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i:iKSI)AV . . II KHI AIM 30. 178 LKWSLATIVE INTERFERENCE WITH i LI' .VI) COMPANIES. SoiiilIiimIv illllTL'St t.ili lm ilcsi't like t'le cu'lieious iiid ly th' Allium family i:i i uih oiicis ami r:tilnii,l fiviyhts and faros, lias Mined a cimilur of wliicli ilie following is a . (.jy t lv sent Lriiaiioast. It rpciks for itself very jilainly, .is follows. That lu-iviliitiry and constitutional ass and incddlt r, Cluulcs Francis Adams, Jr., is seek ing thioiii;li the .11.1 Uaihvay Co; nnission ris, Scciclarios of Shite, and Jcislaturcs to -eruro the passage of a law in each State giv i it.' to sonic jiot ty o.iitc" or c!iii;c connected . illi each Stale, the riijlit to exen ise a snjier- ision uvi i' tlie accounts of railroads, to decide uli.-.t ;.tvo!iii(s thev shall keip and how they kept. State 'sion means the ri-ht of petty (cliiaoues to J .uliip.inv s atiairs, insjicet its lxn rs. exneii.su li!l" and nav-ro'i's. ,' into earn s, its voueh Such a law !l-0 p:se won'" never ce:;--.- iaiass tlio 1 ,iii'.::d conn mes. It is easv t prevent lite passage of any sm li itn'aiuolis law if the l.r.l 1 1 ad companies will interest themselves in tl. : lua: t.-r I nr. .i";it their l p.: vs-ii' at i . . s and tiiends at the. various capitols. An ! i Srr;:ii isiun. Mr. Chi.ili s 'i :tin is Adams dr. , as all men know, is a juem'tic:- of very illustrio...: Ainer i.taii family. He is the n of the I !..:: ni1!o i 'h.irles Francis Aduitis, who is the son of ': Oiiim-y dam-'., who '. as t lie son of John Vdaiiis, second 1 'resident of the Unite 1 States. Mr. F, Adams Jr. Ielin;s not only to a 'TV inn strioin and vi learned family. 1'iit 1 e is one of a brotherhood of ripe scholars and hi , dily accomplished w riters. IVfore us lies an octavo volume issued in Jo7l from the "l ess of Junius I. Osgood iv Co. , Iiostoll, ntitled "'Chapters on Erie and other Essays, l y Charles F. Adams, Jr. and 1 lenry adams." These two brothers have long lieen among the foremost contributors to the North American Iteview; and their Chapters on Erie are the same which called out, in the (Jalaxy, some years since, the very memorable and scorch ing rejoinder by Hon. Jeremiah l'dael-:. Hut i is to be stated, for the sake of exactitude, that Mr. Charles Francis Adams Jr. and not Mr. Henry Adams is the writer who makes a specialty of railroad management, construc tion etc. The essays iu the volume before us written bv Henrv Adams are entitled "The New York (Jold Conspiracy," Captaine John Smith," '-The r.auk of England," "British Finance in lHl," and (in company with Francis A. Walker), an essay on "The Legal Tender Act." Mr. Charles F. Adams, Jr., "contributes a series of papers tinder the gen eral head of "The Kailroid System," the same being divided into four chapters, enti tled as follows: The Era of Change; The Transportation Tax; Krilroad Consolidation; Mock Watering; and The ( Jovernnient and the K.iihoad Corporations. With this latter we will deal sufficiently at length to show the rift of Air. Adams's mind at that time. The tirst two paragraphs of his essay on "Govern ments and the Kailroad Corporations," read its follows: if neither competition nor legislation have proved themselves etlective agents of the reg ulation of the railroad system what other and more etlective one is there within reach of the American people? This is the tinal issue to w hich the railroad problem must apparently reduce itself. The material and moral diffi culties which surround the question-are further complicated by grave political considerations, which need now to be slated with all possible emphasis, for they will continually present themselves throughout what remains of this discussion, and must ever be borne in mind. The difficulty in a great degree arises from the development of a material and moral powvr, or rather, perhaps, combination of powers, in our social organism which our pol itical system was not calculated to deal with. At t he time the framework of our government J put together, a system of necessary mon opolies was the very last thing which was ex pected to present itself on this continent. Mir governments, state and national, grew up among, and were calculated for, a com mu! ity in the less complex stages of civili zation. Our whole machinery looked to deal i'ig with individuals, and that only in the le.i.t degree which deservid the name of gov ernment at all. The idea of one man or set of men combining to own in absolute monop oly the great channels of internal communi cation as they then existed. the Hudson, or the Ohio, or the great lakes, would have been regarded as a wholly inadmissible sup position, a contingency i mpossible to occur. Cui-ieipiently no machinery was devised cal culated to meet such an improbable emer gency. Vet that very emergency would now .seem to be imminent. IK-re then are two systems grow ing and expanding side by side, the representative, republican system of !ivcrnuicnt, adapted to a simple ami some what undeveloped phase of society ; ami the corporate industrial system, the result and concomitant of a complex and artificial civil i.ation. How long can they develop together! The peculiararities and combination now noticed in our legislature and market-places, the growing torpidity of public opinion, the constant strain under which our machinery of government visibly works, the crude, undi gested propositions for reform which emanate from every quarter, the startling rapidity with which change develops itself, and the rapidly shifting phases which all interests as sume, clearly indicate some deep-seated social and political revolution in progress. What this will result in, time only can disclose. It would bo a mere waste of space and ingenuity to endeavor to forecast it at present. Meanwhile so fur as the railroad system is concerned it seems almost inevitable that the national government nist, soon or late, and iu a greater or less degree, assume a jurisdic tion. This is an obvious conclusion to be de duced from the irresistible development of the system in the course it has hitherto pursued. The next question is when and in what way, and to what extent, is this to be done? What is to be the basis of legislation? This now ad mits of almost infinite modification, ranging from public worship on the one hand, to the most limited regulation on the other. The same may be said as to the extent of juris diction. It may be assumed over all road.s lying in more than one State, or it may be confined to certain trunk lines specially des ignated as military and post roads. These questions it is now premature to discuss. They constitute the final problem. All other pro posed solutions of it, resting upon Slate re lations or State control, are but temporizing expedients, important simply as illustrating the practical value of certain theories. Such may prove instructive resting places; they can hardly bo the final objective. To these, how ever, attention should now be confined, for through them the ultimate results are to be envolved. This would seem to indicate a very decided sense of uncertainty in Mr. Adams's mind as to the wisdom of Stat-.; iiiteifeVviice in the management and regulation of railroads, At the conclusion of this paper Mr. Adams indicates, remotely. Lis possible conversion to the theories of the interventionists. We quote as follows: The only advance which has for years been m ule in railroad legislation w;;s i li'ecied in the direction indicated, by the legisl.Uure of Illinois in the tirst session after the adoption of the new constitution. Amid some legisla tion of very questionable character and pro priety, and which can hardly fail injuriously to ieact upon the reform desired, t wo laws wev enacted of great importance: by one a b iard of commissioners was constituted, and by the other a LTeneral attempt was macie to classify roads and to itllix limits to ti.-j charges for travel. It is extremely improbable that the last art will tie found perfect in us pro visions, but it contains in itself the two ';'e::t germs from which an eflicient regulation of roads by law must grow if the tiling is in any way possible; these two germs aie the rec ognition of the natural differences between different railroad enterprises, and the conse quent delegation of a discretion iu details and administration to a permanent and competent tribunal. This was written seven or eight years ago. If the hint contained in the foregoing circu lar be true, Mr. Adams has finally reached a conclusion, and not, apparently the wisest one. IX ALL DIRECTIONS. On last Saturday morning, as reported by the Tuscarora Times-Review, oneG. H. Raid win, a bad, quarrelsome fellow, got into a fist-and-skull fight with a man named Jim Francis, a druggist. They were separated and Raldwin was made to leave the saloon where the difficulty took place. Soon there after he returned and struck Francis in the face with his pocket knife, destroying his left eye, and making so ugly a wound as to greatly endanger the life of Francis. Raldw in is in jail. He is known as a man who is inclined to be violent, and some months ago made a murderous attempt on an antagonist with a bread knife. So bitter is the feeling against Raldwin at Tuscarora that he has been quietly shipped to Elko to avoid unpleasant results. The Tuscaroras want a bank. Have'nt Wells it Fargo an agency there ? The Reno Journal thinks that the high waters of the Truckee have endangered Von Schmidt's dam, also that if it should break there would bo some very serious damage done at Verdi, Roca, Glendale, Reno, Wads worth and other points on the river. Harrington, the Storey county homicide, has arrived in Reno there to undergo his trial. Four vagabonds who recently robbed Har vey Tompkins' cabinet of curious and valu able specimens and coins have been arrested, and are now in the Reno jail. Andrew Jackson Hatch of i'eno is said to be a candidate for the workingmen's nomina tion for Governor. f an avalanche on the lino of the C. P. R. R. the Reno Journal t'f j'esterday says: Sunday a cave, or more properly a land slide, occurred at Tunnel 1W, at Bronco, on the C. P. R. R. , quite a mass of earth and rocks falling upon the track. It was soon re moved and the delay occasioned was not very great. These things are likely to occur quite frequently now. The cattle shipping business continues to be carried on quite briskly at Winnemucea. Says the Silver State of Monday: Seveial hands of cattle have arrived here for shipment to San Francisco. One herd of one hundred head purchased of James Hearst of Quin River are as tine cattle as have been shipped from this station this winter. Of the Powning -Thompson libel suit, the Reno ir.zctto of Monday evening says: District Court convened this morning at '. a. M. and testimony for defence was continued. Most of the forenoon was consumed in argu ments by counsel in regard to the admissibil ity of certain evidence. S. F. Hoole, author of the alleged libelous article, and II. H. Reck were sworn upon side of defendant. Court adjourned at 1- m. until 1 i m. At the begining of the afternoon session R. M. Clarke delvered opening argument on behalf of jilaintiif, stating the law of libel bearing upon the case at length. He will be followed by Messers Cain and Lewis counsel for de fendant, and the case will be closed by C. S. Varian for plaintiff'. It is hoped that the case will go to the jury to-night. The Cherry Creek Independent wants Broadhorns for a third time Governor. And it is believed that Barkis is willin'. Among the amusing advertisements in the New York dailies is one entitled the "Martha Washington reception and Chinese tea garden of St. John's Guild, for the benefit of the poor of New York and the floating hospital, Feb. 22, 1878. ," to which is appended a list of 500 names of prominent ladies and gentle men as "managers," the first being President Hayes. If the managers all attend with their families, it will bo the largest affair of the season. TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY. One Joseph P. Kennedy has been making an argument before the Uonse Committee on Education and Labi r on the Chinese ques tion. He appears f.r and in behalf of the Chinamen. Just why he takes this course does not seem to have been made clear. We judge him to be an enthusiast who is possessed of a whimsey. He is r.ot a Californian; but he is evidently well fortified with the facts belong ing to and made use of by the "Chinese Six Companies." In replying to the usual objec tions used against the Chinese he was very sarcastic and m.ulj hard hits. The Silver Till has been discussed in a self constituted committee of members of the House of Representatives, caliiugthemselves the Silver Union, and composed of some sixty persons It was finally agreed to submit the bill to the Hanking and Currency Committee. It is quite evident that the Senate amend ments will be fully discussed. Butler sjcins to have, more fully than anyone else, spoken the mind and intent of the ('.nimittee. lie is reported as follows; lutler would take the bill if nothing better was obtainable. He favored debate and de liberate action, lest the President refuse to sign it because not carefully considered. He cririei:ed that section of the bill which pro vides I hat the stiver dollar shall be legal ten der t-xcei -t where otherwise stipulated in the contract. This would allow anybod to take only o u r gold and i:ot silver which the French -- '. .1 ' was not perniissable. He ng and CurreneyCommittee 'ill for amendment and re- t !ioii'';;C the !a: should have tbe rl port. The House J 5 ill to provide for two steam ship lilies between the United States and Bra zil has been submitted to the Senate Commit tee on Post-oihces. Eustis of Louisiana wants 8"iU'0o to reopen the Mint at New Orleans. The Supreme Court has made the important decision that when a railroad company has once undertaken to ship cattle to a certain destination it is responsible for their transfer over the whole distance. Our Government has not received an invi tation to take part in the International Con ference at Baden-Baden. When it does the Cabinet w ill sit on the question like unto a "crowner's quest." McGarrahan comes up again. Now he wants a law of Congress cur ing the defects discovered in his title to the Panoche Grande grant by the Supreme court of the United States. Two brothers by the name of Rustmeyer, in a Nebraska village had a guest at their cabin named Speych. He there played cards. Then, when a dispute arose Mr. Spejx-h invi ted one of the brothers outside, and there whipped him. The next that was seen of Speych he was lying by the roadside dead, with his head caved in. The Rustmeycrs have been arrested. A quarter of a million a month is the esti mated loss to the government caused by the sale of postage stamps by the wholesale to country postmasters. Gen. Kautz is to be relieved from the mili tary command in Arizona, and Gen. Wilson of the 12th Infantry will take his place. Two Belgians who went to Africa by order of their government, are reported dead. Under a resolution introduced in the House by Gen. Banks, one correspondent of each daily paper having headquarters at Washing ton will e allowed the privilege of the iloor. The Russians have been ordered from Sa niadie redoubt on the Constantinople line of defences, and the belligerents seem waiting to complete the terms of peace. Meantime the important attitude of Germaivy is indicated in the following: London, February 18. Conflicting expla nations are given of the reason and character of German intervention, which seems to have tided over the recent crisis. A St. Peters burgh dispatch says: "There is the greatest disappointment here, because the people ex pected the moral support of German', whereas now they hear that the Emperor of Germany, in his speech from the throne, referred to the programme of the Constantinople conference as a basis for settlement." A Vienna corre spondent says: "Russia eagerly deferred to Prince Bismarck's views when the latter, at Austria's solicitation, intimated to Gorrscha kod' that he was straining the situation beyond reasonable bounds. A rupture between Aus tria and Russia was imminent a week ago and iu place of the Kaiserbuud an Anglo-Austrian combination was on the point of being estab lished. It suited Prince Bismarck to a cer tain extent that Austia and Russia should be at variance, but it was altogether contrary to his calculations that Austria should form a separate alliance with England, and had he not been appealed to in time he would have expressed himself before the German Parlia ment in terms that would have made matters perfectly clear for all parties. There are still wide divergencies between Russia and Austria. Prinre Bismarck will complete the reconcilia tion at the Congress. England must look to herself. She has interests at stake which she will be called upon to defend. There is not a statesman on the continent, outside of those directly concerned, that does not admit the chief object of the triple alliance to be the an nihilation of British influence abroad." A Berlin dispatch apparently confirms a portion of the above. It says: "It is doubt ful if Bismarck will make as full an exposure of his Eastern policy as was expected, in re ply to the interpellation in the Reichstag on Tuesday. He will probably be inclined to ex plain his views confidentially at one of his parliamentary soirees. Among the curiosities in the Anny Medi cal Museum at Washington, is the withered and parched hand and arm of a man who for got it on thejbattle-tield of Gettysburg. A can non ball carried it to the top of a high tree where the crows overlooked it for the more abundant carrion of the field, while the wind and sun came, drank up its juices and shriv eled it to its present well-tanned condition. ODDS AND ENDS. The Irish friends of a convicted murderer in Columbus Ga., have presented his counsel with a suit of clothes. The late Miss Lucy W". Merrick of Phila delphia bequeathed 40,000 for benevolent and educational purposes. A Winnecoine, Wisconsin, girl refused an offer of marriage, on the ground that her father was notable to support a larger family. The Florida orange season has proved un reinunerative. The markets were crowded with unripe fruit at first, which forced down prices, and there they have remained. There are 84,lt4 negro voters in Georgia, and they seem to be thriving reasonably veil, owning 457,035 acres of land, s?l,P.V.i,s52 worth of city property, and altogether they own 85,38'J,27. The minister of a Unitarian Church in St. Louis hits in ited the Protestant Episcopal Bishp of Missouri to occupy his pulpit some Sunday evening, and present the strongest statement possible of the claims of the Epis copal Church. The Bishop has consented. A new dodge, that of calling on a lady dur ing her husband's absence, and stating that he has been seriously hurt, with the Intention of having her leave the house, is being played by tramps. Two tried it on a Ringkamtou N. Y., lady, who went alter she had called in some of her neighbors to attend the house in her absence. fjj-Ohl fisiU-rmeii of Long Branch say the sea is higher than they have seen it. for .',': or -10 years, and they have never known the wind to blow so severely and coutiuue for so long a time. The sea, Thursday afternoon, would break over the bluil' and wash across Ocean avenue in the vicinity of the East End and Brighton hotels. Trenton, N. J. ( iazetto. Two vessels are to sail from this country on Cue 25th iii.-f.. with goods for the World's Exposition at Paris next .summer. Commis sioner MeCormiek report:, that the American exhibit will be creditable, but would have been better had longer time for preparation been given. In machinery and agricultural implements the display will be unusually good but many articles of this sort w i re re jected for want of room in which to show them. Is axi Oi t of Hell. Once upon a time, Hosea Ballon and Lyman Beecher met to compare Calvinism and Universalism. Both were Biblb men, and each came armed with textual missiles. After several apostolic blows from each shrewdly parried by the other, Dr. Beecher opened to the ninth psalm and read: "The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all nations that forget God."' 'There sir, the wicked are in hell; get thani out if you can." .Hosea Ballou, calm as a summer morning, pointing to the 20th chapter of John's Revelation, read, "Death and hell de livered up the dead which were in them." "There,'' said Father Ballou, "they are out; get them in again if 3-ou can." Exchange. The old man had him "to hell and gone " He clipped his item from the second edition. SEW AVKTIKEE.TK. Monarch Saloon, North Carson si., opposite Paggeng-er Depot, rjHE F1.NP.ST BRANDS OF WIXES, SPIRITS. MALT LIQUORS AXO CICARS, -The finest Billiard Tahle in the State. M. P. (JliKGOyiCil, Proprietor. lilLUAP.DS fcMO TELEGRAPHIC DISPATCH 9&n FrancUc-o, February 12th 11 A. M., l!J8.j To OLt'OVICH BROTHERS! I bought this day a Qankrupt Stock of THIRTY THOUSAND DOLLARS, thirty cents on the dollar. Goods will bo up there in thirty days. Sell all Ccods slow Cost to make room for This Tremendous Stock, and give the good psop:e of Carson the benefit of this Purchase. , ... HERMAN eiCDViCH. I i- Oii, I 11(1. ABOVE EXPLAINS ITSELF. LADIES, We Shall Keli Goo.ls In Ateorrt fence wifli uluve Or ler. PRICE XO OBJECT. Take advaittax of thfg Rare t lit net febi:; ' M&S. E. E. ADAMS W1. , 1U UTT II K R OLD 1 menus in arwiii arm me public at lar-n- That She 1 again Pioprietrew of I he ADAMS HOUSE, Ami would most iesjiectf.illya.sk for their patronage aIKl encourage tncnt. The Dining Room and Kitchen are nnrler the Personal Supervision Of the Proprietress, and will alwavs be supplied with everithuiir to satisfy the taste of the most fastidious. MRS. K. E. ADAMS. feOm Carson, February 9. 187. J. w. fox, M. r. j. . ,, MIAgTj M DRS. FOX & SMART, DHVSICIANS AND SURGEONS OFFICE: Waitz'i Building, corner of Kinr ar.tl Currr Itrneta, Carson City, MeTada. SPECIAL NOTICE. Great Reduction in Prices, owing to the decline in the Eastern Market. Q??2Mi CAPITOL EU LDiNS, CARSON, iS PORTER A.VI) llftaii Dealer in WIIOI.ISAI,!; AX!) Iron, 1'ow.ior, Ax.-s, Stet-I, Sliot, Saws, ViSL'3, Coal, CaiM, Hop.', Weil-:-, Medics, i-ice Leather. 1 QEQdKEm WARE, Bar Fixtures, China Sets, Lamji.s, e'handelieri. Mirr... untcni-i, Kle., iac. Ktr Agricultural Implements, Harrows, Mowers, Cultivators, Etc., Etc., Gaiiy Flows, Wheut Rakes, Oils Brushes, Coal Oil, Paint Oil, Turpentine, Varnish, White Lead, Kuhl.er Paint, Chemieal Paint, Lard Oil, Machine, Castor, Xeats Foot Oil, Alcohol, Etc., Etc., STOVES. RANGES, TINWARE, Medallion and Laurel Ranges, Buck's and other Brands of Stoves. Pumps, Hose and Pipe, Doors, Windows, Blinds and Class. Wood and Willow Ware, Bird CaKea, Pistols, Guns. Cartridges, Water, Gas and Lead Pipe, House Furnishing Goods. Brass and Steam Goods. Practical Plumbers and Tinners to do roofing and man ufactiu-ing of all kinds Tin and Iron Ware Call and Get Prices Cheap for Cash. ai29iri E. B. RAIL. E.cC0iyELL& co- commission STOCK BROKERS, CORNER OF CARSON Af.D PROCTOS STREETS, AKOX fITV, SEVADA. Mining Stoclis Bought, Sold and Carried on Elargins, Liberal Advances on Active Accounts octltf WAHM SPRINGS Hot axd col' swianns P.VTJIM near the Xevadi S'.ateJPriswi. Warm .springs Uul EUTTS & CEOSGE, :- - Proprietors. This splendid Hutliin- Institution :md well known p!:u--of nsi.rt has been thoroughly overiiutih-d. newly furnished and is, in point of eh anliuess ami e-mifurt. surpass, d l y none on the coast. THK IJA'lliS are inuicriri.iii.' a thor ough repair, and will receive xn at uddition lo ttn-irsize. TflK I! Alt is supplied with the best of iipi,,rs procurable. MKALs by First ( lass 1'o.iks served to order at all hours. The Spring Carriage runs constantly. Orders left at the hotels will Ik; promptly attended to. BATHS. 0 rents no 7tf arriae Free. ROBERT GARDNER, (Late State Surveyor (Jeneral.) No. :J10 Pine treet, Itoom o. 18, San 1 raiieiscn, California State lmds and State Titles a sjiceialty. Timber Lands Located and Titles i'erfceted 1". S. Mineral Patents obtained for .Mines in California or.eada. dec3 FAIiHLY GROCERY. rJlHE CHOICEST AND RAREST For fiiiiiilv use constantly on hand. 7For Nice lAttl Thine Not to B m CO TO CHENEY'S, . A jreneral assortment of the best Uple and choice ctq. jries. FKICES TO SLIT THE TIMES ' r,, r. J0HN" E- CHENEY, Adarng Block, Carson treet, corner of Telezraph January D, 187B. "