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THE OPGLOtSAS JOURNAL.
OI'EI.OUSAS, PBIDAT, AUGUST 15, 1873. LOCAL ITEMS. We have had showery weather this week, and all feel grieved thereat. Sugar cane has been peddled about town for sale this week, at five cents a stalk. Some one was in town this week, from about Big Cane, and said that they had not been troubled with rain in that neigh borhood and down this way on Bayou Bœuf for ten days. Religious .—The Baptists and Meth odists have recently had protracted re vival meetings, at Big Cane in this parish. Thirteen converts joined the Baptist church, and twenty-six the Methodist. We see that Proctor &. Gamble's Ex tra Olive Soap is becoming very popular in our town, its quality we know is su perior, and being nicely perfumed we are not surprised that consumers prefer it, and that it lias a large sale. The caterpillars are now webbing up the second time. The third crop will break out in September. The third crop is the last one, and the one that gener ally sweeps the cotton. Sometimes it is a small one and does not make a clean sweep. Much depends on the size of the third caterpillar crop this year. Mr. R. A. Newell, a planter residing on Bayou Bœuf in the upper part of this parish, called on us last Tuesday. He stated that the caterpillars Ave re worse on his place than on the places of any of his neighbors, but he did not expect them to destroy his cotton. His reason was, that last year they came earlier and did not dest roy it. It appeared from the list of town war rants recorded in the warrant book as issued, which we published last week, that one party had been paid sixty dol lars for digging a ditch. On referring to the minutes of the proceedings of the Board, wherein the warrant was order ed, we discover that it was ordered for only six dollars ; and the party receiving it, says it"was made for only six, which was the amount of Ihe claim. There was probably a mistake in the entry. One of the saddest occurrences hap pened here last week. Our Sheriff lias two grown sons. The marriage of one was announced last week and last Sat urday we printed funeral tickets for the other. At the time of his brother's mar riage he was not thought seriously ill ; and being young, not twenty years old, it was not thought that he could die. But There is a Keaper, whoso name is Death, Anil, with his sickle keen, He reaps the bearded grain at a breath, And the flowers that grow between. Hogs .—We call the attention of our town council to the hogs running about the streets in violation of the town or dinance. In some parts of the town, we are told, they are doing considerabfe damage to ditches and sidewalks with their snouts ; and we have heard com plaints that the town have no right to make people do their own ditching and then let other people's hogs loose to fill the ditches up again. We hope the town will get after the hogs. Not an Explosion —Last Wednes day evening, at the residence of Col. J. M. Thompson, in this town, a colored woman fell, in the kitchen or servant's room, with a burning lamp in her hand. As she fell her hand flew up, giving the lamp a toss, which struck something and broke, scattering the oil, which caught fire, about on things generally. Some of her own clothing was injured and burnt, but no serious damage done, t&e fire being soon extinguished by slapping it with a pillow. Dentistry .—Dr. Stewart, referred to in the following letter, is now in Ope leusas, practicing his profession. He can be found at Dr. Campbell's former office on Church street. Dr. Kirkman of Lake Charles, who recommends him, is too well known in Southwestern Lou isiana, as an intelligent physician and gentleman for his statements and re commendation to be questioned ; Lake Charles, Parish op Calcasieu, ) July 5th, 1873. 5 t o Anderson t Dear Sir—Allow mo to introduce to your ac quaintance Dr. Steward, who is visiting your town for the purpose of practicing dentistry. The Doctor has been with us, here in Lake Charles, for some time, doing a large practice, and every one seems to be well pleased with his work; f vi fact, X pin fully recommend his work myself. Yours very respectfully. W. H. KIRKMAN, M. D. The Question of Ditching .—In com pliance with the requirements of the town Council some persons are opening the ditches in front of their lots, and some have not moved in the matter. Now if that is the law, and they should fail to comply with it, the town govern ment should have the law executed. If it is not the law, or if the town govern ment fail to have it executed, the money expended by those who have ditching done, should be refunded ; and if only a few do ditching, they should take steps to recover the money spent by them from the town. The town has no right to make some ditch and let others off. The town has no right to ditch for some at the public expense, and make others do their own ditching. The rule that works this way, bears too heavily 011 one side. The way to bring the law and constitu ted authority into disrepute, is to let them be disregarded. When the law is promptly executed by the constituted authorities, both law and authorities are respected. At all events, the law-abiding should not be made to do their own work and that of those who disregard the law, as will be the case if some are not made to open their ditches. After the lapse of sufficient or reasonable time, we will call attention to this matter again; and if necessary we will give names and places where the ditches were not open ed—not out of personal considerations, bit to show the town government where it neglects to have the law enforced. The law says: "The owner or occu ltant of any house or lot, shall be bound to keep clean and in good order the ditches or drains in front thereof, so as to admit a free passage of water therein, to the satisfaction of the supervisor, un der a penalty of five dollars for each neglect." * • • ! ] : • A Battle in Old Grand Prairie. caused CYAN old feud AND occasion ed by a fisticuff. carroll blackman, alexandre VI drine and dreux guillory killed, and augustin guillory mor tally wounded. Last Mornday morning one of those terrible tragedies which all communi ties are occasionally liable to, occurred at Old Grand Prairie in this parish. Recently"there was a Saturday night ball in that neighborhood, which was attended by two young men, Dreux Guillory and Felix Soileau, who quar relled. It was agreed that the difficulty should be settled by a regular old Cre ole list duel ; and Monday morning last was fixed upon as the time, and the place was Point Meyon,apointof woods extending from the Bayou Cocodrie in to Old Grand Prairie, near widow Alex andre Fonteuot's house, two miles from Stagg's store, on the right of the road leading from Washington to Ville Plate, about three quarters of a mile from said road, about eight miles from ashington, and thirteen or fourteen miles from Opelousas. Last Sunday week Guillory had had one of these fist duels with a young man named Auguste Pierre Fontenot, at the coffee-house of Lucius Fontenot in Ville Plate Prairie. This last men tioned affair arose, it seems, from this: Some twelve or eighteen more months ago, Auguste Pierre Fontenot, now aged about twenty-one, was with several others younger than himself in the -woods, probably near Guillory's, gath ering nuts, and Guillory with his party ordered him off ; and- Fontenot' s party being the weaker, he thought it pru dent to retire. Guillory was then about sixteen years old. Fontenot, it seems, expressed dissatisfaction at the way he had been treated, did not think he had been fairly dealt with, and wanted sat isfaction. This came to the ears of Guillory, and now being seventeen or eighteen years of age, he went to Fon tenot's house and informed him that he had come to whip him. Guillory's fa ther was with him as a second or friend. The fight came off at the store above mentioned and Guillory was the victor. It is said that he had quite a number of other fights of this nature on his docket, but the next one was the affair last Monday with Felix Soileau, whiçh led to the battle of Old Grand Prairie. Before giving an account of this, we will endeavor to state some previous • events which caused the hostile state of feeling between the combatants, that was likely at any time, under favorable • circumstances, to precipitate bloodshed. Mr. Augustin Guillory, an old gen ! tleman between sixty-five and seventy, ] but still vigorous and fierce and vindict : ive, is the father of Benjamin, Cyriaque and-Dreux Guillory, and father-in-law of Angelas Prud'homme. A quarrel of •one of the family is the quarrel of all; -and their feuds are as fierce and deep • and long enduring as were those of the ancient Scotch highlanders. Indict ments have been pending for a consid erable time against Benjamin and •Cyriaque Guillory and Angelas and Louis Prud'homme for the murder of ■James McDaniel, 011 the 27th June '1869. These indictments have been pending since October 20th, 1871 ; and from that time the parties accused be came fugitives from justice. Louis Prud'homme was arrested and turned State's evidence. Angelas Prud'homme was arrested and tried at the last term ■of our District Court, found guilty with out capital punishment and sentenced to the penitentiary where he is now serving out his sentence. Previous to this the two Guillorys, Benjamin and -Cyriaque, had been pursued into Texas, on a warrant from here, and arrested. They obtained their release there on a writ of habeas corpus, because the war rant of arrest had not been endorsed by the authorities in Texas. Three of the persons composing the posse that made the arrest were Aristide Ortego, Carroll Blackman and Alexandre Vidrine They reside in the Guillory neighbor hood, or that section of the parish ; and two of them were killed at the fight in Old Grand Prairie last Monday morning. From the time of the arrest in Texas there have been mortal enmity and never dying hate between the Guillorys and them. When the crowd assembled at Point Meyon, last Monday morning, all these parties were present, except the two Prud'hommes —Angelas is in the peni tentiary, and Louis does not inhabit that section any longer—and Benjamin and Cyriaque Guillory, who were and are still refugees. Mr. Augustin Gjjil loiy, it seems, was one of the seconds or backers of his son, in the fight with Soileau, and Carroll Blackman was the friend of Soileau, The account we first give is from memory and from those who profess to give an impartial one. Mr. Guillory the old man, is very excitable, fractious and insulting, and always quick to grab his pistol, Before the first fight began, he tried to pick a quarrel with Black man by calling him hard names and using insulting language to him gene rally. Some of them coaxed him a little, and asked him not to get up a row un til the fist fight was over, when there would be an open field for all who were inclined to fight. The fisticuff began and Soileau soon cried enough, because, it is said, Mr. Guillory, the old man came too near nervously handling his pistol. Soileau expected to be shot and as he ran off, was shot at by Guillory and grazed but not seriously hurt. Then a difficulty began between Guil lory, fère, and Carroll Blackman Guillory approached him with his pis tol, and began abusing him and made use of language that Blackman told him he must take back and that he must not draw his pistol. One of Blackmau's friends jumped between them and seized Blackman around the arms, and endeavored to push or pull him away, while Blackman endeavored to free himself from his grasp, holding his pis toi in his hand. Dreux Guillory. had also got in front of his father.* Wliile Blackman'i friend was holding him, and pulled him about half round, Guillory père, pushed up and put his pistol just under Blackman's shoulder blade and fired. The ball passed across under both shoulders to the other side. Black man fell in his tracks, and everybody sprang out of the way. Blackman died in about five minutes, but as Guillory ran off he fired at him but shot too low, being too weak to hold up his pistol. He propped it up then on the other hand and fired twice. Guillory fell, and it was discovered afterwards that he had been shot in three places during the fight—his thigh bone was badly shat tered just above the knee, a flesh wound across the breast or stomach, and a ball entered his back on one side and ranged diagonally across to the 1 breast on the other side, but did not come out. Two of these wounds are thought to be mor tal. In the mean time young Guillory re ceived his pistol from a young man named Pruett, an employé of the family, ran in the crowd and shot Alexandre Vi drine through the breast, who fell dead. He then snapped a couple of caps at the head of Blackman who was down dying, and when Aristid^pOrtego re monstrated with him for trying to shoot a dying man, he turned on Ortego and snapped two caps at him. As he was about to suap the third time, Ortego drew his own pistol, remarking in French: "your pistol snaps, but here comes one that never snaps." With this lie fired at Guillory, the ball pass ing through his stomach or chest. Guillory dropped his pistol and asked him not to shoot him any more, that he had finished him, and started to run off, but when a few paces distant he sprang up and fell down dead. This ended the battle of Old Grand Prairie. When the shooting began the crowd of one hundred or one hundred and twenty five persons present stampeded, leav ing only a few who were personally in terested in the killed and wounded. The statement given by Augustin Guil lory differs from the foregoing. He states that Felix Soileau had selected the place for the fight last Saturday, and sent for Dreux Guillory to meet him there. On reaching the ground, on Monday, they found about one hundred men there, whom he supposed to be the friends of Soileau ; and a large portion of them went there to conspire against the life of himself, Augustin Guillory. None of those who conspired to take his life were as near kin to Felix Soileau as Felix Soileau was to Dreux Guillory—these two being first cousins. When Felix Soileau, in the fist fight, cried out enough, Carroll Blackman parted them. After parting them Blackman advanced on him, Augustin Guillory, with a drawn pistol, threatening to take his life. While Guillory's friends were holding him, Guillory, he told them to let him go, asking them if they wanted Blackman to shoot and kill him. They not lettin him go, he filed while being held, at Blackman w ho was pointing his pistol at Guillory. Blackman fell and while down fired three shots at Guillory. Guil lory could have shot him again, but did not like to shoot a man after he was down. Immediately after Blackman had fired at Guillory a volley of shots w r ere fired ^it him, one ball taking effect in his left thigh. He then fell, and while down there were ten or fifteen more shots fired at him, two taking effect in his body. Whilst they Were firing at him, his son Dreux went up to one of his, Dreux', seconds and took a pistol from him, and shot one of the parties who were firing at his father. Aristide Ortégo then snap ped a cap at Dreux, and Dreux snapped a cap at Ortego ; and then Ortégo shot Dreux and killed him. After the firing ceased a good many of those present, went to their homes and armed them selves with shot guns, for the purpose, he was told, of finishing him, that is, killing him. If there are any other variations from these two statements, we would be pleased to be furnished with them. Mr. Guillory was not finished nor dead, when last heard from 011 Wednesday morning. The wounded leg was para lyzed, but he was entirely free from phys ical suffering, even from the other wounds. It is thought that he can hardly recover. Of the three persons killed, Carroll Blackman was about thirty years of age, and left a wife and two children. Al exandre Vidrine was about twenty-two or twenty-three years of age, and left a wife and one child. Dreux Guillory was about eighteen years of age, and not married. Since the above was put in type the report of the coroner's inquest has been received, and from it, we furnish this additional testimony. One witness says he saw Augustin Guillory trying to get at Carroll Blackman, saying: "Let me shoot tiie damn son of a bitch." Blackman was trying to get to Guillory, saying : "You called me a,son of a bitch." Wit ness says his brother was holding Guil lory, and himself and another person ran in to take his brother away, to keep him frdni being shot. At the same time Augustin Guillory shot Carroll piack man, saying: "There, you son of a bitch. 1 ) (In French, enfant degarce.) Blackman fell at the same time, and A. Guillory started to get away. Blackman raised on his elbow and fired three shots at A. Guillory, who fell. This witness heard other shots behind him, but does not know who fired them. Another witness states, that when Fe lix Soileau and Dreux Guillory came to the ground to fight a fist fight, which had been agreed upon between them, they came up with two witnesses each for the fist fight. When they had advanced, one towards the other, within five steps of each other, Carroll Blackman, one of the seconds of Felix Soileau, asked Guillory's witness what were the con ditions of the fight. He replied that, he did not know. Blackman said, our con ditions are that if one man is so fast that he cannot halloo, then we will part them. Dreux Gaillory said, that was all right. Blackman said, during the fight let them fight it out and no one speak. Augustin Guillory then said, you want to have it your way, but lam going to have it my way. A Guillory then made a mark on the ground, and measured off ten steps. He stood then ■with his pistol, a little five shooter, in his hand. While he stood there, still " holding his pistol in his hand, he called ! to Blackman saying : "Come here you j damn son of a bitch." Then Dreux Guillory asked Blackman not to go to meet his father, saying, do not listen to him until our fist fight is over. After the fist fight was over Blackman asked, " where is the old son of a bitch, who called me a son of a bitch awhile ago ? " A. Guillory then went up to Blackman, having his hand in Iiis pocket. When Blackmail saw A. Guillory coming, he pulled out his pistol. Then some of the 'crowd got hold of Blackman, and some got hold of A. Guillory, and tried to prevent their shooting each other. Wit ness and one other held Guillory, When they saw Guillory and Blackman were determined 011 shooting they let Guil lory loose and stepped aside. Black man was held by another person at the moment they let Guillory loose. At the moment they let A. Guillory loose, he fired his pistol at Blackmail, saying at the same time: "Here, you damn rascal." Blackmail fell, and Guillory walked oft as though he wanted to get away from there. Blackman being down, after being shot, rested on his knees and attempted to point Iiis pis tol, by supporting his arm with his oth er hand he did point it and fired twice. From his movements lie seemed to be trying to shoot A. Guillory. Witness heard several other shots, but the smoke was so thick that he could not tell at whom they were fired nor who fired them. Several witnesses testify to the effect that Guillory got a pistol from Keys Pruett or Prewett and shot Alexandre Vidrine. If Vidrine was aimed he did not draw or attempt to dra* his pistol. He staggered a few paces and fell. He lived for half an hour but was speech less. One witness testifies that lie saw Dreux Guillory get a pistol from a per son generally known as Keys Prewett, and shoot Alexandre Vidrine with said pistol. Dreux Guillory then tried to shoot Carrol Blackman, who was dying at the time, in the head, by snapping one or two caps at him. Aristide Or tego then pushed Guillory off, telling him not to shoot a dead man. Dreux Guillory then snapped one or two caps at Ortego, who drew his pistol and shot Dreux Guillory. Another witness testifies about the same, that he saw Dreux Guillory com with a pistol in his hand towards Blackman, wiio was already shot down. When Guillory got to Blackman, he snapped twice at him. Aristide Ortego pushed Dreux Guillory off and told him not to shoot a dead man. Guillory then raised his pistol and snapped once in Ortego's breast. Then Ortego point ed his pistol at Guillory, remarking that his pistol was not going to snap, and shot Guillory. In regard to the wounds the physi cian who examined them, states that the ball entered Dreux Guillory's breast bone just above the stomach and seemed to take a straight course, and probably cut the great artery. The ball struck Carroll Blackman, 011 the left side just behind the lower part of the arm-pit and, as was shown by the probe, pene trated the chest. (The pistol used by A. Guillory who shot him, was a Smith &,Wesson revolver.) The ball entered Alexandre Vidrine between the fourth and fifth ribs on the left side, passing in all probability through the diaphragm, stomach and liver, and the ball ^vas distinctly felt under the skin on the right side about half way below the pit of the stomach and spine. Augustin Guillory's wouuded leg was amputated last Wednesday morning It had been paralyzed, and the use of chloroform was not necessary, as there was no pain. The preliminary examination of the parties complained of, as having con spired to take his life, is fixed for next. Monday morning, before the District Judge, in Opelousas. No Fences for Hogs. The following petition to the Police Jury, against hogs running at large, for the reasons therein set forth, is a good move and deserves the mature consid eration of that body. More names will be added from week to week : To the Hon. the President and Members of the Police Jury of the Parish of St. Landry : The undersigned residents of that portion of the Parish of St. Landry, ly ing west of the Bayou Teche and in cluded within a line passing through the Town of Opelousas extending due east to said bayou and due west to a point five miles from Opelousas, and thence running due south to the northern limit of the Parish of Lafayette, respect fully represent That they are engaged in agricultural pursuits and have at heart any law which will promote the interests of the tillers of the soil without regard to color or previous condition. That experience and observation have convinced them that much good to this class of your fellow-citizens would be the result of a law which would prohib it hogs from roving within the afore said described territory. Among the advantages of such a law, it will suffice to point out the following, to-wit : 1st, A decrease of expenses in fencing of at leaat 011 third. 2d, The cultivation of a large extent of lands now idle and non-productive on account of the cost of fencing. 3d, The saving of a laçge amount of corn and potatoes annually destroyed in the fields by the hogs. 4th, Less vexation, annoyance, and better feelings among the neighbors. 5th, The raising of finer hogs and in greater number in lots kept for their special benefit and enclosed with a small portion of the fence saved from that around the cultivated fields. 6th, A marked reduction in criminal prosecutions and the costs entailed by them. Respectfully submitted, Charles Richard, E. T. Lewis, Arthur Richard, J. Bloch, James 0. Cliachere, C. B. Audrus, H. T. Goodloe, John Posey, C. C. Duson, W. 0. Posey, J. C. Sittig, Solomon Loeb, John Butler, Augustin Steen, Charles F. Burr, E. S, Audrus, C. A. Frazee jr., B. A. Martel, Jos. V. Roy, John Miller, L. F. Lastrapes, T. C. Anderson, C. C. Swayze, E. D. Estilette. F. Dejean, T. S. Richard, W. L. Truman, C. S. Truman, L. Daly, C. M. Daly, B. A. Ealand, J. C. Arnold. A warm spring, on the bank of a lake which was glowingly described by a Pe oria reporter, proved to be the mouth of a waste pipe from a neighboring brew ery. Obituary Notice. OrELOUSAS, Aug. 10th, 1873. On Saturday the 9th inst., at ten min utes of 11 o'clock, a. m ., in the town of Opelousas, Pierce Franklin Haves breathed his last. He died at the age of I twenty years, and met his death with that characteristic fortitude that proved in his case, that "death had no sting and the grave no victory." Conscious of ha v ing led a blameless life, satisfied of hav ing behaved honorably towards all men, lie looked into the face of death without fear, and passed into the other world without regret. The most painful fea ture of this sad occurrence, was the extreme youth of the subject of this no tice. Just entering upon the threshold of life, lie was suddenly pushed back by the sting and relentless hand of death and denied the privilege of living longer in a world into which he had been brought to make a brief and tran sient stay, and was then re-taken to a more congenial clime, "where the wick ed cease from troubling and the weary are at rest." As some writer says, "Those whom the Gods love die early, but those whose hearts are dry as sum mer's dust burn down to the socket ;" and so it was with our young friend. Not having been thrown in contact with this world long enough to imbibe its folly and court its vice, he was through the wise dispensation of providence taken to his eternal home iu a better, mirer state than might have been his -ot had he lived longer in a world so wicked, and breathed more of this at mosphere of corruption. The ways of God are inscrutable, and we are taught to believe that he doetli all things for the best, and that at times the' heart may rebel and question the mercies of God, especially when we become the prey to some great domestic grief. Yet in our cool aud reflective moments when the piqvrnt grief has passed and we have softened down to a feeling of composure and became in a measure reconciled to our lot, it is then that all can see the hand of Providence and we are fo ced to admit that our repinings are wrong, and that to indulge in grief is a sin. The sudden and unexpected de mise of our esteemed young friend will 110 doubt cast a, gloom over the whole community, and many a heart will feel a void that nothiug but time can fill. But nowhere will his death be so keen ly felt as in the hearts of those who were nearest and dearest. Ali, who can tell the agonv of that young and lone ly sister, whose heart rending sobs filled the listener's ear with a sympa thetic grief, and forced the unbidden tears to start and trickle down Iiis cheek in mute and mournful acknowl edgement of the sadness of that scene. The funeral processiou started from his father's residence at ten o'clock this morning, and proceeded to the protestant cemetery, where the service was performed and the body interred. The 011g line of carriages and the many riders on horseback, besides the crowd of pedestrians that followed our young friend to his grave, was sufficient evi dence of the love the people bore him while living, and the respect they paid llim when dead. May his spirit rest in in peace, and may his death be a warn to many of the uncertainties of this life, aud assist us in preparing for that inevitable day beyond which we can not. go. "In the midst of life we are in death." Farewell, farewell, aud again farewell. * * * Westward, Ho! [Baton Rouge Gazette-Comet.] We are informd that the cars are now running to Ken more, three miles above Musson and that by the fifteenth of September or first of October the Grosse Tete road will be opened to Lombard's, twenty-eight miles from this city. New track will be laid for a short distance to open up communication with the For doche, ten miles by a good open bayou road through a well settled country to the Atchafalaya. It is proposed to stage this ten miles and connect at Churchville by means of a steamer now running to Big Cane, on the Bayou Rouge with £he heart of Avoyelles parish, a distance of 78 miles from this city. A letter from a prominent citizen on Atchafalaya states that "the carry ing capacity of this steamer is 250 bales cotton, with occommodations for pas sengers. Passage from Churchville to Big Cane, a distance of 38 miles, $1. Distance from where she strikes' the Atchafalaya to where the Fordoche road conies out, 21 miles. There is a good road from the Fordoche road to the Ferry, which is immediately be low the mouth of Baton Rouge. As to the assistance the citizens might give towards bridging Johnson's Bayou, I am happy to tell you that they have already anticipated you. By petition ing the Police Jury of Point Coupee par ish to appropriate a sufficient sum to build the oridge across Johnson's Bay ou, which is the principal obstruction on the stated road leading from M01 ganza to the Atchafalaya, which road is the only one practicable for a stage from the terminus of the Railroad to the mouth of Bayou Rouge. Now if we can get your people's influence, together with our petition to bear on the Police Jury of Point Coupee parish, we may get it to appoint a committee to examine the road and see what the probable cost would be to put it in good travelin g con dition, and appropriate accordingly. 1 have not seen the Commander of the Bayou Rouge packet since I received your letter, but I am satisfied that any arrangement you wish can be made with aim. Hoping that you will not let this matter rest at this, but continue to agitate it until we do succeed." The railroad authorities have been at work the past three months and have pressed on as rapidly as their very li mited resources would admit. Our citizens who have been called upon to aid, have liberally responded and a loan of three thousand dollars lias, as will be seen, been quickly subscribed for by the following parties, who by their promptness and liberality, have en couraged this enterprise and warranted it completion : W.S.Pike $500 O. B. Graham... 500 Hart & Hebert 200 Montan & Huguet 200 Burke & Colwell 200 Randolph & Bates 100 Wm. Garig 100 L. & A. Rosenfield 100 Jas. McVay 100 Chas. Wieck 100 Max Mayer 100 C'apt. John Brown 100 Joshua Beal 100 W. H. Simral 100 C. J. Barrow 100 Willis & Blouin 50 Henry Jones 50 W. S. Booth 50 J.M.Hart &. Co 50 F.M.Brooks.».. 50 A. J, Bogel 50 A. M. Bazin 50 A. P. Allain 50 T. G. Sparks 50 J. J. Capdevielle 35 A man may conceal his name, his age, the circumstances of his life, but not his character. That is his spiritual atmos phere, and is as inseparable from him as the fragrance of a rose from the rose it self. In the glance of the eye, in the tones of the voice, in mien anil gesture, character discloses itself. All the com pany may be equally well dressed, but not even a child snail mistake Blue Beard for St. Nicholas, nor Circe for Diana— [ Celia Burleigh. An Irish editor says that in the ab sence of both editors, the publishers have succeeded in securing the services of a gentleman to edit the paper this week. A Lesson sor Some Women. w r hat an iowa woman has done. [St. Louis Globe Letter from DesMoines.] Mrs. Tupper was born at Providence, Rhode Island, in 1832. She was a daugh ter of Noah Smith, afterwards a promi nent politician in Maine, and for fifteen years First Assistant Secretary of the United States Senate. Her mother was a sister of Henry Wheaton, author of the well known treatise on international law. Mrs. Tupper was educated at Provi dence, having all the advantages that wealth could give ; and with that prac tical turn of mind characteristic of her, she studied many subjects not usually taught then to girls, but which since have been beneficial to lier. She made good use of her opportunities, for at the age of sixteen she wrote an essay to compete for a prize offered by a leading and popular magazine, and won it oyer many competitors. The motto which actuated her then has been her beacon through life, "to win success." In 1843 she married Mr. Allen Tupper, a successful lumber merchant at Houl ton, Maine, lier father having already removed there and engaged in the lum ber business. There she resided ten years, enjoying all the luxury that wealth couid give, when her husband removed to Newton, Massachusetts, where lier health failed and she became a confirmed invalid. Her physicians pronounced her heart diseased, and her stay on earth very short. Thinking a change of climate might be beneficial, the family came to Iowa, in 1851, locat ing at Brighton, Washington county, she so feeble as to be unable to leave her bed. The fresh and invigorating air of lier new location soon revived her wasted energies, and she regained her health. Her husband in the meantime had invested his money in a tract of timber land and steam saw-mills. His health soon failed, and being unable to attend to his business, his wealth mel ted away like dew before the sun, and poverty and bankruptcy came upon them. Thrown thus upon her own re sources, Mrs. Tupper sought some way of relief. She had never doue a mo ment's manual labor. Necessity stared lier in the face, and several small chil dren, one a babe, rang their demands in her ears. She engaged as a teacher of a school, three miles distant, at $20 a month, and, with her babe in her arms, she 011 horseback daily went to her task, attending to her household duties when out of school. After the close of this school she established a school in her own house; she loves little children, and soon she had a house full of pupils. Thus she managed to support her family until 1857, when she turned her attention to bees. She purchased two colonies and began to work with them, meanwhile reading everything which she could relating to bee culture ; but she soon learned that theory and prac tice were two quite opposite matters. Her two colonies increased îapidly. She bought improved hives as fast as she could afford them. She soon after became interested in Italian bees, and procured a few. She then began to write about bees, giving the result, of her practical knowledge. Her first ar ticle was published in the Burlington Hawkeye, she receiving pay therefor. In 1865; she wrote an essay on bees for the United States Agricultural Report, which was pronounced by good judges to be the best essay ever published by the department, aud a Washington pa lier said of it, " Though written by a woman, it is a model for efforts of that kind. She knew what she wrote about, and told it—not one waste word iu six teen pages." Her reputation soon be gan to be established, she was sought out by various journals, and she now writes regularly for the National Agri culturist and Bee Keepers' Magazine, the New York Tribune, National Bee Journal and Colmau's Rural World. She also has the position of lecturer on bee keeping, natural history of bees, etc., iu the State Agricultural College at Ames, whither she goes regularly. With the officers of that institution she has visited different parts of the State, holding Farmers' Institutes, and wher ever she goes never fails to elicit much interest in her subject. is of to to A In the spring of 1872, she, with her family, removed to Des Moines, in order to gain a more central location. She formed a partnership with Mrs. Annie Savery, thereby adding abundant capi tal to lier practical knowledge, and the firm was known as the Italian Bee Country. An agent was dispatched to Lake Como, Italy, to procure queeu bees, and the business was rapidly in creased. In the fall of that year she purchased the interest of Mrs. Savery in the business, and placed her bees for the winter in the cellar of her house, at Cottage Grove, about one mile from the city. Early this spring, while she was in the city, with lier family, her house took fire and her two hundred hives of bees were destroyed. Writing to friend, she said: "I came home «at dark to find my house a wreck and the two hundred stocks of bees ruined. Is it not hard sometimes to believe that ' all things work together for our good V I have worked so hard and am so tired, that I can form no plans for the future." It was an hour of trial which would have discouraged many a brave man. After years of toil and labor, with a large indebtedness to her late partner, a large family, an invalid husband, thus to find herself almost where she begun, was soul-trying, but, with the indomitable will which she possesses, she marshaled her energies for a new battle of life, and amid all her misfor tunes there was not a shadow on her face. Moneyed men came forward and tendered lier means, but she refused it, choosing to paddle her own canoe. With two hundred dollars she pur chased four Italian queens, and with a few stocks of bees Which she secured elsewhere she started again. Soon af ter a farmer from a distance offered her fifty colonies of black bees, to be paid for when she pleased and at what price she pleased. Sir. James Smith, the well known horticulturist, who resides a mile south of the city, and two miles from her residence, offered her the use of his fruit farm, on which to set up lier new colonies, and she accepted the kind offer and removed her bees there and immediately set about removin them to movable comb-hives an Italianizing them. This colony will tais season increase from fifty to one hundred and two, and will produce over seven thousand pounds of honey. So that before the year is gone she will have recovered very much from her loss. At her home she has twenty colonies of royal blood, from which she supplies her trade, to gether with importations by each ocean steamer. She will soon bo able to fill all orders again. In reply to a question the other day as to what hives she used, she replied, "The cheapest I can get they do not cost over a dollar and fifty cents each ; but I want one side so it can be removed, a movable cap, and the inside filled with movable frames, The worst enemies I have are patent hive agents. They cannot buy me nor will I buy their hives. I own the right for several States for hives, and have a hundred patent hives piled up on my lot, but I do not use them nor sell them,'' "Well," said I " how about moths and worms?" " I don't have any about my hive, as I will show you," said she, and she re moved the side # of a hive, and laid out side frame after frame of comb filled with honey and covered with bees, standing the frames around outside the hive, inspecting them carefully. This she does nearly every day, to find the queen and any bug or worm that may get in. These frames she has filled with the comb which she saved from the ruins of the fire, and the bees are filling it nicely. What a lesson does this resolute wo man teach the women of this country ? She might, as a thousand others, have been a useless woman, despite her edu cation and mental attainments ; and yet siie might have been obliged to sit down and be helped, but for the advantages which her early education gave her, ard which gave her the first money she ever earned. Realizing this, she has given her eleven children the best op portunity possible to acquire an. educa tion. One of them, her oldest daughter, is now filling a pulpit as preacher, at Webster, Mass., at a salary of $5000 a year—a noble woman, as talented and eloquent as she is quiet and unassum Mrs. Tupper in person is of small stature, dark blue eyes, thin features, well developed brain, somewhat bent with toil and the weight of years, ner vous sanguine temperament, speaks rapidly and uses 110 superfluous words, modest and unassuming in manner, and what would be called in plain words homely. To a casual observe:, she is the last person you would selcct as Mrs. Tupper. She is an active member of the Baptist Church, and her special pride in church work is the Infant Class in the Sabbath School, to which she devotes much of her over-burdened mind, and she lias the satisfaction of knowing the children love her. As a business person she is one of the most active and resolute in the city. She tits into the business of the Capital City aud fills: her place just as nicely and as fittingly as anybody. Business men accept it courteously and admire her modest demeanor and perseverance. She attends personally to all shipments of bees, honey, extractors, hives, etc., to all correspondence and her bees. There was not a day during the last severe winter and the cold, wet spring, that she was not in the city attending to business. A Weekly Retrospect of Events. I [Prom Applcton's Journal.] July 18.—Oscar II. and Sophia crowned King and Queen of Norway, at Dront heim. A reception at the Crystal Palace, London, and a testimonial purse of fif ty thousand dollars given to Edward Mialt, the leader of the English dis senters. Death, at San Francisco, Cal., of Delos R. Ashley, ex-member of Con gress from Nevada. July 19.—Samuel Wilberforce, D. D., Bishop of Winchester, killed by a fall from his horse, near Leatuerliead, England. Report of an insurrection in Persia. A new cabinet formed at Madrid, Spain, with Salmeron as • president; Minister of Finance, Fernando Gonza lez ; of State, Soler ; of Justice, Rodri guez ; of War, General Gonzalez ; of the Interior, Maisonave; of the Marine, Oviedo; of the Colonies, Palanca; of Public Works, Gonzales. Don Carlos marching with ten thous and men on Bilboa. Carlists driven from Estella. Carlist report that Gen eral Cabrinety was killed by his own men. The Brooklyn Trust Company sus pend payment. July 20.—Death of the Right Hon. Richard Bethell, Baron Wesbury, ex Lord-Chancellor of England. Death, at Concord, N. H., of ex-Governor Colby, of New Hampshire; and at Boston, Mass., of Rev. Dr. Guinzburg, a dis tinguished Hebrew divine. An unsuccessful attempt made on the life of Marshal Serrano, at Biarritz, France. The Spanish provinces of Andalusia, Murcia, Valencia, and Catalonia, pro claim themselves independent ; also the cities of Seville, Cadiz, and Barcelona. Strike of workmen ended at Barcelona. General Lagunero resigns the command of the republican forces in Biscay. July 21.—Intelligence of the death, in Switzerland, of Reuben Atwater Chap man, Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. Dispatch that Carlists had captured jualada after a heavy battle, and had sacked and burned the town. The crews of the Spanish sanadron at Carthagena having surrendered and one over to thé Internationals, the panish Government proclaims them pirates, and authorizes their capture by any foreign power. General Pavia ap pointed Captain-General of Andalusia and Estremadnra. The Governors of Cordova, Murcia, Ponte vedra, Leon, and Orense, removed, and Generals Contreras and Pierrad dismissed from the public service of Spain. July 22.—Dispatch of the assassina tion of the Mayor of Albocacer, in Alencia, Spain, owing to election dis turbances. Mézières and Charleyville, France, evacuated by the German forces. July 13.—Death, at Berlin, Prussia, of Gustav Rose, a distinguished chemist and mineralogist. The Spanish Cortes authorizes the imposition of extraordinary war taxes, and a council of generals at Madrid ad vise President Salmeron to call out uinety thousand men of the reserves. Seven thousand republican troops at Vittoria reported demoralized, and several municipal officers murdered by the soldiers. An Iberian regiment sent against the insurgents at Carthagena reported to have mutinied and joined the rebels. Intelligence of the arrest of the Governor of Alicante for treason on account of a declaration of the inde pendence of the city during the presence of the rebel steamer Vittoria. July 24.—Death of the Right Hon. George Carr Glyn, Baron Wolverton, of England. Intelligence of the destruction, on 14th inst., of the town of Elmina, West Africa, by British troops from Cape Coast Castle, the Elminas having furnished arms to the Ashantees. The Fantees had been defeated by the Ashantees on the 4th and 6th inst., at Donquah, and thirty thousand Fantees had sought refuge at Cape Coast. President Baez's troops in Santo Do mingo reported defeated by insurgents in the north. Several small engagements reported in Cuba, near Zarzal and Jacaro. Gen eral Martinez appointed Captain-Gen eral of Valencia. July 25.—Dispatch that a Prussian frigate sent by the German consul at Madrid in pursuit of the Spanish rebel war-steamer Vigilante had captured her en route for Almeria from Alicante. Internationals at Carthagena reported to have enlisted ten thousand men in their cause, and enforced a loan of eighty thousand dollars. Intelligence that a number of Carlists, including six priests, had been arrested at Figue - ras, in Gerona, on suspicion of intrigu ing for Don Carlos, and that two hun dred and fifty gendarmes in Barcelona had deserted to the Carlists. Dispatch that Colonel Naza had left Madrid for Jaen to foment an insurrection, and that the government ordered his arrest. Destructive fire in Baltimore; eight squares of houses destroyed, mamly dwellings. Announcement of conclusion of treaty between Russia and Khiva. The khan promises to pay two million rubles to Russia, and to abolish capital punish ment ; in return, Russia guarantees the independence of Khiva. Russian troops to occupy Khiva until indemnity is paid. Carlists reported to be marching on Madrid; Contreras threatens to seize all German vessels in the harbor of Cartha gena, if the Vigilante, captured by a German man-of-war, is not restored. It is useless for physicians to argu» against short sleeve dresses. The Con stitution of the United States says that "the right to bear arms" shall not be interfered with.