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LIBERTAS BT NATALE BOLUY.
V(OL)UMEI XX. II.AYVIILE, RICHII,AND) PARISH, LA., SEPTEMBER 15, 1888. N NITMI tit . . U idlanb Stacon a - Smturrday LM , i ManSIhalm, Prop. 1000 " r -i - 1000 ',Tob be ft Iv y In adado. 10 Sl +0Ia 6 orust rach elsb mee by amnoraelb, ift they ppu h m anLt bthe ianded in bero iM Tana Adtentases aset. ý'W rr a phosrts hn oftns rp Lear tberl e rtilw, in rt O l rtii~o n brm luti aovein S ovmana on e any U or agenlq tin ,on e dose MAC. 1 3 *om. 6 uoi. 9 Moe. 12 Moe aliM $re si 7 p5 y beib = 10 18 16 f "b 10io 13 16 I. 7lrncg r 11 14 17 20 iMdbe S U 16 20 2:, Siha e 10 14 18 28 80 0iald i 27 88 44 I0 'hmobs t8 4 72 70 80 9 ludloey ao relu'tioe from the ahe' e r it o le party. SrEPHEN FAULK, Attorneyat-Law, 3A1TUL oa LL H P WKI.,M TN IiY11hF:s WELLS £ RHYMES, Attomrneyat-Law, R+*yville. Richland Parish, Loi6iina. PATENTS. OCbeats Trade Marks And CopNrights O alalll othier buinm the U. s. attended to for Ma.aamt Ourglees moptoe the U. K. Patent Ofes am we oean Patents in lem time than em aotee trem Washington. Send MotsL or AWINwo. We advis M paelmabUty tree of charge; and we maks e 53*A3A VE. aB WE O3TAIN PATNYT. We id here to the P1atnu.ter, the lift Money Order Div.; and to otlijtalas [ the .. p eat ce For ,eh ular, advice, ad reteernee to actual client i, yea nwa ~r county, write to 0. A. SNOW & 00. Opp.u.'m' ovWaa....le, D. Gs The Louisville .BUSI.NESS ... COLLEGE. BRYANT £ SRATTON. Coner Third and Jeffersou itreets, LOUtIsVII.IK, KT. 3 0ook.ICeeplae r n k alr,Peur. srsasllhlpo ,,hort- I laand, T-ryp T WrIt lnung. Arthi - a eote anetd 1nglIlal S. l HOME STUDY. us ineis Coume given Iy mail. Improve S your spare hoenm anml ol.in a Pmrctieal Ed,'ctiou. ADDis9l g COIE4IE AC AEoYg. R t "Refers to the Eitr of this paper. LOT WHETSTONE ATTORREY AT LAW, OestR ooffiw oas. t WU pArte t ioMal awl W s C arrel Parskm ImuCe1andWs a slapealaHr. Oasebit Excoelsiolr .---/ W a . k IdWU i.N, THIIHINH'S TARIFF TALK Demnocrary's Ca (ndidate for Vice President Delivers a (:rand Address. The "Old Roman" Arouses the Michigan Democrata to a High State of Enthusiasm. In Pine (:rove, a beautiful park be twee.n Port Huron and Fort Gratiot, in Michigan, .u'lgCe Thurman told 4,110 I'eolple what the tariff was, what its ef fects were, what the IDemiocratic Iarty Spr ,,poses tor do, to it, andl why it should ei dine. It was a crowd full of en thjuuia-nm that bubbledl over in shouts and chleers andI applause and laughter. Baun d;:neelus, of course, were everywhere. A speaking stand hid been erected in lIine c.rove. and not far from three thou sanil ileople were about it when the party got there. .1. G.. 'Neil, of Port Ilurou, introducied .Judge Thurman with a n.eat conmpalrinscoi between the "Grand (rlil f':an ' cf England and the "iIld l;oiman" of Arnirl a. The .ludce had to wait sotume time before he could get a chance to speak, but when he began his voice sounded c'ear and strong, and he stood erect andti lir. He was easily heard Ihrouuhout the entire speech at the uttermost edge of the crowd as well as close to the stand. lie spoke oJ hand, using notes simply for greater ac curacy in giving ligures and making ,quotations. When, early in his speech, le had occasion to use his handkerchief, the appearance of the now famous ban darn:a called forth a cheer which was echoed and re-echoed by the crowd. This is what Judge Thurman said: "'rI:aI' YOUR (CAP ON," THEY SHOI'T "L raEs ANo A GSavT.Rttex: Will you allow me to keep my cap on?" ("(ºf course:" "Certainly:", I am afraid with this cold north wind It might do me some harm if I went bareheaded; and, although I am perfectly willing to un cover my head before the people, still I do not want to break down at the he ginning of the campaign. (Voices, "Keelp your clip on.") His TItli'iTE TO TItE PRESIDENT. "It is not necessary for me, before I proceed to the subject of the tariff to speak of the Iresident ot the United States and his Administration more than a very few words. I defy any man who has a regard for the truth to say that Grover Cleveland has not made a good President of the United States. (Ap alause.) A brave, intelligent, level headed, noble man, he has had a clean, an upright, and a suece sful Administration. (Applau-e and a voice, "Hurrah for Cleveland.") Four years ago he was elected. In the canvass that 'preceded his election, his op ponents predicted all manner of evils in case he should succeed. lie did suc ceed, and 'pray what has become of their predictions: Where is the ruin that was to follow the election of (;rover t leve. land! Where is the disgrace that was to follow his election? On the contrary, the country has been more quiet, more peaceable, more proslerous than it has been for many years that have gone by. (Applause.) Now, I know the man. I know him well. I tell you. my fellow eitizens, that a more upright and wise man I do not believe dwells within the limits of the United States. (Applause.) le has a noble band of counselors around him, and not least among them is the distinguished citizen of your own State, Mr. Iickinson. (Great applause,) Cleveland knows not only how to rule himself within the limits of the Constitu tion, but he knows full well how to choose good constitutional advisers. (Applause.) "I presume there is not a person within the sound of my voice who does not know what is meant by the tariff. And yet it may aid us to-day if I give a clear and precise definition of what a tariff is. A tariff, my friends, is nothing in the world but a tax-a tax levied by the (eneral Governament upon every article of commerce that comes into the United States and that is intended for sale within her borders, and which inci dentally raises the price, and therefore becomes a tax or a burden upon every article of domestic manufaetureof a like nature with those which pay the tariffll tax. "Now we have at this moment,aecordC ing to the last ladvices I have seen, about $11.V,t)0,0se, called surplus revenue that is, taxes co lected from the people beyond the neessities of the Govero meat. Thosem dollars, one hundred sad fifteen millions, are lying perfectly idle in the vault of the Treasury of the United States, of no service to sany human being, drawing no interest, earu lag no proft, but taken from the pockets of the people, where they properly belong, and whbes, if they were now fouMnd, thwusads and tens of thouands and hundreds of theusads of the people of the IUnited States would tat them to good muse sad improve their condition and prospensty. "%ow the Lemocratic party says that this is a wrong condition of affairs; that that mone ought not to be like the talents of the man we are told of in the scriptures, buried in the ground: that thie is a very poor uee to make of the moey of the people, and therefore the DIatemocatle party says that this narplus evenue which is produced in the main by these ta'it taxes ought to be re. ded s that tht is surplus will not co tiae to aecumulataet tpplause.) thOur opponents, on the other hand, my it is better to let the surplus aeemulate: it is better to take the money from the perackts of te l; tt , bettr to n is up is tan eis of tg e Theu;rt s thae UnItak Glat. Weangon asd Vast is to tea as s tern0 -s e eds m ( A I - era tA ra Seam a arel re isorahle taxation on the other. It is between taking the money of the peo ple out of their own control, out of their own pockets and bur inug it in the cel lar of the Treasury Departncmnt. or it is I Ietween leaving the money wherec it I,e loh' , in the pockets of the people, to ce used by t11an as their wa:nts re-1uire and as their intelligence andi ho acty di rect." Here a gentleman on the platform tai-e l an umbrella to, keep the sun from the -ipeaker's face, bhilt was unable to do so. The .lonldge continued: "Well, ne.ver mind, the sun never hurt a I'emcmcrat, anyway. t Laughter and ap-pIause. ) "Now, nay friends, in the long politi cal life I have led I have heard a great many lalse pretenses prcaclhel to the people, intelnded to dcceive andi delul-e them. but in all my life I have never witnessed such audacrity as I have ii ti red this year on the part of the adv,c.ats o a high protective tariff. A singular di f regard of the truth, scems to have and denly atflicted them. I do not int,end to call people hard naunes. I have all my life endeavored to ke'epi acivil t ,ague in my head and I omean t , keep it as long as 1 live, but I do .ay that some plop!e sometimes seeml to lose their sel-es, :o that they cannot see the truth and often, unfrwtunately, caunnot speak it. (Ap iplause. ) 'Now, just think of it for one inm. mncit. W'e are toll that high tariff makes the c ,ultry richer, as if it were lossille to make a cotlntry rich Iby op pre-sively taxing its l.clep:c' ( \ppllause.) IsIa' that a nell way to Inaale a iman r c!, to run your hand into his pocket andl take out wirat you tind there, anal that wlthout any t,ust te;ason whatsoeet for docng so? Isn't that a singular way to :ake anyblody rich: (A.\pplau+e. And yet that is precisely the plan that thle-c people tell us is the plan to adopt to enrich this co:untry. I'his country, tI"yv Iay, is tic be Imade we lthly hr mcats of high taxxation. Again, they have the andacity to say that this tariff tax is not paid by the consumers of the article which is taxed. Why. if the consumn-rs of these taxed articles do, not p:ay the tax I would like to know who doe=. Ito th.ese i'rotectionisL orators pay it? lo the manufacturers pay it: Who pays it if the people who coa-umue the articles that are taxed do not pay it: No macn can answer that ,lue-taon to the satisfac tion--- Hlere a note was hanl-,d to the spea'ier.) gentlemen, I a-n afraid there are some High Protectionists in this au dience, for a note is sent up for me to read, as follows: 'A lady has just had her pocket picked and she thinks it is these high-tariff scoolers.' I hope that high-t.riff fellow who has taken the lady's money will be caught and nmale to refund before he leaves Port Huron. (Great laughter and cheering.) WE FAY FIVE TIMEst MIutE TIAN ~ I "Now, my friends, if you will refleet for a moment you will see that it is ne, es-arily the case that the tariff taxes are paid by the consumers of the articles which are tax\cd, and of all domestic :,r tirles of a like kind which ate manufac tured in the I nited :-tates, for it is a curious fact that one of the Worst things about this tariff tax is that, while the government gets $1 from tihe tax, the domestic manufacturers get 4t i as it is best estimated, that never goes into the t'easury at all. (Great cheering.) "'Well, how does this hsapen? A man called an importcr Iri:cgsgoods into the I rited %mtate, to be siol,. lie can not sell a yard or a pound until he pays this tariff tax. lie pays the tax, there fore, and then se;ls to the wholeale merchant. a if course he must get this tax back in the price for which he sells, or he would lose money and his business would break up at once, lie therefore adds the tax on to the criginal cost of the goods, and, with th'it price added and with the price of transportation andi his reasonable commercial profits, he se ls those goods to the wh,,elsa' nre chant. The wholesale merchant sells to the re taI! merchant, and of course this tax which enters into tlie irce cont anucs in the pric 3. and to it is added the profit of the merchant. Then the retail nmer chant sells to you, andl of course he must keep within this price, for otherwise he would sell for less than he gave for the goods, and no man of sense would do that. Therefore the tax is in when the cloth is sold to you, and you, in the price you pay this retail merchant for the goods, pay the whole of the tariff tar, the importer's profit, the whole-ale mer ehant's profit and the retail merchant's profit, besides interest on their money. It is a- plain as that two and two make four. If I were a schoolmaster and teaching a boy ten years old, and he could not understand that with ten min utes, instruction I would give him up a' a hope'ess idiot. ("reat laughter and applause., Well, that is the fact na re spect to this. TIlR TAX FOR Til'. MNc'PAC'TU'RER. "Now, how much do they pay Why, the amount of goods imported into the I oited Jtate--of dutiablle goods-in the year 1 te, the last year for which we have any returs, was in value $4r, . :.i,3$2-. Th- tariff dut'es collected were $21,032,421. 'rTexes of $.2,0t, ':.. 421 were, therefore, levied in that single year by the United State, by the opera tion of this tarif law, a.d all this went into the Treasury of the United States. Rut that, as I have told you, was least part of the aurden. The domestic mann actures of the same kind of com todities amounted that year to $3,33!', 5!.,hut--that s, in other words, to $5, .t;6,t,00.,000-and as the price of those goods was raised by the tariff in nearly equal p:oportions to the wice of the goods that were imported into the eoun try, the amont which the people paid in these high prices of what they htad to buy cad had to use amo4nted to about 1t,o 0,000,000, or to about five times as much as the ta' received by the -overn mant for the use of the Government. In other words, the whole country was taxed about $1,0:0,t000,000 for the bene it of a comparatively small portion of thbe country; and that is said to he jus tiee, that is said to be fair play, that is sid teoe for the 1bneft of the Ameri ca- people! . "Why don't they carry it out? Why don't they when they iad is Port Huron a lawyer-I think I mUy name them be auwe I am a Iawr myself-wlhet they lad on* the sede of whois profe. si do net afd him anad his farily a aforthItable auppot-wh don't they et osid l or, whs ettet e a topte w-n~' hose lease i ae$ d* *o port himn or his family, why don't they tax all the peopIe f Port Huron in order to add to the wealth of that doctor. Anl so oit with everything else. Why don't they dio it And yet they do tax :t matili. or did tax him and do yet pretty highly -omctimes, on the medicine that hll, i o " b;1od to take'. I remember one of th:' nImst satisfactory votes that I cast lhen in thi "en:tle of the I nited States was to aisolish the tax on quinine, so tht a maIn with the fever and ague could have his ltuiniine without being robbed of lis inWalis of sublsiteonce. i Applatuse. n'II.E:Ii's .niFEmr Till IF N:\ Ia.\N SA. The princil.al, *the general fact is that this tax-- here the speaker was inter rlpte I by cheering anli aplplause, which fo lowt ed his pro, ltcIug a ,andanna hand ker hief t. W\ell. gentlemen, this is a og ,I, hie-t handkerchief, anu I could have Is,,ight it a gotel deal cheaper if it Ih:l lnot ,been for the tariff tai. (c;reat laughter and prolonged chearing. In ih s lanni:l rIessaL.c to Congress in I s.. :t, I'r.'sident Arthur said: I re o,;rmendi :ila enlargement of the fie list s·o a;s to include within it the nulm ,ro,,is articles which yield an incon siderI;bie revenue; a siml;lilication of the omuplex and inconsistent schedule of dulti:es ulon certa:n manufactures, par. ticularly those of cotton, iron and steel, I and a substantial reduction of the duties I upon tlhse and upon sugar, molasses, wool atil woolen goods.. "We'll. that is precisely what the DIemfcrats are striving to do That is pre isely whi: t the Mills bill, as it it calledl. attemptsto do, and yet these g*entleter n who are howling round about the b:,n.:its snI the ruin that the Iremo crats a:re lrinlgin onl the country tell yv:a th.tt this thing, whi:lh Ire.ident Arthur recn:niemilnde I only so lately, is notltinig in tit,' world bt free trade. Tl'hey are o:ll're afra.d of free trade than I lthey are of ra:tttlcseakes. (I amughter and I plaull -e,. They :rc terribly alarmed lest they shohld be bitten by free trade. Ilecnewed laulghter,. Now, so far from this l,:.nti fre,' trade, the most striking I th.ng alouut the Mills bill is that it is the muiot imotlerate retuc:tion of tariff duties that has ever been attemplted in this I country. "i'resideut Garfielh sa d in the House of l:elpre-entativeson J. arch 14), 1'I: "'1 was surprised at a remark of the distillguished gentleman from Michigan -1 do not know who that distinguished gentlemtan was, but he was a Mlichigan. I der. lie asserted that there is no item in the whole Tariff bill that can stand I aloue on its mcrits, but that all must be I taken in a lump in order to stand; that I coal must take salt by the has d, an they, too, must take something ele by I the handl: anti thus all interests unite I before they c'ai make a stand before the I country. 1: tih s remark be true, it I strikes a blow at the whole tariff syste; a blow I am not wlling to strike. I am unwilling to admit that bad taxes must I be tied to :oold fines, and thus be kept I atjiat. I think it is unwise to continue ( this duty on coal, and I am, therefore, I in favor of its repeal.' "This Mich'gander came from a lum- I ber country I expect, and he was in favor of log rolling (laughter -log rolling on the largest kind of a scale; that the man who wanted protec:tion on one arti cle should log roll with the man who wanted protection on another, and thus by all combining together and making one grand sli licate or pool, force their me'asures thr,mugh the t ongress of the t nited .'tatts. But .!ames A. Garfield said: ':f this remark be true, it strikes a blow at the whole tarif system, and a blow I am not willing to strike. I am unwilling to admit that bad taxes must be tied to good ones, and thus be kept afloat.' SI'I t)EN lOVE iFOR TiE It, BORINIO SAN. I "NoW, my friends, there is atotbet I thing to wh cl I wish to call ycur at. tention. They say all at ouce--I say I 'all at once,' for It is a very late doe. 1 trine --these advocates of protection are all at once seized with wonderful soil citude for the laboring man of the coua try; and t*ey want a h gh protective tari , not tv benefit the capitalist, not to benefit the monopolist, not to benefit the manufacturer, according to their statemesnt, but to benefit the laboring man. lie is the man they seek to pro tee.. And how are they going to pro tect imli \\ hy, they say that a hirk pro ective tariff will better his condition, give him more wages-higher wages. I would like to know how this can be. I would like to k .ow how taxing a la boring man on everything from the crown of his bead to the sole of his feet is going to enrich hint. ( Laughter anad applause. 4 Yet this is exactly what thi taritf tax does. It taxes him on h:a hat that he wears: on the cap that I put em my head to keep it wara. (Applause and iaughter.) It taxes him oa his h;rt, on his necktie, on his urder clothes, on his coat, on his vest, an his breeches, on his stockingsl oa his boots, on everything. (Itenewed cheering.) It raises the price and taxes him untdl the poor man can hardly make enough money, even if he gets a few eetits more wagers a day, to sulport himself sad his little family, if he has one. And yet they say that this is for the beefit of the laboring man. My friends, that tI a very baldfaced misstatement, if there ever was any in the world. But there s another thing tbout it. How is he to get these high wages? Why, be is to get them becase his employer, the capi talist or monopolist, wal make more in mey, and therefore cuan aod to pay his employes or hired men higher wages than he paid them before. I agree that hecould. I agreethat it Iecrease his profits. I agree that he might, having these Increased profits, pay his laboring men more than they were pad before. But does he do it t That is the questiona. (Applause and cries of "Ko! No!") Did you ever know him to do it? (Cries of "No! No!") "The tariff has bea mised egaina sad again, it was immen'ey raised by the law of iwIi or 'S, 1 forget which of those years it was. It was ralied hi a few years again ad it has been raised again and again and again,. and yet in a:t that time I never bave been sblo to find the maufa-.turr r o capitalisat who apon the raising of the tari ha ia creased the wager paid to he aborers. If there has been a.h a case it has es capel the attentio, of everybody, ma of these d:liget( nep r men who gather up all ther news od ometime a great deal that is m news at alL (Mirri meat.s But y hare never been able to ind th u ufaeturiat mas who I creased pa'd his labonr be was Inmeased. A PEW ~ITR 'TO CRACK. "But, my friends, we have had had for twenty-seven years nearly the highest tariff that this courtry ever knew, fully on an average tw.ce as high as it p as before the war. We have had that high tariff all this time. Now, if that high tariff is so much for the benefit of the laioring men why have not the laboring men in these twenty-seven years grown rich, I should like to know? Have they (('ries of "No, nol") If they have, they are very unreasonable men, for not a year lasses over our heads that we do not hear of strikes of the laborers be cause they demand more wages, and say they cannot live on what they receive. Again and again we hear of what are called lockouts-that is, where the em ploayers suspend operations and lock up the:r mills because they say they cannot afford to pay any more wages than they do. %%hy are these strikes; Why are these lockouts? Why are there such in stitutions as labor unions? So as to se cure better wages. Why is there such an institution as the Knights of I abort To prevent laboring men from being im jposed upon and to in'-re.ase their com eiEnsation. Why is there a necessity for all these things, and all these extensive and worthy organizations if a high tariff gives high wages to the laborer? No man can ansswer that question satisfac torily even to himself. If what the-e men say is true about high tariffs and their etffect upon wages, why, then, gen tlemen, all these '..bor unions, all these Knights of Labot and everybody else who is engaged in that kind of busi ness are simply wasting their time, for the tariff nicely solves the problem for them. (Laughter and applause.) Yes, it does solve the problem for them, but not in the way they like trenewed laugh tert, not in such a way that they feel as if they were beneiitted, and therefore they have to resort to other means to get those wages wh. h the employers are not willing to lay. "But while I am on this subject of the laboring man, let me add: They say that the tari.t does not raise the price. If it doesn't raise prices I would like to know why the manufacturers or so many of them are in favor of it? Do they want a high taril. ia order to lower the prices? Not many of them, I think. There are instances in which a high tariff has lowe:ed prices for especial sad pe culihar rea-on'. but as a general rule, as I hate already shot- you by what I read from Mr. Adam's report, :- to other au thorities, and also from reacro, the :''; Increases the price. If itdoe.snt in-r,.:set the price you may be sure that the manu factures and capitalists would not want it, and if it doesn't increase the price pray where is the protection? Where does that come inl They are afraid of our getting things cheaper in this country than they can be manufactured here, as they say, by reason of the pnaper labor, as they call it, of Europe. Well, now, if the tariff is not to increase the price of articles which we buy and which are manufactured here, where m the protec tion to American manufacturers, and how, if the price is not raised, can they pay better wages to the labererl now IT ArFFCTS FARMELS. "But there is one class of laborers, my friends, that I want to call your attention to especially. There Is one elass of laborers in this country who have been, according to the claims of the aboll tioubts in the country and of the I:epub licans, their espe -al wards-especially under their guardianship-and for whose interests they feel the most peculiar and earnest solicitude, and they are the negroes. Now, the result of the war was to free about four millions of negro, and I am very glad they were freed, sad they havre inereased now to about six or seven millions, for the negro is a poli'e animal. (Oreat laughter and sppintse.) Now, bho do these negroes make their living? Why, a great may of them go to town aul pursue any kind of handi craft that they can, becoming domestic servants, blacking shoes, sharving faces or doing things of that kind. But isn the country theltgro makes what be gets by cultivating the earth throughout the whole South. low does he cultivate it Why, he either has bought some land and some of them have bought a good deal, or he rents land. Whether he cultivates his own land or whether be rents it, the crops that be gets from it are the remuneration he receslvem for his toiL Now, that carop in the ma:n consists cf cotton, some corn and some little wheat, but mainly cotton. Now, how can the high protective tariff beneit the negro who ra set cotton and has for his share of the crop three, or four, or five bales of cotton each year Why, gentle men, there is no tarif at all on cotton. It comes I free as the air. The price of cotton therefore is net rseed, as they say, or lessened by tlh tarift tax, and yet here is all that the negro has for he labor. le en' et a ent more for his cotton by reason of any high pro'ective tariff, and be does get, perhaps, a eenat lessa. He has to sell his cotton ad to sell it at the price that is made by the foreign market; the price in Liverpool or in London to which ports cotton is exported from the United Sttates. It is there that the price of his cotton is ised, and for that price he has to sell it, tarit orno tariff. "But how is it on the other hand ? The negro, althou.zh he is living in a pretty warm c'imate, gill warns to be decent ad wats to be emfortabie sad wants his wife and children to be com fostable, and the need clothing as well as other people, but noon every siag!e thing that hLe buys to clothe himself, to clothe his family, to c:othe his little pickaionies, to get a blanet, to get a tool or implemeat of any kind, he is taxed by this high protective tariff and he is compelled to pay s higher pri e than be ethe would, so that, so far ash ie eeacei bd thre can be no pro. tense whateeever the toriaf i anything ant a uqlItgated l uury to him. Hsehas qetbhing ta sell which he is bentred by; Lb rforms no labor that b ay n k of argument an be aid tobe aeted by it. e sefll it et a price Lsed by a foreig;n market beeruse Ie can't sell it for any other procs, ad epen everything that he consumes, peon werything that he prchases for his casemptie he has to pay a iaereased prie and is thereby Ijured." Fregulemml Opiates. Wife-"D r me, Johat what's the haki delniwi mk hit bha her ' haby~)--"Jnt trlag to mix the edes ea pis palate, my Ien,'-Rf ry Dee sTIE NIEFs. 3 ll3WS G&AEElR uL AT OW.a Wi ab tr ever Lal Lal"e Lad Alab*,w. Frank Barker, a coloreld I ltorer re cently from i irmin'mh:,uin, a kni.cLked a off a freight car on Thursday Ityr tile phone wiecs in Illlut ville aInd w:a un over by the dummy cars and kilc 1. II,. t was standing utp an hald hI en eutilenel albout the dan(le-r. Illd he .llen sittingi down he wuldl have been in no dlanger. Several dcays ago three hIrses vi r"e placed in a car on the (Ge- rnia1 l'aeiti, road at Birmninh;nai fur shipecnt t, At laint;t, Ga. The car as sicsl.iI (nt ii out-ide in the uacitl stile, lIut when the train reachedi lhIctry EI.Iii, tihteein anilm u out, the condcluctr dli-covered th:e' tlhe car dooir was iipenl and one of the hor-e ini.sini. Thb. ictii-il euf tlh r,,:;i hlve hiid a tlrthor.n.h s are It m-el, Il t S - fir they have found no trce of the h1 -,e. The train made ni, stops ejc * ait i\-c.i in,.s between llilm'n, lne cI-,ml I ,li. r" Ellen, and the disapple tr;iane ,f the hrse I is a mystery. Nrih E'arellal. At Kingston, a mietin if i:emielrr ,if the Lenoir county l'armtne.s' A\lhanic.. i 1 held on Thursday. It relpresents nine , hundred farmer,. A eisolution ,, - i adopted inidorsing the :,cc;ionll of til.' state allianice in regard to the c(.tt te t bagging trust, aind innstru 'tinig the.r agent to order at once six thul.:cil v.ie is t of Iurlap .. They are ais.' ur_ I. t I,,-tam:ii by the action of the alliar.ee in thie tihht against the jute trust. William U. Ulwlhurch, piresili.nt ,f Ite State Agricultural Sciety. sa: - tl:; t rain is lotting the cotton. It is scll h 1 long spell of weather that thli" n:le::. must hIe extensive. Dlevelopment.s f f the new young belt is entirely .stuplel, (. I mnd the effect of the rain is the. slc.iuliin r of both bolls and silruares. An-clai r re suit will be that much cotton ~i I I.e stained. Bolls just opening will, of course, all be affected in this way. 3Mr. I Upchurch says the damage to tihe fc"ll.h r crop will be heavyandl widicsprea'il. Al fodder not in stacks is ruine-r. (' rn a will also be hurt. Seven dclrs itllut I sunshine will test any croip scu-rely, particularly at this season. *.,uth Earelma. Ac xi . ;i, ci .e amle at Charles- c toll. .t Ill t .,s :y, a ait h tic i.i 'ln4 F, straw h,.:.' ng whichli i t f.f asc I t i. : ..i . stitute for jute bIal ng i f fcec ctt, l I,:i'e. The pine straw mat, rial se en t, in:v1 stood the test cf compressing, and the experiment was made to test its infiam- C tnability. A piece of the lile straw I cloth and one of the jute were fired sim ultaneously. The jute was extinguished in two seconds, while the pine straw burned and smouldered some fifteen or twenty seconds before it could be extin guished. Notwithstandirg tllhi, how- 1 ejr, attention has been dire'te l to the plae straw industry and th, plants for several manufactories have already been a offered in different pIor;ions of the state. At present there is but one known fac tory engaged in this work. It is situated i near Wilmington. N. U., andl has here- t tofore been manufacturing an article ,f j batting whicht is claimed to be vIlual.le t in caes of tubercolosis owing to the -iilor a of the Iine leaves. 'I ,Maryland. I Winnie Johnson, the largest colored i woman its this country. weighing 849 pounds, died at Baltimore. 'I e door- t ways had ~eten eplecially eaitrged for her benefit. She was called "Big i Winnie" and she had beent exhibited as c "the fattest w.nman" in the world for the t last ten years. Fatty degeneration of c the heab t can-ed her death. She was Ii born in Kentucky. The coffin wa: five g feet eleven inches in length, three feet t eight inches in widlth and three feet two i inrches deep. Fourteen nmen acted as pall h bearers and they hadchcl all they could do to shove the dead giantess into her final t resting place. i Mtssest.. The ,agging trust at St. Louis has ad raneel the price of jute Iagging another f quarter of a cent per oltnd, malking thi i Irice range from 11l to 13). It is recert c d that a still further advance is to be made f The vault in the county clerk's ciffie, at Little Rock, was broken ,lpen oni Thursday night and poll books slhc ing the returns of the election in nine town ships were t iken out. Entrance to the I vault was gained by chiseling and pirying opea with a crowbar the iron dor of a the vault heretofore considered sceire. r Other returns have been removed to cn. of the banks, to guard against further a depredations. Fear of detection in t "doctoring" the returns, caused the robbery. a There was filed with the county curt t clerk of Hamilton county, on Thursday, r an application for a charter incorpllrati,, 'E a new railroad to be built to Murphy. N. C., and thence to Augusta, (;a. 'The name of the road is to be the Ch:ett- - nooga, Cleveland & lMurphy HRilroadl. a and is to be run by a practicaeble romltel- a ready surveyed from t hlittaneas, t throush the city of Cleveland to Mur phy, N. C., and thence, if desired, to, Augusta, Oa. Brnaswick has lifted the quarantine a against Atlanta. The Brotherhood of Locomotiver File men met in Atlanta, on Minel-,y. i:nl were welcomed to the city bIy Many.,r Cooper, and Gov. Gordon. Grand MNas tess Arthur, of the Engineers, and Wilk iason, of the Brakemen, attended the conveation. A grand receptin was tcn dared Mr. Arthur in the evening. Capt. McCaoley, of the United States aroitor fleet, inspected the James River below Richmond with a view cf celect Iag an ancehorage place for the fleet now I at City Point. Ble will present a report 1 to the Secretary of the Navy, rrcom mending Randolph Flats, three miltes from Richemold as suitable anchorage Kaencme. i The great Pall celebration at Lonuisvilk 1 opened with an indu'tri:l parade five miles g. Twenty thousand strangers were pemeat. HATCHED IN THUNDERNTORlI. .ow Gulls. Swians and l'Wodpec-kers Foretell Weat laer ('lIange's. In Hampshire swans are incli.rel to be hnathed in thueh rst i.ns, and it i' said those on the Thames himve ln in stinctive pre-sciene f tflo.ils. Bf fre heavy rains they rils, their nests, s;:vys the Lecendotn "W",. Tlhis is c.har.,.teritio of many birds, which :t ,l pi, s of n:t terial to their nests to 1, ,ent stvtwni ing. Wh-en r'oots tl hi ,.i anid -teee to initate birds .f p'rey I., sarinlg, sweijping, and fillil ., it is alntie :t ter laiu sign of coming ..t,,rn. rStayin 1g im the vicinity of the riok,.rv. returtirig it mitdtlay, or e,. tning to r,,,-t in groups, are also said toe is` ,,imeis to the ilia. e fert. Vari,,us proverbl. wuiI , t ,ii i,, in•dieate that th,.e.rv ,f thl owl if he:arl in lIrul weathe, r fortell:. a change. The cmnstantt it,.ration of th,. gr, ,n wotillieker's cry Icef,ore a ,-trnf lit.; given it the name'; of ram I irl, rtauin pie, aind rain fowl. Steor.,.t.I, is it |,r,,vin c'ial natme sharled ie t!us hird citi.I th. mlissel-th;nsh, the hlit:.r ofi,,n :il.,in:" through gal s of titi ,il lne,. St. ris 11ixi also is app.ie I tc c tft e t 1ii if.,re. 'llt'* abhitrrcncet in uhiei mairiners h6.1, tien swallow like 'storm petrel i.s tell kIn,,, its apilelartane., is I,.he,.i f ii, di'n'te' wihl 'eati, r. 'This litti, iird i- the. M,,th, r 'ire,''s, chit.ken of sailtors, ani i. ,l.o e.thlle'i storm thin-cl ici. water tittch. i'Heronsi, s:ys :Iin ch1 :utthr, tl. i}ig tip anit diOwn in the. eninc,. .t if i 'htfitti w\hlieei to ri"-t, "'pi'pe . ec iie" e'tc ii 'ip r', .e''hing w .a'eher ' " .c e d as e i a, i `'rial, thench prob,,bly ,.1,,,oIl of four dait io n. *:'ene ruing i tls in g.m..r:l, chlilthien who live iby tih' sia sal', ~ . ',gtall, s,"i geull, sit cit the saitt ; it' Ic br 1',c,.ii 'weather wihile v 'i i' :, Itie l.l;'" nill tiIher folk kinoww Ih t wihi.c i ih, - .ac.,.. fly outt early and i lat t sica.'i I.i,, weatlher may i' ilp .e.tei. I'c ca II shepherdslr the lriiun:li!i; of the ' it, indicates dry weather iul fit.t ait iiht, ait, 4 lii4 it't W hite rit ' ,et1iur s I at w o ..., .,'k, have ll , rsd vii h*i rarillkalyi listlecs aigalitst siio ty, ifil w. iat iher; 'while, seiring ii ,trir tirnth i-, thir eerl" arrival lnd til ceti icieci. ael.-,1 '' i, teils lilstral hi rvlest. ' IIc We\'tlit i the "'cmilnicg cf the ,I ,tte,.rI Itct!,,. frost tl.'I siiow'c, atile i th re is ai pr ,i'lr that the bt iuei',g ,,f tle bitiern' rill t folliwed bv rain or wirse. I;e '',,it e ishirce, w'heni the wile ' _,.,.c c~e, ,c,, ci t :. they say tho wietthler will ie lineI'l,icae I toward the hill, tn'my. Thie saw-like llt.t i of tIh, ' ireat tit monas, is said toi ffrtincll i.in; that cf tih, bluielit, eold. In the south if I'aeaiic' , much store is set ev tle sesll, cif the magpie that if it leitel ls its inest 4ie thilt summiit of a tree the.' *"Uitetrv f-ilk ,pc,.t asieason of cailet; blet if litwer diwin winds and tniepsts are' ste" toi follow. iWhe'n ai jac'kil:w Ijs seen to e siinti on one of the saee's of the e'atliheial ticni r at Wells, it is sclci thati rain is sir tf follow within twetety fouir lh, is. We ' must be a w t llahce ' Ilie c cal,,, dwelilers in the cotnitry la'k faith . the skylark's esong as eune'cii'iiig line' weather; but when tie laik aied thie cuckoo sling togetther th y linow flhit summer has ceflme. lI'h c litun, hiuzzu'ti, lIc 'wing, starliing, ald ai nctcii!or cr-f otll, ' hiiris are aid ill foret' Ii w,.tithcr chlanigs; 'we has. i, ti 1i that I n erl"y till tell slpci'ifs intil et c . t i L t, ,n- cai,' uel ealls are cl- y ' Is ,. c tei , with thi , bird's food supply. The New Cast Iron (ines. At the orednance foulitdry of the Southl Boston Iron Works a large for' ceof workmen is at present engage'l in coein phleting the third and lust in the seri.es of the three 12 in. cast iron rilled guins with a steel tulle' alind steel hoops. 'l'h, woirk of putting in the slctl tuile, which is instrted at the rear ofl the ltarrel. ex tending through frocm the bre'cei, ihas just bIeen eomplliieteid, after thireei trial-, to intiure getting a lp'rfoctly tight joint at the shoulder or c'tiniig eof the geni. The guin was ilctoil hlorizontaly over ia longititudinal pit, anel wais the'n cseverlI in with a boiler and sheet iron. .1 fir' was built under it, exh nttling fron t he brech of tlthe giunt to a point tn froint if the trunnions. The icly of the gnu was ex'qanuel by the.' heat, and the cte .I tube was incertwd fronu tfle rear. A ectreeam of col water was kept cirennltinf: tlhreeugh the bore of the tite", tfc keep it cool, during the whole opeiration, wlhich lasted stout twenty one hoirs. '1he gt-i was then cooled down ait thu er'e'ch toi make it grip the tnibe, we that in c'etlc tracd'ing the frcnt end of thu tube wtie brought to a fight j'iint agailist tle folr ward should'rs in lhe easiteg or bcly cef the gun. An inigeniotus srrcingemtcnict of bolts and screws, tog'thler with a le ton jack, was usel iut innerlinig thie fileho and holding it in place unctil the' co'oling was completel'. TIie gnu will le trans f.'rr' to the lathe in a few days feo Is tinishel, bored and rifled, aniel will I.e doliver'l to thu gov.'rleentee'et turly in the fall. A Wemlderfl Rowking-4inee. Iragincee a stone, in size confaining about 5tWI cu'leie fe'ctt, in shlee ile tirly as round as an oraetgc, ice wc'ighit not less thleac tMItit) Ipollitees, icr feerty teelee, acd so nieely leiltnel'| Iclsncl ct tetlde eel rook that a child toe yeiers of ag", by pushing either tgtittst the noerth or south aide, ctu rck it Iack cr forth; yet the stretegth cef ci hunetlre'l cn,,n, witi|ceit leveres or other appliecnoces, woul i lee in sufilcient to ehishhdgu it frnen its poeitlote. Such is the o.lebrate'l r'.ckittg-stoneo ot the fIrm of Mr. J. Meclanry, two miles we-t of Monticc'lio. This is one of the gi'atect natural curiosatic' in our whelet coseeufry. What sjmlgetc ,r cutlhi c'!icel cuci? a leiece cf nmarble f its size', and thit.n Isisc it we nicely that it wcould 'ilercetce imeilc'r so light a toillh ! hut its suhitls', Si/ce and position and not the ntcc'ct wo:icsrfiel things shtunt it. Its ls,;ly is cnnpioe I of a somnewbat hlme and scft sandcitoei in which mure imb sided ntlntwc'rle'ss r'niiil and flinty jeebbles, of a ditiamoced liko h.arin s,. In all the valh'y where it is situated it is the olitary sp'cimen of ifs cluas. Arouind and nneler, the rot'ks cure, of a totally different strnutrc'. Tiic table on whkih it rests is a hard stnci .-arly as firm and close grained as thie blue atone of our qluarries. Front whe'tie. camae this wanderer and how:-.iots .ellU (N. Y.) WI'stelm,, n. A PROSLIM floLVEI) 0l4 Man-If I give my daughiter to von, yotlng man, where will you tiek Yoting Man-Well,er -I thought we. might stay here with you nntil I can get things straightened out a bit. Old Man-lH-m yes, I hal quite over looked that easy solution of the ditlioul tyb lt my ht use is vely small. Toung Man-Ye-es, I t',eught of that, too; bet the idea occurred to me that possibly the hloue could be cnlargod. rva never any pity for conceited people because I thsmk they carry their e..s..etah.ME W i hMa