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VOL, 5. (.J.W.BOWEN, I t Publisher aud rropriotor. 1 M'AUTIIUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO: WEDNESDAY, JULY 20, 1871. fll.fiO PER YEAR, ) I In Advauce , N0.28. t--1-- t - l)e (Enquirer. J. W, lOEN, Ellttr. AI'Artlmr July U, 1871. Terms of Subscription. - Ono copv, ono your,... si 0 I '1"' oiy. inn. .SI One cu(iy, 0 munllia 1ft I One 'l)'i 4 .. If nnt tuilil wlllilu the vmr 2 nn. 01) Oluhj of Twenty i i.u ..?2 00 Tim Vrmnnmtlc Knquirrr (ifiiln.lcS KP.KK OK .i'oYl'AUK .within tlio limits of Vlntoli Cuunty. V frilura to nolllV illncontliiiinni-c nt lib hwl of Ike " ie MiiliirlNi1 for, will be lukon itew i-hgnfeoniotit tihiwrl"i-i. Advertising Rates. fTli Wittfoeet'l'le'l '' lolmi'nof tlil(N'"tipfirp!l .1 Am hull j3mi.MIu a imr. , J j nqiiurc, ono w-k 81 Ull I One qtlr, 8 S2 "0 j oil wl.ll'.l.iiml Inaertlon Inwrllnti.. .. .......... " All aiUurtMii for n tlmrlvr orluil tlinn lliri-v Stiiitlia.almrm'iUt. tlieabofoniloa. focal AilvriUi'iiiiiilUw-Jl 00 phr iT"nt far rut Irturtlun; Mil W) coal per iHri) for racli aililititinul liiraloii. . , little ara H?ar wurK s cow Mniimii.ii 1! mo. t Kill! III 00 1!! 00 lft 00 f II 00 87 OO 4 1 00 Ojo qaait !(wll Slllf II', J'hrfe wi trc, Four q ires, Six HqiiAtoa, ) ClllllfllU, J nail b nil 7 01 0 00 10 00 14 oil 1.1 00 It inns'. 9 f 00 f 00 0 oo 11 0 i.'i oo w on H7 IK) (1 Hint. i 'Ono imlHMn, MID HHHRini V" - - itimlili'M (Vtila, riot podllns 0 Hues. THilr ypar. a no 41 ao SO 00 All Mlla ilnu on nri iiiwriiiin "i n.rn 1UIU with iviijiilarti'lvorllwM to he i:il.l qnarti-TV. ltunltiew Notliwa 10 cnt n lint". Mmriaj! Null oraaer.llii(S tothollbrrnlUy orflie partli. Di'alh jlutlcoa fri'0. , , ... Natlcet of IliiMtfny W ives or Hofhnnils-iloitlilo brice, Voarly alvortlnors riitltli'il In quarterly clianjje. AilvertliMinnt not titliprwlan itiWimI, will lie con tluur.4 until nlnMililisi'iiallime'l.l'H rliarg"' accoril inirlv. Itllftnm anil Chnrralilo Nntlcea-frce. Railway Time. Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Road. TIME TABLE. tS)iind fi'rtorJufta23, 1S7I, Trams will run as follows: r :::::: i- is tri p -r o is : x '1. 3 ft CO W B g : : : : : :::::::::::.:: : :fc : : 8 : ? S !; fi "fl 2 S 5 2 ?i S S T-. S S r S !c c i I ci ? n rr i: w -t t ir' .(5 1 9 ' s ? 21 . ?s ? IS 2 5 S 2 fS 5 5 ,7? 3 r a S 4f S 4 i y iS ri tl it n w h .i -4 9 S ' ' : -S t ' K ii o -! n f. .: 2 twjjsii! .HjS&siS.B'O a . ,t IKCINSATI KXl'KI'SH will run dully. Allolher IValtiH ilnlly, exwiit. Hiiiuluyi CINCIXSATI KXI'UKSH KAHT liinkiis 110 fop between Uamili'ii nml AIIkmim. Portsmouth Branch. iicYt If otrfdrV) ,IarlHoti Ar'T. I'oftHinoiitk Jinn. I'ortHiMi.Hin Ar'v. .Iimkion Hnmilun MttL Aooontmnilttttfin. 4.0 " tVV, ' 9.15 A. M 11115 ' U.tr I.M. S.M I'. 7.011 " Kl.l'O " l.'IO!'. M. 4:00 ' 5.:'0 " (1:011 A. Mi Trains Connect at Loveland. Tor nil points on fliV I'lttlo Miami Il11ilrnn.1l, nnd ftt thu iMilinti'tipirii At iiulniiiiti Haili'uathJuuti fioti (Dl'llll piiliiU Wiist. W. PEABODY. Master of Transportation. "BEE LINE." Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway. ; On nml Hl'lcr MONDAY, Mhv Will. 1K71, F.x jrossTrniin will BKiVK ('Otil.'lUlU.H nml WlI0 n,INU anil arrive at points iianiod ho lnv, its 1'iiIIiiwh: ( 1 1 Stntlims. Coltiinlius Crtstllno If velnml DuITiiIii KlaiKurftPiilU., Kix'lmslor Alb.tny N. 2. ' " .IIiIOhm . 8:45 pm llliWnm ..1:00 11 ur "xi: 1. - 4ilQ 1 m li:i!.lp III 9:l5p in 4:10 pill :4!V0, in 7 :(). y m 2:1X1 pm 11:20 p in 6:fl0pni ffa."i"p in I Sr. a in II 2.-i a in i 40 p in 0 T- p 111 8li p ni 7 4") p 1 01- 1 15 H III 7 ao 11 in No. fl. 2:35 a m 4 :50 11 111 7 :W n in 1 :00 p ill 4:40 pin 5 :05 p in 1:31 11 III 11 :00n 111 0:40 n m "8 ji ii "ri 45 p in 2 40 a in ..l:Wlniii ,.R:I5 Hill ,. .A;'JUpm ,.:aOptn 7. 12 4o p ni .. :ir p m .. 7 ID am ..10 40 h rtv ..110 p 111 . 1 1 15'a lit . .Hail i 111 .. 5 80 um ..1210 p m ' lloatntt Kuw York City frrfou ! riltslmiif Hurrlshurg .... laltJniortt Witalilntflort .. ritlliiilolpltl,t.. rreMllino . ... Fort Way Ha .. ( hienfrn n'T 7 00 ij 111 5 rijfni II '.'.i a ni n no p ni . BfelV"N. 4, lenviit.tr I .inlinnjiiia at 4 :1H p. m, naa ThroKh (!iiffi DclnwiirflfiirSprliiirllolii, Mat'.lilnKSpl-lnjfriKliI wiMioiiteliAiiiroul 7:!!0 u ui. , Tritiii No. 2 1111 the ColitnilnmA Hoi'kliiK V11I Ijr RnilrotiHcOiiiioctwItliNo. 4 Train. Thionull pickets fttr snln nt Atjiens. PAHSFAIJKH THAJNM vfltiirnlnn avrlv (it ColuintroN nt Itt.'Ma ni. 11:15 a. in. nnd 9:50 11. ni. Palace Day and Sleeping Cars. on All Trains. at a m, on fiiatiMy, rana 1Hrni(rh wlllimit iltitiMilion, by with Krle Mild New Vtirk Onlml Hiillwavn, ArH 1njjittNoW York on Monday morntiig'Ht or HiirUeiiliir Information . In reirard to tfirniiirh HrkolN. time, ejiiintittliimM, at., to (fll puints Mant..- Wst, North ami HonMi. npplv to oi nddM.ts K. rmtO.O ilitinliiiH.Ohio. r... PI. INT. ;en. Snprrlntondcot. v JAMKri l'ATTKIIHON, fifp. Aucnt, Clumbiis,'0. 1: tvar.fiv.fmn, m J'uttcngor Ajrant, Oolnnihua, Oi on All Trains. Railway Time. Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. TIME TABLE. Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. TIME TABLE. Took Effect on Sunday, May 28, at 12M. Through Car. From COLUMBUS (via Athena) to PORTSMOUTH From COLUMBUS (via Athena) to PORTSMOUTH Over the Columbus & Hocking Valley and Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Roads. Going East. Ko. l.lNo LEAVE, f ( ) 1 1 1 1 II I 1 1 1 , . . (Jltivi'pott,. Wlni'liasler Iiimeiirr, . A M tt 'l H :lv u vx '. M i 3 .TO, 4 ' 4 :i'.i T,-l 5 41; ft 1' 11 Ho: B4ll 7 001 !HarOrtive.lU4! LoKtin 11 17 llnydfiivlllo II ;I0 Ni'Umii villi'.. II 50 f?uljj(a . ...M.1-J1I Athens IKfi 1(1 '.5 7 85 Going West. 5o.' Nu. 4 I.KAVK. A.M. Alht'iu 11:15 1. M Haliita fl:!U :IMI 9:10 9:40 :5.rl 4:19 4:41 4:SS 5:K 5:4H H:!io NuUiinvlllo H:M l)uyiei)vWk'7:10 lliiraii 7:!i" Uar GiiiVirt :55 l,uiifaor . .8:1.1 Vlini4)t'slff.H:5ll jt olli III lilts . . II :4"j UroTitodrt . 11:17 Portsmouth wliliniit flutnitc, nrrivliiir at Mr. Ar il nt nt y .",. i it.: ami Cur for the 3.00 P.M. Ciifun tlioS ft'i A.M. Tralii runs llii'miirlt to Trill n li-onl I'ortMinnnth lor t'oliuiibiitt arrives nt Mi'.riiinraurj:.iii r. si. Closo foniierfimiK niaile at Laneaalor forClr 'leville.Ziieville,anilull points r llm Cin cinnati eSMnskiiiKiini valley uaiiwav- Kliveteoimeetion made at Colniiibns for Day ton. Kpi tiiKlli'ld, IndiaiiitpollH, l')ileni;i, anil nil imiiits West: also, for ( levelnnd. Htillalo, Pltts- linrii, I'lillnilelphla, New Yolk, amlull points KiimI. ( oiinectlona matin tit .Iimii by both Teal 11a Willi nil Twins for NtraitstTllB and all points on lh Stinltkvillo llraucli. I. W. DOHEKTV, rliiperintunduiit. E. A. IlUKl.l.,(;cn'rricknt Aa't: KANSAS & MISSOURI -VIA- OHIO AMD MISSISSIPPI UA I17WAY. O EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY O O EUN through rncM o I THE OHIO & MISSISSIPPI 01TXj"3r EOAD (iwiied and opernteil by one Company frnm (la- fiiiniili In St. Louis. I hetelore pitssenners 1110 SI UK ol lielnireiUTloiltlirniiBli Vi IWiotil faiiinmt 01 ruis THUS AVOIDING the possibility Incident to oilier mutes (which aio inailu u of si'veriU'Shiirt roaiU) of lainsliiK connei'tioiis. ind hiiIiJci'IIiik tlicirpnsseiiKcra to nisitKi'ccaoiui'iian;eit. Families and It hers Seeking Homes in the rich vallevs anil on Hi fertile prnirioa of eicrn n-rtiMiii, KMtisas, neiirasKit, uoiot'Hiio, or the ntoru I i t ti lit. State ol CmIII'iii ii in, will con sult their own interest by ''iillinjr on or .-.(1I nt-k-ItiH the tindei'Kiiiitl, CnntriielliiK Ai'lit, as 11 IOIIJV li-MHi'iicn III 11IU ucnil'lTl l iillllliv iiaf in uiiliiu i.ed hint with tint l)i'M loralilles. Tills Rauto is 37 mile Shorter than via Indianapolis. ' tiii: ok; 11 TicK.vrs C1111 he inncliiiReil all the I'rlneiaiil Ticket tllllces ol' CuiincctiHU Lines, nml in Cincinnati at the (irncml 1 llii im til t lie Coiupnny, 11!) Viii Slroet. Broadway, Corner Front Street, Main Street. COrner Levee, nnd nt De pot Foot of Mill Streat, C. E. roM.KT, .1. l..(iltlsW(I.ll, lien. Pass. A Ticket A'trt, tjeii.Siiperintenilen I St litiis. HI. LuiiIn. .KDAVAHI) GALLUP, Con tract in tt Pnssenjter ARPitt, 111) Vine St., Uiicliinttti, Ohio. FOJt LOUISVILLE Ami T!if SOUTH!!! VIA OHIO AND MISSISSIPPI RAILWAY. Tliocoiiipletloti of the Louisville Division of IlilK i'onilai)it the splcnillil tinuipnieiil lor pass eiitter travil makes this th BEST ROUTE TO LOUISVILLE, AND ALL POINTS .S011II1 and Southeast. O THROUGH TRAINS O Dalit. With Direct, Ceniiections from tlio Kast for Louisville Without Change of Carsl This islhcnnly roml whoso tralna leave Cln ciitnnli nnd imsseimers tire ilelivetetl at ilcputH, Itu'lelH or resliluneua in Louifville KUKK. Ash for Tickets via Ohio ifr Miss., and take no others. TlIUOliesilTICKKTS . ( fin lit piireliiisKilat all tlio Principal Ticket Offices of CONNECTING LINES, AND IN G I I1T1TATI, . At tlio General Ofllccsnf tho Company 1 1 VINU STKI2KT, Broadway, Corner Front Street, Main St., cor. I.evca, nml nt the Depot, Mot of Mill fitucot. C1IAS. T.. KOM.KTT. T J. I..C1.THWOLD, Uen.I'ass, & Ticket A't Clou. Btlp'b r. Louis. I Ht. l.ouls. Edward Gallup, (,'ritiiiio4lnir Passenger Airent,, llll Vlati St.J'Incinnatl, Ohio. ST. LOUIS AND CHICAGO. SHORT LINE ROUTE. SHORT LINE ROUTE. 1871 Spring & Summer Arrangements '71 Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette. RAILROAD. The. OiwntTh roach Moil ami Kxprewi Passen lerl.lnti to lt. Louis, Kansas City, Ht, .Tosepli, Henwr, Hail Kraneistv), and all points in Mlnaoit ri. Iuinn and Coloriiilo, Tim ahfirtt'Nt and only direct route to Indian apolis, Lafayetto. Torro Haute. Cmnhrldmi City. Hprlnirllulil, Peoria, IttirllnKlon, ('hlcno Mil- wnnkeo, t. rntti, anil all points 111 tne.Koi'in west. , Tim rndlnniipolla, Clnelnnad and T,nfnyetto Iliillionil, with its eonnoctlnna. now oilers nass- eiiKtirs moni fuclllties In TlirohKh Ooaelt anil Slenpltiir Cnr Nervieo than than nqy other linn I'rtiin Cincinnati, liaUlnir tho lulvantngu of Throujih Daily Cars fmmClnrlilnntitoflt. Lotila, Kansas City. St. ,lostih, 1'oorla, Jiurl liifrton, Clilrnn', Oinnlia, nnd llll intermediate puints, ttresein injr to union ism an r 11 tr. 1 ut'saiic 11 ci un ions and Hccommoflatloni ni are afforded by no other route, ThrottcUTicketa and Bairjrrura Checks to all points. Trains leave Cincinnati at 7:00 A. M. i 1:10 r.U : 6Mt.ji., and WM i'.m. t icKoin can no nnwiinou nr. nn. 1 jiurnat IliuiHe, aornor Third and Vines I'd hi In Lnndlnii. corner Mnin and Kivcrinlno, at Depot, corner. Plum nnd Paarl Htrcel. Cincinnati, O. - Haatiro to purclmae tickets via Intllanapolla, Cincinnati and Lafayette Itallrond, w. 11. 1,. Noni.r, enl Tloket Ajr't. Indlanapulla. r). JT, Moonn, Biip'i, Olnclnnutl A CUTTING REVIEW. A SYNOPSIS OF A SYNOPSIS OF Gen. Morgan's Speech at Mansfield, June 22, 1871. THE FATAL MISTAKE. friciHl, would the South have inaugurated secession .and war had Southern statesmen been satisfied that they could not obtain tlio aid of the South ern officers, who were in the service of the United States to organize and command their armies V It is not probable. Unhappily, no sooner did Mr. Lincoln become President than civil war M as regarded as inev itable, and Southern officers at once commenced to resign their commissions. The inaugura tion of the new President took place on the 4th of March, and the resignation of Colonel Sam uel Cooper, Adjutant General of the United States Army was accepted three days alter ward five weeks before Fort Sumpter was fired upon. The acceptance of tliese resignations was taken as n notice that Southern officers could resign and "go South whenever they desired to do so. This fact emboldened such of the South ern leaders as desired a conflict, and the destruction and surren der of Sumnter was the result. What would you have done, my republican mends, if, after the surrender ' of Sumpter, Southern oflicers had tendered their resignations for the avowed purpose of taking 111 arms against the United States would you have, accepted them? I think not. AVould you not hnve arrested them as prisoners of war? Had that course been pursued, confeder ate armies could not have or ganized, and even had they been, without generals to lead them, the conllict would have been shnrn and decisive; The opposite course was taken. Between the enpture ot Sump ter and the 2d of June follow in the resignations of more than one hundred and eighty oflicers had been accepted, and the Republican administration fnrnih( d JeflVrson Davis with great captains-like Kobert E. Lee, Albeit Sidney Johnson, Joseph E. Johnson, Jam en M. LoDgstreet, and scores of oth ers of scarce less skill and dis tinction. Prior to leaving our service, they held the highest rank in our army, and each of those elicits was experienced in war. This fatal blunder cost half a million of lives, and thousands of millions of dol lars, and such, my countrymen, will be the judgment of histo ry. Uncontradicted I have twice charged this fact on the floor of the House, and as I held in my hand there, so do I hold in my hand now, the of ficial evidence of what I charge the Register of the Army of the United States for 1861. And once for all I de sire to say, that I will, in a spirit of kindness, answer all questions which may be Asked mo concerning the subjects I discuss.. I do not charge the Administration with treachery in accepting those resignations but I do say that,at the least, it was not only unwise to do so, but a stupendous blunder. . THE WAR DEBT NOT NECESSARY. Hut to the proof. In Europe as in tho United States, a cer tain clnftf of men have long professed to believe that n na tional debt was n public bles sing; that debt and capital are the same. Such was the doc- trim?' of those who created the funded debt of England. Such was' the doctrine of Jay Cooke when acting as agent of, the Federal Government for the sale of its fronds. There are but two rtfef hods, by which the expenditures: of a government can bo maintained. ,' Taxation, without debt: or borrowing first, with heavy debt nnd op pressive taxes nttenynrds. The . latter, plan was 'adopted. Was it necessary t After the facts you shall answer for yourselves. I hold in my hand the last report of the Register of the United States Treasury. On pnge 27G it appears that on July 1, 1801, four months af ter Mr. Lincoln became. Presi dent, the entire outstanding debt of the United States WOB !,807,80S n an iiDiiiiuieo III Hit) Treasury or (pp a',..) :,, Lcnvlmt. tilt; actual (loot 58.90:t,I71 The debt could have' been paid during any fiscal year without being felt. The ques tion was how should revenue be raised to carry on the war .? By tixntion during the war, and low taxas and no debt after the war was over ? Or by borrowing, and low taxes du ring the first year of the war; and heavy taxes to lie made perpetual, and a fearful debt also intended to be made per petual after peace was restored? The latter plan was adopted. Was it necessary? It was not only unnecessary, but the debt. was intentionally created for the express purpose of build ing up a moneyed oligarchy, and it lias been clone. THE PROOF. Had taxation been equal to the expenditures of the Gov eminent during the war, at its 'close there would haA'o been no debt, nnd to-day Federal taxation instead ot more than four hundred millions. This policy would have prevented an inflation of prices, and re duced'one half the cost of the war. When greenbacks fell to be only worth fifty cents on the dollar, it required twodol lars in greenbacks to buy one dollars worth ot supplies, and thus the cost of the war was doubled. The expenditures of the first year of the war were less than l.-37,(.)UU,UU(). Had $500,000,000 in greenbacks been issued as became "necessa ry to ninke purchases, and made receivable for custom dues as well as for the pay ment of other taxes, they would have maintained the par value of gold, and been paid into the treasury tor taxes du ring tho next year. Hut could five hundred millions of taxes have been collected in a year ? The answer is casy.- More than six hundred and nineteen millions were collected during the first year of peace, notwithstanding the four years of war; and the voluntary con tributions of the people during the war nearly equalled the amount paid in taxes. Hence it is clear that the expenditures of the war could have been paid while the war continued, and at its close we would have returned to low taxes, anil been free from debt. But my kind friends, that is exactly, what the oligarchs did not want. A great debt was their especial object, and that could onlv be obtained by low taxes during the war, and high taxes forever afterward. Let roe invite your careful atten tion to the following official figures which I read from the last Register of the Tieasury. During the first year of the war, Federal taxes amounted only fBI ,1X17,1)44 Tho second venr 74.4IS.iri7 Tho llilrd yoiir W.i.7l:!:V4 The last year of tha war .m.(Kl;'.7N.1 Thu (list .rear of peace IU,llltl,64U Borrowing and inflation were hand in h.indduring the war. aifd at its close we had an unliquidated debt of more than 'six hundred millions ef Feder al taxation. It is true that owing to the sleepless fight made by the .Democrats in Gontrress. the debt Las been reduced to a little over twenty- three hundred millions, and the Federal taxes to a little over foui hundred nnd eleven mil lions. But had the Govern ment been wisely and honestly administered,' the debt would have been reduced three hund red millions more, and the peo- nle been relieved of a corres ponding Amount of taxation, --. lnis is a ury euujeuu uu& iu you it is one of life or death. Our-', system of government jnakes'ou legislators, and as legislators I address you. When you vote, m'ou vote to make or repeal laws; to do so intelligently you must investi gate- think earnestly and hon estly, for it is only By so doing that you can protect your rights and liberties. THE TARIFF TAX. A tariff is a tax which com. pels a person to pay more for any article than it is worth. And of all taxes the' most op pressive, insidious and odious is thfi, .tariff, for what is called protection, it is oppressive because it maiuly tails on 1 bor; , insidious, , because it is paid in the increased price of the article, bougnt; without be ing seen; odious- because for every dollar of tariff tax which goes into the treasury the peo ple are compelled to pav the t i lome mainitacttfaer a bonus of three dollars. Only one fourth of the woolen goods used in the United States are imported And for every four pair of pants worn the stuff for only one .pair is manufactured abroad, and for the other three at home. On woolen goods tor pantaloons there is a tarifi tax of sixty cents on the dol lar. If the imported stuff to make a pair costs three dollars,' the tax is $1.80, nnd the value of the goods $1.20. The home manufacturer then adds sixty cents on tho dollar to the value of his stuff for pantaloons, and sells three times as much as is imported, it follows that the people pay him a bonus equal to three times the amount paid into the treasury on the same materials. Deducting the tax of twenty millions on tea and coffee, and we have ! ft a tariff of about one hundred and six ty millions. And assumim that we consume three times as much of our own manufac tures as we import, it follows that the same year we pay one hundred and sixty .millions in to tho Treasury as tariff, we nay four hundred nnd eighty millions to the home monopo list more than his good are worth. A PROTECTIVE TARIFF IS OPPOSED TO AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE. Between the States of the Union we have absolute free trade. The farmer sends his products into Pennsylvania and New York, his only cost being that of transportation. Sup pose that he had to pay tax of hve cents a bushel upon deliv ering his wheat, where would be his profit ? Absolute free trade is not proposed with other countries, but wc do propose a large re duction of the tariff-tax, nnd thereby not only reduce taxation,- but the general price of goods. Commerce means the inter change of commodities, and that system must be wise which enables the people to Sell the surplus of their productions at a good profit in a foreign coun try, lint this must be mutual. If we raise more wheat than we can use and England makes more goods than she can use, it becomes our interest . to ex change the surplus of our wheat for a part of the surplus of her goods, nnd we are both gainers. She gets-bread and we get clothes. But our wheat and her stuffs have to be carried across the ocean, which requires ships, and ships open to us the trade ot the world. Then, Ohioans, which do you prefer the interests ot Ohio or ot Massachusetts V RETRENCHMENT AND REFORM! The whole expenditures of the Federal Government, less the payments on tho public debt from the adoption of the Constitution till July 1, 1871, were less than fourteen , hund red millions, and that sum in cludes the cost of the last war with England, thirty ycars'of Indian wars, aud the war against Mexico, while tho ex penditures of the past six years, without a dollar expended in war, withotit including a dime paid on the public debt, amoun ted tons much as the entire cost of the Government during a period of eighty-one years, nearly . all that time under Democratic Administration. That there has been a good reason far this vast expendi ture, no intelligent man be lieves and no honest, man will assert. In the name of the people, the Democracy demand reform, and invite all good citizen's to unite with them in this common cause. I could not in many days, citizens let alone a single-how explain to you how all this money has been squandered. Since the Republicans came in to power, swarms of new offices have been created. Before Mr. Lincoln became President the highest officer in the navy re ceived a salary of $4y)00 now he receives more than 1:1,000. Under the Democratic rule the highest rank in the navy wa- Post Captain, called flag officer wjien commanding a squadron. Since l8.r)2, the Republicans have created the grades of Commodore, Hear .Admiral, Vice Admiral and Admiral and titles borrowed from monarch ies, and opened to the spirit of republican simplicity. .During the fiscal year, ending JurVe the 30, 18G1, the entire expendi ture of the Federal Government hss the sums' paid on the pub lie debt, was only sixty-two millions, while for the last year the expenses for the same pur pose amounted to over one hundred and sixty-four mil lions. 1 charge squarely that since the Republican organization has been in power the legisla tion of Congress has been un der the control of the monopo lists, and has been against all who do rfot belong to "rirrgs" organized to plunder the treas ury. The charge is a grave one ; you will be convinced of its truth. DEFALCATION OF TWENTY ON MILLIONS. IN ONE DEPARTMENT. The defalters and their al lies seek to divert the attention of the people from the condi tion of the treasury by crying Ku-Klux, but the cheat is to shallow to deceive nn'y one, ev er were ho blind. The Secretary of the Treas ury concealed from Congress and the people, tho fact that balances amounting to many millions stood charged. a'gain'st Collectors of Internal Revenue, who had been removed from office. The House of Repre sentatives alarmed nt this con cealment called for the facts on the 21st day of March, 1870, and Executive Document 2G7, Second Session. Forty-first Congress, which I hold in my hand was the result. During the canvass of last year I call ed attention to this matter and denounced the attempt to con vey any defalcation as a grave offense' against the people. To avoid this odium Mr. Senator Sherman and other distinguish ed persons leagued in the de- tense of the abuses which every one knows exist, declared that the detaujting collectors were Democrats who had been ap pointed by President Johnson. This flimsy defense was a con fession ot guilt. VV hat greater absurdity could be utteicd than to say that a Republican Secretary of the Treasury con cealed defalcations because the defaulters were' Democrats; and that1 for the same reason the defaulters were not sued on their bonds r Bear in mind that Presi dent Lincoln has been dead more than .six years; yet this eport shows that ninety-four Collectors .appointed by him stand charged in this official document under the hand of the Hon. George S. Boutwell, with ' having , large balances due the United States, charged against them. Secretary lioutweii declines to give the cause of the remov al of these' Collectors, although the. cause .was called for. Why did he refuse to tell why tli'esu collectors were removed ? Let me .call your attention to ano'ther fact, citizens. Out of three hundred Collectors charg ed Mrit!i balances' .only fifty have been" Sued on their hndf. My friends, Sherman would any, 'because there are only fifty defaulters." Only ifty I)'h. faulteks ! When befor6 in' the history of (his or any other government, did you hear; f fifty defaulters at one" time in any one Department t but thi answer of th'e' Senator,. if m'n4e,; would bo a! mistake, , JJii me give you tH proof. Here, oiv page 7, of fdiis document under; the head of Xew York, at Xo; .'32, we gnd the name of Josuffa1 F. Bailey, charged with a bal ance against him of ?5f)2,7G. This document shows th'at lie was appointed by Grant; and that he absconded March 15, 1870, and it further shows that he has not . . lcen .sued on his bond: Will1 the honorable Senator explain why suit has not been brought on tho boad of this defaulter. ..Tlid' editors' of tho Circlcf i'llo Herald nro tho IIcpsi-dam-ifeHt fools who ever published ri jifijipr. Washington O.) HetjiSltr and Ad vocate. Of co'tfrRc',- hiVd it is caslfy. ftcco'uti tccT for. i)'oni Piatt Bays tlVe)v nre often pccn stumling upon their tieafltj after they liavo visited certain re tail establishments'. The True Flag— A Journal for Every Home. This True lao' continues its ca-, rcer under tho most favorablo aus pices. Aclrnowlilecf to lie lh pi oneer newspaper or its' class, having originated tlio System of Complcto First Fago Stories, it has outlived u host ot imitators, and still distances all competition. Its circulation ex ceeds by several thousand that of any similar publication inNew Eng land. Ifr.it not limited to any class or district, but cheers tholioniJfl gladdens fio firesides of eviy Sutto in the Union: it is not riis'tiiVgaisliCtit merely fr its Unequalled TulcS and Sketches, nit every number 66n tains an en tertaining -and useful variety of ; ANECDOTES, Biography, Edito rials, AdVontni-tts, ilistoryY.Footry, Wise Sayings', f&riips of Wit, and ; Carious information oi" every de scription. Tho Corps of Contributors com prises tho liveliest s't'orj' tellers, an4 numbers" iffariy of Hi6 best! authors of the day- Only $2,50 a year, or 81,25 for G months- jlonlton' & Lincoln, Publishers, 50 Bro'nifiold St., Boston, Mass. TrtB Pooria JievieW, (Republican,) in speaking of tho pardon of Bowcn by tho President, says : "For our pari V?e' aro glad tnat Grant partfonpd' Tijiii, but bo ought not to bo allowed to tako his seat ia Congress, llo has shown that lie is either a lffi'aVo or a fool. Becanso it is tho gcnoral sentiment of tho country that ho tho latter ho ha boon allowed to escape Bat ho ought not to bo sent to Congress." . Well, sir, if Bowen is either a knavo or a fool, is not a Republican body, liko Congress,' just tho placo for him ? Gen, No—yes and the Cullud Folks. We obsorvo that Gen. Ko-ycs will. assist the African population of New Richm6hd, Ohio, to celebrate tho 1st of August in windy stylo. That will bo his first effort at speocb: making in the presont campaign, and thero isn't tho least doubt but what his twaddle on tho occtuioa will ticklo all the black and white Republicans in the State. North Street is iho most pleas ant ond in McArthuf. .The dwell ings show much refined taste. Tlio bcantifnl shade trees mako every thing look liko homo. PEorLB in Church on Ssndays, just now, havo tnsks to perforin; first to fight tho flics that alight up on tliolr faces ; socond, to keep tbeir mouths closed that the drops ef perspiration shall not roll in te them; third, to combat tho natural drows iness that stoals orer the ssnaet when tho thermometor is wrestling, against tho temporature. Potting Tip' berries is now la order. It is berry expensive.