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A WEEKLY JOURNAL, ' Devoted to tho discussion of all questions relating to the MorM, Social and Material advancement or TU1 PEOPLE . ' PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY TnE EXAMINER TUBLISHING CO THE - EXAHIIfER PDBLISMG COMflST. A purely co-operative association, comprising in divldnals of varioui creeds, profession and na tionalities imbued with the sentiment of a com dob humanity loving freedom and bating oppres sion extends the hand of fellowship, and solicit the cooperation of all lovers of humanity who would see misery banished from the land and jus tice reign supreme. -- TERMS IN ADVANCE. HEAR ALL SIDES -THEN JUDGE. - Whether on life's peaceful plain Or in the battle's ran. ' The only fight that's not in vain ' - la where we fight for man. - OSS YEAltf Jf Six Months 50 CTS. f J - . X . . o v-wim Entered as feTi ass Matter at the Post Office. J "VOIYCME VIX HARTFOBD, OX5TM SATCRD4Y, MARCH 3, 1SS8. JflJIIBEB 15. iff-."!! 10 II JE5 1 I - it ;,f I 4 ) r- 1 V T -1 i !' - NEWS OF THE WEEK. Panama is shaken by earthquakes. -. Ano hsr oil striko has been made in Chicago. . .r" Russia officially declares Prince FerdK hand a usurper. " .,- Natural gas has been discovered at Port -Arthur Point on Lake Superior. i - Evictions on ' the Ponsonby estates in Youghai. Ireland, have been resumed. j Striking weavers at Flora, France, rioted : In the streets ana the military was called! out. . : At the Queen's drawing room reception Bliss Bonyngs was the only American laay, present. - - . , , - The. Bulgarian Government resolves to reject any proposition to dethrone Prince) Ferdinand.;: . j Sixty-nine of tjie 1T savings banks of, Masacbusetts have unclaimed deposits ag-j gregating.l619,t)t5. '-",' : Mr. Llod, the E isrlish Horns Rule dele- , gate, ha been seat to prison for six months under the Crimes act. - -( ,. : ::, A j Dr; A. N. Roussell, a young -dentist i of j JJo. 143 Stuyvesant avenue, Brooklyn, hasy l dog with gold-filled teeth. Letter stampers in the Chicago Post-) office struck because they were made to, .vork on Washington's Birthday. , Premier Tirard brings matters to a crisis in the Chamber of Deputies, in Paris, and - wins by a majority of eighteen. The New York police are looking for a swindler who represented himself as Harry; Kceeb.er, the captain of the Yale football team. ' ., ,- ' .; ' One of the striking girls of the Newmark' Cigar Factory in New York city was fined' fU m court Saturday for calling those who) were at work "scabs." Still No. 11 at the Atlas Oil Refinerv at Buffalo, containing 6,50 barrels of oil, ex-' tloded Friday, doing $2,5 W damages and in stantly killing an employe. Israel Lucas, the defaulting treasurer of Auglaize county, Ohio, who was arrested in Canada, lias compromised with, the) county for $12,00 J. .. Ho stole $3L0J0. ' MrS. Dr. Bmith, of Newark,' N. J., well known for- her many , charitable acts, has. contributed $13,0 ;0 for the erection of a "play house" for the poor children of that city. .-. ' . " Julius Hildebrand, who f o sixteen years was tho body servant of Bismarck, is liv ing iu Chicago. Mr. Hildebrand says that the great dictator has the temper of an DgeL '. , ' -.' v Bayshore, L. 1; has a curiosity in the shape of a two-legged calf. ' It was born on tbe farm of Jonah Bobbins.- It is black and white in color and weighs about sixty pounds. . .. . ! "William Gray, of Chicago, Saturday, paid tho first installment of the price asked for the old Li bby. Prison at Richmond, Va. This insures the removal of the structure , to Chicago. ' The new Centennary Methodist Episcpal Church, a handsome "edifice at the corner of Sumner avenue and Kearney street, Newark, was dedicated Sunday with appro priate ceremonies. President Diaz, of Mexico, bars confirmed tbe title of Mrs. Burton, of Boston, to a tract of land in Mexico, known as Grisenda de Todas Santos, the value of which is est imated Btf 10,0-0, 0JU. , The United States Senate has appropria ted 533, -00 for the completion of the monu ment to the memory of : George Washing- ion's mother, begun years ago in North umberland county, Va. , , '. ' Report has it that .Prince Albert Victor , i it , 3 a x. - r . - H lias ueen utsiruLiieu to ui i;uuiu,,xnu;a Alexander of Greece, and the Princess Victoria of England to the Duke of Sparta, Crown Prince of Greece. Gustav ' Winkler, of Milwaukee, Wis., r murdered bis wife and committed suicide late on Saturday night. Three children, lhe eldest of whom is three years old, witnessed the double tragedy. The six -act knitting mill owned by William Scott & Co. was destroyed by fire Sunday. The mill was a four-story struc ture, and the company had just added two new sets of machinery. Loss will exceed i0,000. , , A general emeute is expected in the Rus sian universities on Mai-ch 18, the anniver sary of the assassination of Emperor Alex ander I, and the police are making ex tensive preparations to quell any disorders that may arise. . Mayor Fitler, of Philadelphia, would not Eermit the national salute to be fired in ouor of Washington's birthday in that city. The salute-has been fired on every Washington's - birthday anniversary in Philadelphia since Feb. 23, 1790. ... - The politicians of St. Louis assert that Mrs. Cleveland is a mascot. She was es corted to tbe opera on Monday evening by ex-Mayor Francis of that city, and to that fact is ascribed the action of the National Democratic Committee in selecting St. Louis as the place to hold the Convention. The Grand Amny of the Republic, Depart ment of Indiana, at its ' annual meeting Thursday night, passed a resolution in structing the delegates to the National En-i campment to vote as a unit in favor of giv mg every discharged soldier a pension fof liie at not less than $3 per month and more for disabilities. . A man near Rusbville, Neb4 while digV gins in a well twenty feet below the sur face, unearthed tbe jawbone of an antidi luvian animal of- prodigious size. From the tip of tbe chin to the larger or upper! end it - treasured threo feet and seven, inches, and the teeth were over two inches long.- - . : , , . ' - The maddest man in Omaha is a party the name of 8 R. Jotm3on. A few years agd he could have bought the Coronada islands in San Diego Bay, but -didn't. A syndicate jumped in, paid (110,000 for the land, and within the last year has sold nearly three million dollars worth. What is left is held at f 10,000,000. -.; The row between Lord Salisbury and Mr. Brad laugh over the hitter's assertion that Lor Salisbury gave his personal check to aid in the promotion of meetings of . uhem-J ployed workingmen in Trafalgar Square n February, 18S6, with the ulterior object ot reaping political benefit; through the disor derly character of the meetings is to be settled in Court. v " Commissioner Donovan, of the State Board of Arbitration and. Mediation, bas been notifietfto appear before the Com mittee on Labor of the House of Represent atives at Washington next Monday and give his views on the bill now pending making eight tcurs a day's' work for the postmen of the United States. ; .- CoL John W. Hewitt, ex-Speakers of thai Arkansas Legislature, is skjwly dying & Marianne, of a cancerous growth on th tongue. His disease is very much like thalj from which Gen. Grant died. He has nq hope of recovery and, tiavinar put all his , business affairs in orir, is calmly, await ing the apprcach of death.. - S.ime-interesting autographs of men of letters were sold recently in Lon on. In one from Swift the writer declares that so dire is hi& poverty "that if I come to Mara Park it must do on foot." Btern Deg3 ior the loan of 50 pounUs.t. A letter from lio smith eive '"doleful accounts" of his Yl lan travels, .and one from Fielding com ; plains of his disappointment iu money af ' fairs. , . .-';'. A Mrs. Woodworth has been performing some wonderful faith cures at Chambers burg, Pa... Abner Kyle, who had been deal for ten years, recovered his bearing th moment she prayed for him. " Mrs. Loch baum, whose arms bad been helpless be. cause of rheumatism, asd Mrs. Alton, whq had suffered terribly fror.i neuralg.a foi V'ears, were instantly cured by the faitH evangelist., .. , , The village of Little Chute, near Neenab, " Wis., is settled almost entirely by Hol landers, the majority of whom make their " living by manufacturing wooden shoes,and till of whom wear them. Several times a ear they.-- have a daace, which lusts three days and in which everybody joins, old and voting. These dances are always held in the day time, the people I dancing at mgbt is immoral. rviRccJRCdRAN's Peaceful, knd JL Froaigloua Hand of Charity; fovere With the Scythe, of Death HU Career. . Wa8hixgton, Feb. 23. Wj W.. Corcoran died here yesterday morning of senils bronchitis in the 90th year of hisaga. Hii i end was peaceful. The duration of his pres ent illness was but two weeks, though h ! has been gradually failing for the past year! Mr. Corcoran was born in Georgetown, Dec. 27, 1793. His father, Thomas Corcoran; was born in Limerick, Ireland, and, coming to this country in 1783, married Hannah Lemmon. of Baltimore, in 1783. The son at the age of 18 entered into the dry goods business with two elder brothers. George. Peabody was 60on afterward taken into tha firm. They were at first successful, fe'it under tlie stress of the financial panic ot 18-3, failed with assc t that paid their cred itors 5!) per cent. "Be eral years later Mr. Corcoran began business again, taking charge of the Real estate in the District ojt Columbia belonging - to jthe . Unite ! Rt.atAa munairins-t. it. Rftfelv - - and profitably -until , is : wnen ne went into the ; banking -, business With George W. Riggs in the building for merly occupied by tho old United States Bank at Washington. . The . business was unccessfuL, but Mr. Corctfran's financial ventures were so extensive that Mr. Riggs becoming afraid, withdrew from the firm. Mr. Corcoran, carrying on the business alone, found himself with 1'3,000.000 of the Mexican war loan on his hands in a falling market. He went to London, enlisted great banking houses there in support of a loan that seemed perilous, but they subsequently rose to a high premium, and laid the basis of a fortune that at the time of his death amounted to $5,000,00). He retired from active participation in the banking business in 1S54, and found plenty to do in the man. agement of his property affairs. He bought large tracts of real estate here, erected buildings, increased his income in every direction., and began those works of phi I. anthrophy which will make his name re membered by the side or his early partner, George Peabody. Was Mingo Jack Guilty? KatontowjTt. N.-J., . Feb. 27. The belief that Mingo Jack was innocent of the as sault on Angeline Herbert here two year ago, for which he was lynched, is becoming general among -the residents. Several of; the negroes who are accessories in the Hamilton murder at Long Branch state, that George Carney was also implicated iq the assault on Angelina Herbert. Carney is now in the jail at Freehold for an assault upon a servant of Mrs. Lyddy, at Elberon, a short time ago. The same negroes arj responsible for the statement that Carney was the man who assaulted the Herbert woman. They claim that the victim of th assault failed to correctly describe her as sailant at the Coronor's inquest over Mingq Jack. These disclosures would hare bee a made before by the negroes, thev say, U they had not been greatly in fear of Carney. Seal Fishing on a Large Scale, . . Montbeai-, Feb. 28: A company with $1,000,000 subscribed : .capital is being formed to prosecute seal and other fishing in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and on the coas of Labrador. It is also proposed to look afte! wrecked vessels and take such care o! buoys as may be deemed -suitable by tha authorities. Tne . carrying out of this pro ject will require two bark-rigged steamers of 300 tons, a steam oil rendering establish ment, etc., at a cost of over $100,003. - This company will enter into competition witq American sealers, and wiU- probably bs given authority to look after illegal poach, ing on the part of the Americans. Twenty, four million seals have been killed an their skins exported to Eagland in .the last fifteen years. ,; ' Mrs. iAngtry Very Indignant. CmCAGd,' Febr"28.r-Mrs.i Langtry has in. structed lawyers in . New -York, Messrs. Piatt & Bowers, to bring a libel suit against the Sun for printing a : despatch from Chicago descriptive of a banquet that sha alleges never took place. :Mrs. Langtry is in receipt' of letters . of sympathy from many parts of the country. . Her friends are indignant at the course taken by some newspapers in publishing as true certain Tumors which had no basis in fact. ' i Missouri Fighting Smallpox. .St. - Louis, Feb. 18, An important ses sion of the State Board of Health is in progress to-day at the Laclede Hotel. It is given out that a resolution will be adopted requesting Goy. Morehouse te issue a proc lamation respecting , the prevalence of smallpox in the State and to take the neces sary steps to prevent its spread by the en forcement of the usual quarantine: laws and regulations. , - i Thirty-flive Millions Wanted. Pittsburg, Feb. 27. A meeting, of tha stockholders of the Tehaun tepee ; Ship Rail way was held here Saturday to consider the advisability- of sending J- P. Andrews, of Pittsburg, to Europe to negotiate a loan of f 35,000,000. Among those in attendance are William Windom, ex-Secretary of the Treasury, and Congressman John Rice, o Massachusetts. No definite action has been taken yet. ' '' ' '"" " . Uase Ball Changes., Bt. Louis, Feb. 25 "Tip"- O'Neill, the champion batter of the association, signed last night with the Browns. He says ha feels confident that when the club gets down to work it will give Brooklyn and Cincinnati a strong race. James McGarr, the short stop, secured from the- Athletics in place of Gleason, was signed by wire yesterday. - " :: ' ' ; ' Din r ley Wins the Bicycle Race. , ; . Philadelphia, Feb. 26. The seventy-two hour, twelve hours a day,' bicycle raco closed at 11 oclock last nieht. The closing scores were: Dingley, 903 miles 4 laps; Knapp, 893 miles 6 laps; Hollings worth, 883.3; McDowell, 653.2; Rhodes, 749.1; Ash. inger, 613.V; Whittaker, 32S.8; Neilson, 277.1; Crocker, 204.9. 1 . Try Id c tain and Cromwell. Banoob. Me., Feb."i!8.- In the Stain case Edward H. Chase, a doctor, testified that young Stain told him he was going to coin fess and implicate his father, and both wen to Mrs. Barron about it. The witness thought Stain said he was present at tha time of the murder. The a3e will end on Lnesday. ; .Barclay Peak Gets a New Trial. ., Tbestoh, N. J., Feb. 25. The Suprema Court yesterday granted a new new trial to Barclay Peak, convicted of having killed Katie Anderson. It is expressed the opinion that he could not be convicted of murder. Indians W1U Soon Tarn Oat Intruders. Taleqcah, Ind T., Feb. 25. Having bee- decreed the right of deciding who belongs, to their tribe and who does not, the Chero kees have decided to turn out the intruder! within ninety -days. - : S16,000 for Loss of Both Feet. -Trot, O., Feb. 25. The Jury in the casa Of Mike Donahue, against the D. and M, jroad yesterday, gave the plaintiff 116,001 damages for tha loas oj? botb 'sev the c, b. & q's. big sTrrnrTE: rhelr Entneers and liremen Go Out The K. of I Interested. Chicago, Feb. 27. The anticipated striko of the 1,600 locomotive engineers and fire men on all lines of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad is now on. The Broth erhood of Locomotive Engineers gave tho railroad company thirty-six hours . to de cide as to whether they would aecede to its demands for a uniform tariff of three anl a half cents a mile on all lines. These houri of grace expired at 4 o'clock this morning.' The officials refused to come to the pro posed terms, because : they will . not have terms dictated to them, and because the greater care necessary on main lines, in their opinion merits better pay. Should the strike long continue, it is probable that in addition Jo the 1,400 men directly involved, the; great majority of 14,000 employes of tbe system will be called upon to strike. . ..- -J - The-; 25, 000 member of 1tte . Engineers 1 Brotherhood throughout the country will becalled upon to contribute to the support of the strikers, " : . Four thousand men are now idle in the yards. Wipers, freight-hands and others, about the premises of the the great system : are loitering on the street corners discuss- j Ing the situation. ' -".- No trouble has occurred, and from pres ent appearances all will be pacific for a 1 while at least. ,. Iarge numbers of poiice are in the vicinity. ' The fight promises to be a hard one be-; tween the Brotherhood and the Knights of , Labor. ITie latter still nurse a grievance ' against the Brotherhood, asserting that had its members not aided the railroads in the strike on the Union Pacific in 1886, as well as in the more J recent Reading trou-i bles, the strikes would have been effectual. Chicago," Feb. 28. Mr. Powderly arrived here yesterday morning, and was claseted, for a time with Chief Arthur. He Is sup possd to be allied with the railroad officers. ' Mr. Perkins, the president of the Chicago,'; Burlington and Quiricy, arrived this morn-; ing and bad a conference with Mr. Stone and the managers of the road here. He unqualifiedly indorsed all action taken. The fast mail to Council .Bluffs left the Union depot promptly on time at noon. W.; H. Chapman, of Michigan, was at the throt- tie. He is neither a Brotherhood nor Knight, of Labor man. The company assert that' everything will be running as usual in a few days. The abandonment of suburban train caused the greatest immediate incon- venience. - - -' -.- Grand, Worthy Foreman Griffiths o" the Knights of Labor said: "Let, the Brother hood and the road fight it out between themselves. The Knights of Labor will, as as order, be neutral." Kansas Citt, Feb. The strike began yesterdry morning. The management is prepared to handle passenger trains. . The! Chicago train was in on time. : The outgo--Ing passenger ; on the, Hannibal and St. Joa left seventeen miuutes late. The strikers are mot about the yards. No freight - Is taken. - The officials say that everything: will be running -in two days. " - t Galesbttbg, HL, Feb. 28. Supt. Brown took an engine out to run the mall train after it had been delayed here several hours! .Seveijminorffioejs are running locomotives. . The strikers are. gathering In groups in the yards. .: ,. -.;:;,. Minneapolis, Minn., Feb. 23. The Burl ington and Northern road : is selling no tickets here except local ones, and is re ceiving freight at the owners' risk. Red Oak, Iowa, Feb. 28. A mail train go ing west arrived an hour lateen charge of a non-union engineer It iB the opinion here . that J.he strike was precipitated by the" railroad management at this time to effect railroad legislation at Des Moines.' ' " ' Boston, Feb. 23. At the financial head quarters of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad here yesterday it was said that the strike could not have occurred at a better time for the road. A large quantity of its present traffic is said to be unremun crative. In behalf of the road it is asserted that it can afford to spend $500,000 to protect its property and to show that it is inde pendent of any control by labor organiza tions. The utmost confidence is expressed in the success of the company. , - . England demonstrates with France. -Lontk)N, Feb. 28. The government bas sent a communication to the French Cab inet with regard to the fitting out Of a fleet, for the protection of French fishermen in Newfoundland waters. England remon strates in a fr:endly spirit, urging that such a measure would be a fruitful source of trouble and lead te a renewal of old dis putes. Tbe despatch winds up with a sug gestion that a joint commission be ap pointed to settle the differences between the Canadian and French fishermen. Sat isfied with the Washington treaty, England proposes to apply the same means of settle ment to France., -; - Carpenters .Want a Nine Boar Day. ' Boston, Feb. 28. The Carpenters Council of Massachusetts held a meeting to. con sider the question of the nine hour system. A letter was drawn up addressed to all master builders of this State. The letter notifies master builders that after May 1 f' line hours will constitute a day's work, and hat it is desired to give work to thousands pf men now idle. They ask the builders to r ppoint a committee to meet them and set le the matter amicably. Russian Securities Are Weak. London, Feb. 28. The market for. Rus sian securities is weak, owing to rumors of a. heavy bank failure in St. Petersburg, due te a fall in rubles. No political causes are assigned. . The reduction of the rate of dis count from three to three and one half per cent, by the Bank of France, which rarely makes a change in rate, is considered one of the strongest indications of the preser vation of peace which has yet appeared. Chinaman Still Arriving-. Vancodveb, B. C, Feb. 28. The steam ship Abyssinia, Captain Lee, arrived at this port yesterday, from YoKohania. Sha brought thirty passengers, among whom were seventeen Chinese . and also a full cargo of general merchandise. There is no sickness on board. She brought Hong Kong advices up to January 27, and Yoko hama dates to February 13. Death of Kditor Flanagan. Utica, N. Y., Feb. 28. John J. Flanagan, city editor of the; Observer, dropped dead while reporting a funeral yesterday. Ha was oaeof the best known and most popu lar men in this section. He waa forty seven years of age, and had been District Deputy ef the Order of Elks as well as Ex alted Ruler of the Utica lodge ef the same order. ;. . -:" ,-' '- ' .- . . , , JNorfoUc and Western Earning. Philadelphia. Feb. 28. The statement ot the business of the Norfolk and Western Railroad Company for January, 1888, shows an increase in net earnings ef 56,449 as! compared with the same month last year. . Fall Blver Weavers Strike Again. Fall Ritxb, Mass., Feb. 23. The Amerv lean linen mill's weavers are eut on strike. RANGE CATTUE DOING WELL. The Reports of Heavy Ioss3 Are Ienled- Tha Stock In Good Condition. . Denver, : Col . Feb. 28. R. G. Head, President of the International Range Asso ciation, and largely intere ted in the range, cat ile .business, ; has' returned from an extensive trip in southern Colorado, New Mexico and Texas. In an interview he. stated that the reports circulated in the East that the loss of - range cattle this winter would reach from 53 to 75 per ccafc. is absolutely false. He said that from personal observa tion he knew that the range cattle in Colo rado, Texas, New Mexico, Indian Territoy, Wyoming -and a portion' of Art sona were never in better . condition at this time of the year than at present, and that the Josses this year would be com paratively light; that while the tock is not suffering for feed, snow is ' needed in Wyoming, Colorado, and NorthernNew Mexico, while Southern , Now Mexico, Texas, and tbe Indian Territory, have had an abundance of rain; thereby insuring hardy grass.' There has been some mor tality among thecattle In a small part of northern Arizona and Texas, south of tha Pan Handle, cause! principally by over crowded ranges. Mr. Head prophesies that in the next two years the price of cattle wilj advance, and those who , have held their stock through the depression for the past three: years will reap a great financial harvest. ; " ' '' --y : -- - '- -.- : ' 1 THE PRESIDENT. ARRIVES HOME Flowers and Iet Alligators the Souvenirs ... r . . of His Southern Trip. - ( Washington, Feb. 26. The Presidential train, bearing President and Mrs. Cleve land, Secretary Lamar and Mrs. Whitney and Colonel and Mrs. Lamont, has arrived here. The party was immediately driven home. The baggage car was loaded with flowers. The President and members of the party spent the day quietly resting from the fa tigue of the journey, i The pair of baby alli gators, which were among the numerous presents given Mrs. Cleveland, have been given a place of honor at the White House along with the parrots and dogs and pet cats. . Colonel Lamont said last evening that thePresident and all the members of the party were delighted with the trip and exceedingly interested and instructed by what they saw; and consider the time most profitably spent. . ; -: ; FORTY PERSONS KILLED. The Explosion of the Ferryboat Jnlia Pro duces a Frightful Result. South Vallejo, CaL, Feb 28. The ferry boat Julia had its boiler blown up here yes terday morning. The steamer, which used petroleum fuel, was about to leave its slip, when the explosion took place, blowing the entire ton of the boat off.. Petroleum was scattered through the steamer, setting firq also to the- wharf. The., telegraph and ticket offices were soon destroyed. ! - The cries of the wounded, burned and drowning were frightful. Assistance came promptly from Valtejo and Mare . Island, and the work of recovering the bodies be gun. - ' . ; "" ' . . Antl-I'overty Faction in Coari,',,,! """New YoKK,Feb. 28. The case of . the .Anti-Poverty Society -and-Henry - George's faction came up Monday before Judge Pat terson of the Supreme Court Chambers, for argument on the motion of Dr, McGlynn for an injunction to restrain Henry George and his followers from incorporating an Anti Poverty Society. Louis F. Post appeared for George and John H. Post for McGlynn. The latter contended that the George men were attempting to organize a new society under thf name of the' original. Louis F. Post for George said that he and others had been removed by McGlynn without authority, and was endeavo. ing to organize the original society. Decision was re served. - --- : " -" - ; Mr. Carnegie on Western Competition. Pittsburg, Pa., Feb. 28. Andrew Car negie states that, notwithstanding the natural facilities of Pittsburg, the iron and steel manufacturers are unable to compete with Chicago and the Northwest. The cause of this is the advantage of lower, freight rates, which makes it possible for the western manufacturers to come to our very doors and take our trade." The steel rail trade, he said, was unusually dull. Last year the consumption was 2,225,030 tons. From the present outlook it will not reach half that amount this year. There is not a Bteel rail mill in the country that has orders, te run them sixty days, and many could not continue in operation a month. Suffering at Mount Vernon. Mount Vebnon, HL " Feb. 28. The weather continues extremely cold. The homeless have suffered greatly during the past forty-eight hours. The Finance Com mittee has issued a card to the general pub lic stating that all subscriptions received will be devoted to the purchase of building material, household furniture and other ar ticles necessary to . provide the destitute and needy , with shelter. ,Up to date the committee has received a sufficient quan tity of clothes and ' food . to supply all the demands. . Guatemalan Insurgents' Invade Mexico. Guatmas, Mexico, Feb. 28. Great excite ment prevails here over, the news that the Mexican - government, has ; chartered a steamer to take troops from Mazatlan to San Benito, where the Guatemalan insur gents are invading Mexican soil. Tho sloops of war Democrats, . Mexico and Juartz will also take troops from Acapulco and other ports. The impression here is that Guatemala will not be easily checked. " Gandaur Improving. .. . ' Boston, Feb. 28. J. A. St. John, Gau daur's backer, has written to the Boston Herald as follows : , "Warmer weather and a change In treat ment are doing much for Gaudaur's back, and I trust he will again be able to come to the . front. .Teenier has been -talking through the papers about a race at Point ef Pines, on Decoration Da v, the winner t take 75 per cent, of the receipts. I will ac cept that ofiter on Gaudaur's behalf." Coke Operators - Reduce Wages. -- Pittsburg, Feb. 28. The coke operators yesterday posted notices throughout tha Connellsville coke region of a reduction ir, wages of from 6 to 10 per cent., to taka effect on, March 1. JThe employes will meet on Wednesday to decide whether thay will accept it or not. From twelve to fifteen thousand employes are affected. A stronv feeling exists, against accepting the re duction. " " " - : Four Hundred Iron Men on Strike. , - Pittsburg, Pa., Feb. 28. Four hundred menatSpaHg, Chalfant & Co.'s iron and steel works, at Etna, near this city, stop ped work yesterday morning unexpectedl to sustain tbe pipe mill workers, who re fused to accept a 10 per cent, reduction. : Ulg Failure of Furniture Men. Detroit, Mich.r- Feb. 28. Wright A Reese, general auctioneer, assigned yester day to Harlow P. Davock. Their asset are, 1430,794; aa tjicir Utilities V33,1) STBAlGHTENINGr BOOKS. The Mode of "Working Adoptod by Expert Accountants. Different Ways of Unearthing Frauds The Two Principle Methods of Fal sifying Accounts Clumsy and . Clever Ways of Stealing. In these days every morning upon tak ing up the daily newspaper one's eyes rest upon the account of some forgery, em bezzlement or the falsification of the ac counts of some bank or other large busi ness house by an "old and trusted em ploye" and his subsequent flight to Can ada. The first thing employers do, of course, is to 'make a report to the police of the fact of the flight of their employe and ask them to "hunt the rascal down." This much doee, What next? -Why,"" "How do - we tano?" "What's the amount of lossf 'Wbat do the books show?" '--"v--vr , , Not one employer in five hundred, says the New York Telegram, can answer these questi ons, because he knows 1 ittle or noth ing of book-keeping. If any of the other clerks of the swindled firm are able to as certain the facts, and in most cases they are not, they would not be trusted to do so. There might have been complicity and collusion between the absconder and them. What then? Why, the expert ac countant is called in and the books turned over to him. There are about one hundred of these . men of the highest class who. have their headquarters in this city. v One of this small fraternity of expert accountants, who has been in the business for over a quarter -of a century, recently gave a reporter a little insight into the mysteries of his craft, supplemented by personal experiences. "One of the things about the discovery of fraudulent money transactions," said this book-keeping detective, "such as em bezzlements and. forgeries by trusted em ployes, that strikes the unbasiness-like mind as peculiar, is that the swindler, al though having exclusive charge of the books, and being adroit enough to steal for a considerable period, and at the same time conceal evidence of his thefts on the books, should leave on them a record of his crime patent to the expert accountant. But the answer to this is that it is an im possibility for a dishonest book-keeper and his opportunities are by far the best to so cover up his tracks that an expert can not discover them that is, unless the books and papers are destroyed, which is proof positive of fraud on its face. "In the first place there are only two methods of stealing. Method No. .1 ab stracting goods or money without record; No. 2 doing the same with record and falsifying the accounts by failing to ac knowledge money received for stocks, merchandise, etc. Let us look at method No. 2 first. The accountant having satisfied himself that . the accounts are falsified or a balance 'forced' that is, made to appear where there is none pro ceeds m this way: '.,., ",'m . "He first compares the cash on hand ' at 'the time., of the' examination with the balance shown on the books. If the bal ance, is correct, the next . aiep is io trace specimen entries by. means of returned checks. For example: - If a certain cashier receives from a debtor a check for $1,000 and no entry is found on tbe cash book, by applying to the debtor the ex pert finds whether the debtor re ceived a returned 1,000 check indorsed by the defaultec cn the day when the crooked work is supposed to have taken place. An affirmative answer from the creditor is, of course, a sure clew. But if the books have been kept so that to all appearances the cash is right, and yet the accountant finds that some defalcation mnst exist because of the difference shown by the trial balance, he very frequently discovers that shipments have been made, and no copies of bills retained nor entries of them put down. He at once compares the original shipping receipt books with original entry of sales, or 'checks them off,' as it is called. ' Here, again, of course, if there is any discrepancy or omission, we have positive proof of crook edness. . "Swindling method No. 1 by receiving cash and keeping no entry at al! is gen erally practiced by bungP&rs and novices who become dishonest through forca of cirenmstances. Such frauds can nearly always be discovered in - one of two ways; either by means of falsa .additions or by supplying fictitious accounts. False addition?, of course, are very easy to discover. Where fictitious, accounts are employed the expert often has great difficulty in unraveling them.'. For in stance, I frequently have found on ledgers the names of fictitious firms credited with money and charged with small bills of goods, where the actual shipments were to some bona fide, firm, and for much larger amounts. In this case the expert can only find "out by extensive . letter writing to whom goods were shipped on a certain date. The firms can tell, of course, by their books, whether they received goods of the sort in controversy about the time of wthe fictitious shipment. Some times, however, it involves, an endless amount of inquiry, running through all kinds of clever and complicated dishon esty, to get the whole skein of such frauds in hand. But' exposure is inevitable, sooner or later. The Bwindler can falsify his trial balance so . that to a casual ob server the books will appear correct, but he can not by any possibility so falsify all the books, -vouchers and cash accounts and records involved as to ultimately elude the detective ability of an expert accountant. "As to the length of time it takes to straighten out books that have been doc-, tored depends altogether, or in a great part, upon the shrewdness with which the fraud has been perpetrated. ' Some accounts can be straightened out in one or two weeks; others may take months. I have worked over seven months on one set of books before I could bring order out of the chaos into which they had been put. Then, besides the tedious examina tion of the books, an expert accountant must resort to new and ingenious devices. This is what lends zest to the monotony of his dry researches. ' "Very often in the examination of a set of books the expert meets some interest ing features.' It is a fact' that the publio hears of only a small percentage of the cases of dishonest dealings. Frauds oft en are covered up for personal, social, political and other reasons. I have worked on as many as eight cases in one year, and found crooked work In them all, but in only one case, and that where tbe fraud was small and insignificant, did the business house use my findings to prosecute the offender.'' - Notwithstanding the wildcat market is a little dull just now, a farmer in the vicinity of Arcadia, 111., is preparing to engage in raising - thsm, anl , hopes in. a few months to have a cage forty . feet square full of them. The wilcat famine will sooa be evr. , " PLUTUS VERSUS CUPID. She was a modern Juliet, Whom Romeo waa wooing; ' Though they hal less ado to get Their billing and taer cooing. He didn't scale a garden-wall. Nor sigh, nor look demented, - - Nor vow she was his all-in-all, And tease till she relented. I blush for him ; It would be so In any book or story, -, And then her pa would tell him "Gof Then death In search of glory. But not so he. - TTpon my life, His point the rascal carried: I'm worth a million; be my wife," . Said he and now they're married? A. E. Uoyt, ut Life. A DEK1MIER EESS0RT. what Mi83 Corbatt Said Because : It Was Loap-Year. : A middle-aged man was walking up thi prettiest street of a - little country. tow one afternoon in 1 early June." It was t quiet, ' tree-shaded, grass-grown street and the man, as he walked along witl Jaunty, swinging steps, seemed wonder fully wide awake in contrast io it kH was a well-preserved man, who must hav been very good looking, if not positively handsome, in his youth. He was dressed in a gray suit of fashionable cut and wor his silk bat slightly tipped on one side ot his abundant brown,,. early hair. Thi brown, curly hair was very lightly touch od with gray here and there; so lightly. indeed, as to not be perceptible to th careless observer. In his right .hand, which was firmly held . against the small of his back, he grasped a heavy gold-head ed cane. He glanced from side to side. as he walked, at the windows of the cottages . with the air of one who had been used . to, and' still- expects to, catch the admiring glances of peeping women. And in this expectation he was not wholly disappointed, for from at least half a dozen doors and as many windows he caught their glances, though they were really more of wonder than admiration; albeit, he choose only to admit the latter. "By Jove !" raid he to himself, in a drawling tone as, the last cottage passed, he emerged into the highway - again and came in sight of a picturesque old black smith shop, before which stood an im mense weeping willow, "how little the place bas" changed. - What a sleepy old town it is. I don't believe there have been! twenty buildings added to it sinee I left here nearly a quarter of a century ago. And there's thev smithy just the same as wnen l worked there in a grimy apron ; paughl" And then stepping across to the shop where a man of about his own age- a stout, round-faced, merry-looking fellow was . wielding , a hammer with mighty force, striking - brave sparks from the horse-shoe he was fashioning and singing loudly the - while to the musical clink, clink, clink that answered his blows., "Hallo! Jim Far low,", said the new-comer, in a louder and quicker tone than that in which he hadsikm to himself, but it was not until Jim Farlow was touched . upon tbe shoulder by the gray-kidded hand ' that. the loud singing and musical clinking ceased and , the blacksmith ' turned slowly about and gravly -regarded -his visitor with no hint of recognition in his honest blue eyes. "Why, Jim, don't you know me?' asked he of the gray suit. "Surely you haven't forgotten Jack Palmer?" ' " "Jack Palmer!" repeated the black smith. "Be yon Jack Palmer? . If you be yon don't look much like the Jack Palmer that used to work aside of me at this very forge." ' : ' ; "But I am, all the same," said Palmer, "though I fancy city life has removed all trace, of the country youth. That is, all trace of his. rusticity. I flatter myself some of his good looks still remain. Hey, Jim?" . ; , , To this speech, made with a self-satisfied smile, Jim replied by another ques tion: "I s'pose you invested that money so's yon made a heap out of it?" "Well, I did at first," answered Pal mer, "but the heap soon dwindled awayi It was only thirty thousand in the first place, you know." , j "Only thirty thousand !" , replied Jim, with a grim chnckle; "w'y w'en you fust heard of it I thought you'd go clean daft. I swan I did. 'Thirty thousand say s you to me - a-tearin off your , apron i 'thirty thousand fur me that never, got thirty dollars together since the day I were born an' that's six an' twenty year ago. Thirty thousand', says yon " "Yes, yes," interrupted his companion, hastily; "I suppose it did look like a large sum to me then, but when one lives in- a great city and : associates with wealthy , people it soon begins to look like a very small one, and by Jove! it and all I made by it got (less and less as the years ' went on until I am actually down to my last hundred." ' : y - . "Down to your last hundred !" echoed Jim Farlow. '.Well, you must have lived high. And now, if I may make so free as to ask, what have you come back here for? "- You surely ain't a look in"? and glancing at the kid gloves he broke out into a loud guffaw "you surely ain't a look in' for a job at the old smithy again?' "Pshaw! Nonsense!" replied the other, half angrily, and then he resumed, in his former drawling "tone : "Old Corbett's dead, I hear, and left Ruth all his prop terty. Must be worth a tidy little sum?" 'It is worth a tidy little sum and she's a tidy little woman," asserted the black smith, with emphasis. ' . ; "Plainer tbau ever, though, I suppose. Naturally satli homely girls make- still homelier old maids." : "I never thought her" humbly nor neither did any one else but you, I guess, Palmer, and you didn't think so till you got amongst them city gals. You treated Ruth all-fired mean, you did," and Jim Farlow turned to his anvil again. "Oh, look here, Jim, don't go to . work for a minute or two more. Does she live at the farm? I know I didn't treat her exactly right, but when one finds one's self surrounded by handsome, fashionable girls one can't help but forget the rustic maidens one leaves behind. But I have a good reason to think I can still make it all right. Better late than never, you know. She has remained single for my sake, I am sure, and I have came here to reward her constancy at last. , In short, to marry her." ;' . ... , "To marry her." "Great heavens I what a parrot you are, Jim. Yes, to marry her.. ; She is a dernier ressort." .,, .. What's that?" asked the blacksmith, - "A last resort. I can't live any longer in the city. I'm over head and heels .in. debt there owe for this very suit I have on. So I've made up my mind to return to the home of my childhood, marry my old sweetheart and settle down into a quiet country gentleman. Not a bad thing to do when one can't do any thing "Well, I swan you are a cool card," said Jim. "But you won't find her at the farm, bat at the little red bouse just this side ot it. She isn't a bit stuck up though she has come into a fortune. You'd better go right along, and I wish you all the luck you deserve." - - Palmer eyed him suspiciously for a mo ment and then swaggered up the road, with the -gold-headed cane once more fitted across tbe small of his back. "WelL I swan," said Jim, Hf tha don't beat all. I'd like to take that walk in' stick and crod him in the back with Is right out off the village. But I s'poee she'll take him and kill the fatted calf, and all that sort of thing, thanks to his pooty face, whilst I never even dars t " but the last of the sentence was lost in the merry clink, clink, cling that had be gun again. . Ruth Corbett was hanging out her wash ing whe.n Jack' Palmer stepped on to her front porch and rapped on her front door with his gold-headed cane. She was a tallish, slim woman, with soft, fair hair drawn up on the top of her well-shaped head and arranged there la three or four large loose puffs, and she had keen blue eyes, a nose of no partio .ular shape, a thin, rather decided, and yet . pleasant, mouth, and ears that forced themselves upon your attention. The clothes she was hanging on the line were, as the Widow Crummins, who lived in the next house, had of ten remarked, ."as white as the driven snow," and Rath, with a clothes-pin between her lips, had stepped back on the grass plat to regard them complacently when she heard the rapping on the front door. For a moment she s tood and wondered who it could "be, for it was a very unusual thing, to have any One come to that door, all her friends, after the manner of country people, pre- -ferring the back. " Then she dropped the clothes-pin on the grass and went p see who the caller was. --,-..: ; Jack Palmer grasped her hand as she; opened the door the thought passing through his mind at the same time how different it was to the soft hands be had for years been accustomed to grasp and exclaimed, in as impassioned a tone as he could command: "Ruth, dear Ruth, and do I indeed see you once more?" f - Miss Corbett wrested her hand from his ; and looked at him in amazement. Then a light began to - dawn upon her. " "Is . it can it be Jack Palmer?" she asked. 7 "It fa it can," replied that gentleman. ' "And what do you want?" Rath went on, with cool, calm directness. , u- , . -- ? "What do I want?", stammered the caller. . -. , - ; - "Yes, what do you want?" "What do I want?" again repeated Mr. Palmer. "Why, Ruth, how can you ask? I came to see you." . "And why?" pursued the lady. . "Why? Because my heart has returned to-its" old allegiance. Because I longed for my boyhood's home. Because, Ruth, I want you to forgive and forget the pa t." .;. " . ' "And then?" said Ruth. ' ?Then then," replied the city gentle man, shifting his hat from one hand to the other and wincing perceptibly under the steady glare of . those claim blue, eyes; and then I hoped, Ruth, you would be come my wife." v "Have you lost all your money?" asked Miss Corbett 5 ri i - 's ' - "Well, yes; I have lost the greater part of It; but before I -lost it I msde up my- mind to seek you again. I did. upon my word, and ask your forgiveness." "Sorry to say I doubt that very much. , And now, Mr. Palmer, I advise you to re turn to town as soon as possible, while 1 hang out the rest of my washing." - 'And you won't forgive me, Rath? ' 'Well, really, I've quite forgotten what . I have to forgive you for. Bat, there, I . forgive you, if that will do you any good, and wish yon a pleasant journey, back to your city friends." . ; If ever a city gentleman walked off a front porch after an interview . with an elderly rustic maiden, utterly routed and , discomfited by - . that elderly rustic maiden, Jack Palmer was that city gentle man. . He could not have felt more dis comfited even if he had seen Miss Cor- -bett, with a tranquil little smile hovering about her mouth, go placidly back to her grass-plat, pick up the clothes-pin she had dropped te answer his knock, and to let him in, and proceed to fasten a handker chief to the line therewith. Jim Farlow spied his old chum coming back and went to the door of the shop. Hallo," said he; "what luck?" But the other never answered, but strode by, his jaunty manner all gone, without word or sign.- .. ' -. : : "Ha ! ha I ho 1 ho !" shouted the black smith, nearly doubling himself up in the excess of his mirth. "The darnyer ray -sort didn't work." v J ; -.. - - : That very evening as Jim Farlow was on his way home he stopped for a moment to speak to Ruth Corbett. She was standing by her gate evidently pa -the lookout for him. ; " d .' "Did you see Jack Palmer to-day?" she "WelL yes, I had that honor,", replied the blacksmith. "Did you?" "I did," said Miss Corbett! ."and all - I've got to say island I couldn't , brine myself to say that if it wasn't leap-year - that it's a pity you haven't a little of his ;- assurance." -. ,;. -. i: , 'And if I had, .what would I do with it?" asked Jim, coming a3 near to her as the gate between them would allow. . - ; "Let it help you to ask me the same ' question he asked me," returned Ruth. - -' 'And -that- was that was?" said the blacksmith. , ; ; 7 . ' , "Yes, it certainly was," gravely assent- ed Ruth. .- . ,. . . v - ' - '. The gate flew open1 Jim caught her in his arms "It was : 'Will von be mv " wife?' " he fairly shouted. And "I haven't the slightest objection," said Miss Corbett. " Margaret Eyt inqe, in Detroit Free Prev .K. l' jmd No. 6s. ' -. A most romantic story comes from Con necticut. A- charming young widow had been accustomed during the summer to drive about the town In a stylish victoria. fascinating the masculine and infuriating the feminine portion of the population by -the coquettish display of two tiny feet shod in blue slippers and blaek stockings. uniise the feet of the bride in Suckling's ballad, they did not go in and out" be neath the dress skirt, ; but rested tran quilly and tastefully disposed in the fash ionable way popular among young ladies wno drive victorias. One day. however. her horses took fright, and lol and be hold, the lady was forcibly thrown from the victoria, leaving behind her a vision' which delighted her female enviers her false carriage feet. No. l's, while her nat ural No. 6' s took hair led flight from view. ; .- - - , - Progress of Forty T ears . Forty years ago there was not north of the Arkansas river S0,050 American citi zens in all the vast area between the Mis souri and the Pacific ocean. Now there are not less than 12,000, 000, or nearly one -fifth of our entire population. .There are forty large cities within this area, 75,000 miles of railroad, and at least one-third of the telegraph lines of the United States J 1 f t ! jjurtflfiifcrf"