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THE EXAMINER, SATURDAY MARCH 3, 1868.
THE EXAMINER The Cxauikkr can be found for Bale at the Newsdealers. ' If the paper fails to reach yon regularly, drop a postal card immediately. - ' SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1888. The Inconsistency of Henry George and His Friends. ' ; The political organization known as the United Labor party is not having over fair sailing at present. The captain seems to have deserted the ship and to have taken some of the crew along with him. There can be no further doubt of Henry George's defection ; his declarations over his own signature in his own paper of last week, sets the question at rest. However, at the same time, Mr. George hangs on, or pre tends to hang on, to the ragged edge of a possible contingency that will keep him yet in line with the party he is now about to abandon. That is, in the event of President Cleveland being set aside in the coming national convention of his party, and his position on the tariff question ignored, Mr. George would then have a third party or ganized of single-tax men, tariff reformers and put and out free traders. This is a very strange combination of elements for such a man -to suggest, as we shall have occasion to see farther on. . We said that "Mr. George hangs on or pretend to hang on" to the United Labor party fearing that he may not have an op portunity of supporting Mr. Cleveland on account of the sentiments proclaimed in his late tariff message. We are indeed sorry to have to impute anything that savors of mere pretension as against the reality to Henry George, for we have hitherto looked upon. him as not only a highly gifted man, but a man of heart, soul, honor and eternal consistency. We accord him all these at tributes now with one exception. He has ceased to be consistent at least in his pro fession of policy to further the establish ment of a principle. What this is due to we know not, but look upon it as the fickle-mindedness of a brain whose activity Is ever wandering into new fields of thought and intricacy. He therefore may be one of the wisest of phil osophers yet the most unstable ' and un trustworthy of guides. That this is possi ble we have only to refer to the character of that great master mind, Bacon, of whom rope has written, ; ' "If parts allure thee see how Bacon shined ' The wisest, . brightest, ,' meanest of mankind." . But we have nothing to do with the pri vate character of Henry George or any of his friends who go with him in the present misunderstanding, and only wish that he and they wonld be similarly influenced in the presentation of their side of the contro versy. What we have to do with Is their public policy in the opposition to placing a national ticket in the field in the c6ming Presidential contest, and to show that such action ' is not consistent with their former position on the question, nor does present - pretensions of the reasons and motives by jhich they claim to be governed and ani mated, tally with those expressed in the past. :':V'v,' - ;j v That there may be no misunderstanding, nor anything taken for granted, we will bring the pas: and present together for . comparison ; and to be prepared to do this, we have gone over the files of the Standard, -" Mr. George's own paper, from the begin ning to the end. Yet our moving desire ..was to ascertain . whether the point now - made by these people, that the Syracuse iauuiui vr 9 luwuueu vuiy lv aijr ' State Issues was an abiding faith all the way along, or a mere after-thought to ex cuse a contemplated act out of the line of former professions. Here is the finding: In the Standard of Jan. 8, Mr. George . gives Mr. John McMackin the character of "A prudent and sagacious man' ' And at the Syracuse convention we find Mr. George taking the floor to advocate his election as permanent presiding officer of that body against that of Mr. John R. O'Donnell, whose ability and devotion he also eulogized very highly, while proposing to cast his own vote for John McMackin, On account of the services he has rendered to this party and on account of the manner in which he is identified with it. I know what he has done. 1 have learned to know him as few men know each other. I know how much was due to his wisdom, his saga- - f . - city, ana now mucn mis organization throughout the State owes to him. He has worked late and early; he has sacrificed much. There is no man to whom we -owe so much. It. is a great honor to preside over the first State convention of this party in New York and it is an honor that I think should be conferred on John Mc Mackin. ' . How different is Mr. George's present estimate of the man he then knew so well is seen in these insinuations appearing in his paper of Feb. 25, just passed: . And certainly my faith in party organ ization has not been increased since I have seen how readily a little machine may be developed even in a little party. And how easy it would be by the intelli gent nse of a comparatively small fund to pack such a conference with the represen tatives of the views of a minority by simply furnishing, unknown to each other, men of that way of thinking with part or all of the money needed to enable them to attend f How efficacious the use of even a small amount of money may be in securing' con trol of a nebulous party can be seen in the - fact that the ability to hire an office, to pay few salaries and to buy stationery and postage stamps has in New York given to . I a m n snh imnnrbinM f hftfr. thv irt.ll- : ally assume dictatorship. ' r ; - - Such a conference, moreover, if intended tn anr-a the Dnroose of Reoublican Drotec- tionism in the doubtful states, as I have for some time known to be intended, could most easily be packed at the cost of a com paratively trivial sum. - 'This is ' left to the interpretation of Messrs. McMackin, Barnes and Dr. Mc Glynn being running a political machine in the Interest of the Republican manipu- labOrS, SUJIUIKU MJJ IKUUUWMl lUUUO. " Yet, Mr. George cannot be ignorant of the fact that part of the net proceeds of Dr. McGlynn's lectures has been required by Manager Barnes for this especial purpose.' ''As to the apparent solicitude of Mr. George and his friends for the Democratic party it is well to enter into an investiga tion as to its basis. And let them be judged by their own confessions. In an editorial article of Mar. 12 of last year, this is fonnd: Mayor Harrison of Chicago says that the nomination of a ticket by the United Labor party is going to give Chicago to the Re publicans. What if it does ? What prac tical difference does it make to working men', whether Democrats or Republicans hold the offices ! Nominations by the Labor party may hurt the Democratic machine here and the Republican there, but they will everywhere force the discussion of vital questions. If the Labor party is to accomplish anything it must go on its own way careless of which political machine is hurt, . This sounds like the voice of patriotic common sense, the other like a plea of specious dissimulation employed to excuse an act weak and unworthy in itself. We find in the Standard of Mar. 20, this quotation from a speech by ex-Congress-Frank Kurd, and the following comments il (icen : , '"A tariff is a tax on foreign articles im ported into this country, when levied for the purpose of raising revenue. When im posed for the purpose of aiding individuals it is called a protective tariff. To the first I have no objection; to the latter I am un alterably opposed. " In truth the only distinction between such so-called Free Traders as Frank Hurd represents, and the most thorough going Protectionist, is only of degree. If men like. Hurd, and Morrison and Carlisle, wbuld really accomplish anything, let them strike at Protection, not in its comparitively unimportant branches, but in its root. Let them join that now rapidly growing party which aims at the abolition of all taxes save that on the value of land. These are strange sentiments to have been held by men who now .would have that "rapidly growing party" disintegrate in the interest of a policy- proclaimed to be only a lesser degree of this robbery of Protection which they are going into es pecial training to demolish. And this is a very strange . sentiment too to compare with Mr. George's especial aversion to striving to unite with other schools of re form, which he designates as "a scheme to twist sand into a rope,"when taken in con nection with his most recent suggestion (Standard of Feb. 25 j the union of the present United Labor party with Tariff Reformers and Free Traders, in case Mr. Grover Cleveland is side-tracked by the "cormorants." , It would seem that while Mr. George's vision is most acute ' to the absurdity of others striving to "twist sand into a rope," he is completely oblivious to that absurdity when striving to accomplish this feat himself. But let us return to a closer examination of the question. Did, or did not Mr. George and his friends look upon the Syra cuse platform at the time of its adoption as intended to apply only to State issues? the great stickling point on which they now take issue with those of the party who fa vor a national ticket placed in the field. The evidence is undoubtedly against them, absolutely so; moreover, it is all out of their own mouths. . Here are Mr. George's words in the Standard of July 9: The importance of this convention is that it will make-the. first formal State organization on a principle on which the political contests .of the immediate future in the United States are certain to be waged a principle which will ultimately sweep the country as sure as to-morrow's sun will rise. . - - And to show that Mr. George was cognizant in advance of the material and scope of the platform-to, be adopted, we quote from' his article of July 30: - Over the platform there is not likely to be any dispute. They are (the principles) that land values shall be appro priated for the benefit of the community, and taxes on production or its result be abolished; that business in their nature monopolies, such as railroads, telegraphs, etc., and functions that can be performed better by the people in their collective capacity than by individuals, such as the issuing of money, shall be controlled or managed by the community. These principles may be tersely summed up in the phrase "anti-monopoly." Again here are the words of Mr. George at the Syracuse convention: " " - We here begin a movement the highest and noblest that man can engage in. Let us do our best from now on to carry it for ward to a success that will ring all through this country in November next, and sound the signal for the formation of a grand national party that shall . carry into real ization the principles of ..Thomas Jefferson. ' And now that Louis F. Post, one of George's friends and writers, is a consider able factor in the discussion, and who pro claims with him that the issues set forth at Syracuse were only intended for State ap plication, we will turn to what he said at the time. On being elected temporary chairman of the convention he made a speech and this paragraph is found in it: It would be a mere formality for me to express my appreciation for the honor you have conferred upon me in making me temporary presiding officer of the first State convention of the new party, which starting in New York city, one year ago has spread all over the State, and is des tined to sweep the country. ve are here to day to form the nucleus of a new party into which we shall invite all who work for a living as distinguished from those who live by the labor of others by virtue of special privileges. ye also find that certain public functions, such as the operation of railroads and the tele graph and the issue of money are delegated to individuals and corporations and carried on as private employments. It is for us to demand equality of rights in natural materials, and that all public functions be exercised by the public. What do all, these various references to the public control of the railroads, the telegraph and telephone, and to the issu ance of money mean, if there was no more intended than a mere State campaign con fined to issues over which the State alone held jurisdiction? If further testimony be needed the unchallenged declaration of Dr. McGlynn ought to be sufficient; that the convention had contemplated more than the mere contesting of State issues. Here are his words, spoken on the spot: As a member of the Land and Labor committee I would remark that we were instructed not only to organize the State of New York but the whole United States on that platform, so that it is clearly too late to discuss what are : the fundamental prin ciples of the party. ; ' . But the evidence of the platform itself adopted at the Syracuse convention ought to oe tne most conclusive ot an as to wnat was there intended. One paragraph will suffice. Here it is: While thus simplifying government by doing away w ith the horde of officials re quired by the present system of taxation and with its incentives to fraud and cor ruption, we would further promote the common weal and further secure the equal rights of all, by placing under public con trol such agencies as are in their nature monopolies. We would have our munici palities supply their inhabitants with water, light and heat; we would have the general government issue all money, without the intervention of banks; we w ould add a postal telegraph system and postal savings banks to the postal service, and would assume public control and ownership of those iron roads which have become the highways of modern commerce. How very strange that Mr. George and his able lieutenants can see nothing in this but State issues, and it printed in bis paper every week since the platform was formu lated. ' The State has nothing to do with the issuance. of money or the establishment of a postal telegraph or postal savings bank, nor can it control those "iron roads" which are inter-state in their nature. Why then,if the platform was intended to apply to State functions alone, are these general governmental functions introduced? There are also municipal functions embodied. What business have they to be found in a purely State platform? None surely; and the whole instrument bears on its face the evidence of being -intended for general guidance in estimating and applying the fundamental principles of the new party in its several divisions of municipality, State and nation. - ; - Anyone taking the trouble to look through the files of Mr. George's own pa per will discover a multiplicity of instances wEere the coming national party is referred to, both in general editorials and signed ar ticles from Mr. George himself. But we will pass from this to a consideration of the only remaining point, whether the doc trine of JYee Trade is involved in the Syra cuse platform, and whether that platform was at any time considered by Mr.' George as all-sufficient on. which to go before the country. The sqnarest evidence we have on this score is again found in Mr. George's own testimony. We all remember his over whelming reply to Patrick Ford when that once idolized reformer undertook to re prove him for cowardice and deception in bringing his Free Trade doctrines into the Syracuse platform through the back door. Here are Mr. Ford's own words : A very important occasion presented it self to him the " other day at Syracuse, but Mr. George failed to breathe a word about Free Trade. Henry George thus contrives covertly to bring his Free Trade plank in by the back door, which he dared not introduce by the front. - And here is Mr. George's magnificent re ply: "Could I have written the Syracuse plat form as I pleased 1 certainly - would not have declared in it either for protection or free trade, as Mr. Ford and the Evening Post understood the terms. For while J have never hesitated to avow myself an out and out free trader, I have at the same time always declared that I consider any question of tariff as of trivial ' importance as compared, with the question of restoring to men their natural rights to land, and it would seem to ba little short of treason to the greater principle to provoke any divi sion in its support by thrusting forward the smaller principle. . . . Let Mr. Ford attach to the tariff question jw hat import ance he may. What floes it amount to as compared with the question of the continu ance of the injustice which he has over and over declared in the language of Bishop Nulty to be a crime and a blasphemy? ... Let him ask himself whether the man and the paper that have preached the gospel of the land for the ' people on two continents so long and so well shall now, when the standard is raised and the issue ii joined, stand paltering about the tariff' Here, it will be observed, that no allu sion whatever is made to the point of is sue on which Mr. George now rambles off out of the fold. - He doesn't reply to Mr. Ford that the Syracuse platform is a State affair, while the tariff is a question belong ing only to tbjs nation. Not a word of it, no, hut to more clearly emphasize the situ ation he turns the tables on the recreant land apostle to taunt him with his recrean cy by suggesting the self-query, "whether the man and the paper that have preached the gospel of the land for the people on two continents so long and so well shall now, when the Standard is raised and the issue ts join ed, stand paltering about the tar iff." How the mighty have fallen ! Now it is Mr. Henry George : who stands paltering ovef the tariff when the standard is about to be raised and the issue joined, and who slinks to the rear exclaiming: . But I for one did not see then (at Syra cuse) any more than I see now how it would be possible for us to enter national politics without a more explicit declaration on the tariff question, and that such a de claration was involved in the Syracuse platform I never had the slightest doubt. ' Just the very thing which Patrick Ford taunted him with, and on account of which he charged him with cowardice for failing to make this "more explicit declaration;" and the very thing too which Mr. George evaded by the counter taunt above record ed. He now admits it all. But it is all over now,and Henry George, with Patrick Ford, is lost, we fear, to the cause of Labor and of mankind. . His fickle-mindedness has dug his political grave, and in seeking a short cut to reach one of his ideal hobby horses, he stumbles into it. 'Twere better he had followed the proverb which admonishes that "the longest way round is the nearest way home." A novice should not undertake to play cards with a blackleg, neither should Henry George un dertake to play at the game of "practical politics" with the wiley professional ma nipulators of the Democratic party. J And this it seems he has been doing, for has he not been "reasonably satisfied that Mr. Cleve land would not go back on his tariff mess age;" and oh, shades of departed consis tency,that self same tariff too, "as Mr.Ford and the Evening Post understand the term," and which was once considered by Mr. George himself as of such "trivial import ance." ? Let him now recite if he will, to his hearts content, the ."lesson of the Butler izing of the Greenback party" and insinu ate a mercenary alliance with the Republi cans; these borrowed stop-thief arguments of the sophistical circumventor and mercen ary ward-heeler will have no terrors for the men who for years have forsworn alle giance to the hosts of Mammon and left the Democratic and Republican corruption campB forever. - They will have a national ticket in the field'whether others vote it or not, for they are men who act according to the dictates of their own conscience, and not according to the promptings of the blind prejudice or the conforming consciences of others. This is as inevitable as that the two factions of monopoly will have rival candidates in the field to keep the stupified people disunited; and the solicitude of Mr. George and his friends for the possible meagreness of the Independent vote and consequent fatal discouragement, is all in the wrong, direc tion when portrayed by their own deser tion. , But, let them go; who knows that it is not a blessing in disguise. And it will be if their departure only opens the way to a unification of all the honest forces of anti-monopoly who will write their com mon desire and aspiration in a truly demo cratic platform, leaving victory to crystal- ize it into whatever form the majority shall decide, looking for 1 the wisest counsel to prevail. HE REMONSTRATES IN VAIN. It is reported; and on seeming good foun datioh, that the present strike of the engi neers and' firemen of the C. B. and Q. rail road was induced intentionally by the com pany itself, in order to furnish a pretext for curtailing the dividends paid to its stockholders; also to raise its rates on freight, though it has a large surplus, and has no excuse for cutting down the pay of its employes. Its stock ranges from $20 to $40 above par, and 'has been paying 8 per cent, dividends. The company is composed of Boston capitalists and controls over 2,000 miles of railway. Report has it also that the unsuccessful striking engineers and firemen of the Read ing road have been taking the places of the Brotherhood strikers in the present con test. And they do it too in disregard of the protest of General Master Workman Powderly, whose , argument is that "two wrongs, do - not make a right," "Brother hood" members having taken the places of K. of L. strikers before. Mr. Powderly might also have qnoted the axiom that "necessity knows no law" and starvation will not stop when confronted only by sen timentality. Mr. Powderly's salary goes on whether members of his organization starve or not, and so long as he is a passive endorser of the industrial system at the bottom of these troubles he must expect no different results from its operation. Why is it that the men of one organization 'are forced through starvation to take the bread out of the mouths of those of another orga nization ? This is the problem that Mr. Powderly should set himself about to ex amine, and finding the cause then advise the remedy. He surely will find this cause in the lack . of opportunities to employ themselves,: caused in turn by the monopo lization of all natural resources to which they might apply their labor. He ought to be convinced by this time that present methods are of no avail and that all the wisdom that can attach to ame liorative measures is the wisdom of tinker ing a rotted out leaky old kettle until a new one can be obtained. THE DIFFERENCE. , Laby McKejtzir has opened a bonnet shop in London. ; The family property es tates in the Highlands, no longer pay the old-time rents. She lately said to an inter viewer, "It is no use trying to shut out the truth, Socialism is making enormous strides, unpleasant as it may be to have to face it." Commenting on this the Christian Union says, "If Socialism means such changes in conditions that men and women who used to live off other people's industry must now go to work and live off their own, it is only another name for democracy, or rath er let lis say for organic Christianity." And that is just what true Socialism means. Never was a name so popularly misinterpreted. It is even represented as synonymous with Anarchy, whereas they stand for exactly opposite theories. An archists would abolish all government; So cialists would increase the scope of good government and only abolish the bad; all, of course, as the one and the other became manifest. BROTHER PENTECOST ON RICH MENS PRATERS. " The Rev. Hugh . O. Pentecost recently preached a most rational and common-sense sermon upon prayer, in which he said those who run their prayers along the line of natural law, even in spiritual concerns, will get more of them ans wered than in any other wav. , That he who prays for , the kingdom of God to come on earth as in Heaven will bring it about best by study ing the constitution of society in order to see what conditions stand in the way of it, or tend to make it possible. He spoke of many men, prominent in church on Sun day, and equally prominent in "pools,? "combines" and "trusts" on Monday. On Sunday they pray "Thy kingdom come" and on Monday by their doings say, "Not if we can help it." Of course this sermon has brought down the vengeance of the conservative press, which accuses him of "ridiculing prayer," "despising worship" and heaps upon him the usual denunciation poured upon min isters who refuse to kneel before the Gold en Calf. The St. Louis committee not only beat the Chicago committee out of the place for holding the National Democratic conven tion, which each went to Washington to secure, but actually stole Chicago's poetry, especially built to celebrate the triumphant return of her committee. Such a larceny fairly indicates St. Louis to be the proper place for holding the Democratic rendez vous. Chatjjtce y Depetv, after dinner orator, prospective candidate for the White House and president of the N.Y. Central R. Com pany, warmly eulogized the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers when they were tak- Ing the places of the striking K. of L. rail road men at St. Louis and other places. He will hardly repeat that eulogy now. LIFE AM WORK ON THE FARM. Practical Points for Connecticut People. Agriculture and Horticulture in our .' : --- . Own State. BY J. H. HALE OF SOUTH GLASTONBURY. (From the Hartford Courar t The seed catalogues are even more interest ing than ever this season and should be studied by all owning a garden. Make plans early and purchase your seeds a month before you want them.' Then the seedsman has more time to fill the order correctly and you will have them on hand ready for the earliest planting:. Don't expend all your money on "Novelties" and yet be progressive ; try in a small way the new things, year by year as they come out. If they prove to be of real value tell your neighbors of them, or mention it at the Grange or Farmers' club, and, in the same way, if they prove not to be as good as some old standard sorts, dont keep it to yourself, but let the public know of it, and thus encourage the dissemination of valuable new varieties and discourage those that are Here is a man, with twentyeight bushels oi welcome oats in ms naratnat were grown last season on ORe-third of an acre, laughing at his neighbor, for sending out of the state and buying two bushels of the same at a fancy price, when they -could have been had at home for- half the money. Far mer No. 1, had a good thing, but did not ad vertise it, either in the field last summer, or at farmers' meetings aurinsr tha winter: con sequently he lost a sale and his neighbor is out tne extra price paid. ' Ice is such a farm : necessity of late years, especially where the deep can system of set ting milk is practiced, that the supply does not always hold out as late as wanted in the fall, and, even though the ice house was well filled up a month ago, it's not too late now to spend a few days in stocking up a good pile on the north or west side of some of the outbuildings; covering it with three feet or . Ill "j.. - . 1 1 M more oi ota nay ana witu u lew uuarus uu wp to turn on water. A good supply, may be had up to about the first of July; after which draw on tne regular supply mat nas been more securely packed. . In making plans for the coming season's work, consult the boys. They doubtless have some thoughts gleaned from -last season's ex perience that will be of help to you and it will tend to develop their powers of observa tion if they see that it can be put to practical use. It's well to indulge in a little judicious lazi ness and not get up too early, especially at this season of the year. Turning the whole house upside down two or three hours before daylight, does not necessarily mean an enter prising or successful farmer, as some seem to imagine. The most successful and happy farmers of my acquaintance are those that take a reasonable time for rest and recreation and thus develop mind and body in a way that they may be used to best advantage when required. The grape vines should' have been pruned early in November, and laid down and protected, in some way during the winter, for even bur inost hardy vines are more or less injured each winter unless protected. If not pruned last fall, it should be done at once, or before the sap begins to move in March. How to prune is a matter of considerable difference of opinion and there is no one rule that is equally applicable to the proper pruning of all the varieties. Some do best by spurring back upon old-wood, while others do best where only the best new wood of last season's growth is left for fruiting canes The strong growers ' of the Lobrusca species (Concord, Hartford, Martha, eta) will as a general thing fruit best on the laterals of the ycung canes of last summer's growth and the same is true of the more vigorous of the Hybrids, while Norton's Virginia, Eumelan, - and others of the Aestivalis class fruit best on spurs from two or three years-old canes, and, if these spurs are from lateral canes rather than from main stems, so much the better. The weaker growing varieties such as Catawba, Iona, Delaware, Rebecca, etc, produce abundantly from the main canes. Short arms from these with four to six eyes will give the best results. Yet each vine will require somewhat different treatment, according to its position, vigor, or local surroundings, remembering that close and careful annual pruning is absolutely necessary to secure fine clusters of perfect grapes.. : .... If the-Btrawberry bed was not mulched last fall, this is to remind you that no harm has been done, as the real value of a mulch is not to keep the plants from freezing, but to keep them from thawing out every warm day in early spring, which expands the sur face soil lifting the plants with it, and often breaking off the roots that are in the frozen ground below. Pine boughs, or fine brush of any kind will answer just as well as old hay, straw, leaves, or coarse manure, but will have to be removed as the growine sea-son be gins; while the latter, if not put, on too tmciuy, may oe leic on, as tne new growtn will push up through it. Thus it will serve as a summer mulch to keep the fruit clean and the ground moist. "Now mulch at once right on top of the snow and ice. Grange Xotes. The farmers' ,institutes,"held in the various states during this winter, r have done much good and have attracted, wide spread atten tion especially by the agricultural press. The institutes in Wisconsin have cost the tate $ 1,200, and no doubt it has been a good investment, yet special arrangements have to be made for each meeting and an interest "worked up" among the farmers to get them to attend. The fifty or more granges here in Connecticut with their large membership and regular places of meeting have each two or more "institutes" or meetings a montb. and there have been not less than five hun dred of . those meetings. Jn the state during the past four months, costing the organiza tion possibly' $1,60- but not a -cent to the state, yet without doubt adding materv lly to its future prosperity, as well as to that of the members of the organization. . . . The "confidential trading lists" of the busi ness contracts entered into by the state executive committee for the benefit of all the patrons in the state have this week been sent out to all the Granges in the states, as have also the printed procedings of the last state Grange meeting, extra copies of which may be had of the Secretary, X. J. Wells, South Woodstock. The master of the state Grange will meet with Central Pomona Grange at Meriden on the 28th and in the evening will be at some point in Tolland county. . He will meet with Quinnebaug Pomona at .JSastford on the 29th and in the evening with Senexet Grange, Woodstock. Thursday and Friday at public meetings to be arranged by George T. Sanger of Canterbury, the deputy for Windham county, and the evenings with Canterbury and Scotland Granges. Colchester Grange organized last week with forty-seven charter members, is the largest yet started in the state. Wapping, with its 230 members now, started with less than thirty, and most of those that now have from 150 to 200, organized with less than twenty -five. "The home mixing of agricultural chemi cals," was the subject of discussion at the meeting of Glastonbury Grange this week. Stratford Grange was organized, Tuesday night the 21st by Deputy P. M. Hawley of New Canaan. 1 Following the recent sound advice of Senator Edmunds to Vermont farmers that they should "keep up their organization and continue to press for the simple justice and fair play they are entitled to" comes the statement and ad vies of Senator Hiscock to the farmers of New York.- Re says: There is not a rr jfession. there is not a trade. there is scarcely a business to-day, but those engage in it combine for its protection and defense. We have our trades unions. Mechanics combine everywhere for the purpose of holding up their wages, and to compel, if possible, a division of the fruits of their labor and capital of their employers. Hailroads combine, all classes of people combine for the purpose of developing the particular industries to which the belonr. Farmers have done something in that direction, and I urge upon you to complete your organization. Slake thai a matter of butinets with you. "- ,' THE OFFICE OF POMONA. The following is from "Pomona," the title given to what, the author, Miss Linda L. Kimble, Pomona of the state grange, terms a little "Bookletf devoted especially to that branch of agriculture represented by her office in the grange. Among the many goddesses worshipped by the ancient Jtomans was Pomona. A temple was built in honor of her at Home, and a priest offered sacrifice to her divinity for the preserva tion of fruits. The patrons of husbandry place woman in the presiding position of Pomona, thus showing respect for woman nd regard for agriculture. Pomona's teachings in our order are founded on faith in God and to faith is added works. It is an indication of thrift and refinement to see around the homes of the farmer and villager gardens and orchards, in which they have planted all kinds of choice f raits. An over abundance of really fine fruits of any variety need not be feared. Let the fanner, made wise by thought and study upon the subject, . graft the trees worth saving and let those whose fruit is only used for cider hear the command "cut them down; why cumber they- the ,TOund.M em phasized by sturdy blows of the ax wielded by strong arms. It is the duty of the farmer to cultivate the bounties given him by the Great Provider. The fruits are the only portion of our food ready for immediate use: a more general use ought to be made of -them and in e&te- fVariety. Indeed they ought to be considered necessaries instead of luxuries. Arbor day teaches us many pleasant lessons. - We ought upon each recurring day plant a tree, a shrub, or vine, even though we cannot enjoy the shade the fragrance, or the fruit. Some one else may enter into our labors and call us blessed, even as we have entered into the labors of others and called them blessed. These are some of the ways Pomona teaches the cultivation and use of fruits to the farmer and his family. She seeks the highest good of our order. She does not teach the juices of fruits should be made into strong drink which will not nourish or sustain the human system. Mo! no! too often has she seen the blighting effects of cider upon the soul and body of the farmer, his family and his farm. Truth is mighty and will prevail; the time will come In which the truth will be told and shall be believed; the time will come when it will be odious in the sight of Heaven to convert the fruits of the soil into a poisonous drink. Hark, hear ye not a sweet clear voice saying, '"Succ-ss in a good cause is gained only by perseverance never be discouraged. All through life hope and persevere." This neat little volume handsomely printed on extra heavy . paper and bound with Pomana's pink is "'affectionately dedicated" "To those holding, having held, or expecting to hold the office of Pomona in our granges." , A CAME IN POINT. An IllatratiM mt the EqWalify f ike Rich and the Pr Be fare the I., aw. It seems to me that our laws have now attained such a fine degree of elasticity that they will snap some day in the hands of their dexterous manipulators, "honor able judges," etc. Instances in which the rich offender escapes free and the poor one is made tne butt of nendisn revenge are becoming more numerous and glaring every day. Let me call attention , to a care in point, which the papers failed to mention. A. young man, by name Reed Hurlbut (son of Horace A. Hurlbut, ex-receiver of the Times,) became some months ago the instigator of a cold-blooded murder, the facts of which are briefly as follows: A few years ago this promising young olive branch left Chicago possibly on account of a very unsavory scandal wbich connected his name with the ruin of a Chicago young girl and settled in Des Moines, Iowa, as manager of a branch house of his father's drug establishment. Now, Iowa, as we all know, is strictly 'prohibition," and ' the authorities, becoming aware that Hurlbut was receiving liquors in considerable quantities from the railroad depot, notified him to "cease such unlawful transaction. Huilbnt thereupon armed his force of employers and told them to shoot any officer of the law who dared to interfere with his liquors. Accordingly when a constable, in the fulfilment of his duties, ente ed to remonstrate with Hurlbut, or to confiscate or attach the consignment of liquor, an employe of Hurlbut's shot him dead. The constable left, as an Iowa paper stated, a widow and nine children. Yet there were not the crocodile tears she! over him as in the case of the seven Chicago police who lost their lives in a riot of their own inaugurating on Hayr market square. Oh, no; this constable was murdered by a rich criminal and his ignorant tool I Of course, there was a show of justice; Hurlbut was put under $10,000 bonds; the tool under $6,000. "Jail?" I hear you say, and "trial?" Oh, no! jails don't suit gentlemen's esthetic tastes, and as for trial I. have heard of none so far. How you ask me, can this be? Well, in Hurlbut's own words let me answer. A friend of his met him last spring and wondering inquired as to the reason of hisAelhg at large. "Oh! I'm all right," said ne "all's serene and lovely. My father-in-law Is judge up here, you know.". . Yet we are asked to venerate, to blindly bow to such "law" as ,this! But how much longer will we do It? How much longer will such rascally burlesque of justice and right "go down" " with the people? How much longer will power-upheld criminals go "scot free"? How long? Nina Van ZandtSpies in Chicago Alarm. A liCtier f Thanks frm Ike Mather ! Iai- X.iag ( Friends im Ckicac. The Women's Aid and Support associa tion, Lassalle No. 2, has received the fol lowing letter from the mother of Louis Llngg: I . ,' . - Honored Women: On the 18th Inst. I received by mail 103 mark 6 pfennig, ad dressed to me for which" I return my heart felt thanks. It gives me great satisfaction that during his incarceration my son re ceived such helping aid from so many friends. You may imagine the pain which the fate of my son causes me, as he was my support and pride from early childhood, and now has fallen, in the flower of his youth, a victim to his convictions. . The thoaght that my son is no more almost breaks my heart. To be able to go to America, the land of the free, was his main desire when home. . He was allowed to partake of "freedom" behind the bars. However, it is my sole hope and desiie that the alms for the realization of which my son laid down his life will at last be at tained by the oppressed masses, and that he will not have died in vain. Thanking you again for the sympathy you have shown, I remain His Deeply Moukkutg Motheb.' Mannheim, Jan. 22, 1888. , Twa Kiada af Olarder. The consequence of our present system of morals is that society is full of skilled liars thieves and murderers, who lie, steal and murder without violating the law. A man can murder bis tenants and employes quite as surly, if more slowly than a hired assassin and for the same object money. One gots to the penitentiary, tbe other fluently to the very highest office that the church or state have to give Hugh. O. Pentecost. A remarkable engineering feat has ben successfully accomplished at Gokak India, where the 750 horse-power of three turbines is transmitted by rope gearing 73? feet away the first 300 feet being up the face of a per pendicular cliff. . " According to the Electrical Review med-! icine may be introduced into the human system by electricity. -The electrodes of a battery are saturated with the medicine and applied locally to the skin. Experiments show that there is an actual absorption of i the medicne into the system. : : - y .i WOMAN'S COLUMN. EDITED BY JUST1T1A. The opponents of equal' political rights often say that women are too overburdened with cares already, they have too much now to do to have political duties added. Is not that an equally good reason for de priving laboring men of . the prifilege of voting? - . In Indiana a man was - "granted a divorce from his wife on the ground of her being an inveterate smoker. Would that court have granted the wife a divorce from her husbaud on the same ground? If being addicted to the use of tobacco is good rea son for divorce it should apply to both sex es alike. , . - - - . - Tbe advocates cf Woman Suffrage have often publicly challenged its opponents to who a it ha t iitvl 10 vaara vhn k. Ill sert, over their own names and addresses, that woman suffrage there has had any bad i. . r i , i resuns. lum utr mere jias ueeu uu re sponse. Rev. Ida. C. H niton, which as her name indicates, is a women, opened the Iowa legislature recently, with prayer. It was probably tbe first time a woman ever acted as chaplain to a legislative body. Sut almost all of the clerks in that legislature are women, clerks of the committees; and the engrossing clerk of each house is a women, and some of fhe pages are young ladies. . . . ' ' .. , r . i ii i !Ella Wheeler Wilcox says if she could vole, she "should cast her ballot with her husband every time." Voting then wouldn't produce discord in that family at least, bhe says she "has made more of a tuccess as a-woman than she possiblycould as a young man.". That is true, for If she had been a young man she cqnld not have married a rich manufacturer. Ella had better stick to writing verses, for there she nr Hi ha mnra nt tn ri a nm fmfh rifY) ra "... 0 V U-V W . v I I II MVM. WW try. , . '"- " "" --' ' ' v:'. ' Mrs. Ammon, of whom we' spoke last 7Blr tha fMatrelnnri vnmn vfin M sent to jail for "contempt of court" in re fusing to reveal the place where she had concealed the daughter of her friend, to shield her from an improper guardian, nas been released after forty-one days Imprison ment. . She still refuses to tell where the girl is; but the court probably felt that the ' public entertained more "contempt" for it t Kon AA 1ir1v tVtA Anma it iMinnnl lie opinion, except when warped by misrep resentation or biased by prejudice, - is WUUV W UC ill t.- llgub -. A Mrs. Corbin of Chicago has written a Ion- tirade against Women Suff raze, she Ka; . rt fViot il ' wh ''iinte . all tVin rights tney want." mis article. tnat iaisi- GaA all tocU nf rnsrM" v . fi-nr! was full of misrepresentations, was eagerly published by the Chicago Tribune which refused to publish any of the numerous and . able replies to it, by ULiicr WUAltClla A JVIUUU IrilAW J3 Cru a,i vccij unfair to . any set cf people should be frowned down. There is hardlv one paper, however vile or contemptible, that does not in some degree influence public opinion, .1 inj..A . a?A rt hsnl rt? patronizing papers so opposed to justice and ponitv. and hostile to human rights as to antagonize the- equal political rights of all classes worthy of the franchise. L2T AXTI-WOMAX'S RIGHTS W03IA3T. . On a bill giving women the right to vote . on liquor license, the Massachusetts Senate was a tie, but it was defeated by President Boardman casting his vote against it. But it will be re-considered. Mrs. Kate Gan nett Wells sent a letter to every Senator tMcrinr him tn vote against the bill, thus putting herself in hearty alliance with every urunxara ana arunKara-maaer m th Siatp. I mnsTatnlate the moral Edu cation society on its choice of such a woman lor its presiaent one aoes not ie- lia-o in tt fntnra tftt.f of Tfitxibntlon. but If she had a conscience her midnight dreams in this world would torture her with shrieks of murdered wives and the moans of hungry, orphaned children. B APICAL THOUGHTS FBOM MBS. CHANDLER. " . - " ' - f ...-. .. Mrs. Luclnda B. Chandler Is one of the strongest ' women writers . in t our country. Articles from her pen are seen in all reform papers. One of them lately published in a woman's, Chicago - newspaper against capital punishment is ' a remarkable clear argument, show ing that it is contrary to Christianity and morality,- that it promotes rather than abates - illegal murder. She says, "Policemen and Pinkertons . shot down men like dogs in cases of strikes, but this is killing according lo law, for they were engaged in the patriotic duty of pro tecting property. Shocking as this is, it ia not so demoralizing to the community as the judicial . process. We have recently passed through, since May, 18S6, a drama containing enough hate, revenge, and murder of heart, to counteract and nullify all the preaching of peace and good will that can be done for centuries. The dailies of. the country East and West vied with each other ia pouring streams of rancorous hate and diabolical falsehoods - through the columns of the press. If this concentrated spirit of revenge and - murder voiced the general attitude of the spirit of the people, then was there ten thousand times more murder committed in, this land, than there ever 5 was at the Haymarket. If this re vengeful, truly hellish thought-force did not express any widely prevailing senti ment, moral sensibility was stifled and paralyzed, by being constantly met with the demoniac spirit against which the people were powerless, and had no channel through which to protest." . PH02BB COCZINS. - " "' Major ConzinS was Marshall of the .t -stern District of Missouri, and during his " Iatiw film aa x-V iV t.rmlnatA fnlalW Vii . daughter, Phoebe, performed alt the duties of the office. After his death, Judge Mil ler appointed her to the office, but.after a few months President Cleveland wanted the office for one who had a yote, and she was ousted. She is now a candidate for Oovernor of the State. The Editor of The - Vnfoa njtka hpr if nha ia a nandid&tA. :' Tha . following is part of her letter In reply: "A yet I have expressed no opinion of Mr. Cleveland's nolicv. When the nroner time wine?, x ciucbh uvncrci, vJ U4iiw3 .-V tain sound- " . " " T Alii tint viif nflRa r-.f Kfr cTiall T was tossed out neck and heels, in the midst of a court session, from an office which, ac cording to the Democrats' own showing, was the bc?t managed Marshall's office in the whole countryin response to the whip lash of' Vest, Cockrell & Co.; who have been hounding the President for." months for the patronage of this department, to f unher their own selfish ends. My ap pointment met the univeisal approbation of all parties, and Mr. Cleveland could have done nothing to render himself so thor oughly unpopular here, as to deprive me, in the manner he did, and at the time he did, of that office." Phoebe ia a lawyer. good looking, tall and slender, with flash ing dark eyes, a peifect command of lang uage, and is a great favorite with all classes In St. Lonis. . Should she take the stump in a political : campaign, heaven help her antagonist I She would riddle him with her raillery, and impale him alive with scorching sarcasm. She Is a Prohibitionist and would run only on that ticket.