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nmmuutrma im him, i i 'rJ"J .,: HE- : : A VOL. G. r J.W.BOWEN.l I Publislior and Proprietor J M' ARTHUR, VINTON COUNTY, 0HI(K WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, "187ft"- i 11.50 PER YEAR, l i ' InAdTknoe. J Railway Time. Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Road. TIME TABLE. 6n and after Nov. 19 , 1871, Trainwlli run aafojlcrw's: a.a : : a ;3 3 j.- ; ; t 2 : iz. H W a o J32 os3 "3 S C CG L- 10 at .2 2 o a: M SI 3 3 33' 1 I- l, L- iO - 15 :i3 ofc s 5s -c-i -a : :b 4 Si: a u J; o . - Id c -3 3 u a H CO B o to w I I" 5 O 2 ' 5 31 i fi ii n 'C sc'ii i-" i i so x sa o c a ! 5 ?55S55iit iii 5 '7'?Ss4',''; I 3 112 1 S ca i 'JtJ A o H CINCINNATI HXPttKfH will run daily. All ot.lipr Trains dully, exoflrt Hundity. UINi;iSMATi EXPRESS KAFfl' nfiikcS no Slop bclwncn Haimlim and Atliftns. Portsmonth Branch. MiiU. Accammoiltttlon. 7)ext. lli:nlni T.uikHon Ar'r. Portsmouth I)np. I'ortHniMitU Ar'v. .Twkon Ilamiloii 1.i:r I'. M. 2. J4 " 4.10 " 0.15 A. M. im " l J 15 1'. 31. t;w a. m. IM " 10..M) " I2-2D P. Hi Kin " 5.10 " Trains Connect at Lovoland P.irall ptilnUAii tlii! Mttlo Miami R:illrnitil. nnd (it t.li.i In li.nt.tpolis ACiiicHrtnnti nailfoml Juno tiJuforiill polaU West. W. V: PRADOhV, ttiis'sr nf Tftmnportiithf. RALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD. RALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD. —to:— Great National Short Line Route Great National Short Line Route East and West. Only Direct Route to the National Capitol and Eastward. 'i nail itftor Momlny, Movcinlicr Id, Trains ill run iik follnwi" : HASXtt'AKK. t'iiOiinti Mull (I 10 Am II CO Pin HflnPm SMPnl SOii Am 2:liOAin 1141 " 1 W I'm :4 ' !CW " 4 15 Pin H-M " 0 50 " 1 0 ) " B :.V 11 II IKI " 11 15 " 10:11(1 ' :15 Am 11 30 " 1 :2IIPin 015 ' 015 Am 1:41) A tli 1230 Pin KM Am fl:20Pm 400 Am II 45 Pin li:M Am 7 45 ' 8 IK) ' 0:45 I'm 8 50 " 405 Am 8:U0 ' (1 17 " 4 25 11 8:20 " l2 0:l Ain 7 12 " I0:tm " 8 4H I'm II 03 " 4:4 Am 12 '.'5 " 7 25 " L'l "i ... . l)oiart l'.irkorsliiir) 'mnlK'ilaiul llarpor's Kerry V:iNlilti;tf'n Juuiv'n.' .. ...Arrivu Itnlliinore AVifliinutcn l'liilmlclpliia Now York . wKvrw'AlU). Of part ftuW York Philadelphia Washington llaltlinoru , ArrlVfl Wiishini(tim Junc'n. Harper'n Kerry..., OiiinliPi'liiml I'lirki-ri'linrn Pullman Plaoo Dming Room Sleeplnj Carj. AVliieli areas com fdi talilo, clngantly fiirnlsluidr llnd Hlmoxteqiial to a llre-sido, andin nil Trains fr.mi Olardniiatl to Hiilttinorc and Washington. S.iu rfclio luloof Murintta and Clnninnntl Ruil wav fortimo of arriving and departing from Mn'Arthur. Tlio advaittaRns of tills route nvcr nil othors l. tlmt It kIviw all triivnlurn holding throimh tii'lcntu tha prlviloao of visiting il.iltininre, i'hiladolpliliv, and tliu National Capitol free. Tiinaiiiinknr anil rates of faro lower than by Buy other line. Thescunery nlonprtlilH Hallway Is not eiuulc;l for grandeur on lliigContliient. Capitol and Eastward. TO SHIPPERS OF FREIGHT. 'Phis lino nirein miiiflrior lildiicetitrints the ratiwbulm onn-thlrd lower tomnl from IloHton, Now York, nr any other Eastern point. In or rterlnir goo, Is of any deanripMiin inml tho Kimt ?:ivnuirection to hIiIp i KalMumrR & Ohio t. I!., nnil liiHlilppliiKiastKlvenaniedlrei'.tionH. Krelithts whipped Ijv this route will linvp du jmtcli, and lio linndlud With curs and save uliippora iiuieli money. J. L. WILSON, Master Transportation, Uultiiuore. G. R. BLANOllMtD, Uun. Freight Ag't', nnltlmnre. L.M.dOLR 8. B. JONES, tion. Ticket Ax't, Ilnltiinorc. Oou. Pan. Ait't., Oinclnnatl. Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette Rail Road. GREAT THROUGH PASSENGER RAILWAY To all Points West, Northwest and Southwest. THIS IS THE SHORT LINE VIA INDIANAPOLIS. Tlie Great Through Mall and Express Pas. onor Line to Ht. T.ouln, Kiinmia Oltr, Bt. Josnpli, Denver, San Francisco, and all point In Missouri, Kansas and Colorado. The shortest and onlydirect rotttoto Indian nnolis, Iiiifayetto, Torre Haute", Oatnlirldiro Citv, SriiiKflld, Peoria, llurllnittnn, Oliloao, MiUviiukno, Bt. Paul, and nil points in the Northwest. Tho Indianapolis, Oinclnnatl and I.nfayetto Ilnllroad, With Its connections, now offers pas sengers more futilities in Through Ooaeli and Hleeplns Oivr Service than any othe rlirioin Cincinnati, having the advantage ol 'ihon lllv Oars from Oineliinatl to Ht. Louis. Kan insOltr.Ht. Joseph, Pcovla,niirlhigtpn,( lilcsno, Omaha, mid all Intermediate points, presenting to Colonics and Families such comforts it ml aeoominodatloni as are aH'oiilod by no other route. j . Through TickoU ami Baggago Cliocks to all points. Trains leave Oinclnnatl at 7:30 A.M., 8;0O V. M , and 9:00 P. M. Tickets nan ho obtained at No.-1 Burnet House, enrnar Third nnil Vlnoi Puhllo Land ing, corner Stain mid Kivor; also, at Pepot, corner Plum and Poarl Stroota, Oinclnnatl, Ho suro to purcliasn tickets via Indianapolis, Clmilnnati and Lalayotti'llCailroiKl, !. K. L'lltti, (i, I., BARiUXflF.il, Olllof Ticket Clork, Mastur Ti'nnporlatlon( UiiulnimU Cluulunali. ' THIS IS THE SHORT LINE VIA INDIANAPOLIS. Railway Time. Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. On and after Decembur loth, 1B71, Trains will run as luiiows: Depart, Athens 8.?o a. St. A v(d. folnmhus... 9:45 A. If. Pittsburgh.. :4 V. M, Snnditskv... O.IK) " (jlovoliinil.. . 3-50 " Springfield. 12:5 " Xcnin 12:ft " l)n vton .1-20 " Kleliiiiond.-.. 8:15 " Indinnitpolls 0:10 ' Chicago 12:15 A, V. Depart 8:20 i', M. . Arrive. ft. 40 r. i. 2:'.'0 A. M' 0 .00 " 7:00 7 :50 Tl R:80 11 S:30 A, 6:0 r. m. M. Close connection made nt Lancaster for Cir elevllle, Znnesvillo. and all points on the till cinnntlan'd Muskitrgiim valley ItnHroad. I'lied COII llt'lTl MMIS MIIUIU Hb V 'I II HI ."I l 1...-.1..1.1 ....ii nii. -o.&a..:. HKU llin JLIJl.lVIIIU Ttllltf IIIIU .nil nullum noiite to Cblcngo and the Northwest, it Is the Btmitest liy sixty-six miles, giving pnssuiigors the benefit of quicker fimo and lower rates Siiperinlemlcnt. E. A. niiEI.r.,'Ocn'l Tlekot Ag't. 1'livioil, npringiii'in, aiiuihiiii'ihiii, j.im.iiftu, nnd nil points West. Also, for .Cleveland, Uiiiralo. Pittsburlii nnd all points Eiwt. KANSAS &, MISSOURI -VIA- OHIO AND MISSISSIPPI KAIL WAY. f EXPEESS TRAIN3 DAILY Q 0 BUNTHEOUanmOl! o Ciiicimiati YitlionlCIicinp of Cars ! THE OHIO & MISSISSIPPI OITLYBOAr), 0(vnrd nnd opornted by one rmriprtny front Cfn riniuill to St. Louis, tlierel'oro iiiisengiM's are li V.K ofbelnguarried through without change of cars THUS AVOIDING tho possibility Incident to other routes (which are Hindu up of several short roads) of missing connections, ami sttbccrin; I licfr pnsseiit'eW Co disagreeable changes. Families and Others Seeking Koines In tho rich valleys nnd on the fertile prnlrlpsnf Western Missouri, Knnsas, Nebraska, Colorado, or life more distant Utateol'Calll'uriiia, will con sult their own Interest, bvuning on or nddrcss- 1 iuu; tfte unilcrsiL'iicd, (joiitraetlnu; Agent, as a long residence In the western coiintrv has fa miliarized him witli the best localities. This Route la 31 miles Shorter than via Indianapolis, Ti5BOUia"TlCKETS don be purchased at nil the Principal Ticket OiU.ee. or Connecting Lines, nnd in Cim innati ut Ihu General Ofiiccs of the Company, 119 Vine Street, Broadway, Corner Front Street, Main Street, COrner Levee, and Rt De pot Foot of Mill Street, EDWARD GALLUP, Contracting as sengcr Agent, Ut) Vlii St.. Cincinnati, Ohio. FOR LO UIS VILLI Add The -SJOUTII'Sl' VIA OHIO AND MISSISSIPPI RAILWAY. Tim coin plotlnn of tho Louisville Division of this rondaiid tho splendid equipment lor puss-en-fcr t r.u el makes this ilio BEST ROUTE TO LOUISVILLE AND ALL POINTS South itnl Southeast. Q TIIIIUOOH TRAIXS O Ihilhj. With Direct Connections from the East for Lbairftillo Without Change of Cars! This (stlie only rond whose trains lcnveCln . -i ii ii tit 1 mid insscii(;ers are delivered nt depots, hotels or resiliences in l.oui-villu 1'UlOIC, Ask for Tickets via Ohio i& Jliss., and take no others. THUJaTlCKETS Can bo pureliascdat all tho Principal Ticket Offices of CONKECTING LINES, AND IN CIlTCI3sasJA.,I, Atthe (Jencritl Olllccsof tho Couipitny 1 19 VINE STREET, JlroaJway, Corner Front Street, Mnln St., cor. I.evce. and nt tliu Depot, loot of Mill Street. Edward Gallup, Contracting Passenger Agent, ' 110 Vino Ktl ineinnntl, Ohio. Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. "BEE LINE." Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway. Onnndaftor MONDAY, May lth. 1H71, Ex pressTrains Will kkaVB COIUMBUS and OltliWTLINEand Aituivii nt points named bo low, as follows: Stations. No. 2. No. 4. No.fl. Columbus IlilOsm 4il0pm 2i3Sam Orestllno.: JlMlOpm n:2."fiiii 4:50 am (:lwi)liiiU fl.jn p m . . 0-4iia m 7:.'H)nm IlliiTalo. .77.,..10:K)piil 4:10 pill 2:(Hlpm Niagara rails..,. 7 :00 am 0:45 am 4:40pm Rochester liltOam 7 :05a in 5:05pm Albany 11:45 am 2:00pm 1 :')() am lloston 5:20pm 11:20pm 11 :00a in New York City. .3:81) pm 0 :.'!() p in fl :40am Crenti(no 'ii i?p fii B ,'J5 p ni 8 :15 a in PlftJtburg S :)5 p m 1 35 a in S 45 p m Hnrrlsburg 715am 11 '25 a m 2 40 a m Iliiltlitlore 1040 1UI1 2 40 pin Washington .... 1 10 pm 025pm Phlliidelpbla.., 11 15 itn 8 lo pjn 7 OOjun CroHtlino 11 80 Ip in 7 45pm 15 Till a in Fort Wny no .... R 80 a in 115am 11 25 a in Chicago 1210pm 7 SO am 0 00pm fiiY No. 4. leaving Columbus lit 4:10 p. m. has n Through Cornta DclnwareforSprlnglleld, rcaciipignpringtletit witiioiitcnnngen Y:2opm. Train No. on tho ColninlniH A Hocking Vnl lev liailroiifl connect with No, 4 Train. Through Tickets for sale nt Athens. PAHNENUICK TIIAINS lettuiilng arrive nt Columbus nt 12:30a. in. 11:15 a. m. and 9:50 a. m. OyPalace Say and Sleeping Cars On AH Trains. nt."'t) 6'Meavlng Colunibiisnt 2:85 ft m,on nunimy. rnnn through without detention, by liill 1,1 IU IIIIU 11 i "I ft JMIII.ini IHlllWdjn, arriving nt Now York on Monday morning at 0:40 A.M. For partlnulnr Information In regard to through Hc.kolH, time, ennnoetlnna, etc., to nil points East. West, North nnd South, apply to or nun ress k. foiiij (Join mints, UIi to. E'fl. FLINT, den. Huporlntondont. JAMES PATTKIISON, 'len, Agent, Columbus, 0. EUGENE FOHD, , Passenger Agon t. Columbus, 0: Estate of William Franois, Probate Court, Vinton County, Ohio. NOTICE In hereby plvon Hint Jesse Kruno!, Adnilnlstrstor of snld estate, lias Hied herein his account with tho inmo for pnrtlnl ettleiuciit; and that tho herring theroof In sot for - Siit'irhy, the 2 day of March, 1872, AMI tiVliMk A M. H. II. WAYO, li'uuiuui' T, 1S7-1V .. Tiobate JudgQ . Indianapolis Railway. From the Bucyrus (O.) Form. THE POLITICAL SITUATION. Arraignment of Grant's Administration and the Bonded System by which it is Supported. Powerful and Earnest Letter from Hon. Henry Clay Dean, of Iowa, to Judge A. M. Jackson, of Bucyrus, Ohio. IIon. A. M. Jackson : ily t)ear Friend I have just received yours of October 61. 1 compliance witb your request, I hastily give you ray views of the political condition of the country,; eome of tHe Sauaesftnd the only"5f ficient reWedies, as they have been impressed on my mind. The condition of the coun try U deplorable and growing daily worse. There is a com plete severance of the two great elements of strength, tip on which every couutry must rely for its prosperity in their union, harmony and mutual in terestCapital nnd Labor, The eitpilal of the country, within the last ten years, has been placed in supreme and arbitrary power over labor, and as completely owns it as every master owned his slave. The entire capital, real and personal, of the United States, is more than absorbed in in debtedness in the name of stocks of various kinds, put in the form of bonds, which in one way or other, i3 of incalcu lable amount. This includes government bonds, bank stocks, railroad bouda and mortgages, State bonds, coun ty and township bonds; city and corporation bonds, the ac cruing interest of which has to be paid annually by the an nual products of labor, and is in fact andjn form a mortgage upon the real and personal .,.f.. tl.r. learning, and productive power of tlie country. The amount of interest paid aunually upon these various systems of bonded indebted ness is greater than the net in come of tho entire real estate added to the labor of the coun try after the Laborer has been paid his scanty wages. "What is still worse, the annual in crease of these stocks and bonds is many per cent, great er thau the annual increase in the value of property, which is a constant increase of oar in debtedness, now far beyond tlie ability of the people to pay. liut whilst the authors of this mischief retain power, they will repeat in the public ad ministration what has been the subterfuge of adventurers in private life they will carry on the government in rotten splendor to cover up their bankruptcy, whilst they re tnain in power only to leave a bankrupt estate to those who follow them. These bonds which most in terest us, pay no taxes of any kind on State, county or mu nicipal assessments.. These taxes which they should pa are transferred to other prop erty to -the lands, personal property, household furniture, outstanding debts of laborers, down to the milch cow on which the daily laborer feeds his family, the hog in his pen which is to furnish hia winter meat, and the dray and horse with which he earns his living. These bonds issued by the government, draw a greater interest than ia paid by any other government on the face of the earth to its creditors; a needless interest, made so by tho Congresses which havo per, formed the double" part of bor rowing for the people as their agents and representatives, making laws to secure the pay ment of enormous interest, and then colluding with capitalists to secure the money, taking a large, part of the loan them selves, besides their fee from the bondholders, placing them selves in the anomalous and scandalous attitudo of being borrowers and . loaned of the same money at the'satfje time m A k m . being a breach otiiUuciary covenants for which a lust re tribution would hurl them from Tarpeian rocks ' banish them from their country or imprison tnem lor lite in tne most con venient penitentiary,'" !f; These bondholder's hive such immunities and privileges as ire enjoyed by no other peo ple in any free countrjf j 1 hey enjoy the" monopoly m . bank ingi controlling the , markets and creating. ! stringflncy in the money market ; ;it , their pleasure, and buying , jup the most prod ucti y e pro press ed to trust and Bbenll sales by their own direct manage ment and connivance, buyv up the Courts, Legislatures, press es, the pulpit, and the able leaders of the opposition, at will. Having the entire Con trol of the money in the coun try, they use their nowei! to corrupt every thing and efery body that8tands in their yay, and this power will remain, no difference what party assumes power assenting to this finan cial system. The system riust be entirely changed before 'the administration can be duTerent. Neither Pendleton, Tfiur man, Hendricks, Hancock, or any democrat can administer, a corrupt system purely. "With such a system neither 'Charles O Connor, nor William Allen, certainly two of the purest and ablest men of the country, could be trusted. The system must be changed to remedy the evil But when you turn the priv ileges of the bondholders to the condition of the newly made serfs the producing classes the picture is startling aim uornuie. me entire la boring glasses are, to a large extent, homeless, living from hand to mouth, aa'lj,re,ainin2 from marriage through friar of being unable to support fami lies finding the greatest diffi culty -in sustaining, much less in giving to their families a liberal education. The tariff on their food and raiment, and tho other sources of taxation absorbed bv ,tlm enormous system of indebted ness, makes life a burden. This anomalous and criminal condition of things obtains that the entire earnings of the coun: try may he handed over to the bondholder, and the men who earn it nve in penury ana want. Could slavery do worse? AU'of the social evils result from the extravagance and luxury of these privileged . or ders, who. after satiating their appetites with each other, prey upon the virtue of those driven by wantandj abandoned to shame. Thieves and em bezzlers are created in the at tempt to raise their condition from plebeian to patrician; and believe their calling respecta ble in a government where public robbery is the basis of the administration. ' : .- . But among the poor 'the love of money has not been en tirely quenched, and tjje- des perate, no longer able to live by labor, placing the power of muscle against the powers money, turn sneak thieves, bur glars and . highway robbers, risking their own: lives, which suffering has made irksome, to steal from others in violation of law, which they, la' turn, had stolen according to law. With such a system; the pul pit is a mere plaything; which overlooks, when it does not pander to, the crimes of . this privileged class. Who would be silly enough to expect self denial among this order. Beecher makes it profitably by joking them. The laboring classes with keen common sense, observing the hypocrisy and cant of this daubing with un tempered mortal, grow weary and disgusted, and seek pleas ure elsewhere than in church, The Crimes J of the two classes,' ' naturally 1 springing from a system off such hideous injustice, are in like manner differently dealt with. The government officer steals' from the poor and goes to Congress. The poor man steals from the fich, and. is marched off to the State prison, How can social evils belcs9, when a christian people elect bribe-takers like Cameron, thieves like Tenton, and men like Senator fomeroy, who supports Im harlot by the pro ceeds" of the government treas ury, and finds employment in the departments of government for their moek husbands. To carry on such a govern ment,, upon such a system, a standing army become's a ne cessity to perpetuate its power, to intimidate the people who cart riot be brought to its' sup port, and keep them in this condition until they gladly submit to anything for safety. Then after corrupting every part of the country, declare a standing army necessary to govern everywhere. The late murder of Urosvenor by Sher idan's martial law in Chicago. is but a foretaste of what will be committed everywhere', Un less this system is overturned. Among our fathers in Amer ica such a crime would have startled them and brought Sheridan to the gallows. In lireat Britain the highest offi cer of the army would have committed such a crime to be exhibited on the gibbet at Ty burn, Old Bailey or Newgate. As the offspring of this ne farious system, we have a ve nal, low and shameless Presi dent, robbing and murdering whole communities, and coher ing up his crimes by concilia ting the moneyed power. The worst of the Roman emperors did not do raoi c. A legislative body wallow ing in pools of their own abomination. A judiciary as clearly pur chasable as peanuts or oranges at the huckster's stand. A pulpit that has been cor rupted by presents, and rely for their daily bread upon the whitewashing and support of these criminals. A standing army ready to cut the throats of any part of the people who make a formi dable array of Opposition to the usurpation. This is our condition, and these the active causes of our UufFerin 6" THE REMEDY. We no longer look to Bel mont and his committee, this day the greatest nuisance on the continent of America. Our failure at Chicago in 18G1. The miserable canvass of 1868 was the natural result of the miserable management, or rath er no management at all, of this in insufficient body, the child of Tammany Hall. We will gain nothing by New Departures or Old De partures. "We want simply the administration of the dem ocratic doctrines- of Thomas Jefferson fairly stated and fair ly interpreted. We must have a convention representating every interest outraged by the administration of Grant, and co operate with them for re dress and security. . Tho democratic doctrine is broad enough, and the party liberal enough, to comprehend all the elements of opposition to Grant who, are favorable to a system of constitutional repub hcan government. I am frank to say that the working men's convention, which assembled in St. Louis, presented a platform of clearer common sense and justice, with democratic doctrines, with some exceptions, than any thing that I have seen lately. There is no reason why the democrats and working men should not unite in harmony the democratic party is the working men's party. . The anti-tariff men are thus far democrats. ' Tho anti-despotism men are democrats. t, The anti-monopoly men are democrats. f . Tin anti natienal-bank men are democrats; The friends of State go'verri ments are , democrats. And these embrace' three fourths of the available voters of the country, and can be uni ted upon a basis purely demo cratic, where there need be no sacrifice of principle upon the part of any One in a comrilon cause against the worst admini stered government among civi lized .nations'. . -- HOW THIS SHALL BE DONE: It will not do to aliow mem bers of Congress, by public ad dresses, to' dictate to us. 'They are our servants, not our mas ters. That has been tried. It was this Congressional caucus system that elected John Quin cy Adams. "Wo have lidd a quadrennial message a mild mixture of milk and water fcr the. last decade. There was nothing in it, and nothing came of it. The same will be hereafter as heretofore; The country demands a thorough revolution, nor, or Diooa, put or reason and argument. There was never a time so propitious Everybody is dissatisfied with the existing state of things, and are alarmed for the greater evils impending- The office holders and office hunters can see nothing but place and plun der. This revolution must com mence with the people, just as the abolition movement did, until it sweeps every thing be fore it, and there will be no trouble then to get these mer cenary gentleman to unders tand the temper of the public mind. Ohio is the place to commence the battle, and Crawford county is the place to hold the first meeting and adopt resolutions broad enough to comprehend all of tbo-dem-ocratic elements of the country. It will not do to put off the movement until a heated par tizau canvass crazes the people, We must imitate the aboli tionists in their zeal. Begin your meetings at once, indoc trinate the people through such oratora'as Ohio alone can afford Frank Hurd, Samuel Hunt, Arch Mayo.and L. T. N eal.with the old and able statesmen in your midst. You. need only an earnest effort to triumph. Without ostentation or parade secure a thorough organization of the friends of free govern ment, and a determined appeal to the people, outside of "your New England.'' Ohio can be carried in every district. But you must commence now and carry a zeal to your State Con vention which will emulate the excitement of 1840. Money is strong, but truth earnestly spoken is stronger. The truth will save the country; nothing else can. Let us then appeal to the people to save themselves. But if we allow the winter to pass until office hunters or ganize to secure mere country oihce for its paltry patronage, and use the press as a vehicle to be paid with the county printing, and then go to Con ventions to sell out to the high est bidder, things will go this time as in 1864 and 1808, and a weary people will quietly ac cept despotism as a matter of course, and our children's chil dren will rise up to cur3e us who betrayed the liberty re ceived from our fathers, and squandered an inheritance of free government without which life itself is but a curse. 1 am truly your friend, HENRY CLAY DEAN. A young lady near Oil City, Pa., in wringing out a dress, ran a needle through the palm of her hand and died in five minutes. Tho largest salary, paid to a railroad official in the Uni ted- States is ,$30,000, and President Gowan of the Read ing Road gets it; , ; Two Important Decisions. Two important,, decisions: were delivered in the United Sfates Supreme Court last Monday. The first of these ih volves the constitutionality of the .'Drake amendment" to the Miscellaneous Appropria tion bill of July, 1870. The Court declares that this proviso; which set aside all privileges claimed under .the President's Amnesty Proclamation, is un constitutional. It was ,design ed that the Drake amendment should prevent the allowance by ihe Court of Claim bf any. claim based upon tlie alleged ivuittiiuu ui uguva uuuer. me Amnesty Proclamation; if; alatf provided for the dismissal of any fiiiit on appeal to the Supreme Court. When it ii found that a judgement must; be affirmed on account of pardon granted. The Supreme Court decides that Congress has. inadvertantly passed the" limits which seperate the judi cial from the legislative func tions. Having provided that the Supreme Court shall have review of the decisions of tho Court of Claims, Congress has no right to say that a certain class of cases shall be exempted from the of that act. Another" decission fixes the date of the issue of the proclamation of blockade, April 19, 1801, and the conclusion ot the same at April 2, 1866, when the Presi dent's proclamation, declaring the war at an end, was issued, If wa3 late one evening, last summer, when a lady, who be- longs to the editorial staff of one of the leading dailies of New York had been detained by office duties until rather a late hour. Living on the Heights, in Brooklyn, but ft short distance from the Fulton Ferry, it was not much of a venture to 'go home ' without w" escort, and so she 'started. On the boat, standing outside en joying the refreshing breeze, after tbe day s toil, she per ceived a gentleman (?) in rath er close proximity to where she was leaning over the guards, but said nothing. "Are you alone?" said he, as the boat neared the slip. "No, sir," said the lady, and without further interruption, when the boat touched, she stepped off. "I thought you were not alone?" stepping to her side again. "I am not,7 replied the lady.' "Why, I don t see any one; who is with your"' "God Al mighty and the angels, sir; I'm never alone!" "You keep too good company for me, Madam; good-night," and he shot for a Fulton avenue coach. A drunken fellow with a box of matches in hia pocket lay down on the sidewalk in Springfield tho other day, to enjoy a quiet snooze. While rolling over in his sleep thej matches took fire. Awakening-, he snuffed the air suspiciously. smelt the burning brimstone, and ejaculated: "Just as I expected, . In h -11, (hie) by bokey." From Poltsk.Russia, comes a horrible story-,'-of a murder committed there last Novem ber. A rich proprietor, whilo returning home with 5,000 . i i y i i i j . rouoies,just oorroweu irom a. neighbor, wa9 assaulted by a masked man, who demanded the money 'or his life, ami', secured the former. The next morning,the proprietor entered the room where his son was sleeping, and was appalled to find a loader revolver and the 5,000 roubles' underpins pillow. In a transport of shame and rage the father seized tho revol ver and killed the unfilial thief. Columns of hot water three hundred feet high are among the wonders of the Yellowstone Valley in Wyoming. They surpass the geyiers , of Cali fornia. . . . ' a ' . , .l.