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NEW uULEANS BULLETIN
new ORLEANS, 1|ARCH 26, 1876. THE CUBEENCY QUESTION IN POLI TICS. "There is," says a Washington telegram, "a growing disposition on the part of both parties to take the currency question out of politics." Citizens at large would be glad to beliave this it they could. It is perhaps true that the Radicals as a party, having involved the country in a labyrinth of monetary troubles, would be delighted to eliminate all financial questions from the political problems which the people are now trying to solve. The curse of an irredeemable currency, amounting to some hundreds of millions of dollars, was born of Radical improvidence and nursed on Radical extravagance. . No wonder that they would be glad to shirk the responsibility and take the «whole ques tion out of politics. A hard old Einner was be fore a Kentucky court, accused of horse-steal ing, and when the testimony for the prose ca tion went strong against hint he rose np, pushed the yellow hair from his low, narrow and scarred brow, leaned over the railing of his box and said anxiously : "Judge, hadn't we better drap this little matter?" We are of the opinion that the currency question will not be taken out of politics until, under wise and honest management, the counsels of reform and sound, conservatism shall have restored to the country a circula tion redeemable in the world's money, coined gold. The domain ot politics is the one emi nently proper for the discussion of a matter of each great pith and moment, upon the wise solation of which depend the convenience and prosperity of all classes. Whensoever all paper circulation shall be come equivalent to (because redeemable in) the ooined gold of the Republic, and when nothing bat such geld coin or fractional silver shall be a legal tender in the payment ot debts, wo presume that the currency discus sion will cease and be thereby taken from the political field. _ . THE LAW'S DELAY. People of right intentions and sound prin ciples are sorely tried when they observe that, for long periods and through wide re gions, there is chronic laxity in the enforce ment of the criminal law. They, hear the story of crimes committed; they read rewards offered for the arrest of culprits; they sec arouud them the requisites for fair and speedy trial ; they know that conrts are kept np at gi at cost to the common treasury ; they know that all but a small fraction of the in 'habitants < Ï the S ate heartily desire to see crime cl. oked, criminals punished, property seci lam are A 1 red, hi'u protected and the laws of the hoid iu veneration. Yet seeing, know ing aud feeling nil this, they are under the settled belief '.hit tbe conviction and adequate pu nichaient of mdefaotors are ex ceptions rather than rule*. The execution of the law is not abreast with thb spirit of the law nor with the sentiments of the people. It is the prevalent wish o& furry-cine in fifty of fill the inhabitants of New Orleans that homicidj should be speedily punished and effectually suppressed. Our costly oourts are supposed to have the power to fulfill this general desire. It is equally desirable on the part of an *quriiy large proportion of our citizens that depredations upon property in all forms sbull be punished, and by such pun ishment prevented iu the future. But in this respect, too, c_ urtsr and joftias fag Jar behind the popular desire. • • It is precisely the existing condition of affairs that causes the best of citizens to med itate seriously upon a return to primitive and simple administration of justice. It makes good m ea feel like entering upon a compact with ono another against tbe wicked, to pun ish or expel them. It oansee men who are foes to all disorder to feel that the time may come when they are either to t>o in constant danger of assassination or robbery, or else organized for self-protection. Where the ma* ohinery of law and oourts exists, men ot a conservative disposition prefer to trust to it, notwithstanding muoh inefficiency. They are patient aud long-enffering, and forbear long after forbearanoe ceases to be a virtue. It is a fearful thiDg f<3r an outraged people to fall back'upon their original rights beoause the law has ceased to proteot them in life and property. When driven to it the oausa is in variably traceable te the ineffioienoy of the execution of the laws of the laud. Malefaotors are the natural enemies of those who would dwell securely and peacefully within the ram parts of the law; when the latter find their citadel and stronghold defied, despised, and no longer able to proteot them, they will cease to tymPto it, and will meet their an tagonist! fn the open field. The^inferenee to be drawn is that onr citi zens will cling to the law, respect it and abide -by its formalities as long and in proportion as it subserves the ends for whioh it was insti tuted, and that the surest means to inculcate a law-abiding spirit is to carry out the law rigidly and vigorously. A European correspondent thus writes oi Strauss, the composer of dance music: "He is as nervous as a composer as he is as a di rector. Glad in a velvet oostume, with patent leather boots reaching to his knees, bis eyes aflame, and in a fit of inspiration, ho goes striding through the house like a maniac. If inspiration does not oome to him in the salon, he olntche8 his papers and goes to his bed room or to bis wife's boudoir. Sometimes the waltz begun in tbe parlor is finished iu the kitchen. Frau Strauss, who appreciates and understands her John's habits, has half a dozen pianos scattered through the house, and iu each room a table with writing ma terials, so that in whatever .nook her H*rr finds himself he is quite at Lome. 'It was only through her influence that he was in due d to undertake a dramatic work." "No, Mrs. Henry; no!" said Johr, in tones, i t solemn warning. "Look at Mrs. Belknap. She wanted a new dress, too; and see where she is now. Stick to your calico, j Mrs. Usury, and avoid the insidious voice of • the tempter." What k«eps umbrella. Lint long-st and best An CHESS. It is a well-known remark that imaginative poetry is the expression, in a veiled and fig urative manner, of those emotions which have been debarred by tbe force of circam stances from their natural and primary ex pression in tbe world of reality. In a similar manner it may be said of chess, that it is the mode in which the intellectual temperament of a military strategist expresses itself when debarred by Circumstance from the opportu nity of exercising itse.lt in its primary manner of directing the movements of armies. _ A chess-player is, if we may so pat it, one-third of a general. A great general most have three qualities in strong development — bodily vigor, strength of neive, and strength of in tellect. A great chess-player need not have bodily vigor at all; and though no man can quite get along without nervous power, this quali'y is much less needful, we should s»y, tor a chess-player than for a whist-player, For it is the unforeseen strokes of chance that try the nerves most keenly; and chance lias a large field in whist, but a very small field in chess. But intellectual strength in its highest development can find ample room and scope for itself within tbe limits of the chess-board Indeed, if we except the higher mathematics, we hardly know any form of hintan effort which equals chess as a test and measure of pare brain-power. Jit is one of the very few employments in which the human under standing is exercised in a simple unadultera ted form, and physical and moral qualities sink into a subordinate position. It is of cotuse apparent from this that serious labor is needed for a man to become a £reat chess jflayer; and while the friends of chess have argued from this that it ought to be«levated to the rank of a science, its enemies have argued that at any rate it must be excluded from the sphere of amusements. Bnt, to onr mind, neither of'these esti mates is rght Chess is intrinsically an amusement, a relaxation; it is a diversion of tbe mind irom the cares and troubles of life; it may sometimes happen, but it is an abso lutely unnecessary consequence, that it should exhaust the mind which is exercised on it. The mental toil of a chess-player, like the bodily toil of a cricket-playei', is within dne limits a source of refresbmett and* not of fatigue. The real value of chess, as of all amusements, lies in its'supplying food for certain faculties which are capable of being exercised at times when the other faculties need repose. Moral tension is put off tor a season, and the brain is improved. On the other band, to reckon chess among the sci ences is to forget that evt ry science is a link in the great chain of universal knowledge, and is connected by a thousand subtle ties with other links of that chain. This is empha'i cally not true of chess; its value is sfmply in its reflex, not in its direct results; an evident gap severs it Irom the world' of reality. We bave before us a fascinating and beanti fnl treatise on this game, entitled "Chess: Theory and Practice," by the late Mr. Howard Staunton, well known in bis day as the first of English, and almost of European, players. Of such a work it is almost needless to Kay that it brings the student of chess up to the latest discoveries in the theory of the game, according to the estimate of the most compe tent judges. It is also noticeable for an his torical account of the rise and development ot chess, characterized ly he greater fulness than any similar account that we remember to have seen. Chess, according to Mr. Staun ton, has been practiced for a length of time, and over a portion of the earth's surface, quite without parallel in the case of any other game, and almost unrivaled in the case of any human art whatever. Dr. Forbes, we are told, "has discovered in Hindoo literature, dating three thousand years before tbe Christiin epoch, the description of a game which mani festly represent«, in a primitive form, the modern game of chess." It has been played from time immemorial, not only among the H ndoos, bnt among tbe Arabs, Persians, and Chinese. " Under the celebra'ed Caliphs of Bagdad "—our old fa vorite Haroun-al- Raschid amrng tbe rest— " the game flourished to a degree almost un exampled." Among great conquerors, Timur was an enthusiast for chess, and bestowed conspicuous honor upon the players of it. The chessmen of Cbariemagne are still pre served in the abbey of St. Denis. "Much that is interesting," remarks Mr. Staunton, " might be said it there were space enough in this sketch to say it, on the present condition of tbe game in Abyssinia, Syria, Arabia, Egypt, Persia, Hindustan, the islands of the Pacific, China, and other parts of Asia." It may be supposed that within these wide limits of space and time some variations have taken place in the manner of playing; these are duly noticed by Mr. Stannton, and prob lems illustrative ot them are given from the Arabic and Persian authorities; but, on the whole, they are very slight. Let it be consi dered what vast differences have taken place in the development of almost every other pur suit or faculty of man during much smaller intervals—in language, music, architecture— and the phenomenon in question will appear a carious one. A story illastra'.ive of one of the Persian problems (tn which the Bishop can move only to the third square along the diagonal in any direction, bnt can spring over an intervening piece—a custom still pre served in Abyssinia) is quoted by Mr. Staun ton, and is so pretty a one that we reproduce it here: Two Persian princes were playing at chess, and the one who had the white men offered his favorite wife, Dilaram, as his stake upon the game. The contest had near y reached its end, When the player who had Risked the lady on the issue was threatened with checkmate next move, ui lets he could find some remedy. As he hesi tated in the agony cf despair, Dilaram, who had eagerly watched the combat from behind the screen of gauze which separated male from fe male in Eastern households, efied out, "sacri fice, O Prince, your Kooks, and savo Dilaram ; forward with your Bishop and your Pawn, aud with the Knight deal death)" The position which illustrates this favorite story,is still known throughout the East as Dilaram's Mate. The position in question is one of much ingenuity, though not equal in difficulty to the generality of modern problems. It is observable that tbe military affinities of chess, on which we have commented, appear not only in the early legends as to tbe invention or the game (which represeut it as invented to amnse the tedinm of a besieged monarch, or of sdldiers engaged in a difficult march), but in the names ot the pieces. The King and the Knight speak for themselves; the Qietn was originally the Farzin, the King's conn sellor, and received her present appellation nearly eleven hundred years ago, from tbe Empress Irene; the Rook was the R :ka, or war ship of tbe H ndoos; the Pawn is con nected with Podata, Pedes, a foot soldier; the Bishop alone is of mire uncertain derivation.— Saturday Review, Feb 26. The foregoing are a part of the comments of the Saturday Review on a work recently published in London by the executor of the late Howard Staunton, entitled "Caess: Theory and Practice; containing the Laws and History of the Game, together with an An »ly sis of the Openings, and a Treatise on End Games." We fully concur with the writer in his estimate of S'aun'.on as a chess-player and as the author cf a very «superior work on chess published by htm many years ago, entitled the "Hand Book of Ccess." Bu', as plausi bly as the reviewer presents bis estimate of tbe game, we can not accept his theory. A che 3 s-player is not " one-ihird of a general;'' to of in to by of of to the cf ing the ties tbe ern he may in Let be highly skilled irf the kmght ly pastime, so as to meet with few equal* and no superior cn t Eher continent, and yet be no part of n genetal wha'ever. Chest hv*, in deed, bat n o;un calnd a military or strategic tai tary To ' you paid game, but the oomperison is loosely used. The analogy exists, but it is extremely faint. Between the deep-laid plans of a commander of armies, involving an infinite variety of elements and extending to innumerable re mote oonsequences, and the schemes of the chess-player, there is no more likeness than there is between riding on horseback and the play of a child bestriding' a b.oom stick. If the titled baubles of the chessboard were multiplied by thousands, and the problems presented were a hundred fold more compli cated, there would still be little resemblance between it and tbe grand drama of .war. Hence, there have been few great strategists who have been chess-players, and none who have been remarkable for tbeir skill m tbe game. On the other hand, tbe government that would search in' chess clubs for its raw materials of generalship, would expose itself to merited ridicule. Lovers of chess are liable to become enthu siasts, and are prone to excuse their extrava gant partiality for the game by making it ap pear to be useful. Their claims in its be half are delusive. They tell us that to play the game well much forethought is requisite, and that careful play cultivates that valuable habit; but the forethought which chess cul tivates is nothing bnt chess forethought, aud can apply to nothing else bnt chess. There fore, we often see men who employ circum spection and calculation in forecasting their moves, neglect business and injure health, while they waste tbeir time in excessive play. So, too. memory is serviceable in good play, but • it is a species of memory which oan be applied to nothing else but chess. There are calculations made in cheus resembling those of mathematics, bnt the graduate of ÿ Univer sity might play chess daily for a score of years and yet receive no accession to his mathemathical skill. A player may be in his games tall of expedients and resources, and a match in strength with any adversary, yet be found a mere child in the antagonism of busi ness. Perhaps we should concede that careful chess play cultivates the habit of attention and increases the power of continuous abstract thought: but that seems to be the only way in whioh it strengthens the natural faculties, way certainly inferior-to the study of a science or the diligent pursuit ef any intel lectual vocation. As a change, a relaxa' ion and an amuse ment, chess has its well known uses; but when too much time is consumed by it, when too labored thought is employed upon it aud too much feeling enlisted in it, it becomes a mere dissipation. MEETING OF THE BAK ASSOCIATION. There were present in the U. S. Circuit Court room Saturday morning a large attend ance of the members of the N. O. Bar Asso ciation, to take action upon the McCretry bill to reorganize the Federal Judiciary. President J. J. Finney occupied tho Chair, ancLE. H. Morgan acted as Secretary. Major New read tbe bill as reported upon by the Judiciary Committee of Congress. This bill has for its object the establishment of a court of appeals to be presided over by distriot aud circuit judges in rank just infe rior to the Supreme Court J. D. Rouse, Esq , addressed the meeting, stating that it was deemed necessary for the passage of the bill to have the support of the bar ot the country. Judge Merrick and Major Austin spoke in favor of the bill, and the bar adopted a mo tion to favor it Humor Affecting a Member of the Cabinet. [Special to the Cincinnati Commercial ] It is stated that, at tbe Cabinet meeting to morrow, papers will be submitted showing that a member of tbe Cabinet has been guilty of subornation of perjury in the ctse ot certain claims against the Government ; that these capers will consist in part of letters in the handwriting of the official charged with the offense. If this be true, it will result in the impeachment of a Cabinet Minister who has hitherto held a place in the confidence of the people second only to that of Secretary Bris tow. One of the principal attractions in the old Hill of Representatives, are the massive pillars of Potomac marble. Tbe quarry was exhausted in supplying the variegated sup ports which encircle what is now called Statuary Hall. " For over thirty years the pillar to the right of what is now the entrance to the new hall, has been pointed out as con taining a remarkable formation, being a per fect representation of a man's iace in a recum bent position. It was first noticed by John Quincy Adams, when Speaker of the House, daring a night session: Reoently workmen engaged in placing the statue of Ethan Allen in position, permitted the derrick to come in contact with this column, resulting in defacing this well-known attraction. As a compensation there has been discovered in the same column a perfect head cf Boss Tweed, resembling in the most strik ing manner the caricatures cf Nast. Since the celebrated face has been disfigured, par ties are daily engaged in seeking for new formations in tbis curious pillar. Birds with tbe rarest plumage, heads of animals, out lined Lees, implements of war, and in fact there seems to be a reflection of the contents Noah's ark. Copies of the Dmbury News, Detroit free Press, and all interesting journal«, can be bought at Staub's counter, in Goldthwaite's bookstore, 69 Canal street Iu the event of a trouble with Mexico, the United States Government might lose in twelve months $50,009,000 for the want of a railroad from the Mississippi along the north ern boundary of Mexico to the Pacific. A leading Administration paper makes the confession: "Enough has bien known at any time daring the last two years to warrant the most searching investigation into the sale r.nd barter of the trading posts under the Sécré tai y o the Interior and the Secre tary of War." This is from the New York Times, The Baltimore Gazette puts tho fo lowing questions: "To whom was it known ? To Grant ? If so, why did he send Delano away with a certificate of unimpaired confi dence? Why did he keep Belknap in the Cabinet, and finally accept his resignation ' with regret,' when he was caught by a Demo cratic committee?'' Out in the Black II l!s gold region, when you buy a bowl of beau soup, you take off j your coat, dive for a bean, and when you come up with it the proprietor of the saloon takes it away from y paid for soup. and says yea daly j ? BURGLARIES. Several Houses Tisited by Bur glars on Friday Night. A Lot of Property Stolen. Sometime daring Friday night, or at an early hoar on Saturday morning, the resi dence of Mr. J. J. Weckerling, corner of Magazine and Delord streets, was entered by some unknown thi6f or thieves, who stole and carried away the following articles: One gold open-face watch (No. 6708), one gold chain, one pair of new calf-skin boots with black morocco tops, one pair of speckled black and white pants and one brown speckled coat No cine to the thieves. TWO SUCCESSFUL HAULS. Friday night the residence of Mr. F. Clau viere, 95 Chartres street, was entered by an unknown burglar or burglars, who stole and made good their escape with tbe following property, viz: One coat, one gold pin, one pair of sleeve battons marked R. C., two cra vats, two pair pantaloons, two vests, one pair of shoes, and one pair of eye-glasses. The entrance was effected by climbing the post of the gallery and raising a window of Mr. C. 's room, where they picked np everything they found worth having. After making their exit from the room they must have passed the plunder down to one of their pals on the street, as they walked along and climbed from one gallery to tbe other until they got to Mr. Lucas's house, 101 Chartres street, where they gained admittance to the sleeDing apartment of Mr. Lucas by raising the sash of the front window. They helped themselves to one.gray coat, one gray hat, one pair ox pantaloons and twenty dollars currency. The thieves evidently took their time in leaving the room, as one of them undressed himself, put on the stolen clothes and left his own after him. The clothes left by the thief were brought to the Third Precinct Station. CITY HALL. The City Hall has never been duller; even the routine business is moving along in a sluggish, sleepy way. The Mayor has notified a number of pro prieters of concert balls that unless they comply with the city ordinances their places will be closed. The license ordinance assesses them from $750 to $1000, and another ordinance re quires them to bring the consent of more than one-half of the residents cn each side of the street, in the square in which the saloon is located, before the license will be issued. It is probible that the majority of them will be able to comply with both. The city has received a proposition in refer ence to „ THE MAGNOLIA BRIDGE, The bridge is unfit for nse and is danger ous to cross, It was built in 1867 at a cost to the city of $35,000, and to replace it would take almost as mach money. The company rnnning its cars across the bridge propose to build one at its own ex pense, provided the city wiil give the road credit for the taxes due, amounting to $10, 000, and will give tho city the old bridge. It is believed that the iron in the old bridge would bring between $2000 and $2500. The proposition is under consideration, A Carious Conflict of Authority. The court of justice at Munich has been called upon to seule a somewhat curious dis pute which had arisen between the municipal authorities of lhat city and the clergy. It has always been tbe custom to deck the two towers of tbe cathedral with fligs upon occa sions of public festivity; and until recently this practice had never given rise to any mis understanding. Since the unification of Ger many the Archbishop of Munich has always hoisted the yellow and white flag with the keys of St. Peter upon the towers on saint's days, while upon political holidays the muni cipality ha* displayed from the two towers the black red and yellow flag, surmounted by the imperial eagle. Upon the last anniversary of the battle of Sedan these emblems of the new Empire "floated proudly in the breeze," but tbe chapter ot tbe cathedral protested against their exhibition, bising their objections upon statutes which date from the eleventh cen tury. They instituted proceedings against the municipal council, and the trial, which lasted several days, is reported to have excited great interest in Munich. After making a careful study of the local customs, and in de fault of aoy precedents to guide them, the judges have decided that, though the body of the cathedral is the exclusive property of the clergv, the city of Munich is inscribed upon tbe public registers as owner of the towers. The municipality is, therefore, entitled to be deck them a3 it pleases, at all events unless the superior court, to which the chapter in tends appealing, should overrule the present decision. Getting Hot For Them. " A man might as well be in hell without a fan, as a Republican Cabinet Minister with a Democratic House," lately remarked that distinguished theologian, the Hin. Zack Chandler, Secretary ot the Interior. The figure is strong, but has the merit of sug gesting forcibly the aclnal situation of those members of tbe Cabinet who now stand close by the fires of retribution. With a Repub lican H use they had no need of fans. They could keep as cool as their impudence, and rake in their piles with steady hands, tearing no Congressional warming. No inves igatiug committees asked them impertinent ques tions; and if some imprudent ----—.------ newspaper. or some audacious Democratic Represent* ----. - ------ «-•- ------■ -■ • t and sweet political carcass ? '' live put a disagreeable complex.on on their acts, the Republican retinue in the Huoso either coughed it down and held their hands uplifted at the idea of such impious irrtver CLce, or if forced to mike formai inquiry into administrative performances, the majority could safely be reiitd on to stop questioning just short of the bottom facts. They knew how to mix the thickest sort of whitewash, and to cover up any cracks beginning to ap pear in Cabinet reputations. G:aut, Delano. Williams, Robeson, Crtssweli, Richardson *nd all their tire from serene soals and the whitest of coats. Thin, the Republican party as a whole would daub on another layer of whitewash, and cry out ! to the people, " Did you ever see such a clean ' N. Y. ohams and Jcronie?, could always re t these judicijus investigations with We know all about shooting stars, but we often forgot that this world cf curs to u re volver. I , * of OUR BOOK TABLE. Jonathan. A Novel. By C. C. Fraser-Tvtler, Author of " Mistress Judith," etc. 18mo., pp. 438. New York: Henry Holt & Co. New Orleans: R. _G. Eyrich, 130 Canal street. Price, $1 25. This is a charming composition. It is strictly Eog'ish in its character, aud is, more over, rustic in every featnre. Neither the no bility nor the gen*ry are represented in its dramatis person«, bnt working men and work ing women compose »xclusively—unless we except the curate—the community in whose fortunes we are iuvi'ed to find entertainment. Yet the humble sta ion and the restricted lives of these rural folk do Dot deprive them of attraction; for the momentous events that checker all human experience are not absent here. We seldom meet in fiction with a character as noble in its nnselfisnness and fidelity to right as that of JonathaD, or with one more winning in its grace and simplicity than that of Daphne Lynn; and wh n the two, in the final pages of the volume, discover that their lives, like tln-ir hearts, may blend together, the reader rejoices most heartily in their rapture. German Peincipia— Pirt L A First German Coarse. New Y >rk: Harper A Bros. New Orleans: R. G. Eyrich. This is the first volume of a series of Ger man grammars, on the plan of Dr. William Smith's "Piiucipia Latina." The volume, thoagh small in siz e and primary in character, is very complete, containing grammar, deleo tus, exercise book, and vocabularies, all in one bock—on a small scale, of coarse, but offering all lhat a beginner can require for some time. The grammatical training ac quired through this one little volume will be found to be very thorough, sentences being constrnoted from the start in praotical appli cation of the grammatical forms; only a few simple rales of syntax are introduced, as it is proposed to issne a second volume or " Prac tical Introduction to German Prose Compo sition," containing the chiet syntactical rules, with their practical application. The work has been compiled from tbe best German au thors, and revised by an eminent German scholar, thus securing it against inaccuracies. French Principia —Part II. A First French Reading Book. New York: Harper & Bros. New Orleans: R G. Eyrich. This work, which has been drawn up by the Rev. Ernest Brette, B. D , Examiner in the University of London, on the plan of Dr. William Smith's "Principia Latina," will be fonnd .superior to the French reading books in general use in several important points. Iu tne first place, each extract is followed by grammatical questions, thoroughly testing the knowledge of tho pupil in syntactical rules; in the second place, the vocabulary explains fully the etymology of every word, and as it contains nearly 13,000 words, it is complete enough to be used as a die ionary for all or dinary French reading; in the third place, the extracts are from standard works, and give nsetnl information cn points connected with natural history, discoveries and inven tons, French history, etc. ; they are also care fully graded, and afford specimens of the dif ferent styles of composition; in the lonrtk place, tho notes appended to the (Xtracts ex plain all difficulties of idiom and construc tion, and also aifird valuable geographical, historical and biographical information. This series will be lound invaluable, both to teachers aud learners. Diseases of Modep.n Life. By Benjamin Ward Richardson, M. D., M. A , F. R. S , etc. New York: D. Appleton A Co. New Orleans; R G. Eyrich. This volume, which is devoted rather to the science of prevention than :o the art of curing disease, contains a series of essays on the dis. axes of the overworked men—the physi cal injuries cl the body resulting either from exercise, mental work and worry, or from ex cessive physical exertion—the diseases re sulting from certain occupations, as the pro fessions, tbe flue arts, commercial, domes'ic, and agricultaral pursuits, etc. ; from the influ ence of the passions; fro n the use of alcohol, tobacco, narcotics, etc. ; from food, whether of improper quality or excessive quantity; from impurity of air, from sloth and idleness, from late hours and bro ken sleep, from errors of dress, and various other causes. The work, though medical in all its respects, is avowedly written for tbe study of the intelligent public, as well as for medicnl men. It contains no popular " re ceipts," no infallible prescriptions, nothing at all concerning the enra of disease; it deals ex clusively with that far more important topic— the prevention of disease—a icience which, as here elucidated, all can understand, in which all are interested, and which ail will find profitable to investigate. Carter Quarteeman. By William M. Baker. New York : Harper A Brothers. New Or leans : R. G. Eyrich. The novi-ls of Wat. Baker—and the reader wiil readily recall "The New Timothy," Mose Evans," etc.—are noted for they striking originality and great dramatic power. His characters are portraits from life, while bis descriptions are ver itable pen-pictures. The language and manners of the region in which he located his story are reproduced with rare faithfnine s— usually the pure American type, as exhibited in the Southern and Western S ates. His clerical characters are particularly true to the life—in ' Carter Quartern) an" as in "The New Timothy." In hts portraitures he exhibits keen insight into-^iuaian nature, his analysis of character being unrivalled in accuracy ot detail and fidelity to nature. His style is pure aud elevated, his language clear and forcible. On Dangerous Ground; or Agatha's Friend ship. A Romance of American Society. By Mrs. Bloomfield H. Moore. Pniladelpbia: Porter and Coates. New Orleans: R. G. Eyrich. This is the sixteenth volume of Porter and Coates' " International Series cf new ap proved authors," neatly bound in smooth lead colored linen, with black stamping*. Mrs. Moore has published numerous light and graceful, but short, fugitive stories under the nom de plume of " Clara Morton. " The pres ent number is, howtver, we believe, her first •»♦.tempt at the more elaborate novel. Hart, in his "Female Prose Writers of America," speak* of her "wide observation of tbe female heart," her "skill in managing incidents," etc., ranking her high among the popular authors of the flay. The present story is one of every-day life—a chapter from the great Book ot Nature, which will be read with in tense interest. The "dangerous ground" which Agatha trod, the pitfalls of which she barely missed, is that mystic rbalm so often - ---------- <1re6m ©u of, but so rarely reached in safety— t Platonic Love. - - Wb "* earne d popularity. ! -- ' Why We Laugh. The Squire's Legacy. A Novel. By Mary Cecil H-y. New Y-^rk: Harper A Brothers. New Orleans: R. G. Eyrich. The readers of •• Old Myddelton's Monev." "Victor and Vanquished," eto., will gladly welcome another novel from tho same grace ful pen. Hsr writings are characterized by purity of seutiment, bsau-y aud force of ex pression, and high and elevated moral tone, ider chatacters, too, are always vigorously de l' 0641 *"! "ml fiuelycenttasted, and the inter ^ s ' lst ained to tbe very last page. "The Squire's Leg icy " will only add to the author's By S imuel S. Cox, au'hor I of "Buckeye Abroad." "Egbt Years in Congress," ete.fcNew York: Harper A Bros. , New Orleans: R. G. Eyrich. An elaborate essay, proiasely illustrated * with appropriate anecdote, sparkling with ot wit, setting forth the philosophy of humor— physical, mental aud moral. It deals with humor in general, American humor in par ticular, and legislative humor especially, aa that Bpeoies with which the author, from his long experience in Congress, is most familiar. Legislative retort and repartee, chit-ohat, per sonalities, localities, epigram argument, irony, burlesque, furnish the great body of illustra tion of American humor. Ben Hardin, Tom Corwin and J. Prootor Knott afford a delight ful chapter of Congressional humor, while the last chapter, " Classic Humor, a Homeric Sndy," forms a fitting finale to tbis most charming volume, which should be found on every center-table. Jonathan. A novel. By C. C. Fraser Tytler, Author of "Mi-tress Judith" etc. New York : Henry Holt A Co. New Orleans : R. G. Eyrich. A fenderly-toid heart history, pervaded by a spirit of pathos and tears, is this simple tala of village life, this drama of the people. The author has visited the humble oottagfs of the Britmit laborer, depicting rural society and rnralcbaracter with rare fidelity to trnth and nature, finding there the elements of tragedy as real and as grand as the more ostentatious ly displayed psychological vicissitudes of the high born aud tbe cultivated. " Jonathan" is not what would be termed a brilliant story ; it is rather a carefal study, full of beanty and pathos, r^nindiog the reader of Mrs. Gas kill's perfect stories. Barnes's Notes. James, Peter, John, and Jude. By Albert Birnes. Revised Edition. New York: Harper A Bros. New Orleans: R G Eyrich. The Harpers are issuing a revised edi'ion of "Barnes's Notes," a time-honored com pendium, familiar source of information to every Sabbath school teacher or Bible class scholar. Commendation of tbis standard authority is uncalled for on onr park Passages from the American Note Books of Nathaniel Hiwthorae, (2 vols.) Boston: James R. O-good A Co. New Orleans: B. G. Eyiicli. These books belong to the new and justly popular illustrated library edition of this great author's works, and independent of their great intrinsic merit as literary produc tions are models of neatness and elegance. Tnese volumes contain the thoughts sod fancies of the gifted author as he traveled through the many scenes of grandeur and of beanty which abound in bis own Ameriea, and are thus possessed of great interest and; vaille both as gems from the pen of a genius and pictures of home life and scenery. YOUNG 'LYSsES'S MISTAKE. a ring conference at the white house dis turbed BY THE PRESENCE OF THE POLTK DEMOCRATIC SENATOR SAULSBUBY, OF DELA WARE. [Washington Cor. New Yoik Sun.] A few days ago the President wished to talk over in an informal manner, with the ring thieves and their Congressional backers, some matters of importance to his house hold. The President's realjestute speculations, Gen. Babcock's connection with the improve ment of certain public reservations, and Hal let: KUbouru's imprisonment for not pro ducing bis private books» exposing Grant's connection with tbe real estaii pool, all re quired friendly conversation. The Private Secretary of the President, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., was handed by his father a list of the persons to be summoned to the Presidential dinner-table. Later in the day be went to tbe Capitol aud personally presented the President's compliments, with the request that each person waited upon would be at tbe White House to dinner that evening. Gen. Garfield was among the first called upon. Then, looking over the list, he saw the prefix Sen., wbioh be thought meant Senator, and the angular writing of tbe Pres ident led him to read tbe line as Benator Saulsbury. To that venerable and gentle Senator from Delaware tbe young Ulysses presented bis father's compliments and re quested him to be at the White House promp iy at 7 o'clock that evening. At the appointed hour the guests were all ,in attendance. No one wastso bland and po lite as Senator Sauisbury. The President saw the mistake, but it was useless to attempt to correct it then. Garfield wa* consulted, and having had large experience in "siting out'' intruders at late hours, he recommend ed that the invited gnests, except Saulsbury, be requested to linger at the table, and per haps the Democratic Senator would discover his awkward presence amid an assemblage of Republican Congressmen and Senators. Bat be did not, and remained nntil so late an hour that the President gave np in despair and intimated that he wished to retire. Now the Senator who should have been in vited instead of Mr. Saulsbury everybody knows was Senator Sargent of California. Garfield in tbe House and Sargent in the Senate are the defenders of Boss Shepherd, the real estate pool, and all the other profita ble rascalities which have cursed the District ior six years past. Yonng Uiyeses was up braided for having made tbe mistake, and de fended bis action on tbe ground that be was not familiar with his fatner's handwriting, and did not know who his ring friends were. The Only iinporfauce of Disqualification. With any* other man President, tbe dia quali fication of .Gen. Belknap would seem to be about as unimportant as a decree that a dead man should not come to life. But the txperietce of the past shows that it is differ ent with Gen. Grant. Who knows that within a short time Bel knap would not be appointed a Jndge of tbe Court of Claims, or nominated for Minister to England or Chief Justice of the Snpreme Coart. It is certain that when Belknap resigned a worse isan was temporarily put in bis plaoe ; and what do we know about what Grant would do with Belknap? It may be said the Senate would not confirm him. But after the con firmation of Billings, this supposition will not hold. Besides, he might be appointed during the recess of the Senate, or made private Sec retary to the President, which requires no confirmation. It any one is inclined to scout this sugges tion es ridiculous, we seriously put the ques tion: Has not Gen. Grant made important appointments notoriously just as bad?— N. Y. Sun. The History of American Gift Taking. Scruggs is his name. He was out represent ative at Colombia, and was appointed'arbitra tor to settle a diplomatic question involving claims of British subjects. He decided in favor of the British claimants, and for his kind Less Q teen Victoria wishes to present the aforesaid Scruggs with a silver inkstand. Poor Scruggs wants the silver evidence of hts arbitration, and the Senate said he could accept it ; bat tbe House Committee on For eign Affairs, through Mr. Faulkner, of West Virginia, Friday, defeated the bill giving him the privilege. Mr. Faulkner made oiw ot the most interesting speeches of the ses sion, relating the history of these efforts to enrich faithful servants for doing their duty. The first case was in 1798 with Thomas Pinckney, which was refund by Congress. The next was the ofiLr ot the Creek Indiins to present to Andrew Jackson a strip of land in 1M1J That, too, wa* refused. Forty yean passed, when M. F. Maury, the celebrated scientist, was permitted to receive from the King of Sweden a gold medal. Since then there is no tailing how many persons have bean enriched by foreign presents. Mr. Faulkner said it was time that this system of corruption should end, and hi» motion to in definitely postpone the Senate bill was unani mously carried.— Exchange.