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Tl'KMDAT MAY SI. 187H PUDLIC EFFOltT AND OPINION. Wo fiini the foUowin-' interest in matters a 1 1 things in the fvitvka Suith:l of Saturday his: . uroii Skntinkl: I see vo'i commend Jowott W. Adams lor re-election as Lieur-muit Governor. Now, sir, I would 'k you to explain what lie has ever done for the .state, iiidcof drawing fnui tli.r Treasury, as Lieutenant Gov r.ior and ex orti'io Librarian, about fciO.OOO in four years, hi what reflect . a Lieutenant Governor of benefit any j .' VoTSR. hurcka. May 17th, ia'H. Respect for our correspondent inspires the i:ibIication of the above. The last interroga te rv is not easily answered. If we had our way about it, we should abolish about one ! in if of both State and county oflices. The "v'liate nii2,ht elect it3 own President, who ui!d be et. -officio Lieutenant Governor. The . 1 ..ties of the Treasurer might be imposed upon t!i. Secretary of State, and there should be a . :-)o!idatioti of the offices of Clerk of the Su i 'r'.;ie Court and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The doubling up of du-t- s ;is thin suggest ol, would work a saving to . v i.V-T.h of about ?:il),000 per annum. Aside t: ;u the Controller, there is not an officer un- ; r tlv State Government who earns his sal vy. The (rovernor is allowed a Private Sec- try at a cost of $IM per month, who does i s '.uto!y nothing except to read the daily p :.i ;rs and plot for the re-election of his chief, in order that he may retain his fat position. Tii.'ii, pretty much all of the rest of the State tii -jrs are allowed deputies and extra clerks, s., us a inatter-of-f.ict, principals seldom, if mi , do a stroke of work. There is no people ' ;!s face of the habitable globe who pay one 'i ilf the taxes extorted from the citizens of .'vvala. But there is no way of changing all :i. without a remodeling of the constitution; he fault m iinly rests in the fundamental law. l.'.c lte'.ant Governor Adams does all that is reij'tireil of hint under the law, little it is true, but all that any one else could do in his place. 0,,iug to the unfortunate mental condition of Governor Bradley during the last four years, he has really administered the office of Chief K. jutivv f the State, entitling him to the U .;, s share of tho credit or blame centering in that position, This is truth. s usual, when it deals with politics, the Sentinel has embraced a yood deal of matter in this short editorial. We like to see the Pilaus which most intimately concern the peo ple of the State thus frankly dealt with. More i.f Mich candor furnished forth in a spirit of lainiess would put our public measures and liiei: in a much dearer and more uiuierstaiid :.!, light. W i agree with the Sentinel in its estimate t s-much of the action of the convention !ivh framed the Constitution of Nevada as ';i,"-es upon the people of the State the bur lien of many useless offices. One third of the lu iiKibencies of our present system would be .-imp',' for all practical purposes. As to the Sentinel's implied estimate of certain individ-n-.'-; who I're alluded to. the near future and 1 1 . . t the immediate present v. ill afford the M'D.MNn A I'l'i.AL an opportunity to invite puMic attention to its views with regard thereto. Suffice the following general re in.ii ks for the present consideration: At. tho coming general election the grave ii-piinibility will devolve upon the people of eiee: i I ig the persons who are to perform the ileiies which attach to the various offices con templated by theConstitution and the laws of the State. It seems to us that there is need to look upon the responsibilities thus devolv ing, i.i a very serious mood and from onother than the ton common standpoint from which mi. !i tilings are regarded. States are like to be known by the manner of men upon whom 1 1n ii ciiiefcitt honors. are conferred. Let us illustrate what we would say: W endell Phillips, in his celebrated lecture on Idols, criticising the purpose of Massachu setts t erect a statue in honor of Daniel Web ster (whom Phillips condemned for his course upon the slavery question), said: "The State, for tins second time in her history, oti'ers a pedestal for the statue of a citizen. Such a step deserves thought." "It is a grave thing when a State puts a man among her jewels, -especially one whose friends frown i'n discussion - the "litter of whose fame makes doubtful acts look heroic." Translating the wai niii'' "iven bv Kschines to the Athenians thru "in granting crowns they judged them- selves. and were forming the characters of their children," Phillips presents us with the following: ."Most f all, fellow citizens, if your sons ak whose example they shall imitate, what u ill you say.' For you know well it is not music, nor the ''vmnasium, nor the schools ihat mould youii! men: it is much more the public proclamations, the public example. The ouestion, then, recurs: Have we in the selection of our public servants chosen those whose names are fittest to be borne upon the senilis of our State's history.' Are our highest offices tilled in such a manner and with such materials as invite the admiration of those whose opinions are to be valued.' Is our just pride, the pride of self-respect, satisfied with the pcrsoiielle and attainments, effort and am bition, example and culture, antecedents and capacities of the men who fill our most con spicuoiH oflices! Is it satisfactory that a Gov ernor's reputation for common honesty is suf ficient to hide the grossness of his illiteracy? Are we willing to rest under the implied ad mission that the ignorance of a rustic is a nec essary condition precedent to official probity? Is there to be no pride of official station,ready to manifest itself upon all proper publicocca Mous.' Shall we perpetuate, in the name of narrowness, greed, availibility and the demo cratical virtues of accessibility and hail fellow ship a disregard of those courtesies which race the Executive office and give the State and its institutions a resectable standing at home and abroad ? Shall we, by continuing to honor the mean and the uncultured, per sist in depreciating letters and social excel lence? Have we no tributes to pay to the arts, the sciences and the more alluring accom plishments of life? The time has come when the people of Ne vada should cease to be content with public men whose chiefest task it is to drawtheir sal aries and seek to perpetuate themselves in office. Men who are thus selected are marked and prominent. They are "the jewels'' the State chooses to wear. It is right that men thus elevated should set an example not only of honesty of official conduct but of public spirit. There is a rising generation to be edu cated and taught the ways which are best to be pursued. Shall we who have the selecting of the persons who are to fill these conspicu ous places fail to require of them the highest possible standard ? There is much to be done here indeed almost everything is yet to be done to lift this State up to a fair grade of intellectual purpose and effort. The common school does much ; but it is in the general trend of public opinion that the State best shows its regard for those elevating and en nobling influences which find expression in re tinement, in morals and in purity of life. It will not do much longer to ignore or neglect these things. We must fill our offices with men whose character and attainments attest the public esteem for that which is noblest and most exemplary in mankind, or sutler the demoralizing consequences. And if this be true, as we most earnestly believe it to be, the application of it is not to be confined to any party or faction or individual. It forms the basis of healthy political action for it has for its aim and demand the highest and purest broadest and most beneficent functions of the' State. And the aim of a people cannot be too high. WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. Washington, D. C May 11. 1873 The Senate took up the bankrupt bill on Monday, but laid it aside to enable Senator Gordon to deliver himself of a speech, Ion since prepared and duly advertised, in favor of the repeal of the resumption act. He at tributed all the ills under which the country has been laboring to wrong legislation; but, although his speech was a very fair specimen in style and delivery of the kind usually ob served at political meetings, it did not set forth in a coherent way w hat the riht kind of legislation should be. At the conclusion of the speech the pension bill was discusse 1 until adjournment, again considered on the following day and passed. A vote on the motion of Cockrell to proceed to a second reading of the bill to prevent the further re tirement of greenbacks showed a decided ma jority against contraction the vote being o4 to 'J3. The Indian appropriation took up two days' discussion, and was passed on Thursday. Yesterday the bill to repeal the bankrupt law was again discussed and passed with an amendment of Thurman's fixing the time when the bill shall go into operation at Sep tember 1, 1878. It now goes back to the House for the concurrence of that body. ( n Tuesday Mr. Howe, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the joint resolution relative to Chinese immi gration, reported the f illowing concurrent resolution: "'.'('', by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That the pro visions of the existing treaty between the Empire of China and the United States, al lowing the unrestricted emigration to this country from China, might wisely be modified so as to subserve the best interests of both governments; and the attention of the Exec utive is respectfully invited to the subject. "' It was ordered to be printed, and will be culled up at an early day. Yesterday the House joint resolution authorizing the use of 830,000 for perfecting the foundation of the Washington monument was passed with an amendment that the result of the expenditure shall be reported to Con gress at the next session. The House was occupied exclusively on Monday in a debate on the bill to establish a permanent form of government for the inev itable District of Columbia. The bill as re ported provides that Congress shall elect the District Commissioners. Cox, of New York, thought Congress had no right to do so, and argued that such an act would be unconstitu tional. An amendment which he then offered embodying his views was rejected. Townsend, of Illinois, followed with an amendment pro viding for the election, of the Commissioners by a joint convention of the two Houses, and allowing each Senator and Representative to vote either for three Commissioners or to cast three votes for one Commissioner, which was rejected almost unanimously. The consideration of the bill was resumed on Tuesday and passed, after being amended in several respects. The main features of the bill are as follows: Three Commissioners are provided for, one of whom is to be an engineer officer detailed by the President, one to be elected by the Senate and one by the House ; and they are to hold office three years at a compensation of 5,000 a year, except to the engineer officer, who is to receive only his pay as such officer. A council of 24 are to be chosen by the people every two years, and are to serve without pay a provision that will cool the ambition of many an aspiring District Statesman. The rate of taxation, 50 per cent, of which is to be bourne by the United States, is fixed at $1.50, thus render ing happy the inveterately soreheaded, old fogy taxpayers who have been wretched ever since Governor Shepherd compelled them to pay something towards the cost of digging them out of the malaria, mud and dust in which they had revelled so long more like swine than human beings. Tho tariff bill is dragging along in a dreary sort of way, and will probably serve no other purpose than to give Kelly of Pennsylvania, and Wood of New York opportunities to air their respective incongruous stores of facts. figures and fancies. Yesterday the House got up one of its scenes of disorder over a bill to pay to Richard Heater, executor of John Heater, deceased, of late Loudown county, Virginia, the sum of 83,305 for stores and supplies taken by the United States army. The question of loyalty was thrown into the dispute and the whole "round gone over as to the right of Southern war claimants to relief. White, of Pennsyl vania, hurled Libby Prison at the Confeder ates with great force, saying that imprisoned loyal civilians of the South died day after day of starvation. He also said: "Their fellow- prisoners, soldiers, who were captured in honorable warfare, and were in the room above them, dropped food to them through holes in the floor. These loyal prisoners put up their skinny hands, looked up with their emaciated faces and hustled each other to "et the crumbs that were dropped down to them. He could prove the truth of his statements if his witnesses were here; many of them have gone to their long homes." The bill was, amid much confusion, reported to the House and passed the vote standing on the motion to lay it on the table nays, 5!t, yeas 110; absentees, l'2'2. Republicans and reasonable Democrats voted with the majority, as there was no doubt of Heater's loyalty. lhere is much talk here as to what action, if any, the Democrats of the House will take in relation to the alleged frauds in Florida that gave the Presidency to Hayes. Nothing definite is known by anybody, but the talk "oes on all the same as if each individual knew the whole present and future. The H.piililioiH here goes fur a general investi gation of all the frauds practiced in the sev eral states, but seems to meet with no second on the part of the Democracy. The New- Yolk H "'( is urging action in the Florida matter, and scorns the idea that its party can be disastrously affected in the next Congres sional elections by any inquest that may be ordered. The ma jority of the Judiciary Com mittee play shy, although some of its mem bers favor investigations. It has been pro posed to open up the whole matter, not with a view of unseating Hayes, but for the sole purpose of acquainting the people with all the facts. Whether the country would rest quiet under positive proof that Hayes holds his place by conniving at and participating in fraud, is a question that may be asked. On the whole the Democracy would do well to make haste slowly, or they may raise a devil they cannot lay. P.vlta. The Eureka Sentinel, reviewing some of the blunders of the Democracy advises, very earnestly, that the investigation contemplated by the Potter Resolution be so far impartial as to include an inquisition into alleged Dem ocratic abuses. Our shrewd contemporary sees the advantage of going to work with the courage and promptings f full candor. It also expressed the opinion that any attempt to disturb Hayes's title will be to place the Democracy in "the attitude of agitators and revolutionists;" and it wisely observes that "No risk of this kind should be incurred.1 Hut we suspect that the Democrats who are as far seeing and philosophical as Senator Cassidy are not sufficiently abundent in Con- gross to suppress the sort of agitation which oiiijht to alarm the country against the danger of placing that party again in power. At all events, we are prepared to see Hayes's title made the sub ject of violent assault when Con gress meets again; and we only wish we could believe that the North had enough spirit to resent so offensive a demonstration upon the part ot the bona south. Fit ank Clifford, the robber who was par doned out of the State Prison about a year ago is on trial in White Pine county for grand larceny. He stands accused of stealing a bar of bullion from Wells, Fargo A Co. The glass roof of the Palace of Industry erected in the Champs tie Mars makes it very warm for the Parisians and their guests. Pishop Whitaker is preachiiif to the char coal burners and Base-rangers of the Great East. Governor Bradley is in Tuscarora. At all event3 lie was there the latter part of last week. Pneumonia prevails at Austin. And still the festive Anstinian trill go to pic-nics. The Tybo Xi has entered upon its second -oluiiie. May it never cease to shine! John Booth of the Reveille is at Santa Cruz, Cal. , rusticating;. STRAWBERRIES BY THE MILLION ! AT THE NEW FAMILY MARKET JL YOU CAN GET THREE BOXES OP FINEST NEWCASTLE STRAWBERRIES FOR ZFMfty Osnts. Full weight ; no cheating. You will tind them on the bottom just as i;ood as they are on top. Call and try us. J. B. ANGR'S, proprietor May 15, UTS. Family Market, Adams Uoa-c Ulock. CARSON THEATER. ONE NICHT ONLY! i?ith c!y the last appearance in this city of the Ai:i Union Square Theater Company TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 21, Will !... presented the jrreat comedy, in 5 acts, by Bronson Howard, Esq., entitled SARATOGA! ACT 1. A'T 2, ACT 3. At T 1. ACT 5.- -Ccntr.il Park, New York. -At the Wei!?. Saratoga. -The Wood near Moon Lake. I'arb.rsat the " I'nion." -Private Parlor No. 73. ADMISSION, SI.OO No Extra Charge for Reserved Seats. Box Office now ojk.'U, and reserved seats can be secured at anv time. 17M RACES! RACES! CARSON, NEVADA, July 4th, 5th 1 6th, I'nder t lie auspices of the STATE AND ORMSBY COUNTY AGRICUL TURAL SOCIETY. S-,0()0 IN PLUSES! SPEED FIRST PROGRAMME: DAY-JIXY 1th. A C.IiAN'l) SWEEPSTAKE FtAi.'E - ?l,0O0 Mile and n peat. Horses: " liatternian," "Iiiurion," and "April Fool." i:i'N"XIN(;-Half-milc dash: frc. for all. Purse, $1 fx). SECOND DAY JULY 3th. TItOTTINi; - Mile heats, three tr five, to harness : free for a 1 east of the Sierra Nevada Mountains Purse, ifUiM, entrance added. Itl'NNIXi; -One and one-half :ni!e dash; free for all. Purse, Sl.W. THIRD DAY JULY ith. P.rWINC Tun miles and reneat: free for all. Purse, .ipai. Kntr nvk Ten per i-tnt., to c'oe the day previous to race, at h p. M. Nation:i! Assoeiation liules to govern trotting, l'aeilie Coast Kules to ot ern running races. Track in first class condition. St tb'es. etc., rcadi for use. .inn 1. i'AML'Mi, Secretary. C'iirson 1'itv, May sth. Is??. TELEGRAPHIC DISPATCH Hun Framisce, February lith 11 A. M., To OLC'OVICH BROTHERS: I bought this day a Bankrupt Stock of THIRTY THOUSAND DOLLARS, thirty cents on the dollar. Goods will be up there in thirty days. Sell all Goods Below Cost to make room for This Tremendous Stock, and give the good people of Carson the benefit of this Purchase. HERMAN OLCOVICH. 14s word, paid.) ABOVE EXPLAINS ITSELF. LADIES. We Shall Sell Goods in Accord ance with above Order. PRICK NO OBJECT. Take advantage of this Rare Chance, febl:l WJV. MANUFACTURE T T the Best Modern Improved Truss. A Perfect Retainer. Pri' r reduced. No magnetism, quack medicine, or misrepresentation about us. Ncnd for Illustrated (..ataioiruu. CALIFORNIA ELASTIC TKCSS COMPANY. 015 Sacramento St., Nan Francisco. The California Elastic Truss has won its wav to imblic lavor, on aecouni in irs many advantages, not on v of ail jusimeiu, out iieinjj iree irom metal springs aim iron hoops, it can tie constantly worn with case and Comfort The price also places it within reach of all afflicted. Five. eiiflit and ten dollars fur an article superior to what lias heel, neretinore so.aior tw.ee n..t thr.ee that sum, adds to its sales and use. It is constructed on scientific principles and sells on its merits. r rtmi the AMd FMoieg -NVi? -d7 San Frmwivco. mvizv THE MYSTERY SOLVED. Six Shirts for S7.50! AT FRANK BOSKOWITZ'S. THE ONLY ONE PRICE STORE IN TOWHI DEALER IN MEN'S AND BOYS' Furnishing Gsod, Hau anil Caps, Boot and Shoes. Trunks, Valltcs. Blankets, Mattresses, Etc Etc Etc COUNTY BUILDING, CARSON CITY NEVADA SPECIAL NOTICE. Great Reduction in Prices, owing to the decline in the Eastern Market. E. B. RAIL, OPPOSITE CAPITOL BUILDING, CARSON. IMPORTER A.D WHOLESALE AXI Ketail Dealer in HARDWARE, Iron, Powder, Axes, Anvils, Steel, Shot, Saws, Vises, Coal, Fuse, Caps,1 Bellows, Rope, Wedges, Sledges, Lace Leathc. GLASS AND CROCKERY WARE, Bar Fixtures, China S,et, Laaiipa, Chandeliers, Mirrors, Lanterns, Etc., Etc., Etc Agricultural Implements, PJ'A'S Harrows, Keapers, Mowers, Cultivatorii, Etc., Etc., Gang Plows, Wheat flake?. Paints, Oils Brushes, Coal Oil, Paint Oil, Turpentine, Varnish, White Lead, Kubher Paint, Chemical Paint, Lard Oil, Machine, Castor, Neats Kout Oil, Alcohol, Etc., Etc., STOVES, RANGES, TINWARE, Medallion and Laurel Ranges, Buck's and other Brands of Stoi es Pumps, Hose and Pipe. Doors, Window Blinds and Class. Wood and Willow Ware, Bird Cages, Pistols, Guns. Cartritig-es, Water, Gas and Lead Pipe, House Furnishing Goods, Brass ana Steam Goods. Practical Plumiiers and Tinners to do roofing and niss ufacturin of all kinds Tin aud Iron Ware Call and Get Prices Cheap for Cash. E. B. RAIL. FAMILY GROCERY. rjiHK choickst.;and rarest GROOEHIES For family use constantly on'hand. KTFor Nice Little Thinira Kat to Ru -c Found Elsewhere "Xtl! CO TO CHENEY'S. A general assortment of tho best staple and choice "'0 nes. PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES ! JOHN' E. CHENEY, Adams Block, Carson street, comer of Tele'Taph. January s, ls7s. CHEAP EiTISTKY. CHEAP OPERATIONS in the human mouth always signify! N,or work. .Small nav in anv canae- ity in life can neer secure lirHt class talent, as is evinced in au oranencs oi im-.iness. Operations upon the human subject, above everything else, should be iierforaied by a-i artistic hand. All oiK-rations iien'ormed bv DR. BREWSTER, As is well known, wear this cast. Owinsr. howev.-r t tl- stringency of the times financially, I The Doctor proposes to Drop the Price o ma operations io suit the period, on and after April 15th. That none may be debarred of bis artistic ability. ii, ioio. Ill WILHELM SADLER, - llKALKl! IS FRIITS, CONFECTIONERY. JELLIES. AND CANNED GOODS. A Full Assortment constantly on Hand. Carson street, third door south of .Spear street. .Carson City, Nevada. nihtS SIO Reward! OST. ON TUESDAY. MAY 7th. I8?S between the Mountain House, on the Aurora KW and Cradlebau-h's Kauch. a Memorandum W imr vaiuaoie papers, letters and some inoiicv Ti,o will receive the above reward by leaving it at the Mountain ii"um,- mi me rt.uruia ruau. f! Tr ti ItV Mav ah, 'jw JVOTICE. SEALED PROPOSALS WILL BE RF ceived until MAV Kith, ls7. at the orhee of ih retary of State of the State of .Nevada, for insuring the Mate Capitol Buildin- in the sum of 8100,000 and th It-TV," V'C ? ?-5-00" f"r one ar fr"m Mr loth, lat. The Capitol Commissioners reserve the rurLL to reject any and all bids. reserve me nglt ProiKjsals will also be received for ;,, ,u. c Capitol Euildiug and State Library for tern.s of two nd three years from May loth, 187s. "..soi two ana oruer ut the Uoard of Capitol Commissioners. .1 ii m i vki w & Carson, May 5, 1878. td. aw-u"y. NOTICE! TO CONSUMERS OF WATER I,-! tion hereafter will only he allows) hiil n. held in the hand. The prSceoi ! MoT 5 vtobe5iiv.ev,'t,o,, ,rom 0118 T. C. Pin'ckn'kt, Secre' WATER CMPANY Carson, May 1st, 1S7S.