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J'lKEK TO M'ITIE.'V. ine "Silver- lnitii " Senator Mak to Ilie Kilter SliUe-Keply to the Welt-unie Uiveu Illm lu Vlrrliii ij July 27, 1H7H III View l.nlMtr, lite Silver 1H tnle ami Hill. .Siibortlinatiou of Corporation In I lie Common- Meal III. the hinee ('iirne autl H'hat MiiNt he Ion. aul Sur render of III .Senatorial Trnsl. Senator Jones spoke from the balcony of the International II otil and was received by a very large and enthusiastic audience. After an eloquent introduction from Colonel 11. 11. Taylor, he spoke as follows: Ftilon- Citizens : Would that I with a master hand could sweep the keys of lan K'lago and make utterance phonographic ally express the mingled sentiments of joy, pride and gratitude that ara welling up in my heart to-night. Would I were so gifted in speech that I could adequately convey to you how much I appreciate the warm greeting with which you have wel comed me home, and how sensible I am of the distinguished honor of this spontane ous demonstration which no amount of personal vanity could prevent me from Biispecting is due rather to your generous friendship than my own deserving. Follow citizens, that which we most ur deutly desire we best interpret. This is but another method of expressing the idea that the wish is father to the thought. Certain it is that the supremest wish of a representative of the people next to the approval of his own conscience MIOIUUIK THK ATI'IIOHATION OF Ills I'uN- sn ii k. is. These are the all snflieiout and legitimate rewards of faithful service there can be no other. Since 1 have had the honor of serving as your representative, I have striven, in season and out of season, to up hold and advance the interests of Nevada. In all efforts made to this end I have been encouraged and sustained by the thought that an approving constituency was be hind me. My I not be pardoned then if I iuterpret this demonstration not as a ui(-re personal compliment, but as an ex pression of your satisfaction without re ference to party distinction not with j everything I have said and done in the I Senate of the I'nited Slates, but with the j general aim, spirit and purpose of my ao- I lion in that body ? j This is not the time nor the occasion for speech-making, but were it otherwise, and ! were I ever so much disposed to discuss HIS 'OX- relating to the enrrenev will undoubtedly arise in the near future; some of them are already foreshadowed. It has long been claimed and generally admitted that specie convertibility is a useful, although far from perfect or adequate, check upon the aberration in the value of paper money. It is generally admitted that the volume of both the metals is inadequate for the transaction of the world 8 business, and that paper money in some form is indis pensably necessary. What the nature of this paper money shall be whether con vertible or inconvertible ; who shall issue it, the Government or the banks ; what the rule shall be regulating the quantity to be issued ; whether it shall be convert ible into low-interest-bearing bonds to in sure stability of value, or whether the value shall be determined by a constitu tional limitation and regulation of the quantity issued all these are questions which are now being extensively discussed east of the Rocky mountains, and should bo considered and discussed calmly and candidly by everybody, whether in or out of office, because they deeply and pro foundly affect the welfare of all. There is a growing demand by the public for the passage of the law, WUICU SHALL COMPEL OltEAT RAILROAD CORPORATIONS, Which are purelv the creatures of law, to deal justly and without discrimination, for or against any person or locality, with all the people in the regions which their roads traverse and supply. Any measure calcu luted to make these roads subordinate to law, instead of permitting them to remain above the law, and that shall force them to deal equitably with all, shall in the future as in the past have my hearty sup port. The question of Chinese immigration lias been painfully familiar to many of you for a long period. Fortunately, through the wisdom of the Miners' Unions of Nevada and the just acquiescence in their demands by the mine owners, THK '.ARHYROIS URIEL AXD DEMORALIZING COMPETITION OK THE CHINESE In our great leading industry has been avoided. The blight is not upon us as it is upon our sister State, California, yet we have not escaped the evil eflects of the competition there. Each avenue of indus try occupied by the Chinese in California lessens the avenues for white labor and tends to overcrowd the labor market here Chinese immigration is a question of world-wide significance. It is a cosmical movement the danger to flow from it cannot bo over-estimated. I have always held the opinion that the importation or immigration of Asiatic laborers to this country should be not restricted, but ab- brance the honor bestowed upon me. A man who has served in a public office holds an entirely different relation to the public than he who seeks it for the first time. I am proud to know that the State has many citizens fitted by ability, mteg rity and knowledge of public affairs to serve her acceptably in the Senate of the United States. A seat in that body is for such citizens a legitimate object of ambi tion may be honorably solicited by them selves, and their friends for them. It is legitimate for them to make promises for the future, and by all honorable means to present their qualifications and fitness for so high a trust. THE STATE OWES NO MAN AN OI-TICE, And no man is necessary to the State. The field of selection is wide, and the claims of all candidates should be fully, freely and fairly canvassed. But the incumbent of an office cannot, with any show of prace, solicit a reappointment or re-election, Promises are no longer in order for him They must have emptied themselves into performances he must stand or fall by his record. This is the position I find myself in to-night, and I shall await with calmness the verdict of the people. Fellow-citizens, I will conclude by again thanking you for this signal evidence of your continued friendship and confidence. I am proud to know that the greeting with which you welcome me home, is as fervent as the Godspeed with which you sent me forth. THE ( IIIM.SE h Ksnox. I'oHition of the Republican Party and of the Nevada Senator. tion. The question is one of the greatest im portance, not only to our own citizens, to our own laborers with regard to the reward that they shall get for their labor, but in regard to the MORALS OF THK COMMUNITY. The people on tbe Pacific Coast have suffered an invasion there worse than the grasshopper plague, worse than the plague of the locusts. They have found a people who bring with them no respect for our Government, no knowledge of our language ; a brutalized peop'e; a people that recognize neither honesty among their men, nor virtue among their women ; and they have planted themselves like a leprous sore in onr midst; and I believe there is scarcely any difference of opinion on the Pacific Coast with regard to the action that should be taken by the Committee ou Resolutions. Many of us there are in favor, a majority of the law-abiding people are in iavor, of protecting the Chinese ; but we find that publio opinion is so strong against them there, that it is almost impossible to do so. The very language of the Chinaman has degenerated into a bibidinous slang. They do nothing TO SUPPORT ORGANIZED SOCIETY In the country. One of these Chinamen can work for ten cents a day and, perhaps, success fully compete with Vie American laborer, who sup ports schools and raises a family, and, when the country is in danger, places himself in the fore. most ranks of defense, in the resolutions si- ready offered here, and to which no opposition has been made, I find one in relation to the tariff, providing that the duties on imports shall be go levied that the rights of the Ameri can laborer shall be protected; that he shall receive as high wages as it is possible for him to receive. I have no doubt that the gentle man who addressed you, opposing the present resolution submit'fd by the committee, is iu favor of these imposts of tariff's for the protec tion of the American laborer; that is to say. he is in favor of imposing a tariff upon the intro duction of goods or manufactures from abr. ad under the pretense that the American laborer will be protected ; but he shows himself to be in favor of it with the postal system. I will not at this time present any of the reasons of the political economists for voting as indicated on the prop ositions referred to. To act otherwise would, in my opinion, aid in destroying those great principles of equality and justice which in spired the Declaration of Independence, and are the only sure foundations or republican government. Nir.YKK KEMOXETIZATJOX. The people of Nevada are familiar with the remarkable career and suceess of their Senator iu this important question, in which he has virtually conquered the prejudices of modern thinking and habit, and made himself a foremost place among the economic thinkers and financial pub licists and statesmen of this country not in America alone, but throughout all the leading countries. A few extracts are here presented to recall the general cur rent of his advocacy, and to illustrate the spirit in which he has acted in the Senate : Free loinaije Equal and Exact Justice. the issues that divide the great political solutely and entirely prohibited. A dis parties of the country, I should refrain from d' ing so, upou seeing as I do see, large numbers of persons in this assem blage before mo whose political faith dif fers from my own, and who have, for to night, forgotten their polities in the warmth of their greeting to a returning representative. I certainly could not be so ungracious as to ho less forgetful than they. Modern times have developed a great and growing tendency toward the accumulation of enormous individual wealth ; to the creatiou of gigantic, all powerful corporations and to the classifi cation of industries in well-defined groups. This has powerfully contributed to make THE WVIMNCI LINT UEIWEF.N CAPITAL AND l.u;iu More marked and distinct, if not to inten sify the apparent or real conflict between them. The great central problem with which statesmen have to deal to-day and which is ominously pressing for discussion and decision in all civilized lands and to which nearly all other questions are col lateral or subordinate, is, how to adjust the relations of capital and labor bo as to preserve and b-st subserve the interests of both : and, so as to secure the greatest possible measnro of justice to each. THE Egt'Il'AlSLE A1MISTMEN T Of the relations between labor and capital would solve the problem of the equitable distribution of the fruits of industry. It is, in fact, not a question, but an aggrega tion of all the questions heretofore dis cussed by political economists, and to ar rive at its correct soiutiou, one ny one, must all the underlying questions be con sidered. The human mind is so consti tuted that it is seldom, if ever, that more than one of these subsidiary questions can be usefully considered atone and the same tune, and it has happened that the ques tion which has recently been predominant iu the public mind, has been that of the restoration of silver to its old and im memorial place iu the world's metallic monetary system. The efforts to accomplish this restora tion have, as was to be expected, met with the most violent opposition from a major ity of the public press of turope and America, and generally from the niouev- inongers and credit-brokers of the world. Those efforts wero, however, sustained by the enthusiastic support of the masses of the people. The credit of the partial vie tory which was won last Winter by the passage of the Silver bill belongs to no one man or set of men or party. This great victory for the toiling masses was carried through by the arguments of thoughtful men in Congress and in the public nress in nearly all parts of the couutry. The people everywhere were quick to see that it could not have been cither expedient or just to strike down one-half the money which had been in use everywhere and iu all ages, and leave debts to be paid without adjustment to the new scale and in a medium of enor mously and artificially increased value. They wore everywhere quick to see that to strike down any portion of that great in strument thr3ngh which alone the pro ducts of industry can be justly distributed, was A MCRDEItOl S r.LoW AT INDUSTRY ITSELF, And against the interests of the hand workers and bread-winners of the world. They were everywhere quick to see that a shrinking volume of money meant falling prices, and that falling prices meant an elimination of the hope, and almost even of the possibility, of profit in business. which is the only incentive to production ; and this meant such a diminished demand for labor as would throw vast numbers of workiugmen out of employment and re duce the wages of those employed to a scanty pittance. It was these broad views, without reference to technical and ab struse considerations, that convinoed and controlled tho general judgment, and ap pealed to and carried along the general conscience of the country. I was but one of many to give expression to theso views, and can claim no other merit than that of ardor, vigilance, and laborious persistence in the work. But the work is not yet completed. The discussion must again be opened and continued nutil TUB ENTIRE RE11 A11IL1TATION OK SILVER Is accomplished until the mints of the country shall be compelled to receive it for coinago on the same terms as gold, and until (so far as the law is concerned) it shall be placed side by aide and on equal conditions in onr monetary system with its twin brother, gold. Other questions tinction is sought to be made between the voluntary immigration of Chinese laborers aiid the importation of coolies, but it is a distinction without a difference. The whole population of China has been sub jected for thousands of years to the most cruel despotism. During this gloomy period not one single brave declaration for liberty has been made, not one blow for freedom struck. The Chinese race has solved the problem of achieving the maxi mum of production with the minimum of consumption. Tho question is often flip pantly asked, Is not this superior race of ours able to withstand the competition of the barbarous, despised Chinese in any of the avenues of industry and trade? Are wo cot able to hold our own with them in the race of life ? I answer, yes ; but upon the conditions that we banish hope, sur render ambition, forget the Christian vir tues, give up wife, children, family and family ties, stifle all the spiritual yearn ings of the soul and content ourselves with the minimum that will support ani mal life, uur race will never permit itself to be reduced to this degraded condition to this appalling extremity. It is the first time in the history of the world that THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST CIVILIZATION Have confronted each other on the same field aud striven for the possession of the soil with industrial weapons. The contest i-t a much more dangerous one to the higher race than if the weapons were war like. The ability and willingness to live on the most miserable and scanty subsist ence, which enables the coolie to drive the American artisan and laborer from the field and workshop, will enable the Chi nese employer inured to the same habits to compel the employer to abandon his business and the banker to surrender bis counter. Whenever a superior race with cultivated wants and tastes are threatened with the invasion of an inferior race of un limited numbers, whose warns are few and whose power of endurance and production is great, one of three things must happen : The immigration must be checked before it becomes too great to deal with, or the inferior race must be reduced to slavery and made to minister to the wants of the superior race, or the superior race must become as degraded as the inferior or be driven out by it. THE ENSLAVEMENT OF THE INFERIOR RACE Is not for a moment to be thought of. It would be prolific of untold evils and horrors, and is repugnant to the pro gressive tendencies of the age. For the superior race to permit itself to be driven out by the inferior would be repugnant to the instincts of self-preservation. The third proposition, then, is the only sensi ble and feasible one. The persistent efforts of the people of this coast and their repre sentatives in Congress have attracted gen eral attention to the evil of Asiatic immi gration. The people of the East are be ginning to appreciate the magnitude of the threatened danger to the industries of this coast, and eventually of the whole country, and I have no doubt that a little more agitation of the question will secure proper and peaceful remedies for it. The right to quarantine physical diseases has never been questioned ; andean the right be denied to quarantine the leprosy of morals with winch their presence here would attaint our pure atmosphere ? The people of the East are beginning to see. as we have long seen, that their presence among us contaminate and debauches our youth with their degrading vices and drives our manhood from their fields of labor bv their slavish industrial virtues. Fellow citizens, I ara about to surrender to a generous constituency THE HIOH SENATORIAL TRUST Confided to my charge nearly six years ago Mistakes I may have made ; errors I may have committed ; but examine the commission I am about to surrender as closely as you may, and you will find that it has never been used to subserve selfish or personal ends, and that the honor of the commonwealth placed in my keeping has been maintained unsullied. - It is for the people of Nevada to determine who shall be my successor. It would be disin gonous in me not to declare at this time, and in the presence of my friends and neighbors of Storey County, that an in dorsement by the people'of the State would be most gratifying to my feelings ; but if in their wisdom the people shall decide -that the general interests will be best subserved by choosing from the list of her many distinguished sons one to suc ceed me, I shall rest entirely content and never cease to hold in grateful remem- Senator Jones has from the beginning of his active life been an open antagonist of the. unrestricted immigration of the Chinese to the Pacific Coast. He has al ways been known for his outspoken opinions on this subject. In his first Senatorial canvass he took occasion to place himself on record before the people, and especially was that the ease in the closing speeches of that campaign. Since he has been in the United States Senate, his votes have been recorded in favor of the propositions submitted by Senator Sargent and other representatives of the Pacific Coast States. When the question entered the arena of national politics, the Nevada Senator was its foremost cham pion. He was a delegate from this State to the National Republican Convention, held in Cincinnati June 14, 15 and Hi, 1870, at which President Hayes and Vice President Wheeler were put in nomina tion. In that Convention the Senator was assigned to the Committee on riatform, of which General Joseph R. Hawlcy of Connecticut was Chairman. In that committee Senator Jones intro duced and strenuously advocated a resolu tion which declared that Chinese immi gration and competition is virtually ser vile in its character, and is, morally, socially, economically and politically, an unmitigated evil, which should be posi tivelv and peremptorily prohibited. lie also demanded that Congress legislate on this question, claiming what Mr. Sargent of California has since so ablv demon- stated on the floor of the Senate, that no treaty could bar tho sovereign right to enact laws for the benefit of tbe whole people. Mr. Jones urged that the Repub lican platform demand the abrogation at the earliest possible day of those clauses of the Burlingame Treaty which give sup port and protection to Chinese immigra tion. He was met in committee, not so much by direct opposition to his arraignment of the evils pro duced by the presence of the Chinese, as by fears of the pro posed measures being regarded as an in terference with the principles maintained by this country the right of every indi vidual to choose voluntarily his own alle giance, and its corrouary, tun ire rigrn of naturalization. Senator Jones coni- batted the fallacy that tho prohibition of the Chinese was in any sense such an in terference or denial, taking the ground rather that their presence was a contest between two forms of civilization one high and aspiring, but not yet chrystal- ized ; the other embodying a low and sordid utilitarianism, trained by centuries of shaping and use, having no aspirations, loaded with vices, and animated only by the ambition of the parasite feeding on other and more stalwart lives, until they were destroyed or consumed. It was then objected that the people in general did not apprehend tbe character of the ques tion, that the facts were unknown to the country at large, and that the true policy was to demand a careful inquiry into them. The following, being the eleventh plank of the National Republican plat form, was framed and reported by the committee, and adopted after an animated debate, by the convention : 11. Tt it the immediate, duty of Con- presx to fully investigate, the effect of the imnniqratvm and importation of Monijoliomit on the moral anil material infereMft of the country. This resolution was acted upon, and a Republican Senate carried through the appointment of a joint committee, under the chairmanship of the late Senator O. P. Morton, to make the investigation de manded. The report of that committee has had a great deal to do with the enor mous increase of general knowledge of the subject and the active advance of pub lic sentiment in supporUof the position occupied in this and the other Pacific States on the Chinese question. Imme diately on the reading of the platform, Mi. E. L. Pierce of Massachusetts made a speech against the eleventh resolution, declaring that it was in spirit a violation of the Declaration of Independence and ... - r as being contrary to tne doctrine oi Christian equality among all men and raoes. Mr. Axtell briefly replied, and was followed by Senator Jones, who said : Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention : I do not propose, after so Ions and tedious a AN UNLIMITED FREE IMPORTATION Of the coolie semi-servile laborers to compete with the honest American laborers of the Pa cific Coast. This resolution asks for nothing but this that this convention shall call upon Congress to appoint a committee to inform it self, so that it shall know as much about this iiuestion as those who live on that side of the country and have been subject to all its hor rors. All that it asks is, that Congress shrill investigate, and if nothing shall be necessary, then, of course, nothing will bedoue; and I hope there will be no serious opposition to the passage of the resolution as offered by the C"in-mittee. The resolution was also supported by Mr Dutcher of New York and Mr. J. 13. lielford of Colorado, and opposed by Mr. George W. Curtis of Sew York. A motion to strike out was negatived on the call of States bv a vote of 5-'i2 to 215, anil the resolu tion was passed. The votes of California, Colorado, Florida, Kansas. Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, anil of all th" Ter ritories but Montana, were unanimous in favor ot the resolution. A majority ot the delegates from Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia. Illinois (forty against two), Indiana. Louisiana. Michi gan, Missouri, Mew Hampshire, New inrtt. North Carolina. Ohio, Tennessee and of W-;t Virginia cast affirmative votes. The New Ea- gland delegations cast thirty -eight votes fora-id thirty-seven against the eleventh resolution. Snth Carolina and Montana were the only delegations voting solidly to strike out. Tlat motion received, besides these two, a ma joritv vote from but six delegations. This result was due almost wholly to thepersonal exertionsnnd the debate in the committee carried on bytlie Senator from Nevada. His speech had a sharp effect and aided the success that was achiev !. In the Senate he has since voted for all meas ures that looked to investigating, checking ami suppressing this great evil. He has made no speech thereon, as Sir. Sargent and Mr. Booth covered the ground so thoroughly that, with a constant personal canvass to inform Senators, in which Mr. Jones was always most active. there was no need of speeches other than th named. tiik xi;w sriut;;i,E. Extract from a speech ou the Optional Stand ard, ueiivereu July 15, lbTH.J I do not propose any benefit for myself , or lor rne gom anu silver, or lor any class of per sons or corporations or thintrs. I Dronose. simply, that the Government which has wisely rescrveu to useii the monopoly ot coinage. shall conduct that monopoly in the interest of the people who uuthonzed it, and by supplying them, at cost of manufacture, with all the coins for which they depoBit bullion, weight ior weignt. The plan I would adopt has no limitations or restrictions about it : no artificial arrangements ; no ooutkis, rivets, straps or ligatures. It is the plan of simplicity and of justice; justice to ourselves; justice to debtor and creditor; jus tice to all the world. It is precisely the system which prevailed in this couutry from 1792 to 185a ; a system which everybody understood and under which the United States grew and prospered from three minions to twenty-hve millions of people, wealthy and powerful. It gives value for value, equivalent for equivalent, weight for weight, that is all there is about it. Ii vei ami I.nz.-i rim l.emler an lli - Tlio Muucy- licbtor. extract irom a speech delivered in debate on a Conference Keport, July 14, 1876. I tell you, sir, it is not the money-lender that give- prosperity to the couutry : it is the active I business man ; it is the borrower, the hopeful, I the indiHtrious. the enterprising man; he who is always in debt That is the man who lends i llei tne.-s to the wings of commerce ; that is the I man wh.i give-" electricity to the flagging foot steps oi ministry, it is not the man who. I stead of inaugurating enterprises, sits back and lends money. If any legislation is to be had. it should be in favor of the masses of the people of the country. Let a few honest words be said for Lazarus; let us not always be nod ding to Dives. rid valleys and ou bare, bleak, and trackless mountains that gold and silver are sought ana only occasionally found. In this search the miner leaves behind him every luxury of life, every convenience of comfort, and every neces sity of growth. The metal which the silver miner seeks to obtain ia not as is usual in gold mining gath ered from the alluvial sands by unskilled toll ; it can only be wrenched from its embraces of adamant by exhausting labor. It nn only be separated from its baser surroundings by ex pensive machinery and the efforts of patient science. No dollar of gold or silver obtained by mining ha ever involved the robbing of one man by another, but has been fairly won in a struggle between the rude forces of na ture and the dauntless energy of man, and was an addition to the wealth of the human race. MY CONSTITUENTS HAVE BIOBTS AS SACRED AS THOSE OF THE NATIONAL CBEDITOB. It is my high duty and privilege to de fend them on this floor, and I shall make no apology for the ardor and persistency with which I discharge this duty and exercise this privilege. Does anybody doubt tnai tne senators irom Massachusetts would rise with indignation if anybody should stigmatize as blabber-gamblers, whalebone-speculators, and members of an " oil ring," the bronzed whalemen of Nantucket and New Bedford who, when fortune has favored, bring safely into port the wealth which they nave not obtained by wrecking railroads, or by watering railroad stocks, or by puts and calls and short corners in stocks, but which they have created by struggling with the cold, the darkness, the storms and the crushing ice-floes of Arctic seas. And why should I restrain my indignation when I hear the stigniatizimg epithet of ' bo nanza swindlers " applied to my constituents who are to-day toiling in gloomy passages under exhausting beats, 2,000 feet below the surface or the earth, away from the cheering light of day, in an industry which is believed to pay less profit upon the average than any other known to man ? I do not shrink from the comparison of tbe ways and methods of the acquisition of wealth in the mining Industry on the Pacific Coast with the ways and methods of its acquisition anywhere on earth, and leant of all with the ways and methods of Wall street, where these attacks npon my constituents originate. WHO BEARS THE BCBnEN OT PUBLIC DEBT. Have Senators considered the true signifi cance of a reduction of the money incomes of the wage-earning classes by one-half? Have they sounded the depths? Have they gauged the proportions of a calamity like that ? With all the mitigations of which it admits, it is a protracted and corroding misery. The money cost of tbe things which workmen bay may be reduced, bnt not at all in proportion to the re duction in their incomes. There is no reduc tion, however, in individual debts, nor in that enormous mass of public debts national, state, county, municipal the burden of which rests largely upon the always overloaded back of labor. When this Government pledges its credit, the property in existence bears but a small part of the burden of its redemption, compared with the portion which must be ex acted from the future earnings of tbe people. The interest on the mortgage is paid not iu money drawn from boards, but from the annual productions of the country. Speech, February 14, IM78. REPUBLICAN SII'I'ORT OF RE- MOXETIZATIOX. KLOIIIKM' UKllSE OF THE MI.VKK Mi.VKRS. session as you have bad to-day, and in view of the vast amount of business you have to per form, to occupy the attention of this Conven tion more than a very tew minutes on mis ques- Senator Jonese, ia a speech made before the Nevada Legislature, January 22, 1S70', said : They who saw in the late election nothing but the iniluenee of money, or the caprice of public sentiment, misapprehended the moral of the campaign. The action of the people was neither sordid nor capricious. The sur face of events vibrated and undulated in conformity with the earnest pulsations of the great heart beneath. It was the first low ground-swell of an approaching politi cal tempest whose tumultuous billows witu in the current century shall lash this con- tinent to its uttermost confines. We live ;u the noonday of the ages; we are passing through the torrid zone of time, surrounded bv the whirl and rush of mighty political cyclous. The new order of things crowds impatiently upon the footsteps ot the oltl. standing on the receding skirts of the giant rebel lion of history, we encounter the front f a revolution no less colossal. Not one. thank God '. to be wrought out by the red hand of slaughter. No embittered sections a-e about to yawn apart and form a chasm only to be closed by the nation's best blood an 1 treasure. No feud of color is absut to srek agreement in one common crimson ; no sect is about to proclaim the gospel of tbe can non; no caste to invoke Sir Sword as arbiter. But the people throughout the length and breadth of the land, irrespective of race, creed, or condition, are about to reassert, in a broader sense, the declaration that governments derive their just powers only from the consent of the governed, and that all men are created equal, and demand fulfillment of the spirit as well as the letter of the declaration. The one great irrepressible conflict that has sounded no truce during the ages, and which will never beat a retreat until victory is won, is that of popular rights against usurped and unjiiBt authority the cause of the people against tyrannical power. DANGEROUS POWERS OF CORPORATION'S. And it is a general awakening to the convic tion that the spirit, it not the letter ot our na tional charter is being violated, that is arousing the people to the necessity of reasserting their sovereign authority. The alarming abuses are not executive usurpations, legislative encroach ments nor judicial servility, afl'ecting the life and liberty of the citizen. Such outrages would find a speedy and complete redress at the hands of forty millions of freemen. But the personal freedom and security of the citizen may be re spected, and yet his rights be grievously vio lated. Into our Government, wearing the broa 1 phylactery of constitutional sanctity, and beir ing the impenetrable shield of legality, have crept practices which, though constitutional, are not right, and though legal, are not jut. The power of money the power of leagued and corporate wealth, confederated under legal forms for purposes of plunder and self-aggran dizementhas arrayed itself in antagonism to the rights and welfare of the people, has gained a dangerous influence in governmental matters. aud is arbitrarily exercising its control over nearly all the material interests of the country. WHAT HE FROMISKh. As a Senator of the nation I will not vote for the apprspriation of a dollar out of the public treasury, except for the maintenance of the pub lic faith and credit, and for purely govern mental purposes and the attainment of the ob jects for which this Government was created. I will not vote for a subsidy or laud, money, bonds, or credit to either individuals or corpor ations. I will not vote for any hot-bed schme for " the development of our resources," be cause I believe their development to be more healthful when made solely by private enter prise, under the all -sufficient stimulus of pri vate interest ; and I further believe that such propositions are not generally made for the pub lic good.but in the interest of public plunderers. I will vote, if opportunity offer, for extending universal amnesty to all engaged in the late re bellion. In the plenitude of its power, the Gov ernment can afford to be magnanimous. I will vote for any bill to regulate, equalize, and re duce freights and fares on any and all road (especially those built iu whole or in part by Government subsidy) that shall seem to me just, equitable, and effectual. I will vote for a reduction of the tariff on all articles now subject to its provisions until it shall reach the lowest possible point consistent with the public credit ; and I believe that an immediate reduction thereof would increase rather than diminish the public revenue. Al though I have not given the subject that atten tion its magnitude demands, which debars mn from expressing a decided opinion upon it, yet my impressions are that, the Government should, on equitable terms, acquire possession of the telegraph lines and control the tele graphic business of the couutry, incorporating In his first speech, delivered April '24, lS7f, in support of the double-standard and of silver reuiouetization a speech whose great ability is familiar to his con stituentsSenator Jones paid the follow ing glowiug tribute to the men from whose ranks he came and of a class with whom in every sense he is still one: And here let me say that the mining interests of this couutry are represented not, as some persons absurdly suppose, by a few million aires, but for the most part by a vast number of persons, witn no otner resources than their m- ent minds aud willing hands, who work laily bread, and by a scarcely telli in the mines less NUMEROUS CLASS OF SMALL PROPRIETORS, Themselves also workmeu.who hold each a tew shares in the mines in which they are tin- piovea. The miners of the West are among the most stalwart anil spirited yeomen in the world They are inured to danger and toil, and are brave, strong, intelligent and self-reliant. In weary processions across alkaline deserts, under equatorial and blistering suus, across mountain and valley, desert and plain; amid the attacks of savages and the fevers of tropical swamps, they marked the path and blazed the trail of Western Knipire. They overcame every hos tile rendition and builded, on foundations of liberty and justice, three great States in vour Western border. THEY CONyUKKKIl THE OENIUS OF STERILITY In its stronghold, built cities 10,000 feet above the level of the sea, and hewed out thrifty workshops i.SOO feet below the surface of the earth. They have organized mining with the exactness and thoroughness of Bcience. and in this respect placed this country in the vanguard ., m i ' ... oi mo iiaiiou. i uey nave, ueituer avoiaea your tax-gatnerers, sought your subsidies nor drtinanded your protective legislation. Nor do they do so now. They only ask that you Bhall legislate in respect o: this great question view of the history of the world, the Constitu tion ot the country and the facts that surround you. Again, in his last speech on the Silver bill. The Chicago Tribune editorially said in reply to a Democratic claim of securing the restoration of the double standard : In any dispute as to the relative merit of party credit which the Democrats may choose to force, during any compaign. for party mir- poses, it will not ba difficult to show that Re publican influences carried more weight than Democratic influences. The father of the movement may be said to have been Senator Jones of Nevada, whose work was the most in defatigable, whose researches were the most exhaustive, and whose speeches and reports were by all odds the ablest that were made. The bill originally reported in the House, known as the Bland bill, was really the bill drawn by Mr. Kort, Republican member from Illinois. The bill which finally passed was an ingenious compromise measure, framed by Mr. Allison, Republican Senator from Iowa. We believe it is universalis ad mitted that the most efficient outside influ ence in favor of remonetization was exerted by the Chicago Tribune, and the Cincinnati Com mercial both Republican newspapers. We mention these circumstances, not for the pur pose of gaining for the Republican party any more credit than it is entitled to for the restoration of the silver dollar, but merelv to show how preposterous any Democratic claim is to exclusive or even to superior credit for the passage of the law. The only fair and intelli gent view of the matter is that there was no party politics in the question. It was a strag gle of the people against money monopoly, and the people won the fight. Senator Jones repelled indienantlv the charge that personal interest dictated his ow n course or influenced the support he received from his State. He then pro ceeded to define in eloquent words those interests : But denying as I do that I am personally in- terestea in tne remonetization or silver, I wish to have it distinctly understood that I do not even by implication admit that my right to leg islate on the subject would be lost or in anyway impaired n the reverse were true. A fastidious ness of this delicate order would be more nice than wise. It has never been required of any one here except THE ALLEGED OWNERS OF SILVER MINES. Has it ever been regarded as dishonorable for legislators, who may have personal interests in iron, copper, lead and salt uiinos, in cotton fac. tories. or in auy other manufacturing industry, or in wool-growing, to vote for or against tariffs and other laws directly anecting those inter ests? Has this gauzy virtue restrained owners of stork in national banks from voting in con trolling numbers for laws directly benefitting those institutions lias the metropolitan pres-j deinauded that persons so intereste I should ab stain from voting here on such questions ? If such a rule were insisted upou might it not leave one or both branches of Congress without a quorum? Might not tho strict enforcement of such a rule render necessary the creation of an idle and privileged class to legislate for the countrv THE SILVER MINERS OF THE UNITEH STATES Have shirked no duty either in peace or war. They demand neither protective legislation ner exemptions from their full share in the burden of taxes, nor special privileges of auy kind but they have special interests in the production of silver, and it is a task equally easy and grate- iui to me to vindicate them. 1 hey are engaged in a lawful aud honest industry, and who be tween the two oceans are better entitled to fair treatment than they? The people of Nevada do not shrink from any comparisons to which thev can be subjected. It was because they were known to be loyal and patriotic that Nevada was admitted as a Statn into the Union. It was admitted during the crisis of the civil war, as an added bulwark to the defense and liberty of the country. If their numbers were and are few THEY HAVE MAINTAINED flOOD GOVERNMENT, Efficiently protected life and property, liberally endowed institutions of education aud benefi cence, and have bo well ordered their finances that their Governor has been recently urged to convene the Legislature in extra session to re duce taxes in order to prevent the accumula tion of an inconvenient surplus in the treasury. THE MIN"IN BElilONS OF THIS COUNTRY FROWN With the most forbidding aspects of nature. In his restless wanderings in search of the pre cious metals the miner sees no stately forests, no smiling lawns nor luscious fruits to enchant ttie senses or soothe the mind ; but it is in tor- The hard-money speakers In New Hampshire say it is impossible to discuss anything except the currency question in the political meetings there. Before the Maine election there was little or no talk about the finances in the neigh boring State, but now evervbodv in talking about them and nothing else. The same speak ers also report that their most Intelligent lis teners need information about the simplest fundamental principles of finance, the wide dissemination of Greenback documents having filled their minds with fallacies. This is not strange, for the majority of the American peo ple have never gi vtn any study whatever to this subject until within a few months. Many of them have read nothing except the Greenback literature, and the result is that where they formerly knew nothing about currency prob lems they now know a good deal that is not so. The only way to counteract this pernicious re sult is to circulate honest-money documents as widely as the Greenback literature has been spread, and have them aimed at the misinforma tion which the latter has disseminated. Says the Chicago Times: The mourners over the defeat of the "Democratic" fiat money crowd in Ohio lay all the blame of their bad fortune upon the " National " fiat money crowd. And vice versa. If the Nationals had only united with hb we should have won. sar the Democratic mourners. If the Democrats had only united with ns we should hive won, say the National mourners, Alas, whv was it that th ese ' two hearts that beat as one ' were dis united ? Perhaps it was a question of " spoils. not principles." The declared political pur poses of the two fiat parties were essentially the same. But their plans for dividing the expected plunder were not the same. Hence, the two hearts that beat as one mutually beat each other. Dr. De La Maiyr, once pastor of a church, and now a Greenback candidate for Congress from Indiana, recently learned that Harrv Craft, jeweller and member of his congregation, had professed an intention of voting for the other candidate. Accordingly the Doctor sent back to bim several valuable presents which had been received at the parsonage from time to time : a solid silver communion set. a fine opera-glass and a pair of heavy sleeve-buttons, all being tokens of friendly regard. Mr. Craft replied to the effect that while he had fixed opinions in politics and could not vote for Mr. De La Matyr, he was sorry the latter insisted on carrying politics into social life to the ex tent of severing their personal relations. The few Democratic editors who are able to say anything about the cipher revelations are, says the New York Tribune, unanimons in de claring tbe dispatches to be bogus. It is curi ous that the coparceners have not discovered and announced the same thing long before this, if it really is the case. The same editors are also sure thst nobody is interested in the dis closnres, and are afraid the Tribune won't have any readers. Don t dissemble so laboriously, sweet gentlemen ; the Tribnne hasn't a bit of a doubt that every mother's son of you is reading its little serial as eagerly bh the coparceners and Mr. Tilden are, and is gnashing his teeth with equal energy. Says the New York Tribune.- The Hon. Ben. Hill has broken out at tbis pecotiar moment in a long tirade about the great fraud which made Mr. Hayes President. He seems to be uncon scious of the fact that the public attention is now concentrated upon the great frauds which failed to make Mr. Tilden President. Mr. Hill cannot find a particle of proof to support his wild assertions, while the Tribnne. fills column after column of damning evidence of the guilt of Mr. Hill's own party. Somebody Bjboold tell Mr. Hill that the country looks npon the Demo cratic "fraud" yell as the old cry of "stop thief" in a new form.