NAT IK BAY C'TOntlt II. I7ft
THE NEW TEXT BOOKS.
The Enterprise of yesterdny publishes a
letter of S. P. Kelly, regarding the charge of
text books in our public schools and coin,
merits upon it and Mr. Kully's course, while
admitting that he deserves a hearing. What
erer may have dictated Mr. Kelly's course
four years a;jo in forcing a change of text
books, it is very certain that his views in re
gard to the boring circulars and persistent
lobbying of publishers, there can be but one
opinion. It is a business matter with thera
and they generally kaow the parties to ap
proach. In the various reports forwarded,
limcroft and Co., whose feet are seen in the
whole business, are tha leading manipulators,
and we venture the opinion that of all the
Ct unty Superintendents, trustees and princi
pals in the State, not one in ten compared
carefully the merits of books in use, and those
put forward to displace them. In States
where school books are furnished to all public
schools from school funds, there are fewer
changes, and these changes are directed by
critical school boards ; the different publi
cations being referred to competent com mit
tees who report upon their comparative merits.
With us, it is tnly necessary for an ambitious
publisher to send out circulars in the way des
ignated in Mr. Kelly's letter ; practice a
little upon the vanity of a few incompetent
teachers, spend some money in lobbying, fur
nish a small speller for cost price, as a sample,
and the school board, judging from the num
berless criticisms of teachers, and the careless
not' :os of the public press, resolve that the
boo'.s must be changed, and the poor laborer
ami mechanic must thrown away an armful
of txt books voted obsolete, and buy a new
set of Bancroft's or some other publishers, at
the instance of teachers, who have probably
no idea of the difference between the discard
ed and the adopted text books. But it is not
the expense alone which is objected to ; it is
the fact that there is, in the case of those
thrown out and the set adopted, really no dif
ference, except mostly in a few new terms, a
few changes in arrangement of subjects, and
a cheap edition. A thorough teacher is inde
pendent of this, and is not only able
lo classify and arrange his studies,
but to classify his pupils, and
having passed the- primary course, should
bo competent to teach from newspapers, or
anything else which will furnish a text
This of course caunot apply to ex.ict studies
like mathematics, but it nevertheless, ar
plies to the larger part of the studies o
every pupil in our public schools. There
are changes in text books which are a positive
injury , and a drawback to the student. One
of the best linguists we have ever met, said
to us a few years ago. "I have been super
intending classical instruction in this college
for a good many years, and it has been my
duty to examine many Latin grammars, but
after going over them all patiently, my
opinion is that old Thomas Iluddiman beats
them all in simplicity and perfect clearness
and in adaption to young minds." We heard
an eminent I). D. say not long ago: "Iu
looking over the shelves a few days ago, of
a large publishing house, I became convinced
that we have too many juvenile publications.
And this is but a key to the multiplication of
studies in public schools, and the constant
change of text books. What we studied
fifty, or even twenty-five years ago, would
be hooted at by teachers of the present day;
but who shall say that our education was not
as complete and practical as that of the
present generation, or that we are less
fitted for business, or any other pursuit
than our crammed youngsters?
In the early days of Nevada, Shindler
packed dry goods and small wares, such as
gloves, and stockings and scarfs for miners,
around to the various camps, on the back of
a white pony which every one knew as "billy,''
and wht knew every trail and every camp as
well as Shindler did. On one occasion
Shindler stopped over night at Austin on his
way to Eureka, and taking his horse to the
stable, saw him put away and fed and his
goods unpacked; but when he went to the
stable early in the morning, Billy was gone.
The hostler said that no horses had come in
during the night, and Billy's absence could
not be accounted for. Hiring as Indian,
Shindler scoured the hills till noon, but no
trail could be found in any direction and the
party gave up the chase; the conclusion was,
the pony naa been stolen. Alter dinner &
stranger who was at the house, and had
listened to Shindler's description of the merits
of Billy, remarked that he had a horse in the
stable that would just suit him, and as
Shindler's time was precious he concluded to
buy if the horse was all right. We will let
him tell the sequel in his own words. "Yell
I went ouet mit dot man to see dot boney,
und I liges dot horse, but he want fifty thaler
und I dink dot wos doo high; veil, he say,
Shindler you hef been unfortunate und I
knocks off ten thaler, I dinks dot was efer so
good a pargain und I bays him dot forty
thaler. Veil, I gets out my pack und it fits
dot horse yust so good as Billy, und I starts
off up de grade, und dot horse go 'long so
nice, dot I say mit mineself, Shindler, you
make one pully drade, und so I was satisfy
mit dot pony. When he got up mit der
summit und de sun was hot, I schweat und
die pony he schweat doo, und I see some
white shtreaks down py dot bony's side, uud
I say mit myself, vot in der tuyvel was dot,
und I rups it mit mine hend, und vot you
dinks, hey? I soon fint owet dot some damn
schwindle he baints dot bony black, und
pey chiminy it was mem "Pilly" efter all.
Well, I was med, you bet, bnt I says mit
meinselbst, Shindler, yust let dot forty thaler
j;o mit de tuyvel; tey laff et you wen you go
back you got Pilly enyhow, und I nefer
wisit mit dot tarn town no more.
Longevity. John E. Owens, who is play
ing Solon Shingle and other specialties in
San Francicso, must be quite an old man now.
He made his first hit some forty years ago,
as Jakey, a regular "plug ugly" in a fireman's
play, in his native city, Baltimore. His make
up and slang were immense, and as a matter
of course, he founded a school of that class
and was followed by a score of imitators,
among them Chanfrau. John had good natu
ral talent, and after several years' run in that
business he broke away from it, and created
some new characters, such as Mijor de Boots
and Solon Shingle, which have made him re
nowneJ and rich. J hn must be nearly sev
enty years of age. We believa he is billed
for a season in Carson.
The Pacific Coast Press Association is in
session at the Palace Hotel. The officers of
the Association, elected yesterday, are as
follows: President, Marcus D. Borruck, Vice
Presidents, Scipio Craig, and William Saun
ders; Secretary, Fred Krauth; Corresponding
Secretary, Albert Leser; Treasurer, N. C.
Hawks; Executive Committee, Samuel Cas
sidy, E. A. Weed, W. P. Bartlett. Of
course they will entertain Grant and John
He had prospected for nearly a quarter of
a century, and while every one else had
" struck," ho had barely earned grub. At
last, when old and wearied out with his bad
luck, he struck a $5,000 pocket and was
happy. Some one remarked, while congrat
ulating him, "It's about time Jim; the Lord's
boen coppering you for twenty-five years to
snj knowledge, and he owed you that turn.
Mr, J, A, Terry, of Illinois, has s rr.e Nor
man horses at Eenn, in regard t j which the
Gtuette says: "His animals make one of tilt?
most attractive features of the exhibition in
the live stock department, and horsemen on
the grounds never tire of looking at them.
In conversation with Mr. Perry yesterday a
Gazette reporter was informed that Duke De
Chartres, the sire of one of the horses on tx
hibitlon, weighs 2,050 pounds. That great
horse is considered the finest specimen of his
breed in the United States, and his colts take
after him well. Mr. Perry believes in breed
ing from the best stallions that can be had.
STATE AND COAST ITEMS.
The Belmont Courier says that squashes
raistd on Hot Creek are so large that they have
to be removed with crowbars.
A telegram from Gen. Howard states that
the Indians who committed the murder at
Pain's ranch, 39 in number, have surrendered.
How long can a man work "without board ?"
In Sacramento there are many trying it, but
the employes give them a dollar a day. We
suspect they know the lunch routes.
Ilev. E. R. Willis, of Delaware, Ohio,
conies to Carsen to fill the Methodist pulpit
during the next year. The Reno Ga ze.tte says
he is an intelligent looking gentleman.
The Reno Fair has, as usual, drawn to that
place a number of burglars and petty thieves
who are plying their vocation industriously,
Do not forget the caution during our races next
The Chamber of Commerce and Board of
Trade of San Francisco held a reception to
Grant Thursday noon. Six hundred men were
present. Grant shook hands with each one of
Earnest, theyoungestson of Brigham Young,
who figured somewhat conspicuou sly in the
late suit of the heirs against the executors, was
found dead in bed at his house in Salt Lake,
Wednesday morning. His death is attributed
Sharon's reception to Grant is described as
something wonderful in taste, extravagance
and unbounded hospitality. The display of
dress among the ladies, is, as Jenkins reports
it, worth studying, Every woman in San
Francisco is either "'graceful'' or "queenlike,"
"beautiful" or "handsome," and they were all
A dispatch from Milk River s;iys: "Gen.
Crook has established his headquarters at
Fort Steele, and comes every morning and re
mains during the day, returning home in the
evening. He is watching things closely, and
dispatches messengers daily. " We should like
to know at what hour the Indians suspend
operations, and how many hours a day en
listed men and Major Generals are expected
tc work 7
CORNS, BUNIONS, HEADACHES,
TOOTHACHE, SOKE THROAT & NEURALGIA
-ALL CUBED BY BITTING YOU
BOOTS AND SHOES
ONE -PRICE CASH BOOT AND SHOE STORE!
In Front of the State Cepito!,
Hera tou will And tbe tha lstrr, forest and rooet complete stock eve before offered ror euie m ftkie tj. Ii
acUlraB to my former steak I Litve jast. noeived truss Aew York ami Philadelphia
300 COZEN LADIES' AND GENT'S BOOTS AND SHOES,
All f ttt Latevt ma uoti FMsalonafele. 9.t1n sad Beat Quality.
varied supply of
Also a large nael
Misses', Infant'.. &: OaiMrcii's Uoots & fcSioes,
CARSON OPERA HOUSE.
B TWO NIGHTS OSI.V-
Of all Styles and tonalities.
I am aiu ag-ent 1 i the et-Itbratod
i BURT'S & CANFIELD'S BOOTS AND SHOES. !
Now on Land a kirxe i!mk of
3n dIs and Toilet Blippcro
Whwh will be suit at reduced yricue. Also
Alligator Boots and BaffUah WalkiuK Kb-.t-. la fitr cMBereut Sis lea.
Onus every twxl and examine poods bvajre purchashinp- tlst-m here. Will Kill jrix-ilt. t rrurcisuo priew and
'rom 10 o 20 per eer.t. cheaper than aii bvme iu tt. eiry. U.uiea' Mm C.u,s' r:uc UovTt i.rd 1 1 e in&de l (.ran
at short mtiee and on reasonable term.
A 1 am imself a thorough meafcanic, and haw bud twenty tdd ?ear of eiU-neive experience in tba laoe
bnslreiM, I oaimi-l be deceived iu goods, and 1 guarantee that i will not ili-CL-.it uiy cut-louier.
1 rilieerelv thaiik tbe people- oi this citj aud surrounding v Utiles for ttitir kii.d patrt naye. Kelt.-tfnlhr,
Hymeb means to live while he lives. The
following letter he penned immediately atter
being taken to his cell under sentence of
Mr. George Miller: Please send me in the
following articles: One roll of butter, six
pounds of white sugar, one can of honej, one
paper of tea English breakfast.
C. W. Hymeb.
The advertisement of the ladies walking
match in San Francisco is headed " May the
Best Man Win." The best man the man
ager generally does win the largest part of
the receipts. He gets the gait money.
Fint lime in tikis city of Boucicault's greatest IrUh Drama
THE 8IIAUG1SII 117..
TUESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 14,
The irreat emotional drama,
Wo hi a of the People,
D. D'BERHABDi I CO.,
1 i K STREET. PETWEE-J THIRD
Sacramento Ca!o nla.
WK3LESALI AK3 BETA L DEALERS !N
C- T. DAVIS,
CI O B N E R SIXTH AND CARSO
UR5EST AK0 0!DST K&USE IN THE
Atlinisxfon 81 OO
i bilrii-en So
Botlph S OO
The Utk War. General Merritt's march
to the relief of Payne's command is consid
ered a splendid feat. He made 170 miles in
less than twenty-four hours, anil found the
little garrison in a deplorable condition. Over
300 dead animals were found outside of the
breast woiks. He gives officers and men the
highest praise for their perseverence and
pluck. General Crook has established his
headquarters at Fort Steele and visits the
camp every day.
The Willows Journal savs that one rirl nn
thera causes fourteen men and one boy to at
tend church and thinks it would be an excel
lent thing to utilize numbers of pretty girls in
this way in the interest of religion. If, in ad-
diton to this, sunie of the ministers could be
induced to refrain from preaching sermons,
the church boom would be gigantic in its ex
This should be remembered by Bodie when
that new church is erected
WBOX SHEET KW OPEN'-S
Xo extra charge for reserved seats.
(Tribune copy, 5 squares.)
SuMeuor to lieiusttis A Gibsoa,
AID RETAIL DEALER
The Gazette says of the Firemen's race in
The boys in red got into line promptly at
12:30 to-day for the 490 yard race, which ex
ited not a little interest. The 48 company
baat by forty reet. JSo. lscrew gave three
heers for Ao. 48, which were heartily re-
urned. Then all gave three cheers for the
Gold Hill company, which did not come down.
The 'Jenkins" edition of tha Posf give a
etailed report of the Sharon banquet. We
have invested in a French dictionary for the I
purpose of mastering the biil of fare, but give
it up in disgust. The orthography of the dict
ionary is all wrong a:.id needs revision
Special trains, loaded with Calif ornia bai ¬
ley for brewers in Illinois, Missouri and Wis
consin, are now passing over the Central Pa
cific railroad daily.
It is estimated that 170,000,000 bushels of
wheat will be required from the United States
to supply the foreign demand the coming
BEST OF WINES, LIl'OKS AND CIOAR8.
FIXE BBAXDY. I'OBT AID HIIEBKY
For medicinal usw.
We carry at all Ilium a larsre and fn II
nppljr of te htmt bluls of Fruit, green
nod dry, and all kfndu of Tegetables la
Mason, aiid frevh river and wa FiiIi, nitn
Ojstera, C'lauaa, Hattaels, Kbrtmpa, Crabs
d Craw Visit, with aaned ffewla iu
A lonjr experience ha! enabled us to
tube all advautajrea of tbe market, and we
an and do buy tbe beat at the leweat rate
tberby giving; oar customer tbe benefit
of our experience.
We buy and sell ou einiullou all
kinds of Uarden and Orchard produce and
Poultry, together witk Wild an iu sea
son, and ma bay and sell at rates tbat
ffivsaa at least tbe ability to sell all goods
at prises tkat enable bm to live aad let
aii. coons ( ABisriaLT packed.
C3 Uoovls delivered free of Charge to "a
Y3Lauy part of the city and vicinity s
15. M. I1UJST,
OF TUB LAV! TAUOE I.tfHBEB TAAD,
Havinjr purchased the mill recentlr oDenttet bv
tne parson jam iximpas; win combine the two, aad both
wui rauugMi v oiui, ircm Hit dale, as sole ruprwM-,
Offers faia Fresh and well-seleetsd atoek o(
Grlasswar e ,
Wines, 3Lsi cjviors,
Am well a everjl bine: elee kept by au; teste ia aia lic&
With the guarantee of firaiolami goods, call on
oct.!0 Stone Building opposite the Mint.
VTOTICE I HtKIBY GJVEJT TO T2I1
1 foilowiricr named iterMva that ttie f'lhniiur ntr.ouDte
have been added to the as emeJ vuii'.iwo'.i on the property
deicribcd hereinafter aud set opposite thsir narat 8 by the
Board of Equalization, ill words and figures, aa foMtiwB
E. B. Rail, ol merchandise, $10,600 to 13,000.
I). Ii M.iuee, south 18 feet, lot 1, block 6, $1,769 to
Jehn 1'. c jnef, lotc 0, 7 and 10, block 83, ?P00 to !fl,000.
Chas. Billings, pi raonnl property, $100 to $i50.
V. Kaiser, porBon&l priiierty, $S0O to $500.
A. CutW, lot 10, block 44, $200 o $500.
U. &. btaire Co. KarBPJ, to jno
Wm. Lillienfielt'. brick score, $890 to 1,000.
Gibson & Iely, lot 9, block 32, -2,008 to $2,750.
And you are hen by notified that the Board of Equal! nation !
will be in session en
Monday, the 18th Day of October, 1870,
When all persona entitled to a hearin? can ae heard, and
final action wiil be had in the premises.
By order of tbe Board.
Attest: J. II. MARSHALL, Clerk.
A eosip'stc lUpuk of Comaioa and tilear Lumber wiil b
kept ceuslantly on hand. Alee,
Salaries. Menldinn. Pleaeas. Wlnden a
Iors, Kllnds. Svreea Doors, Vt'uu
dow sjereeus, Wlre-elota. Locks,
butts, Kie, Btc. i
Aid ornameats of every dctnriptien fun.w.'itd ai
Contraets taken for Honse BnUetlng and
Carwn, July M, 1S79.
ods delivered in any part of tbe eitj
CLOSE BUYERS ESPECIALLY INVITED.
JlVKUF i.Vi f EEIVJNTAELE,
oiiatia of eiaeon ano ai-Mira trewn, orrusin eAPiroL
BflLVms, CAIUK CUT, rAD4.
The umlursi?ned have occ of tie mast complete ana" tett
oeked La very Stables in tin State.
and Saddle Horses
AInaTi on hand ai.d at raoderuM tzares.
Horaes Boarded by tUe Way, Week or Mcntli
Tlie public are invited We.xaiaiae ear veiiiriei and kind
ad penile lire fteck.
jl&-tf KLROD 4 KEYSEB, Proprietor.
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