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J. W. BOWIM, DITOt AND ftrHTO- V
MoARTHUR,:iOHIO: Tlitmdar, i January 94, 1SGT Democratic State Ticket. ..; ;. For Governor, - , . AXLES G. TD CRM AN, of Franklin. Fer Lieutenant Governor, ' ' ' DANIEL S. TJHL, of Ilolmes. . For Treasurer, .'" . Dr. C. FULTON, cf Crawford. - ' ": ' For Auditor JOIJN McELWEE, of Butler. , ' 1 For Attorney General, . L ' ' ' FRANK Ft. HURD, of Knox. For Judge of Supreme Court, Judge THOMAS M..KEX, of Hamilton. For Controller of Treasury, t WMILLIAM SHERIDAN, of Williams. . For Board of Public "Works," ARTHUR HTJG HE3, of Cuyahoga. ' To the Democracy of Vinton and Adjoining Counties! ' Through the Influence of many friends I ' .Jiaye established a Democratio newspaper in " McArthur the Dcvoct atic E.nquireb. . , I have been induced to do sa from the fact that such a paper has long been seeded ; and I hope and expect to receive a liberal patron age from the Democracy of Vinton and ad' joining counties! am .not without experi ence in conducting, a paper; and having praetioal .experience as a printer, it will f ;.t my aim to present my readers with a : tUm sheet, advocating the principles of the - party, and readable matter which will ren ' derit a desirable companion for, tie fire- ciide. ' 'There is no longer any reasons for .dig ' sentions among Demecrats. Our Eighth of January. Convention, throwing aside policy and expediency lhos9' barrters and impediments to united action and pros ' perity has returned to the true faith and given us a platform - of principles based upon the teachings of JtrrEasoi and the founders of the Democratic parly, worth y of our- endorsement ani our admiration. To these doctrines will this paper sacredly : adhere and lend its influence in advocating them. While -ever ready t combat for . principle, petty .dissensions and discords . the result of personal feeling will be sttu diomly avoided. Maintaining this course It is expected to increase our strenth, re gain our foothold in county affairs and se cure for the paper the support it shall de erve. Democrats I your patronage' is re spectfully solicited, in aiding .the efforts of the DcMocBATic Enqdikee to bring about these results. Each one has' his duties to perform-. The terms ' of the paper are low U Is as cheap as any paper' can now be published; and it will be the, constant aim of the Editor to render, it both interesting and instructive. Do not stand upon.-the or dr of your subscriptions 1 Send them along and have your friends do the same I The greater your subscription, the more able -will we be to send jou'a good paper. Please let u have, your name at ence ' -I .1 J. W. BOWEN. Democratic State Convention. tion. This body met ty Columbus, Ohio, on.the Morning of the ever' glorious and memor able 8th of January. The number in attend tjanee was not quite so large a s at acme of the-former State Conventions of the gallant Democracy of Ohio, but there was one con- Clnsite fact that the solid men of the Stale were in attdndanoe every county and dis trict being fully represented. ' The - dele gales present from Vinton County, were Dr. H. C. Moore, Hon. A. J. 5taim, .aud' 3on. Arch. Mayo. At 9 o'clock in the morning the districts net in primary meetings at the various ooms selected for them and chose members' f the-various com u Hues. At io o'clock the Convention met, and was called to order by Hon. J. Q. Thompson, Chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee. Dr. f..M. Christian,' of 'Marion county, 'if if chosen temporary Chairman, and A. J. Mallane, of Hamilton, was chosen .Secre 'tary.j;; ' : -;: .:. "' ' ' Committees were next selected'.' This dis trict was represented on the Committee on Credentials by John Rodgers, of Gallia, and on the Committee on Permanent Organization Rules and Order of Business by J. W. New man, of Scioto, . and Commtttee of Resolu tions by I, T. Monahan, of Jaskson, and on Committee to select a State Central Com-, mittee by H. C. Moore, of Jinton.: The Convention then took a recess until 1 . e'elook. Met at 2 o'clock.. ' The Chairman of the Committee on rules and Permanent .Organization, reported as foUows; President Hon. Geo. H. Pendle ton ; Viet rrtsldentHon. John Larwlll, ad ent from each district in the Slate ; Sec retary W. C. Gould, and one ' Assistant roia ea oh district in" the State: " ' ; Oa'UVlng the Chair, Mr. Pendleton made a exaellent speech, which we shall publish la ouraext issue. ; " f- ji Tie next business la order was the nomi nation of a Stat ticket. The tioket noml." sated, will be found ia the proper place in ... . I .L-l tO. I.. tlr lV nhls pP'r.. we ln-nc iuH di el could hive been seieotea. The' following resolutions, were unani mously adopted; ; Y ' '. : . Ectolud, That Ihe Demoorscy of. Ohio steadfastly adheara lo the rrinoiplei of the pary as esponndsd by the Fathers and ap Droved by experience. . That, in nccordanoa wiih these prinoiples, we deolare, that the Federal Government is a Gav(rnmenl of lim ited powers', that it possesses to powers but aucfi as are. .expressly, or by necessary im plication, delegated to it in the Federal Con stitution; that all other powers are rs'erved to the Stat es or the people repaetfully ; tbat a strict construction of the Constitution is indispenaible to the preservation of the reserved rights of the States and the pao pie, that all grants of power to govern ments, whether btate.. or; f ederal,, stiouta oe strictly construed,' because, all such grants abridae the natural rights of men thai the preservation of the equality and rights ot the mates and the rights or the peopie is necessary to the preservation or the union that the Frtleral Government is unfitted to logislate for or administer the local con cerns ol the States; that it would be mon strous Ibattbe local affairs of Ohio should be regulated by a Federal Congress in which she has bnttwo senators, anu tne new land Bfates with but a little greater popula tion, have twelve, that the tendency of Fed eral administration is to usurp the reserved rights of the Rtatos and lo the people; and that, .therefore, a centralisation of power in its bands i's An ever .impending danger, that such an absorption of power would, while it lasted, be destructive of the liber ties and interests of the people. nd would end either in despotism or a disruption of the Union, that a national debt, besides im poverishing fhe people, fosters an undue in crease of the powers of the Federal Govern ment, hat high protective tariffj have a like effect,' sacrificing the interests of the many for the emolument of the few, and plainly vi olating the equity and spirit of the Constitution,- that the collection and disbursement of enormous revenues by the Feder'U- Gov ernment have the same tendency,' besides corrupting the government and' that there fore eoonomy is essential, not only to the prosperity, but also to the liberties of the people, that uuequal taxation, is a plain vio lation of justice, of whioh no government can safely be guilty; that to each State be longs the right- to determine the qualifica tions of its electors, and attempts to impair this right, either by congressional legisla-. tion or constitutional amendments, are uu wise and despotio, that the tendency of power is to steal from the many to the lew, and that thsrefore, eternal vigilance is the price of liberty, that the tendency cf gov ernment is to enlarge its authority by usur pation, and therefore government, needs to be watched," that another of Us tendencies is lo govern too much, unnecessarily and vexa tiously interfering with the business of the people,.', tbat' freedom of speech and of tho press aro essential to the existeno9 of liberty, that no person, not in the military or naval services, or where the civil courts are pre vented by war or insurrection irom exerci sing theirfunctions, can lawfully be deprived of life, liberty or property without process of civil law, that the courts should always be open for the redress of grievances, tit no tz poit' facto law" should dver be maTe, mat in the language of the Supreme Court, "the Constitution of the Unite 1 States is a law for ulers and people equally in war and in peace, and covers with . the shield of its protection all classes of men at all timps and under-all circumstances." No doctrino involving more pernicious consequence was ever invented by tire wit of nan than that of any of its provisions can be suspended during any of the great exigenoies of Gov ernments, such a doctrine leads directly lo anarchy or despotism," that the right of ine people to peacably as setnble and consult upon public affairs is inviolab'e, thai the miliiary should be held in due subjection to the civil power, that wile the mvjority, as prescribed by the Constitution, have the reght to govern, the minority have indefea sible rights and that a frequent recurrenic to nrst principles is essential to the safety and welfare ef the States aud the people. iraeioivea, inai ine Bia:es winch litoiy atsempted to secede are still Stales in the Union and have been recogr.ized as such by every department of, the i Government. Bv a -. n . . . t nti - in. nil v President' Lincoln who, in the midst of. the war, invited them to elect members of. Con grecs. iij. rresiaent jonnson in various proclamations, and official acts. By Con gross, which-permitted Andrew Johnson to set, in the Senate as a Senator 'from Tennes see, by his inaugarajion as ;Viee. President and President of the Senate, and by tho ad mission of members from Virginia, Tennes see and Loursiana to set in the Jlouse of Representatives,' after those States had passed their,' ordinances of . secession aud while the war was , carried on, and which further recognized them as States in the Union by the Congressional Appointment Act providing for their 'due representation in Congress, by various tax laws and es pecially the Direct Tax Aot, by the resolu tions submitting Amendments to the Con, etitution for their approval and by various other acts and resolutions importing the same recognition,' all which were pussed ed since lie attempted ' secession of those States. By the Judio'ary of the United 6tates which holds Federal Courts in all those States,-and especially by tho Supreme Court which entertains jurisdiction of cases coming from them, Which it could not do were tney 'not in the Union.. That being thus in -the Uo4n. tbfy stand in u enu il footing with their sister State; States with unequal rights a ' thing unknown to the tonstitution. Thai by the express terms or the Constitution, each State. is entitled' to two Senators and a due proportion of Rep resentatives in the Contrress. and to vote at all elections of President and Vice Presi - dent. That though these rights are subject io interruption by a slate of civil war be xtinguishedvor in tima of peaca, be so much yun euspenuea, without a plain violation ef the conntihirinn That iu..oni nt three-fourths of all thnHtt. -i.mt. resented in Congress or not, is essential lo the validity - or Conilitutional amendment j That Congress la as power to depriv. a State of It reserved rights and reduce it to 'territorial oondition. That therefore the exclusion by . the so-called ; Congress of all representation from ten Slates, the propose1 exclusion of those Stales ttVn all voice in the next Presidential election, threatened overthrow of their 8tate Governments, and reduction of those States to the condition of territories, are, each and every one ot them unconstitutional, and desnotis measure. A,. structive not merely of the rights of those States, but also of ihe rights of everj other Btate in the Union. That those meaiurts re parts-er tbe plan to nulifythe Constitu lion, virtually overthrow the State Govern meats, to erect a consolidated deer.attam n their ruins, and to establish and perpetrate a tyrannical rule of a miuority over ma jority of. the American ; people. That the people cannot, without a loss of tbeir'libar ties, prosperity .and! honor,' submit to such result, and we. therefor.: In ih hnn th.i the wrning will he heeded, and the danger to oar institutions be peaceably a verted, do , I of the, plan,! to, r I that. It will not te submitted 3. prtolved, That congress is not an ora nirttent, ,law making power. That "the Constitution provides that no bill shall be come a lawiwithoutthe approval of the Fres Went, unless- it be pass&d by two-thirls of each House of Congress. . Thai one of the objicts of the preseut so-called Congress in , ... i!i.,.. i eXClUUinC ion utabvo iimu i rut csuuiM'-i'.'u is to pasi' bills "bv a two thirds- vote which, .... . ... ,i . were ait ine mines reiresenieu, couiu n'Ji so pass, and thus. to vli'tual'y abolish the constitutional provision n, roresaia. i nar. n this precedent be acquiesced in. there will be nothing to prevent a bare majority of Congress., at any time in, the Titure, from nullifying the constitutional veto 6f tits President and usurping uncontrolled legis lative power, by an exclusion of the minority from "their seats. That the exclusion of even a single State migU give the control, and a pretext for push an exclusion would be want ing to an unscrupulous ani revolutionary party. r '..'.- 4. Resolotd, lhat the people, and especially those of Ihtf-n-Kiicultiiril States, have suf fered tod lonir th e exactions of high protec tive tariffs, and, as the representatives of an' agricultural and laboring population we demand that their Biibstnncejhall no longer be extorted from them in order to fill ' the pockets of Eastern monopolists ' '' - 6. lietoh'cd, That unequal taxation is con trary to the firsLpriuciplns of Justice ani sound policy. nnT we oall upon our Gov ernments, Federal and . Sta'es, to use all necessA ry constitutional means to remedy this evil C. Rewloei. That the Radical majority in the so-called Congress have proved Ihera selves to- be in favor of Negro Suffrage by forcinsf it upon the-people of the District of Columbia against their almost unanimous wish solemnly exprossel at the polls, by loroing it upon all Ihe territories in viola tion of tit) Constitution, and by their vari ous devices to coeroe the psople of the South to adopt it. That we ars opposed to Nejro suffrage, believing that it would he proauo tiveof evil to bdtu. whites and blaoks and tend lo produce a disastrous conflict of races. i 7.. Resolved, That for all their efforts to uphold the Constitution, we tender to the President and to the majority of the judges of tho Supreme Court of the United States, our hearty thanks. 8. llisolvei, That we are in favor .of a Domocratio Convention of delegates from all the States, to bo held .fit such lim; and place ns may hereafter bo agresd upon. And hat the Stale Central Commtttoe be authorized to concur with ether proper committees in fixing the tim? and placa. tha', we prefer Louisviile, Kentucky, ns the place. 9. Risohtd, That the Democratio news papers of Oh io deserve an enrn'iU and lib eral support, and that an early and thorough organization of the party is iodespnsible. solemnly warn the advocates Governor's Message. We gW" below t brief abstract of tho message of Governor Cox : ' Tho financial condition of Ilia State is satisfactory. Qo the 15h of November there was ao unexpended balance in the Treasury of S 1,02 1,734 41, after expen- ditutes amounting to neurly seven and a half millions. According to the Audi, tur's estimate tha.hurdcns of taxation lor tho ourr9oi yoi" will fco" tigliitfued neatly $3,000,000, and eMl lcave a bnl ancc, over an estimate civering all ex penscp, of S328,287 05 in. the Treasury oo tho 15;h of November next. The publio debt is also being rapidly reduced. Over one raillitja was paid off during the ta9tyear, and when tho January duos nrd met, tbo total debt will ho 11,341, 743 87, ngiioHt 12,912,014 15. At this rale the enlire dabt ought to be dis charged in tho next fix yoar?, without increasing, tix,aiion. . .-Tho-Governor rodomraends d modifi cation of the law, goveroitij' the State Treasurer. in the manDt-oniont of the id!o balances' io the peverpl funds.; Without aoy increatiod risk of loss, authority , to quake temporary transfers would sivpin. tcrest to the State, amoaoting tb'frotrj 840,000 o 850,000 par annum. : The expoDfios of tht penitentiary Ftill exceed the reeeiots from ootwict labor hv over 816,000.-' Three-fourfbs of tber convicts arc' Under thirty years of ege, fcnd the Governor yuggosts whether' it is not advisable to Bcpsrate young offenders irom the old, end modify tho discipline for them. -. : " - ' Ha advoeales the adoption of the Con stitutional amendments. The total taxation of the State amount ed io the egereeate to 821,000 000, of whioh 85,000,000 ore for State purpesfl?. anu noany tfuuuVjiiuu tor local rjur- poscPv .. '.!. National Democratic Convention. At a meeting of tho National Damn cratio Resident Committoe, held in Wash ington on ihe rveninrr nf 20th nlilnu Huir.-Oh-rrtes Mason preBUea,lina -noo;v-Va4V-t,"r T. B. Florence acted as Secretary. object ot toer meeting was to discuss the propriely and necessity of no early call of a Democratio National Convention. Itwa, during the discussion, conceded on all hands thnt the time had arrived when the Demooraey. reinforced by all persons and parties dcpiring a govern ment of constitutional liberty and law should commonce an active campaign. . We havo no doubt that the committee will call a. Convention. There is ho roan sounder or stronger in the Demo cratio faith than Judge Mason ; no man more active Ibaq Col. 't! loreuce. Uor readers know that we are wholly and emphatically in favor of euch a Conven tion. We as truly believe as we believe anything, that if the people, of this coun try ever opsin enjoy their ancient free. dote, n will bo through, and in conse quenee or, tho Democratic paity at Ibe next Presidential election. . We want no long platform, no multitudious'resbla tion. Enongn to deolare our mo'to od aim to be: The CoNsnroTioif, the Uft io and the aupreroicy of Law;. We must come back to this soon, or wo never hall get back to it in our day, ind'nev er in any day without fighting for it. This is no time to idle or be ieditTatent If liberty is worth biving, it is worth working for. An From a High Quarter. Gsnssai, Butler taid a fow days tgo at .Providonce, tbst grand politics, by which he meant impeachments and jo forth, are as imperative in times of peace as crand tactics re in times of war. Thif nnnd vert wise--o-nlv. what does the gallant General mem by grand tactic? Baoause fue only grand tactical opera tions whioh be eve. inaugurated wero Ihose o( Dutob GapT'wbereiu he odIj succeeded io tasking a useless pigiDiio ditch: Bermuda Hundred. where be suc ceeded in bottling himself Dd Fort Fisher, whore, he wasted au immense quantity of Uncle Sim's go.npowder.in making himself ridioulous. Ktw York Times. ' the Incipient TbA'lwiij.1 Providence Herald and Pott.- There are two months io whioh Uan fjress mav adont and .promulgate fouie defioite plan of restoration. If that is done during this session the best part cf the Rspublican party will begin .to lose oonDdeBCo in their leaders. .Of course the whole question may be, nnd we have no doubt it will be, postpgned to the For titli C'ongrrss; but.ench postppnement will he an evidence both of weakness and cooriicn: weaknessbocauso there baa already been timo enough for an under standing as to what the r.lan . ought to be, nnd cowardice because after bavins' oheated the people once to regara to me amendment, . nothing but fear woula prevent the bold aDnouncement of 6ome dintinct theory. The truth ia, that the question is too large for the party. With their v-iew3 purposes end position, it is utterly im possible that they should fairly and fid' ally solve the problem of restoration. The Radical, having no faith in the peo ple, devoted to the theory of high tariff-., anxioti", above all, to retain power, can not olTar the South its rights, for to do so, would, without the aid of a Southern vote, destroy their party. How long woald Tbad. Stevens remain in the party with the Union restored and sueh legis lation "as would promote the development of the resources of tho country, Ihe or' der of the day I And it would be". W ith out a vote ia Congress,' the bare and truthful statement of tho condition of the South, her necessiticp,-her crpabilities and her incalcululb resources, would cause ibo West to compel het members to open up that groat rgion to tho trade and energy of the country. . The' differ ence to the West hctwcpa the South as it now is -and ihe South as it would be with its land cu'tivated, its mines in process of development, and it3 water power used fur manufacturing purposes, is something incalculable.' A.ud ihe is not to shut its eyes long fo this itn-Lj,gcutp, portant fact. Lven the Itepublicans ot the West will not Jong eacrifiee their pecuniary interests tef'the' caricature of i-Wfc.Thc. Jlepiiblicans of, the Ea?t luvn fourd Itidioaliam a great pain, and would not he's'tatc a roomen. to Incite another war, if certain to make as mueh money thereby as they havo out of the hst. Tho whole question then, will ifrift. So I mg as nothing ia'dooe, the llspubli cans have full swaj, unlimited power. This they hope to perpetuate by keep ing out tho South until after the next Presidential election. . fljreio is their mistake, as we think.. There are some shrewd 'u:anufacturirs .who seo well enough t bat-.no more protection is desir able; but more i asked for by those who do not like to lose thoir "recent gains, To add to the present prices'whioh pro-! lection would do, would..bo to sour, trie Weit ; not to do i will cans? lo3ses. in the K ist. Bui. if done, It will prrfrc cn ly a temporary alleviation; there has been over produolion,, and prices must aomo.down..' Just nssoon cs lladicalhm fails to pay 'it .will be -given up. Those who have influence will be willing to ac knowledge tl)6 true aactrino of . demand and suyply of trado aod of busmen?, and then we shall return to n revenue tariff. When that is dore, or whe-n the West finds that it is not to be none, llspubh J?-.. Tf .t.. n..:,..i:.i -'-.. cmtiim dies. If the Presidential . ' i. i l....'.u t.i: took placo in 1867,, we should believe that the policy of the -Radicals might succeed, but two years more of their ru inous measures will suffice to open the eyes of the people, and secure their over throw. New Eogland, indeed, is ready for centralization. and despotism as a perma nency, but the great West is not. When it finds tbat it has abolished slavery only that it may bo placed under en eternal . i . i i t r r ' . Tne Demodratio General Committee of New Haven, Cone., lias opened a free reading room in that city fonthe benefit! or those who desire reliable information on the treat politic il questions of. the day. This is an excellent idea, and should be adopted in every city, town and village in the country- . Now is the time to diffuse correct .political senti ments, if (hose who hold them would carry the Presidential election next year. Will Democrats in the different States please make a note of this ? iV. J". World: - . . . . '.Tne Pardosiso l'owEa . or m, raKst- !ekt. I lie act just passeu oy eacn orancn of Congress to deprive the President of the pardoning power, repeals the following eo I'an of the Confiscation Act. ' "Skctioh 13. And It it furlhtr enacted, That Ihe President is hereby authorized at. any lime heteafier, by proclo nation, to extend to peraoni who may have participated in the existing rebellion, in any btate Or part there of, pardon and amnesty, with sucn excep tion and at inch tiros and'on suoh condl- tions at he may deem expedient forth pub lic welfare.", ... ,. Ti.'.. A whU man in Nashville was fine J fifty dollars for thrusting himself into f negro [From the New York Times.] Impeachment of the President. Westj(jonj,reBg j9 strong, but it is powerless to It has no band by which it elect'onl(ngyaee upon "them, unless they can r .. r . " . ;i ! e jnE Imreacurrieot of the PresHent . t .....ki. esoiles a good oeai oi luten .u.j the cou otrv. but no more then it deserves There .is a general disposition to regaro rt as less serious man it reany io. . xu. aftnl find t diEiou It lo believe tna a project ol lmpeacouieni uu icmy". offioe U seriously- ctertaioed -p.y respon: sible leaders of the Republican party, or . a i i A WMimAirn'l t mm lhat the mass of that party iu congress can be brought to support V. Yfe see, therefore, that'll is widely assumea tnai the inquiry will be Buffered to sleep io h -.nmrnitteet-which has if in charge. at least through tho remainder ol tnej present session, and that prourPiy not ing more will over be heard of it. We think this a mistake, and that the coun try will MI into terieus error if It reBts oo this belief. . .;. Those who have brouebt forward this projeot are not only serious, but tbey aro zealous aod resolute in pressing it to ex ecution; no on its own account; not merev or mainly to punish, the rresi dent for alleged misconduct, but because it U absolutely essential to tne aaoom plishment of their political purposes. The removal of Andrew. Johnson from office is sought as a means, not a9 an end.' . " Wendell Phillips, who is the author of the Eobeme denounced the rresident, more than a year ago, not as a criminal to be punished, but as an "oltlacle to be removed." lie was io the way of the Phillips policy. He had not, then done any of the acts for which Mr Phillips now arraigns him; he had vetoed" no bills, and made no removals from office; nor branded Colonel Forney as a "dead duck." '.Yet Mr. Phillips' demand for his impeachment and removal was just as lmoerative as it is to day. ueoera Butler.' who came somewhat- later into the field, and who now considers himself the leader ot the lmpeaobment movemeo ia not nuite 60 open in his avowal of motives ; but none who know his char acter and ambition can believe -that a disinterested and holy indignation against official misconduct has alone in spired tho fervor whioh he displays. Goveroor Boutwcy, a member of Uon gress, and also a member of the Judi ciary Committee, whioh has this matter under consideration, said in a recent ad dress, after enumerating the difficulties in the way of reconstruction. "I see no possible way out of these difficulties while the present Chief Mag istrate h at the head of tho Government. can wield the va3t power? of this govern msct. During the?e two years, ttom tne 4th of March next, if .Mr. Johnson con tiouoB to be President bf the United States during that period, I do not know how long the restoration of this govern ment wi'l be dolayed. I make noi pre- dietions ns to what the future basin stcre lor us with reference to the Presi dent ia office; but I only siy that it he continues in office durirg these two years to come, I know of no means by which human life eao be protected, by whioh human rights shall be regarded as sacred, or by which aoy efficient means can be takon for the restoration of these ten States to their, ancient place in tho gov. ertmett of the country," ' , These dchrations from leaders of the. impeachment movement might be multi plied" indefinitely; but we' have gjven enough to show that hia.rorroval from officio is deemed absolutely essential to the sucsess ol their political programme, and that they aro therefore profoundly and resolutory in- earnest ia pudhing.it forward to consummation, If they abandon that, thoy abandon their whole scheme of reconstruction. Thev must give up their attempt to re duce tbe Southern States to a territorial condition, or to abolish their present State Governments and substitute others in their Btead, or to impose universal remove the President, who, while in of fice, is aniotincible "obstaole" to all their schemes. . Are they likely thus to abandon all their cherished. plans? If thfty do, their .career m ended..,, lhey have gone, too far to retreat or to halt Their failure is the President's success. Unless they reconstruct the Southern Stato governments, those .governments stand as they are ; a a every day tbey eo stand add to their strength, and increas es the difficulty of oyerthrowng them. But will the ereat body of the Repub lican party follow them? Not willingly perhaps but tne past snows wuat we may expect in this regard for .tie future, 'the extreme men have never yet failed to lung or arive tbe mass of the party to thoir position ; aqd this has more than once been done in the teeth of their most vigorous protests and struggles,- On this very question a large majority of the party in caucus decided that no steps looking toward impeachment should be taken, without preliminary inquiry by' committee; yet on-the very next day formal articles of impeachment were presented in tbe lloose, and a committee was authorized to entertain and examine them ; and scarcely ha)f a doron members of the party dared to go on record against this proceeding.-. .: .'.;: . The "yeas and nays" have a very vagtfe but potent terrqr for the statesmen of Congress, and the extreme men, -who stake every thing on success, avail them selves of it with remorsoleBs. and, unre lenting rikori ..Many member?,'. wtile voting for" the reference, protested .that they were only voting" for "inquiry"; fhat tney were not to 'be held, committed in th mf.!mnf 'hut thev are tri .lhe current, and it will be much morediffiou'lt for tbem (o turn baok than It would have been for tbem to. keep out, At what point will they' r top ?, Do thej rxpect . vote' thati the ects of which the com mittee may eceuse tbeS" President r'npl : proved, .r that they aie , not offeosee ucservinc iiupoBouiHciiii iscv Wi nnd . t . I. ... 4 ' FTM ... - . . . . - bf ded'iS.f.i,WiIi-lll uWaiaa well as lo party, if tbey go on reoor. thus. ' lhey .have committed themselves to the movement, and they ' win ub cuervpu inio carrying ii mrongn. until toe l resident is actnallr im peached, the public v clamor for his in ' peachment .will be Incessant and com ' manding. The scheme wi'l be pushed, - just as every kinarca tefieme has been ushed hitherto with vinQr. coursee and determination.. A&d tbe-nan who ventures a oppose it at ifny stage will very soon be denounced as Johnson man,- a '.Lopperbeadv aaa a rebel, by the leaders f ' the'movement and the preea which they control. v: rf-. . j. . . Their" action will be govern' ed for more by their views of public pol icy and measures by their estimate of party and public exigences tbatj by any distinct purpose and predeterminatid'n Tbe committee is wholly in the hands of men who hold openly and avowedly tk most extreme views oo all the questions wbioh divide the country . They are all xealous to the last degree o support of the extreme poncy oi reconriruotion on the basis of rebel disfrinohisemcot and negro suffrage. Wilson of lows, BdaN well of Massachusetts, Wi'liami of Penn sylvania, Lawrence of Ohio, Cook of Illinois, K. Thomas of "M.ry land the country can jidge whether these mefa are likely to halt in tbe march' tbey ha v oommeocrd, or to exaggerate the difi. culties in their way. Tbey eertainly will not err on the side of caution.' They will not be too fastidious, to say the least, ' in their estimate of offioial short oomings. The chances ar two to one that the committee will bring in an im peachment ; and as only a majority voto is required, the chances are also two to ' one that this impeachment will be sus tained by the House of Representatives. Mere impeachment will not answer the purpose of those who have started this -movement; that, indeed, is thf opjy means by which their real object u to be reached. That objoot is the removal of the President from office ; and that removal, to be of any service io ths attainment of their political ends, must take place at once. It can' not Wait for the trial and cooviotion. Besides, con viction is by. no means certain, II requires two thirds of the Sonete'to convict, and it is scarcely" probable thai two thirds of the Senate can le secured -for such a purpose. An oiiential part of the plan, therefore, is to remove lbs President upon impeaohment, as erim-.. inal io custody awaiting trial, without , waiting for bis conviction, ..... , At attempt st removal io the alien ee such a law would unquestionably involve very .serious consequences It is scarcely probable that the President would yield to it. It is certainly possible that he would resist its execution by all . the means at his oommand; and, io tne absence cf an explicit law on the subject', ho mighwfeel warranted and compelled " to use the army and navy for fhi.' maintenance of his Constitutional prerogative; If Congress should persist . in an exocution of its purpose, the-, country would again encounter the perif of a civil war, nol seotional in its.eharao ter, but following more or less closely the divisions of political parties. We do not think tbe issue it likely (i be pushed to this extremity, The gen-i eral sentiment of the country is already ' pretty distinctly pronounood against the whole project of impeaohment; and a its contingent perils, become bmm and more apparent, that sentiment will grow stronger and stronger? ' ' 1 ' A Still, the loaders of the movement bav placed themselves in a critical poiitiow. Tbey are comntitted distinctly and une quivocally to the impeaohment and re-C moval of the President, .aqd both art regarded by "them (probably with justice) as absolutely indispensable to thoirjplanf of reconstruction for Ihe Southern States.' Retreat and ' failure are equally fatal to their pucce e, and will equally discredit and damage them as a political party.C They can not be expeoted, ,therefore,"fol abandon fhe scheme or submit to defeat withouf a strenuous Brag'gle, whilti may,, in Ua progress, seriously' dis'arb Ibe' peace, business, and credit of fhe courjfry, even if if does not involve it in still gra-' ver, peril.'-.- . " - vi A child In Tbetford, Vt., was killed a- . few days ago by being bitten through the neok by a, horse. rcj ' One hundred and fifty tons of hay, pres" sed and ready for shipment,' were lately sold at auction at Middlebury, Vt., fer i fourtet n dollars and fifty cents per toav ;? Thc snow drifts in Pittsfild,'Mesvjar ; so deep that buildings story and a half v ' high have only their roofs visible above ' " : the snow, And the streets are like deep tut -v canals; -' , ' '' .' . ' WES" During ' the Revolution, Washlnrtest L said he was afraid to tnaroh his little army through Chester Countv Pennsylvania, be , cause, of. the Tories. That Is now one r of ' tbe strongest Radical oountlfll in the State. Botton Pott. , . . That is very .natural.! The Tories were' - , the loyalists of ihe Revolution, and prated.' of thai "loyalty" as the Radicals' do now. ' ; Both the old Tory and the modern Badleal have substantially the same creeds'.,' ; ', -t8f The Columbus correspondent of the . Cleveland fO. ) Wain. Deafer, ia spesklag ef the Conventlon. says ; ', j... j,' . "Mr Pendleton nresided. with .H tht . . graeone wonli texpeot of this aeeotpilshd,T -statesman:" Ills epesoh, on tali in a theohair' was model of eloquence and tower. " TB Of Mr Thurman, on aooepting tbe nomina-- .. tion; was aa effort tbat piaoea ntea sign i -the list of statesmen." . .?. ' .