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c LE M & ESCHACEBE E OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE PARISH OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST. VOL. 65. LUCY (PARISH OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST), LOUISIANA. APRIL 27, 1918. NO. 17. AMERICANS DEFEAT GERMANS IN FIGHT AN ATTEMPT TO DRIVE WEDGE BETWEEN AMERICANS AND FRENCH FAILED. HOSPITALS CROWDED Schools, Church, Monasteries and Pri vate Houses in Belgium Are Filled With German Wounded. Other Fronts. The German high command, having been unsuccessful in piercing the British front in Flanders and separat ing the British and French armies, has essayed a stroke against the Americans and the French northwest of Toul, and here also Teuton strategy has failed utterly to bring its plans to fruition. Although the Germans attacked in waves with greatly superior numbers of men, the Americans and French men have held all their positions and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy. What gains were made in the initial onslaughts have been entirely re trieved and the American and French lines restored. The latest Berlin official communi cation asserted that in the drive 183 American prisoners and twenty-five machine guns were captured by the Germans, who cut their way for about a mile and a quarter into the Ameri can lines at Seicheprey. There has been no confirmation of this statement or the added claim that the Ameri cans sustained heavy casualties. It seems evident, however, that the fight was a bitter one and that it was the ambition of the specially trained Germans to crush the Ameri cans. Everything the enemy had in stock was brought into play in the fighting, which lasted from Saturday well into Sunday. Shells of all cali bers, including gas missiles, were used prodigiously, but the Americans, not 'itbritndng this cannonading and the greatly superior Infantry forces arrayed against them, fought tenac iously and gave ground by inches and then only when they had exacted a tre mendous payment for it in German killed or wounded. Although the enemy was able to reach the shell-torn village of Seiche prey, the Americans rallied and in bloody hand-to-hand fighting reversed the situation and regained the town. Likewise all the terrain which the French in this region were forced to give up temporarily now has been re taken. The German official commu nication, in what seemingly is a half hearted admission that the attack was repulsed and that the Germans lost what they had gained, says the Ger mans, "after the destruction of the enemy works, returned to their lines of departure." Just what the Germans are planning for the future on the long line north ward from La Bassee to Ypres, where everywhere they have met during the last week with a stone wall of resist ance, has not yet become gparent. Nowhere have they thrown down the gauntlet and offered further battle against the stanch line that is facing them. They have, however, on nu merpus sectors carried out violent bombardments, but in these they have been answered shot for shot. The only fightlng in whiclh the men of either side left their trenches was near Robecq, northwest -of La Bassee, whera F.i~d Marshal Haig's men threw ut the enemy from several advanced positions. Evidences at the losses the Ger mans have sustained in the new offen sive daily ars becoming more appar ent. In addition to the reports of the numerdus dead which strew the battle fields, advices coming through Hol land are to the effect that hospitals, monasteries, convents and schools in Belgium are filled to overflowing with wounded and that even private houses are being requisitioned for use as hos pitals. Cattle cars in which hay is the only bedding are being used to transport maimed men from the bat tle front. That a great sea battle is in pros pect at an early date seems probable. P.ilowing up their recent foray. into the Cattegat, where they destroyed German traWler,, British naval forces aire lia~gatMdanto Helgoland Bight ad ofered :battle to the German war sipp, wich retired ~tehad the mine ieds. The British opened fire on s Germans-at ;long range sadt one at ~h enoemy, destyer ws ~as aits an-d Pzench troe.ai av Slaed a'tbe Ktn Plenasula project e bman tha &rctle Oean and ere co ara lth thu bir olahek troops Stualgh wbitgur~ wPtif s p . - alt prebayia in tril safe eal~ 'h* b~~~ke` PRESIDENT PROCLAIMS APRIL 26 LIBERTY DAY Asks Every Community Throughout the United States to Rally and Sustain Nation's Cause. Washington.-Friday, April 26, will be Liberty Day through the United States under a proclamation issued Thursday by President Wilson calling on citizens of every community to hold liberty loan rallies and "liberally pledge anew their financial support to sustain the nation's cause." Patriotic demonstrations similar to those on opening day of the campaign will be held and the day devoted to giving the race toward the three bil lion dollar war credit goal a new im petus for the final week. President Wilson's Liberty Day proclamation follows: "By the president of the United States of America. "A proclamation: "An enemy who has grossly abused the power of organized government and who seeks to dominate the world by the might of the sword, challenges the rights of America and the liberty and life of ail the free nations of the earth. Our brave sons are facing the fire of battle in defense of the honor and rights of America and the liber ty of nations. To sustain them and to assist our gallant associates in the war, a generous and patriotic people have been called upon to subscribe to the third Liberty Loan. "Now therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States of America, do appoint Friday, April 26, 1918, as Liberty Day. On the after noon of that day I request the people of, the United States to assemble in their respective communities and lib erally pledge anew their financial sup port to sustain the nation's cause. Pa triotic demorstration should be held in every city, town, and hamlet throughout the land, under the gen eral direction of the secretary of the treasury and the immediate direction of the liberty loan committee organ ized by the federal reserve banks. Let the nation's response to the third lib erty loan express in unmistakable terms a determination to fight for peace, the permanent peace of Justice. "For the purpose of participating in Liberty Day celebrations all employes of the federal government throughout the country whose services can be spared, may be excused at 12 o'clock, noon, Friday, April 26. "In witness whereof I have hereto set my hand and cause the seal of the United States to be affixed. "Done in the District of Columbia, this 18th day of April, A. D. 1918, and of the independence of the United States of America, one hundred and forty-second. Woodrow Wilson." By the president: Robert Lansing, Secretary of State. ' TEXAS TAKES LEAD IN FOOD CONSERVATION. Texas again takes the lead in food conservation, and, beginning April 15, only such flour as is on hand in the stores may be had by the public, and this flour is recommended as a reserve for babies, children and invalids. Putting Texas on a wheatless basis is the outgrowth of numerous requests of individuals and communities that Texas give all her flour not utilized by the bakers to the government. The bakers become the distributors of Victory Btead, using 25 per cent substitute. Under Administrator Pe den's proclamation,, making Texas wheatless' from April 15 to June 1, the only exeeption is that of bakers, while hotels, restaurants and other public eating houses are urged to use no wheat products whatever. Wholesal ers will not sell during this period any flour. and all their orders will be di verted from mills to ports for ship ment abroad. Planes. Wrecked at College Station. College Station, Tex.-Two air planes from Ellington Field were wrecked in tree tops on the campus and farm of A. and M. college as the machines Friday undertook to resume their homeward trip, following the bringing of two plane loads of radio apparatus from their base to the sig pal corps service company school for radio mechanics, in training at Col lege Station. Schwab Hedads hipbullling. Washington<-The building of the great merchant marine which will triasport America's men and re sources to the battle front was in trusted Wednesday by the shipping board to Charles M. Schwab, steel maker and shipbuilder, who becomes director genera" of the Emergency Fleet Corporation with unlimited pow. ers to put through the vast building program air6ady under way. CbieS A bassador Dies. Washington.---enor Doen Santiago Alruaate, Chilesa ambassador to tne United States, died at a hospita in Wasington Wednesday, followng a etreke fr. sap s OII, -nA ri i ~r~,--'~ i/f /J/ ', ·i 4~ i,/1 - /z , // /~ I, /1 / ~-// ,j COMMISSION TO GUARD WELFARE OF SOLDIERS Problems of, Men's Environments, Recreation and Law Enforcement to Be Handled. Austin, Tex.--Governor Hobby Wed nesday appointed a state military wel fare commission and under the proced ure in other states having army camps will be an ex-officio member thereof. In his letter tendering places on the commission, the governor points out the benefits which have accrued from the services of such commissions in California, Minnesota and other states, saying Texas has been honored with the highest concentration of any state and therefore should take greater in terest in the welfare and protection of our soldiers. Problems of the sol diers' environments, for which the civil community may well deem itself responsible, such as proper recreation, law enforcement and the, like, will have the attention of the commission. It would advise with the governor and i the army authorities in much the same capacity as the war department com mission on training camp activities. The commission, as appointed by the governor, is as follows: " Austin-W. P. Hobby, ex-officio; Judge J. C. Townes, dean of the Texas University law school; Mrs. Percy V. Pennybacker. Dallas-Elmer Scott, president Tex-, as Conference of Social Welfare; Dr. A. L Folsom, president Texas Social Hygiene Association. Fort Worth-S. B Cantey, war serv ice board; Mrs. John Waples, chair man committee on protective work for girls. Houston-Judge Henry J. Darnen baum, war service board; David Daly, war service board; Mrs W. B. Sharp, war service board. Galveston-Mrs. Minnie Fisher Cun ningham. San. Antonio-Thomas H. Franklin, chairman law enforcement committee; Mrs. A. B. Weakley, war service board. Wacc-J. T. Penland, chairman mill tary committee; Mrs. Walter Wood son, H. C. Risher. Advisory members: Roy Smith Wal lace, district supervisor; Mrs. Jane Dester Rippin, district director com mittee on protective work for girls; Lieutenant George J. Anderson, sani tary corps, national army, district di rector law enforcement division, rep resenting war department commission of training camp activities. CHANGES ARE MADE IN NATURALIZATION LAWS Washington.-Many foreigners in Texas who have been exercising the rights of citizenship, although not nat uralized when the United States en tered the war, will be relieved of em barrassment under a conference com mittee agreement reached Friday, making numerous changes in the nat uralization laws. Citizenship in Tex as depended upon residence, no dec laration to become a citizen being re quired in order for such foreigner to vote or to hold office. The bill agreed upon provides that any one not enemy aliens who resided uninterruptedly in the United States for five years next preceding May 1, 1914, and on that date were qualified to become a citi zen, save that he had not made the declaration of intent required by law and "who because of misinformation regarding his citizenship status erron eously exercised the rights of a citi son of the United States in good faith," may file the petition for nat yalization of intention required of dth aliens and upobn satisfactory showing, and complying with other re quirements, be admitted as a citizen of the United States. Representative Slayden- will aban don his bill to accomplish the same purpobe an view of the cqmmittee rmeeamnt CAN NOT SHIP ALCOHOL INTO TEN MILE ZONES Attorney General's Ruling Most Far Reaching and Important Construc tion Yet Placed. Austin, Tex.-Alcohol can not be shipped into ten-mile zones for manu facturing purposes, this being the at torney general's construction of the ten-mile zone law, which became effec tive at midnight Monday, April 15. It is the most far-reaching and important construction yet placed on the new law. By it manufacturers of flavoring extracts, toilet waters, perfumes and kindred products can not import al cohol into their establishments for manufacturing purposes. This will have a serious effect in several Texas cities where alcohol is used in the manufacture of various products. Dal las, Houston, Galvegton and Fort Worth have large plants making all kinds of flavoring extracts and similar articles. Fort Worth has a perfumery. San Antonio has a large factory mak ing extracts, as have other cities. At Beeville flavoring extracts are made and furnished the state under con tract. Not only that, but scores of bottlers in Texas, those making soft drinks, make their own extracts for flavoring and import alcohol for that purpose. Those in the ten-mile zone law will be stopped from that practice under the attorney general's ruling. In discussing the opinion, Judge Walter A. Keeling, who wrote it, said that the ten-mile zone law specifically says that alcohol may be brought into ten-mile zones only for two purposes, sacramental and medicinal, and that nowhere in the law is there any other exception. Thus, he says, by the law's own terms, alcohol can not be import ed into a ten-mile zone law for manu facturing purposes. While Texas man ufacturers can not import alcohol to make flavoring extracts, perfumes and similar purposes, yet the finished pro ducts can be shipped in from other places and sold without violating the law. Judge Keeling said it would not be Against the law to ship in flavoring extracts, perfumes and other articles, but that the alcohol can not go in to Texas manufacturers. The question arose in connection with an El Paso industry which desired to import al cohol for making flavoring extracts. Judge Keeling advised that it could not be done. A New Orleans house was advised that its Lgents can not solicit orders 4n Texas ten-mils zones for alcohol for manufacturing pur poses, though -that same house can sell its perfumes in Texas. The El Paso inquiry gaid nonbeverage alcohol was to be used. Condition of State Banks Shown. Austin, Tex.-Commissioner of In surance and Banking Charles O. Aus tin Friday issued a condensed state ment of condition of all state banks and trust companies in Texas at the close of business on March 4, 1918. The total deposits is shown to be $206,494,963, a decrease of $9,411,191, compared with the total deposits shown in the statement of the pre vious call. Loans and discounts in creased $13,115,819, and there was an increase of $61,948 in the guaranty fund, the total being. $1,£35,094. Convicted of False Swearing. El Paso, Tex.--George Liebscher, alias Frederick Dechane, was sen tenced to three years in federal prison Friday after having been convicted in federal court of false swearing. Lieb soher swore he was born in France in order to obtain citizenship papers, when it was shown in court he was a native of Germany. He was an Amer ican soldier at the time of his arrest. The evidence showed he visited Ger man eans e in Mexico prior to his WHEATLESS BYS PLEASESPARKER PATRIOTIC CITIZENS WATCH BAK ERS AND GROCERS FOR VIOLATIONS. EXCELLENT SHOWING MADE Declares Once They Are Aroused To Seriousness of Situation They Will Be Just as Inslastant Upon Pun ishment For Violations. New Orleans. Last Wednesday was a real wheat less day in New Orleans. The bakers kept it very nearly to the letter, this including the sales on Tuesday, which sales John M. Parker, food administrator, says should not be heavier than on normal days. Some of those who plunged in production on Sunday proved they did not re ceive or read the order until after the baking had started, some until after they had started to deliver. They all pledged themselves not to defy the regulation again, and were given another chance. They will not be entitled to any consideration if they are caught, for they did not deny violating the spirit of the order, going after the little extra profit without re gard to what might happen to the sol diers or to the nation. The hotels and restaurants made an excellent showing. . A number have abolished wheat altogether, so they were out of the reckoning. The others have come into line in fine style, co operating willingly and readily, some: of the places at a considerable sacri fice. There was only one violation re ported, a saloon and restaurant serv ing spaghetti, although his bread was made of cornmeal. It was accepted as an oversight, and the pledge was given there will not be any spaghetti served there on wheatless days in the future. The fact that the lunch and eating places are already running along just as if they had never used wheat flour shows the men have re sponded more completely and prompt ly than the women. Such bakers and others who have h-d difficulty in ad justing themselves to the new condi tions blame their backwardness upon the women who will not listen to any explanation. It will take the women a little longer to understand the flour must be had in order to sustain the soldiers for whom they are willing to knit and perform so many other ser vices. Once they are aroused to the seriousness of the situation they will be just as insistent upon the punish ment of any people who violate the food laws. Some of the most vigilant patriots are women, and they rushed in reports to the Food Administration all day long. One complained about her own mother, and the mother was promptly educated. The Red Cross in Camp Beauregard now has a second associate field di rector. F. Sydnor Johnston of Shreve port, La., is now in camp in charge of the department of home relief. West Monroe will have river water 97 per cent pure after May 15, the re sult of a filtration plant nearing com pletion A 230,000-gallon reservoir. has been built A new company composed of New Orleans capitalists will drill a test well for oil on the Passedora Orange and Development Company's property near Empire. Calcasieu parish schools exclusive of Lake Charles have sold more than $13,000 worth of Thrift stamps, Governor Pleasant signed pardons for Hilton B. Hood and Gerald Fisher, sentenced to serve six months each upon conviction on a chareg of pilfer ing packages handled by the American Express Company, for which they worked. An oil and gasoline filling station for Camp Beauregard is now complete and ready for operation. This has been one of the greatest needs of the camp sinseits construction. The tank holds about 15,000 gallons. Four war savings societies have been formed at Slidell within the past few days. Two of these are the First and the Patriots. The A-1 Society was organized at Red Cross head quarters, and a society was organized at the Priscilla Club. At a meeting of the Amite police jury an appropriation of $300 was made to the Parish Council of De. fense to carry on the work of selling and distributing seeds to the farmers over the parish and other war work. All iuerc.ants of Shdell a:e.ingl - foodstuffs met at the office of Dr. J. K. Griffith, local food administrator, to determine a local policy fully in conformity with the State Food Ad ministration. The dealers agreed to place their whole supply of flour at the disposal of the Food Administra tion. The inventory of their stocks showed about 150 barrels thus offered. They further agreed to refuse to seE flour, bread or crackers and cakes Mondays and Wednesdays. The keep ing a record of sales to the individual purchasers also was agreed upon. Gow rnor Pleasant, as chairman of the State Council of Defense, is called upon in a letter just received from W. S. Gifford, of the Council of National Defense, to call at an early date a conference of all federal representa tives of the Treasury Department, the Department of Agriculture, the Depart ment of Labor, the Woman's Commit tee of the Council of National De fense, the Food Administration, the Fuel Administration, the American Red Cross and the Four-Minute Men. The state Anti-Saloon League has no compromise to make with the sa loon interests, according to Dr. A. W. Turner, state superintendent of the league. This declaration was made i. response to a suggestion by Represen tative T. Sambola Jones, of Baton Rouge, that all interests unite in rati fying the national prohibition amend ment, and in return the "drys" agree not to press any other prohibition leg islation. War Savings and Thrift stamps sold through the Donaldsonville postoffice during March aggregated $717.22 in value, and through other postoffices in the parish, $669.77, making a total of $1.386.99 for the month. Sales prev iously reported amounted to $10,423.11, the aggregate up to April 1 being $11, 810.10. The Natchitoches police jury has passed an ordinance prohibiting the driving of outos with "a cut out" at tachment on any of the highways of the parish.. That body also appro priated the sum of $35,000 to pay for the construction of dipping vats throughout the parish and to pay the salaries of the inspectors. While the prices brought by straw berries this season havy b en higher than at any other time in tlhe history of the strawbery industry in Tang} pahoa parish ,one crate has topped them all with $170. This amount was realized on an especially fine crate auctioned at Ponchatoula for the ben efit of the Red Cross. Agitation for a change in the form of Shreveport city government has reached the point where sentiment Is crystalizing on the adoption by the Legislature of an enabling act to per mit Shreveport either to retain the present form, reduce the commission ers to three, or adopt the city mana ger plan. Because, it is alleged, he refused to buy Liberty bonds and abused Presi dent Wilson and Secretary McAdoo. W. A. Hunter, a well-to-do farmer liv ing near Newellton, Tensas parish. was given a coat of tar and feathers and ordered out of the community by a delegation of his neighbors. The Deering Harvester Company and the North American Land and Timber Company of Shreveport. an nounce $10,000 and $5,000, respective ly, Liberty Loan subscriptions to be credited to Cameron parish. Both con-. cerns are large land owners in that section. An ice house is being erected near the railroad tracks at Camp Beaure gard so that a supply can more easily be kept on hand. At present the ice is kept in a freight car and distributed as needed. The Planters' Association of Natch Itoches parish has adopted a resola tion that river planters this year will plant one acre of corn to each two of cotton and those whose plans will not give them this proportion will check their cotton with corn. The charter of the Ridgeland Co- pany, Inc., has been filed at Thibo daux, the domicile of the organization being in Sub-Drainage District No. 4. of Lafourche parish, in the vicinity of Raceland. James P. Armitage, liquidator of the People's Bank of Donaldsonville, has commenced the distribution of checks for the fifth dividend, amounting to l per cent. Approximately $18,250 wON be paid to depositors and ordinary creditors of the institution. ,.. SWith a view to enlisting the active support of the citizens of4laton Rouge in their fight for living salakri.e the public school teachers of Bato -ou" have began organizations and'dra . up a set et resolutions.