swire They'd have no more communion; - And thereupon unsheathed the sword. To cleave in twain the Union ' What speed they've made —to what extent Their ends they have effected. We'll doubtless learn when B illots show ll'hot Candidati's elected' Over the spirit of my dream Another change now hasted : War blasted was the “Sunny South.'' The Southern fields were wasted: The Southern hill-ides, vales and plains Were strown with human corses. - Mould’ring were bones of ••chevaliers” With bones of mould'ring hor-es ' Bats tenanted the festive halls By revellers forsaken— Cay revellers, who now do sleep, And nevermore shall 'waken ' The serried ranks «.i Rebel toes Were rent and decimated; And yet, death charged, on them vva- poured War’s Tempest unabated! Uonscriptors,—heeding neither prayer. Nor prote-t. nor upbraidal The Rebel losses to repair. Had robbed the Crave and Cradle ! Prepared for Rebel sacrifice. The “Lost Ditch” near was yawning. Ard Triumph's glowing sun was on Our Union Banners dawning? Once mure the spirit of my dream Was changed. Now, with intention To aid the foe, was held, “out West.” A Copperhead Convention : A great Contention, wberennto Flocked -cores of Politicians, Whose aim il was. on Jit I*l Tern*. To proffer ''Peace Conditions The Serpents met. and squirmed and hi -ed, And (some say) raved and ranted; And on “Abe Lincoln’s tyranny " Most bitterly descanted. “Niggers" and “Abolitionists They cursed beyond all reason; While they reserved their softest words And kinde-l smiles for Treason ! And ere they “rine ditd." th*-y p --od Some clap-trap Pc- L:*i ns. Designed to help Slaveholders to Crush out Free Institutions. And then they sine died, with shouts Which were not—for a wonder— By them declare*! t j be the true Disunion-Traitor Thunder ’ 1 woke. (Thai thunder may awake The dreamer, nothing strange is.) My dream—perchance not all a dream - Then bad no farther change*. I woke ; —the high unclouded sun Most brilliantly was beaming; And in its rays that same “Old Flag” - The “Slars-and-Stripea”- was gleaming ! And then I deemed fair Freedom's home This great and glorious Nation Could not to Traitors be conveyed Through "Peace \egotiativn For rallying round the Flag were men Who will be prompt and handy, To buttle for our Country’s Cause, And rote for Abh and Andy! Matiifmatics Mathematics is the most noble and elevated science the human mind can investigate or study. Kach question that the student undertakes to solve, when accom plished. but leads to another and a higher, and thus leads the intellect to consider and grapple with the grandest realizations of t-ulh in our universe. All other sciences (except those relating to living beings) are based upon it. Astronomy, its eldest child, and Mechanics, its most useful servant, are bul practical mat be matics. How grand and noble to calculate the distance of stars, the motions of the planets, and to prophecy the appearance cf a meteor ! and how useful and glorious, as advancing true civilization, to calculate the horse power of a steam engine, to estimate the extent of a bed of coal, or to determine the practical strength of iron I All these are done by the aid of this science, and the world teems with objects for its investigation. Efficacy of Onions.— A writer says: We are often troubled with severe coughs, the results of a cold of long standing, which may torn to consumption and premature death. Hard coughs cause sleepless nights, by a con stant irritation in the throat, and a strong ef fort to throw eff offending matter from the longs. The remedy I propose has been tried by me. and often recommended to others with good results, which is simply to take into the stomach, before retiring at night, a piece of raw onion, after chewing. This esculent, in an uncooked State, is very heating, and tend* to collect the waters from the lungs and throat causing instant relief to the patient. Slice! onion, in a raw state, will colled poison from the air. and also from the human system when taken internally, or externally applied to the arm pits. It is slated on authority that the number of rebel prisoners iu our hands, at various camps, navy yards and depots of prisoners, on the Ist inst*. was npwards of .6,000. of whom nearly 5,000 are oScers. V tt a h:*!? live aid cures dead Valley of Mexico. W’c began onr march re\t • g ,i- I kept winding ri h ? . vend w h Ih * Wood? of pa.es. a’ carpeted w,:h a tar tv , wild dower*, or.' i abcu! el v ek »ie we reached th? me* ■; on t ■■■ ?■: ■ t moon'lir. «"d ob!i> M > rm .( 'ar'aned valley of Vlt xico. ■ - tar w je on* tries 10 convey Ibe t:npr.wns.h ■: scene ossa!!; makes on ail who see it t ■ first time It i? cert* Inly the most rrag rt view m Mexico, perhaps of the peci *» scriplum. the first in the world Atan ■ era I ion of 3,(HX> feet, the spectator ?■• a* t> spread at hi? feet tike a map he a • <f ifce valley of Mexico: it* cir.-umt ■ at the l a* of the mountain? which form, the side* of h migbty basin, 120 mile* a ! at If rrc*i f-hr mountain*. 2iH'm \* Irea 1• ■ >; ih j i. , from the high! or which the stnelator Haul*, is distinctly taken in at Mat minute detail? are distinctly ik-tvied sn-t *leiin ealod. owing to the retsarkab e !f.inspiret and pority of the at in sphere. The toaers att.l spire* of the city of Mfx ; c-\ twee'* See iriV.* distant, are distinctly seen peering ml frt m the foliage and tree- almost the oni; part of the valley where tree? are to be .ten. .? that at land the city. i'ho remaiader of the valley presents the uniforiD appearance of a laree green plain dotted with whi'e rontTkea. spires and haciendas, and containing sever*' large sheds of wafer, the remains of the lakr* wh: h a - e said to have once nearly covered the whole valley Sever*! sma lat-“l m 'unttiins may a’?' be distinctly dtarrej be only large objects that r <e on the surface of the ia-i unbroken green pU..: The r; an tains of Popocatepetl and Iztacr.huati. ;tv brother giant rise aboct twenty m ..•? ■ the left of the spot where the SjHCtat r ,s .’a-di: i!. ugh owing to the bright m'mo'phere a I - or 3 miles distant. The wh. lc of Ih s beaut ful valley is hemmed in by a complete c- c c i-f stupendously rogg. J a; d dark 1 •■king motto tains, the rough bn! sublime -i". c i 1 rati.c to one of her most inimitable p ■ tires ann st perfect combination of the su(-. nn and ■an tiful. Yes. seen from that elevation, the sal ley of Mexico b a most glorious and tr.tgt, fi cent sight, “but’tis distai.ee lends enchantment to the view.’ and a? we descend into it. .:* beauties vanish I'he lakes beenm -■ marsh.?, the field? are not cultivated, the villages aro mud. and the iuhahi'an's w retch I !> m peon?, in rags and sipialtd misery "DiKtv Cuildrkv' There is an mdrCwd impression left nn the minds of many in pa-« i g a group of chubby 10, kite children p iv ng in the street or by the roadside, bare 1 -ted bire headed and ragged, begrimed n th >i ,-t or mud. that "dirt must be healthy \rJ when there is n viced aroot 1 lb* etbii try poor or the shunt v? In the < tty it* 1 . ■ crowd of ragamuffin tirct.in* of nil si. - -ko the regular gradations of a Udder ; ’! r notion aim t formed, in distinct words th .t “poverty is healthy” ns well as dirt, as ll.r having a house full of children is taken as pro ( of vigorous constitution* on the part of the toiling parents. 'I nking Xu York . tv a* a guide, the official reports for I ~ r .3 show ihal, of every ten deaths, seven are fori ign. alth. ugh just hall (be popnUliou i* foreign born . nd. as a class.foreigners are the jk, ri <1 ai.d fill! .. *t of alt American large seaboard i tin ( rs* there are notable except! <i * It is known 'hat those who live on their daily wag s average eleven years less ol lile than those who are well lo do. So that poverty is a? or from b i.g healthful ns it is from being di- w :r<cable < •( 1.000 cli Idrcn dying uniler one year e 1 •. ir j three fourths were born of foreign pari:,l*; two-thirds of a.I the children dying ■ n the .lav of their birth wire of foreign parents?. (>1 those dying (n m me lo five years old ‘hrer fourths were born of poor people Of rme children. Queen Victoria lost none The con stiiu'ionsof Royal pairs may not be a* vigor .in a? (hi se of two y ng laborer*, but exemp*! n Irom exhausting toil, and their ability I r rn mand roomy residence*, well vi t.lilalrd cb m her,*, and the strie’est per* i a! ch an'.nr** '-i tn earliest infancy, more than e m . ■ s other unfavoring circumstances c far t>,< from poverty and filth being elements of health and tong life, they arc the very reverec Ihev directlv induce premature ih utli a- ’i gr up persons. and sow the seeds of fata! d - a*. * in innocent childhood. During the fir-’ ■! August. 1564. in Ni w York city. 4 11 i'en died ; of which, 4"4 were of f n tgt par 'age. and only forty wire born f ■ j ■ that is. in ninety per rut. of the childn Img in New York, ante out -t ten are fr abodes of poverty and un'idim?- I!-' Journal of //• .UK. A Mi.v on Cane Cod who hud ..-.e I from his wife, married a secon I with whom bo lived a year and a half, and then diet II first wife came forward and look p •**n*aioa of the estate, the second wife - ; I for her pay (or services during the time *he lived v jtb lit* deceased, and a jury jatr her a re ' fit’ per week. Thomas P Marsiiul of Kent ki i d*t his home in Woodford county, on th ■ t’2ll ol September, aged 6i yi rs I'art Mr. Marshall wa- esteem-. 1 the n. • il orator in all the Urea'. West, bn' : r 1 • . 1 , the Charybdis of so many genial soi.js over come him. and (or the las’, ten y- .is !ne la 11 been among the most wretched of m u Rksolctiok.—The man who will d ex cute his rasolntious when they are fresh upon him. can have little li pe :r m thi r. at’-r --we.rds ; they will be dissipated. !• Mlt a; I 'tiftisll in llie hurry scurry of the world, r swamped in the slough of indolence. Intolxrav r. —I cah every man rer t from principle, wh" e nceiv-* r mi: eat a n.an of virtue and pr tbi’y wn . ■•* 1 -.1 le-- lieve exactly who he doe? and nna -rcifalle consigns lo perdition all thc-e who I-not think like himself. Our heart? are at least bright and brimful of love in the one hour of meeting, ai J in the nthcCwhen we tart inc nso'abh et-t . all the star? appear milder. larger, and more love ly at their rising and setting than wkea Iky [•ass over our beads. Low.vr.ss of Omnia.—The rn-re imp r’aat an animal is to be. the 1 wer 1? il- s’arr. Man. the noblest of all. is born ktweaf. 'I he next thing below a babe is no'l 'g.an ; tl; '*x', thing above a man is an angel. (Jt.ooM —Brightne* i* adduc*?! (rt m eioom and happiness Iron) pain. The raiobc w cannot appear wi'bout the cloud: but ab le the d’ops yet fail, the light shine* in ’.he larkue** and ►bow? os every color. Fooi.isii and wicked wishe* df oMf-i s w, where, though they are bat hodiies- y aides, they are often fa-htone-d by toe Imy o l f ♦ and needle*, and straightway re: ;- . - Ih* world to tormen’ their a 'h - Bio Pig.—A hog nine feet in ’•ng a- I weighing 1,162 pen od- • •n* 1 • •: at li ra! death at Painty's. " ”c f n* ' That * a whoppin' pig big! Tur. average cot; of -ink’ttg an •;I *t -* 1 600 feet deer tn th* relr-b tm t*;- us Bene*' a. abeut 1 1 r, 0 ' >o. .VI.