Newspaper Page Text
Isaac Nhook vs. J. A. JobnNon.
ment, St. Landry, dniis ie procès ei-dessus inti tulé, et it moi adressé, je vendrai î \ l'encan pu heures du matin, les propriété* ci-apr'és dé crites, savoir Un certain débris du bateau ft vapeur f Cob web," étant dans le Bayou Corn-tableau, enbas du Port Barré—la même a été Offerten vente par uioi le 10 de Juillet, 1873, et les tenues de la vente n'a pas été ratifiés. Saisies dans le procès ci-dessus. Conditions—Comptant. VALERY ROY, Constable. 15 août Jowpli Richard v*. Ouraiiiic Hnbiiicnu fjOUR DE DISTRICT, PAROISSE ST. LAN dry.—No. 12338.— En vertu d'un HlRcincnt dans le procès ci-dessus intitulé, le soussigné, comme receveur, vendra à l'encan publie, à la résidence de Diyean Dugas, à la Coulée Croche, en cette paroisse, le MERCREDI, 27 Août, 1873, les propriétés ci-après d'écrites, savoir : Un maison de résidence, un magasin ik mats, deux cent quarante pieux, trois chevaux doux, quatre juments, un poulain, deux bœufs doux, nue àrnioir, une poêle, deux boisdelits, un lit et couverts, sept chaises, un lot de fourniture de table, une chaudière, deux jeunes vaches, 'deux cochons, un lot de barils, deux tables, un miette, un fusil, un lot. de colliers, un lot de volaile, une selle de dame, etc., etc. Conditions—Comptant. JOHN F. SMITH, Receveur. 15 août-2f. V. M. Wiltz vs. On«ar Halliard. pOIIR DE DISTRICT, PAROISSE ST. LAN ^ dry.—No. 1233t- —Eu vertu d'un ordre de sai sie et de v\uue, lancé par l'honorable la Huitième Cour île District de l'Etat de la Louisiane, dans et [mur la Paroisse St. Landry, dans le procès ci-i\essus intitulé, et il moi adressé, je procède rai à vendre a llencan public, à la Maison de Cour de la dite paroisse, dans la ville des Ope lousas, le SAMEDI, 6 Septembre, 1873. A otite' heures du matin, les propriétés ci-après décrites» savoir Un certain lot île terre, avec tontes le» bâtis ses et améliorations qui s'y trouvent, situé sur le Bayou Têehe, à. Arnaudville, paroisse St. Lan dry, ayant nn demi arpent de- face avec un demi arpent de profondeur, plu* ou moins, borné an sud par la terre Sellers, à l'ouest par les pro priétés do Sfiici-s et Mme. Théodore Richard, an iiowl par Paul Blanchard, et a l'est par le Bayou T«çK4 la diie propriété étant le même, transféré par I?. A. Gulibean à Oscar Bulliard, par act dit 20 Septembre, 1869, passé pardevant Fétréol p er . rodin, Notaire ; le dit hypothèque à été donné par le dit Oscar Bulliard à le dit P. S. Wilt/ par acte passé pardevant Omer Martin, Notaire Public, ile-la paroisse St. Martin, le 31 Mai, 1871. 1111 copie duquel est dûment enregistré dans k> bureau du Receu-deur des hypothèques pour h» l>aroisöü Landry, U' 23 Juin, 1871. Saisies dans le procès ci-dessus. Conditions—A un crédit de douze iuoîs » l'ac quéreur fournissant un caution nvcc dcs sécuri tés selon la loi. 13 août. S. O. HAYES, Shérif. \n\n THE OPILOTJSASJ^OÜMAL. J. W. JACKSON, Editor and Proprietor. TERMS: Subscription, per annum (inadvance.)... $2 00 Advertising, per inch, (nonpareil type)— 1 00 Transient advertisements, cash in advance. Judicial advertisements, cash in advance for notices of administration, of meeting of credit ors, and of tableaux ; and others payable after first insertion. STANDING ADVERTISEMENTS. Our tertns for standing advertisements will be found in the following resolutions adopted by the Press Convention at Baton Rouge, July 5th, 873—a square, three hundred and twelve ems lnonpareil, is just one inch in this paper : Resolved, That the following scale of rates be and the same is hereby adopted by the conven tion for all advertisements coming from adver tising agents: squares. 1 square... 2 squares 3 squares i squares.,.. 5 squares 6 squares 7 squares 8 squares 10 squares... 15 squares 20 squares ( 3 75 7 50 10 00 15 00 18 00 22 00 26 00 30 00 37 00 56 00 75 00 $ 6 50 12 00 15 00 22 00 28 00 33 00 39 00 45 00 56 00 84 00 112 00 $ 7 50 15 00 22 00 30 00 37 00 45 00 52 00 60 00 75 00 100 00 125 00 $12 00 22 00 33 00 45 00 56 00 66 00 78 00 90 00 112 00 125 00 175 00 B $20 00 32 00 42 00 55 00 66 00 76 00 88 00 100 00 125 00 175 00 275 00 Transient advertisements $1 50 per square, first insertion ; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents. Resolved, That the above scale of rates be and they are hereby made the basis upon which all contracts with advertising agents, must be made. Resolved, That a commission of twenty per cent, shall be allowed by publishers to adver tising agents, which amount shall be deducted from the scale of rates hereby adopted. Resolved, That payment on all contracts with advertising agents, shall be made quarterly in advance and in cash. Resolved, That a square shall consist of three hundred and twelve ems nonpareil or its equiva lent. OPELOUSAS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1873. Literary men can never be sure of hav ing said a smart thing unless they see the " proof." ^ The Lake Charles Echo says " a good saddler, and a good tinner, could maße a good living in Lake Charles." The State Kegister, of the 9th inst., says: "The orange crop is doing well this year, and the trees are bending with their weight of growing fruit." The State Register, of the 9th inst. says: "A budded orange tree will bear jn half the time that a seedling tree re quires. Now is a good time to bud." Down here we are in fear of the cater pillars eating up the cotton ; out in the West they are in fear of a grasshopper plague. There is always something wrong—something happening that we think oughtn't to happen. If it's not one thing, it's another. We call the attention of the members of the Police Jury, of the town councils, and all others of this parish, who are in terested personally or officially in deaf and dumb persons, to the circular, rela tive to this matter we publish from the trustees of the Louisiana institution for the deaf and dumb. Yellow Fever .—The New Orleans Republican of the 12th inst., says that uj) to the date of last report, only six deaths had been announced in that city from yellow fever, and adds that this was an error, as the actual number of deaths from that disease were only five ; and that there were five other cases, two of which had recovered, and the other three would soon recover. Printing Press for Sale .—The printing press of the Louisiana State Register is for sale. It is the same as the ote used in our office. With steam power it will print fifteen hundred per hour, The following is the notice offer ing it for sale : A faster press having become a neces sity in this office, the Hoe's Railway Press now in use, is offered for sale, at a bargain. It will do book work, all kinds of jobs, except very small ones, and will print from six hundred to eight hundred per hour. It is asgood as new, and can be Been at work ne.irly every day. Pos session given as soon as a new press can be received from New York. This is not exactly a case of seven women after one man, but Ann Eliza Webb, Brigham Young's seventh wife, has split the blanket with him and brought suit for $200,000 alimony^ $1000 per month pending the suit, and $20,000 counsel fees ; and it is stated that other suits of a like nature will soon be begun whether by the six preceding Ann Eliza or subsequent ones is not stated. But it would be advisable for them to hurry up before Ann Eliza gets it all, for $1000 a month, in addition to the $200,000 and $20,000, at the usual rate required for a suit to go throngh court, will make a pretty big hole in old Brigham's pocket, A Story .—Whether this story is true or false we do not know ; but it is told here, that recently down in the parish os St. Martin, Iberia, or somewhere down that way, an old widow lady whose children had all married off and left her alone, had been persuaded to sell her little place and live with them She sold her land, buildings and im provements one day for two thousand dollars, and received the money in cash on the spot, in her own house, where the act of sale was passed before two witnesses, the number required by law, and who witnessed also the payment of tlie money. In a short time she was to give possession, but she remained in the house the night following the sale, all alone, or with no masculine adult inmates, as washer custom. That night two negro burglars broke into the house and demanded her money or her life, She gave it to them, but begged them to let her have one hundred dollars of it, as she owed that amount, and wanted to pay the debt, when she wouuld be satisfied. They finally consented to to let her keep the hundred dollars. They then ordered her to make some coffee for theiH to drink. In doing so. she bethought herself of some strych nine she had in the house, and quietly dropped it in the pot of steaming coffee, and it placed on the table wife cups, spoons and su gar for them to pour outand sweeten to their taste. "This they did and drank in a jolly mood, each one hav ing nine hundred aad fifty dollars in his pocket. Bat in a few minutes the tables were turned. One gmz ap the ghost where he sat at the taMe in Ms chair, and the other got up, staggered off a few feet and tumbled over into eternity. The good old lady recovered her money, and on examining the per sons of the black burglarious jjobbers, they turned out to be the two witoeses to the act of sale, both white men, black ened for the occasion—both her neigh bors and one was her cousin. BLIND LEADEKS. Where are all fhe audacious deduc tions of science leading us? Profs. Darwin, Huxley, Tyndall, and that ilk j have at last given us the summum bonum of all their ideas on the evolu tion of the species. In a few words we will condense their voluminous record. They say: "We have clearly traced the origin of species back to Apes and Ascidians. We have followed the gradual development of the material nature of man. By chemical process we may resolve him again into.the atoms and gases which compose his wonderful frame. We have discovered too how emotion affects the brain, and the spiral motion of its mole cules either to right or left determines the masterful passions of love or hate. In fine, grant us a vision one degree clearer, and manipulations one degree more delicate and Ave will make you a creature of flesh and blood; we will arouse, at will, any passion in any de gree. In our explorations we have traced no essence not subjected to the universal laws of decay and death. What you call the soul, is an aggregate of atoms and your aspirations for immortality is certain combination of perishable molecules." This, in simple language and few words, is the meaning, the grand results of an age or more of scientific thought. But we must say these audacious deduc; tions are too much for unlearned equan imity. Granted the Apes and Ascidians granted too the rudimentary tail granted the theory of molecules; but whence comes the underlying passions which set them in motion, or the deeper underlying power which controls these passions, and which men call mind The complex machinery which makes a man's body may be subjected to chem ical tests and resolved into its original earthly elements ; but the mystery of the body is a minor mystery to us. That tremendous mystery of mind—the part of us, which no human sense can follow and which the yesterdays of past Ages and the To-day of Science, alike find im penetrable, we leave behind its veil Have we any'right, after these results of science, to turn with disgust from the gods of Egypt—the ox god, the dog and cat headed gods, the vi varies of sacred crocodiles, the sacred Ibis and the scav enger vulture ?—Have we not, reached the same point?—an adoration of the silent forces of nature, a kneeling be fore the veiled statue of Isis, the sym bolic image of the great Mother Nature with its despairful inscription—" I am all that has been, all that is and ever will be, but no mortal has yet lifted up my veil." Yes, these scientists tell us that Nature visible iu its working, is the sole creator and destroyer. These blind leaders who, to save their lives, could not trace the aroma of a flower in the air, ask us to believe that because the even more subtle essence of what we call soul, is not to be followed by human senses, that therefore it cannot exist. We will cheerfully leave them in their hog's wallow. We rejoice that they have clearly, and to their own satisfac tion, traced their genealogy back to Ape and Ascidian. We even regret, in their behalf, the rudimentary tail ; sure that it would make them much »happier if it was a clearly defined prehensile one where they might sport and frolic to heart's content. We are certain too it would be much better for the world at large if they had never come out of their festive brutishness. «They give us for light a phosphorescent glare, drawn from the death rottenness of matter, and expect us to cry, Glory ! We prefer the solemn glory of the stars leading us up into innumerable worlds, grand and ma jestic in their motion throngh infinite space. Worlds, many of them, so remote that, for thousands and thousands of years their light has been traveling to ward us and yet, with all the velocity of light, its first rays salute us to-night or yesterday. The plan of creation is too stupendous for the wisdom of man which is folly, to understand or investi gate fully. There must always remain a residue of mysteiy which the " rudimentary tail will never fathom. We can only say we prefer the old belief in a God, great enough to form creation, and wise enough to govern it when it was formed. Crops .—Planters have been busily employed since Monday pulling fodder and so far the weather has been favora ble for its preservation. It is believed the yield of corn throughout the parish will be sufficient for home consumption, particularly this vicinity, where the corn crop is better than it has been for sev era! years. Cotton is doing well and making rap idly. In many fields where the cotton was properly worked, planters say there is an average of from eight to ten grown bolls to the stalk. Caterpillars are to be found in most all of the fields, but they have done no serions injury to the cotton as yet We hear of but little alarm as to their destroying the cotton to any great extent.—[Vienna Sentinel, Aag. 9th. Hereafter we will pay postage on such papers as we desire to exchange with. We have waited some time for somebody to make some practical suggestion about this postage business, and finally Bro. Jackson, of the Opelousas Journal, who carries about as level ahead as any editor in the State, tells us what lie pro noses to do. The State Register there fore, following the example of the man of the Journal , will pay the postage on all exchanges received, if the post master will take a due bill for the ipon ey.~[Loui8iana State Register. After nine years it has been discovered that Gen. Longstreet'« tardiness at Get tysburg lost that battle to the Confede rates. We shall expect to hear very soon that the loss of Charleston was owing entirely to the inefficiency of Gen. Beauregard ; that Gov. Hebert and Gov, Mouton were never considered very Rood Southern men, and that they are now'entirely unworthy of public confidence or reshebtb. Wß doubt very much whether a}f or any of ttiege gen tlemen will bo very much disturbed by the criticisms or strictures of these late discoverers.—[Madison Journal. The Crops .—From personal inspec tion,of a portion and reports of the rest, we are pms&eA that the crops of this parish will turn o# utneh better than was expected a short "time ago. There is a good deal of cotton which, if not destroyed this mouth by the worm, will «take a bale to the acre, and also good, and even heavy corn crops, whilst the cane is generally fine.—[Rapides Gazette, Aug. 9th, the old story of waiting on prov idence, and providence re fusing to come. The following remarks will at once commend themselves to the reader : To the Editor of the New Orleans Times: There are thousands of industrious families in this State who want lands, and cannot obtain them. There are thousands who could pay for fifty acres iu five years, if they could obtain the lands, and have a fair chance to work them. It has been proved again aud again that small farmers are now making money in all parts of this State where they are frugal aud industrious. There is no place on this Continent where a prudent and managing farmer can make mpre money out of an acre of laud, than in Louisiana. Why do ten thousand families in this city and State, in vain ask landholders to sell them lands ou time, while they gaze upon eighteen millions acres of un cultivated, tax-ridden acres ? Why let these lands remain idle for ten years, depreciating iu value, iu pref erence to selling them to industrious and worthy poor men to l^e paid for in ten yearly installments ? The day an industrious farmer settles on idle lands, and commences improving and working them, he adds twenty-five per cent, to their value. We have in Louisiana all the elements of success and prosperity if landholders und capitalists would lead the way. In pite or bad government and high taxes liese idle fields and prairies slioufd be swarming with immigrants in two years, and thousauds of non -producers in our State should become producers. It is the apathy of our own people that blocks the way to success, more than political troubles. The Land Question. iiy feople can't get a chance to farm in louisiana. It is now, as before the late war; we do not propose to help ourselves. Poli ticians told as then that Northern Dem ocrats would prevent a war or fight our battles for us ; that "King Cotton" would battles tor us ; tuat lvmg cotton would light for us; that the English would j break the blockade after we were block aded; that Louis Napoleon and the French would help us ; that we would make the negroes fight for us. And many of our people are uow waitng for Northern capital, for Northern Demo crats, for Congress, for Providence, for "something to turn up." Jupiter will never help us until we put our own shoulders to the wheel. it. In curious contrast to this " o'er true tale" is a letter received at the Times office, addressed to Roundabout and signed "Clerk." The writer—anonym ous—complains of the prevalent dispo sition toward Texas by every one desir ous of farming, and aads : I have 1500 acres of the finest land in this State, a large portion of which has been uuder cultivation, the other well wooded and will be in demand in a short time by railroads now in course of con struction, and will no doubt be in full operation before three years have been added to our age ; one will run through the land, one within a mile, and a third within twelve miles; it is one of the most healthy and lovely portions of our State, with fish and game in abundance and the best grazing country to be found. Added to that is a large dwelling and outhouses, all waiting for a little cap ital and experience, of which I have neither. Now what can I do ? I would willingly sell one undivided half, with the understanding that the amount paid was to be used in stocking and carrying ou the place. But those who hâve an idea of farming think they must go to Texas. Why are there so many anxious to go there when better chances, with less risk, exist in our own State ? We venture to say that if "Clerk" would let himself be known, and dis tinctly offer advantages such as those extended by Mr. Cross, and published in the Times of yesterday, the Texas tendency he complains of would, in that degree, be checked. W e take the liberty of inquiring how the people are to divine that such possibilities exist, unless thfe proprietor invites attention to them. Even with the letter now furnished we are ready to assert that nobody will guess who " Clerk " is or where his"lands are situated. The trouble is that he, as well as other landowners, are unwilling to take the smallest trouble. With vast nlantations lying idle, producing noth ing, yet consuming large annual sums for taxes ; depreciating steadily in value, though capable of being turned to profit for hundreds beside themselves ; these gentlemen seem to rely upon Providence to send them customers. Providence failing to do this,- and emigration con tinuing, in its ignorance, to neglect Lou isiana, they complain. " Why do people insist on going to Texas, when they can get better lands and more liberal bar gains in Louisiana ? " Why, indeed, un less because Texas invites them and Louisiana don't? A Word for a Comrade .—The New York Times says Gen. Pendleton's statement in a public lecture that Gen. Longstreet was responsible for thç loss to the Confederates of the battle of Gettysburg, has called out, a letter from ex-Gov. B. G. Humphreys, of Mississip pi, who commanded a brigade in Long street's corps at the time. General Humphreys gives a vivid account of the three days battle, and contends that it was not General Longtreet who dis obeyed orders. He concludes: "Nine years after the battle comes Longstreet's turn, and not being in high feather and good oder with the Southern people, his 'unworthy ambition' and ' ill-temper with Lee,' is readily accepted as the true solution of the enigma of the loss at Gettysburg. My love for the true sol diers of the Southern Confederacy, true when we needed friends, has not failed me, and I may be but too prone to de fend them ; yet I am persuaded that when an impartial history of our civil war can be written, the military fidelity and heroic record of James Longstreet will shine bright among the brightest ornaments of the Confederate struggle for liberty and the independence of the South.—[Exchange. Influence of Happiness Over the Mind .—It should never be forgotten that the happier a child is the cleverer he will be. This is not only because, in a state of happiness, the mind is free, and at liberty for the exercise of its faculties, instead of spending its thoughts and energies in brooding over troubles, but also because the action of the brain is stronger when the frame is in a state of hilarity; the ideas are more clear ; impressions of outward ob jects are more vivid ; and the memory will not let thein slip. This is reason enough for the mother to take some care that she is the cheerful guide and comforter of her child. If she is anxious or fatigued, she will exercise some con trol over herself, and speak cheerfully, and try to enter freely into the subject of the > moment j to meet the child's mind, in short, Instead of making him sink for want of companionship. The Shreveport Tintés saw of Pro fessor Dimitry and his appointment to a fiosition in the customhouse in New Or eans, that "he is one of the ripest fciiolars m America, and organized the first systfto? of public schools in this State. Professor BiäjjtrV retains his splendid intellectual facultièà, ai)d , is universally honpjsd and beloved by his fellow-citizens. Were tho goyeruiH« to make a few more such appointmen we should begin to believe that it had some sense oCjnstice left, and that the President desired to have the good will of öwr people."—[Madisou Journal. A Legitimate Inference—That adent , ist's office is a drawing-room. Grapes and Grape Lauds. vast wine and fruit regions in lou isiana and mississippi. To the Editor of the N. O. Times : On the 2d inst., we were at the "Car Works," on the Jackson Railroad, nearly seventy miles from New Orleans, and in the evening we went to the residence of Mr. David Manard, two miles distant. Mr. Manard was one of the first, if not the very first, who commenced the ex perimeut of graue culture ou the Jack sou Railroad. He planted the first Cou cord vine iu 1800. Some of his grapes brought in the New Orleans market a dollar aud fifty cents a pound. The same kind of grapes has this year re tailed at ten cents a pound. Money can be made in selling them at five cents and less. Iu 1869 Mr. Manatd sold half an acre of grapes from vines three years old for four hundred dollars. The average price was fifty cents a pound that season. COST OF VINEYARDS PER ACRE. The Manard family, McDaniel Ma nard and his two sous, have had val uable experience in grape culture, aud from them we obtain the principal facts contained in this article. Concord grape vines should be set about eight feet apart iu the row, and the rows about six feet apart, or about a thousand vines to the acre. Some plant but seven hundred ond fifty to the acre. It requires about five hundred posts to the acre. These cost live cents a piece, or $25 to the acre. Wire for trel lises about $50. The vines cost about $30 a thousand, and as low as $25. When two years old each vine will yield from two to two aud a half pounds of grapes. The fourth year, from five to ten pounds to the viue if properly cultivated and managed. VARIETIES OF GRAPES CULTIVATED. More than twenty varieties of grapes are cultivated uear the Jackson Rail road. The following are considered the best : The Concord, a good table aud wine grape, is sweeter aud better iu this than in higher latitudes. The largest are about au inch in diameter, j hundred grapes in the largest clusters ; Ives's seedling, large, fine, black grape, ripens two weeks sooner than the Concord, a good table and wine grape, yields, according to Mr. Herwig's experiments, made at his place near Areola, twice as much brandy as the Concord. It is a good bearer. Catawba, lilac colored brown, a good grape but not as good as in higher lati tudes. Tennessee, light amber, not as large as the Concord, or quite as good, but firm, beautiful, and will bear shipping better than any of the other grapes. It is thought that it would bear shipping to Europe. Diana, paie red, small compact clus ters, sweet, and excelleut table grape. Delaware, pale red, a good grape. Warren, large clusters, much smaller berries than the Concord, pleasant acid, a superior wine and table grape, ripens the latter part of July. Hartford prolific, black, smaller than the Concord, sweet, a good table grape, but not suited to low latitudes. Roger's grapes—Several kinds of the Roger's grapes, No. 14,15,16 and 19 are cultivated by the Mauards. Most of them are large, black, excellent grapes. One kind is larger than the Con cord. These are the best of over twenty varieties of grapes cultivated in the vineyards of the Jackson Railroad. It usually takes up about thirteen pounds of grapes to a gallon of wine, according to the experiments of the Ma nard family. The largest yield of Con cord grapes should produee over seven hundred gallons of wiue to the acre, ten pounds of grapes to the vine and a thousand vines. cultivation. The expense of cultivating a vineyard is small. The pruning, tying up the viues, thinning out an excess of young clusters, keeping the ground clear of weeds and grass, can be accomplished without hard labor, aud without pres sure as to time. With wire trellises, and posts seasoned aud the bottoms dipped into hot coal tar, hardly any re pairs will be needed for twenty years. crates, boxes, and freights. The crates and boxes for twenty-four pounds cost thirty-four cents. The freight to New Orleans is usually about ten cents a crate, aud to Louisville, by express, fifty cents. The Jackson Rail road Company has put the freights very low, to encourage the establishing of vineyards in this section of country. area of louisiana grape lands. Thus far all experiments in the cul tivation of the Concord, Scuppernong, and several other kinds of grapes, on the pine lauds of this State, Mississippi, and Alabama, have been successful. The vine and the grape are healthy, and the yield prolic. There are over six million acres of these lands in Lou isiana alone, and large surfaces of the same kind of lands in Alabama and Grapes also grow.wellon the islands along the cost of Louisiana, on the Côte Gelée hills of Attakapas, and on the bluff lands of the State, and on most of the other lands. We have every reason to believe that grapes and wine will in time become highly impor tant productions in the State, aud their value reckoned in millions instead of thousands of dollars. The ample sup ply of home made wines may check the ravages of the whisky plague, and the abuudance of grapes may be of great advantage to the health of the people, as well as a cheap luxury for the multi tude in city and country. strawberry culture. Mr. Manard has had some experience in strawberry culture in the pine lauds of the Jackson Railroad. He says straw berries may be produced for the New Or leans market from March to Juue, three months. Wilson's Albany bears three mouths, and is prolific, and bears shipping remarkably well. In a good season they produce a second crop, blossoming in October, and bearing ripe fruit by Christmas. apples, pears and home-made tea Soine of the early varieties of apples do remarkably well in pine lands of the Jackson Railroad. In size and quality they would be no discredit to the apple orchards in higher latitudes. The Barlet pear does admirably in this county. There is no doubt that this and many other varieties will be extensively raised in this section of Lou isiana, as the country becomes more densely settled. There is no doubt that the tea plant will be cultivated to an extent sufficient to supply a large number of families with tea made on their own farms, and cannetl fruits will be put, up in large quantities. _ At Mr. Manard's,his daugh ter, Miss Eliza, had on the family table as elegant a sample of home-canned pears as we have ever tasted, and a cup of tea from a home, grown plant which could easily have been mistaken for an excellent quality of tea grown in China. Mr. Manard has discovered a me tho t. of curing this tea which is quite impor tant. Tue leaves merely taken from the shrub and dried makes a cup of tea that is not very palatable. new orchards and vineyards. Many new orchards and vineyards are being sjartßd on and in the vicinity of the Jackson Railroad, with even - confidence iff 'success. ' Sit-. Riissel Ma pa^ agd Mr. Kj Manard, sons'of P.^fîd Manard, encouraged by their own ex perience and that, of their father, in fruit cidture in this couutry since 1860, will extend their fruit interests near In dependence, not seventymilesf roni New Orleans, to the extent of their ability fi nancially and physically. Good Advice. what a foreign merchant thinks about us. too much grumbling and not enough work. [From the New Orleans Times.] For some time past the editorial col umns of a leading journal have been employed in labored efforts to establish on a sound basis the fallacy that exces sive taxation is the root of all our evils. Copious extracts from prominent writers on political economy have been strained to meet the case, but no evidence has been, or we believe, can be produced to warrant the assertion. These efforts are injurious. They lead the public mind from the consideration of the other causes that so largely contribute to our present condition and prevent any exertions being made to remedy them. We do not wish to bu understood to advauce the opinion that excessive taxation is not injurious to the pros perity of a people, for we are well aware that it is. But we assert, and will en deavor to show that our evils are in a great measure the effects of other causes. Ou a certain evening of last week the writer met at the table of one of our influential citizens, a prominent foreign merchant, who, in his travels through this country, visited our city and re mained with us a few days. His views are of importance, as they are not the result of auy political bias; they spring frofn a close and an impartial inspec • tion of our peculiar systems. Dinner being concluded, the wine and cigars were passed around, and under the influence of these post prandial comforts the conversation became easy. Our host is numbered among the staunch advocates of the theory spoken of in the introduction hereto, and labored most assiduously to uphold it, but his guest proved too much for him. The discussion arose from an assertion by the guest that he noticed in traveling South that the more improvident nature seemed to have been in the reckless bestowal of her favors, the more indo lent the people were. He had traveled through the East and West, where na ture had done but little for the country, where the land was poor, and the cli mate bleak and cold, yet there the very rocks were made to produce. In this section of country, where you had but to tickle the land with the hoc for it to laugh a harvest, field after field was given over to the briar and the bramble, and apparently no efforts were made to reclaim them. He had been at a loss to account for tiiis, but after a few days sojourn with its, and a careful reading of our papers, be easily com prehended the situation. Host—" The cause of our deplorable condition, sir, is apparent to the most superficial thinker. As you came South and noticed the increasing desolation, you were approaching the centre of carpet-bag rule. Taxation is so ruinous that it is impossible for our planters to successfully conduct their plantations, and in the few instances where they have made money it has beeu wrested from them by the audacious rogues who kave blighted the land by their baleful influence."' Guest—" If is true I have been but. a short time in your Southern country, aud it may seem presumptuous in me to enter into a discussion as to the cause of your want of prosperity ; but I am a quick observer, and think I have mas tered your situation already. You err in attaching too much importance to taxation ; you attribute all your evils to it, and would lead me to believe that your failure in producing profitable crops upon your plantations is owing to exorbitant taxation. You believe it yourself, and would so impress every one else. I hold that such is not the case. Taxation has little to do with it. This particular calamity is the result of a defective system of labor. The pro duction of sugar in the British West Indian colonies, after the abolition of slavery there, was materially reduced, and the colonists ever after complained of the difficulty of obtaining a sufficient supply of labor, aud of its high price. It was believed by many that such a state of things would be temporary on ly ; that free is always in the end cheaper than slave labor, and that it would not be long before labor would be more abundant and wages lower ip these is lands than in those where slavery was maintained. The result was otherwise, aud clearly established the fact that some sort of compulsory labor is indis pensable to the profitable raising of su gar. Hayti, though the most fruitful of the West Indian Islands, and though it furnished, when a colony of France, immense quantities of sugar, to-day scarcely furnishes a single ton. If this be true of the islands where the season for the culture of cane is unlimited, how much truer must it be of your State, where your season is limited ! It is impossible to bring whites into competition with blacks in out-of-doors labor in tropical countries ; and as there are no grounds for thinking that eman cipated blacks will voluntarily under take the drudgery of sugar-planting, it would seem that compulsory or slave labor is not merely the cheapest that can be so employed, but that it is indis pensable to the successful prosecution of the business. I do not state this as any vindication of slavery, but as being the only conclusion which can be legit imately deduced from the case, aud to show that you are being ruined by the system you are pursuing, and not alone by taxation." "Host—"What would yon have us do, abandon our sugar estates ?" Guest—" By no means. I would have you cease planting on the same princi ple with free labor that governed your planting when you had slave labor. Year after year of failures should have convinced you that your cane culture under the present system of labor is un profitable, and that you ought to take steps to correct it. You readily com prehend that there is a screw loose some where, but you cannot bring yourselves to face the real evil. Yon send to foreign lands for fresh seed, as if the seed you have was defective. Hut, sir, ma^k my words! You may send the world over and procure the best seed to be pur chased, but nndei* the present system of labor you will never profitably culti vate sugar cane." Host—" If we are not to cultivate su gar, what are we to do ?" Guest—"I understand that in this section of country rice will grow with very little cultivation. Y ou have but to scatter the grain throughout your fields, and prevent the birds from eating it up. After it appears above the ground all i? needs is occasional irrigation. "This be ing the case,'Louisiana could be made the greatest rice producing State in the Union. You would make more money off your rice than you ever did from su gar. Besides it would not require the great outlay of money that sugar plant ing does, and the apparatus for cleaning it is not half so cos;t|y as a sytgar mill and appurtenances. In view' of these facts, I would have your agriculturists abandon the cultivation of carie, and take «at of rice. But you never pon der these things. You are taught to be lieve that the very instant the present exorbitant rates of taxation are reduced, you will be like so many Midases— everything you touch will turn to gold. Hence, believing taxation to be the wiree of all your trouble^ you pyei- look th e other e'Aiisës that are daily con spiring to keep you poor." Host—" I admit that I never looked at the subject in the light in which you put it. I have always considered taxa tion the cause of all our evils." Guest—" The entire population of the »rural districts of the South are engaged in the Cultivation of cotton. They ship that cotton to New Orleans, where it is sold and the proceeds appropriated to j the payment of the cost of cultivation. The planter has purchased certain sup- i T plies, consisting of pork and cotton | goods. The pork is purchased ill the j West, the cotton goods from the East. When these are paid for, the planter finds he has nothing left front the sale of his crop. It appears then that your ueople are working for the profit, of their Northern brethren. If you go in- j to foreign markets to purchase at a lower rate than you can buy them at home goods similar to those manufac- , tnred in New England, you are forced ! ity protection laws to pay a duty which, ! m the end, makes your foreign pur- ; chases as dear as if you had bought them at home. You annually raise four | million bales ot cotton, for which you | receive three hundred and twenty mil lions of dollars, most of which goes in to the pockets of Northern manufac turers aud Western pork packers. Sup pose that instead of grumbling about j the high rates of taxation, you were to turn your attention to manufacturing, what would be the result ? In a few short years a large fraction of the pro ceeds of the sale of your cotton crop would remain in the South, and be dis tributed among the people ; and when public improvements are needed, you will have capitalists at home to furnish the money, and there would be uo fur ther necessity for looking to Northern bankers for it. "It has been ascertain prl tint over 11 IM* men .iscenaineu tnat ovei three hundred and fifty thousand work people are engaged in the factories of England, and beside these a vast, popu lation derives a livelihood from the manufactures of cotton, wool, flax and silk, such as the hand-weavers, the framework knitters, the lace makers, lace runners, muslin sewers, etc. I think it may be safe to affirm that up ward of one-eighth of the population of England is actually employed in manu factures ; and probably not more than one-sfsteenth in agriculture. If we consider, moreover, how much greater a mass of production a laborer, whether young or old, is equal to in power driven manufactures than in husbandry, the wonder is that your people have not long ere this turned their attention to manufacturing. With such a demand for labor as the adoption of this indus try would create, you could draw to you an honest and thrifty population from Europe, and thus gradually create a power that would more than counter balance any political influence. But you do not turn your attention to these subjects. Your time is occupied in la menting the loss of your old luxurious life and in vainly clinging to your old traditions. You seem to forget that, a great war has been fought, • during the pendency of which your country progressed a century." Host—" My dear sir, you talk of erect ing factories as if this was the home of the fabled gods, and our citizens so many Vulcans who could rear the grand est structures ifi a night. Where is the money to come from for all this ? We are aii impoverished people." Guest—"It takes no more to build and run a first-class factory than it does to purchase and run one of your first-class sugar estates. I was on a plantation a few days ago, where the machinery alone cost over seventy five thousand dollars, and the proprietor told me that it required over thirty thousand dollars to raise his crop. Where does this money come from? If parties can be found to advance a sum like this upon an uncertain crop, it strikes me there should be no difficulty in finding merchants who would will ingly advance like amounts toward the erection of a cotton manufactory. "These, sir, are my views on your situation. These are necessarily crude, but, 1 think will bear the test of analy sis. I will add that it has long been a matter of surprise to foreigners that the South with her rich lands and well watered country lias not freed herself from the shackles of New England and become a manufacturing country. If she will only turn her attention to it now and exert her brains and energies, in a short time she will become as great and sovereign as she was before the war." The Value op Time .—Hang this in the library, parlor, office, store, shop, or some other place where it will be seen : " What does it matter if we lose a few minutes in a whole day?" "Answer Time Table: (days in a year, 313; work ing hours in a day, 8.) Days. li. in. 5 miuutes lost each day is. in a year, 3 2 5 10 minutes lost each day is, iu a year, r, 4 10 20 minutes lost each day is, in a year, 12 8 20 30 minutes lost each day is, in a year, 19 4 30 60 minutes lost each day is, in a year, 39 1 80 We trust that the above will touch the hearts of those who called in to sec you 'just for a minute.' " Rice Pudding .—One quart of rich milk, one-half cup of rice, one-half cup of sugar, a little salt. Bake in a slow oven, and keep stirring occasionally until you wish the crust to form. Flavor with nutmeg; add raisins, if you choose. This makes a small pudding." Some women are so delicate that they are afraid to ride, for fear of the horse running away ; afraid to ride, for fear the dew might fall ; afraid to sail, for fear the boat will upset ; but they are never afraid to get married, which is more riskful than all the other put to gether. Plre Water .—We should let the water standing in our water-pipes run a minute before we take a drink or use for cooking in the morning, and ingoin, , into a new house, or into one in which water-pipes have just been placed A man in Norwalk the other day drank three pints of Jersey Lightning and six teen glasses of lager on a wager. His coffin was a plain one, and the funeral procession very small. The right man in the right place—A husband at home in the eveuin<î. Life is a corduroy road, the faster you travel the^more you get goltcd. A sufferer complains that squeaking boots " murder sleep" in church. - ♦ ; ♦ Louisiana Institution Tor tlie Deaf and Dumb. Baton Rouge, La ., July, 1873. To the Police Juries, the Municipal Authorities andfriends of the Deaf andDumb in Louisiana: Tlie Trustees of the Louisiana Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb, call your attention to this unfortunate class, ami the pro vision made for them by the. State, ju this Insti tution. All the Deaf between the ages of eight and twentj^flye, of sound physical and mental constitutions, will be admitted and provided with instruction, board, lodging, medicine and medical attendance at the expense of the Insti tution ; and all those in such indigent circum stances as shall appear by a certificate of auy member of the police jury of the parish, or may or qf the city, where they reside, to render such aid necessary, will also be furnished with cloth ing and traveling expenses to the Institution. The Institution alsoaift>r<te a mechanical depart ment in which instruction is'given in such trades as may be beat suited to render the pupils self sùstaînilig citizens. The education of the deaf is of peculiar importance to them and to the State ; but from want of information, indigence or other reasons 011 the part of parents, less than half in the State ayail themselves of the privil eges afforded. This is all wrong; hence the Trus tees earnestly call the attention of all proper authorities to* the duty of seeing that all the deaf in their respective parishes or cities, are inform ed of the privileges provided, and that ill of indigent circumstances, means he pMvia# for conveying stich to tfii^ institution. Proper provision wili leit;aocfftr with while and colored. In ca^e flf fiuy (leaf kh'owii at this Instituai to bo ih your city or parish, tho names are append ed to this letter. Should you know or learn of others, their address is earnestly desired. Gov. \V. P. K kuxkms, ex-officio, | H. Newell, Esq., H. S hohtkx, Esq., Hon . J. H. Buucn, L. Brkiiel. .T. McVay, Es ^., Snp't. J. A. McWOKTliEK, cx-officio, I I Trustees of T«> J-Institutfou for Deaf & Dumb. Proceeding« of the Board of Police of «he Town of Opeiou»a». Thursday , August 7th, 1873. T J &SÜV?' M , , ,on ï' P"»V lent : v,c tor u-ieiii/e,/uirt ^'.hu pSv ey ' Louis tlir clerk bring alisent, on account of sickness the President nominated J. Posey in his stead pro tern. , Mr. Samuel M. Peters presented uu account of $20 tor services as deputy Constable iluriiicr tho illness of officer Octave Prud'homme, Esq. Ap proved, aiul warrant ordered to issue in pay ment thereof Haid amount to lie deducted from ti»" salary of the constable proper. A plat of survey of the extension of Mrfin street, having been submitted by Mr. Edgar anhillc, the same was adopted as part of the pose committee appointed for that pur The Treasurer submitted his report to date as follows : 1 iu > fnr Taxes and Licenses Licenses and Mark,Tdücs « _____ Total $9«}3 08 An account of tlie "OpclousaH Courier,*' $1.% for printing 0110 thousand tax receipts, was pre sented and ordered to lie paid by warrant. Also, claim of J. J. Morgan, Esq., as Town Attorney,, for two quarters of 1872, beginning in April of that year, amounting to $50, approved ami the usual warrant ordered in satisfaction thereof. On motion of L. B. Cuney, resolved, that the Constable lie authorized to equally divide, the stalls on the, south side of the marlict house. On motion of Mr. Lejeune, resolved, that the Board rent Iiis room 011 Beltevue street, for the use of the Council, at tlie rate of thirty dollars per annum ; and that during the incapacity of Mr. Hebrard, the Clerk, to attend to the remov al of the books and papersof his office, J. Posey, Esq., be appointed custodian of the same. Adopted. On motion of J. Posey, resolved, that we again tall the attention of all residents to the absolute necessity of cleanliness on their prem ises, and the free use of disinfectants, at the present, season, as. an essential means of preserv ing the seneral health. The Sanitary committees, recently appointed by the President of this Board, view wit h regret that a / i ' ii ' citizens mill/ have complied with the, requirements of the, late Ordinance on this sub ject. Adopted. On motion the Board adjourned. Approved H. LATO UK, President. Attest : John Posey , Clerk pro tem, DIED : IIAYES—In Opelousas, on the 9th inst., Pierce F. Hayes, son of Sheriff E. O. Hayes, aged 19 years, 11 months and 20 days. _ MAN,SO—On the 9th inst., ill Opelousas, Léon Manso. aged about 42 years. The deceased was a member of Opelousas Pire ( ompauy No. 2, and was buried by ttieCompany. Opelousas Pire Company No. 1 and Opelousas Hook and Ladder Company No. l, attended the funeral in company uniform and order. 1VEW ADVERTISEMENTS. THE ANIVUAI, EI.ECTION OP OF. tieers of Opelousas Fire Co. No. 2, will be held at the engine house, on Wednesday, Sep tember 3d, 1873, at 2 o'clock 1'. M. EDGAR VANHILLE, Foreman. Emile Lasallk , Sec'y. aug. i5-3t. TO MIUJAK PLANTER*. Sugar planters should hear in mind the heavy animal losses they sustain by having an inferior article of sugar made. The undersigned offers to boil sugar at two dollars per hogshead, furnishing the necessary ingredients at his own expenses, except Sulphur or Bi-Sulphate and Lime. He also offers to sell the "Right" to use his ingredients at tin* rate of fifty cents per lihd. Good sugar made out of bad and sour canes. Satisfaction guaranteed in both cases or ho pay. Apply at once to C. Mayo, Esq., Opelousas, or to the undersigned iu person, at Arnaudville, La ang. lt)-5t. WM. J. H ARGRODER. iNaac Shook vs. J. A. Joli 11*011. MAGISTRATE'S COURT, FIRST WARD, ST. Landry.—No. By virtue or a writ of fieri facias, issued by the Honorable J.F.Knox, .Tus tiee of the Peace, First Ward, St. Landry, iu the above entitled suit," and to me directed, I will proceed to sell at public auction, at tho Courthouse of said parish, in the town of Ope lousas, on WEDNESDAY, the 27th day of Au gust, 1873, at eleven o'clock a. m ., the following described property, to-wit— A certain wreck of the steamboat " Cobweb," now lying in the Bayou Corn-tableau, below Bar ry's Landing—the same having been offered for ale. on the lotli day of July, 1873, by me; the terms of the sale were not. complied with. Seized in the above suit. Terms—Cash. VALERY ROY, Constable. Joseph Richard vn . Ouezime Babincan t )ISTRICT COUKT. PARISH OF ST. LAN dry.—No. 12338.—By virtue of a judgment in the above entitled suit, tlie undersigned, as re ceiver, will sell at public sale, at the residence of Déjean Dugas, oil Coulée Croche, in said par ish, on WEDNESDAY, August 27th, 1873, the following described property, viz : One dwelling house, one corn iionse, two*hun dred and forty pieux, three gentle horses, one colt, two geutle beeves, one annoir, one stove, two bedsteads, one bed and bedding, seven chairs, one lot of table furniture, one iroupot, two heifers, two hogs, one lot of barrels, two tables, one spinning wheel, one shot gun, one lot of collars, one lot of poultry, one side saddle, etc., etc. Terms—Cash. john F. smith, Receiver. ang. l5-2t. P. S. Wiltz v». Oxt-ar Halliard. TVISTRICT COURT, PARISH OF ST. LAN J dry.—No. 1-2337.— By virtue of au order of seizure and sale, issued out of the honorable the Eighth District Court, of the. State of Louisiana, in and for the Parish of St. Landry, in the abovo entitled suit, aud to me directed, I will proceed to sell, at public auction, to the highest bidder, at the Courthouse, of said parish, in the town of Opelousas, 011 SATURDAY» th<t> 6th day of Sep tember, 1873, at eleven o'clock a. m ,, the follow ing described property, to-wit— A certain lot of ground, with all the buildings and improvements thereon, situAtedon Bayou Teche, at Arnaudville, parish of St. Landry, having a front of one-half arpent, and one-half arpent in depth, more or less, bounded south by land of Sellers, west by property of Sellers ami Mrs. Theodore Richard, north l»y Paul Blanoh ard and east by Bayou Teche ; said property be ing the same transferred by U. A. (îtiubeau t«». Oscar Bulliiird, by act of September 2»th, 186!> V passed before Fcrreol Perrodin, Notary: said; mortgage was given by said Oscar Bumarft to, said P. S. Wiltz, by act pjissed before Omer Mar tin, a Notary Public, of the parish of St. Martin, May 31st, 1871. a copy- of which is duly recorded in the office, of tlie Recorder of mortgages for tlie parish trf St. Landry, 011 the 23d of June, 1871. Seized in the above suit. Terms— Ou a credit of twelve months, purcha ser furnishing bond and security ace wiling tu law. aug. 15. E. O. IT A V KS. Sheriff.