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1 J J J J. fl J BULLETIN. VOLUME III— NO. 632. NEW ORLEANS, THURSDAY, MARCH 30, 1876. •PRICE—FIVE CENTS. WALLACE], ÇABY & CO., IMPOETE RS and JOBBERS -OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS CORNER OF Common and Magazine Street», INVITE THE ATTENTION OF THE TRADE TO THEIR EXTENSIVE AND COM PLETE ASSORTMENT OF DBY GOODS DRESS GOODS HOSIERY and NOTIONS, NOW OPENING AND BEING RECEIVE D.BY EVERY STEAMER. LIBERAL TERMS TO ALL. SPECIAL INDUCEMENTS TO CASH BUYERS. mil20 lw lstp WALTER E. HEPP, IMPORTER OF iriHBfi AND LIQUOB S, mh 96 3t No. 10t Gravier street. HANTS. WANTS inserted in this column at FIFTY OKNTS per square. W ANTED-A GIRL TO TAKE CHARGE OF childien and make her»elf generally useful. Apply at 464 Dryade« stieet. W ANTED—TO SELL A GROCERY AND TWO Bar Rooms attached, with Fine Fixtures, will 1 m a eld for one-fourth cost of fixtures on ancount of departure. App y immediately at No. 411 Julia afreet, corner Magnolia. _ mh29 it* W ANTED—A COL jRED GIRL ABOUT 12 OR 13 years old, to nurse. Apply at 171 St. Andrew afreet, between Constance and Laurel. inh' 2 !) tf W ANTED-A YOUNG GIRL BETWEEN THE ages of twelve and sixteen, to assist iu house 'Work and make herself generally useful. Address IT a. R., Bulletin office, stating name and residence. mh29 _____ W ANTED—A YOUNG WOMAN AB 1 E TO work on Sewing Machii.e. do plain sewing and aaHat in housework. Address Car, stating wages and residence. mh23* W ANTED—A GOOD SIZED SECOND-HAND aole leather TRUNK. Must be iu good oondi ffiiM and cheap. Address " Trunk," Bulletiu office. aüilß tf __ W ANTED—OCCUPANTS FOR WELL FUR nished rooms, m a house centrally and agree MMj located. One is a front room with gallery, and there ate two others adjoining. Price moderate. Prilpte family. A pply at 73 Ram part street, mh.ltf T WO CHARMING LITTLE COTTAGES wanted to rent—The one with three and the ■ with four fine rooms and unusual conveniences iW three who ehaae to do their own housework. Bath h.ra.se« have floe flower gardens in front and ■aed yards iu the rear. To those who are able and Sun-» to pay their reut in advance, to the amount •f 916 per month, are invited to take the Common or Qhpd street <urs. which pass every five minutes, and taoklaat No >.90 and 94 Bolivar street, near Com ' apply to E. WOOD PERRY, at 96 Bolivar Fid end tf W ANTED—PURCHASERS FOR EGt-S FROM the following varieties of chickens: Partridge fWMn (3 per dozen; Buff Cochin, 93 per dozen; White Leghorn, 92 9u per dozen. The a ore chick «■a have Been selected wita a view of having the Mat perfect birds and for their egg producing •nullties. For particulars, address F. C., Bulletin 2 bm. d28 tf wrANTED_Some three or four nice Families can HT he accommodated with fine Furnished Rooms Bd the beet of Board at 149 St. Charles street, nearly ■point" Lafayette Square Also some twenty-five p ttdrty day BoardPM will be taken at four dollars ■r week, payable in advance. This is a great redne « from former prices. The house is first-class, to nonain the city. None need apply but the ndople. Remember 149 St. Charles street W ANTED—SecondBami uarrtages ana nuggu any one having such and wishing to dispose MkM can find roady sale for the same by calling L x. MADDUX, 35 Carondelet street, dealer la car rayl4 of en ir ind examine the latest novelty out called the JAPANESE! CHILD'S CARRIAGE AND JURA »■M"« ____ wnrawrftl—50.000 Ladies and Sentlemen^to eal TV and examine " '* HÉ **— ss. __exhibition and for aale by L. T. MAI) 35 Carondelet street au29 tf JPERSONAjL. __ [FORMATION WANTED - OF JOSEPH YaTES, a native of Chester, England. He was ; heard from in New Orleans, in 1865. Anything oeraing him will be thankfully recel red. n e will n something to his advantage by addressing 3. M. OUGHTON, care of Mr. S. Taj lor, St ma Plantation, Donaldson ville Boot Office. La. Cher papers please cop y._ _ _mh2 9 2t* OR SALE-AN EXCELLENT HARNESS Hone, suitable for a family or doctor. Will be 1 i for immediately at No. 150 Car mh29 It* 1 cheap if applied i Mot afreet. IB SALE—AT A VERY GREAT BARGAIN— 1 he new and comfortable Frame Cottage, form he oomer of Penlston and Coliseum streets—«ra ng six rooms, gas throughout-on two lota of nd. measuring 64x126 fret, highly ornamented shrubbery, Howeis, etc. This is a desirable » for a small fonrly and can be bought very low ipîying at once to H. M. ROBINSON, 73 Caron afreet mh'9 3t POLITICAL.. ____ Central Executive Cemmlttee, ooratio Conservatlvs Party. Few Orloana _There will be a meeting er the Central iutive Commlttoe of the Democratic Coo"^ nar y of the »tote of Looidsna on THURS r AmîI 20. UN, for tee tianssetioa of general i^Every nïember ef the committee I* eain lea *-,.iyL r. W. PATTON, ^ PreefoeatO rnfrnl Execu.lve unfry papers will pleeee copy. mh25tapl ON DIT. ____Wake up, Uncle Sam, (hose greasers over on tho Bio Grande demand your atten tion. _____Inasmuch as present indications point to a probable overflow of the Mississippi, we trust the proper parties will give their serious attention to the condition of our levees. ... .There are still a cumber of bills in the E reçut ive office awaiting the signature of the Governor. Among them is the City Paving bill, which will, it is probable, be signed to day. ....Gov. Kellogg slated yesterday that he did not feel at all bad about 'he decision in the Grant parish c.-ts?, and thicks the party all right notwithstanding it. Ho did not look vary happy though while be was saying it, and his hearers left with tho impression that he did not mean it. ... .The cases of the State vs. James Wood and W. F. Dunham are the only cases fired for trial on Thursday in tho Superior Criminal Court. James Wood is charged with two cases of perjury. Jame3 Wood aud W. F. Dunham are charged with three oases of forgery. ____Dr. White, President of the Board of Health, had a long interview with G„v. Kel logg at his (the Governor's) residence, last night, relative to the financial condition of the board. He asked that the the board be given the cffic?s of Eegister of Births, Deaths aud Marriages, and the inspection of meat. The Governor expressed himself as being desirous of doing all in his power, and said he would ascertain just how far he coaid proceed. ____The principal topic of conversation around the Custom-House for the last few days amongst the Radicals, has been the de cision of the United S:ates Supreme Court in the Grant parish case. Backwith has been bifieg his fingers aud twirling his moustache over the flaws found in the indictment he drew up, and the bloody phrases of hiB speech to the jury come back to taunt him about what he didn't accomplish. Beckwith still differs from the Supreme Court, and we pity the Supreme Court With that peculiarly remarkable persistence for which that tribu nal is noted, they aolually refused to take Beckwith's views on the Enfoictment act, and thus showed their ignorance of law. Chief Justice Waite must be investigated, and that, too, speedily_ ■ The Young Ladies' Journal, St. Nicholas for April and all the latest and best periodi cals can be found on Stanb's counter to day, at Goldthwaite's bookstore, No. 69 Canal street _ The Baltimore Gazette says the Bepublican party is meanly endeavoring to shove the whole responsibility of the War Department corruptions npon a woman, Mrs. Belknap, and asks: Was it a woman that dragged Mac Donald down, and Joyce and Babcock and Shepherd and Orville and Williams? Is it really trne that the Republican party is now ran and controlled by women, and dishonest women at that ? Gas the great party of moral ideas come to this ? Spring Fashions. — The clear, beautiful w:-aher of yesterday, added to the established popularity of Mrs. 8. Liberman, attracted to her fashion parlors, No. 200 Canal street, throngs of our most critical and appreciative ladies, and among them all nothing but the highest praise of the goods displayed was heard. French hats and bonnets, direct from the leading houses of Paris, ribbons, flowers and other elegant trimmings received their dne share of admiration ; while the elegant dresses —for Mrs. Liberman is acknowledged to be au fait in dresB making—seemed to be the center of attraction to all lady visitors. Those who were unable to call yesterday should oertainly do so to-day or during the week. The Chicago Tribune advises the friends of Senator Thurman to wait a few days, and they will hear something drop. No use to wait, they hear something drop every day; but all the trees that fall are in the Radical forest.— SL Louis Times. The name of Mr. Matt Carpenter, whilom Senator from Wisconsin, appears among the list of those who are connected with the pur chase and sale of post tradership's. Is this thing like Tennyson's brook, to run on for ever?— St. Louis Times. The hardest thing the Republicans have to say against Belknap is that he was a Demo crat once. We believe nearly all the Repub lican thieves and bribe-takers were once Dem ocrats, but Republican corruption was too strong for their honesty, and they fell to the level of their new found faith. Belknap was a good Democrat, but is a much belter Re publican. Democracy survives his loss; Re publicanism is dying of the gain. — Ouachita Telegraph. _ The Wheeler exploring party carries with it a photographer, whose business it is to take views of striking landscapes and other ob jects of interest in the localities they traverse. Some of these views are very striking and beantifal A number of them have been ex pensively monnted, and one hundred and ten volumes of them bound up for the use of the Secretary of War. The volumes are bound in half Turkey, and cost for binding alone $1296, and were distributed to the Secretary's private friends. All that, sayB the Nashville Ameri can, is the way the public money goes.— Savannah News. _ i _ The same clap-trap which was employed in electing Grant is reproduced by the Republi can journals to shield the rasoally officials who are now in danger of punishment, and to re-elect another incompetent and dishonest administration. Their cae is to «bine about calumny and detraction as often as a theft is discovered, and to appeal to the sym pathies of such of their readers as are stnpid enough to take in whatever is written in be half of a member of the party. Here is a sample of the campaign whine—the same drivel that was used so effectively in 1872: "It is easy to see that the coming summer and fall will witness an era of detraction and calumny in this country, such as never was witnessed by the American citizen. It has been deliberately and systematically arranged by the Democratic leaders with the sole aim of securing political victory." — Courier Journal ________ Don't miss it. „.One coupon can The 8eoond Win a Prize Golden Drawing In Gold Com, April 29ih. April 29th. Tall Oaks from Little Acorns Grow. Tall Oaxb fbox Little Acobns Grow. 9100,000 Capital Prize. One Chance in Six 3580 prise«—$502,500. To win a Frize. Tickets only **>. Coupons in proportion. POLITICAL TALK. There wa3 very little doing in the political line AT THE STATE HOUSE Wednesday morning. The Funding Board met and immediately went into executive session, to decide on the eight per cent levee bonds. After a session of two hours' duration the doors were opened, and it was announced that the board had decided to fund the levee eight per cent bonds of the issue passed upon by the Supreme Court. The board had before them applica'ions for the funding of over a million dollars of bonds. Over $900,000 were passed. The resignation of Mr. Albert Baldwin as a member of the board was received and ac cepted, and a resolution cf thanks for ser vices rendered was adopted. The board then adjonrned to meet at 12 o'clock tc-Jav, when it is probable that the successor of Mr. Bald*in will be elected. Mr. J. H. Oglesby, Fiscal Agent, is spoken of as his snooessor, and will no doubt be elected. The deoision of the Supreme Court of the United States, in . THE GEANT PAEISH CASE has completely demoralized the faithful The leaders say very little but they look gloomy and despondent The Conservatives are of course very happy over it and look upon it as a triumph of the principle of State righ's. Mr. Wm. R. Whitaker, who drow up the motion in arrest of judgment on which the decision of Judge Bradley was made, is every where congratulated, and no man has ever be fore had snch a hand-shaking as he daily re ceives. Signor de la Barrera, the n9w Spanish Con sul at this port, waited upon Gov. Kellogg yesterday, accompanied by D in Carlos Pie, the retiring Consul, and was officially recog nized in his diplomatic capacity. Messrs. Landry, Burke and Bertoli, the committee appointed by the City Council to wait upon the Governor, and request his signature to a bill passed by the last Legisla ture, with regard to street paving, visited the State-House yesterday, but the Funding Board being in session, the Governor was un able to receive them. An appointment was, however, made with them for to-day at 11 o'clock. f IN CAUCUS. A Pow-Wow Over the Baton Rouge Affair. Marshal Packard's office was overran Wed nesday morning by Burch and his followers, who were lounging around the rffice and hall way of the Custom-House. They did a good deal of talking, aud seemed to know all about affairs in Baton Rouge. Some of them en tered the Marshal's private office and re mained there for a considerable length of time, disenssing matters and petting their heads together. The result of the interview is not known, but, at all events, they talked a great deal, and before they leit became very boiste rous. It is probable an attempt will be made to get up another howl over the Davis affair. FATAL ACCIDENT. A Colored Child Burned to Death. A colored woman named Lizzie Hnnter, re siding on Erato, between Claiborne and Wil low streets, left her domicile about 8 o'clock Wednesday morning on an errand, and left her daughter, a child five years old, named Frances, in the room. Shortly after her de parture the ne ghbnrs in the vicinity were at tracted to the honse by the loud cries of the unfortunate child, and together with several citizens who were passing by at the time, rnshed into the house and found the child lying on the floor of the room almost burned to a crisp. The fire was burning in the grate, and it is presumed that the girl must have been play ing with the fire when her clothes became ig nited and she fell to the ground fatally burned. Dr. Petit wa3 immediately sum moned and did all in his power to save her life, but without avail. She lingered until about noon, Wednesday, when she breathed her last. Coroner Chastant held an inquest, and the jury rendered a verdict of accidental death.__ ~GenTKilpatrick writes to the New York Times: "I said Gen. Butterfield wrote me a letter offering $20,000 for the collectorship of the port of New York. He denies it. Let the committee summon me." That's plain and to the point. Let ns hear from KiL The Diplomatic Appropriation bill which has passed the Honse, and which is not likely to pass the Senate, proposes, by cutting down salaries and dispensing with all purely orna mental consulates, to rednoe the cost of onr foreign relations service about one- third, or nearly half a million annually. Through this and other redactions, the Democrats have been aiming to effect an aggregate retrench ment of $8,000,009 annually in the expenses of the government The Republicans, how ever, are venturing to take issue on this ques of economy. Their real animus is aversion to measures originating with the Democrats, but their ostensible argument in regard to the diploma tic and consular servioe is that the dignity of the nation forbids any catting down. When the proposition was discussed in the House, as it was very thoroughly, its feasibility and wisdom were oleariy shown, the State corres pondence was overhauled to see what our public servants abroad were really doing, and the ntter uselessness and vanity of some of the offioes were so clearly exhibited that this branch of the public service became a subject of much ridicule and sarcasm.— Galveston News. _ Improving one's time—Mending the olock. CROOKED NOTES. Down at the Granite Building. The spectacular drama going on in the crooked whisky business drew a fnll house on Wednesday morning, the lobby being jammed with an eager lot of visitors. After the opening of the coart, J. D. Rouse, Esq., said that the minutes of the previous day in correctly stated that John McWhorter had entered a plea of "not guilty." He desired that the mistake of the clerk might be reme died, and asked to have the minutes cor rected. Judge Woods so ordered. Mr. Rouse then stated that there were a number present in the court-room awaiting an opportunity to file their pleas, when the Dis trict Attorney said he was ready to hear from them. Thereupon, Messrs. Jos. P. Hornor and Boose, representing a number of those indicted, filed a special plea to the indict ment. The plea sets forth that two of the Grand Jury were incompetent; that H. B. Stevens had aided and abetted the late insurrection of the Southern States in that he was a mem ber of the Crescent Regiment, C. S. A., and farther, that Austin Roundtree, another grand juryman, was a member of the Orleans Light Horse, the body guard of the late Gen. Leon dias Polk. For these reasons the defendants asked that the indictments be quashed. Another start has been given to the crooked by the arrival here of the Assistant Attorney General of the United States, Mr. Blair, who reached here yesterday. Whether his mis sion here is for the purpose of aiding in the proseoation of the whisky cases or not is un known, but this visit seems somewhat unu sual. , Thire is a dispute now going on between the attorneys of those indicted ander the con spiracy clause and the Internal Revenue agents, relative to the books of distilleries already seized. Gen. Sheldon has been anxions to obtain possession of the books of Ferenbach, bat the special agents hesitate about turning them over. The Grand Jury were given another vaca tion after the roll had been called, and from these repeated recesses, it is evident the work is nearly over._ SENATOR SPENCER. * The Investigation at Washington We were entertained Wednesday morning by J. P. South worth, Esq , United States Commissioner, with the details of his testimo ny given' lately in the celebrated Spencer case before Congress. Mr. Sonthworth has just returned from Washington, whither he was summoned to testify before the committee investigating the case of Gao. E. Spencer, Senator from Ala bama. Mr. Sonthworth states that our Associated Press dispatohes have given but a feeble out line of what was shown before the committee. He says that the witness, J. J. Moulton, who is now Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue in Alabama, contradicted in toto bis entire ev idence as taken before the committee of the State Legislature. He showed that Speneer and his man Friday," one J. J. Bine, had deposited in bond, about November 23, over $13,000, and that between that time and the day of the election, December 3, it was disbursed in sums of $50 and $75 to members of the Legislature. The cheoks were produced by the tellers of the banks, with Spencer's and Hines's indorse ment. Mr. Sonthworth states that the evidence was almost direct as to the corruption of Spencer. ___ Why mnst the letter "d''*be the most won derfnl letter in the world ? Because it is the 06 nter of "wonders." There are ten widowers in the United States Senate. When they pass the Treasury build ing they hear musical murmurs of "So noble looking," " Such a boyish walk." Senator Morton, having observed that " the Democratic party have no capital but scandal and they live on garbage," a wicked New Eng land newspaper pertinently inquires : " Where do they get they get the garbage, Senator ?" Belknap so loved the living soldiers that he tried to prevent them from spending their money foolishly, by compelling post traders to charge them double prices for everything they wanted to bay. He so loved tbe dead ones, that he permitted his contractor to ab breviate the names and rank on their tomb stones, so that the recording angel should have as little spelling as possible to do.—St. Ijouis Times. _ Let every farmer read tbe advertisement in this paper, of " Chufaa and Japan Peas." If one half that is claimed for these crops by the best authorities be true, they are indeed a godsend to the South. _ Advertisements intheWantandRcnt column in the Bulletin, not exceeding one square, inserted for fifty cents each. operty, and to that end a resolution was opted increasing the committee to nine One Mobe Investigation —i'ne Committee on Expenditures of the Treasury Department proposes to en'er into an elaborate investiga tion of the bureau in tbe department which has charge of captored and abandoned proi adopti members, and authorizing them to send for persons and 'papers. This bureau has been charged with a deal of corruption .—Savannah News. There is bat one thing to be done with a treè which bears snch fruit as Credit Mobil ier^ salary grabs, whisky rings, army lings, navy rings, Boos Shepherds, Babcocks, Wil liamses, Creaswells, Robesons, Balknapa. It is a clear case for laying the axe at the roots. Pruning and grafting and manuring are a sheer wase of time .—Spingfltld Republican. Candidates for the Presidency who wish to "have themselves immortalized in this column are requested to tarnish references. We do not choose to ran the risk of sooepting nomi nations from candidates who write in a dis guised hand or under an assumed name. This rale will admit of no exception.— N. T. World. [Communicated. ] THE MAYOR'* VETO. Mayor Leeds is a very respectable citizen and prompt taxpayer, bat, as a lawyer, it is no disparagement of him to add that his nr re active, and perhaps more useful avocations have not given him the leisure required lor the mastery and lull com prehension of legal questions. It is to this fact that we owe the lufelicity of his argument and citations against the validity of the fox authorized by the Legislature to be imposed upon tbe people of this city by their own vote in favor of tbe New Orleans Pacific Railroad. Assuming that a corporation created by (he people, and of which the tax-payers are to be the corporators, and which has been granted certain pnblio powers lor the publio benefit, is a private corporation for private gain, he refers to the case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States, and reported in 20 Wallace, oi the Loan Association vs. To peka. Ttis was the oase of an appropriation by a City Council of boads in aid of a commercial or manufacturing enterprise for individual interests and personal purposes of profit and gain—to furnish the capital for a private ad venture. The Supreme Court in deciding whether the Legislature had the pa wer to authorize taxation for snch purposes, distinct ly declared that taxation for railroads was not of the oharaoter of that demanded by tho plaintiff in that sait. That high tribunal said, referring to the discussions on this sub ject: " It is quite true that a decided preponder ance of authority is to be found in favor of the proposition that the Legislatures of tbe States, unless restricted by some special provisions of their constitutions, muv confer npon these mnnioipal bodies the right to take stock in corporations created to bnild railroads, and to lend their credit to such corporations ; also, to levy the neoessary taxes on the inhabitants and on property within their limits subject to general taxation, to enable them to pay ihe debts thus incurred. "Tbe oonrt then proceeded to show that the tax thus imposed was held valid because it was levied for a pnblio use or object which it was the right and the duty of State govern ments to assist by money raised from the people by taxation ; that roads, canals, bridges, navigable streams, and all other highways had in all times been matters of pnblio oon corn. That such channels of travel and of the carrying busine s had always been estab lished, improved and regulated by the State, and that the railroad had not lost this oharao ter because constructed by individual enter prise aggregated into a corporation." There are other characteristics of a publio nature conferred on these corporations, snoh as tbe power to obtain right of way, their subjection to the laws which govern common oarriers, and the like. " It is conceded that when the purpose for which the tax was to be issued, could no longer be just y claimed to have this pnblio oharaoter, bat was purely in aid cf private or personal objects, the law au thorizing it was beyond tbe legislative power, and was an unantborized invasion of private rights." There is much more to the same pnrpose in this decision. For onr worthy Mayor to rest on this de oision in fivor of his extraordinary proposi tion that tbe New Or eanS Pacific Railway is a private association for individnal profit and gain, affords another illustration of the old maxim that every man should stick to his trade,and that his Honor in adjudicating legal questions, with such able attorneys by his side, incurs as great a risk of burning his hands as thon able city counselors, Messrs. Jonas and Blano, would if they were to go to his Honor's foundry, and while Archie Mitchell was immersed in the stndy of Adam Smith, attempt to cast a plowshare or a shaft for a steamboat Even without this legal authority, relying on his own good sense and knowledge, Mayor Leeds could not possibly have reached the conclusion that a railway company, organized as the New Orleans Pacific is, was a private corporation, created for individnal gain. He knows to the contrary, and if he did not, the very object and tenor of the act he seeks to defeat would have corrected his ignorance. That act has in view to interest the whole tax paying people, who compose " the pnblio," in the profit of the road, and thus prevent the corporation from being made a private on^for individnal gain. The franchises and propjfety of the oompany would, therefore, be as muon publio property as any of -the buildings or oiher property purchased with the taxis of the people, and dedicated to pnblio use. Having disposed of this, the leading legal proposition of his Honor, his veto message next descends to the very small—we were near saying pneriie one—that the set of the Legislature provides no means for taking the vote of the people on the ordinance. It his Honor is serious iu this that the City Council can not legally defray the expenses of an election which the Legislature directs to be held, we think that his scruples can be easily satisfied by his holding the election without paying the expenses, which wonld be alike praolical and severely economical. His Honor next maintains, bat does not trouble himself to elaborate or cite authori ties thereto, that the public character of this corporation, for whioh the people may be taxed, requires that it should bring its road into the city immediately, and that the people have no right to tax themselves for a r diroad, how valuable and important soever it may be, to their welfare and interest, which is located at a distance from the eity. No reason is assigned for this purely topographical destina tion. If the people can tax themselves for a railroad we presame that they will hardly be denied the right of locating that road where it will do most good. Certainly there is no snch distinction recognized in any judicial decisions we ever heard of The misapplication by his Honor of the con stitutional requirement that taxation shall be equal and uniform throughout the State, is too obvious for comment. It is a perversion to say that this danse prohibits a State tax ex oept upon the whole State. The clause, as has been a hundred times interpreted by all tbe courts, means simply that among all per sons subject to taxation the tax shall be equal and uniform. It doesn't mean that the whole State shall be taxed alike, and that local, parish and district taxation are nnoonstitn tional; only that the people so taxed shall bear a like burden. Nor is it a State tax, bat a local tax for the particular sections for whose benefit the tax is imposed. Tbe point of his Honor, based on the title of the bill, that the act itself levies the tax, whereas the title only authorizes a tax to be levied, is quite too nice, not to say "thio," for ordinary comprehension. We do not see how a tax can be levied by an act of the Legisla ture. That act is usually a practical, we may say a manna!, g ne whioh an act of the Legis lature may authorize some one to do, bat ooald hardly do per se. We imagine that the collectors and attorneys will be found neoes sary to perform this fonction, and to bo authorized Ihereunto. Next his Honor ascends to high ground of representative authority and dignity. He as sumes that the people have transferred, to onr city Administrators the exoinaive and absolute power of taxing them, and it ia a great wrong and indignity to their "mnnioipal mighti nesses" for their constituents to resume this power end undertake to tax themselves with out the consent of their agents. " Taxation without representation" hau hi t he r to be« re re garded a cardinal vice of the tyranny which onr ancestors supposed they bad effectually extirpated in this oountry a hundred years ago. But onr Mayor evolves a new and somewhat an tagonistic idea that taxation by the people, with prssentation- by their own direct vote—is tha greater wrong and oppression. How ms Honor can reconcile this proposition with tin se pre ceding it denying to nha representatives the authority to impose this tax, is somewhat puz zling. The usual Republican idea has been that what powers were not conferred on the government were Preserved by i he peoplo. The people are sovereign, bnt the representatives, agenls. Tho former have all po wers which the latter have, and a great deal more. Their representatives, Federal, State and municipal, are mere mandatories to carry out their wilL The Mayor's ether objections to carrying out the mandate of the Legislature, which re presents the sovereign power oi tha State, are not of a very serious character. The limitation of the city debt by the con stitutional amendment is not infringed by this aot, as it does not propose to increase tbe debt A special tax for a work ot great neces sity and utility does not necessarily, under this law, involve an increase of the debt of the oity. If it required the ibsue cf bonds it might be regarded otherwise. But this ia not proposed. The tax is to be invested for the benefit of the payers. It does not add a dollar to the rity'sin debtness. It does not subtract a dollar from other appropriations. It may induce onr City Administrators to reduce the sum of these appropriations to other not so necessary and important objeots. We hardly imigine that the people will lament snoh reduction. The debt of the State will remain the same. The poople have only given a different, and perhaps wiser direction to their contributions. The premium bond aot is a eontnet, doubt less, and ample provision has been made to cany it oak No one proposes to violate or impair that oontraot No oonrt would regard the eity as bound by that to m.ke no other oontraets. As long as it is not proposed to use the fund appropriated to meet tho engage ment of that contract, there can be no pre text that the conditions thereof are violated, or the rights thereunder impaired. The concluding reasons of his Honor •gainst this tax have already been answered. The poverty of the people, the grievous na ture of their present burdens, admonish ns of the nnprodnotive oharaoter of the application of the revenues derived from taxation. It is believed that if an other direction was giveo to these revenues, there would oome a great relief of these har dens. With a railroad to Texas we believe that an immediate advance in the value of property and of general prosperity would oc cur, which wonld render onr present burden lighter. Tbe flight of oapital, the unem ployed labor and the paralyzed trade so pathetically described by Mayor Leeds, are mainly doe to the diversion of trade, whioh oan only be arrested by tbe early completion of this road, and this oan not be accomplished save by the tex whioh it is now proposed the people shall impose on themselves, with or without the oonaent of their mnnioipal reprä sentativen. Mayor Leads' invitation to the Council, to resist the aet of the Législature and make the eonstitntional issues which he has set forth, in a return to a mandamus, is not good legal counsel. Every lawyer will tell onr city Ad ministrators that the right to make snoh issues exists in every taxpayer ; bat few will advise that the oity Administrators should pat themselves in front of tbe people and un dertake to defeat and obstruct their will. Let the people determine snoh questions for them selves, and let the Administrators, who are the creatures of the Legislature, obey it» mandate and suffer the vox populi to be ex pressed. If that vox populi infringes tha righto of any, or violates tbe fundamental law, the oonrto oan be appealed to, and ample I« against the many." protection secured for " the rights of the few For the present it is no part of the mandate or authority of the Administrators to inter pose themselvae between the people and the jadioial department The people will set up their own pleas end eonduot their own oases. They have oertainly not retained the Adminis trators as their lawyers in this matter. Their (auctions are purely executive and adminis trative, and their powers are derived from acts of the Legislature. One of those acta direeto them to perform a oertain duty. Thejr can make no dignified or legal detense against this mandata They have no discretion, least of all the high jadioial discretion of adjudi cating questions of constitutional law. PoPULUi A Straight Ticket. I Lexington Dispatch. ] The Courier-Journal in the coarse of as editorial ou the approaohing Presidential con test, says: The Democratic party should this year run a straight ticket, and we shall contend for that" We heartily indorse this declaration. Tho Democratic party claims to be a party of prin ciple, and its contests should be waged lot tha establishment of its fundamoctal doctrines in tha administration of the Government. Its candidates for office should therefore be men of conscientious convictions. They should cherish a well defined political faith. The party would be a useless organization were it to abandon principle and resort to mere ex pediencies for the acquisition of power. We have always held, therefore, that Demo cratic nominations for office should be con ferred upon Democrats in spirit no less than otma We can not saiely and wisely go out side of the party for a Presidential ticket this year. Our standard-bearer 1 , while thorough ly imbued with a broad, national spirit, must be Democrats grounded iu the faith that gave life and vigor and glory to the statesmanship of Jefferson and Jackson and Silas Wright. Hence, in the language of the Courier-Journal we repeat : " The Democratic party should this year run a straight ticket, and we shall oontend for that." Correct. " Recent events, culminating in the crime and disgrace of the Secretary of War, the re turn of onr Minister in England ander » charge of swindling, and the deoiaration of tbe Attorney General that be has 'ascertained' the private secretary of tbe President to be a thief of private papers, leave no sensible Re publican in donbt that < there is but one way in which Republican sooo. sa oan be assured in the Presidential election of this year. That way lies in a thorough and rsdioal change of the spirit and oharaoter and tone of adminis tration." So says and so admits Harper's Weekly, and so says the Democracy of all the States. The only core for Radical theft and oorraptioo, "a radios! and thorough change," is a Démocratie victory in November next.— Exchange. ^ ~ t Charles Sumter, when he arraigned Grant tit 1873, said: " It he fraternizes with jobbers Wl Head«* ttoro ia the limit to tbe de moralization that most ensue ? Necessarily to public service takes its character from to elected chief, and the whole country re flects the President H a example ia a law. tint a bad example mnst be corrected as a bad law," A number of people will read that «tract to-day and eonfees its truth, who read it with hot indignation when ii was uttered, and denounced tho man who spoke it mu traitor and a slanderer.— Exchange.